be82612009-07-23Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) 
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see # the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) 
cf65c72014-11-13Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Paul Eggert (2014-10-31):
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) #
cf65c72014-11-13Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
84701a2007-02-01Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition), # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
cf65c72014-11-13Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) #
2440ca2003-03-30Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Gwillim Law writes that a good source
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM), # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
cf65c72014-11-13Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted, # IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences, # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which # I found in the UCLA library. #
4ce88e2013-04-22Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # For data circa 1899, a common source is:
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94. # http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359
4ce88e2013-04-22Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) #
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997). # # Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT # for +0:00 through +3:00, respectively,
84701a2007-02-01Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # but Mark R V Murray reports that
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # 'SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa, # 'CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and # 'WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for # the area that includes Nigeria is "West Africa". # He has heard of "Western Sahara Time" for +0:00 but can find no reference.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) #
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # To make things confusing, 'WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago;
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # I'd guess that this was because people needed _some_ name for -1:00, # and at the time, far west Africa was the only major land area in -1:00. # This usage is now obsolete, as the last use of -1:00 on the African # mainland seems to have been 1976 in Western Sahara. # # To summarize, the following abbreviations seem to have some currency: # -1:00 WAT West Africa Time (no longer used) # 0:00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time # 2:00 CAT Central Africa Time # 2:00 SAST South Africa Standard Time # and Murray suggests the following abbreviation: # 1:00 WAT West Africa Time
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # I realize that this leads to 'WAT' being used for both -1:00 and 1:00
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # for times before 1976, but this is the best I can think of # until we get more information. # # I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome! # 2:00 WAST West Africa Summer Time # 2:30 BEAT British East Africa Time (no longer used)
ec45ab2011-10-21Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # 2:45 BEAUT British East Africa Unified Time (no longer used)
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # 3:00 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used) # 3:00 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used) # 3:00 EAT East Africa Time # Algeria # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
84701a2007-02-01Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S Rule Algeria 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S Rule Algeria 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 - Rule Algeria 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S Rule Algeria 1921 only - Jun 21 23:00s 0 - Rule Algeria 1939 only - Sep 11 23:00s 1:00 S Rule Algeria 1939 only - Nov 19 1:00 0 -
84701a2007-02-01Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) Rule Algeria 1944 only - Oct 8 2:00 0 - Rule Algeria 1945 only - Sep 16 1:00 0 - Rule Algeria 1971 only - Apr 25 23:00s 1:00 S Rule Algeria 1971 only - Sep 26 23:00s 0 - Rule Algeria 1977 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 S Rule Algeria 1977 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 - Rule Algeria 1978 only - Mar 24 1:00 1:00 S Rule Algeria 1978 only - Sep 22 3:00 0 - Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
84701a2007-02-01Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's # more precise 0:09:21.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7 0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29 1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May 1:00 - CET # Angola # Benin
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Lagos.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Botswana
5f6f972014-10-16Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Maputo.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Burkina Faso
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Abidjan.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Burundi
5f6f972014-10-16Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Maputo.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Cameroon
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Lagos.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) 
ad9b4e2016-11-26Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Cape Verde / Cabo Verde
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # # Shanks gives 1907 for the transition to CVT. # Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree # http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf # merely made it official? #
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  -2:00 - CVT 1942 Sep -2:00 1:00 CVST 1945 Oct 15
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  -1:00 - CVT # Central African Republic
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Lagos.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Chad # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912 # N'Djamena
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14 1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8 1:00 - WAT # Comoros
cf65c72014-11-13Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Nairobi.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) 
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Democratic Republic of the Congo
5f6f972014-10-16Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Lagos for the western part and Africa/Maputo for the eastern.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Republic of the Congo
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Lagos.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) 
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Côte d'Ivoire / Ivory Coast
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912 0:00 - GMT
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Bamako # Mali Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Banjul # Gambia Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Conakry # Guinea Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Dakar # Senegal Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Freetown # Sierra Leone Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Lome # Togo Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Nouakchott # Mauritania Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Ouagadougou # Burkina Faso Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Sao_Tome # São Tomé and Príncipe Link Africa/Abidjan Atlantic/St_Helena # St Helena
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Djibouti
cf65c72014-11-13Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Nairobi.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  ############################################################################### # Egypt
4ce88e2013-04-22Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Milne says Cairo used 2:05:08.9, the local mean time of the Abbasizeh # observatory; round to nearest. Milne also says that the official time for # Egypt was mean noon at the Great Pyramid, 2:04:30.5, but apparently this # did not apply to Cairo, Alexandria, or Port Said.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S Rule Egypt 1940 only - Jul 15 0:00 1:00 S Rule Egypt 1940 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 - Rule Egypt 1941 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S Rule Egypt 1941 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 - Rule Egypt 1942 1944 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S Rule Egypt 1942 only - Oct 27 0:00 0 - Rule Egypt 1943 1945 - Nov 1 0:00 0 - Rule Egypt 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 S Rule Egypt 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S Rule Egypt 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 - Rule Egypt 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S Rule Egypt 1959 1981 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S Rule Egypt 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 - Rule Egypt 1966 1994 - Oct 1 3:00 0 - Rule Egypt 1982 only - Jul 25 1:00 1:00 S Rule Egypt 1983 only - Jul 12 1:00 1:00 S Rule Egypt 1984 1988 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S Rule Egypt 1989 only - May 6 1:00 1:00 S Rule Egypt 1990 1994 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S # IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00. # Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29.
fea1f12011-09-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-04-20): # "...Egypt's interim cabinet decided on Wednesday to cancel daylight # saving time after a poll posted on its website showed the majority of # Egyptians would approve the cancellation." # # Egypt to cancel daylight saving time # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168 # or # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html Rule Egypt 1995 2010 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
84701a2007-02-01Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19): # The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports: # Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday # after observing the daylight saving time since May. # http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
ca883b2008-04-03Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14): # I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight # saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07.
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]
16a4ba2013-03-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm
ca883b2008-04-03Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53 # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...: # http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 24:00 0 -
ca883b2008-04-03Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06): # Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter # than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each # year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite # hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by # shifting business hours one hour out of daytime heat. Consequently, # unless discontinued, next DST may end Thursday 28 August 2008. # From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17): # For lack of better info, assume the new rule is last Thursday in August.
f34d232009-06-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  # From Petr Machata (2009-04-06): # The following appeared in Red Hat bugzilla[1] (edited): # # > $ zdump -v /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo | grep 2009
be82612009-07-23Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 21:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
f34d232009-06-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Apr 23
be82612009-07-23Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # > 23:59:59 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 22:00:00 2009 UTC = Fri =
f34d232009-06-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Apr 24
be82612009-07-23Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # > 01:00:00 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 20:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
f34d232009-06-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Aug 27
be82612009-07-23Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # > 23:59:59 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 21:00:00 2009 UTC = Thu =
f34d232009-06-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Aug 27
be82612009-07-23Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # > 23:00:00 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
f34d232009-06-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # # > end date should be Thu Sep 24 2009 (Last Thursday in September at 23:59= # :59) # > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/ # # timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that. #
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # [1] https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263 # [2] http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53 # [3] http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/
f34d232009-06-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  # From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20): # In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth # Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday # in September.
abd0a42009-11-15Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-11):
16a4ba2013-03-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # We have been able to confirm the August change with the Egyptian Cabinet
abd0a42009-11-15Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Information and Decision Support Center: # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html
16a4ba2013-03-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) #
abd0a42009-11-15Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # The Middle East News Agency # http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx # also reports "Egypt starts winter time on August 21"
16a4ba2013-03-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # today in article numbered "71, 11/08/2009 12:25 GMT."
abd0a42009-11-15Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Only the title above is available without a subscription to their service, # and can be found by searching for "winter" in their search engine # (at least today).
447cac2010-09-29Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-07-20):
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # According to News from Egypt - Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has
447cac2010-09-29Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # decided that Daylight Saving Time will not be used in Egypt during # Ramadan. # # Arabic translation:
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # "Clocks to go back during Ramadan - and then forward again"
447cac2010-09-29Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html
a5aab62014-05-15Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Ahmad El-Dardiry (2014-05-07): # Egypt is to change back to Daylight system on May 15 # http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/100735/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-government-to-reapply-daylight-saving-time-.aspx
5f6f972014-10-16Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Gunther Vermier (2014-05-13):
a5aab62014-05-15Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # our Egypt office confirms that the change will be at 15 May "midnight" (24:00)
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Imed Chihi (2014-06-04): # We have finally "located" a precise official reference about the DST changes # in Egypt. The Ministers Cabinet decision is explained at # http://www.cabinet.gov.eg/Media/CabinetMeetingsDetails.aspx?id=347 ... # [T]his (Arabic) site is not accessible outside Egypt, but the page ... # translates into: "With regard to daylight saving time, it is scheduled to # take effect at exactly twelve o'clock this evening, Thursday, 15 MAY 2014, # to be suspended by twelve o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 26 JUN 2014, # and re-established again at the end of the month of Ramadan, at twelve # o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 31 JUL 2014." This statement has been # reproduced by other (more accessible) sites[, e.g.,]... # http://elgornal.net/news/news.aspx?id=4699258 # From Paul Eggert (2014-06-04):
a5aab62014-05-15Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Sarah El Deeb and Lee Keath of AP report that the Egyptian government says # the change is because of blackouts in Cairo, even though Ahram Online (cited
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # above) says DST had no affect on electricity consumption. There is # no information about when DST will end this fall. See:
a5aab62014-05-15Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/el-sissi-pushes-egyptians-line-23614833
1eaa642015-04-16Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  # From Steffen Thorsen (2015-04-08): # Egypt will start DST on midnight after Thursday, April 30, 2015. # This is based on a law (no 35) from May 15, 2014 saying it starts the last # Thursday of April.... Clocks will still be turned back for Ramadan, but # dates not yet announced.... # http://almogaz.com/news/weird-news/2015/04/05/1947105 ... # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-starts-dst-2015.html
6c39362015-08-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Ahmed Nazmy (2015-04-20): # Egypt's ministers cabinet just announced ... that it will cancel DST at # least for 2015. # # From Tim Parenti (2015-04-20): # http://english.ahram.org.eg/WriterArticles/NewsContentP/1/128195/Egypt/No-daylight-saving-this-summer-Egypts-prime-minist.aspx # "Egypt's cabinet agreed on Monday not to switch clocks for daylight saving # time this summer, and carry out studies on the possibility of canceling the # practice altogether in future years." # # From Paul Eggert (2015-04-24): # Yesterday the office of Egyptian President El-Sisi announced his # decision to abandon DST permanently. See Ahram Online 2015-04-24. # http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/128509/Egypt/Politics-/Sisi-cancels-daylight-saving-time-in-Egypt.aspx
d5534d2016-06-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Steffen Thorsen (2016-04-29): # Egypt will have DST from July 7 until the end of October.... # http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContentP/1/204655/Egypt/Daylight-savings-time-returning-to-Egypt-on--July.aspx
01d0f12016-07-09Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Mina Samuel (2016-07-04): # Egyptian government took the decision to cancel the DST,
d5534d2016-06-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) 
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Egypt 2008 only - Aug lastThu 24:00 0 - Rule Egypt 2009 only - Aug 20 24:00 0 - Rule Egypt 2010 only - Aug 10 24:00 0 - Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep 9 24:00 1:00 S Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
a5aab62014-05-15Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Egypt 2014 only - May 15 24:00 1:00 S
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jun 26 24:00 0 - Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jul 31 24:00 1:00 S
6c39362015-08-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Egypt 2014 only - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
4ce88e2013-04-22Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:09 - LMT 1900 Oct
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  2:00 Egypt EE%sT # Equatorial Guinea
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Lagos.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Eritrea # Ethiopia
cf65c72014-11-13Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Nairobi.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Gabon
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Lagos.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Gambia
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Abidjan.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Ghana # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to "the present"; # Shanks & Pottenger say 1936 to 1942; # and September 1 to January 1 is given by: # Scott Keltie J, Epstein M (eds), The Statesman's Year-Book, # 57th ed. Macmillan, London (1920), OCLC 609408015, pp xxviii. # For lack of better info, assume DST was observed from 1920 to 1942. Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918 0:00 Ghana %s # Guinea
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Abidjan.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Guinea-Bissau
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # # Shanks gives 1911-05-26 for the transition to WAT, # evidently confusing the date of the Portuguese decree # http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf # with the date that it took effect, namely 1912-01-01. #
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  -1:00 - WAT 1975 0:00 - GMT # Kenya # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul 3:00 - EAT 1930 2:30 - BEAT 1940
ec45ab2011-10-21Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  2:45 - BEAUT 1960
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  3:00 - EAT
cf65c72014-11-13Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Addis_Ababa # Ethiopia Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Asmara # Eritrea Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Dar_es_Salaam # Tanzania Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Djibouti Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Kampala # Uganda Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Mogadishu # Somalia Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Antananarivo # Madagascar Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Comoro Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Mayotte
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Lesotho
5f6f972014-10-16Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Johannesburg.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Liberia
84701a2007-02-01Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch
2440ca2003-03-30Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # from a UTC offset that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Howse reports that it was in honor of their president's birthday.
84701a2007-02-01Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Shank & Pottenger report the date as May 1, whereas Howse reports Jan; # go with Shanks & Pottenger. # For Liberia before 1972, Shanks & Pottenger report -0:44, whereas Howse and # Whitman each report -0:44:30; go with the more precise figure.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882 -0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time -0:44:30 - LRT 1972 May # Liberia Time 0:00 - GMT ############################################################################### # Libya
4ce88e2013-04-22Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Even Scharning (2012-11-10): # Libya set their time one hour back at 02:00 on Saturday November 10. # http://www.libyaherald.com/2012/11/04/clocks-to-go-back-an-hour-on-saturday/ # Here is an official source [in Arabic]: http://ls.ly/fb6Yc # # Steffen Thorsen forwarded a translation (2012-11-10) in # http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2012-November/018451.html # # From Tim Parenti (2012-11-11): # Treat the 2012-11-10 change as a zone change from UTC+2 to UTC+1. # The DST rules planned for 2013 and onward roughly mirror those of Europe # (either two days before them or five days after them, so as to fall on # lastFri instead of lastSun).
93f75a2013-11-21Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Even Scharning (2013-10-25): # The scheduled end of DST in Libya on Friday, October 25, 2013 was # cancelled yesterday.... # http://www.libyaherald.com/2013/10/24/correction-no-time-change-tomorrow/ # # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-25):
dcfe412016-10-23Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # For now, assume they're reverting to the pre-2012 rules of permanent UT +02.
93f75a2013-11-21Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) 
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S Rule Libya 1952 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 - Rule Libya 1953 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S Rule Libya 1954 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 - Rule Libya 1955 only - Sep 30 0:00 1:00 S Rule Libya 1956 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 - Rule Libya 1982 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S Rule Libya 1982 1985 - Oct 1 0:00 0 - Rule Libya 1985 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S Rule Libya 1986 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S Rule Libya 1986 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 - Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
84701a2007-02-01Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
4ce88e2013-04-22Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Libya 1997 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S Rule Libya 1997 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 -
93f75a2013-11-21Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Libya 2013 only - Mar lastFri 1:00 1:00 S Rule Libya 2013 only - Oct lastFri 2:00 0 -
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959 2:00 - EET 1982 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
4ce88e2013-04-22Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # The 1996 and 1997 entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # the IATA SSIM data entries contain some obvious errors.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
4ce88e2013-04-22Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  1:00 Libya CE%sT 1997 Oct 4
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  2:00 - EET 2012 Nov 10 2:00 1:00 Libya CE%sT 2013 Oct 25 2:00
93f75a2013-11-21Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  2:00 - EET
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Madagascar
cf65c72014-11-13Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Nairobi.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Malawi
5f6f972014-10-16Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Maputo.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Mali # Mauritania
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Abidjan.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Mauritius
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25): # Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial # basis....
16a4ba2013-03-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # It seems that Mauritius observed daylight saving time from 1982-10-10 to
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # 1983-03-20 as well, but that was not successful.... # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-06-25): # http://economicdevelopment.gov.mu/portal/site/Mainhomepage/menuitem.a42b24128104d9845dabddd154508a0c/?content_id=0a7cee8b5d69a110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD # From Arthur David Olson (2008-06-30): # The www.timeanddate.com article cited by Steffen Thorsen notes that "A # final decision has yet to be made on the times that daylight saving # would begin and end on these dates." As a place holder, use midnight. # From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30): # Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger. # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10): # According to # http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216 # (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier # than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31). The new start # date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time # given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time).
16a4ba2013-03-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # # A little strange though, since the article says that they moved the date # to align itself with Europe and USA which also change time on that date, # but that means they have not paid attention to what happened in # USA/Canada last year (DST ends first Sunday in November). I also wonder # why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # changes two days later. # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11): # Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving
73e0b72015-08-15Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # time: Energy conservation?"- No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # published on Monday, June 30, 2008... # # I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # de l'heure d'été" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26 # and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one....
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html # From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03): # The Government of Mauritius weblink
be82612009-07-23Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows: # # 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly # of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in # Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of # the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United # States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the # last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on # the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # year 2008-2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # and end on 29 March 2009. # From Ed Maste (2008-10-07): # THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the # beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the # morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March. # http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf
abd0a42009-11-15Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-05): # According to several sources, Mauritius will not continue to observe # DST the coming summer... # # Some sources, in French: # http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB # http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints- # # Our wrap-up: # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html # From Arthur David Olson (2009-07-11):
16a4ba2013-03-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # The "mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat" wrapup includes this:
abd0a42009-11-15Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # "The trial ended on March 29, 2009, when the clocks moved back by one hour # at 2am (or 02:00) local time..."
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 S Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 -
abd0a42009-11-15Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 S Rule Mauritius 2009 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  4:00 Mauritius MU%sT # Mauritius Time
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Agalega Is, Rodriguez # no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius # Mayotte
cf65c72014-11-13Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Nairobi.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Morocco
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See the 'europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09): # Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between # 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008. # # "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will # be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Communication Minister and Government Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...."
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # # http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html # http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe # Presse:
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view # # Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt. # spokesman. # From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09): # According to this article: # http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # (and republished here: <http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html>) # the changes occur at midnight:
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) #
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Saturday night May 31st at midnight (which in French is to be # interpreted as the night between Saturday and Sunday) # Sunday night the 28th at midnight
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) #
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Seeing that the 28th is Monday, I am guessing that she intends to say # the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between Sunday and # Monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive # June 1st to Sept 27th.
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # # The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree # published on the web. # # It's also confirmed here: # http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # on a government portal as being between June 1st and Sept 27th (not yet # posted in English).
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) #
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # The following Google query will generate many relevant hits:
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27):
16a4ba2013-03-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31 # and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # of September: # # One article about it (in French): # http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default # # We have some further details posted here: # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html
f34d232009-06-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17): # Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according # to many sources, such as # http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html # http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312 # (French) # # Our summary: # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17): # Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre,
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Ministère de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics
f34d232009-06-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) #
73e0b72015-08-15Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 June 1967)
f34d232009-06-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of # Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be # advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight. # # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html
c4ff9d2010-05-12Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-04-13): # Several news media in Morocco report that the Ministry of Modernization # of Public Sectors has announced that Morocco will have DST from # 2010-05-02 to 2010-08-08. # # Example: # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html # (French) # Our page: # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html
fea1f12011-09-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30): # ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format)
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # The 3rd April 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd April 01:00:00 # The 31st July 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31st July 00:00:00
fea1f12011-09-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # ...Official links of change in morocco # The change was broadcast on the FM Radio # I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at # +212.537.71.84.00 # http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/ # They said that # http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view # is the official publication to look at. # They said that the decision was already taken. # # More articles in the press
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-leve.html
fea1f12011-09-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923 # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim # From Petr Machata (2011-03-30): # They have it written in English here: # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view # # It says there that "Morocco will resume its standard time on July 31, # 2011 at midnight." Now they don't say whether they mean midnight of # wall clock time (i.e. 11pm UTC), but that's what I would assume. It has # also been like that in the past.
03d5bb2012-04-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-03-09):
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # According to Infomédiaire web site from Morocco (infomediaire.ma), # on March 9, 2012, (in French) Heure légale: # Le Maroc adopte officiellement l'heure d'été
03d5bb2012-04-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9 # Governing Council adopted draft decree, that Morocco DST starts on # the last Sunday of March (March 25, 2012) and ends on # last Sunday of September (September 30, 2012) # except the month of Ramadan. # or (brief) # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-10): # The infomediaire.ma source indicates that the system is to be in # effect every year. It gives 03H00 as the "fall back" time of day; # it lacks a "spring forward" time of day; assume 2:00 XXX. # Wait on specifying the Ramadan exception for details about # start date, start time of day, end date, and end time of day XXX. # From Christophe Tropamer (2012-03-16): # Seen Morocco change again: # http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # "...à partir du dernier dimanche d'avril et non fins mars, # comme annoncé précédemment."
03d5bb2012-04-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) 
2a07312013-03-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Milamber Space Network (2012-07-17): # The official return to GMT is announced by the Moroccan government: # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288 [in French] # # Google translation, lightly edited: # Back to the standard time of the Kingdom (GMT) # Pursuant to Decree No. 2-12-126 issued on 26 Jumada (I) 1433 (April 18, # 2012) and in accordance with the order of Mr. President of the # Government No. 3-47-12 issued on 24 Sha'ban (11 July 2012), the Ministry # of Public Service and Administration Modernization announces the return # of the legal time of the Kingdom (GMT) from Friday, July 20, 2012 until # Monday, August 20, 2012. So the time will be delayed by 60 minutes from # 3:00 am Friday, July 20, 2012 and will again be advanced by 60 minutes # August 20, 2012 from 2:00 am.
4ce88e2013-04-22Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Paul Eggert (2013-03-06): # Morocco's daylight-saving transitions due to Ramadan seem to be # announced a bit in advance. On 2012-07-11 the Moroccan government # announced that year's Ramadan daylight-saving transitions would be # 2012-07-20 and 2012-08-20; see
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288
e34a322013-09-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  # From Andrew Paprocki (2013-07-02): # Morocco announced that the year's Ramadan daylight-savings # transitions would be 2013-07-07 and 2013-08-10; see: # http://www.maroc.ma/en/news/morocco-suspends-daylight-saving-time-july-7-aug10
93f75a2013-11-21Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-09-28): # Morocco extends DST by one month, on very short notice, just 1 day # before it was going to end. There is a new decree (2.13.781) for # this, where DST from now on goes from last Sunday of March at 02:00 # to last Sunday of October at 03:00, similar to EU rules. Official # source (French): # http://www.maroc.gov.ma/fr/actualites/lhoraire-dete-gmt1-maintenu-jusquau-27-octobre-2013 # Another source (specifying the time for start and end in the decree): # http://www.lemag.ma/Heure-d-ete-au-Maroc-jusqu-au-27-octobre_a75620.html
9bf28b2014-03-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Sebastien Willemijns (2014-03-18): # http://www.afriquinfos.com/articles/2014/3/18/maroc-heure-dete-avancez-tous-horloges-247891.asp
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Milamber Space Network (2014-06-05): # The Moroccan government has recently announced that the country will return # to standard time at 03:00 on Saturday, June 28, 2014 local time.... DST # will resume again at 02:00 on Saturday, August 2, 2014.... # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=586
6c39362015-08-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Milamber (2015-06-08): # (Google Translation) The hour will thus be delayed 60 minutes # Sunday, June 14 at 3:00, the ministry said in a statement, adding # that the time will be advanced again 60 minutes Sunday, July 19, # 2015 at 2:00. The move comes under 2.12.126 Decree of 26 Jumada I # 1433 (18 April 2012) and the decision of the Head of Government of # 16 N. 3-29-15 Chaaban 1435 (4 June 2015). # Source (french): # http://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/ # # From Milamber (2015-06-09): # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=863 # # From Michael Deckers (2015-06-09): # [The gov.ma announcement] would (probably) make the switch on 2015-07-19 go # from 03:00 to 04:00 rather than from 02:00 to 03:00, as in the patch.... # I think the patch is correct and the quoted text is wrong; the text in # <http://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/> agrees # with the patch. # From Paul Eggert (2015-06-08): # For now, guess that later spring and fall transitions will use 2015's rules,
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # and guess that Morocco will switch to standard time at 03:00 the last
6c39362015-08-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Sunday before Ramadan, and back to DST at 02:00 the first Sunday after # Ramadan. To implement this, transition dates for 2016 through 2037 were
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # determined by running the following program under GNU Emacs 24.3, with the # results integrated by hand into the table below.
6c39362015-08-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # (let ((islamic-year 1437)) # (require 'cal-islam)
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # (while (< islamic-year 1460) # (let ((a (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 9 1 islamic-year))) # (b (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 10 1 islamic-year)))
6c39362015-08-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # (sunday 0)) # (while (/= sunday (mod (setq a (1- a)) 7))) # (while (/= sunday (mod b 7))
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # (setq b (1+ b))) # (setq a (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute a)) # (setq b (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute b)) # (insert # (format # (concat "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t 3:00\t0\t-\n" # "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t 2:00\t1:00\tS\n") # (car (cdr (cdr a))) (calendar-month-name (car a) t) (car (cdr a)) # (car (cdr (cdr b))) (calendar-month-name (car b) t) (car (cdr b)))))
4ce88e2013-04-22Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # (setq islamic-year (+ 1 islamic-year))))
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) 
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 - Rule Morocco 1940 only - Feb 25 0:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 1945 only - Nov 18 0:00 0 - Rule Morocco 1950 only - Jun 11 0:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 1950 only - Oct 29 0:00 0 - Rule Morocco 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 - Rule Morocco 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 - Rule Morocco 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 - Rule Morocco 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 - Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Morocco 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 2008 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
f34d232009-06-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Morocco 2009 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Morocco 2009 only - Aug 21 0:00 0 -
c4ff9d2010-05-12Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Morocco 2010 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 2010 only - Aug 8 0:00 0 -
fea1f12011-09-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Morocco 2011 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S
d5534d2016-06-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Morocco 2011 only - Jul 31 0:00 0 -
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Morocco 2012 2013 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 2012 only - Jul 20 3:00 0 - Rule Morocco 2012 only - Aug 20 2:00 1:00 S
d5534d2016-06-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Morocco 2012 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Morocco 2013 only - Jul 7 3:00 0 - Rule Morocco 2013 only - Aug 10 2:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 2013 max - Oct lastSun 3:00 0 -
6c39362015-08-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Morocco 2014 2021 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Morocco 2014 only - Jun 28 3:00 0 - Rule Morocco 2014 only - Aug 2 2:00 1:00 S
6c39362015-08-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jun 14 3:00 0 - Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jul 19 2:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jun 5 3:00 0 - Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jul 10 2:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 2017 only - May 21 3:00 0 - Rule Morocco 2017 only - Jul 2 2:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 2018 only - May 13 3:00 0 - Rule Morocco 2018 only - Jun 17 2:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 2019 only - May 5 3:00 0 - Rule Morocco 2019 only - Jun 9 2:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 2020 only - Apr 19 3:00 0 - Rule Morocco 2020 only - May 24 2:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 2021 only - Apr 11 3:00 0 - Rule Morocco 2021 only - May 16 2:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 2022 only - May 8 2:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 2023 only - Apr 23 2:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 2024 only - Apr 14 2:00 1:00 S Rule Morocco 2025 only - Apr 6 2:00 1:00 S
8b89bc2014-06-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Morocco 2026 max - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
6c39362015-08-14Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Morocco 2036 only - Oct 19 3:00 0 - Rule Morocco 2037 only - Oct 4 3:00 0 -
03d5bb2012-04-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) 
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26 0:00 Morocco WE%sT 1984 Mar 16 1:00 - CET 1986
ecc1102009-03-20Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  0:00 Morocco WE%sT
93f75a2013-11-21Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) 
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Western Sahara
93f75a2013-11-21Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # # From Gwillim Law (2013-10-22): # A correspondent who is usually well informed about time zone matters # ... says that Western Sahara observes daylight saving time, just as # Morocco does. # # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-23): # Assume that this has been true since Western Sahara switched to GMT, # since most of it was then controlled by Morocco.
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan # El Aaiún
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  -1:00 - WAT 1976 Apr 14
93f75a2013-11-21Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  0:00 Morocco WE%sT
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Mozambique
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # # Shanks gives 1903-03-01 for the transition to CAT. # Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree # http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf # merely made it official? #
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar 2:00 - CAT
5f6f972014-10-16Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Blantyre # Malawi Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Bujumbura # Burundi Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Gaborone # Botswana Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Harare # Zimbabwe Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Kigali # Rwanda Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lubumbashi # E Dem. Rep. of Congo Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lusaka # Zambia
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Namibia
84701a2007-02-01Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger. # Shanks & Pottenger report no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA.
ca883b2008-04-03Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) 
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30): # http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html
ca883b2008-04-03Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other # settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there # rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of # Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of # the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest # of the country.
16a4ba2013-03-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) #
ca883b2008-04-03Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Paul Eggert (2007-03-31): # Apparently the Caprivi Strip informally observes Botswana time, but # we have no details. In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  1:30 - SWAT 1903 Mar # SW Africa Time 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence 2:00 - CAT 1994 Apr 3 1:00 Namibia WA%sT # Niger
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Lagos.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Nigeria # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep 1:00 - WAT
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Bangui # Central African Republic Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Brazzaville # Rep. of the Congo Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Douala # Cameroon Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Kinshasa # Dem. Rep. of the Congo (west) Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Libreville # Gabon Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Luanda # Angola Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Malabo # Equatorial Guinea Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Niamey # Niger Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Porto-Novo # Benin
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) 
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Réunion
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  4:00 - RET # Réunion Time
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) #
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Crozet Islands also observes Réunion time; see the 'antarctica' file. # # Scattered Islands (Îles Éparses) administered from Réunion are as follows.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # The following information about them is taken from
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Îles Éparses (<http://www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm>, 1997-07-22, # in French; no longer available as of 1999-08-17).
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # We have no info about their time zone histories. # # Bassas da India - uninhabited # Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families # Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958 # Juan de Nova - uninhabited # Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958 # Rwanda
5f6f972014-10-16Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Maputo.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # St Helena
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Abidjan.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar: # Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Ascension: on GMT, say the USNO (1995-12-21) and the CIA
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously): # on GMT, says the CIA
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Inaccessible, Nightingale: uninhabited
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) 
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # São Tomé and Príncipe
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Senegal
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Abidjan.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Seychelles # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  4:00 - SCT # Seychelles Time
2440ca2003-03-30Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30): # Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the # Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory # in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know # whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now. # Possibly the islands were uninhabited.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Sierra Leone
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Abidjan.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Somalia
cf65c72014-11-13Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Nairobi.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # South Africa # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S Rule SA 1942 1943 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 - Rule SA 1943 1944 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 - LMT 1892 Feb 8 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar 2:00 SA SAST
5f6f972014-10-16Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Maseru # Lesotho Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Mbabane # Swaziland #
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Marion and Prince Edward Is # scientific station since 1947 # no information # Sudan #
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From <http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html> # Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13), # also reported by Michaël De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon # Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for # Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin. # # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 - Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00 3:00 - EAT
ec45ab2011-10-21Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # South Sudan
93f75a2013-11-21Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Link Africa/Khartoum Africa/Juba
ec45ab2011-10-21Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) 
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Swaziland
5f6f972014-10-16Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Johannesburg.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Tanzania
cf65c72014-11-13Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Nairobi.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Togo
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Abidjan.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Tunisia
84701a2007-02-01Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  # From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30):
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # My correspondent, Risto Nykänen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,
84701a2007-02-01Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News # <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP # and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by # one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be # UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next # Saturday." (My translation) # # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02):
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # La Presse, the first national daily newspaper ...
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html
84701a2007-02-01Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30, # 1h standard time. # # From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28): # The daylight saving time will be the same each year: # Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00 # Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ... # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50
f34d232009-06-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16): # According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year. # (Arabic) # http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546 # http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp # # We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia. # We have a wrap-up about this on the following page: # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17): # Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency # # Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn): # # (in English) # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157 # # (in Arabic) # http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1
dc03802014-08-18Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Arthur David Olson (2009-03-18): # The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is # due to the fact that the fasting month of Ramadan coincides with the period # concerned by summer time. Therefore, the standard time will be kept # unchanged the whole year long." So foregoing DST seems to be an exception # (albeit one that may be repeated in the future).
f34d232009-06-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) 
c4ff9d2010-05-12Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-27): # According to some news reports Tunis confirmed not to use DST in 2010 # # (translation): # "The Tunisian government has decided to abandon DST, which was scheduled on # Sunday... # Tunisian authorities had suspended the DST for the first time last year also # coincided with the month of Ramadan..." # # (in Arabic) # http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1 # http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 - Rule Tunisia 1940 only - Feb 25 23:00s 1:00 S Rule Tunisia 1941 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 - Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Mar 9 0:00 1:00 S Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 - Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 S Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 17 2:00 0 - Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 25 2:00 1:00 S Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 - Rule Tunisia 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S Rule Tunisia 1944 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 - Rule Tunisia 1945 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 - Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Apr 30 0:00s 1:00 S Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Sep 24 0:00s 0 - Rule Tunisia 1978 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S Rule Tunisia 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 - Rule Tunisia 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S Rule Tunisia 1988 1990 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 - Rule Tunisia 1989 only - Mar 26 0:00s 1:00 S Rule Tunisia 1990 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
84701a2007-02-01Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Tunisia 2005 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S Rule Tunisia 2005 only - Sep 30 1:00s 0 -
f34d232009-06-28Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
c4ff9d2010-05-12Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) 
84701a2007-02-01Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's # more precise 0:09:21. # Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland) # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
1e27ed2014-09-04Henrik Grubbström (Grubba)  0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  1:00 Tunisia CE%sT # Uganda
cf65c72014-11-13Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Nairobi.
c0dbee2000-08-01Mirar (Pontus Hagland)  # Zambia # Zimbabwe
5f6f972014-10-16Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) # See Africa/Maputo.