pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / africa

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:1: - # @(#)africa 7.34 + # <pre> + # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of + # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.      # This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,   # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to - # tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future). + # tz@iana.org for general use in the future).    - # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1999-03-22): + # From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):   #   # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is - # Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition), - # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999). + # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition), + # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).   # - # Gwillim Law <Gwil_Law@bridge-point.com> writes that a good source + # Gwillim Law writes that a good source   # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport   # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),   # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries   # of the IATA's data after 1990.   # - # Except where otherwise noted, Shanks is the source for entries through 1990, - # and IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990. + # Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for + # entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.   #   # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,   # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which   # I found in the UCLA library.   # -  + # For data circa 1899, a common source is: + # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94 + # <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>. + #   # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is   # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).   #   # Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT   # for +0:00 through +3:00, respectively, - # but Mark R V Murray <markm@grondar.za> reports that + # but Mark R V Murray reports that   # `SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa,   # `CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and   # `WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for   # the area that includes Nigeria is ``West Africa''.   # He has heard of ``Western Sahara Time'' for +0:00 but can find no reference.   #   # To make things confusing, `WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago;   # I'd guess that this was because people needed _some_ name for -1:00,   # and at the time, far west Africa was the only major land area in -1:00.   # This usage is now obsolete, as the last use of -1:00 on the African
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:57:   # 2:30 BEAT British East Africa Time (no longer used)   # 2:45 BEAUT British East Africa Unified Time (no longer used)   # 3:00 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)   # 3:00 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)   # 3:00 EAT East Africa Time   # 4:00 EAST East Africa Summer Time (no longer used)      # Algeria   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S - Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun<=7 23:00s 0 - + Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -   Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -   Rule Algeria 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1921 only - Jun 21 23:00s 0 -   Rule Algeria 1939 only - Sep 11 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1939 only - Nov 19 1:00 0 - - Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon<=7 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1944 only - Oct 8 2:00 0 -   Rule Algeria 1945 only - Sep 16 1:00 0 -   Rule Algeria 1971 only - Apr 25 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1971 only - Sep 26 23:00s 0 -   Rule Algeria 1977 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1977 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 -   Rule Algeria 1978 only - Mar 24 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1978 only - Sep 22 3:00 0 -   Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 - - # Shanks gives 0:09 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's more precise 0:09:21. + # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's + # more precise 0:09:21.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01    0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time    0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00    1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7    0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29    1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14    0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21    1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26    0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May    1:00 - CET      # Angola   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Luanda 0:52:56 - LMT 1892 -  0:52:04 - LMT 1911 May 26 # Luanda Mean Time? +  0:52:04 - AOT 1911 May 26 # Angola Time    1:00 - WAT      # Benin - # Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1946, not 1934; go with Shanks. + # Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1946, not 1934; + # go with Shanks & Pottenger.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Porto-Novo 0:10:28 - LMT 1912    0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26    1:00 - WAT      # Botswana -  + # From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21): + # Milne says they were regulated by the Cape Town Signal in 1899; + # assume they switched to 2:00 when Cape Town did.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Gaborone 1:43:40 - LMT 1885 -  +  1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar    2:00 - CAT 1943 Sep 19 2:00    2:00 1:00 CAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00    2:00 - CAT      # Burkina Faso   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Ouagadougou -0:06:04 - LMT 1912    0:00 - GMT      # Burundi   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Bujumbura 1:57:28 - LMT 1890    2:00 - CAT      # Cameroon - # Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1920; go with Shanks. + # Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1920; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Douala 0:38:48 - LMT 1912    1:00 - WAT      # Cape Verde   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia    -2:00 - CVT 1942 Sep    -2:00 1:00 CVST 1945 Oct 15    -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:178:      # Djibouti   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Djibouti 2:52:36 - LMT 1911 Jul    3:00 - EAT      ###############################################################################      # Egypt    + # Milne says Cairo used 2:05:08.9, the local mean time of the Abbasizeh + # observatory; round to nearest. Milne also says that the official time for + # Egypt was mean noon at the Great Pyramid, 2:04:30.5, but apparently this + # did not apply to Cairo, Alexandria, or Port Said. +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Egypt 1940 only - Jul 15 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Egypt 1940 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Egypt 1941 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Egypt 1941 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -   Rule Egypt 1942 1944 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Egypt 1942 only - Oct 27 0:00 0 -   Rule Egypt 1943 1945 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Egypt 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Egypt 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:200:   Rule Egypt 1959 1981 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Egypt 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -   Rule Egypt 1966 1994 - Oct 1 3:00 0 -   Rule Egypt 1982 only - Jul 25 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Egypt 1983 only - Jul 12 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Egypt 1984 1988 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Egypt 1989 only - May 6 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Egypt 1990 1994 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S   # IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00.   # Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29. - Rule Egypt 1995 max - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S - Rule Egypt 1995 max - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 - +     -  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-04-20): + # "...Egypt's interim cabinet decided on Wednesday to cancel daylight + # saving time after a poll posted on its website showed the majority of + # Egyptians would approve the cancellation." + # + # Egypt to cancel daylight saving time + # <a href="http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168"> + # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168 + # </a> + # or + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html + # </a> + Rule Egypt 1995 2010 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S + Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 - + # From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19): + # The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports: + # Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday + # after observing the daylight saving time since May. + # http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf + Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 23:00s 0 - + # From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14): + # I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight + # saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07. + # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:] + # http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm + # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53 + # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...: + # http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm + Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 23:00s 0 - + # From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06): + # Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter + # than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each + # year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite + # hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by + # shifting business hours one hour out of daytime heat. Consequently, + # unless discontinued, next DST may end Thursday 28 August 2008. + # From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17): + # For lack of better info, assume the new rule is last Thursday in August. +  + # From Petr Machata (2009-04-06): + # The following appeared in Red Hat bugzilla[1] (edited): + # + # > $ zdump -v /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo | grep 2009 + # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 21:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu = + # Apr 23 + # > 23:59:59 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200 + # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 22:00:00 2009 UTC = Fri = + # Apr 24 + # > 01:00:00 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800 + # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 20:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu = + # Aug 27 + # > 23:59:59 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800 + # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 21:00:00 2009 UTC = Thu = + # Aug 27 + # > 23:00:00 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200 + # + # > end date should be Thu Sep 24 2009 (Last Thursday in September at 23:59= + # :59) + # > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/ + # + # timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that. + # + # [1] <a href="https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263"> + # https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263 + # </a> + # [2] <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53 + # </a> + # [3] <a href="http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/"> + # http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/ + # </a> +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20): + # In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth + # Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday + # in September. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-11): + # We have been able to confirm the August change with the Egyptian Cabinet + # Information and Decision Support Center: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html + # </a> + # + # The Middle East News Agency + # <a href="http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx"> + # http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx + # </a> + # also reports "Egypt starts winter time on August 21" + # today in article numbered "71, 11/08/2009 12:25 GMT." + # Only the title above is available without a subscription to their service, + # and can be found by searching for "winter" in their search engine + # (at least today). +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-07-20): + # According to News from Egypt - Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has + # decided that Daylight Saving Time will not be used in Egypt during + # Ramadan. + # + # Arabic translation: + # "Clocks to go back during Ramadan--and then forward again" + # <a href="http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again"> + # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again + # </a> + # or + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html + # </a> +  + Rule Egypt 2008 only - Aug lastThu 23:00s 0 - + Rule Egypt 2009 only - Aug 20 23:00s 0 - + Rule Egypt 2010 only - Aug 11 0:00 0 - + Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep 10 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 - +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:00 - LMT 1900 Oct + Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:09 - LMT 1900 Oct    2:00 Egypt EE%sT      # Equatorial Guinea   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Malabo 0:35:08 - LMT 1912    0:00 - GMT 1963 Dec 15    1:00 - WAT      # Eritrea   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Africa/Asmera 2:35:32 - LMT 1870 -  2:35:32 - AMT 1890 # Asmera Mean Time + Zone Africa/Asmara 2:35:32 - LMT 1870 +  2:35:32 - AMT 1890 # Asmara Mean Time    2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT    3:00 - EAT      # Ethiopia - # From Paul Eggert (1997-10-05): - # Shanks writes that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time zones between - # 1870 and 1890, and that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in 1890. + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # Shanks & Pottenger write that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time zones + # between 1870 and 1890, and that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in 1890.   # We'll guess that 38E50 is for Adis Dera.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Addis_Ababa 2:34:48 - LMT 1870    2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT    3:00 - EAT      # Gabon   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Libreville 0:37:48 - LMT 1912    1:00 - WAT      # Gambia   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Banjul -1:06:36 - LMT 1912    -1:06:36 - BMT 1935 # Banjul Mean Time    -1:00 - WAT 1964    0:00 - GMT      # Ghana   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - # Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to ``the present''; go with Shanks. + # Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to ``the present''; + # go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST   Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918    0:00 Ghana %s      # Guinea   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Conakry -0:54:52 - LMT 1912    0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:280:    3:00 - EAT      # Lesotho   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Maseru 1:50:00 - LMT 1903 Mar    2:00 - SAST 1943 Sep 19 2:00    2:00 1:00 SAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00    2:00 - SAST      # Liberia - # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1993-11-18): + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch - # from a UTC offset that was not a multiple of 15 minutes. + # from a UTC offset that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes.   # Howse reports that it was in honor of their president's birthday. - # Shanks reports the date as May 1, whereas Howse reports Jan; go with Shanks. - # For Liberia before 1972, Shanks reports -0:44, whereas Howse and Whitman - # each report -0:44:30; go with the more precise figure. + # Shank & Pottenger report the date as May 1, whereas Howse reports Jan; + # go with Shanks & Pottenger. + # For Liberia before 1972, Shanks & Pottenger report -0:44, whereas Howse and + # Whitman each report -0:44:30; go with the more precise figure.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882    -0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time    -0:44:30 - LRT 1972 May # Liberia Time    0:00 - GMT      ###############################################################################      # Libya    -  + # From Even Scharning (2012-11-10): + # Libya set their time one hour back at 02:00 on Saturday November 10. + # http://www.libyaherald.com/2012/11/04/clocks-to-go-back-an-hour-on-saturday/ + # Here is an official source [in Arabic]: http://ls.ly/fb6Yc + # + # Steffen Thorsen forwarded a translation (2012-11-10) in + # http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2012-November/018451.html + # + # From Tim Parenti (2012-11-11): + # Treat the 2012-11-10 change as a zone change from UTC+2 to UTC+1. + # The DST rules planned for 2013 and onward roughly mirror those of Europe + # (either two days before them or five days after them, so as to fall on + # lastFri instead of lastSun). +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Libya 1952 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Libya 1953 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Libya 1954 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Libya 1955 only - Sep 30 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Libya 1956 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Libya 1982 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Libya 1982 1985 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Libya 1985 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Libya 1986 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Libya 1986 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -   Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Libya 1987 1990 - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Libya 1997 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Libya 1997 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 - + Rule Libya 2013 max - Mar lastFri 1:00 1:00 S + Rule Libya 2013 max - Oct lastFri 2:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920    1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959    2:00 - EET 1982    1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4 - # The following entries are all from Shanks; + # The 1996 and 1997 entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;   # the IATA SSIM data contain some obvious errors.    2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30 -  1:00 - CET 1997 Apr 4 -  1:00 1:00 CEST 1997 Oct 4 -  2:00 - EET +  1:00 Libya CE%sT 1997 Oct 4 +  2:00 - EET 2012 Nov 10 2:00 +  1:00 Libya CE%sT      # Madagascar   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Antananarivo 3:10:04 - LMT 1911 Jul    3:00 - EAT 1954 Feb 27 23:00s    3:00 1:00 EAST 1954 May 29 23:00s    3:00 - EAT      # Malawi   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Blantyre 2:20:00 - LMT 1903 Mar    2:00 - CAT      # Mali   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Bamako -0:32:00 - LMT 1912    0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26    -1:00 - WAT 1960 Jun 20    0:00 - GMT - # no longer different from Bamako, but too famous to omit - Zone Africa/Timbuktu -0:12:04 - LMT 1912 -  0:00 - GMT +       # Mauritania   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Nouakchott -1:03:48 - LMT 1912    0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26    -1:00 - WAT 1960 Nov 28    0:00 - GMT      # Mauritius -  +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25): + # Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial + # basis.... + # It seems that Mauritius observed daylight saving time from 1982-10-10 to + # 1983-03-20 as well, but that was not successful.... + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html +  + # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-06-25): + # http://economicdevelopment.gov.mu/portal/site/Mainhomepage/menuitem.a42b24128104d9845dabddd154508a0c/?content_id=0a7cee8b5d69a110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2008-06-30): + # The www.timeanddate.com article cited by Steffen Thorsen notes that "A + # final decision has yet to be made on the times that daylight saving + # would begin and end on these dates." As a place holder, use midnight. +  + # From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30): + # Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10): + # According to + # <a href="http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216"> + # http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216 + # </a> + # (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier + # than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31). The new start + # date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time + # given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time). + # + # A little strange though, since the article says that they moved the date + # to align itself with Europe and USA which also change time on that date, + # but that means they have not paid attention to what happened in + # USA/Canada last year (DST ends first Sunday in November). I also wonder + # why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which + # changes two days later. +  + # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11): + # Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving + # time: Energy conservation?"-# No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally + # published on Monday, June 30, 2008... + # + # I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction + # de l'heure d'ete" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26 + # and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one. + # ... + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html + # </a> +  + # From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03): + # The Government of Mauritius weblink + # <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD"> + # http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD + # </a> + # Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows: + # + # 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly + # of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in + # Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of + # the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United + # States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the + # last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on + # the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the + # year 2008 - 2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008 + # and end on 29 March 2009. +  + # From Ed Maste (2008-10-07): + # THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the + # beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the + # morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March. + # <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf"> + # http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf + # </a> +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-05): + # According to several sources, Mauritius will not continue to observe + # DST the coming summer... + # + # Some sources, in French: + # <a href="http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB"> + # http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB + # </a> + # <a href="http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-"> + # http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints- + # </a> + # + # Our wrap-up: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html + # </a> +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2009-07-11): + # The "mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat" wrapup includes this: + # "The trial ended on March 29, 2009, when the clocks moved back by one hour + # at 2am (or 02:00) local time..." +  + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 - + Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Mauritius 2009 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis -  4:00 - MUT # Mauritius Time +  4:00 Mauritius MU%sT # Mauritius Time   # Agalega Is, Rodriguez   # no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius      # Mayotte   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou    3:00 - EAT      # Morocco   # See the `europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta). -  +  + # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09): + # Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between + # 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008. + # + # "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will + # be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to + # Communication Minister and Gov ernment Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...." + # + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html + # </a> + # OR + # <a href="http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html"> + # http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html + # </a> +  + # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09): + # The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe Presse: + # <a href="http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view"> + # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view + # </a> + # + # Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt. + # spokesman. +  + # From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09): + # According to this article: + # <a href="http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html"> + # http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html + # </a> + # (and republished here: + # <a href="http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html"> + # http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html + # </a> + # ) + # the changes occurs at midnight: + # + # saturday night may 31st at midnight (which in french is to be + # intrepreted as the night between saturday and sunday) + # sunday night the 28th at midnight + # + # Seeing that the 28th is monday, I am guessing that she intends to say + # the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between sunday and + # monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive + # june1st to sept 27th. + # + # The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree + # published on the web. + # + # It's also confirmed here: + # <a href="http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm"> + # http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm + # </a> + # on a government portal as being between june 1st and sept 27th (not yet + # posted in english). + # + # The following google query will generate many relevant hits: + # <a href="http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search"> + # http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search + # </a> +  + # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09): + # Is Western Sahara (part which administrated by Morocco) going to follow + # Morocco DST changes? Any information? What about other part of + # Western Sahara - under administration of POLISARIO Front (also named + # SADR Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic)? +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2008-05-09): + # XXX--guess that it is only Morocco for now; guess only 2008 for now. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27): + # Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31 + # and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end + # of September: + # + # One article about it (in French): + # <a href="http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default"> + # http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default + # </a> + # + # We have some further details posted here: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html + # </a> +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17): + # Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according + # to many sources, such as + # <a href="http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html"> + # http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html + # </a> + # <a href="http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312"> + # http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312 + # </a> + # (French) + # + # Our summary: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html + # </a> +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17): + # Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre, + # Ministere de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics + # + # Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 june 1967) + # concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of + # Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be + # advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight. + # + # <a href="http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf"> + # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf + # </a> + # + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html + # </a> +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-04-13): + # Several news media in Morocco report that the Ministry of Modernization + # of Public Sectors has announced that Morocco will have DST from + # 2010-05-02 to 2010-08-08. + # + # Example: + # <a href="http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html"> + # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html + # </a> + # (French) + # Our page: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html + # </a> +  + # From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30): + # ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format) + # The 3rd april 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd april 1:00:00 + # The 31th july 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31th July 00:00:00 + # ...Official links of change in morocco + # The change was broadcast on the FM Radio + # I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at + # +212.537.71.84.00 + # <a href="http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/"> + # http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/ + # </a> + # They said that + # <a href="http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view"> + # http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view + # </a> + # is the official publication to look at. + # They said that the decision was already taken. + # + # More articles in the press + # <a href="http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-lev"> + # http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-lev + # </a> + # e.html + # <a href="http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923"> + # http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923 + # </a> + # <a href="http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim"> + # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim + # anche-prochain-5538.html + # </a> +  + # From Petr Machata (2011-03-30): + # They have it written in English here: + # <a href="http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view"> + # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view + # </a> + # + # It says there that "Morocco will resume its standard time on July 31, + # 2011 at midnight." Now they don't say whether they mean midnight of + # wall clock time (i.e. 11pm UTC), but that's what I would assume. It has + # also been like that in the past. +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-03-09): + # According to Infom&eacute;diaire web site from Morocco (infomediaire.ma), + # on March 9, 2012, (in French) Heure l&eacute;gale: + # Le Maroc adopte officiellement l'heure d'&eacute;t&eacute; + # <a href="http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9"> + # http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9 + # </a> + # Governing Council adopted draft decree, that Morocco DST starts on + # the last Sunday of March (March 25, 2012) and ends on + # last Sunday of September (September 30, 2012) + # except the month of Ramadan. + # or (brief) + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html + # </a> +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-10): + # The infomediaire.ma source indicates that the system is to be in + # effect every year. It gives 03H00 as the "fall back" time of day; + # it lacks a "spring forward" time of day; assume 2:00 XXX. + # Wait on specifying the Ramadan exception for details about + # start date, start time of day, end date, and end time of day XXX. +  + # From Christophe Tropamer (2012-03-16): + # Seen Morocco change again: + # <a href="http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php"> + # http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php + # </a> + # "...&agrave; partir du dernier dimance d'avril et non fins mars, + # comme annonc&eacute; pr&eacute;c&eacute;demment." +  + # From Milamber Space Network (2012-07-17): + # The official return to GMT is announced by the Moroccan government: + # <a href="http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288"> + # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288 [in French] + # </a> + # + # Google translation, lightly edited: + # Back to the standard time of the Kingdom (GMT) + # Pursuant to Decree No. 2-12-126 issued on 26 Jumada (I) 1433 (April 18, + # 2012) and in accordance with the order of Mr. President of the + # Government No. 3-47-12 issued on 24 Sha'ban (11 July 2012), the Ministry + # of Public Service and Administration Modernization announces the return + # of the legal time of the Kingdom (GMT) from Friday, July 20, 2012 until + # Monday, August 20, 2012. So the time will be delayed by 60 minutes from + # 3:00 am Friday, July 20, 2012 and will again be advanced by 60 minutes + # August 20, 2012 from 2:00 am. +  + # From Paul Eggert (2013-03-06): + # Morocco's daylight-saving transitions due to Ramadan seem to be + # announced a bit in advance. On 2012-07-11 the Moroccan government + # announced that year's Ramadan daylight-saving transitions would be + # 2012-07-20 and 2012-08-20; see + # <http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288>. + # + # To estimate what the Moroccan government will do in future years, + # transition dates for 2013 through 2021 were determined by running + # the following program under GNU Emacs 24.3: + # + # (let ((islamic-year 1434)) + # (while (< islamic-year 1444) + # (let ((a + # (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute + # (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 9 1 islamic-year)))) + # (b + # (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute + # (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 10 1 islamic-year))))) + # (insert + # (format + # (concat "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t %2d\t 3:00\t0\t-\n" + # "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t %2d\t 2:00\t1:00\tS\n") + # (car (cdr (cdr a))) (calendar-month-name (car a) t) (car (cdr a)) + # (car (cdr (cdr b))) (calendar-month-name (car b) t) (car (cdr b))))) + # (setq islamic-year (+ 1 islamic-year)))) + # + # with the results hand-edited for 2020-2022, when the normal spring-forward + # date falls during the estimated Ramadan. + # + # From 2023 through 2038 Ramadan is not predicted to overlap with + # daylight saving time. Starting in 2039 there will be overlap again, + # but 32-bit time_t values roll around in 2038 so for now do not worry + # about dates after 2038. +    # RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S -  +    Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 -   Rule Morocco 1940 only - Feb 25 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Morocco 1945 only - Nov 18 0:00 0 -   Rule Morocco 1950 only - Jun 11 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Morocco 1950 only - Oct 29 0:00 0 -   Rule Morocco 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 S   Rule Morocco 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Morocco 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Morocco 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Morocco 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Morocco 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Morocco 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -   Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 - -  + Rule Morocco 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2008 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Morocco 2009 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2009 only - Aug 21 0:00 0 - + Rule Morocco 2010 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2010 only - Aug 8 0:00 0 - + Rule Morocco 2011 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2011 only - Jul 31 0 0 - + Rule Morocco 2012 2019 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2012 max - Sep lastSun 3:00 0 - + Rule Morocco 2012 only - Jul 20 3:00 0 - + Rule Morocco 2012 only - Aug 20 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2013 only - Jul 9 3:00 0 - + Rule Morocco 2013 only - Aug 8 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2014 only - Jun 29 3:00 0 - + Rule Morocco 2014 only - Jul 29 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jun 18 3:00 0 - + Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jul 18 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jun 7 3:00 0 - + Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jul 7 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2017 only - May 27 3:00 0 - + Rule Morocco 2017 only - Jun 26 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2018 only - May 16 3:00 0 - + Rule Morocco 2018 only - Jun 15 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2019 only - May 6 3:00 0 - + Rule Morocco 2019 only - Jun 5 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2020 only - May 24 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2021 only - May 13 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2022 only - May 3 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Morocco 2023 max - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 S +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26    0:00 Morocco WE%sT 1984 Mar 16    1:00 - CET 1986 -  0:00 - WET +  0:00 Morocco WE%sT   # Western Sahara   Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan    -1:00 - WAT 1976 Apr 14    0:00 - WET      # Mozambique   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar    2:00 - CAT      # Namibia - # The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks. - # Shanks reports no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA. + # The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger. + # Shanks & Pottenger report no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA. +  + # From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30) in + # <http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html>: + # While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other + # settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there + # rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of + # Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of + # the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest + # of the country. + # + # From Paul Eggert (2007-03-31): + # Apparently the Caprivi Strip informally observes Botswana time, but + # we have no details. In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone. +    # RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8    1:30 - SWAT 1903 Mar # SW Africa Time    2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00    2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00    2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence    2:00 - CAT 1994 Apr 3
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:474:   # Senegal   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Dakar -1:09:44 - LMT 1912    -1:00 - WAT 1941 Jun    0:00 - GMT      # Seychelles   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria    4:00 - SCT # Seychelles Time + # From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30): + # Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the + # Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory + # in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know + # whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now. + # Possibly the islands were uninhabited.      # Sierra Leone   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - # Whitman gives Mar 31 - Aug 31 for 1931 on; go with Shanks. + # Whitman gives Mar 31 - Aug 31 for 1931 on; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule SL 1935 1942 - Jun 1 0:00 0:40 SLST   Rule SL 1935 1942 - Oct 1 0:00 0 WAT   Rule SL 1957 1962 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 SLST   Rule SL 1957 1962 - Sep 1 0:00 0 GMT   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Freetown -0:53:00 - LMT 1882    -0:53:00 - FMT 1913 Jun # Freetown Mean Time    -1:00 SL %s 1957    0:00 SL %s   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:526:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 -   Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931    2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00    3:00 - EAT    + # South Sudan + Zone Africa/Juba 2:06:24 - LMT 1931 +  2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00 +  3:00 - EAT +    # Swaziland   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Mbabane 2:04:24 - LMT 1903 Mar    2:00 - SAST      # Tanzania   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Dar_es_Salaam 2:37:08 - LMT 1931    3:00 - EAT 1948    2:45 - BEAUT 1961    3:00 - EAT      # Togo   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Lome 0:04:52 - LMT 1893    0:00 - GMT      # Tunisia -  +  + # From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30): + # My correspondent, Risto Nykanen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST, + # this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News + # <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP + # and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by + # one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be + # UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next + # Saturday." (My translation) + # + # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02): + # LaPresse, the first national daily newspaper ... + # <http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html> + # ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30, + # 1h standard time. + # + # From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28): + # The daylight saving time will be the same each year: + # Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00 + # Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ... + # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50 +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16): + # According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year. + # (Arabic) + # <a href="http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546"> + # http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546 + # </a> + # <a href="http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp"> + # http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp + # </a> + # + # We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia. + # We have a wrap-up about this on the following page: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html + # </a> +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17): + # Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency + # + # Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn): + # + # (in English) + # <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157"> + # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157 + # </a> + # + # (in Arabic) + # <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1"> + # http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1 + # </a> +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2009--3-18): + # The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is due to the fact + # that the fasting month of ramadan coincides with the period concerned by summer time. + # Therefore, the standard time will be kept unchanged the whole year long." + # So foregoing DST seems to be an exception (albeit one that may be repeated in the future). +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-27): + # According to some news reports Tunis confirmed not to use DST in 2010 + # + # (translation): + # "The Tunisian government has decided to abandon DST, which was scheduled on + # Sunday... + # Tunisian authorities had suspended the DST for the first time last year also + # coincided with the month of Ramadan..." + # + # (in Arabic) + # <a href="http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1"> + # http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1 + # <a href="http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036"> + # http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036 + # or + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -   Rule Tunisia 1940 only - Feb 25 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Tunisia 1941 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 -   Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Mar 9 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 -   Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 17 2:00 0 -   Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 25 2:00 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/africa:566:   Rule Tunisia 1944 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -   Rule Tunisia 1945 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -   Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Apr 30 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Sep 24 0:00s 0 -   Rule Tunisia 1978 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Tunisia 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -   Rule Tunisia 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Tunisia 1988 1990 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -   Rule Tunisia 1989 only - Mar 26 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Tunisia 1990 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S - # Shanks gives 0:09 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's more precise 0:09:21. - # Shanks says the 1911 switch occurred on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11. + Rule Tunisia 2005 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S + Rule Tunisia 2005 only - Sep 30 1:00s 0 - + Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S + Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 - +  + # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's + # more precise 0:09:21. + # Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12    0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time    1:00 Tunisia CE%sT      # Uganda   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Africa/Kampala 2:09:40 - LMT 1928 Jul    3:00 - EAT 1930    2:30 - BEAT 1948