Branch: Tag:

2019-08-10

2019-08-10 09:54:34 by Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) <grubba@grubba.org>

Updated to tzdata2019b.

122:   # position is 51° 28' 30" N, 0° 18' 45" W. The longitude should   # be within about ±2". The Ordnance Survey grid reference is TQ172761.   # - # [This yields GMTOFF = -0:01:15 for London LMT in the 18th century.] + # [This yields STDOFF = -0:01:15 for London LMT in the 18th century.]      # From Paul Eggert (1993-11-18):   #
500:   #   # Use Europe/London for Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man.    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/London -0:01:15 - LMT 1847 Dec 1 0:00s    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Oct 27    1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
538:   Rule Eire 1990 1995 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00u -1:00 -   Rule Eire 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u -1:00 -    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Dublin -0:25:00 - LMT 1880 Aug 2    -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00s    -0:25:21 1:00 IST 1916 Oct 1 2:00s
737:      # These are for backward compatibility with older versions.    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone WET 0:00 EU WE%sT   Zone CET 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT   Zone MET 1:00 C-Eur ME%sT
797:   Rule Albania 1983 only - Apr 18 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Albania 1983 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Albania 1984 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Tirane 1:19:20 - LMT 1914    1:00 - CET 1940 Jun 16    1:00 Albania CE%sT 1984 Jul    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Andorra - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Andorra 0:06:04 - LMT 1901    0:00 - WET 1946 Sep 30    1:00 - CET 1985 Mar 31 2:00
830:   Rule Austria 1948 only - Apr 18 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1980 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1980 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Vienna 1:05:21 - LMT 1893 Apr    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1920    1:00 Austria CE%sT 1940 Apr 1 2:00s
862:   # Belarussian government decided against changing to winter time....   # http://eng.belta.by/all_news/society/Belarus-decides-against-adjusting-time-in-Russias-wake_i_76335.html   # - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Minsk 1:50:16 - LMT 1880    1:50 - MMT 1924 May 2 # Minsk Mean Time    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21
926:   Rule Belgium 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   Rule Belgium 1946 only - May 19 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1946 only - Oct 7 2:00s 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Brussels 0:17:30 - LMT 1880    0:17:30 - BMT 1892 May 1 12:00 # Brussels MT    0:00 - WET 1914 Nov 8
953:   Rule Bulg 1980 1982 - Apr Sat>=1 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Bulg 1980 only - Sep 29 1:00 0 -   Rule Bulg 1981 only - Sep 27 2:00 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Sofia 1:33:16 - LMT 1880    1:56:56 - IMT 1894 Nov 30 # Istanbul MT?    2:00 - EET 1942 Nov 2 3:00
986:   Rule Czech 1946 1949 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Czech 1947 1948 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Czech 1949 only - Apr 9 2:00s 1:00 S - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Prague 0:57:44 - LMT 1850    0:57:44 - PMT 1891 Oct # Prague Mean Time    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 9
1048:   Rule Denmark 1948 only - May 9 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Denmark 1948 only - Aug 8 2:00s 0 -   # - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Copenhagen 0:50:20 - LMT 1890    0:50:20 - CMT 1894 Jan 1 # Copenhagen MT    1:00 Denmark CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s
1145:   Rule Thule 2007 max - Mar Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Thule 2007 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 0 S   # - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Danmarkshavn -1:14:40 - LMT 1916 Jul 28    -3:00 - -03 1980 Apr 6 2:00    -3:00 EU -03/-02 1996
1211:   # From Urmet Jänes (2002-03-28):   # The legislative reference is Government decree No. 84 on 2002-02-21.    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Tallinn 1:39:00 - LMT 1880    1:39:00 - TMT 1918 Feb # Tallinn Mean Time    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1919 Jul
1274:   # Milne says Helsinki (Helsingfors) time was 1:39:49.2 (official document);   # round to nearest.    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Helsinki 1:39:49 - LMT 1878 May 31    1:39:49 - HMT 1921 May # Helsinki Mean Time    2:00 Finland EE%sT 1983
1364:   # but Howse quotes the actual French legislation as saying 0:09:21.   # Go with Howse. Howse writes that the time in France was officially based   # on PMT-0:09:21 until 1978-08-09, when the time base finally switched to UTC. - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Paris 0:09:21 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01    0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Paris MT   # Shanks & Pottenger give 1940 Jun 14 0:00; go with Excoffier and Le Corre.
1412:   Rule SovietZone 1945 only - Sep 24 3:00 1:00 S   Rule SovietZone 1945 only - Nov 18 2:00s 0 -    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Berlin 0:53:28 - LMT 1893 Apr    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 24 2:00    1:00 SovietZone CE%sT 1946
1440:   # is in Europe. Our reference location Tbilisi is in the Asian part.      # Gibraltar - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Gibraltar -0:21:24 - LMT 1880 Aug 2 0:00s    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1957 Apr 14 2:00    1:00 - CET 1982
1471:   Rule Greece 1979 only - Sep 29 2:00 0 -   Rule Greece 1980 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Greece 1980 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Athens 1:34:52 - LMT 1895 Sep 14    1:34:52 - AMT 1916 Jul 28 0:01 # Athens MT    2:00 Greece EE%sT 1941 Apr 30
1508:   Rule Hungary 1957 only - Jun Sun>=1 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Hungary 1957 only - Sep lastSun 3:00 0 -   Rule Hungary 1980 only - Apr 6 1:00 1:00 S - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Budapest 1:16:20 - LMT 1890 Oct    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1918    1:00 Hungary CE%sT 1941 Apr 8
1569:   Rule Iceland 1949 only - Oct 30 1:00s 0 -   Rule Iceland 1950 1966 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00s 0 -   Rule Iceland 1967 only - Oct 29 1:00s 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Atlantic/Reykjavik -1:28 - LMT 1908    -1:00 Iceland -01/+00 1968 Apr 7 1:00s    0:00 - GMT
1583:   # But these events all occurred before the 1970 cutoff,   # so record only the time in Rome.   # + # From Stephen Trainor (2019-05-06): + # http://www.ac-ilsestante.it/MERIDIANE/ora_legale/ORA_LEGALE_ESTIVA_IN_ITALIA.htm + # ... the [1866] law went into effect on 12 December 1866, rather than + # the date of the decree (22 Sep 1866) + # https://web.archive.org/web/20070824155341/http://www.iav.it/planetario/didastro/didastro/english.htm + # ... "In Italy in 1866 there were 6 railway times (Torino, Verona, Firenze, + # Roma, Napoli, Palermo). On that year it was decided to unify them, adopting + # the average time of Rome (even if this city was not yet part of the + # kingdom). On the 12th December 1866, on the starting of the winter time + # table, it took effect in the railways, the post office and the telegraph, + # not only for the internal service but also for the public.... Milano set + # the public watches on the Rome time on the same day (12th December 1866), + # Torino and Bologna on the 1st January 1867, Venezia the 1st May 1880 and the + # last city was Cagliari in 1886." + # + # From Luigi Rosa (2019-05-07): + # this is the scan of the decree: + # http://www.radiomarconi.com/marconi/filopanti/1866c.jpg + #   # From Michael Deckers (2016-10-24):   # http://www.ac-ilsestante.it/MERIDIANE/ora_legale quotes a law of 1893-08-10   # ... [translated as] "The preceding dispositions will enter into
1593:   # The authoritative source for time in Italy is the national metrological   # institute, which has a summary page of historical DST data at   # http://www.inrim.it/res/tf/ora_legale_i.shtml + # [now at http://oldsite.inrim.it/res/tf/ora_legale_i.shtml as of 2017]   # (2016-10-24):   # http://www.renzobaldini.it/le-ore-legali-in-italia/   # has still different data for 1944. It divides Italy in two, as
1656:   Rule Italy 1977 1979 - May Sun>=22 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Italy 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -   Rule Italy 1979 only - Sep 30 0:00s 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Europe/Rome 0:49:56 - LMT 1866 Sep 22 + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Europe/Rome 0:49:56 - LMT 1866 Dec 12    0:49:56 - RMT 1893 Oct 31 23:49:56 # Rome Mean    1:00 Italy CE%sT 1943 Sep 10    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Jun 4
1732:   # Byalokoz 1919 says Latvia was 1:36:34.   # Go with Byalokoz.    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Riga 1:36:34 - LMT 1880    1:36:34 - RMT 1918 Apr 15 2:00 # Riga MT    1:36:34 1:00 LST 1918 Sep 16 3:00 # Latvian ST
1802:   # http://www.lrvk.lt/nut/11/n1749.htm       - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Vilnius 1:41:16 - LMT 1880    1:24:00 - WMT 1917 # Warsaw Mean Time    1:35:36 - KMT 1919 Oct 10 # Kaunas Mean Time
1846:   Rule Lux 1927 only - Apr 9 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Lux 1928 only - Apr 14 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Lux 1929 only - Apr 20 23:00 1:00 S - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Luxembourg 0:24:36 - LMT 1904 Jun    1:00 Lux CE%sT 1918 Nov 25    0:00 Lux WE%sT 1929 Oct 6 2:00s
1871:   Rule Malta 1975 1979 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Malta 1975 1980 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 0 -   Rule Malta 1980 only - Mar 31 2:00 1:00 S - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Malta 0:58:04 - LMT 1893 Nov 2 0:00s # Valletta    1:00 Italy CE%sT 1973 Mar 31    1:00 Malta CE%sT 1981
1940:   Rule Moldova 1997 max - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Moldova 1997 max - Oct lastSun 3:00 0 -    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Chisinau 1:55:20 - LMT 1880    1:55 - CMT 1918 Feb 15 # Chisinau MT    1:44:24 - BMT 1931 Jul 24 # Bucharest MT
1956:   # Monaco   # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's   # more precise 0:09:21. - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Monaco 0:29:32 - LMT 1891 Mar 15    0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time    0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00
2031:   Rule Neth 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   #   # Amsterdam Mean Time was +00:19:32.13, but the .13 is omitted - # below because the current format requires GMTOFF to be an integer. - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # below because the current format requires STDOFF to be an integer. + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Amsterdam 0:19:32 - LMT 1835    0:19:32 Neth %s 1937 Jul 1    0:20 Neth +0020/+0120 1940 May 16 0:00
2051:   Rule Norway 1959 1964 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Norway 1959 1965 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00s 0 -   Rule Norway 1965 only - Apr 25 2:00s 1:00 S - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Oslo 0:43:00 - LMT 1895 Jan 1    1:00 Norway CE%sT 1940 Aug 10 23:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00
2142:   Rule Poland 1960 only - Apr 3 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1961 1964 - May lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1962 1964 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Warsaw 1:24:00 - LMT 1880    1:24:00 - WMT 1915 Aug 5 # Warsaw Mean Time    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1918 Sep 16 3:00
2247:   Rule Port 1981 1982 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Port 1983 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S   # - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Lisbon -0:36:45 - LMT 1884    -0:36:45 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 0:00u # Lisbon MT    0:00 Port WE%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00
2306:   Rule Romania 1980 only - Sep lastSun 1:00 0 -   Rule Romania 1991 1993 - Mar lastSun 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Romania 1991 1993 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct    1:44:24 - BMT 1931 Jul 24 # Bucharest MT    2:00 Romania EE%sT 1981 Mar 29 2:00s
3345:   # See Europe/Rome.      # Serbia - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Belgrade 1:22:00 - LMT 1884    1:00 - CET 1941 Apr 18 23:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945
3451:   Rule SpainAfrica 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -   Rule SpainAfrica 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule SpainAfrica 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Madrid -0:14:44 - LMT 1900 Dec 31 23:45:16    0:00 Spain WE%sT 1940 Mar 16 23:00    1:00 Spain CE%sT 1979
3519:   #   # Source: The newspaper "Dagens Nyheter", 1916-10-01, page 7 upper left.    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Stockholm 1:12:12 - LMT 1879 Jan 1    1:00:14 - SET 1900 Jan 1 # Swedish Time    1:00 - CET 1916 May 14 23:00
3622:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - May Mon>=1 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Mon>=1 2:00 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1853 Jul 16 # See above comment.    0:29:46 - BMT 1894 Jun # Bern Mean Time    1:00 Swiss CE%sT 1981
3772:   Rule Turkey 1994 only - Mar 20 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1995 2006 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1996 2006 - Oct lastSun 1:00s 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Istanbul 1:55:52 - LMT 1880    1:56:56 - IMT 1910 Oct # Istanbul Mean Time?    2:00 Turkey EE%sT 1978 Oct 15
3869:   # controversial, and some day "Kyiv" may become substantially more popular in   # English; in the meantime, stick with the traditional English "Kiev" as that   # means less disruption for our users. - # - # Anyway, none of the common English-language spellings (Kiev, Kyiv, Kieff, - # Kijeff, Kijev, Kiyef, Kiyeff) do justice to the common pronunciation in - # Ukrainian, namely [ˈkɪjiu̯] (IPA). This pronunciation has nothing like an - # English "v" or "f", and instead trails off with what an English-speaker - # would call a demure "oo" sound, and it would would be better anglicized as - # "Kuiyu". Here's a sound file, if you would like to do as the Kuiyuvians do: - # https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Uk-Київ.ogg +     - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   # This represents most of Ukraine. See above for the spelling of "Kiev".   Zone Europe/Kiev 2:02:04 - LMT 1880    2:02:04 - KMT 1924 May 2 # Kiev Mean Time