pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / antarctica

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/antarctica:1: - # @(#)antarctica 7.18 + # <pre> + # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of + # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.      # From Paul Eggert (1999-11-15):   # To keep things manageable, we list only locations occupied year-round; see   # <a href="http://www.comnap.aq/comnap/comnap.nsf/P/Stations/">   # COMNAP - Stations and Bases   # </a>   # and   # <a href="http://www.spri.cam.ac.uk/bob/periant.htm">   # Summary of the Peri-Antarctic Islands (1998-07-23)   # </a>   # for information.   # Unless otherwise specified, we have no time zone information.   #   # Except for the French entries,   # I made up all time zone abbreviations mentioned here; corrections welcome! - # FORMAT is `___' and GMTOFF is 0 for locations while uninhabited. + # FORMAT is 'zzz' and GMTOFF is 0 for locations while uninhabited.    - # These rules are stolen from the `southamerica' file. + # These rules are stolen from the 'southamerica' file.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule ArgAQ 1964 1966 - Mar 1 0:00 0 -   Rule ArgAQ 1964 1966 - Oct 15 0:00 1:00 S - Rule ArgAQ 1967 only - Apr 1 0:00 0 - - Rule ArgAQ 1967 1968 - Oct Sun<=7 0:00 1:00 S - Rule ArgAQ 1968 1969 - Apr Sun<=7 0:00 0 - + Rule ArgAQ 1967 only - Apr 2 0:00 0 - + Rule ArgAQ 1967 1968 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule ArgAQ 1968 1969 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 0 -   Rule ArgAQ 1974 only - Jan 23 0:00 1:00 S   Rule ArgAQ 1974 only - May 1 0:00 0 - - Rule ArgAQ 1974 1976 - Oct Sun<=7 0:00 1:00 S - Rule ArgAQ 1975 1977 - Apr Sun<=7 0:00 0 - - Rule ChileAQ 1969 1997 - Oct Sun>=9 0:00 1:00 S - Rule ChileAQ 1970 1998 - Mar Sun>=9 0:00 0 - - Rule ChileAQ 1998 only - Sep 27 0:00 1:00 S - Rule ChileAQ 1999 only - Apr 4 0:00 0 - - Rule ChileAQ 1999 max - Oct Sun>=9 0:00 1:00 S - Rule ChileAQ 2000 max - Mar Sun>=9 0:00 0 - + Rule ChileAQ 1972 1986 - Mar Sun>=9 3:00u 0 - + Rule ChileAQ 1974 1987 - Oct Sun>=9 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule ChileAQ 1987 only - Apr 12 3:00u 0 - + Rule ChileAQ 1988 1989 - Mar Sun>=9 3:00u 0 - + Rule ChileAQ 1988 only - Oct Sun>=1 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule ChileAQ 1989 only - Oct Sun>=9 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule ChileAQ 1990 only - Mar 18 3:00u 0 - + Rule ChileAQ 1990 only - Sep 16 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule ChileAQ 1991 1996 - Mar Sun>=9 3:00u 0 - + Rule ChileAQ 1991 1997 - Oct Sun>=9 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule ChileAQ 1997 only - Mar 30 3:00u 0 - + Rule ChileAQ 1998 only - Mar Sun>=9 3:00u 0 - + Rule ChileAQ 1998 only - Sep 27 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule ChileAQ 1999 only - Apr 4 3:00u 0 - + Rule ChileAQ 1999 2010 - Oct Sun>=9 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule ChileAQ 2000 2007 - Mar Sun>=9 3:00u 0 - + # N.B.: the end of March 29 in Chile is March 30 in Universal time, + # which is used below in specifying the transition. + Rule ChileAQ 2008 only - Mar 30 3:00u 0 - + Rule ChileAQ 2009 only - Mar Sun>=9 3:00u 0 - + Rule ChileAQ 2010 only - Apr Sun>=1 3:00u 0 - + Rule ChileAQ 2011 only - May Sun>=2 3:00u 0 - + Rule ChileAQ 2011 only - Aug Sun>=16 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule ChileAQ 2012 max - Apr Sun>=23 3:00u 0 - + Rule ChileAQ 2012 max - Sep Sun>=2 4:00u 1:00 S    -  +    # Argentina - year-round bases   # Belgrano II, Confin Coast, -770227-0343737, since 1972-02-05   # Esperanza, San Martin Land, -6323-05659, since 1952-12-17   # Jubany, Potter Peninsula, King George Island, -6414-0602320, since 1982-01   # Marambio, Seymour I, -6414-05637, since 1969-10-29   # Orcadas, Laurie I, -6016-04444, since 1904-02-22   # San Martin, Debenham I, -6807-06708, since 1951-03-21   # (except 1960-03 / 1976-03-21)      # Australia - territories   # Heard Island, McDonald Islands (uninhabited)   # previously sealers and scientific personnel wintered - # <a href="http://www.dstc.qut.edu.au/DST/marg/daylight.html"> + # <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20021204222245/http://www.dstc.qut.edu.au/DST/marg/daylight.html">   # Margaret Turner reports   # </a> (1999-09-30) that they're UTC+5, with no DST;   # presumably this is when they have visitors.   #   # year-round bases   # Casey, Bailey Peninsula, -6617+11032, since 1969   # Davis, Vestfold Hills, -6835+07759, since 1957-01-13   # (except 1964-11 - 1969-02)   # Mawson, Holme Bay, -6736+06253, since 1954-02-13 -  +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-11): + # Three Australian stations in Antarctica have changed their time zone: + # Casey moved from UTC+8 to UTC+11 + # Davis moved from UTC+7 to UTC+5 + # Mawson moved from UTC+6 to UTC+5 + # The changes occurred on 2009-10-18 at 02:00 (local times). + # + # Government source: (Australian Antarctic Division) + # <a href="http://www.aad.gov.au/default.asp?casid=37079"> + # http://www.aad.gov.au/default.asp?casid=37079 + # </a> + # + # We have more background information here: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/antarctica-new-times.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/antarctica-new-times.html + # </a> +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-03-10): + # We got these changes from the Australian Antarctic Division: ... + # + # - Casey station reverted to its normal time of UTC+8 on 5 March 2010. + # The change to UTC+11 is being considered as a regular summer thing but + # has not been decided yet. + # + # - Davis station will revert to its normal time of UTC+7 at 10 March 2010 + # 20:00 UTC. + # + # - Mawson station stays on UTC+5. + # + # Background: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/antartica-time-changes-2010.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/antartica-time-changes-2010.html + # </a> +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Antarctica/Casey 0 - ___ 1969 -  8:00 - WST # Western (Aus) Standard Time - Zone Antarctica/Davis 0 - ___ 1957 Jan 13 + Zone Antarctica/Casey 0 - zzz 1969 +  8:00 - WST 2009 Oct 18 2:00 +  # Western (Aus) Standard Time +  11:00 - CAST 2010 Mar 5 2:00 +  # Casey Time +  8:00 - WST 2011 Oct 28 2:00 +  11:00 - CAST 2012 Feb 21 17:00u +  8:00 - WST + Zone Antarctica/Davis 0 - zzz 1957 Jan 13    7:00 - DAVT 1964 Nov # Davis Time -  0 - ___ 1969 Feb +  0 - zzz 1969 Feb +  7:00 - DAVT 2009 Oct 18 2:00 +  5:00 - DAVT 2010 Mar 10 20:00u +  7:00 - DAVT 2011 Oct 28 2:00 +  5:00 - DAVT 2012 Feb 21 20:00u    7:00 - DAVT - Zone Antarctica/Mawson 0 - ___ 1954 Feb 13 -  6:00 - MAWT # Mawson Time + Zone Antarctica/Mawson 0 - zzz 1954 Feb 13 +  6:00 - MAWT 2009 Oct 18 2:00 +  # Mawson Time +  5:00 - MAWT   # References:   # <a href="http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/exop/sfo/casey/casey_aws.html">   # Casey Weather (1998-02-26)   # </a>   # <a href="http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/exop/sfo/davis/video.html">   # Davis Station, Antarctica (1998-02-26)   # </a>   # <a href="http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/exop/sfo/mawson/video.html">   # Mawson Station, Antarctica (1998-02-25)   # </a>      # Brazil - year-round base - # Ferraz, King George Island, since 1983/4 + # Comandante Ferraz, King George Island, -6205+05824, since 1983/4    - # Chile - year-round bases + # Chile - year-round bases and towns   # Escudero, South Shetland Is, -621157-0585735, since 1994 - # Frei, King George Is, -6214-05848, since 1969 - # O'Higgins, Antarctic Peninsula, -6319-05704, since 1948-02 - # Prat, -6230-05941 + # Presidente Eduadro Frei, King George Island, -6214-05848, since 1969-03-07 + # General Bernardo O'Higgins, Antarctic Peninsula, -6319-05704, since 1948-02 + # Capitan Arturo Prat, -6230-05941 + # Villa Las Estrellas (a town), around the Frei base, since 1984-04-09 + # These locations have always used Santiago time; use TZ='America/Santiago'.      # China - year-round bases - # Great Wall, King George Island, since 1985-02-20 - # Zhongshan, Larsemann Hills, Prydz Bay, since 1989-02-26 + # Great Wall, King George Island, -6213-05858, since 1985-02-20 + # Zhongshan, Larsemann Hills, Prydz Bay, -6922+07623, since 1989-02-26      # France - year-round bases   # - # From Antoine Leca <Antoine.Leca@Renault.FR> (1997-01-20): + # From Antoine Leca (1997-01-20):   # Time data are from Nicole Pailleau at the IFRTP   # (French Institute for Polar Research and Technology).   # She confirms that French Southern Territories and Terre Adelie bases   # don't observe daylight saving time, even if Terre Adelie supplies came   # from Tasmania.   #   # French Southern Territories with year-round inhabitants   #   # Martin-de-Vivies Base, Amsterdam Island, -374105+0773155, since 1950   # Alfred-Faure Base, Crozet Islands, -462551+0515152, since 1964   # Port-aux-Francais, Kerguelen Islands, -492110+0701303, since 1951;   # whaling & sealing station operated 1908/1914, 1920/1929, and 1951/1956   #   # St Paul Island - near Amsterdam, uninhabited   # fishing stations operated variously 1819/1931   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Indian/Kerguelen 0 - ___ 1950 # Port-aux-Francais + Zone Indian/Kerguelen 0 - zzz 1950 # Port-aux-Francais    5:00 - TFT # ISO code TF Time   #   # year-round base in the main continent   # Dumont-d'Urville, Ile des Petrels, -6640+14001, since 1956-11   #   # Another base at Port-Martin, 50km east, began operation in 1947.   # It was destroyed by fire on 1952-01-14.   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Antarctica/DumontDUrville 0 - ___ 1947 + Zone Antarctica/DumontDUrville 0 - zzz 1947    10:00 - PMT 1952 Jan 14 # Port-Martin Time -  0 - ___ 1956 Nov +  0 - zzz 1956 Nov    10:00 - DDUT # Dumont-d'Urville Time   # Reference: - # <a href="http://www.icair.iac.org.nz/science/reports/fr/IFRTP.html"> - # Support and Development of Polar Research and Technology (1997-02-03) + # <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dumont_d'Urville_Station"> + # Dumont d'Urville Station (2005-12-05)   # </a>    -  +    # Germany - year-round base - # Georg von Neumayer + # Georg von Neumayer, -7039-00815      # India - year-round base - # Dakshin Gangotri + # Dakshin Gangotri, -7005+01200      # Japan - year-round bases - # Dome Fuji - # Syowa + # Dome Fuji, -7719+03942 + # Syowa, -690022+0393524   #   # From Hideyuki Suzuki (1999-02-06): - # In all Japanese stations, +0300 is used as the standard time. [See] - # <a href="http://www.crl.go.jp/uk/uk201/basyo.htm">[reference in Japanese]</a> - # and information from KAMO Hiroyasu <wd@ics.nara-wu.ac.jp>. + # In all Japanese stations, +0300 is used as the standard time.   #   # Syowa station, which is the first antarctic station of Japan,   # was established on 1957-01-29. Since Syowa station is still the main   # station of Japan, it's appropriate for the principal location.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Antarctica/Syowa 0 - ___ 1957 Jan 29 + Zone Antarctica/Syowa 0 - zzz 1957 Jan 29    3:00 - SYOT # Syowa Time   # See:   # <a href="http://www.nipr.ac.jp/english/ara01.html">   # NIPR Antarctic Research Activities (1999-08-17)   # </a>      # S Korea - year-round base - # King Sejong, King George Island, since 1988 + # King Sejong, King George Island, -6213-05847, since 1988      # New Zealand - claims   # Balleny Islands (never inhabited)   # Scott Island (never inhabited)   #   # year-round base - # Scott, Ross Island, since 1957-01, is like Antarctica/McMurdo. - # - # These rules for New Zealand are stolen from the `australasia' file. - # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule NZAQ 1974 only - Nov 3 2:00s 1:00 D - Rule NZAQ 1975 1988 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D - Rule NZAQ 1989 only - Oct 8 2:00s 1:00 D - Rule NZAQ 1990 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D - Rule NZAQ 1975 only - Feb 23 2:00s 0 S - Rule NZAQ 1976 1989 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S - Rule NZAQ 1990 max - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 S + # Scott Base, Ross Island, since 1957-01. + # See Pacific/Auckland.      # Norway - territories   # Bouvet (never inhabited)   #   # claims   # Peter I Island (never inhabited) -  + # + # year-round base + # Troll, Queen Maud Land, -720041+0023206, since 2005-02-12 + # + # From Paul-Inge Flakstad (2014-03-10): + # I recently had a long dialog about this with the developer of timegenie.com. + # In the absence of specific dates, he decided to choose some likely ones: + # GMT +1 - From March 1 to the last Sunday in March + # GMT +2 - From the last Sunday in March until the last Sunday in October + # GMT +1 - From the last Sunday in October until November 7 + # GMT +0 - From November 7 until March 1 + # The dates for switching to and from UTC+0 will probably not be absolutely + # correct, but they should be quite close to the actual dates. + # + # From Paul Eggert (2014-03-21): + # The CET-switching Troll rules require zic from tzcode 2014b or later, so as + # suggested by Bengt-Inge Larsson comment them out for now, and approximate + # with only UTC and CEST. Uncomment them when 2014b is more prevalent. + # + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + #Rule Troll 2005 max - Mar 1 1:00u 1:00 CET + Rule Troll 2005 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 2:00 CEST + #Rule Troll 2005 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 1:00 CET + #Rule Troll 2004 max - Nov 7 1:00u 0:00 UTC + # Remove the following line when uncommenting the above '#Rule' lines. + Rule Troll 2004 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0:00 UTC + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Antarctica/Troll 0 - zzz 2005 Feb 12 +  0:00 Troll %s      # Poland - year-round base   # Arctowski, King George Island, -620945-0582745, since 1977      # Russia - year-round bases   # Bellingshausen, King George Island, -621159-0585337, since 1968-02-22   # Mirny, Davis coast, -6633+09301, since 1956-02 - # Molodezhnaya - # Novolazarevskaya - # Vostok + # Molodezhnaya, Alasheyev Bay, -6740+04551, + # year-round from 1962-02 to 1999-07-01 + # Novolazarevskaya, Queen Maud Land, -7046+01150, + # year-round from 1960/61 to 1992    -  + # Vostok, since 1957-12-16, temporarily closed 1994-02/1994-11 + # <a href="http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/antarctica/QA/computers/Directions,Time,ZIP"> + # From Craig Mundell (1994-12-15)</a>: + # Vostok, which is one of the Russian stations, is set on the same + # time as Moscow, Russia. + # + # From Lee Hotz (2001-03-08): + # I queried the folks at Columbia who spent the summer at Vostok and this is + # what they had to say about time there: + # "in the US Camp (East Camp) we have been on New Zealand (McMurdo) + # time, which is 12 hours ahead of GMT. The Russian Station Vostok was + # 6 hours behind that (although only 2 miles away, i.e. 6 hours ahead + # of GMT). This is a time zone I think two hours east of Moscow. The + # natural time zone is in between the two: 8 hours ahead of GMT." + # + # From Paul Eggert (2001-05-04): + # This seems to be hopelessly confusing, so I asked Lee Hotz about it + # in person. He said that some Antartic locations set their local + # time so that noon is the warmest part of the day, and that this + # changes during the year and does not necessarily correspond to mean + # solar noon. So the Vostok time might have been whatever the clocks + # happened to be during their visit. So we still don't really know what time + # it is at Vostok. But we'll guess UTC+6. + # + Zone Antarctica/Vostok 0 - zzz 1957 Dec 16 +  6:00 - VOST # Vostok time +    # S Africa - year-round bases - # Marion Island - # Sanae + # Marion Island, -4653+03752 + # Sanae, -7141-00250      # UK   #   # British Antarctic Territories (BAT) claims   # South Orkney Islands   # scientific station from 1903   # whaling station at Signy I 1920/1926   # South Shetland Islands - # whaling station at Deception I 1912/1931 - # scientific station from 1943; - # previously sealers and a scientific expedition wintered by accident, - # and a garrison was deployed briefly +    #   # year-round bases   # Bird Island, South Georgia, -5400-03803, since 1983 - # Halley, Coates Land, -7535-2619, since 1956-01-06 + # Deception Island, -6259-06034, whaling station 1912/1931, + # scientific station 1943/1967, + # previously sealers and a scientific expedition wintered by accident, + # and a garrison was deployed briefly + # Halley, Coates Land, -7535-02604, since 1956-01-06 + # Halley is on a moving ice shelf and is periodically relocated + # so that it is never more than 10km from its nominal location.   # Rothera, Adelaide Island, -6734-6808, since 1976-12-01 -  + # + # From Paul Eggert (2002-10-22) + # <http://webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/g.html> says Rothera is -03 all year. + # + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Antarctica/Rothera 0 - zzz 1976 Dec 1 +  -3:00 - ROTT # Rothera time      # Uruguay - year round base   # Artigas, King George Island, -621104-0585107      # USA - year-round bases   #   # Palmer, Anvers Island, since 1965 (moved 2 miles in 1968)   # - # From Ethan Dicks <erd@mcmsun5.mcmurdo.gov> (1996-10-06): + # From Ethan Dicks (1996-10-06):   # It keeps the same time as Punta Arenas, Chile, because, just like us   # and the South Pole, that's the other end of their supply line....   # I verified with someone who was there that since 1980,   # Palmer has followed Chile. Prior to that, before the Falklands War,   # Palmer used to be supplied from Argentina.   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Antarctica/Palmer 0 - ___ 1965 + Zone Antarctica/Palmer 0 - zzz 1965    -4:00 ArgAQ AR%sT 1969 Oct 5    -3:00 ArgAQ AR%sT 1982 May    -4:00 ChileAQ CL%sT   #   # - # McMurdo, Ross Island, since 1956 - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Antarctica/McMurdo 0 - ___ 1956 -  12:00 NZAQ NZ%sT + # McMurdo Station, Ross Island, since 1955-12 + # Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, continuously occupied since 1956-11-20   # - # Amundsen-Scott, South Pole, since 1957-01-23 - # From Paul Eggert (1996-09-03): - # Normally it wouldn't have a separate entry, since it's like the - # larger Antarctica/McMurdo since 1970, but it's too famous to omit. - # - # From Chris Carrier <72157.3334@CompuServe.COM> (1996-06-27): + # From Chris Carrier (1996-06-27):   # Siple, the first commander of the South Pole station,   # stated that he would have liked to have kept GMT at the station,   # but that he found it more convenient to keep GMT+12   # as supplies for the station were coming from McMurdo Sound,   # which was on GMT+12 because New Zealand was on GMT+12 all year   # at that time (1957). (Source: Siple's book 90 degrees SOUTH.)   #   # From Susan Smith   # http://www.cybertours.com/whs/pole10.html   # (1995-11-13 16:24:56 +1300, no longer available):   # We use the same time as McMurdo does.   # And they use the same time as Christchurch, NZ does....   # One last quirk about South Pole time.   # All the electric clocks are usually wrong.   # Something about the generators running at 60.1hertz or something   # makes all of the clocks run fast. So every couple of days,   # we have to go around and set them back 5 minutes or so.   # Maybe if we let them run fast all of the time, we'd get to leave here sooner!!   # - Link Antarctica/McMurdo Antarctica/South_Pole + # See 'australasia' for Antarctica/McMurdo.