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2017-11-17

2017-11-17 18:12:41 by Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) <grubba@grubba.org>

Updated to 2017c.

26:   #   # For data circa 1899, a common source is:   # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94. - # http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359 + # https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359   #   # For Russian data circa 1919, a source is:   # Byalokoz EL. New Counting of Time in Russia since July 1, 1919.
75:   Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule RussiaAsia 1984 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule RussiaAsia 1985 2011 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S - Rule RussiaAsia 1996 2011 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 - + Rule RussiaAsia 1985 2010 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S + Rule RussiaAsia 1996 2010 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -      # Afghanistan   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
109:   # or   # (brief)   # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_armenia03.html + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Armenia 2011 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S + Rule Armenia 2011 only - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Yerevan 2:58:00 - LMT 1924 May 2    3:00 - +03 1957 Mar    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 1995 Sep 24 2:00s    4:00 - +04 1997 -  4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 +  4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 2011 +  4:00 Armenia +04/+05      # Azerbaijan   
127:   # From Steffen Thorsen (2016-03-17):   # ... the Azerbaijani Cabinet of Ministers has cancelled switching to   # daylight saving time.... - # http://www.azernews.az/azerbaijan/94137.html + # https://www.azernews.az/azerbaijan/94137.html   # http://vestnikkavkaza.net/news/Azerbaijani-Cabinet-of-Ministers-cancels-daylight-saving-time.html   # http://en.apa.az/xeber_azerbaijan_abolishes_daylight_savings_ti_240862.html   
168:   # the 19th and 20th, and they have not set the end date yet.   #   # Some sources: - # http://in.reuters.com/article/southAsiaNews/idINIndia-40017620090601 + # https://in.reuters.com/article/southAsiaNews/idINIndia-40017620090601   # http://bdnews24.com/details.php?id=85889&cid=2   #   # Our wrap-up: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/bangladesh-daylight-saving-2009.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/bangladesh-daylight-saving-2009.html      # From A. N. M. Kamrus Saadat (2009-06-15):   # Finally we've got the official mail regarding DST start time where DST start
258:      # Milne says 6:24:40 was the meridian of the time ball observatory at Rangoon.    + # From Paul Eggert (2017-04-20): + # Page 27 of Reed & Low (cited for Asia/Kolkata) says "Rangoon local time is + # used upon the railways and telegraphs of Burma, and is 6h. 24m. 47s. ahead + # of Greenwich." This refers to the period before Burma's transition to +0630, + # a transition for which Shanks is the only source. +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Yangon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Rangoon -  6:24:40 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon Mean Time? + Zone Asia/Yangon 6:24:47 - LMT 1880 # or Rangoon +  6:24:47 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon local time    6:30 - +0630 1942 May    9:00 - +09 1945 May 3    6:30 - +0630
317:   #   # From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2006-07-14):   # I have investigated the timezones around 1970 on the - # http://www.astro.com/atlas site [with provinces and county + # https://www.astro.com/atlas site [with provinces and county   # boundaries summarized below].... A few other exceptions were two   # counties on the Sichuan side of the Xizang-Sichuan border,   # counties Dege and Baiyu which lies on the Sichuan side and are
469:      # From David Cochrane (2014-03-26):   # Just a confirmation that Ürümqi time was implemented in Ürümqi on 1 Feb 1986: - # http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,960684,00.html + # https://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,960684,00.html      # From Luther Ma (2014-04-22):   # I have interviewed numerous people of various nationalities and from
626:   # (both in Okinawa) adopt the Western Standard Time which is based on   # 120E. The adoption began from Jan 1, 1896. The original text can be   # found on Wikisource: - # http://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/標準時ニ關スル件_(公布時) + # https://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/標準時ニ關スル件_(公布時)   # ... This could be the first adoption of time zone in Taiwan, because   # during the Qing Dynasty, it seems that there was no time zone   # declared officially.
639:   # territory, including later occupations, adopt Japan Central Time   # (UTC+9). The adoption began on Oct 1, 1937. The original text can   # be found on Wikisource: - # http://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/明治二十八年勅令第百六十七號標準時ニ關スル件中改正ノ件 + # https://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/明治二十八年勅令第百六十七號標準時ニ關スル件中改正ノ件   #   # That is, the time zone of Taipei switched to UTC+9 on Oct 1, 1937.   
775:   # Looks like the time zone split in Cyprus went through last night.   # http://cyprus-mail.com/2016/10/30/cyprus-new-division-two-time-zones-now-reality/    + # From Paul Eggert (2017-10-18): + # Northern Cyprus will reinstate winter time on October 29, thus + # staying in sync with the rest of Cyprus. See: Anastasiou A. + # Cyprus to remain united in time. Cyprus Mail 2017-10-17. + # https://cyprus-mail.com/2017/10/17/cyprus-remain-united-time/ +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Apr 13 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Oct 12 0:00 0 -
792:   Zone Asia/Famagusta 2:15:48 - LMT 1921 Nov 14    2:00 Cyprus EE%sT 1998 Sep    2:00 EUAsia EE%sT 2016 Sep 8 -  3:00 - +03 +  3:00 - +03 2017 Oct 29 1:00u +  2:00 EUAsia EE%sT      # Classically, Cyprus belongs to Asia; e.g. see Herodotus, Histories, I.72.   # However, for various reasons many users expect to find it under Europe.
852:      # From João Carrascalão, brother of the former governor of East Timor, in   # East Timor may be late for its millennium - # <http://etan.org/et99c/december/26-31/30ETMAY.htm> (1999-12-26/31): + # <https://etan.org/et99c/december/26-31/30ETMAY.htm> (1999-12-26/31):   # Portugal tried to change the time forward in 1974 because the sun   # rises too early but the suggestion raised a lot of problems with the   # Timorese and I still don't think it would work today because it
880:   # India      # From Ian P. Beacock, in "A brief history of (modern) time", The Atlantic - # http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/12/the-creation-of-modern-time/421419/ + # https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/12/the-creation-of-modern-time/421419/   # (2015-12-22):   # In January 1906, several thousand cotton-mill workers rioted on the   # outskirts of Bombay.... They were protesting the proposed abolition of   # local time in favor of Indian Standard Time.... Journalists called this   # dispute the "Battle of the Clocks." It lasted nearly half a century.    -  + # From Paul Eggert (2017-04-20): + # Good luck trying to nail down old timekeeping records in India. + # "... in the nineteenth century ... Madras Observatory took its magnetic + # measurements on Göttingen time, its meteorological measurements on Madras + # (local) time, dropped its time ball on Greenwich (ocean navigator's) time, + # and distributed civil (local time)." -- Bartky IR. Selling the true time: + # 19th-century timekeeping in america. Stanford U Press (2000), 247 note 19. + # "A more potent cause of resistance to the general adoption of the present + # standard time lies in the fact that it is Madras time. The citizen of + # Bombay, proud of being 'primus in Indis' and of Calcutta, equally proud of + # his city being the Capital of India, and - for a part of the year - the Seat + # of the Supreme Government, alike look down on Madras, and refuse to change + # the time they are using, for that of what they regard as a benighted + # Presidency; while Madras, having for long given the standard time to the + # rest of India, would resist the adoption of any other Indian standard in its + # place." -- Oldham RD. On Time in India: a suggestion for its improvement. + # Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (April 1899), 49-55. + # + # "In 1870 ... Madras time - 'now used by the telegraph and regulated from the + # only government observatory' - was suggested as a standard railway time, + # first to be adopted on the Great Indian Peninsular Railway (GIPR).... + # Calcutta, Bombay, and Karachi, were to be allowed to continue with their + # local time for civil purposes." - Prasad R. Tracks of Change: Railways and + # Everyday Life in Colonial India. Cambridge University Press (2016), 145. + # + # Reed S, Low F. The Indian Year Book 1936-37. Bennett, Coleman, pp 27-8. + # https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.282212 + # This lists +052110 as Madras local time used in railways, and says that on + # 1906-01-01 railways and telegraphs in India switched to +0530. Some + # municipalities retained their former time, and the time in Calcutta + # continued to depend on whether you were at the railway station or at + # government offices. Government time was at +055320 (according to Shanks) or + # at +0554 (according to the Indian Year Book). Railway time is more + # appropriate for our purposes, as it was better documented, it is what we do + # elsewhere (e.g., Europe/London before 1880), and after 1906 it was + # consistent in the region now identified by Asia/Kolkata. So, use railway + # time for 1870-1941. Shanks is our only (and dubious) source for the + # 1941-1945 data. +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata -  5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time? -  6:30 - +0630 1942 May 15 + Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1854 Jun 28 # Kolkata +  5:53:20 - HMT 1870 # Howrah Mean Time? +  5:21:10 - MMT 1906 Jan 1 # Madras local time +  5:30 - IST 1941 Oct +  5:30 1:00 +0630 1942 May 15    5:30 - IST 1942 Sep    5:30 1:00 +0630 1945 Oct 15    5:30 - IST - # The following are like Asia/Kolkata: + # Since 1970 the following are like Asia/Kolkata:   # Andaman Is   # Lakshadweep (Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Is)   # Nicobar Is
1036:   # From Reuters (2007-09-16), with a heads-up from Jesper Nørgaard Welen:   # ... the Guardian Council ... approved a law on Sunday to re-introduce   # daylight saving time ... - # http://uk.reuters.com/article/oilRpt/idUKBLA65048420070916 + # https://uk.reuters.com/article/oilRpt/idUKBLA65048420070916   #   # From Roozbeh Pournader (2007-11-05):   # This is quoted from Official Gazette of the Islamic Republic of
1135:   # http://www.aswataliraq.info/look/article.tpl?id=2047&IdLanguage=17&IdPublication=4&NrArticle=71743&NrIssue=1&NrSection=10   #   # We have published a short article in English about the change: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/iraq-dumps-daylight-saving.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/iraq-dumps-daylight-saving.html      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Iraq 1982 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
1443:   # From Yu-Cheng Chuang (2013-07-12):   # ...the Meiji Emperor announced Ordinance No. 167 of Meiji Year 28 "The clause   # about standard time" ... The adoption began from Jan 1, 1896. - # http://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/標準時ニ關スル件_(公布時) + # https://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/標準時ニ關スル件_(公布時)   #   # ...the Showa Emperor announced Ordinance No. 529 of Showa Year 12 ... which   # means the whole Japan territory, including later occupations, adopt Japan   # Central Time (UTC+9). The adoption began on Oct 1, 1937. - # http://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/明治二十八年勅令第百六十七號標準時ニ關スル件中改正ノ件 + # https://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/明治二十八年勅令第百六十七號標準時ニ關スル件中改正ノ件      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Tokyo 9:18:59 - LMT 1887 Dec 31 15:00u
1510:   # Official, in Arabic:   # http://www.petra.gov.jo/public_news/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?Menu_ID=&Site_Id=2&lang=1&NewsID=133230&CatID=14   # ... Our background/permalink about it - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/jordan-reverses-dst-decision.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/jordan-reverses-dst-decision.html   # ...   # http://www.petra.gov.jo/Public_News/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?lang=2&site_id=1&NewsID=133313&Type=P   # ... says midnight for the coming one and 1:00 for the ones in the future
1868:   # between 1987 and 1988 ...      # From Sanghyuk Jung (2014-10-29): - # http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-October/021830.html + # https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-October/021830.html   # According to the Korean Wikipedia - # http://ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/한국_표준시 + # https://ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/한국_표준시   # [oldid=12896437 2014-09-04 08:03 UTC]   # DST in Republic of Korea was as follows.... And I checked old   # newspapers in Korean, all articles correspond with data in Wikipedia.
2092:   # +08:00 instead. Different sources appear to disagree with the tz   # database on this, e.g.:   # - # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=1026 + # https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=1026   # http://www.worldtimeserver.com/current_time_in_MN.aspx   #   # both say GMT+08:00.
2222:   # help reduce load shedding by approving the closure of commercial centres at   # 9pm and moving clocks forward by one hour for the next three months. ...."   # - # http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan01.html + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan01.html   # http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008%5C05%5C15%5Cstory_15-5-2008_pg1_4      # From Arthur David Olson (2008-05-19):
2288:   #   # We have confirmed this year's end date with both with the Ministry of   # Water and Power and the Pakistan Electric Power Company: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/pakistan-ends-dst09.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/pakistan-ends-dst09.html      # From Christoph Göhre (2009-10-01):   # [T]he German Consulate General in Karachi reported me today that Pakistan
2470:   #   # We are not sure if Gaza will do the same, last year they had a different   # end date, we will keep this page updated: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-dst-2009.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-dst-2009.html      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-09-02):   # Seems that Gaza Strip will go back to Winter Time same date as West Bank.
2508:   # the clocks were set back one hour at 2010-08-11 00:00:00 local time in   # Gaza and the West Bank.   # Some more background info: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-end-dst-2010.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-end-dst-2010.html      # From Steffen Thorsen (2011-08-26):   # Gaza and the West Bank did go back to standard time in the beginning of
2518:   #   # http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=416217   # Additional info: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/palestine-dst-2011.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/palestine-dst-2011.html      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-08-27):   # According to the article in The Jerusalem Post:
2528:   # The Hamas government said on Saturday that it won't observe summertime after   # the Muslim feast of Id al-Fitr, which begins on Tuesday..."   # ... - # http://www.jpost.com/MiddleEast/Article.aspx?id=235650 + # https://www.jpost.com/MiddleEast/Article.aspx?id=235650   # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_gazastrip05.html   # The rules for Egypt are stolen from the 'africa' file.   
2549:   # http://safa.ps/details/news/74352/%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%A1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B6%D9%81%D8%A9-%D9%88%D8%BA%D8%B2%D8%A9-%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%84%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%A9.html   #   # Our brief summary: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/gaza-west-bank-dst-2012.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/gaza-west-bank-dst-2012.html      # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-03-26):   # The following news sources tells that Palestine will "start daylight saving
2569:      # From Steffen Thorsen (2015-03-03):   # Sources such as http://www.alquds.com/news/article/view/id/548257 - # and http://www.raya.ps/ar/news/890705.html say Palestine areas will + # and https://www.raya.ps/ar/news/890705.html say Palestine areas will   # start DST on 2015-03-28 00:00 which is one day later than expected.   #   # From Paul Eggert (2015-03-03): - # http://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/west-bank/ramallah?year=2014 + # https://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/west-bank/ramallah?year=2014   # says that the fall 2014 transition was Oct 23 at 24:00.      # From Hannah Kreitem (2016-03-09):
2597:   #   # From Paul Eggert (2016-10-19):   # It's also consistent with predictions in the following URLs today: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/gaza-strip/gaza - # http://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/west-bank/hebron + # https://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/gaza-strip/gaza + # https://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/west-bank/hebron      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule EgyptAsia 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
2661:   # Philippines, issued a proclamation announcing that 1844-12-30 was to   # be immediately followed by 1845-01-01; see R.H. van Gent's   # History of the International Date Line - # http://www.staff.science.uu.nl/~gent0113/idl/idl_philippines.htm + # https://www.staff.science.uu.nl/~gent0113/idl/idl_philippines.htm   # The rest of the data entries are from Shanks & Pottenger.      # From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2006-04-26):
2925:   # We have not found any sources saying anything about when DST ends this year.   #   # Our summary - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-starts-march-27-2009.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-starts-march-27-2009.html      # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-10-27):   # The Syrian Arab News Network on 2009-09-29 reported that Syria will
2952:   # http://www.sana.sy/ara/2/2012/03/26/408215.htm   #   # Our brief summary: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-2012.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-2012.html      # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-27):   # Assume last Friday in March going forward XXX.
3035:   # is quoted verbatim in:   # http://www.thoigian.com.vn/?mPage=P80D01   # is translated by Brian Inglis in: - # http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-October/021654.html + # https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-October/021654.html   # and is the basis for the information below.   #   # The 1906 transition was effective July 1 and standardized Indochina to