Branch: Tag:

2007-02-01

2007-02-01 14:18:48 by Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) <grubba@grubba.org>

Updated to ftp://elsie.nci.nih.gov/pub/tzdata2007a.tar.gz.

Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:1.4
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/antarctica:1.3
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1.6
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:1.6
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/backward:1.5
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/etcetera:1.3
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1.6
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/factory:1.2
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/iso3166.tab:1.4
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/leapseconds:1.3
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:1.6
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/pacificnew:1.2
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/solar87:1.2
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/solar88:1.2
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/solar89:1.2
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/southamerica:1.6
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/systemv:1.3
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/yearistype.sh:1.4
Rev: lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/zone.tab:1.6

1: - # @(#)australasia 7.68 + # @(#)australasia 8.5 + # <pre> +    # This file also includes Pacific islands.      # Notes are at the end of this file
27:    9:00 - CST 1899 May    9:30 Aus CST   # Western Australia + # + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule AW 1974 only - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - + Rule AW 1975 only - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - + Rule AW 1983 only - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - + Rule AW 1984 only - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - + Rule AW 1991 only - Nov 17 2:00s 1:00 - + Rule AW 1992 only - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - + Rule AW 2006 only - Dec 3 2:00s 1:00 - + Rule AW 2007 2009 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - + Rule AW 2007 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -   Zone Australia/Perth 7:43:24 - LMT 1895 Dec    8:00 Aus WST 1943 Jul -  8:00 - WST 1974 Oct lastSun 2:00s -  8:00 1:00 WST 1975 Mar Sun>=1 2:00s -  8:00 - WST 1983 Oct lastSun 2:00s -  8:00 1:00 WST 1984 Mar Sun>=1 2:00s -  8:00 - WST 1991 Nov 17 2:00s -  8:00 1:00 WST 1992 Mar Sun>=1 2:00s -  8:00 - WST +  8:00 AW WST + Zone Australia/Eucla 8:35:28 - LMT 1895 Dec +  8:45 Aus CWST 1943 Jul +  8:45 AW CWST +    # Queensland   # - # From Alex Livingston <alex@agsm.unsw.edu.au> (1996-11-01): + # From Alex Livingston (1996-11-01):   # I have heard or read more than once that some resort islands off the coast   # of Queensland chose to keep observing daylight-saving time even after   # Queensland ceased to.
77:   Rule AS 1992 only - Mar Sun>=18 2:00s 0 -   Rule AS 1993 only - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -   Rule AS 1994 only - Mar Sun>=18 2:00s 0 - - Rule AS 1995 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - + Rule AS 1995 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - + Rule AS 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - + Rule AS 2007 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Australia/Adelaide 9:14:20 - LMT 1895 Feb    9:00 - CST 1899 May
85:    9:30 AS CST      # Tasmania + # + # From Paul Eggert (2005-08-16): + # <http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/dst_times.shtml> + # says King Island didn't observe DST from WWII until late 1971. + #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule AT 1967 only - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 -   Rule AT 1968 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -
99:   Rule AT 1987 only - Oct Sun>=22 2:00s 1:00 -   Rule AT 1988 1990 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -   Rule AT 1991 1999 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AT 1991 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - + Rule AT 1991 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -   Rule AT 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -   Rule AT 2001 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 - -  + Rule AT 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - + Rule AT 2007 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Australia/Hobart 9:49:16 - LMT 1895 Sep    10:00 - EST 1916 Oct 1 2:00    10:00 1:00 EST 1917 Feb    10:00 Aus EST 1967    10:00 AT EST -  + Zone Australia/Currie 9:35:28 - LMT 1895 Sep +  10:00 - EST 1916 Oct 1 2:00 +  10:00 1:00 EST 1917 Feb +  10:00 Aus EST 1971 Jul +  10:00 AT EST      # Victoria   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
118:   Rule AV 1986 1987 - Oct Sun>=15 2:00s 1:00 -   Rule AV 1988 1999 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -   Rule AV 1991 1994 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AV 1995 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - + Rule AV 1995 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -   Rule AV 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -   Rule AV 2001 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - -  + Rule AV 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - + Rule AV 2007 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Australia/Melbourne 9:39:52 - LMT 1895 Feb    10:00 Aus EST 1971
137:   Rule AN 1986 only - Oct 19 2:00s 1:00 -   Rule AN 1987 1999 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -   Rule AN 1990 1995 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AN 1996 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - + Rule AN 1996 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -   Rule AN 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -   Rule AN 2001 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - -  + Rule AN 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - + Rule AN 2007 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Australia/Sydney 10:04:52 - LMT 1895 Feb    10:00 Aus EST 1971
160:   Rule LH 1986 only - Oct 19 2:00 0:30 -   Rule LH 1987 1999 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0:30 -   Rule LH 1990 1995 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00 0 - - Rule LH 1996 max - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 - + Rule LH 1996 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -   Rule LH 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00 0:30 -   Rule LH 2001 max - Oct lastSun 2:00 0:30 - -  + Rule LH 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 - + Rule LH 2007 max - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -   Zone Australia/Lord_Howe 10:36:20 - LMT 1895 Feb    10:00 - EST 1981 Mar    10:30 LH LHST
171:   #   # Ashmore Is, Cartier   # no indigenous inhabitants; only seasonal caretakers - # like Australia/Perth, says Turner + # no times are set   #   # Coral Sea Is   # no indigenous inhabitants; only meteorologists - # no information + # no times are set   #   # Macquarie   # permanent occupation (scientific station) since 1948;   # sealing and penguin oil station operated 1888/1917 - # like Australia/Hobart, says Turner + # like Australia/Hobart      # Christmas   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
188:    7:00 - CXT # Christmas Island Time      # Cook Is - # From Shanks: + # From Shanks & Pottenger:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Cook 1978 only - Nov 12 0:00 0:30 HS   Rule Cook 1979 1991 - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 -
199:    -10:00 Cook CK%sT      # Cocos - # From USNO (1989): + # These islands were ruled by the Ross family from about 1830 to 1978. + # We don't know when standard time was introduced; for now, we guess 1900.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Indian/Cocos 6:30 - CCT # Cocos Islands Time + Zone Indian/Cocos 6:27:40 - LMT 1900 +  6:30 - CCT # Cocos Islands Time      # Fiji   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
262:      # Micronesia   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Pacific/Yap 9:12:32 - LMT 1901 # Colonia -  9:00 - YAPT 1969 Oct # Yap Time -  10:00 - YAPT +    Zone Pacific/Truk 10:07:08 - LMT 1901    10:00 - TRUT # Truk Time   Zone Pacific/Ponape 10:32:52 - LMT 1901 # Kolonia
287:   Rule NC 1977 1978 - Dec Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule NC 1978 1979 - Feb 27 0:00 0 -   Rule NC 1996 only - Dec 1 2:00s 1:00 S - # Shanks says the following was at 2:00; go with IATA. + # Shanks & Pottenger say the following was at 2:00; go with IATA.   Rule NC 1997 only - Mar 2 2:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Pacific/Noumea 11:05:48 - LMT 1912 Jan 13
297:   ###############################################################################      # New Zealand - # - # From Paul Eggert (2002-10-23): - # The Department of Internal Affairs (DIA) maintains a brief history; - # see tz-link.htm for the full reference. - # - # Shanks gives 1868 for the introduction of standard time; go with the - # DIA's more-precise 1868-11-02. The DIA says that clocks were - # advanced by half an hour in 1941; go with Shanks's more-precise - # 1940-09-29 02:00. The DIA says that starting in 1933 DST began the - # first Sunday in September; go with Shanks's last Sunday starting in - # 1934. +       # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - # Shanks gives 1927 Nov 6 - 1928 Mar 4, 1928 Oct 14 - 1929 Mar 17, - # 1929 Oct 13 - 1930 Mar 16; go with Whitman. - Rule NZ 1927 only - Nov 26 2:00 0:30 HD - Rule NZ 1928 1929 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00 0 S - Rule NZ 1928 only - Nov 4 2:00 0:30 HD - Rule NZ 1929 only - Oct 30 2:00 0:30 HD - Rule NZ 1930 1933 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 S - Rule NZ 1930 1933 - Oct Sun>=8 2:00 0:30 HD - # Whitman says DST went on and off during war years, and the base UT offset - # didn't change until 1945 Apr 30; go with Shanks. - Rule NZ 1934 1940 - Apr lastSun 2:00 0 S - Rule NZ 1934 1939 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0:30 HD + Rule NZ 1927 only - Nov 6 2:00 1:00 S + Rule NZ 1928 only - Mar 4 2:00 0 M + Rule NZ 1928 1933 - Oct Sun>=8 2:00 0:30 S + Rule NZ 1929 1933 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 M + Rule NZ 1934 1940 - Apr lastSun 2:00 0 M + Rule NZ 1934 1940 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0:30 S + Rule NZ 1946 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 S + # Since 1957 Chatham has been 45 minutes ahead of NZ, but there's no + # convenient notation for this so we must duplicate the Rule lines.   Rule NZ 1974 only - Nov Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D -  + Rule Chatham 1974 only - Nov Sun>=1 2:45s 1:00 D   Rule NZ 1975 only - Feb lastSun 2:00s 0 S -  + Rule Chatham 1975 only - Feb lastSun 2:45s 0 S   Rule NZ 1975 1988 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D -  + Rule Chatham 1975 1988 - Oct lastSun 2:45s 1:00 D   Rule NZ 1976 1989 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S -  + Rule Chatham 1976 1989 - Mar Sun>=1 2:45s 0 S   Rule NZ 1989 only - Oct Sun>=8 2:00s 1:00 D -  + Rule Chatham 1989 only - Oct Sun>=8 2:45s 1:00 D   Rule NZ 1990 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D - Rule NZ 1990 max - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 S +    Rule Chatham 1990 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:45s 1:00 D - Rule Chatham 1991 max - Mar Sun>=15 2:45s 0 S + Rule NZ 1990 max - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 S + Rule Chatham 1990 max - Mar Sun>=15 2:45s 0 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Pacific/Auckland 11:39:04 - LMT 1868 Nov 2 -  11:30 NZ NZ%sT 1940 Sep 29 2:00 +  11:30 NZ NZ%sT 1946 Jan 1    12:00 NZ NZ%sT - Zone Pacific/Chatham 12:45 Chatham CHA%sT + Zone Pacific/Chatham 12:13:48 - LMT 1957 Jan 1 +  12:45 Chatham CHA%sT         # Auckland Is
389:    -11:00 - BST 1983 Nov 30 # B=Bering    -11:00 - SST # S=Samoa    - # W Samoa + # Samoa   Zone Pacific/Apia 12:33:04 - LMT 1879 Jul 5    -11:26:56 - LMT 1911    -11:30 - SAMT 1950 # Samoa Time -  -11:00 - WST # W Samoa Time +  -11:00 - WST # Samoa Time      # Solomon Is   # excludes Bougainville, for which see Papua New Guinea
442:   # uninhabited      # Midway + # + # From Mark Brader (2005-01-23): + # [Fallacies and Fantasies of Air Transport History, by R.E.G. Davies, + # published 1994 by Paladwr Press, McLean, VA, USA; ISBN 0-9626483-5-3] + # reproduced a Pan American Airways timeables from 1936, for their weekly + # "Orient Express" flights between San Francisco and Manila, and connecting + # flights to Chicago and the US East Coast. As it uses some time zone + # designations that I've never seen before:.... + # Fri. 6:30A Lv. HONOLOLU (Pearl Harbor), H.I. H.L.T. Ar. 5:30P Sun. + # " 3:00P Ar. MIDWAY ISLAND . . . . . . . . . M.L.T. Lv. 6:00A " + #   Zone Pacific/Midway -11:49:28 - LMT 1901 -  +  -11:00 - NST 1956 Jun 3 +  -11:00 1:00 NDT 1956 Sep 2    -11:00 - NST 1967 Apr # N=Nome    -11:00 - BST 1983 Nov 30 # B=Bering    -11:00 - SST # S=Samoa
481:   # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to   # tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).    - # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1999-10-29): + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is - # Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition), - # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999). + # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition), + # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).   #   # Gwillim Law writes that a good source   # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
492:   # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries   # of the IATA's data after 1990.   # - # Except where otherwise noted, Shanks is the source for entries through 1990, - # and IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990. + # Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for + # entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.   #   # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,   # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
508:   # std dst   # LMT Local Mean Time   # 8:00 WST WST Western Australia + # 8:45 CWST CWST Central Western Australia*   # 9:00 JST Japan   # 9:30 CST CST Central Australia   # 10:00 EST EST Eastern Australia   # 10:00 ChST Chamorro   # 10:30 LHST LHST Lord Howe* - # 12:00 NZST NZDT New Zealand + # 11:30 NZMT NZST New Zealand through 1945 + # 12:00 NZST NZDT New Zealand 1946-present   # 12:45 CHAST CHADT Chatham*   # -11:00 SST Samoa   # -10:00 HST Hawaii
526:      # Australia    - # <a href="http://www.dstc.qut.edu.au/DST/marg/daylight.html"> - # Australia's Daylight Saving Times - # </a>, by Margaret Turner, summarizes daylight saving issues in Australia. + # From Paul Eggert (2005-12-08): + # <a href="http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/dst_times.shtml"> + # Implementation Dates of Daylight Saving Time within Australia + # </a> summarizes daylight saving issues in Australia.    -  + # From Arthur David Olson (2005-12-12): + # <a href="http://www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lawlink/Corporate/ll_agdinfo.nsf/pages/community_relations_daylight_saving"> + # Lawlink NSW:Daylight Saving in New South Wales + # </a> covers New South Wales in particular. +    # From John Mackin (1991-03-06):   # We in Australia have _never_ referred to DST as `daylight' time.   # It is called `summer' time. Now by a happy coincidence, `summer'
554:   # WST for any place operating at a GMTOFF of 8:00   # EST for any place operating at a GMTOFF of 10:00    + # From Chuck Soper (2006-06-01): + # I recently found this Australian government web page on time zones: + # <http://www.australia.gov.au/about-australia-13time> + # And this government web page lists time zone names and abbreviations: + # <http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/daysavtm.shtml> +    # From Paul Eggert (2001-04-05), summarizing a long discussion about "EST"   # versus "AEST" etc.:   #
636:   # understood in Australia.      # From Paul Eggert (1995-12-19): - # Shanks reports 2:00 for all autumn changes in Australia and New Zealand. - # Mark Prior <mrp@itd.adelaide.edu.au> writes that his newspaper + # Shanks & Pottenger report 2:00 for all autumn changes in Australia and NZ. + # Mark Prior writes that his newspaper   # reports that NSW's fall 1995 change will occur at 2:00,   # but Robert Elz says it's been 3:00 in Victoria since 1970   # and perhaps the newspaper's `2:00' is referring to standard time.   # For now we'll continue to assume 2:00s for changes since 1960.    - # From Eric Ulevik <eau@zip.com.au> (1998-01-05): + # From Eric Ulevik (1998-01-05):   #   # Here are some URLs to Australian time legislation. These URLs are stable,   # and should probably be included in the data file. There are probably more
662:   # Standard Time Act, 1898   # </a>    + # From David Grosz (2005-06-13): + # It was announced last week that Daylight Saving would be extended by + # one week next year to allow for the 2006 Commonwealth Games. + # Daylight Saving is now to end for next year only on the first Sunday + # in April instead of the last Sunday in March. + # + # From Gwillim Law (2005-06-14): + # I did some Googling and found that all of those states (and territory) plan + # to extend DST together in 2006. + # ACT: http://www.cmd.act.gov.au/mediareleases/fileread.cfm?file=86.txt + # New South Wales: http://www.thecouriermail.news.com.au/common/story_page/0,5936,15538869%255E1702,00.html + # South Australia: http://www.news.com.au/story/0,10117,15555031-1246,00.html + # Tasmania: http://www.media.tas.gov.au/release.php?id=14772 + # Victoria: I wasn't able to find anything separate, but the other articles + # allude to it. + # But not Queensland + # http://www.news.com.au/story/0,10117,15564030-1248,00.html. +    # Northern Territory      # From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
749:   # From Arthur David Olson (1992-03-08):   # The chosen rules the union of the 1971/1972 change and the 1989-1992 changes.    + # From Christopher Hunt (2006-11-21), after an advance warning + # from Jesper Norgaard Welen (2006-11-01): + # WA are trialing DST for three years. + # <http://www.parliament.wa.gov.au/parliament/bills.nsf/9A1B183144403DA54825721200088DF1/$File/Bill175-1B.pdf> +    # From Rives McDow (2002-04-09):   # The most interesting region I have found consists of three towns on the - # southern coast of Australia, population 10 at last report, along with - # 50,000 sheep, about 100 kilometers long and 40 kilometers into the - # continent. The primary town is Madura, with the other towns being - # Mundrabilla and Eucla. According to the sheriff of Madura, the - # residents got tired of having to change the time so often, as they are - # located in a strip overlapping the border of South Australia and Western - # Australia. South Australia observes daylight saving time; Western + # southern coast.... South Australia observes daylight saving time; Western   # Australia does not. The two states are one and a half hours apart. The   # residents decided to forget about this nonsense of changing the clock so   # much and set the local time 20 hours and 45 minutes from the   # international date line, or right in the middle of the time of South - # Australia and Western Australia. As it only affects about 10 people and - # tourists staying at the Madura Motel, it has never really made as big an - # impact as Broken Hill. However, as tourist visiting there or anyone - # calling the local sheriff will attest, they do keep time in this way. + # Australia and Western Australia....   #   # From Paul Eggert (2002-04-09):   # This is confirmed by the section entitled   # "What's the deal with time zones???" in - # <http://www.earthsci.unimelb.edu.au/~awatkins/null.html>, - # which says a few other things: + # <http://www.earthsci.unimelb.edu.au/~awatkins/null.html>.   # - # * Border Village, SA also is 45 minutes ahead of Perth. - # * The locals call this time zone "central W.A. Time" (presumably "CWAT"). - # * The locals also call Western Australia time "Perth time". + # From Alex Livingston (2006-12-07): + # ... it was just on four years ago that I drove along the Eyre Highway, + # which passes through eastern Western Australia close to the southern + # coast of the continent.   # - # It's not clear from context whether everyone in Western Australia - # knows of this naming convention, or whether it's just the people in - # this subregion. + # I paid particular attention to the time kept there. There can be no + # dispute that UTC+08:45 was considered "the time" from the border + # village just inside the border with South Australia to as far west + # as just east of Caiguna. There can also be no dispute that Eucla is + # the largest population centre in this zone.... + # + # Now that Western Australia is observing daylight saving, the + # question arose whether this part of the state would follow suit. I + # just called the border village and confirmed that indeed they have, + # meaning that they are now observing UTC+09:45. + # + # (2006-12-09): + # I personally doubt that either experimentation with daylight saving + # in WA or its introduction in SA had anything to do with the genesis + # of this time zone. My hunch is that it's been around since well + # before 1975. I remember seeing it noted on road maps decades ago.    -  + # From Paul Eggert (2006-12-15): + # For lack of better info, assume the tradition dates back to the + # introduction of standard time in 1895. +  +    # South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria      # From Arthur David Olson (1992-03-08):
791:   # current DST ending dates, no worries.   #   # Rule Oz 1971 1985 - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 - - # Rule Oz 1986 max - Oct Sun<=24 2:00 1:00 - + # Rule Oz 1986 max - Oct Sun>=18 2:00 1:00 -   # Rule Oz 1972 only - Feb 27 3:00 0 -   # Rule Oz 1973 1986 - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 - - # Rule Oz 1987 max - Mar Sun<=21 3:00 0 - + # Rule Oz 1987 max - Mar Sun>=15 3:00 0 -   # Zone Australia/Tasmania 10:00 Oz EST   # Zone Australia/South 9:30 Oz CST   # Zone Australia/Victoria 10:00 Oz EST 1985 Oct lastSun 2:00 - # 10:00 1:00 EST 1986 Mar Sun<=21 3:00 + # 10:00 1:00 EST 1986 Mar Sun>=15 3:00   # 10:00 Oz EST      # From Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
824:   # ...   # Rule AS 1971 max - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   # Rule AS 1972 1985 - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 C - # Rule AS 1986 1990 - Mar Sun<=21 3:00 0 C + # Rule AS 1986 1990 - Mar Sun>=15 3:00 0 C   # Rule AS 1991 max - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 C      # From Bradley White (1992-03-11):
848:   # 1994 was at +0930 as John Connolly's customer seems to assert, then I can   # only conclude that the actual rule is more complicated....    - # From John Warburton <jwarb@SACBH.com.au> (1994-10-07): + # From John Warburton (1994-10-07):   # The new Daylight Savings dates for South Australia ...   # was gazetted in the Government Hansard on Sep 26 1994....   # start on last Sunday in October and end in last sunday in March.
908:      # From Arthur David Olson:   # New South Wales and subjurisdictions have their own ideas of a fun time. - # Based on law library research by John Mackin (john@basser.cs.su.oz), + # Based on law library research by John Mackin,   # who notes:   # In Australia, time is not legislated federally, but rather by the   # individual states. Thus, while such terms as ``Eastern Standard Time''
917:   # legislation. This is very important to understand.   # I have researched New South Wales time only...    - # From Paul Eggert (1999-09-27): - # The Information Service of the Australian National Standards Commission - # <a href="http://www.nsc.gov.au/InfoServ/Ileaflet/il27.htm"> - # Daylight Saving - # </a> page (1995-04) has an excellent overall history of Australian DST. - # The Community Relations Division of the NSW Attorney General's Department - # publishes a history of daylight saving in NSW. See: - # <a href="http://www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/crd.nsf/pages/time2"> - # Lawlink NSW: Daylight Saving in New South Wales - # </a> -  - # From Eric Ulevik <eau@ozemail.com.au> (1999-05-26): + # From Eric Ulevik (1999-05-26):   # DST will start in NSW on the last Sunday of August, rather than the usual   # October in 2000. [See: Matthew Moore,   # <a href="http://www.smh.com.au/news/9905/26/pageone/pageone4.html">
1005:   # Lord Howe Island      # From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06): - # LHI... [ Courtesy of Pauline Van Winsen.. pauline@Aus ] + # LHI... [ Courtesy of Pauline Van Winsen ]   # [ Dec 1990 ]   # Lord Howe Island is located off the New South Wales coast, and is half an   # hour ahead of NSW time.
1028:   # shown on clocks on LHI. I guess this means that for 30 minutes at the start   # of DST, LHI is actually 1 hour ahead of the rest of NSW.    - # From Paul Eggert (2001-02-09): - # For Lord Howe dates we use Shanks through 1989, and Lonergan thereafter. - # For times we use Lonergan. + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # For Lord Howe dates we use Shanks & Pottenger through 1989, and + # Lonergan thereafter. For times we use Lonergan.      ###############################################################################   
1045:   # From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):   # # The Country of New Zealand (Australia's east island -) Gee they hate that!   # # or is Australia the west island of N.Z. - # # [ courtesy of Geoff Tribble.. Geofft@Aus.. Auckland N.Z. ] + # # [ courtesy of Geoff Tribble.. Auckland N.Z. ]   # # [ Nov 1990 ]   # ...   # Rule NZ 1974 1988 - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
1061:   # rather than the October 1 value.      # From Paul Eggert (1995-12-19); - # Shanks reports 2:00 for all autumn changes in Australia and New Zealand. - # Robert Uzgalis <buz@cs.aukuni.ac.nz> writes that the New Zealand Daylight + # Shank & Pottenger report 2:00 for all autumn changes in Australia and NZ. + # Robert Uzgalis writes that the New Zealand Daylight   # Savings Time Order in Council dated 1990-06-18 specifies 2:00 standard   # time on both the first Sunday in October and the third Sunday in March.   # As with Australia, we'll assume the tradition is 2:00s, not 2:00.   # - # From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29): - # Shanks gives no time data for Chatham; usno1989 says it's +12:45, - # usno1995 says it's +12:45/+13:45, and IATA SSIM (1991/1999) - # gives the NZ rules but with transitions at 2:45 local standard time. - # Guess that they have been in lock-step with NZ since 1990. + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # The Department of Internal Affairs (DIA) maintains a brief history, + # as does Carol Squires; see tz-link.htm for the full references. + # Use these sources in preference to Shanks & Pottenger. + # + # For Chatham, IATA SSIM (1991/1999) gives the NZ rules but with + # transitions at 2:45 local standard time; this confirms that Chatham + # is always exactly 45 minutes ahead of Auckland.      ###############################################################################   
1138:      # Micronesia    - # Alan Eugene Davis <adavis@kuentos.guam.net> writes (1996-03-16), + # Alan Eugene Davis writes (1996-03-16),   # ``I am certain, having lived there for the past decade, that "Truk"   # (now properly known as Chuuk) ... is in the time zone GMT+10.''   # - # Shanks writes that Truk switched from UTC+10 to UTC+11 on 1978-10-01; - # ignore this for now. + # Shanks & Pottenger write that Truk switched from UTC+10 to UTC+11 + # on 1978-10-01; ignore this for now.      # From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):   # The Federated States of Micronesia Visitors Board writes in
1154:   # We don't know when Kosrae switched from UTC+12; assume January 1 for now.       + # Midway +  + # From Charles T O'Connor, KMTH DJ (1956), + # quoted in the KTMH section of the Radio Heritage Collection + # <http://radiodx.com/spdxr/KMTH.htm> (2002-12-31): + # For the past two months we've been on what is known as Daylight + # Saving Time. This time has put us on air at 5am in the morning, + # your time down there in New Zealand. Starting September 2, 1956 + # we'll again go back to Standard Time. This'll mean that we'll go to + # air at 6am your time. + # + # From Paul Eggert (2003-03-23): + # We don't know the date of that quote, but we'll guess they + # started DST on June 3. Possibly DST was observed other years + # in Midway, but we have no record of it. +  +    # Pitcairn      # From Rives McDow (1999-11-08):
1219:   # on the World Day of Prayer, you would be the first people on Earth   # to say your prayers in the morning."    - # From Paul Eggert (1999-08-12): - # Shanks says the transition was on 1968-10-01; go with Mundell. + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # Shanks & Pottenger say the transition was on 1968-10-01; go with Mundell.      # From Eric Ulevik (1999-05-03):   # Tonga's director of tourism, who is also secretary of the National Millenium
1229:   # October to March, which has won approval in principle from the Tongan   # Government.    - # From Steffen Thorsen [straen@thorsen.priv.no] (1999-09-09): + # From Steffen Thorsen (1999-09-09):   # * Tonga will introduce DST in November   # - # I was given this link by John Letts <johnletts@earthlink.net>: + # I was given this link by John Letts:   # <a hef="http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/asia-pacific/newsid_424000/424764.stm">   # http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/asia-pacific/newsid_424000/424764.stm   # </a>
1242:   # of UTC as well, but as far as I know Fiji will only be 13 hours ahead   # (12 + 1 hour DST).    - # From Arthur David Olson [arthur_david_olson@nih.gov] (1999-09-20): + # From Arthur David Olson (1999-09-20):   # According to <a href="http://www.tongaonline.com/news/sept1799.html>   # http://www.tongaonline.com/news/sept1799.html   # </a>:
1277:   # From Pulu 'Anau (2002-11-05):   # The law was for 3 years, supposedly to get renewed. It wasn't.    +  + # Wake +  + # From Vernice Anderson, Personal Secretary to Philip Jessup, + # US Ambassador At Large (oral history interview, 1971-02-02): + # + # Saturday, the 14th [of October, 1950] -- ... The time was all the + # more confusing at that point, because we had crossed the + # International Date Line, thus getting two Sundays. Furthermore, we + # discovered that Wake Island had two hours of daylight saving time + # making calculation of time in Washington difficult if not almost + # impossible. + # + # http://www.trumanlibrary.org/wake/meeting.htm +  + # From Paul Eggert (2003-03-23): + # We have no other report of DST in Wake Island, so omit this info for now. +    ###############################################################################      # The International Date Line
1294:   # mapmakers redrew the IDL following the boundary of Kiribati. Even that line   # has a rather arbitrary nature. The straight-line boundaries between Pacific   # island nations that are shown on many maps are based on an international - # convention, but are not legally binding national borders. - # - # An Anglo-French Conference on Time-Keeping at Sea (June, 1917) agreed that - # legal time on the high seas would be zone time, i.e., the standard time at - # the nearest meridian that is a multiple of fifteen degrees. The date is + # convention, but are not legally binding national borders.... The date is   # governed by the IDL; therefore, even on the high seas, there may be some   # places as late as fourteen hours later than UTC. And, since the IDL is not   # an international standard, there are some places on the high seas where the   # correct date is ambiguous. -  +  + # From Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_zone> (2005-08-31): + # Before 1920, all ships kept local apparent time on the high seas by setting + # their clocks at night or at the morning sight so that, given the ship's + # speed and direction, it would be 12 o'clock when the Sun crossed the ship's + # meridian (12 o'clock = local apparent noon). During 1917, at the + # Anglo-French Conference on Time-keeping at Sea, it was recommended that all + # ships, both military and civilian, should adopt hourly standard time zones + # on the high seas. Whenever a ship was within the territorial waters of any + # nation it would use that nation's standard time. The captain was permitted + # to change his ship's clocks at a time of his choice following his ship's + # entry into another zone time--he often chose midnight. These zones were + # adopted by all major fleets between 1920 and 1925 but not by many + # independent merchant ships until World War II. +  + # From Paul Eggert, using references suggested by Oscar van Vlijmen + # (2005-03-20): + # + # The American Practical Navigator (2002) + # <http://pollux.nss.nima.mil/pubs/pubs_j_apn_sections.html?rid=187> + # talks only about the 180-degree meridian with respect to ships in + # international waters; it ignores the international date line.