Branch: Tag:

2018-12-18

2018-12-18 10:50:23 by Henrik Grubbström (Grubba) <grubba@grubba.org>

Updated to tzdata2018g.

1: + # tzdb data for Europe and environs +    # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of   # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.   
517:   #   # To work around this problem, the build procedure can translate the   # following data into two forms, one with negative SAVE values and the - # other form with a traditional approximation for Irish time stamps + # other form with a traditional approximation for Irish timestamps   # after 1971-10-31 02:00 UTC; although this approximation has tm_isdst   # flags that are reversed, its UTC offsets are correct and this often   # suffices. This source file currently uses only nonnegative SAVE
2427:   # administratively part of Sakhalin oblast', they appear to have   # remained on UTC+11 along with Magadan.    + # From Marat Nigametzianov (2018-07-16): + # this is link to order from 1956 about timezone in USSR + # http://astro.uni-altai.ru/~orion/blog/2011/11/novyie-granitsyi-chasovyih-poyasov-v-sssr/ + # + # From Paul Eggert (2018-07-16): + # Perhaps someone could translate the above-mentioned link and use it + # to correct our data for the ex-Soviet Union. It cites the following: + # «Поясное время и новые границы часовых поясов» / сост. П.Н. Долгов, + # отв. ред. Г.Д. Бурдун - М: Комитет стандартов, мер и измерительных + # приборов при Совете Министров СССР, Междуведомственная комиссия + # единой службы времени, 1956 г. + # This book looks like it would be a helpful resource for the Soviet + # Union through 1956. Although a copy was in the Scientific Library + # of Tomsk State University, I have not been able to track down a copy nearby. + # + # From Stepan Golosunov (2018-07-21): + # http://astro.uni-altai.ru/~orion/blog/2015/05/center-reforma-ischisleniya-vremeni-br-na-territorii-sssr-v-1957-godu-center/ + # says that the 1956 decision to change time belts' borders was not + # implemented as planned in 1956 and the change happened in 1957. + # There is also the problem that actual time zones were different from + # the official time belts (and from many time belts' maps) as there were + # numerous exceptions to application of time belt rules. For example, + # https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Московское_время#Перемещение_границы_применения_московского_времени_на_восток + # says that by 1962 there were many regions in the 3rd time belt that + # were on Moscow time, referring to a 1962 map. By 1989 number of such + # exceptions grew considerably. +    # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06):   # The comments detailing the coverage of each Russian zone are meant to assist   # with maintenance only and represent our best guesses as to which regions
2437:   # future stability. ISO 3166-2:RU codes are also listed for first-level   # divisions where available.    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] -  -  +    # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Europe/Kaliningrad covers...   # 39 RU-KGD Kaliningrad Oblast
2707:   # 34 RU-VGG Volgograd Oblast   # The 1988 transition is from USSR act No. 5 (1988-01-04).    + # From Alexander Fetisov (2018-09-20): + # Volgograd region in southern Russia (Europe/Volgograd) change + # timezone from UTC+3 to UTC+4 from 28oct2018. + # http://sozd.parliament.gov.ru/bill/452878-7 + # + # From Stepan Golosunov (2018-10-11): + # The law has been published today on + # http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201810110037 +    Zone Europe/Volgograd 2:57:40 - LMT 1920 Jan 3    3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21    4:00 - +04 1961 Nov 11
2715:    4:00 - +04 1992 Mar 29 2:00s    3:00 Russia +03/+04 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    4:00 - +04 2014 Oct 26 2:00s -  3:00 - +03 +  3:00 - +03 2018 Oct 28 2:00s +  4:00 - +04      # From Paul Eggert (2016-11-11):   # Europe/Saratov covers:
3404:   #Rule NatSpain 1937 only - May 22 23:00 1:00 S   #Rule NatSpain 1937 1938 - Oct Sat>=1 24:00s 0 -   #Rule NatSpain 1938 only - Mar 26 23:00 1:00 S - # The following rules are copied from Morocco from 1967 through 1978. + # The following rules are copied from Morocco from 1967 through 1978, + # except with "S" letters.   Rule SpainAfrica 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 S   Rule SpainAfrica 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule SpainAfrica 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 S
3424:    0:00 1:00 WEST 1918 Oct 7 23:00    0:00 - WET 1924    0:00 Spain WE%sT 1929 +  0:00 - WET 1967 # Help zishrink.awk.    0:00 SpainAfrica WE%sT 1984 Mar 16    1:00 - CET 1986    1:00 EU CE%sT
3609:   # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2001/03/20010324.htm#2 - for 2001   # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2002/03/20020316.htm#2 - for 2002-2006   # From Paul Eggert (2016-09-25): - # Prefer the above sources to Shanks & Pottenger for time stamps after 1985. + # Prefer the above sources to Shanks & Pottenger for timestamps after 1985.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-03-09):   # Starting 2007 though, it seems that they are adopting EU's 1:00 UTC
3819:   # * Ukrainian Government's Resolution of 20.03.1992, No. 139.   # http://www.uazakon.com/documents/date_8u/pg_grcasa.htm    + # From Paul Eggert (2018-10-03): + # As is usual in tzdb, Ukrainian zones use the most common English spellings. + # For example, tzdb uses Europe/Kiev, as "Kiev" is the most common spelling in + # English for Ukraine's capital, even though it is certainly wrong as a + # transliteration of the Ukrainian "Київ". This is similar to tzdb's use of + # Europe/Prague, which is certainly wrong as a transliteration of the Czech + # "Praha". ("Kiev" came from old Slavic via Russian to English, and "Prague" + # came from old Slavic via French to English, so the two cases have something + # in common.) Admittedly English-language spelling of Ukrainian names is + # controversial, and some day "Kyiv" may become substantially more popular in + # English; in the meantime, stick with the traditional English "Kiev" as that + # means less disruption for our users. + # + # Anyway, none of the common English-language spellings (Kiev, Kyiv, Kieff, + # Kijeff, Kijev, Kiyef, Kiyeff) do justice to the common pronunciation in + # Ukrainian, namely [ˈkɪjiu̯] (IPA). This pronunciation has nothing like an + # English "v" or "f", and instead trails off with what an English-speaker + # would call a demure "oo" sound, and it would would be better anglicized as + # "Kuiyu". Here's a sound file, if you would like to do as the Kuiyuvians do: + # https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Uk-Київ.ogg +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - # Most of Ukraine since 1970 has been like Kiev. - # "Kyiv" is the transliteration of the Ukrainian name, but - # "Kiev" is more common in English. + # This represents most of Ukraine. See above for the spelling of "Kiev".   Zone Europe/Kiev 2:02:04 - LMT 1880    2:02:04 - KMT 1924 May 2 # Kiev Mean Time    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21