pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / africa

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:1: - # <pre> +    # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of   # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.      # This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,   # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to   # tz@iana.org for general use in the future).      # From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):   #   # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:28:   # For data circa 1899, a common source is:   # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94   # <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.   #   # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is   # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).   #   # Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT   # for +0:00 through +3:00, respectively,   # but Mark R V Murray reports that - # `SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa, - # `CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and - # `WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for - # the area that includes Nigeria is ``West Africa''. - # He has heard of ``Western Sahara Time'' for +0:00 but can find no reference. + # 'SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa, + # 'CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and + # 'WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for + # the area that includes Nigeria is "West Africa". + # He has heard of "Western Sahara Time" for +0:00 but can find no reference.   # - # To make things confusing, `WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago; + # To make things confusing, 'WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago;   # I'd guess that this was because people needed _some_ name for -1:00,   # and at the time, far west Africa was the only major land area in -1:00.   # This usage is now obsolete, as the last use of -1:00 on the African   # mainland seems to have been 1976 in Western Sahara.   #   # To summarize, the following abbreviations seem to have some currency:   # -1:00 WAT West Africa Time (no longer used)   # 0:00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time   # 2:00 CAT Central Africa Time   # 2:00 SAST South Africa Standard Time   # and Murray suggests the following abbreviation:   # 1:00 WAT West Africa Time - # I realize that this leads to `WAT' being used for both -1:00 and 1:00 + # I realize that this leads to 'WAT' being used for both -1:00 and 1:00   # for times before 1976, but this is the best I can think of   # until we get more information.   #   # I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome!   # 2:00 WAST West Africa Summer Time   # 2:30 BEAT British East Africa Time (no longer used)   # 2:45 BEAUT British East Africa Unified Time (no longer used)   # 3:00 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)   # 3:00 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)   # 3:00 EAT East Africa Time
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:124:   # Milne says they were regulated by the Cape Town Signal in 1899;   # assume they switched to 2:00 when Cape Town did.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Gaborone 1:43:40 - LMT 1885    1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar    2:00 - CAT 1943 Sep 19 2:00    2:00 1:00 CAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00    2:00 - CAT      # Burkina Faso - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Africa/Ouagadougou -0:06:04 - LMT 1912 -  0:00 - GMT + # See Africa/Abidjan.      # Burundi   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Bujumbura 1:57:28 - LMT 1890    2:00 - CAT      # Cameroon   # Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1920; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Douala 0:38:48 - LMT 1912
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:154:    -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00    -1:00 - CVT      # Central African Republic   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Bangui 1:14:20 - LMT 1912    1:00 - WAT      # Chad   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912 + Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912 # N'Djamena    1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14    1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8    1:00 - WAT      # Comoros   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Comoro 2:53:04 - LMT 1911 Jul # Moroni, Gran Comoro    3:00 - EAT      # Democratic Republic of Congo
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:176:   Zone Africa/Kinshasa 1:01:12 - LMT 1897 Nov 9    1:00 - WAT   Zone Africa/Lubumbashi 1:49:52 - LMT 1897 Nov 9    2:00 - CAT      # Republic of the Congo   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Brazzaville 1:01:08 - LMT 1912    1:00 - WAT    - # Cote D'Ivoire + # Côte D'Ivoire / Ivory Coast   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912    0:00 - GMT -  + Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Bamako # Mali + Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Banjul # Gambia + Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Conakry # Guinea + Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Dakar # Senegal + Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Freetown # Sierra Leone + Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Lome # Togo + Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Nouakchott # Mauritania + Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Ouagadougou # Burkina Faso + Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Sao_Tome # São Tomé and Príncipe + Link Africa/Abidjan Atlantic/St_Helena # St Helena      # Djibouti   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Djibouti 2:52:36 - LMT 1911 Jul    3:00 - EAT      ###############################################################################      # Egypt   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:224:   Rule Egypt 1990 1994 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S   # IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00.   # Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29.      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-04-20):   # "...Egypt's interim cabinet decided on Wednesday to cancel daylight   # saving time after a poll posted on its website showed the majority of   # Egyptians would approve the cancellation."   #   # Egypt to cancel daylight saving time - # <a href="http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168"> +    # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168 - # </a> +    # or - # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html"> +    # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html - # </a> +    Rule Egypt 1995 2010 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -   # From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19):   # The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports:   # Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday   # after observing the daylight saving time since May.   # http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf   Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -   # From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14):   # I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight   # saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07. - # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:] + # From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]   # http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm   # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53   # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...:   # http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm   Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 24:00 0 -   # From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06):   # Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter   # than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each   # year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite   # hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:281:   # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 21:00:00 2009 UTC = Thu =   # Aug 27   # > 23:00:00 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200   #   # > end date should be Thu Sep 24 2009 (Last Thursday in September at 23:59=   # :59)   # > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/   #   # timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that.   # - # [1] <a href="https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263"> - # https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263 - # </a> - # [2] <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53"> - # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53 - # </a> - # [3] <a href="http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/"> - # http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/ - # </a> + # [1] https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263 + # [2] http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53 + # [3] http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/      # From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20):   # In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth   # Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday   # in September.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-11):   # We have been able to confirm the August change with the Egyptian Cabinet   # Information and Decision Support Center: - # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html"> +    # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html - # </a> +    #   # The Middle East News Agency - # <a href="http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx"> +    # http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx - # </a> +    # also reports "Egypt starts winter time on August 21"   # today in article numbered "71, 11/08/2009 12:25 GMT."   # Only the title above is available without a subscription to their service,   # and can be found by searching for "winter" in their search engine   # (at least today).      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-07-20): - # According to News from Egypt - Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has + # According to News from Egypt - Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has   # decided that Daylight Saving Time will not be used in Egypt during   # Ramadan.   #   # Arabic translation: - # "Clocks to go back during Ramadan--and then forward again" - # <a href="http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again"> + # "Clocks to go back during Ramadan - and then forward again"   # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again - # </a> - # or - # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html"> +    # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html - # </a> +       # From Ahmad El-Dardiry (2014-05-07):   # Egypt is to change back to Daylight system on May 15   # http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/100735/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-government-to-reapply-daylight-saving-time-.aspx      # From Gunther Vermier (2015-05-13):   # our Egypt office confirms that the change will be at 15 May "midnight" (24:00)      # From Imed Chihi (2014-06-04):   # We have finally "located" a precise official reference about the DST changes
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:426:    1:00 - WAT      # Eritrea   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Asmara 2:35:32 - LMT 1870    2:35:32 - AMT 1890 # Asmara Mean Time    2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT    3:00 - EAT      # Ethiopia - # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): - # Shanks & Pottenger write that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time zones - # between 1870 and 1890, and that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in 1890. - # We'll guess that 38E50 is for Adis Dera. + # From Paul Eggert (2014-07-31): + # Like the Swahili of Kenya and Tanzania, many Ethiopians keep a + # 12-hour clock starting at our 06:00, so their "8 o'clock" is our + # 02:00 or 14:00. Keep this in mind when you ask the time in Amharic. + # + # Shanks & Pottenger write that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time + # zones between 1870 and 1890, that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in + # 1890, and that they switched to 3:00 on 1936-05-05. Perhaps 38E50 + # was for Adis Dera. Quite likely the Shanks data are wrong anyway.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Addis_Ababa 2:34:48 - LMT 1870    2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT    3:00 - EAT      # Gabon   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Libreville 0:37:48 - LMT 1912    1:00 - WAT      # Gambia - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Africa/Banjul -1:06:36 - LMT 1912 -  -1:06:36 - BMT 1935 # Banjul Mean Time -  -1:00 - WAT 1964 -  0:00 - GMT + # See Africa/Abidjan.      # Ghana   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - # Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to ``the present''; - # go with Shanks & Pottenger. - Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST - Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT + # Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to "the present"; + # Shanks & Pottenger say 1936 to 1942; + # and September 1 to January 1 is given by: + # Scott Keltie J, Epstein M (eds), The Statesman's Year-Book, + # 57th ed. Macmillan, London (1920), OCLC 609408015, pp xxviii. + # For lack of better info, assume DST was observed from 1920 to 1942. + Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST + Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918    0:00 Ghana %s      # Guinea - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Africa/Conakry -0:54:52 - LMT 1912 -  0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26 -  -1:00 - WAT 1960 -  0:00 - GMT + # See Africa/Abidjan.      # Guinea-Bissau   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1911 May 26    -1:00 - WAT 1975    0:00 - GMT      # Kenya   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:570:    3:00 - EAT 1954 Feb 27 23:00s    3:00 1:00 EAST 1954 May 29 23:00s    3:00 - EAT      # Malawi   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Blantyre 2:20:00 - LMT 1903 Mar    2:00 - CAT      # Mali - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Africa/Bamako -0:32:00 - LMT 1912 -  0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26 -  -1:00 - WAT 1960 Jun 20 -  0:00 - GMT -  +    # Mauritania - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Africa/Nouakchott -1:03:48 - LMT 1912 -  0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26 -  -1:00 - WAT 1960 Nov 28 -  0:00 - GMT + # See Africa/Abidjan.      # Mauritius      # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25):   # Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial   # basis....   # It seems that Mauritius observed daylight saving time from 1982-10-10 to   # 1983-03-20 as well, but that was not successful....   # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:605:   # From Arthur David Olson (2008-06-30):   # The www.timeanddate.com article cited by Steffen Thorsen notes that "A   # final decision has yet to be made on the times that daylight saving   # would begin and end on these dates." As a place holder, use midnight.      # From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):   # Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10):   # According to - # <a href="http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216"> +    # http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216 - # </a> +    # (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier   # than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31). The new start   # date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time   # given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time).   #   # A little strange though, since the article says that they moved the date   # to align itself with Europe and USA which also change time on that date,   # but that means they have not paid attention to what happened in   # USA/Canada last year (DST ends first Sunday in November). I also wonder   # why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which   # changes two days later.      # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11):   # Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving   # time: Energy conservation?"-# No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally   # published on Monday, June 30, 2008...   #   # I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction - # de l'heure d'ete" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26 - # and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one. - # ... - # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html"> + # de l'heure d'été" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26 + # and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one....   # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html - # </a> +       # From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03):   # The Government of Mauritius weblink - # <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD"> +    # http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD - # </a> +    # Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows:   #   # 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly   # of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in   # Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of   # the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United   # States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the   # last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on   # the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the - # year 2008 - 2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008 + # year 2008-2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008   # and end on 29 March 2009.      # From Ed Maste (2008-10-07):   # THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the   # beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the   # morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March. - # <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf"> +    # http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf - # </a> +       # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-05):   # According to several sources, Mauritius will not continue to observe   # DST the coming summer...   #   # Some sources, in French: - # <a href="http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB"> +    # http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB - # </a> - # <a href="http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-"> +    # http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints- - # </a> +    #   # Our wrap-up: - # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html"> +    # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html - # </a> +       # From Arthur David Olson (2009-07-11):   # The "mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat" wrapup includes this:   # "The trial ended on March 29, 2009, when the clocks moved back by one hour   # at 2am (or 02:00) local time..."      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 -   Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:697:    4:00 Mauritius MU%sT # Mauritius Time   # Agalega Is, Rodriguez   # no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius      # Mayotte   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou    3:00 - EAT      # Morocco - # See the `europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta). + # See the 'europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).      # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):   # Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between   # 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008.   #   # "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will   # be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to - # Communication Minister and Gov ernment Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...." + # Communication Minister and Government Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...."   # - # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html"> +    # http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html - # </a> - # OR - # <a href="http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html"> +    # http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html - # </a> +       # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):   # The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe Presse: - # <a href="http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view"> +    # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view - # </a> +    #   # Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt.   # spokesman.      # From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09):   # According to this article: - # <a href="http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html"> +    # http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html - # </a> - # (and republished here: - # <a href="http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html"> - # http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html - # </a> - # ) - # the changes occurs at midnight: + # (and republished here: <http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html>) + # the changes occur at midnight:   # - # saturday night may 31st at midnight (which in french is to be - # intrepreted as the night between saturday and sunday) - # sunday night the 28th at midnight + # Saturday night May 31st at midnight (which in French is to be + # interpreted as the night between Saturday and Sunday) + # Sunday night the 28th at midnight   # - # Seeing that the 28th is monday, I am guessing that she intends to say - # the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between sunday and - # monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive - # june1st to sept 27th. + # Seeing that the 28th is Monday, I am guessing that she intends to say + # the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between Sunday and + # Monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive + # June 1st to Sept 27th.   #   # The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree   # published on the web.   #   # It's also confirmed here: - # <a href="http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm"> +    # http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm - # </a> - # on a government portal as being between june 1st and sept 27th (not yet - # posted in english). + # on a government portal as being between June 1st and Sept 27th (not yet + # posted in English).   # - # The following google query will generate many relevant hits: - # <a href="http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search"> + # The following Google query will generate many relevant hits:   # http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search - # </a> +       # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27):   # Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31   # and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end   # of September:   #   # One article about it (in French): - # <a href="http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default"> +    # http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default - # </a> +    #   # We have some further details posted here: - # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html"> +    # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html - # </a> +       # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17):   # Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according   # to many sources, such as - # <a href="http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html"> +    # http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html - # </a> - # <a href="http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312"> +    # http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312 - # </a> +    # (French)   #   # Our summary: - # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html"> +    # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html - # </a> +       # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):   # Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre, - # Ministere de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics + # Ministère de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics   #   # Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 june 1967)   # concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of   # Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be   # advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight.   # - # <a href="http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf"> +    # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf - # </a> - # - # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html"> +    # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html - # </a> +       # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-04-13):   # Several news media in Morocco report that the Ministry of Modernization   # of Public Sectors has announced that Morocco will have DST from   # 2010-05-02 to 2010-08-08.   #   # Example: - # <a href="http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html"> +    # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html - # </a> +    # (French)   # Our page: - # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html"> +    # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html - # </a> +       # From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30):   # ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format)   # The 3rd april 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd april 1:00:00   # The 31th july 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31th July 00:00:00   # ...Official links of change in morocco   # The change was broadcast on the FM Radio   # I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at   # +212.537.71.84.00 - # <a href="http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/"> +    # http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/ - # </a> +    # They said that - # <a href="http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view"> +    # http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view - # </a> +    # is the official publication to look at.   # They said that the decision was already taken.   #   # More articles in the press - # <a href="http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-lev"> - # http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-lev - # </a> - # e.html - # <a href="http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923"> + # http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-leve.html   # http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923 - # </a> - # <a href="http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim"> +    # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim - # anche-prochain-5538.html - # </a> +       # From Petr Machata (2011-03-30):   # They have it written in English here: - # <a href="http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view"> +    # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view - # </a> +    #   # It says there that "Morocco will resume its standard time on July 31,   # 2011 at midnight." Now they don't say whether they mean midnight of   # wall clock time (i.e. 11pm UTC), but that's what I would assume. It has   # also been like that in the past.      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-03-09): - # According to Infom&eacute;diaire web site from Morocco (infomediaire.ma), - # on March 9, 2012, (in French) Heure l&eacute;gale: - # Le Maroc adopte officiellement l'heure d'&eacute;t&eacute; - # <a href="http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9"> + # According to Infomédiaire web site from Morocco (infomediaire.ma), + # on March 9, 2012, (in French) Heure légale: + # Le Maroc adopte officiellement l'heure d'été   # http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9 - # </a> +    # Governing Council adopted draft decree, that Morocco DST starts on   # the last Sunday of March (March 25, 2012) and ends on   # last Sunday of September (September 30, 2012)   # except the month of Ramadan.   # or (brief) - # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html"> +    # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html - # </a> +       # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-10):   # The infomediaire.ma source indicates that the system is to be in   # effect every year. It gives 03H00 as the "fall back" time of day;   # it lacks a "spring forward" time of day; assume 2:00 XXX.   # Wait on specifying the Ramadan exception for details about   # start date, start time of day, end date, and end time of day XXX.      # From Christophe Tropamer (2012-03-16):   # Seen Morocco change again: - # <a href="http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php"> +    # http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php - # </a> - # "...&agrave; partir du dernier dimance d'avril et non fins mars, - # comme annonc&eacute; pr&eacute;c&eacute;demment." + # "...à partir du dernier dimanche d'avril et non fins mars, + # comme annoncé précédemment."      # From Milamber Space Network (2012-07-17):   # The official return to GMT is announced by the Moroccan government: - # <a href="http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288"> +    # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288 [in French] - # </a> +    #   # Google translation, lightly edited:   # Back to the standard time of the Kingdom (GMT)   # Pursuant to Decree No. 2-12-126 issued on 26 Jumada (I) 1433 (April 18,   # 2012) and in accordance with the order of Mr. President of the   # Government No. 3-47-12 issued on 24 Sha'ban (11 July 2012), the Ministry   # of Public Service and Administration Modernization announces the return   # of the legal time of the Kingdom (GMT) from Friday, July 20, 2012 until   # Monday, August 20, 2012. So the time will be delayed by 60 minutes from   # 3:00 am Friday, July 20, 2012 and will again be advanced by 60 minutes
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:1045:   #   # From Gwillim Law (2013-10-22):   # A correspondent who is usually well informed about time zone matters   # ... says that Western Sahara observes daylight saving time, just as   # Morocco does.   #   # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-23):   # Assume that this has been true since Western Sahara switched to GMT,   # since most of it was then controlled by Morocco.    - Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan + Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan # El Aaiún    -1:00 - WAT 1976 Apr 14    0:00 Morocco WE%sT      # Mozambique   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar    2:00 - CAT      # Namibia   # The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:1095:   Zone Africa/Niamey 0:08:28 - LMT 1912    -1:00 - WAT 1934 Feb 26    0:00 - GMT 1960    1:00 - WAT      # Nigeria   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep    1:00 - WAT    - # Reunion + # Réunion   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis -  4:00 - RET # Reunion Time +  4:00 - RET # Réunion Time   # - # Scattered Islands (Iles Eparses) administered from Reunion are as follows. + # Crozet Islands also observes Réunion time; see the 'antarctica' file. + # + # Scattered Islands (Îles Éparses) administered from Réunion are as follows.   # The following information about them is taken from - # Iles Eparses (www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm, 1997-07-22, in French; - # no longer available as of 1999-08-17). + # Îles Éparses (<http://www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm>, 1997-07-22, + # in French; no longer available as of 1999-08-17).   # We have no info about their time zone histories.   #   # Bassas da India - uninhabited   # Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families   # Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958   # Juan de Nova - uninhabited   # Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958      # Rwanda   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Kigali 2:00:16 - LMT 1935 Jun    2:00 - CAT      # St Helena - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Atlantic/St_Helena -0:22:48 - LMT 1890 # Jamestown -  -0:22:48 - JMT 1951 # Jamestown Mean Time -  0:00 - GMT + # See Africa/Abidjan.   # The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:   # Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA - # Ascension: on GMT, says usno1995 and the CIA + # Ascension: on GMT, say the USNO (1995-12-21) and the CIA   # Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):   # on GMT, says the CIA - # Inaccessible, Nightingale: no information, but probably GMT + # Inaccessible, Nightingale: uninhabited    - # Sao Tome and Principe - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Africa/Sao_Tome 0:26:56 - LMT 1884 -  -0:36:32 - LMT 1912 # Lisbon Mean Time -  0:00 - GMT -  + # São Tomé and Príncipe   # Senegal - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Africa/Dakar -1:09:44 - LMT 1912 -  -1:00 - WAT 1941 Jun -  0:00 - GMT + # See Africa/Abidjan.      # Seychelles   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria    4:00 - SCT # Seychelles Time   # From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):   # Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the   # Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory   # in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know   # whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.   # Possibly the islands were uninhabited.      # Sierra Leone - # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - # Whitman gives Mar 31 - Aug 31 for 1931 on; go with Shanks & Pottenger. - Rule SL 1935 1942 - Jun 1 0:00 0:40 SLST - Rule SL 1935 1942 - Oct 1 0:00 0 WAT - Rule SL 1957 1962 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 SLST - Rule SL 1957 1962 - Sep 1 0:00 0 GMT - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Africa/Freetown -0:53:00 - LMT 1882 -  -0:53:00 - FMT 1913 Jun # Freetown Mean Time -  -1:00 SL %s 1957 -  0:00 SL %s + # See Africa/Abidjan.      # Somalia   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Mogadishu 3:01:28 - LMT 1893 Nov    3:00 - EAT 1931    2:30 - BEAT 1957    3:00 - EAT      # South Africa   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:1186:   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 - LMT 1892 Feb 8    1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar    2:00 SA SAST   # Marion and Prince Edward Is   # scientific station since 1947   # no information      # Sudan   # - # From <a href="http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html"> - # Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13) - # </a>, also reported by Michael De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen: + # From <http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html> + # Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13), + # also reported by Michaël De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:   # Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon   # Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for   # Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin.   #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 -   Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:1219:    2:00 - SAST      # Tanzania   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Dar_es_Salaam 2:37:08 - LMT 1931    3:00 - EAT 1948    2:45 - BEAUT 1961    3:00 - EAT      # Togo - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Africa/Lome 0:04:52 - LMT 1893 -  0:00 - GMT + # See Africa/Abidjan.      # Tunisia      # From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30): - # My correspondent, Risto Nykanen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST, + # My correspondent, Risto Nykänen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,   # this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News   # <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP   # and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by   # one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be   # UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next   # Saturday." (My translation)   #   # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02): - # LaPresse, the first national daily newspaper ... + # La Presse, the first national daily newspaper ...   # <http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html>   # ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,   # 1h standard time.   #   # From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):   # The daylight saving time will be the same each year:   # Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00   # Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ...   # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50      # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16):   # According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year.   # (Arabic) - # <a href="http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546"> +    # http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546 - # </a> - # <a href="http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp"> +    # http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp - # </a> +    #   # We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia.   # We have a wrap-up about this on the following page: - # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html"> +    # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html - # </a> +       # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):   # Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency   #   # Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn):   #   # (in English) - # <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157"> +    # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157 - # </a> +    #   # (in Arabic) - # <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1"> +    # http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1 - # </a> +     - # From Arthur David Olson (2009--3-18): - # The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is due to the fact - # that the fasting month of ramadan coincides with the period concerned by summer time. - # Therefore, the standard time will be kept unchanged the whole year long." - # So foregoing DST seems to be an exception (albeit one that may be repeated in the future). + # From Arthur David Olson (2009-03-18): + # The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is + # due to the fact that the fasting month of Ramadan coincides with the period + # concerned by summer time. Therefore, the standard time will be kept + # unchanged the whole year long." So foregoing DST seems to be an exception + # (albeit one that may be repeated in the future).      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-27):   # According to some news reports Tunis confirmed not to use DST in 2010   #   # (translation):   # "The Tunisian government has decided to abandon DST, which was scheduled on   # Sunday...   # Tunisian authorities had suspended the DST for the first time last year also   # coincided with the month of Ramadan..."   #   # (in Arabic) - # <a href="http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1"> +    # http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1 - # <a href="http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036"> +    # http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036 - # or - # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html"> +    # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -   Rule Tunisia 1940 only - Feb 25 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Tunisia 1941 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 -   Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Mar 9 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 -   Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 S