pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / africa

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:1:   # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of   # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.      # This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,   # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to   # tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see   # the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.    - # From Paul Eggert (2014-10-31): + # From Paul Eggert (2017-04-09):   #   # Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:   # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),   # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).   # Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.   # - # Gwillim Law writes that a good source - # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport + # Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source + # for time zone data was the International Air Transport   # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),   # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries   # of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,   # IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.   #   # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,   # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which   # I found in the UCLA library.   #   # For data circa 1899, a common source is:   # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94. - # http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359 + # https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359   #   # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is   # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).   # -  + # European-style abbreviations are commonly used along the Mediterranean. + # For sub-Saharan Africa abbreviations were less standardized.   # Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT - # for +0:00 through +3:00, respectively, - # but Mark R V Murray reports that - # 'SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa, - # 'CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and - # 'WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for + # for UT +00 through +03, respectively, + # but in 1997 Mark R V Murray reported that + # 'SAST' is the official abbreviation for +02 in the country of South Africa, + # 'CAT' is commonly used for +02 in countries north of South Africa, and + # 'WAT' is probably the best name for +01, as the common phrase for   # the area that includes Nigeria is "West Africa". - # He has heard of "Western Sahara Time" for +0:00 but can find no reference. +    # - # To make things confusing, 'WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago; - # I'd guess that this was because people needed _some_ name for -1:00, - # and at the time, far west Africa was the only major land area in -1:00. - # This usage is now obsolete, as the last use of -1:00 on the African - # mainland seems to have been 1976 in Western Sahara. + # To summarize, the following abbreviations seemed to have some currency: + # +00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time + # +02 CAT Central Africa Time + # +02 SAST South Africa Standard Time + # and Murray suggested the following abbreviation: + # +01 WAT West Africa Time + # Murray's suggestion seems to have caught on in news reports and the like. + # I vaguely recall 'WAT' also being used for -01 in the past but + # cannot now come up with solid citations.   # - # To summarize, the following abbreviations seem to have some currency: - # -1:00 WAT West Africa Time (no longer used) - # 0:00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time - # 2:00 CAT Central Africa Time - # 2:00 SAST South Africa Standard Time - # and Murray suggests the following abbreviation: - # 1:00 WAT West Africa Time - # I realize that this leads to 'WAT' being used for both -1:00 and 1:00 - # for times before 1976, but this is the best I can think of - # until we get more information. - # +    # I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome! - # 2:00 WAST West Africa Summer Time - # 2:30 BEAT British East Africa Time (no longer used) - # 2:45 BEAUT British East Africa Unified Time (no longer used) - # 3:00 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used) - # 3:00 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used) - # 3:00 EAT East Africa Time + # +02 WAST West Africa Summer Time (no longer used) + # +03 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used) + # +03 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used) + # +03 EAT East Africa Time + # 'EAT' also seems to have caught on; the others are rare but are paired + # with better-attested non-DST abbreviations.      # Algeria   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -   Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:114:   # See Africa/Abidjan.      # Burundi   # See Africa/Maputo.      # Cameroon   # See Africa/Lagos.      # Cape Verde / Cabo Verde   # - # Shanks gives 1907 for the transition to CVT. - # Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree - # http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf - # merely made it official? + # From Paul Eggert (2018-02-16): + # Shanks gives 1907 for the transition to +02. + # For now, ignore that and follow the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree + # (see Europe/Lisbon).   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia -  -2:00 - CVT 1942 Sep -  -2:00 1:00 CVST 1945 Oct 15 -  -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00 -  -1:00 - CVT + Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1912 Jan 01 2:00u # Praia +  -2:00 - -02 1942 Sep +  -2:00 1:00 -01 1945 Oct 15 +  -2:00 - -02 1975 Nov 25 2:00 +  -1:00 - -01      # Central African Republic   # See Africa/Lagos.      # Chad   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912 # N'Djamena    1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14    1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8    1:00 - WAT
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:157:   Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912    0:00 - GMT   Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Bamako # Mali   Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Banjul # Gambia   Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Conakry # Guinea   Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Dakar # Senegal   Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Freetown # Sierra Leone   Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Lome # Togo   Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Nouakchott # Mauritania   Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Ouagadougou # Burkina Faso - Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Sao_Tome # São Tomé and Príncipe +    Link Africa/Abidjan Atlantic/St_Helena # St Helena      # Djibouti   # See Africa/Nairobi.      ###############################################################################      # Egypt      # Milne says Cairo used 2:05:08.9, the local mean time of the Abbasizeh
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:217:   # The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports:   # Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday   # after observing the daylight saving time since May.   # http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf   Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -   # From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14):   # I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight   # saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07.   # From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]   # http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm - # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53 + # https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53   # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...:   # http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm   Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 24:00 0 -   # From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06):   # Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter   # than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each   # year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite   # hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by   # shifting business hours one hour out of daytime heat. Consequently,   # unless discontinued, next DST may end Thursday 28 August 2008.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:255:   # Aug 27   # > 23:00:00 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200   #   # > end date should be Thu Sep 24 2009 (Last Thursday in September at 23:59=   # :59)   # > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/   #   # timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that.   #   # [1] https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263 - # [2] http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53 - # [3] http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/ + # [2] https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53 + # [3] https://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/      # From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20):   # In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth   # Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday   # in September.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-11):   # We have been able to confirm the August change with the Egyptian Cabinet   # Information and Decision Support Center: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html   #   # The Middle East News Agency - # http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx + # https://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx   # also reports "Egypt starts winter time on August 21"   # today in article numbered "71, 11/08/2009 12:25 GMT."   # Only the title above is available without a subscription to their service,   # and can be found by searching for "winter" in their search engine   # (at least today).      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-07-20):   # According to News from Egypt - Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has   # decided that Daylight Saving Time will not be used in Egypt during   # Ramadan.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:319:   # above) says DST had no affect on electricity consumption. There is   # no information about when DST will end this fall. See:   # http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/el-sissi-pushes-egyptians-line-23614833      # From Steffen Thorsen (2015-04-08):   # Egypt will start DST on midnight after Thursday, April 30, 2015.   # This is based on a law (no 35) from May 15, 2014 saying it starts the last   # Thursday of April.... Clocks will still be turned back for Ramadan, but   # dates not yet announced....   # http://almogaz.com/news/weird-news/2015/04/05/1947105 ... - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-starts-dst-2015.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-starts-dst-2015.html      # From Ahmed Nazmy (2015-04-20):   # Egypt's ministers cabinet just announced ... that it will cancel DST at   # least for 2015.   #   # From Tim Parenti (2015-04-20):   # http://english.ahram.org.eg/WriterArticles/NewsContentP/1/128195/Egypt/No-daylight-saving-this-summer-Egypts-prime-minist.aspx   # "Egypt's cabinet agreed on Monday not to switch clocks for daylight saving   # time this summer, and carry out studies on the possibility of canceling the   # practice altogether in future years."
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:370:   # Ethiopia   # See Africa/Nairobi.      # Gabon   # See Africa/Lagos.      # Gambia   # See Africa/Abidjan.      # Ghana - # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S +  + # From Paul Eggert (2018-01-30):   # Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to "the present"; - # Shanks & Pottenger say 1936 to 1942; - # and September 1 to January 1 is given by: - # Scott Keltie J, Epstein M (eds), The Statesman's Year-Book, - # 57th ed. Macmillan, London (1920), OCLC 609408015, pp xxviii. - # For lack of better info, assume DST was observed from 1920 to 1942. - Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST - Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT + # Shanks & Pottenger say 1936 to 1942 with 20 minutes of DST, + # with transitions on 09-01 and 12-31 at 00:00. + # Page 33 of Parish GCB, Colonial Reports - Annual. No. 1066. Gold + # Coast. Report for 1919. (March 1921), OCLC 784024077 + # http://libsysdigi.library.illinois.edu/ilharvest/africana/books2011-05/5530214/5530214_1919/5530214_1919_opt.pdf + # lists the Determination of the Time Ordinance, 1919, No. 18, + # "to advance the time observed locally by the space of twenty minutes + # during the last four months of each year; the object in view being + # to extend during those months the period of daylight-time available + # for evening recreation after office hours." + # Vanessa Ogle, The Global Transformation of Time, 1870-1950 (2015), p 33, + # writes "In 1919, the Gold Coast (Ghana as of 1957) made Greenwich + # time its legal time and simultaneously legalized a summer time of + # UTC - 00:20 minutes from March to October."; a footnote lists + # the ordinance as being dated 1919-11-24. + # The Crown Colonist, Volume 12 (1942), p 176, says "the Government + # intend advancing Gold Coast time half an hour ahead of G.M.T. + # The actual date of the alteration has not yet been announced." + # These sources are incomplete and contradictory. Possibly what is + # now Ghana observed different DST regimes in different years. For + # lack of better info, use Shanks except treat the minus sign as a + # typo, and assume DST started in 1920 not 1936. + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 - + Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918 -  0:00 Ghana %s +  0:00 Ghana GMT/+0020      # Guinea   # See Africa/Abidjan.      # Guinea-Bissau   # -  + # From Paul Eggert (2018-02-16):   # Shanks gives 1911-05-26 for the transition to WAT,   # evidently confusing the date of the Portuguese decree - # http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf - # with the date that it took effect, namely 1912-01-01. + # (see Europe/Lisbon) with the date that it took effect.   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 -  -1:00 - WAT 1975 + Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 1:00u +  -1:00 - -01 1975    0:00 - GMT      # Kenya   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul    3:00 - EAT 1930 -  2:30 - BEAT 1940 -  2:45 - BEAUT 1960 +  2:30 - +0230 1940 +  2:45 - +0245 1960    3:00 - EAT   Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Addis_Ababa # Ethiopia   Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Asmara # Eritrea   Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Dar_es_Salaam # Tanzania   Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Djibouti   Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Kampala # Uganda   Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Mogadishu # Somalia   Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Antananarivo # Madagascar   Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Comoro   Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Mayotte      # Lesotho   # See Africa/Johannesburg.      # Liberia - # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): - # In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch - # from a UTC offset that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes. - # Howse reports that it was in honor of their president's birthday. - # Shank & Pottenger report the date as May 1, whereas Howse reports Jan; - # go with Shanks & Pottenger. - # For Liberia before 1972, Shanks & Pottenger report -0:44, whereas Howse and - # Whitman each report -0:44:30; go with the more precise figure. + # + # From Paul Eggert (2017-03-02): + # + # The Nautical Almanac for the Year 1970, p 264, is the source for -0:44:30. + # + # In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch from a UT offset + # that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes. The 1972 change was on + # 1972-01-07, according to an entry dated 1972-01-04 on p 330 of: + # Presidential Papers: First year of the administration of + # President William R. Tolbert, Jr., July 23, 1971-July 31, 1972. + # Monrovia: Executive Mansion. + # + # Use the abbreviation "MMT" before 1972, as the more-accurate numeric + # abbreviation "-004430" would be one byte over the POSIX limit. + #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882    -0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time -  -0:44:30 - LRT 1972 May # Liberia Time +  -0:44:30 - MMT 1972 Jan 7 # approximately MMT    0:00 - GMT      ###############################################################################      # Libya      # From Even Scharning (2012-11-10):   # Libya set their time one hour back at 02:00 on Saturday November 10. - # http://www.libyaherald.com/2012/11/04/clocks-to-go-back-an-hour-on-saturday/ + # https://www.libyaherald.com/2012/11/04/clocks-to-go-back-an-hour-on-saturday/   # Here is an official source [in Arabic]: http://ls.ly/fb6Yc   #   # Steffen Thorsen forwarded a translation (2012-11-10) in - # http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2012-November/018451.html + # https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2012-November/018451.html   #   # From Tim Parenti (2012-11-11):   # Treat the 2012-11-10 change as a zone change from UTC+2 to UTC+1.   # The DST rules planned for 2013 and onward roughly mirror those of Europe   # (either two days before them or five days after them, so as to fall on   # lastFri instead of lastSun).      # From Even Scharning (2013-10-25):   # The scheduled end of DST in Libya on Friday, October 25, 2013 was   # cancelled yesterday.... - # http://www.libyaherald.com/2013/10/24/correction-no-time-change-tomorrow/ + # https://www.libyaherald.com/2013/10/24/correction-no-time-change-tomorrow/   #   # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-25):   # For now, assume they're reverting to the pre-2012 rules of permanent UT +02.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Libya 1952 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Libya 1953 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Libya 1954 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Libya 1955 only - Sep 30 0:00 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:507:   # Mauritania   # See Africa/Abidjan.      # Mauritius      # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25):   # Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial   # basis....   # It seems that Mauritius observed daylight saving time from 1982-10-10 to   # 1983-03-20 as well, but that was not successful.... - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html      # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-06-25):   # http://economicdevelopment.gov.mu/portal/site/Mainhomepage/menuitem.a42b24128104d9845dabddd154508a0c/?content_id=0a7cee8b5d69a110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD      # From Arthur David Olson (2008-06-30):   # The www.timeanddate.com article cited by Steffen Thorsen notes that "A   # final decision has yet to be made on the times that daylight saving   # would begin and end on these dates." As a place holder, use midnight.      # From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:575:      # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-05):   # According to several sources, Mauritius will not continue to observe   # DST the coming summer...   #   # Some sources, in French:   # http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB   # http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-   #   # Our wrap-up: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html      # From Arthur David Olson (2009-07-11):   # The "mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat" wrapup includes this:   # "The trial ended on March 29, 2009, when the clocks moved back by one hour   # at 2am (or 02:00) local time..."      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 -   Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 - - Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 -   Rule Mauritius 2009 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis -  4:00 Mauritius MU%sT # Mauritius Time +  4:00 Mauritius +04/+05   # Agalega Is, Rodriguez   # no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius      # Mayotte   # See Africa/Nairobi.      # Morocco   # See the 'europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).      # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):   # Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between   # 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008.   #   # "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will   # be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to   # Communication Minister and Government Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...."   # - # http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html   # http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html      # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):   # The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe   # Presse:   # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view   #   # Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt.   # spokesman.      # From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09):   # According to this article: - # http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html + # https://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html   # (and republished here: <http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html>)   # the changes occur at midnight:   #   # Saturday night May 31st at midnight (which in French is to be   # interpreted as the night between Saturday and Sunday)   # Sunday night the 28th at midnight   #   # Seeing that the 28th is Monday, I am guessing that she intends to say   # the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between Sunday and   # Monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:642:   #   # The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree   # published on the web.   #   # It's also confirmed here:   # http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm   # on a government portal as being between June 1st and Sept 27th (not yet   # posted in English).   #   # The following Google query will generate many relevant hits: - # http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search + # https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search      # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27):   # Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31   # and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end   # of September:   #   # One article about it (in French):   # http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default   #   # We have some further details posted here: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html      # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17):   # Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according   # to many sources, such as   # http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html   # http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312   # (French)   #   # Our summary: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):   # Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre,   # Ministère de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics   #   # Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 June 1967)   # concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of   # Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be   # advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight.   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:686:      # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-04-13):   # Several news media in Morocco report that the Ministry of Modernization   # of Public Sectors has announced that Morocco will have DST from   # 2010-05-02 to 2010-08-08.   #   # Example:   # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html   # (French)   # Our page: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html      # From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30):   # ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format)   # The 3rd April 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd April 01:00:00   # The 31st July 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31st July 00:00:00   # ...Official links of change in morocco   # The change was broadcast on the FM Radio   # I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at   # +212.537.71.84.00   # http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/   # They said that   # http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view   # is the official publication to look at.   # They said that the decision was already taken.   #   # More articles in the press - # http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-leve.html + # https://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-leve.html   # http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923   # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim      # From Petr Machata (2011-03-30):   # They have it written in English here:   # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view   #   # It says there that "Morocco will resume its standard time on July 31,   # 2011 at midnight." Now they don't say whether they mean midnight of   # wall clock time (i.e. 11pm UTC), but that's what I would assume. It has
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:795:   # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=586      # From Milamber (2015-06-08):   # (Google Translation) The hour will thus be delayed 60 minutes   # Sunday, June 14 at 3:00, the ministry said in a statement, adding   # that the time will be advanced again 60 minutes Sunday, July 19,   # 2015 at 2:00. The move comes under 2.12.126 Decree of 26 Jumada I   # 1433 (18 April 2012) and the decision of the Head of Government of   # 16 N. 3-29-15 Chaaban 1435 (4 June 2015).   # Source (french): - # http://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/ + # https://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/   #   # From Milamber (2015-06-09):   # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=863   #   # From Michael Deckers (2015-06-09):   # [The gov.ma announcement] would (probably) make the switch on 2015-07-19 go   # from 03:00 to 04:00 rather than from 02:00 to 03:00, as in the patch....   # I think the patch is correct and the quoted text is wrong; the text in - # <http://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/> agrees + # <https://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/> agrees   # with the patch.      # From Paul Eggert (2015-06-08):   # For now, guess that later spring and fall transitions will use 2015's rules,   # and guess that Morocco will switch to standard time at 03:00 the last   # Sunday before Ramadan, and back to DST at 02:00 the first Sunday after   # Ramadan. To implement this, transition dates for 2016 through 2037 were   # determined by running the following program under GNU Emacs 24.3, with the   # results integrated by hand into the table below.   # (let ((islamic-year 1437))
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:908:   # From Gwillim Law (2013-10-22):   # A correspondent who is usually well informed about time zone matters   # ... says that Western Sahara observes daylight saving time, just as   # Morocco does.   #   # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-23):   # Assume that this has been true since Western Sahara switched to GMT,   # since most of it was then controlled by Morocco.      Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan # El Aaiún -  -1:00 - WAT 1976 Apr 14 +  -1:00 - -01 1976 Apr 14    0:00 Morocco WE%sT      # Mozambique   #   # Shanks gives 1903-03-01 for the transition to CAT.   # Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree - # http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf + # https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf   # merely made it official?   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar    2:00 - CAT   Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Blantyre # Malawi   Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Bujumbura # Burundi   Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Gaborone # Botswana   Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Harare # Zimbabwe   Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Kigali # Rwanda   Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lubumbashi # E Dem. Rep. of Congo   Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lusaka # Zambia    -  +    # Namibia - # The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger. - # Shanks & Pottenger report no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA. +     -  + # From Arthur David Olson (2017-08-09): + # The text of the "Namibia Time Act, 1994" is available online at + # www.lac.org.na/laws/1994/811.pdf + # and includes this nugget: + # Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (2) of section 1, the + # first winter period after the commencement of this Act shall + # commence at OOhOO on Monday 21 March 1994 and shall end at 02h00 on + # Sunday 4 September 1994. +  + # From Michael Deckers (2017-04-06): + # ... both summer and winter time are called "standard" + # (which differs from the use in Ireland) ... +    # From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30):   # http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html   # While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other   # settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there   # rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of   # Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of   # the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest   # of the country.   # - # From Paul Eggert (2007-03-31): - # Apparently the Caprivi Strip informally observes Botswana time, but - # we have no details. In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone. + # From Paul Eggert (2017-02-22): + # Although the Zambezi Region (formerly known as Caprivi) informally + # observes Botswana time, we have no details about historical practice. + # In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone. + # See: Immanuel S. The Namibian. 2017-02-23. + # https://www.namibian.com.na/51480/read/Time-change-divides-lawmakers    -  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2017-08-09): + # Namibia is going to change their time zone to what is now their DST: + # https://www.newera.com.na/2017/02/23/namibias-winter-time-might-be-repealed/ + # This video is from the government decision: + # https://www.nbc.na/news/na-passes-namibia-time-bill-repealing-1994-namibia-time-act.8665 + # We have made the assumption so far that they will change their time zone at + # the same time they would normally start DST, the first Sunday in September: + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/namibia-new-time-zone.html +  + # From Paul Eggert (2017-04-09): + # Before the change, summer and winter time were both standard time legally. + # However in common parlance, winter time was considered to be DST. See, e.g.: + # http://www.nbc.na/news/namibias-winter-time-could-be-scrapped.2706 + # https://zone.my.na/news/times-are-changing-in-namibia + # https://www.newera.com.na/2017/02/23/namibias-winter-time-might-be-repealed/ + # Use plain "WAT" and "CAT" for the time zone abbreviations, to be compatible + # with Namibia's neighbors. +    # RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S - Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 - + # Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST. + Rule Namibia 1994 only - Mar 21 0:00 -1:00 WAT + Rule Namibia 1994 2017 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 0 CAT + Rule Namibia 1995 2017 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 -1:00 WAT + # Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST. + #Rule Namibia 1994 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 WAT + #Rule Namibia 1994 2017 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 CAT + #Rule Namibia 1995 2017 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 WAT + # End of rearguard section. +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8 -  1:30 - SWAT 1903 Mar # SW Africa Time +  1:30 - +0130 1903 Mar    2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00    2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00    2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence -  2:00 - CAT 1994 Apr 3 -  1:00 Namibia WA%sT + # Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST. +  2:00 Namibia %s + # Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST. + # 2:00 - CAT 1994 Mar 21 0:00 + # From Paul Eggert (2017-04-07): + # The official date of the 2017 rule change was 2017-10-24. See: + # http://www.lac.org.na/laws/annoSTAT/Namibian%20Time%20Act%209%20of%202017.pdf + # 1:00 Namibia %s 2017 Oct 24 + # 2:00 - CAT + # End of rearguard section.      # Niger   # See Africa/Lagos.      # Nigeria   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep    1:00 - WAT   Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Bangui # Central African Republic   Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Brazzaville # Rep. of the Congo
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:978:   Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Kinshasa # Dem. Rep. of the Congo (west)   Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Libreville # Gabon   Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Luanda # Angola   Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Malabo # Equatorial Guinea   Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Niamey # Niger   Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Porto-Novo # Benin      # Réunion   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis -  4:00 - RET # Réunion Time +  4:00 - +04   #   # Crozet Islands also observes Réunion time; see the 'antarctica' file.   #   # Scattered Islands (Îles Éparses) administered from Réunion are as follows.   # The following information about them is taken from   # Îles Éparses (<http://www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm>, 1997-07-22,   # in French; no longer available as of 1999-08-17).   # We have no info about their time zone histories.   #   # Bassas da India - uninhabited
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:1007:   # St Helena   # See Africa/Abidjan.   # The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:   # Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA   # Ascension: on GMT, say the USNO (1995-12-21) and the CIA   # Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):   # on GMT, says the CIA   # Inaccessible, Nightingale: uninhabited      # São Tomé and Príncipe +  + # See Europe/Lisbon for info about the 1912 transition. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2018-01-08): + # Multiple sources tell that São Tomé changed from UTC to UTC+1 as + # they entered the year 2018. + # From Michael Deckers (2018-01-08): + # the switch is from 01:00 to 02:00 ... [Decree No. 25/2017] + # http://www.mnec.gov.st/index.php/publicacoes/documentos/file/90-decreto-lei-n-25-2017 +  + Zone Africa/Sao_Tome 0:26:56 - LMT 1884 +  -0:36:45 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 00:00u # Lisbon MT +  0:00 - GMT 2018 Jan 1 01:00 +  1:00 - WAT +    # Senegal   # See Africa/Abidjan.      # Seychelles   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria -  4:00 - SCT # Seychelles Time +  4:00 - +04   # From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):   # Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the   # Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory   # in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know   # whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.   # Possibly the islands were uninhabited.      # Sierra Leone   # See Africa/Abidjan.   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:1043:    1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar    2:00 SA SAST   Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Maseru # Lesotho   Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Mbabane # Swaziland   #   # Marion and Prince Edward Is   # scientific station since 1947   # no information      # Sudan - # +    # From <http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html>   # Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13),   # also reported by Michaël De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:   # Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon   # Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for   # Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin. -  +  + # From Ahmed Atyya, National Telecommunications Corp. (NTC), Sudan (2017-10-17): + # ... the Republic of Sudan is going to change the time zone from (GMT+3:00) + # to (GMT+ 2:00) starting from Wednesday 1 November 2017.   # -  + # From Paul Eggert (2017-10-18): + # A scanned copy (in Arabic) of Cabinet Resolution No. 352 for the + # year 2017 can be found as an attachment in email today from Yahia + # Abdalla of NTC, archived at: + # https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2017-October/025333.html +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 -   Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931    2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00 -  3:00 - EAT +  3:00 - EAT 2017 Nov 1 +  2:00 - CAT      # South Sudan - Link Africa/Khartoum Africa/Juba + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Africa/Juba 2:06:28 - LMT 1931 +  2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00 +  3:00 - EAT      # Swaziland   # See Africa/Johannesburg.      # Tanzania   # See Africa/Nairobi.      # Togo   # See Africa/Abidjan.   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:1100:   # From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):   # The daylight saving time will be the same each year:   # Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00   # Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ...   # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50      # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16):   # According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year.   # (Arabic)   # http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546 - # http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp + # https://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp   #   # We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia.   # We have a wrap-up about this on the following page: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):   # Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency   #   # Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn):   #   # (in English)   # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157   #   # (in Arabic)