pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / asia

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1:   # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of   # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.      # This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,   # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to   # tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see   # the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.    - # From Paul Eggert (2015-08-08): + # From Paul Eggert (2017-01-13):   #   # Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:   # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),   # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).   # Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.   # - # Gwillim Law writes that a good source - # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport + # Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source + # for time zone data was the International Air Transport   # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),   # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries   # of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,   # IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.   #   # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,   # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which   # I found in the UCLA library.   #   # For data circa 1899, a common source is:   # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94. - # http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359 + # https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359   #   # For Russian data circa 1919, a source is:   # Byalokoz EL. New Counting of Time in Russia since July 1, 1919.   # (See the 'europe' file for a fuller citation.)   #   # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is   # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).   # - # I invented the abbreviations marked '*' in the following table; - # the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources. - # Corrections are welcome! + # The following alphabetic abbreviations appear in these tables:   # std dst   # LMT Local Mean Time   # 2:00 EET EEST Eastern European Time   # 2:00 IST IDT Israel - # 3:00 AST ADT Arabia* - # 3:30 IRST IRDT Iran* - # 4:00 GST Gulf* +    # 5:30 IST India - # 7:00 ICT Indochina, most times and locations* +    # 7:00 WIB west Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Barat)   # 8:00 WITA central Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Tengah)   # 8:00 CST China - # 8:00 IDT Indochina, 1943-45, 1947-55, 1960-75 (some locations)* - # 8:00 JWST Western Standard Time (Japan, 1896/1937)* - # 8:30 KST KDT Korea when at +0830* - # 9:00 JCST Central Standard Time (Japan, 1896/1937) + # 8:30 KST KDT Korea when at +0830   # 9:00 WIT east Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Timur)   # 9:00 JST JDT Japan   # 9:00 KST KDT Korea when at +09   # 9:30 ACST Australian Central Standard Time -  + # Otherwise, these tables typically use numeric abbreviations like +03 + # and +0330 for integer hour and minute UT offsets. Although earlier + # editions invented alphabetic time zone abbreviations for every + # offset, this did not reflect common practice.   #   # See the 'europe' file for Russia and Turkey in Asia.      # From Guy Harris:   # Incorporates data for Singapore from Robert Elz' asia 1.1, as well as   # additional information from Tom Yap, Sun Microsystems Intercontinental   # Technical Support (including a page from the Official Airline Guide - - # Worldwide Edition). The names for time zones are guesses. + # Worldwide Edition).      ###############################################################################      # These rules are stolen from the 'europe' file.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule EUAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 1:00 S   Rule EUAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00u 0 -   Rule EUAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0 - - Rule E-EurAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S + Rule E-EurAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 -   Rule E-EurAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule E-EurAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 - - Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 -   Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule RussiaAsia 1984 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule RussiaAsia 1985 2011 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S - Rule RussiaAsia 1996 2011 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 - + Rule RussiaAsia 1985 2010 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - + Rule RussiaAsia 1996 2010 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -      # Afghanistan   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Kabul 4:36:48 - LMT 1890 -  4:00 - AFT 1945 -  4:30 - AFT +  4:00 - +04 1945 +  4:30 - +0430      # Armenia   # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # Shanks & Pottenger have Yerevan switching to 3:00 (with Russian DST)   # in spring 1991, then to 4:00 with no DST in fall 1995, then   # readopting Russian DST in 1997. Go with Shanks & Pottenger, even   # when they disagree with others. Edgar Der-Danieliantz   # reported (1996-05-04) that Yerevan probably wouldn't use DST   # in 1996, though it did use DST in 1995. IATA SSIM (1991/1998) reports that   # Armenia switched from 3:00 to 4:00 in 1998 and observed DST after 1991,
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:107:   # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-02-10):   # According to News Armenia, on Feb 9, 2012,   # http://newsarmenia.ru/society/20120209/42609695.html   #   # The Armenia National Assembly adopted final reading of Amendments to the   # Law "On procedure of calculation time on the territory of the Republic of   # Armenia" according to which Armenia [is] abolishing Daylight Saving Time.   # or   # (brief)   # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_armenia03.html + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Armenia 2011 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - + Rule Armenia 2011 only - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Yerevan 2:58:00 - LMT 1924 May 2    3:00 - +03 1957 Mar    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 1995 Sep 24 2:00s    4:00 - +04 1997 -  4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 +  4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 2011 +  4:00 Armenia +04/+05      # Azerbaijan      # From Rustam Aliyev of the Azerbaijan Internet Forum (2005-10-23):   # According to the resolution of Cabinet of Ministers, 1997   # From Paul Eggert (2015-09-17): It was Resolution No. 21 (1997-03-17).   # http://code.az/files/daylight_res.pdf      # From Steffen Thorsen (2016-03-17):   # ... the Azerbaijani Cabinet of Ministers has cancelled switching to   # daylight saving time.... - # http://www.azernews.az/azerbaijan/94137.html + # https://www.azernews.az/azerbaijan/94137.html   # http://vestnikkavkaza.net/news/Azerbaijani-Cabinet-of-Ministers-cancels-daylight-saving-time.html   # http://en.apa.az/xeber_azerbaijan_abolishes_daylight_savings_ti_240862.html      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Azer 1997 2015 - Mar lastSun 4:00 1:00 S + Rule Azer 1997 2015 - Mar lastSun 4:00 1:00 -   Rule Azer 1997 2015 - Oct lastSun 5:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Baku 3:19:24 - LMT 1924 May 2    3:00 - +03 1957 Mar    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 1992 Sep lastSun 2:00s    4:00 - +04 1996    4:00 EUAsia +04/+05 1997    4:00 Azer +04/+05   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:166:   # crippling power crisis. "   #   # The switch will remain in effect from June 16 to Sept 30 (2009) but if   # implemented the next year, it will come in force from April 1, 2010      # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-02):   # They have finally decided now, but changed the start date to midnight between   # the 19th and 20th, and they have not set the end date yet.   #   # Some sources: - # http://in.reuters.com/article/southAsiaNews/idINIndia-40017620090601 + # https://in.reuters.com/article/southAsiaNews/idINIndia-40017620090601   # http://bdnews24.com/details.php?id=85889&cid=2   #   # Our wrap-up: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/bangladesh-daylight-saving-2009.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/bangladesh-daylight-saving-2009.html      # From A. N. M. Kamrus Saadat (2009-06-15):   # Finally we've got the official mail regarding DST start time where DST start   # time is mentioned as Jun 19 2009, 23:00 from BTRC (Bangladesh   # Telecommunication Regulatory Commission).   #   # No DST end date has been announced yet.      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-09-25):   # Bangladesh won't go back to Standard Time from October 1, 2009,
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:217:   # 2010 midnight. The decision came at a cabinet meeting at the Prime   # Minister's Office last night..."      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-22):   # According to Bangladesh newspaper "The Daily Star,"   # Cabinet cancels Daylight Saving Time   # http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/latest_news.php?nid=22817   # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_bangladesh06.html      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Dhaka 2009 only - Jun 19 23:00 1:00 S + Rule Dhaka 2009 only - Jun 19 23:00 1:00 -   Rule Dhaka 2009 only - Dec 31 24:00 0 -      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Dhaka 6:01:40 - LMT 1890    5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time? -  6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time -  5:30 - IST 1942 Sep -  6:30 - BURT 1951 Sep 30 -  6:00 - DACT 1971 Mar 26 # Dacca Time -  6:00 - BDT 2009 -  6:00 Dhaka BD%sT +  6:30 - +0630 1942 May 15 +  5:30 - +0530 1942 Sep +  6:30 - +0630 1951 Sep 30 +  6:00 - +06 2009 +  6:00 Dhaka +06/+07      # Bhutan   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Thimphu 5:58:36 - LMT 1947 Aug 15 # or Thimbu -  5:30 - IST 1987 Oct -  6:00 - BTT # Bhutan Time +  5:30 - +0530 1987 Oct +  6:00 - +06      # British Indian Ocean Territory   # Whitman and the 1995 CIA time zone map say 5:00, but the   # 1997 and later maps say 6:00. Assume the switch occurred in 1996.   # We have no information as to when standard time was introduced;   # assume it occurred in 1907, the same year as Mauritius (which   # then contained the Chagos Archipelago).   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Chagos 4:49:40 - LMT 1907 -  5:00 - IOT 1996 # BIOT Time -  6:00 - IOT +  5:00 - +05 1996 +  6:00 - +06      # Brunei   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Brunei 7:39:40 - LMT 1926 Mar # Bandar Seri Begawan -  7:30 - BNT 1933 -  8:00 - BNT +  7:30 - +0730 1933 +  8:00 - +08      # Burma / Myanmar      # Milne says 6:24:40 was the meridian of the time ball observatory at Rangoon.    -  + # From Paul Eggert (2017-04-20): + # Page 27 of Reed & Low (cited for Asia/Kolkata) says "Rangoon local time is + # used upon the railways and telegraphs of Burma, and is 6h. 24m. 47s. ahead + # of Greenwich." This refers to the period before Burma's transition to +0630, + # a transition for which Shanks is the only source. +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Yangon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Rangoon -  6:24:40 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon Mean Time? -  6:30 - BURT 1942 May # Burma Time -  9:00 - JST 1945 May 3 -  6:30 - MMT # Myanmar Time + Zone Asia/Yangon 6:24:47 - LMT 1880 # or Rangoon +  6:24:47 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon local time +  6:30 - +0630 1942 May +  9:00 - +09 1945 May 3 +  6:30 - +0630      # Cambodia   # See Asia/Bangkok.         # China      # From Guy Harris:   # People's Republic of China. Yes, they really have only one time zone.   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:316:   Rule PRC 1986 1991 - Sep Sun>=11 0:00 0 S   Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D      # From Anthony Fok (2001-12-20):   # BTW, I did some research on-line and found some info regarding these five   # historic timezones from some Taiwan websites. And yes, there are official   # Chinese names for these locales (before 1949).   #   # From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2006-07-14):   # I have investigated the timezones around 1970 on the - # http://www.astro.com/atlas site [with provinces and county + # https://www.astro.com/atlas site [with provinces and county   # boundaries summarized below].... A few other exceptions were two   # counties on the Sichuan side of the Xizang-Sichuan border,   # counties Dege and Baiyu which lies on the Sichuan side and are   # therefore supposed to be GMT+7, Xizang region being GMT+6, but Dege   # county is GMT+8 according to astro.com while Baiyu county is GMT+6   # (could be true), for the moment I am assuming that those two   # counties are mistakes in the astro.com data.    - # From Paul Eggert (2014-06-30): + # From Paul Eggert (2017-01-05):   # Alois Treindl kindly sent me translations of the following two sources:   #   # (1)   # Guo Qingsheng (National Time-Service Center, CAS, Xi'an 710600, China)   # Beijing Time at the Beginning of the PRC   # China Historical Materials of Science and Technology   # (Zhongguo ke ji shi liao, 中国科技史料), Vol. 24, No. 1 (2003)   # It gives evidence that at the beginning of the PRC, Beijing time was   # officially apparent solar time! However, Guo also says that the   # evidence is dubious, as the relevant institute of astronomy had not
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:383:   # Xujiahui Observatory was under French control and stuck with UT +08.   #   # In earlier versions of this file, China had many separate Zone entries, but   # this was based on what were apparently incorrect data in Shanks & Pottenger.   # This has now been simplified to the two entries Asia/Shanghai and   # Asia/Urumqi, with the others being links for backward compatibility.   # Proposed in 1918 and theoretically in effect until 1949 (although in practice   # mainly observed in coastal areas), the five zones were:   #   # Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area) UT +08:30 - # Asia/Harbin (currently a link to Asia/Shanghai) + # Now part of Asia/Shanghai; its pre-1970 times are not recorded here.   # Heilongjiang (except Mohe county), Jilin   #   # Zhongyuan Time ("Central plain Time") UT +08 - # Asia/Shanghai + # Now part of Asia/Shanghai.   # most of China - # This currently represents most other zones as well, - # as apparently these regions have been the same since 1970. +    # Milne gives 8:05:43.2 for Xujiahui Observatory time; round to nearest.   # Guo says Shanghai switched to UT +08 "from the end of the 19th century".   # - # Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of the area) UT +07 - # Asia/Chongqing (currently a link to Asia/Shanghai) + # Long-shu Time (probably as Long and Shu were two names of the area) UT +07 + # Now part of Asia/Shanghai; its pre-1970 times are not recorded here.   # Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Ningxia, Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Yunnan; - # most of Gansu; west Inner Mongolia; west Qinghai; and the Guangdong + # most of Gansu; west Inner Mongolia; east Qinghai; and the Guangdong   # counties Deqing, Enping, Kaiping, Luoding, Taishan, Xinxing,   # Yangchun, Yangjiang, Yu'nan, and Yunfu.   #   # Xin-zang Time ("Xinjiang-Tibet Time") UT +06 - # Asia/Urumqi - # This currently represents Kunlun Time as well, - # as apparently the two regions have been the same since 1970. + # This region is now part of either Asia/Urumqi or Asia/Shanghai with + # current boundaries uncertain; times before 1970 for areas that + # disagree with Ürümqi or Shanghai are not recorded here.   # The Gansu counties Aksay, Anxi, Dunhuang, Subei; west Qinghai;   # the Guangdong counties Xuwen, Haikang, Suixi, Lianjiang,   # Zhanjiang, Wuchuan, Huazhou, Gaozhou, Maoming, Dianbai, and Xinyi;   # east Tibet, including Lhasa, Chamdo, Shigaise, Jimsar, Shawan and Hutubi;   # east Xinjiang, including Ürümqi, Turpan, Karamay, Korla, Minfeng, Jinghe,   # Wusu, Qiemo, Xinyan, Wulanwusu, Jinghe, Yumin, Tacheng, Tuoli, Emin,   # Shihezi, Changji, Yanqi, Heshuo, Tuokexun, Tulufan, Shanshan, Hami,   # Fukang, Kuitun, Kumukuli, Miquan, Qitai, and Turfan.   #   # Kunlun Time UT +05:30 - # Asia/Kashgar (currently a link to Asia/Urumqi) + # This region is now in the same status as Xin-zang Time (see above).   # West Tibet, including Pulan, Aheqi, Shufu, Shule;   # West Xinjiang, including Aksu, Atushi, Yining, Hetian, Cele, Luopu, Nileke,   # Zhaosu, Tekesi, Gongliu, Chabuchaer, Huocheng, Bole, Pishan, Suiding,   # and Yarkand.      # From Luther Ma (2009-10-17):   # Almost all (>99.9%) ethnic Chinese (properly ethnic Han) living in   # Xinjiang use Chinese Standard Time. Some are aware of Xinjiang time,   # but have no need of it. All planes, trains, and schools function on   # what is called "Beijing time." When Han make an appointment in Chinese
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:470:   # 6. Likewise for Kashgar and the rest of south Xinjiang I don't know of any   # start date for Xinjiang time.   #   # Without having access to local historical records, nor the ability to legally   # publish them, I would go with October 1, 1949, when Xinjiang became the Uyghur   # Autonomous Region under the PRC. (Before that Uyghurs, of course, would also   # not be using Beijing time, but some local time.)      # From David Cochrane (2014-03-26):   # Just a confirmation that Ürümqi time was implemented in Ürümqi on 1 Feb 1986: - # http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,960684,00.html + # https://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,960684,00.html      # From Luther Ma (2014-04-22):   # I have interviewed numerous people of various nationalities and from   # different localities in Xinjiang and can confirm the information in Guo's   # report regarding Xinjiang, as well as the Time article reference by David   # Cochrane. Whether officially recognized or not (and both are officially   # recognized), two separate times have been in use in Xinjiang since at least   # the Cultural Revolution: Xinjiang Time (XJT), aka Ürümqi Time or local time;   # and Beijing Time. There is no confusion in Xinjiang as to which name refers   # to which time. Both are widely used in the province, although in some
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:516:   # +08 mandate back then.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   # Beijing time, used throughout China; represented by Shanghai.   Zone Asia/Shanghai 8:05:43 - LMT 1901    8:00 Shang C%sT 1949    8:00 PRC C%sT   # Xinjiang time, used by many in western China; represented by Ürümqi / Ürümchi   # / Wulumuqi. (Please use Asia/Shanghai if you prefer Beijing time.)   Zone Asia/Urumqi 5:50:20 - LMT 1928 -  6:00 - XJT +  6:00 - +06         # Hong Kong (Xianggang)      # Milne gives 7:36:41.7; round this.      # From Lee Yiu Chung (2009-10-24):   # I found there are some mistakes for the...DST rule for Hong   # Kong. [According] to the DST record from Hong Kong Observatory (actually,   # it is not [an] observatory, but the official meteorological agency of HK,
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:627:   # http://www.cwb.gov.tw/V6/astronomy/cdata/summert.htm   # Taipei has DST in 1979 between July 1st and Sep 30.      # From Yu-Cheng Chuang (2013-07-12):   # On Dec 28, 1895, the Meiji Emperor announced Ordinance No. 167 of   # Meiji Year 28 "The clause about standard time", mentioned that   # Taiwan and Penghu Islands, as well as Yaeyama and Miyako Islands   # (both in Okinawa) adopt the Western Standard Time which is based on   # 120E. The adoption began from Jan 1, 1896. The original text can be   # found on Wikisource: - # http://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/標準時ニ關スル件_(公布時) + # https://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/標準時ニ關スル件_(公布時)   # ... This could be the first adoption of time zone in Taiwan, because   # during the Qing Dynasty, it seems that there was no time zone   # declared officially.   #   # Later, in the beginning of World War II, on Sep 25, 1937, the Showa   # Emperor announced Ordinance No. 529 of Showa Year 12 "The clause of   # revision in the ordinance No. 167 of Meiji year 28 about standard   # time", in which abolished the adoption of Western Standard Time in   # western islands (listed above), which means the whole Japan   # territory, including later occupations, adopt Japan Central Time - # (UTC+9). The adoption began on Oct 1, 1937. The original text can + # (UT+9). The adoption began on Oct 1, 1937. The original text can   # be found on Wikisource: - # http://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/明治二十八年勅令第百六十七號標準時ニ關スル件中改正ノ件 + # https://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/明治二十八年勅令第百六十七號標準時ニ關スル件中改正ノ件   # - # That is, the time zone of Taipei switched to UTC+9 on Oct 1, 1937. + # That is, the time zone of Taipei switched to UT+9 on Oct 1, 1937.      # From Yu-Cheng Chuang (2014-07-02): - # I've found more evidence about when the time zone was switched from UTC+9 - # back to UTC+8 after WW2. I believe it was on Sep 21, 1945. In a document + # I've found more evidence about when the time zone was switched from UT+9 + # back to UT+8 after WW2. I believe it was on Sep 21, 1945. In a document   # during Japanese era [1] in which the officer told the staff to change time - # zone back to Western Standard Time (UTC+8) on Sep 21. And in another + # zone back to Western Standard Time (UT+8) on Sep 21. And in another   # history page of National Cheng Kung University [2], on Sep 21 there is a   # note "from today, switch back to Western Standard Time". From these two   # materials, I believe that the time zone change happened on Sep 21. And   # today I have found another monthly journal called "The Astronomical Herald"   # from The Astronomical Society of Japan [3] in which it mentioned the fact   # that:   #   # 1. Standard Time of the Country (Japan) was adopted on Jan 1, 1888, using   # the time at 135E (GMT+9)   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:735:   Rule Taiwan 1955 1961 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S   Rule Taiwan 1960 1961 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Taiwan 1974 1975 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Taiwan 1974 1975 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S   Rule Taiwan 1979 only - Jul 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Taiwan 1979 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 S      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   # Taipei or Taibei or T'ai-pei   Zone Asia/Taipei 8:06:00 - LMT 1896 Jan 1 -  8:00 - JWST 1937 Oct 1 +  8:00 - CST 1937 Oct 1    9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 21 1:00    8:00 Taiwan C%sT      # Macau (Macao, Aomen)   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Macau 1961 1962 - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1961 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 - - Rule Macau 1963 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1964 only - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1965 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1965 only - Oct 31 0:00 0 - - Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 - - Rule Macau 1972 1974 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1972 1973 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 - - Rule Macau 1974 1977 - Oct Sun>=15 3:30 0 - - Rule Macau 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=15 3:30 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Macau 1961 1962 - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1961 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 S + Rule Macau 1963 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1964 only - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1965 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1965 only - Oct 31 0:00 0 S + Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 S + Rule Macau 1972 1974 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1972 1973 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 S + Rule Macau 1974 1977 - Oct Sun>=15 3:30 0 S + Rule Macau 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=15 3:30 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 S + # See Europe/Lisbon for info about the 1912 transition.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Macau 7:34:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 -  8:00 Macau MO%sT 1999 Dec 20 # return to China -  8:00 PRC C%sT + Zone Asia/Macau 7:34:20 - LMT 1911 Dec 31 16:00u +  8:00 Macau C%sT         ###############################################################################      # Cyprus      # Milne says the Eastern Telegraph Company used 2:14:00. Stick with LMT.   # IATA SSIM (1998-09) has Cyprus using EU rules for the first time.      # From Paul Eggert (2016-09-09):   # Yesterday's Cyprus Mail reports that Northern Cyprus followed Turkey's   # lead and switched from +02/+03 to +03 year-round.   # http://cyprus-mail.com/2016/09/08/two-time-zones-cyprus-turkey-will-not-turn-clocks-back-next-month/   #   # From Even Scharning (2016-10-31):   # Looks like the time zone split in Cyprus went through last night.   # http://cyprus-mail.com/2016/10/30/cyprus-new-division-two-time-zones-now-reality/    -  + # From Paul Eggert (2017-10-18): + # Northern Cyprus will reinstate winter time on October 29, thus + # staying in sync with the rest of Cyprus. See: Anastasiou A. + # Cyprus to remain united in time. Cyprus Mail 2017-10-17. + # https://cyprus-mail.com/2017/10/17/cyprus-remain-united-time/ +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Apr 13 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Oct 12 0:00 0 -   Rule Cyprus 1976 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Cyprus 1976 only - Oct 11 0:00 0 -   Rule Cyprus 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Cyprus 1977 only - Sep 25 0:00 0 -   Rule Cyprus 1978 only - Oct 2 0:00 0 -   Rule Cyprus 1979 1997 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule Cyprus 1981 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Nicosia 2:13:28 - LMT 1921 Nov 14    2:00 Cyprus EE%sT 1998 Sep    2:00 EUAsia EE%sT   Zone Asia/Famagusta 2:15:48 - LMT 1921 Nov 14    2:00 Cyprus EE%sT 1998 Sep    2:00 EUAsia EE%sT 2016 Sep 8 -  3:00 - +03 +  3:00 - +03 2017 Oct 29 1:00u +  2:00 EUAsia EE%sT      # Classically, Cyprus belongs to Asia; e.g. see Herodotus, Histories, I.72.   # However, for various reasons many users expect to find it under Europe.   Link Asia/Nicosia Europe/Nicosia      # Georgia   # From Paul Eggert (1994-11-19):   # Today's _Economist_ (p 60) reports that Georgia moved its clocks forward   # an hour recently, due to a law proposed by Zurab Murvanidze,   # an MP who went on a hunger strike for 11 days to force discussion about it!
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:854:    4:00 E-EurAsia +04/+05 2004 Jun 27    3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 2005 Mar lastSun 2:00    4:00 - +04      # East Timor      # See Indonesia for the 1945 transition.      # From João Carrascalão, brother of the former governor of East Timor, in   # East Timor may be late for its millennium - # <http://etan.org/et99c/december/26-31/30ETMAY.htm> (1999-12-26/31): + # <https://etan.org/et99c/december/26-31/30ETMAY.htm> (1999-12-26/31):   # Portugal tried to change the time forward in 1974 because the sun   # rises too early but the suggestion raised a lot of problems with the   # Timorese and I still don't think it would work today because it   # conflicts with their way of life.      # From Paul Eggert (2000-12-04):   # We don't have any record of the above attempt.   # Most likely our records are incomplete, but we have no better data.      # From Manoel de Almeida e Silva, Deputy Spokesman for the UN Secretary-General   # http://www.hri.org/news/world/undh/2000/00-08-16.undh.html   # (2000-08-16):   # The Cabinet of the East Timor Transition Administration decided   # today to advance East Timor's time by one hour. The time change,   # which will be permanent, with no seasonal adjustment, will happen at   # midnight on Saturday, September 16.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 -  8:00 - TLT 1942 Feb 21 23:00 # E Timor Time -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23 -  9:00 - TLT 1976 May 3 -  8:00 - WITA 2000 Sep 17 0:00 -  9:00 - TLT +  8:00 - +08 1942 Feb 21 23:00 +  9:00 - +09 1976 May 3 +  8:00 - +08 2000 Sep 17 0:00 +  9:00 - +09      # India      # From Ian P. Beacock, in "A brief history of (modern) time", The Atlantic - # http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/12/the-creation-of-modern-time/421419/ + # https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/12/the-creation-of-modern-time/421419/   # (2015-12-22):   # In January 1906, several thousand cotton-mill workers rioted on the   # outskirts of Bombay.... They were protesting the proposed abolition of   # local time in favor of Indian Standard Time.... Journalists called this   # dispute the "Battle of the Clocks." It lasted nearly half a century.    -  + # From Paul Eggert (2017-04-20): + # Good luck trying to nail down old timekeeping records in India. + # "... in the nineteenth century ... Madras Observatory took its magnetic + # measurements on Göttingen time, its meteorological measurements on Madras + # (local) time, dropped its time ball on Greenwich (ocean navigator's) time, + # and distributed civil (local time)." -- Bartky IR. Selling the true time: + # 19th-century timekeeping in america. Stanford U Press (2000), 247 note 19. + # "A more potent cause of resistance to the general adoption of the present + # standard time lies in the fact that it is Madras time. The citizen of + # Bombay, proud of being 'primus in Indis' and of Calcutta, equally proud of + # his city being the Capital of India, and - for a part of the year - the Seat + # of the Supreme Government, alike look down on Madras, and refuse to change + # the time they are using, for that of what they regard as a benighted + # Presidency; while Madras, having for long given the standard time to the + # rest of India, would resist the adoption of any other Indian standard in its + # place." -- Oldham RD. On Time in India: a suggestion for its improvement. + # Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (April 1899), 49-55. + # + # "In 1870 ... Madras time - 'now used by the telegraph and regulated from the + # only government observatory' - was suggested as a standard railway time, + # first to be adopted on the Great Indian Peninsular Railway (GIPR).... + # Calcutta, Bombay, and Karachi, were to be allowed to continue with their + # local time for civil purposes." - Prasad R. Tracks of Change: Railways and + # Everyday Life in Colonial India. Cambridge University Press (2016), 145. + # + # Reed S, Low F. The Indian Year Book 1936-37. Bennett, Coleman, pp 27-8. + # https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.282212 + # This lists +052110 as Madras local time used in railways, and says that on + # 1906-01-01 railways and telegraphs in India switched to +0530. Some + # municipalities retained their former time, and the time in Calcutta + # continued to depend on whether you were at the railway station or at + # government offices. Government time was at +055320 (according to Shanks) or + # at +0554 (according to the Indian Year Book). Railway time is more + # appropriate for our purposes, as it was better documented, it is what we do + # elsewhere (e.g., Europe/London before 1880), and after 1906 it was + # consistent in the region now identified by Asia/Kolkata. So, use railway + # time for 1870-1941. Shanks is our only (and dubious) source for the + # 1941-1945 data. +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata -  5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time? -  6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time + Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1854 Jun 28 # Kolkata +  5:53:20 - HMT 1870 # Howrah Mean Time? +  5:21:10 - MMT 1906 Jan 1 # Madras local time +  5:30 - IST 1941 Oct +  5:30 1:00 +0630 1942 May 15    5:30 - IST 1942 Sep -  5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15 +  5:30 1:00 +0630 1945 Oct 15    5:30 - IST - # The following are like Asia/Kolkata: + # Since 1970 the following are like Asia/Kolkata:   # Andaman Is   # Lakshadweep (Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Is)   # Nicobar Is      # Indonesia   #   # From Paul Eggert (2014-09-06):   # The 1876 Report of the Secretary of the [US] Navy, p 306 says that Batavia   # civil time was 7:07:12.5; round to even for Jakarta.   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:946:   # WIB - +07 - Waktu Indonesia Barat (Indonesia western time)   # WITA - +08 - Waktu Indonesia Tengah (Indonesia central time)   # WIT - +09 - Waktu Indonesia Timur (Indonesia eastern time)   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   # Java, Sumatra   Zone Asia/Jakarta 7:07:12 - LMT 1867 Aug 10   # Shanks & Pottenger say the next transition was at 1924 Jan 1 0:13,   # but this must be a typo.    7:07:12 - BMT 1923 Dec 31 23:47:12 # Batavia -  7:20 - JAVT 1932 Nov # Java Time -  7:30 - WIB 1942 Mar 23 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23 -  7:30 - WIB 1948 May -  8:00 - WIB 1950 May -  7:30 - WIB 1964 +  7:20 - +0720 1932 Nov +  7:30 - +0730 1942 Mar 23 +  9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 23 +  7:30 - +0730 1948 May +  8:00 - +08 1950 May +  7:30 - +0730 1964    7:00 - WIB   # west and central Borneo   Zone Asia/Pontianak 7:17:20 - LMT 1908 May    7:17:20 - PMT 1932 Nov # Pontianak MT -  7:30 - WIB 1942 Jan 29 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23 -  7:30 - WIB 1948 May -  8:00 - WIB 1950 May -  7:30 - WIB 1964 +  7:30 - +0730 1942 Jan 29 +  9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 23 +  7:30 - +0730 1948 May +  8:00 - +08 1950 May +  7:30 - +0730 1964    8:00 - WITA 1988 Jan 1    7:00 - WIB   # Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, east and south Borneo   Zone Asia/Makassar 7:57:36 - LMT 1920    7:57:36 - MMT 1932 Nov # Macassar MT -  8:00 - WITA 1942 Feb 9 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23 +  8:00 - +08 1942 Feb 9 +  9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 23    8:00 - WITA   # Maluku Islands, West Papua, Papua   Zone Asia/Jayapura 9:22:48 - LMT 1932 Nov -  9:00 - WIT 1944 Sep 1 -  9:30 - ACST 1964 +  9:00 - +09 1944 Sep 1 +  9:30 - +0930 1964    9:00 - WIT      # Iran      # From Roozbeh Pournader (2003-03-15):   # This is an English translation of what I just found (originally in Persian).   # The Gregorian dates in brackets are mine:   #   # Official Newspaper No. 13548-1370/6/25 [1991-09-16]   # No. 16760/T233 H 1370/6/10 [1991-09-01]
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1004:   # at the 24[:00] hours of the first day of Farvardin and should return   # to its previous state at the 24[:00] hours of the 30th day of   # Shahrivar.   #   # First Deputy to the President - Hassan Habibi   #   # From personal experience, that agrees with what has been followed   # for at least the last 5 years. Before that, for a few years, the   # date used was the first Thursday night of Farvardin and the last   # Thursday night of Shahrivar, but I can't give exact dates.... - # I have also changed the abbreviations to what is considered correct - # here in Iran, IRST for regular time and IRDT for daylight saving time. +    #   # From Roozbeh Pournader (2005-04-05):   # The text of the Iranian law, in effect since 1925, clearly mentions   # that the true solar year is the measure, and there is no arithmetic   # leap year calculation involved. There has never been any serious   # plan to change that law....   #   # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # Go with Shanks & Pottenger before Sept. 1991, and with Pournader thereafter.   # I used Ed Reingold's cal-persia in GNU Emacs 21.2 to check Persian dates,
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1041:   # Reingold's/Dershowitz' calculator gives correctly the Gregorian date   # 2058-03-21 for 1 Farvardin 1437 (astronomical).   #   # From Steffen Thorsen (2006-03-22):   # Several of my users have reported that Iran will not observe DST anymore:   # http://www.irna.ir/en/news/view/line-17/0603193812164948.htm   #   # From Reuters (2007-09-16), with a heads-up from Jesper Nørgaard Welen:   # ... the Guardian Council ... approved a law on Sunday to re-introduce   # daylight saving time ... - # http://uk.reuters.com/article/oilRpt/idUKBLA65048420070916 + # https://uk.reuters.com/article/oilRpt/idUKBLA65048420070916   #   # From Roozbeh Pournader (2007-11-05):   # This is quoted from Official Gazette of the Islamic Republic of   # Iran, Volume 63, No. 18242, dated Tuesday 1386/6/24   # [2007-10-16]. I am doing the best translation I can:...   # The official time of the country will be moved forward for one hour   # on the 24 hours of the first day of the month of Farvardin and will   # be changed back to its previous state on the 24 hours of the   # thirtieth day of Shahrivar.   #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Iran 1978 1980 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 1978 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 1979 only - Sep 19 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 1980 only - Sep 23 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 1991 only - May 3 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 1992 1995 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 1991 1995 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 1996 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 1996 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2000 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2000 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2004 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2004 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2005 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2005 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2008 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2008 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2012 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2012 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2016 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2016 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2020 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2020 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2024 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2024 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2025 2027 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2025 2027 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S - Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 1978 1980 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 1978 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 1979 only - Sep 19 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 1980 only - Sep 23 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 1991 only - May 3 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 1992 1995 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 1991 1995 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 1996 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 1996 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2000 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2000 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2004 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2004 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2005 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2005 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2008 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2008 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2012 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2012 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2016 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2016 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2020 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2020 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2024 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2024 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2025 2027 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2025 2027 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Sep 21 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Sep 21 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Sep 22 0:00 0 -   #   # The following rules are approximations starting in the year 2038.   # These are the best post-2037 approximations available, given the   # restrictions of a single rule using a Gregorian-based data format.   # At some point this table will need to be extended, though quite   # possibly Iran will change the rules first. - Rule Iran 2036 max - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iran 2036 max - Sep 21 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2036 max - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iran 2036 max - Sep 21 0:00 0 -      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Tehran 3:25:44 - LMT 1916    3:25:44 - TMT 1946 # Tehran Mean Time -  3:30 - IRST 1977 Nov -  4:00 Iran IR%sT 1979 -  3:30 Iran IR%sT +  3:30 - +0330 1977 Nov +  4:00 Iran +04/+05 1979 +  3:30 Iran +0330/+0430         # Iraq   #   # From Jonathan Lennox (2000-06-12):   # An article in this week's Economist ("Inside the Saddam-free zone", p. 50 in   # the U.S. edition) on the Iraqi Kurds contains a paragraph:   # "The three northern provinces ... switched their clocks this spring and   # are an hour ahead of Baghdad."   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1140:   #   # So we'll ignore the Economist's claim.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-03-10):   # The cabinet in Iraq abolished DST last week, according to the following   # news sources (in Arabic):   # http://www.aljeeran.net/wesima_articles/news-20080305-98602.html   # http://www.aswataliraq.info/look/article.tpl?id=2047&IdLanguage=17&IdPublication=4&NrArticle=71743&NrIssue=1&NrSection=10   #   # We have published a short article in English about the change: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/iraq-dumps-daylight-saving.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/iraq-dumps-daylight-saving.html      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Iraq 1982 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iraq 1982 1984 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S - Rule Iraq 1983 only - Mar 31 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iraq 1984 1985 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Iraq 1985 1990 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 S - Rule Iraq 1986 1990 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 D + Rule Iraq 1982 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iraq 1982 1984 - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Iraq 1983 only - Mar 31 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iraq 1984 1985 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 - + Rule Iraq 1985 1990 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 - + Rule Iraq 1986 1990 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 -   # IATA SSIM (1991/1996) says Apr 1 12:01am UTC; guess the ':01' is a typo.   # Shanks & Pottenger say Iraq did not observe DST 1992/1997; ignore this.   # - Rule Iraq 1991 2007 - Apr 1 3:00s 1:00 D - Rule Iraq 1991 2007 - Oct 1 3:00s 0 S + Rule Iraq 1991 2007 - Apr 1 3:00s 1:00 - + Rule Iraq 1991 2007 - Oct 1 3:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Baghdad 2:57:40 - LMT 1890    2:57:36 - BMT 1918 # Baghdad Mean Time? -  3:00 - AST 1982 May -  3:00 Iraq A%sT +  3:00 - +03 1982 May +  3:00 Iraq +03/+04         ###############################################################################      # Israel      # From Ephraim Silverberg (2001-01-11):   #   # I coined "IST/IDT" circa 1988. Until then there were three   # different abbreviations in use:
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1411:   # http://www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/getarticle.pl5?nn20050810f2.htm   # Occupation authorities imposed daylight-saving time on Japan on   # [1948-05-01].... But lack of prior debate and the execution of   # daylight-saving time just three days after the bill was passed generated   # deep hatred of the concept.... The Diet unceremoniously passed a bill to   # dump the unpopular system in October 1951, less than a month after the San   # Francisco Peace Treaty was signed. (A government poll in 1951 showed 53%   # of the Japanese wanted to scrap daylight-saving time, as opposed to 30% who   # wanted to keep it.)    - # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): - # Shanks & Pottenger write that DST in Japan during those years was as follows: + # From Takayuki Nikai (2018-01-19): + # The source of information is Japanese law. + # http://www.shugiin.go.jp/internet/itdb_housei.nsf/html/houritsu/00219480428029.htm + # http://www.shugiin.go.jp/internet/itdb_housei.nsf/html/houritsu/00719500331039.htm + # ... In summary, it is written as follows. From 24:00 on the first Saturday + # in May, until 0:00 on the day after the second Saturday in September.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Japan 1948 only - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D - Rule Japan 1948 1951 - Sep Sat>=8 2:00 0 S - Rule Japan 1949 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D - Rule Japan 1950 1951 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D - # but the only locations using it (for birth certificates, presumably, since - # their audience is astrologers) were US military bases. For now, assume - # that for most purposes daylight-saving time was observed; otherwise, what - # would have been the point of the 1951 poll? + Rule Japan 1948 only - May Sat>=1 24:00 1:00 D + Rule Japan 1948 1951 - Sep Sun>=9 0:00 0 S + Rule Japan 1949 only - Apr Sat>=1 24:00 1:00 D + Rule Japan 1950 1951 - May Sat>=1 24:00 1:00 D      # From Hideyuki Suzuki (1998-11-09):   # 'Tokyo' usually stands for the former location of Tokyo Astronomical - # Observatory: 139 degrees 44' 40.90" E (9h 18m 58.727s), - # 35 degrees 39' 16.0" N. + # Observatory: 139° 44' 40.90" E (9h 18m 58.727s), 35° 39' 16.0" N.   # This data is from 'Rika Nenpyou (Chronological Scientific Tables) 1996'   # edited by National Astronomical Observatory of Japan....   # JST (Japan Standard Time) has been used since 1888-01-01 00:00 (JST).   # The law is enacted on 1886-07-07.      # From Hideyuki Suzuki (1998-11-16):   # The ordinance No. 51 (1886) established "standard time" in Japan, - # which stands for the time on 135 degrees E. + # which stands for the time on 135° E.   # In the ordinance No. 167 (1895), "standard time" was renamed to "central   # standard time". And the same ordinance also established "western standard - # time", which stands for the time on 120 degrees E.... But "western standard + # time", which stands for the time on 120° E.... But "western standard   # time" was abolished in the ordinance No. 529 (1937). In the ordinance No.   # 167, there is no mention regarding for what place western standard time is   # standard....   #   # I wrote "ordinance" above, but I don't know how to translate.   # In Japanese it's "chokurei", which means ordinance from emperor.      # From Yu-Cheng Chuang (2013-07-12):   # ...the Meiji Emperor announced Ordinance No. 167 of Meiji Year 28 "The clause   # about standard time" ... The adoption began from Jan 1, 1896. - # http://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/標準時ニ關スル件_(公布時) + # https://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/標準時ニ關スル件_(公布時)   #   # ...the Showa Emperor announced Ordinance No. 529 of Showa Year 12 ... which   # means the whole Japan territory, including later occupations, adopt Japan - # Central Time (UTC+9). The adoption began on Oct 1, 1937. - # http://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/明治二十八年勅令第百六十七號標準時ニ關スル件中改正ノ件 + # Central Time (UT+9). The adoption began on Oct 1, 1937. + # https://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/明治二十八年勅令第百六十七號標準時ニ關スル件中改正ノ件      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Tokyo 9:18:59 - LMT 1887 Dec 31 15:00u -  9:00 - JST 1896 Jan 1 -  9:00 - JCST 1937 Oct 1 +     9:00 Japan J%sT   # Since 1938, all Japanese possessions have been like Asia/Tokyo.      # Jordan   #   # From <http://star.arabia.com/990701/JO9.html>   # Jordan Week (1999-07-01) via Steffen Thorsen (1999-09-09):   # Clocks in Jordan were forwarded one hour on Wednesday at midnight,   # in accordance with the government's decision to implement summer time   # all year round.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1517:   # until about the same time next year (at least).   # http://www.petra.gov.jo/Public_News/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?NewsID=88950      # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-12-11):   # Jordan Times and other sources say that Jordan is going back to   # UTC+2 on 2013-12-19 at midnight:   # http://jordantimes.com/govt-decides-to-switch-back-to-wintertime   # Official, in Arabic:   # http://www.petra.gov.jo/public_news/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?Menu_ID=&Site_Id=2&lang=1&NewsID=133230&CatID=14   # ... Our background/permalink about it - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/jordan-reverses-dst-decision.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/jordan-reverses-dst-decision.html   # ...   # http://www.petra.gov.jo/Public_News/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?lang=2&site_id=1&NewsID=133313&Type=P   # ... says midnight for the coming one and 1:00 for the ones in the future   # (and they will use DST again next year, using the normal schedule).      # From Paul Eggert (2013-12-11):   # As Steffen suggested, consider the past 21-month experiment to be DST.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Jordan 1973 only - Jun 6 0:00 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1734:   # (already implemented) provisions from the 2004-07-20 and 2004-09-15   # acts, comes into effect 10 days after official publication.   # The only practical effect seems to be the abolition of the summer   # time.   #   # Unamended version of the act of the Government of the Russian Federation   # No. 23 from 1992-01-08 [See 'europe' file for details].   # Kazakh 1992-01-13 act appears to provide the same rules and 1992-03-27   # act was to be enacted on the last Sunday of March 1992.    - # From Paul Eggert (2016-11-07): + # From Stepan Golosunov (2016-11-08): + # Turgai reorganization should affect only southern part of Qostanay + # oblast. Which should probably be separated into Asia/Arkalyk zone. + # (There were also 1970, 1988 and 1990 Turgai oblast reorganizations + # according to wikipedia.) + # + # [For Qostanay] http://www.ng.kz/gazeta/195/hranit/ + # suggests that clocks were to be moved 40 minutes backwards on + # 1920-01-01 to the fourth time belt. But I do not understand + # how that could happen.... + # + # [For Atyrau and Oral] 1919 decree + # (http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia-1919-02-08.html + # and in Byalokoz) lists Ural river (plus 10 versts on its left bank) in + # the third time belt (before 1930 this means +03). +  + # From Paul Eggert (2016-12-06):   # The tables below reflect Golosunov's remarks, with exceptions as noted.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   #   # Almaty (formerly Alma-Ata), representing most locations in Kazakhstan   # This includes KZ-AKM, KZ-ALA, KZ-ALM, KZ-AST, KZ-BAY, KZ-VOS, KZ-ZHA,   # KZ-KAR, KZ-SEV, KZ-PAV, and KZ-YUZ.   Zone Asia/Almaty 5:07:48 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Alma-Ata    5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21    6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1764:    5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1    6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Sep 29 2:00s    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1992 Mar 29 2:00s    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 2004 Oct 31 2:00s    6:00 - +06   # The following zone is like Asia/Qyzylorda except for being one   # hour earlier from 1991-09-29 to 1992-03-29. The 1991/2 rules for - # Qostenay are unclear partly because of the 1997 Turgai + # Qostanay are unclear partly because of the 1997 Turgai   # reorganization, so this zone is commented out for now.   #Zone Asia/Qostanay 4:14:20 - LMT 1924 May 2   # 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21   # 5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1   # 5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1   # 6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1   # 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s   # 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s   # 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 2004 Oct 31 2:00s   # 6:00 - +06
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1801:    5:00 - +05 1981 Oct 1    6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1994 Sep 25 2:00s    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 2004 Oct 31 2:00s    5:00 - +05   # Atyraū (KZ-ATY) is like Mangghystaū except it switched from   # +04/+05 to +05/+06 in spring 1999, not fall 1994.   Zone Asia/Atyrau 3:27:44 - LMT 1924 May 2 -  4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21 +  3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21    5:00 - +05 1981 Oct 1    6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1999 Mar 28 2:00s    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 2004 Oct 31 2:00s    5:00 - +05   # West Kazakhstan (KZ-ZAP)   # From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):   # The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).   Zone Asia/Oral 3:25:24 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ural'sk -  4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21 +  3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21    5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1    5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1    6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1989 Mar 26 2:00s    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992 Mar 29 2:00s    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 2004 Oct 31 2:00s    5:00 - +05      # Kyrgyzstan (Kirgizstan)
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1836:   # From Paul Eggert (2005-08-15):   # According to an article dated today in the Kyrgyzstan Development Gateway   # http://eng.gateway.kg/cgi-bin/page.pl?id=1&story_name=doc9979.shtml   # Kyrgyzstan is canceling the daylight saving time system. I take the article   # to mean that they will leave their clocks at 6 hours ahead of UTC.   # From Malik Abdugaliev (2005-09-21):   # Our government cancels daylight saving time 6th of August 2005.   # From 2005-08-12 our GMT-offset is +6, w/o any daylight saving.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Kyrgyz 1992 1996 - Apr Sun>=7 0:00s 1:00 S + Rule Kyrgyz 1992 1996 - Apr Sun>=7 0:00s 1:00 -   Rule Kyrgyz 1992 1996 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 - - Rule Kyrgyz 1997 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:30 1:00 S + Rule Kyrgyz 1997 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:30 1:00 -   Rule Kyrgyz 1997 2004 - Oct lastSun 2:30 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Bishkek 4:58:24 - LMT 1924 May 2    5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21    6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Aug 31 2:00    5:00 Kyrgyz +05/+06 2005 Aug 12    6:00 - +06      ###############################################################################      # Korea (North and South)      # From Annie I. Bang (2006-07-10):   # http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=200607100012   # Korea ran a daylight saving program from 1949-61 but stopped it   # during the 1950-53 Korean War. The system was temporarily enforced   # between 1987 and 1988 ...      # From Sanghyuk Jung (2014-10-29): - # http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-October/021830.html + # https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-October/021830.html   # According to the Korean Wikipedia - # http://ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/한국_표준시 + # https://ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/한국_표준시   # [oldid=12896437 2014-09-04 08:03 UTC]   # DST in Republic of Korea was as follows.... And I checked old   # newspapers in Korean, all articles correspond with data in Wikipedia.   # For example, the article in 1948 (Korean Language) proved that DST   # started at June 1 in that year. For another example, the article in   # 1988 said that DST started at 2:00 AM in that year.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule ROK 1948 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule ROK 1948 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1916:   # the 8:30 time zone on August 15, one example:   # http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-33815049   #   # From Paul Eggert (2015-08-15):   # Bells rang out midnight (00:00) Friday as part of the celebrations. See:   # Talmadge E. North Korea celebrates new time zone, 'Pyongyang Time'   # http://news.yahoo.com/north-korea-celebrates-time-zone-pyongyang-time-164038128.html   # There is no common English-language abbreviation for this time zone.   # Use KST, as that's what we already use for 1954-1961 in ROK.    + # From Kang Seonghoon (2018-04-29): + # North Korea will revert its time zone from UTC+8:30 (PYT; Pyongyang + # Time) back to UTC+9 (KST; Korea Standard Time). + # + # From Seo Sanghyeon (2018-04-30): + # Rodong Sinmun 2018-04-30 announced Pyongyang Time transition plan. + # https://www.nknews.org/kcna/wp-content/uploads/sites/5/2018/04/rodong-2018-04-30.pdf + # ... the transition date is 2018-05-05 ... Citation should be Decree + # No. 2232 of April 30, 2018, of the Presidium of the Supreme People's + # Assembly, as published in Rodong Sinmun. + # From Tim Parenti (2018-04-29): + # It appears to be the front page story at the top in the right-most column. +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Seoul 8:27:52 - LMT 1908 Apr 1    8:30 - KST 1912 Jan 1 -  9:00 - JCST 1937 Oct 1 +     9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 8    9:00 - KST 1954 Mar 21    8:30 ROK K%sT 1961 Aug 10    9:00 ROK K%sT   Zone Asia/Pyongyang 8:23:00 - LMT 1908 Apr 1    8:30 - KST 1912 Jan 1 -  9:00 - JCST 1937 Oct 1 +     9:00 - JST 1945 Aug 24    9:00 - KST 2015 Aug 15 00:00 -  8:30 - KST +  8:30 - KST 2018 May 5 +  9:00 - KST      ###############################################################################      # Kuwait   # See Asia/Riyadh.      # Laos   # See Asia/Bangkok.      
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1972:   Rule Lebanon 1992 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 -   Rule Lebanon 1993 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Lebanon 1993 1998 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule Lebanon 1999 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Beirut 2:22:00 - LMT 1880    2:00 Lebanon EE%sT      # Malaysia   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Sep 14 0:00 0:20 TS # one-Third Summer + Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Sep 14 0:00 0:20 -   Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Dec 14 0:00 0 -   #   # peninsular Malaysia   # taken from Mok Ly Yng (2003-10-30)   # http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/teaching/timezone.html   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Kuala_Lumpur 6:46:46 - LMT 1901 Jan 1    6:55:25 - SMT 1905 Jun 1 # Singapore M.T. -  7:00 - MALT 1933 Jan 1 # Malaya Time -  7:00 0:20 MALST 1936 Jan 1 -  7:20 - MALT 1941 Sep 1 -  7:30 - MALT 1942 Feb 16 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12 -  7:30 - MALT 1982 Jan 1 -  8:00 - MYT # Malaysia Time +  7:00 - +07 1933 Jan 1 +  7:00 0:20 +0720 1936 Jan 1 +  7:20 - +0720 1941 Sep 1 +  7:30 - +0730 1942 Feb 16 +  9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 12 +  7:30 - +0730 1982 Jan 1 +  8:00 - +08   # Sabah & Sarawak   # From Paul Eggert (2014-08-12):   # The data entries here are mostly from Shanks & Pottenger, but the 1942, 1945   # and 1982 transition dates are from Mok Ly Yng.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Kuching 7:21:20 - LMT 1926 Mar -  7:30 - BORT 1933 # Borneo Time -  8:00 NBorneo BOR%sT 1942 Feb 16 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12 -  8:00 - BORT 1982 Jan 1 -  8:00 - MYT +  7:30 - +0730 1933 +  8:00 NBorneo +08/+0820 1942 Feb 16 +  9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 12 +  8:00 - +08      # Maldives   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Male -  4:54:00 - MMT 1960 # Male Mean Time -  5:00 - MVT # Maldives Time + Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Malé +  4:54:00 - MMT 1960 # Malé Mean Time +  5:00 - +05      # Mongolia      # Shanks & Pottenger say that Mongolia has three time zones, but   # The USNO (1995-12-21) and the CIA map Standard Time Zones of the World   # (2005-03) both say that it has just one.      # From Oscar van Vlijmen (1999-12-11):   # General Information Mongolia   # <http://www.mongoliatourism.gov.mn/general.htm> (1999-09)
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2086:   # Parliament of Mongolia has just changed the daylight-saving rule in February.   # They decided not to adopt daylight-saving time....   # http://www.mongolnews.mn/index.php?module=unuudur&sec=view&id=15742      # From Deborah Goldsmith (2008-03-30):   # We received a bug report claiming that the tz database UTC offset for   # Asia/Choibalsan (GMT+09:00) is incorrect, and that it should be GMT   # +08:00 instead. Different sources appear to disagree with the tz   # database on this, e.g.:   # - # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=1026 + # https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=1026   # http://www.worldtimeserver.com/current_time_in_MN.aspx   #   # both say GMT+08:00.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-03-31):   # eznis airways, which operates several domestic flights, has a flight   # schedule here:   # http://www.eznis.com/Container.jsp?id=112   # (click the English flag for English)   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2118:   # this is almost surely wrong.      # From Ganbold Tsagaankhuu (2015-03-10):   # It seems like yesterday Mongolian Government meeting has concluded to use   # daylight saving time in Mongolia.... Starting at 2:00AM of last Saturday of   # March 2015, daylight saving time starts. And 00:00AM of last Saturday of   # September daylight saving time ends. Source:   # http://zasag.mn/news/view/8969      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Mongol 1983 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Mongol 1983 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 -   Rule Mongol 1983 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   # Shanks & Pottenger and IATA SSIM say 1990s switches occurred at 00:00,   # but McDow says the 2001 switches occurred at 02:00. Also, IATA SSIM   # (1996-09) says 1996-10-25. Go with Shanks & Pottenger through 1998.   #   # Shanks & Pottenger say that the Sept. 1984 through Sept. 1990 switches   # in Choibalsan (more precisely, in Dornod and Sükhbaatar) took place   # at 02:00 standard time, not at 00:00 local time as in the rest of   # the country. That would be odd, and possibly is a result of their   # correction of 02:00 (in the previous edition) not being done correctly   # in the latest edition; so ignore it for now.    - Rule Mongol 1985 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S + # From Ganbold Tsagaankhuu (2017-02-09): + # Mongolian Government meeting has concluded today to cancel daylight + # saving time adoption in Mongolia. Source: http://zasag.mn/news/view/16192 +  + Rule Mongol 1985 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 -   Rule Mongol 1984 1998 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   # IATA SSIM (1999-09) says Mongolia no longer observes DST. - Rule Mongol 2001 only - Apr lastSat 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Mongol 2001 only - Apr lastSat 2:00 1:00 -   Rule Mongol 2001 2006 - Sep lastSat 2:00 0 - - Rule Mongol 2002 2006 - Mar lastSat 2:00 1:00 S - Rule Mongol 2015 max - Mar lastSat 2:00 1:00 S - Rule Mongol 2015 max - Sep lastSat 0:00 0 - + Rule Mongol 2002 2006 - Mar lastSat 2:00 1:00 - + Rule Mongol 2015 2016 - Mar lastSat 2:00 1:00 - + Rule Mongol 2015 2016 - Sep lastSat 0:00 0 -      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   # Hovd, a.k.a. Chovd, Dund-Us, Dzhargalant, Khovd, Jirgalanta   Zone Asia/Hovd 6:06:36 - LMT 1905 Aug -  6:00 - HOVT 1978 # Hovd Time -  7:00 Mongol HOV%sT +  6:00 - +06 1978 +  7:00 Mongol +07/+08   # Ulaanbaatar, a.k.a. Ulan Bataar, Ulan Bator, Urga   Zone Asia/Ulaanbaatar 7:07:32 - LMT 1905 Aug -  7:00 - ULAT 1978 # Ulaanbaatar Time -  8:00 Mongol ULA%sT +  7:00 - +07 1978 +  8:00 Mongol +08/+09   # Choibalsan, a.k.a. Bajan Tümen, Bajan Tumen, Chojbalsan,   # Choybalsan, Sanbejse, Tchoibalsan   Zone Asia/Choibalsan 7:38:00 - LMT 1905 Aug -  7:00 - ULAT 1978 -  8:00 - ULAT 1983 Apr -  9:00 Mongol CHO%sT 2008 Mar 31 # Choibalsan Time -  8:00 Mongol CHO%sT +  7:00 - +07 1978 +  8:00 - +08 1983 Apr +  9:00 Mongol +09/+10 2008 Mar 31 +  8:00 Mongol +08/+09      # Nepal   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Kathmandu 5:41:16 - LMT 1920 -  5:30 - IST 1986 -  5:45 - NPT # Nepal Time +  5:30 - +0530 1986 +  5:45 - +0545      # Oman   # See Asia/Dubai.      # Pakistan      # From Rives McDow (2002-03-13):   # I have been advised that Pakistan has decided to adopt dst on a   # TRIAL basis for one year, starting 00:01 local time on April 7, 2002   # and ending at 00:01 local time October 6, 2002. This is what I was
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2212:      # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-15):   #   # Here is an article that Pakistan plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time   # on June 1, 2008 for 3 months.   #   # "... The federal cabinet on Wednesday announced a new conservation plan to   # help reduce load shedding by approving the closure of commercial centres at   # 9pm and moving clocks forward by one hour for the next three months. ...."   # - # http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan01.html + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan01.html   # http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008%5C05%5C15%5Cstory_15-5-2008_pg1_4      # From Arthur David Olson (2008-05-19):   # XXX--midnight transitions is a guess; 2008 only is a guess.      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2008-08-28):   # Pakistan government has decided to keep the watches one-hour advanced   # for another 2 months - plan to return to Standard Time on October 31   # instead of August 31.   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2278:   # Officials of Federal Ministry for Interior told this to Geo News on   # Monday."   #   # And more importantly, it seems that these dates will be kept every year:   # "It has now been decided that clocks will be wound forward by one hour   # on April 15 and reversed by an hour on November 1 every year without   # obtaining prior approval, the officials added."   #   # We have confirmed this year's end date with both with the Ministry of   # Water and Power and the Pakistan Electric Power Company: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/pakistan-ends-dst09.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/pakistan-ends-dst09.html      # From Christoph Göhre (2009-10-01):   # [T]he German Consulate General in Karachi reported me today that Pakistan   # will go back to standard time on 1st of November.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-03-26):   # Steffen Thorsen wrote:   # > On Thursday (2010-03-25) it was announced that DST would start in   # > Pakistan on 2010-04-01.   # >
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2310:      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Apr Sun>=2 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Oct Sun>=2 0:00 0 -   Rule Pakistan 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Pakistan 2008 2009 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Pakistan 2009 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907 -  5:30 - IST 1942 Sep -  5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15 -  5:30 - IST 1951 Sep 30 -  5:00 - KART 1971 Mar 26 # Karachi Time +  5:30 - +0530 1942 Sep +  5:30 1:00 +0630 1945 Oct 15 +  5:30 - +0530 1951 Sep 30 +  5:00 - +05 1971 Mar 26    5:00 Pakistan PK%sT # Pakistan Time      # Palestine      # From Amos Shapir (1998-02-15):   #   # From 1917 until 1948-05-15, all of Palestine, including the parts now   # known as the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, was under British rule.   # Therefore the rules given for Israel for that period, apply there too...   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2460:   # One news source:   # http://www.safa.ps/ara/?action=showdetail&seid=4158   # (Palestinian press agency, Arabic),   # Google translate: "Decided that the Palestinian government in Ramallah   # headed by Salam Fayyad, the start of work in time for the winter of   # 2009, starting on Friday approved the fourth delay Sept. clock sixty   # minutes per hour as of Friday morning."   #   # We are not sure if Gaza will do the same, last year they had a different   # end date, we will keep this page updated: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-dst-2009.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-dst-2009.html      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-09-02):   # Seems that Gaza Strip will go back to Winter Time same date as West Bank.   #   # According to Palestinian Ministry Of Interior, West Bank and Gaza Strip plan   # to change time back to Standard time on September 4, 2009.   #   # "Winter time unite the West Bank and Gaza"   # (from Palestinian National Authority):   # http://www.moi.gov.ps/en/?page=633167343250594025&nid=11505
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2498:   # (Ma'an News Agency)   # "At 12:01am Friday, clocks in Israel and the West Bank will change to   # 1:01am, while Gaza clocks will change at 12:01am Saturday morning."      # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-08-11):   # According to several sources, including   # http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=306795   # the clocks were set back one hour at 2010-08-11 00:00:00 local time in   # Gaza and the West Bank.   # Some more background info: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-end-dst-2010.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-end-dst-2010.html      # From Steffen Thorsen (2011-08-26):   # Gaza and the West Bank did go back to standard time in the beginning of   # August, and will now enter daylight saving time again on 2011-08-30   # 00:00 (so two periods of DST in 2011). The pause was because of   # Ramadan.   #   # http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=416217   # Additional info: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/palestine-dst-2011.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/palestine-dst-2011.html      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-08-27):   # According to the article in The Jerusalem Post:   # "...Earlier this month, the Palestinian government in the West Bank decided to   # move to standard time for 30 days, during Ramadan. The Palestinians in the   # Gaza Strip accepted the change and also moved their clocks one hour back.   # The Hamas government said on Saturday that it won't observe summertime after   # the Muslim feast of Id al-Fitr, which begins on Tuesday..."   # ... - # http://www.jpost.com/MiddleEast/Article.aspx?id=235650 + # https://www.jpost.com/MiddleEast/Article.aspx?id=235650   # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_gazastrip05.html   # The rules for Egypt are stolen from the 'africa' file.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2011-09-30):   # West Bank did end Daylight Saving Time this morning/midnight (2011-09-30   # 00:00).   # So West Bank and Gaza now have the same time again.   #   # Many sources, including:   # http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=424808      # From Steffen Thorsen (2012-03-26):   # Palestinian news sources tell that both Gaza and West Bank will start DST   # on Friday (Thursday midnight, 2012-03-29 24:00).   # Some of many sources in Arabic:   # http://www.samanews.com/index.php?act=Show&id=122638   #   # http://safa.ps/details/news/74352/%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%A1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B6%D9%81%D8%A9-%D9%88%D8%BA%D8%B2%D8%A9-%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%84%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%A9.html   #   # Our brief summary: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/gaza-west-bank-dst-2012.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/gaza-west-bank-dst-2012.html      # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-03-26):   # The following news sources tells that Palestine will "start daylight saving   # time from midnight on Friday, March 29, 2013" (translated).   # [These are in Arabic and are for Gaza and for Ramallah, respectively.]   # http://www.samanews.com/index.php?act=Show&id=154120   # http://safa.ps/details/news/99844/%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D9%87-%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%A1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%81%D9%8A-29-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%8A.html      # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-09-24):   # The Gaza and West Bank are ending DST Thursday at midnight   # (2013-09-27 00:00:00) (one hour earlier than last year...).   # This source in English, says "that winter time will go into effect   # at midnight on Thursday in the West Bank and Gaza Strip":   # http://english.wafa.ps/index.php?action=detail&id=23246   # official source...:   # http://www.palestinecabinet.gov.ps/ar/Views/ViewDetails.aspx?pid=1252      # From Steffen Thorsen (2015-03-03):   # Sources such as http://www.alquds.com/news/article/view/id/548257 - # and http://www.raya.ps/ar/news/890705.html say Palestine areas will + # and https://www.raya.ps/ar/news/890705.html say Palestine areas will   # start DST on 2015-03-28 00:00 which is one day later than expected.   #   # From Paul Eggert (2015-03-03): - # http://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/west-bank/ramallah?year=2014 + # https://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/west-bank/ramallah?year=2014   # says that the fall 2014 transition was Oct 23 at 24:00.      # From Hannah Kreitem (2016-03-09):   # http://www.palestinecabinet.gov.ps/WebSite/ar/ViewDetails?ID=31728   # [Google translation]: "The Council also decided to start daylight   # saving in Palestine as of one o'clock on Saturday morning,   # 2016-03-26, to provide the clock 60 minutes ahead." - # - # From Paul Eggert (2016-03-12): - # Predict spring transitions on March's last Saturday at 01:00 from now on. +       # From Sharef Mustafa (2016-10-19):   # [T]he Palestinian cabinet decision (Mar 8th 2016) published on   # http://www.palestinecabinet.gov.ps/WebSite/Upload/Decree/GOV_17/16032016134830.pdf   # states that summer time will end on Oct 29th at 01:00.   #   # From Tim Parenti (2016-10-19):   # Predict fall transitions on October's last Saturday at 01:00 from now on.   # This is consistent with the 2016 transition as well as our spring   # predictions.   #   # From Paul Eggert (2016-10-19):   # It's also consistent with predictions in the following URLs today: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/gaza-strip/gaza - # http://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/west-bank/hebron + # https://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/gaza-strip/gaza + # https://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/west-bank/hebron    -  + # From Sharef Mustafa (2018-03-16): + # Palestine summer time will start on Mar 24th 2018 by advancing the + # clock by 60 minutes as per Palestinian cabinet decision published on + # the official website, though the decree did not specify the exact + # time of the time shift. + # http://www.palestinecabinet.gov.ps/Website/AR/NDecrees/ViewFile.ashx?ID=e7a42ab7-ee23-435a-b9c8-a4f7e81f3817 + # + # From Paul Eggert (2018-03-16): + # For 2016 on, predict spring transitions on March's fourth Saturday at 01:00. +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule EgyptAsia 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S   Rule EgyptAsia 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule EgyptAsia 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1967 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S   Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -   Rule EgyptAsia 1966 only - Oct 1 3:00 0 -      Rule Palestine 1999 2005 - Apr Fri>=15 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Palestine 1999 2003 - Oct Fri>=15 0:00 0 -
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2619:   Rule Palestine 2010 only - Aug 11 0:00 0 -   Rule Palestine 2011 only - Apr 1 0:01 1:00 S   Rule Palestine 2011 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Palestine 2011 only - Aug 30 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Palestine 2011 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 -   Rule Palestine 2012 2014 - Mar lastThu 24:00 1:00 S   Rule Palestine 2012 only - Sep 21 1:00 0 -   Rule Palestine 2013 only - Sep Fri>=21 0:00 0 -   Rule Palestine 2014 2015 - Oct Fri>=21 0:00 0 -   Rule Palestine 2015 only - Mar lastFri 24:00 1:00 S - Rule Palestine 2016 max - Mar lastSat 1:00 1:00 S + Rule Palestine 2016 max - Mar Sat>=22 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Palestine 2016 max - Oct lastSat 1:00 0 -      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Gaza 2:17:52 - LMT 1900 Oct    2:00 Zion EET/EEST 1948 May 15    2:00 EgyptAsia EE%sT 1967 Jun 5    2:00 Zion I%sT 1996    2:00 Jordan EE%sT 1999    2:00 Palestine EE%sT 2008 Aug 29 0:00    2:00 - EET 2008 Sep
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2651:    2:00 Palestine EE%sT      # Paracel Is   # no information      # Philippines   # On 1844-08-16, Narciso Clavería, governor-general of the   # Philippines, issued a proclamation announcing that 1844-12-30 was to   # be immediately followed by 1845-01-01; see R.H. van Gent's   # History of the International Date Line - # http://www.staff.science.uu.nl/~gent0113/idl/idl_philippines.htm + # https://www.staff.science.uu.nl/~gent0113/idl/idl_philippines.htm   # The rest of the data entries are from Shanks & Pottenger.      # From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2006-04-26):   # ... claims that Philippines had DST last time in 1990:   # http://story.philippinetimes.com/p.x/ct/9/id/145be20cc6b121c0/cid/3e5bbccc730d258c/   # [a story dated 2006-04-25 by Cris Larano of Dow Jones Newswires,   # but no details]      # From Paul Eggert (2014-08-14):   # The following source says DST may be instituted November-January and again   # March-June, but this is not definite. It also says DST was last proclaimed   # during the Ramos administration (1992-1998); but again, no details.   # Carcamo D. PNoy urged to declare use of daylight saving time.   # Philippine Star 2014-08-05   # http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2014/08/05/1354152/pnoy-urged-declare-use-daylight-saving-time      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Phil 1936 only - Nov 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Phil 1936 only - Nov 1 0:00 1:00 -   Rule Phil 1937 only - Feb 1 0:00 0 - - Rule Phil 1954 only - Apr 12 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Phil 1954 only - Apr 12 0:00 1:00 -   Rule Phil 1954 only - Jul 1 0:00 0 - - Rule Phil 1978 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Phil 1978 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 -   Rule Phil 1978 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Manila -15:56:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31    8:04:00 - LMT 1899 May 11 -  8:00 Phil PH%sT 1942 May -  9:00 - JST 1944 Nov -  8:00 Phil PH%sT +  8:00 Phil +08/+09 1942 May +  9:00 - +09 1944 Nov +  8:00 Phil +08/+09      # Qatar   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Qatar 3:26:08 - LMT 1920 # Al Dawhah / Doha -  4:00 - GST 1972 Jun -  3:00 - AST +  4:00 - +04 1972 Jun +  3:00 - +03   Link Asia/Qatar Asia/Bahrain      # Saudi Arabia   #   # From Paul Eggert (2014-07-15):   # Time in Saudi Arabia and other countries in the Arabian peninsula was not   # standardized until relatively recently; we don't know when, and possibly it   # has never been made official. Richard P Hunt, in "Islam city yielding to   # modern times", New York Times (1961-04-09), p 20, wrote that only airlines   # observed standard time, and that people in Jeddah mostly observed quasi-solar
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2713:   # a weekly Dhahran-Cairo service, via the Saudi Arabian cities of Riyadh and   # Jidda, on March 14, 1947". Shanks & Pottenger guessed 1950; go with the   # earlier date.   #   # Shanks & Pottenger also state that until 1968-05-01 Saudi Arabia had two   # time zones; the other zone, at UT +04, was in the far eastern part of   # the country. Ignore this, as it's before our 1970 cutoff.   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Riyadh 3:06:52 - LMT 1947 Mar 14 -  3:00 - AST +  3:00 - +03   Link Asia/Riyadh Asia/Aden # Yemen   Link Asia/Riyadh Asia/Kuwait      # Singapore   # taken from Mok Ly Yng (2003-10-30)   # http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/teaching/timezone.html   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Singapore 6:55:25 - LMT 1901 Jan 1    6:55:25 - SMT 1905 Jun 1 # Singapore M.T. -  7:00 - MALT 1933 Jan 1 # Malaya Time -  7:00 0:20 MALST 1936 Jan 1 -  7:20 - MALT 1941 Sep 1 -  7:30 - MALT 1942 Feb 16 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12 -  7:30 - MALT 1965 Aug 9 # independence -  7:30 - SGT 1982 Jan 1 # Singapore Time -  8:00 - SGT +  7:00 - +07 1933 Jan 1 +  7:00 0:20 +0720 1936 Jan 1 +  7:20 - +0720 1941 Sep 1 +  7:30 - +0730 1942 Feb 16 +  9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 12 +  7:30 - +0730 1982 Jan 1 +  8:00 - +08      # Spratly Is   # no information      # Sri Lanka      # From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):   # Milne says "Madras mean time use from May 1, 1898. Prior to this Colombo   # mean time, 5h. 4m. 21.9s. F., was used." But 5:04:21.9 differs considerably   # from Colombo's meridian 5:19:24, so for now ignore Milne and stick with
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2789:   # March of this year when discussing cricket match times, but nothing   # since then (though there has been a lot of cricket) and nothing in   # other English-language news sources. Our old abbreviation "LKT" is   # even worse. For now, let's use a numeric abbreviation; we can   # switch to "SLST" if it catches on.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Colombo 5:19:24 - LMT 1880    5:19:32 - MMT 1906 # Moratuwa Mean Time    5:30 - +0530 1942 Jan 5 -  5:30 0:30 +0530/+06 1942 Sep -  5:30 1:00 +0530/+0630 1945 Oct 16 2:00 +  5:30 0:30 +06 1942 Sep +  5:30 1:00 +0630 1945 Oct 16 2:00    5:30 - +0530 1996 May 25 0:00    6:30 - +0630 1996 Oct 26 0:30    6:00 - +06 2006 Apr 15 0:30    5:30 - +0530      # Syria   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Syria 1920 1923 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 1920 1923 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 0 -   Rule Syria 1962 only - Apr 29 2:00 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2916:   # two examples:   #   # http://www.sana.sy/eng/21/2009/03/17/217563.htm   # (English, Syrian Arab News # Agency)   # http://thawra.alwehda.gov.sy/_View_news2.asp?FileName=94459258720090318012209   # (Arabic, gov-site)   #   # We have not found any sources saying anything about when DST ends this year.   #   # Our summary - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-starts-march-27-2009.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-starts-march-27-2009.html      # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-10-27):   # The Syrian Arab News Network on 2009-09-29 reported that Syria will   # revert back to winter (standard) time on midnight between Thursday   # 2009-10-29 and Friday 2009-10-30:   # http://www.sana.sy/ara/2/2009/09/29/247012.htm (Arabic)      # From Arthur David Olson (2009-10-28):   # We'll see if future DST switching times turn out to be end of the last   # Thursday of the month or the start of the last Friday of the month or
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2943:   # http://sns.sy/sns/?path=news/read/11421 (Arabic)      # From Steffen Thorsen (2012-03-26):   # Today, Syria's government announced that they will start DST early on Friday   # (00:00). This is a bit earlier than the past two years.   #   # From Syrian Arab News Agency, in Arabic:   # http://www.sana.sy/ara/2/2012/03/26/408215.htm   #   # Our brief summary: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-2012.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-2012.html      # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-27):   # Assume last Friday in March going forward XXX.      Rule Syria 2008 only - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 2008 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Syria 2009 only - Mar lastFri 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 2010 2011 - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 2012 max - Mar lastFri 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 2009 max - Oct lastFri 0:00 0 -
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2972:   Zone Asia/Dushanbe 4:35:12 - LMT 1924 May 2    5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21    6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    5:00 1:00 +05/+06 1991 Sep 9 2:00s    5:00 - +05      # Thailand   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Bangkok 6:42:04 - LMT 1880    6:42:04 - BMT 1920 Apr # Bangkok Mean Time -  7:00 - ICT +  7:00 - +07   Link Asia/Bangkok Asia/Phnom_Penh # Cambodia   Link Asia/Bangkok Asia/Vientiane # Laos      # Turkmenistan   # From Shanks & Pottenger.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Ashgabat 3:53:32 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ashkhabad    4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00    5:00 - +05      # United Arab Emirates   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Dubai 3:41:12 - LMT 1920 -  4:00 - GST +  4:00 - +04   Link Asia/Dubai Asia/Muscat # Oman      # Uzbekistan   # Byalokoz 1919 says Uzbekistan was 4:27:53.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Samarkand 4:27:53 - LMT 1924 May 2    4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21    5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1    5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1    6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:3026:   # From Arthur David Olson (2008-03-18):   # The English-language name of Vietnam's most populous city is "Ho Chi Minh   # City"; use Ho_Chi_Minh below to avoid a name of more than 14 characters.      # From Paul Eggert (2014-10-21) after a heads-up from Trần Ngọc Quân:   # Trần Tiến Bình's authoritative book "Lịch Việt Nam: thế kỷ XX-XXI (1901-2100)"   # (Nhà xuất bản Văn Hoá - Thông Tin, Hanoi, 2005), pp 49-50,   # is quoted verbatim in:   # http://www.thoigian.com.vn/?mPage=P80D01   # is translated by Brian Inglis in: - # http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-October/021654.html + # https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-October/021654.html   # and is the basis for the information below.   #   # The 1906 transition was effective July 1 and standardized Indochina to - # Phù Liễn Observatory, legally 104 deg. 17'17" east of Paris. + # Phù Liễn Observatory, legally 104° 17' 17" east of Paris.   # It's unclear whether this meant legal Paris Mean Time (00:09:21) or - # the Paris Meridian (2 deg. 20'14.03" E); the former yields 07:06:30.1333... + # the Paris Meridian ( 20' 14.03" E); the former yields 07:06:30.1333...   # and the latter 07:06:29.333... so either way it rounds to 07:06:30,   # which is used below even though the modern-day Phù Liễn Observatory   # is closer to 07:06:31. Abbreviate Phù Liễn Mean Time as PLMT.   #   # The following transitions occurred in Indochina in general (before 1954)   # and in South Vietnam in particular (after 1954):   # To 07:00 on 1911-05-01.   # To 08:00 on 1942-12-31 at 23:00.   # To 09:00 in 1945-03-14 at 23:00.   # To 07:00 on 1945-09-02 in Vietnam.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:3061:   # No. 9, Paris, February 1982.   #   # Lê Thành Lân: "Lịch và niên biểu lịch sử hai mươi thế kỷ (0001-2010)",   # NXB Thống kê, Hanoi, 2000.   #   # Lê Thành Lân: "Lịch hai thế kỷ (1802-2010) và các lịch vĩnh cửu",   # NXB Thuận Hoá, Huế, 1995.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh 7:06:40 - LMT 1906 Jul 1 -  7:06:30 - PLMT 1911 May 1 -  7:00 - ICT 1942 Dec 31 23:00 -  8:00 - IDT 1945 Mar 14 23:00 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2 -  7:00 - ICT 1947 Apr 1 -  8:00 - IDT 1955 Jul 1 -  7:00 - ICT 1959 Dec 31 23:00 -  8:00 - IDT 1975 Jun 13 -  7:00 - ICT +  7:06:30 - PLMT 1911 May 1 # Phù Liễn MT +  7:00 - +07 1942 Dec 31 23:00 +  8:00 - +08 1945 Mar 14 23:00 +  9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 2 +  7:00 - +07 1947 Apr 1 +  8:00 - +08 1955 Jul 1 +  7:00 - +07 1959 Dec 31 23:00 +  8:00 - +08 1975 Jun 13 +  7:00 - +07      # Yemen   # See Asia/Riyadh.