pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / asia

version» Context lines:

pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:19:   # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries   # of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,   # IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.   #   # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,   # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which   # I found in the UCLA library.   #   # For data circa 1899, a common source is:   # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94. - # http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359 + # https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359   #   # For Russian data circa 1919, a source is:   # Byalokoz EL. New Counting of Time in Russia since July 1, 1919.   # (See the 'europe' file for a fuller citation.)   #   # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is   # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).   #   # The following alphabetic abbreviations appear in these tables:   # std dst
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:68:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule EUAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 1:00 S   Rule EUAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00u 0 -   Rule EUAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0 -   Rule E-EurAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   Rule E-EurAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule E-EurAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule RussiaAsia 1984 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule RussiaAsia 1985 2011 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S - Rule RussiaAsia 1996 2011 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 - + Rule RussiaAsia 1985 2010 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S + Rule RussiaAsia 1996 2010 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -      # Afghanistan   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Kabul 4:36:48 - LMT 1890    4:00 - +04 1945    4:30 - +0430      # Armenia   # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # Shanks & Pottenger have Yerevan switching to 3:00 (with Russian DST)
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:102:   # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-02-10):   # According to News Armenia, on Feb 9, 2012,   # http://newsarmenia.ru/society/20120209/42609695.html   #   # The Armenia National Assembly adopted final reading of Amendments to the   # Law "On procedure of calculation time on the territory of the Republic of   # Armenia" according to which Armenia [is] abolishing Daylight Saving Time.   # or   # (brief)   # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_armenia03.html + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Armenia 2011 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S + Rule Armenia 2011 only - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Yerevan 2:58:00 - LMT 1924 May 2    3:00 - +03 1957 Mar    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 1995 Sep 24 2:00s    4:00 - +04 1997 -  4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 +  4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 2011 +  4:00 Armenia +04/+05      # Azerbaijan      # From Rustam Aliyev of the Azerbaijan Internet Forum (2005-10-23):   # According to the resolution of Cabinet of Ministers, 1997   # From Paul Eggert (2015-09-17): It was Resolution No. 21 (1997-03-17).   # http://code.az/files/daylight_res.pdf      # From Steffen Thorsen (2016-03-17):   # ... the Azerbaijani Cabinet of Ministers has cancelled switching to   # daylight saving time.... - # http://www.azernews.az/azerbaijan/94137.html + # https://www.azernews.az/azerbaijan/94137.html   # http://vestnikkavkaza.net/news/Azerbaijani-Cabinet-of-Ministers-cancels-daylight-saving-time.html   # http://en.apa.az/xeber_azerbaijan_abolishes_daylight_savings_ti_240862.html      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Azer 1997 2015 - Mar lastSun 4:00 1:00 S   Rule Azer 1997 2015 - Oct lastSun 5:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Baku 3:19:24 - LMT 1924 May 2    3:00 - +03 1957 Mar    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:161:   # crippling power crisis. "   #   # The switch will remain in effect from June 16 to Sept 30 (2009) but if   # implemented the next year, it will come in force from April 1, 2010      # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-02):   # They have finally decided now, but changed the start date to midnight between   # the 19th and 20th, and they have not set the end date yet.   #   # Some sources: - # http://in.reuters.com/article/southAsiaNews/idINIndia-40017620090601 + # https://in.reuters.com/article/southAsiaNews/idINIndia-40017620090601   # http://bdnews24.com/details.php?id=85889&cid=2   #   # Our wrap-up: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/bangladesh-daylight-saving-2009.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/bangladesh-daylight-saving-2009.html      # From A. N. M. Kamrus Saadat (2009-06-15):   # Finally we've got the official mail regarding DST start time where DST start   # time is mentioned as Jun 19 2009, 23:00 from BTRC (Bangladesh   # Telecommunication Regulatory Commission).   #   # No DST end date has been announced yet.      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-09-25):   # Bangladesh won't go back to Standard Time from October 1, 2009,
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:251:   # Brunei   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Brunei 7:39:40 - LMT 1926 Mar # Bandar Seri Begawan    7:30 - +0730 1933    8:00 - +08      # Burma / Myanmar      # Milne says 6:24:40 was the meridian of the time ball observatory at Rangoon.    + # From Paul Eggert (2017-04-20): + # Page 27 of Reed & Low (cited for Asia/Kolkata) says "Rangoon local time is + # used upon the railways and telegraphs of Burma, and is 6h. 24m. 47s. ahead + # of Greenwich." This refers to the period before Burma's transition to +0630, + # a transition for which Shanks is the only source. +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Yangon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Rangoon -  6:24:40 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon Mean Time? + Zone Asia/Yangon 6:24:47 - LMT 1880 # or Rangoon +  6:24:47 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon local time    6:30 - +0630 1942 May    9:00 - +09 1945 May 3    6:30 - +0630      # Cambodia   # See Asia/Bangkok.         # China   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:310:   Rule PRC 1986 1991 - Sep Sun>=11 0:00 0 S   Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D      # From Anthony Fok (2001-12-20):   # BTW, I did some research on-line and found some info regarding these five   # historic timezones from some Taiwan websites. And yes, there are official   # Chinese names for these locales (before 1949).   #   # From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2006-07-14):   # I have investigated the timezones around 1970 on the - # http://www.astro.com/atlas site [with provinces and county + # https://www.astro.com/atlas site [with provinces and county   # boundaries summarized below].... A few other exceptions were two   # counties on the Sichuan side of the Xizang-Sichuan border,   # counties Dege and Baiyu which lies on the Sichuan side and are   # therefore supposed to be GMT+7, Xizang region being GMT+6, but Dege   # county is GMT+8 according to astro.com while Baiyu county is GMT+6   # (could be true), for the moment I am assuming that those two   # counties are mistakes in the astro.com data.      # From Paul Eggert (2017-01-05):   # Alois Treindl kindly sent me translations of the following two sources:
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:462:   # 6. Likewise for Kashgar and the rest of south Xinjiang I don't know of any   # start date for Xinjiang time.   #   # Without having access to local historical records, nor the ability to legally   # publish them, I would go with October 1, 1949, when Xinjiang became the Uyghur   # Autonomous Region under the PRC. (Before that Uyghurs, of course, would also   # not be using Beijing time, but some local time.)      # From David Cochrane (2014-03-26):   # Just a confirmation that Ürümqi time was implemented in Ürümqi on 1 Feb 1986: - # http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,960684,00.html + # https://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,960684,00.html      # From Luther Ma (2014-04-22):   # I have interviewed numerous people of various nationalities and from   # different localities in Xinjiang and can confirm the information in Guo's   # report regarding Xinjiang, as well as the Time article reference by David   # Cochrane. Whether officially recognized or not (and both are officially   # recognized), two separate times have been in use in Xinjiang since at least   # the Cultural Revolution: Xinjiang Time (XJT), aka Ürümqi Time or local time;   # and Beijing Time. There is no confusion in Xinjiang as to which name refers   # to which time. Both are widely used in the province, although in some
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:619:   # http://www.cwb.gov.tw/V6/astronomy/cdata/summert.htm   # Taipei has DST in 1979 between July 1st and Sep 30.      # From Yu-Cheng Chuang (2013-07-12):   # On Dec 28, 1895, the Meiji Emperor announced Ordinance No. 167 of   # Meiji Year 28 "The clause about standard time", mentioned that   # Taiwan and Penghu Islands, as well as Yaeyama and Miyako Islands   # (both in Okinawa) adopt the Western Standard Time which is based on   # 120E. The adoption began from Jan 1, 1896. The original text can be   # found on Wikisource: - # http://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/標準時ニ關スル件_(公布時) + # https://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/標準時ニ關スル件_(公布時)   # ... This could be the first adoption of time zone in Taiwan, because   # during the Qing Dynasty, it seems that there was no time zone   # declared officially.   #   # Later, in the beginning of World War II, on Sep 25, 1937, the Showa   # Emperor announced Ordinance No. 529 of Showa Year 12 "The clause of   # revision in the ordinance No. 167 of Meiji year 28 about standard   # time", in which abolished the adoption of Western Standard Time in   # western islands (listed above), which means the whole Japan   # territory, including later occupations, adopt Japan Central Time   # (UTC+9). The adoption began on Oct 1, 1937. The original text can   # be found on Wikisource: - # http://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/明治二十八年勅令第百六十七號標準時ニ關スル件中改正ノ件 + # https://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/明治二十八年勅令第百六十七號標準時ニ關スル件中改正ノ件   #   # That is, the time zone of Taipei switched to UTC+9 on Oct 1, 1937.      # From Yu-Cheng Chuang (2014-07-02):   # I've found more evidence about when the time zone was switched from UTC+9   # back to UTC+8 after WW2. I believe it was on Sep 21, 1945. In a document   # during Japanese era [1] in which the officer told the staff to change time   # zone back to Western Standard Time (UTC+8) on Sep 21. And in another   # history page of National Cheng Kung University [2], on Sep 21 there is a   # note "from today, switch back to Western Standard Time". From these two
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:768:      # From Paul Eggert (2016-09-09):   # Yesterday's Cyprus Mail reports that Northern Cyprus followed Turkey's   # lead and switched from +02/+03 to +03 year-round.   # http://cyprus-mail.com/2016/09/08/two-time-zones-cyprus-turkey-will-not-turn-clocks-back-next-month/   #   # From Even Scharning (2016-10-31):   # Looks like the time zone split in Cyprus went through last night.   # http://cyprus-mail.com/2016/10/30/cyprus-new-division-two-time-zones-now-reality/    + # From Paul Eggert (2017-10-18): + # Northern Cyprus will reinstate winter time on October 29, thus + # staying in sync with the rest of Cyprus. See: Anastasiou A. + # Cyprus to remain united in time. Cyprus Mail 2017-10-17. + # https://cyprus-mail.com/2017/10/17/cyprus-remain-united-time/ +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Apr 13 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Oct 12 0:00 0 -   Rule Cyprus 1976 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Cyprus 1976 only - Oct 11 0:00 0 -   Rule Cyprus 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Cyprus 1977 only - Sep 25 0:00 0 -   Rule Cyprus 1978 only - Oct 2 0:00 0 -   Rule Cyprus 1979 1997 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule Cyprus 1981 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Nicosia 2:13:28 - LMT 1921 Nov 14    2:00 Cyprus EE%sT 1998 Sep    2:00 EUAsia EE%sT   Zone Asia/Famagusta 2:15:48 - LMT 1921 Nov 14    2:00 Cyprus EE%sT 1998 Sep    2:00 EUAsia EE%sT 2016 Sep 8 -  3:00 - +03 +  3:00 - +03 2017 Oct 29 1:00u +  2:00 EUAsia EE%sT      # Classically, Cyprus belongs to Asia; e.g. see Herodotus, Histories, I.72.   # However, for various reasons many users expect to find it under Europe.   Link Asia/Nicosia Europe/Nicosia      # Georgia   # From Paul Eggert (1994-11-19):   # Today's _Economist_ (p 60) reports that Georgia moved its clocks forward   # an hour recently, due to a law proposed by Zurab Murvanidze,   # an MP who went on a hunger strike for 11 days to force discussion about it!
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:845:    4:00 E-EurAsia +04/+05 2004 Jun 27    3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 2005 Mar lastSun 2:00    4:00 - +04      # East Timor      # See Indonesia for the 1945 transition.      # From João Carrascalão, brother of the former governor of East Timor, in   # East Timor may be late for its millennium - # <http://etan.org/et99c/december/26-31/30ETMAY.htm> (1999-12-26/31): + # <https://etan.org/et99c/december/26-31/30ETMAY.htm> (1999-12-26/31):   # Portugal tried to change the time forward in 1974 because the sun   # rises too early but the suggestion raised a lot of problems with the   # Timorese and I still don't think it would work today because it   # conflicts with their way of life.      # From Paul Eggert (2000-12-04):   # We don't have any record of the above attempt.   # Most likely our records are incomplete, but we have no better data.      # From Manoel de Almeida e Silva, Deputy Spokesman for the UN Secretary-General
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:873:   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1    8:00 - +08 1942 Feb 21 23:00    9:00 - +09 1976 May 3    8:00 - +08 2000 Sep 17 0:00    9:00 - +09      # India      # From Ian P. Beacock, in "A brief history of (modern) time", The Atlantic - # http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/12/the-creation-of-modern-time/421419/ + # https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/12/the-creation-of-modern-time/421419/   # (2015-12-22):   # In January 1906, several thousand cotton-mill workers rioted on the   # outskirts of Bombay.... They were protesting the proposed abolition of   # local time in favor of Indian Standard Time.... Journalists called this   # dispute the "Battle of the Clocks." It lasted nearly half a century.    -  + # From Paul Eggert (2017-04-20): + # Good luck trying to nail down old timekeeping records in India. + # "... in the nineteenth century ... Madras Observatory took its magnetic + # measurements on Göttingen time, its meteorological measurements on Madras + # (local) time, dropped its time ball on Greenwich (ocean navigator's) time, + # and distributed civil (local time)." -- Bartky IR. Selling the true time: + # 19th-century timekeeping in america. Stanford U Press (2000), 247 note 19. + # "A more potent cause of resistance to the general adoption of the present + # standard time lies in the fact that it is Madras time. The citizen of + # Bombay, proud of being 'primus in Indis' and of Calcutta, equally proud of + # his city being the Capital of India, and - for a part of the year - the Seat + # of the Supreme Government, alike look down on Madras, and refuse to change + # the time they are using, for that of what they regard as a benighted + # Presidency; while Madras, having for long given the standard time to the + # rest of India, would resist the adoption of any other Indian standard in its + # place." -- Oldham RD. On Time in India: a suggestion for its improvement. + # Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (April 1899), 49-55. + # + # "In 1870 ... Madras time - 'now used by the telegraph and regulated from the + # only government observatory' - was suggested as a standard railway time, + # first to be adopted on the Great Indian Peninsular Railway (GIPR).... + # Calcutta, Bombay, and Karachi, were to be allowed to continue with their + # local time for civil purposes." - Prasad R. Tracks of Change: Railways and + # Everyday Life in Colonial India. Cambridge University Press (2016), 145. + # + # Reed S, Low F. The Indian Year Book 1936-37. Bennett, Coleman, pp 27-8. + # https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.282212 + # This lists +052110 as Madras local time used in railways, and says that on + # 1906-01-01 railways and telegraphs in India switched to +0530. Some + # municipalities retained their former time, and the time in Calcutta + # continued to depend on whether you were at the railway station or at + # government offices. Government time was at +055320 (according to Shanks) or + # at +0554 (according to the Indian Year Book). Railway time is more + # appropriate for our purposes, as it was better documented, it is what we do + # elsewhere (e.g., Europe/London before 1880), and after 1906 it was + # consistent in the region now identified by Asia/Kolkata. So, use railway + # time for 1870-1941. Shanks is our only (and dubious) source for the + # 1941-1945 data. +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata -  5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time? -  6:30 - +0630 1942 May 15 + Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1854 Jun 28 # Kolkata +  5:53:20 - HMT 1870 # Howrah Mean Time? +  5:21:10 - MMT 1906 Jan 1 # Madras local time +  5:30 - IST 1941 Oct +  5:30 1:00 +0630 1942 May 15    5:30 - IST 1942 Sep    5:30 1:00 +0630 1945 Oct 15    5:30 - IST - # The following are like Asia/Kolkata: + # Since 1970 the following are like Asia/Kolkata:   # Andaman Is   # Lakshadweep (Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Is)   # Nicobar Is      # Indonesia   #   # From Paul Eggert (2014-09-06):   # The 1876 Report of the Secretary of the [US] Navy, p 306 says that Batavia   # civil time was 7:07:12.5; round to even for Jakarta.   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1029:   # Reingold's/Dershowitz' calculator gives correctly the Gregorian date   # 2058-03-21 for 1 Farvardin 1437 (astronomical).   #   # From Steffen Thorsen (2006-03-22):   # Several of my users have reported that Iran will not observe DST anymore:   # http://www.irna.ir/en/news/view/line-17/0603193812164948.htm   #   # From Reuters (2007-09-16), with a heads-up from Jesper Nørgaard Welen:   # ... the Guardian Council ... approved a law on Sunday to re-introduce   # daylight saving time ... - # http://uk.reuters.com/article/oilRpt/idUKBLA65048420070916 + # https://uk.reuters.com/article/oilRpt/idUKBLA65048420070916   #   # From Roozbeh Pournader (2007-11-05):   # This is quoted from Official Gazette of the Islamic Republic of   # Iran, Volume 63, No. 18242, dated Tuesday 1386/6/24   # [2007-10-16]. I am doing the best translation I can:...   # The official time of the country will be moved forward for one hour   # on the 24 hours of the first day of the month of Farvardin and will   # be changed back to its previous state on the 24 hours of the   # thirtieth day of Shahrivar.   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1128:   #   # So we'll ignore the Economist's claim.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-03-10):   # The cabinet in Iraq abolished DST last week, according to the following   # news sources (in Arabic):   # http://www.aljeeran.net/wesima_articles/news-20080305-98602.html   # http://www.aswataliraq.info/look/article.tpl?id=2047&IdLanguage=17&IdPublication=4&NrArticle=71743&NrIssue=1&NrSection=10   #   # We have published a short article in English about the change: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/iraq-dumps-daylight-saving.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/iraq-dumps-daylight-saving.html      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Iraq 1982 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Iraq 1982 1984 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S   Rule Iraq 1983 only - Mar 31 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Iraq 1984 1985 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Iraq 1985 1990 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 S   Rule Iraq 1986 1990 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 D   # IATA SSIM (1991/1996) says Apr 1 12:01am UTC; guess the ':01' is a typo.   # Shanks & Pottenger say Iraq did not observe DST 1992/1997; ignore this.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1436:   # time" was abolished in the ordinance No. 529 (1937). In the ordinance No.   # 167, there is no mention regarding for what place western standard time is   # standard....   #   # I wrote "ordinance" above, but I don't know how to translate.   # In Japanese it's "chokurei", which means ordinance from emperor.      # From Yu-Cheng Chuang (2013-07-12):   # ...the Meiji Emperor announced Ordinance No. 167 of Meiji Year 28 "The clause   # about standard time" ... The adoption began from Jan 1, 1896. - # http://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/標準時ニ關スル件_(公布時) + # https://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/標準時ニ關スル件_(公布時)   #   # ...the Showa Emperor announced Ordinance No. 529 of Showa Year 12 ... which   # means the whole Japan territory, including later occupations, adopt Japan   # Central Time (UTC+9). The adoption began on Oct 1, 1937. - # http://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/明治二十八年勅令第百六十七號標準時ニ關スル件中改正ノ件 + # https://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/明治二十八年勅令第百六十七號標準時ニ關スル件中改正ノ件      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Tokyo 9:18:59 - LMT 1887 Dec 31 15:00u    9:00 Japan J%sT   # Since 1938, all Japanese possessions have been like Asia/Tokyo.      # Jordan   #   # From <http://star.arabia.com/990701/JO9.html>   # Jordan Week (1999-07-01) via Steffen Thorsen (1999-09-09):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1503:   # until about the same time next year (at least).   # http://www.petra.gov.jo/Public_News/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?NewsID=88950      # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-12-11):   # Jordan Times and other sources say that Jordan is going back to   # UTC+2 on 2013-12-19 at midnight:   # http://jordantimes.com/govt-decides-to-switch-back-to-wintertime   # Official, in Arabic:   # http://www.petra.gov.jo/public_news/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?Menu_ID=&Site_Id=2&lang=1&NewsID=133230&CatID=14   # ... Our background/permalink about it - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/jordan-reverses-dst-decision.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/jordan-reverses-dst-decision.html   # ...   # http://www.petra.gov.jo/Public_News/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?lang=2&site_id=1&NewsID=133313&Type=P   # ... says midnight for the coming one and 1:00 for the ones in the future   # (and they will use DST again next year, using the normal schedule).      # From Paul Eggert (2013-12-11):   # As Steffen suggested, consider the past 21-month experiment to be DST.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Jordan 1973 only - Jun 6 0:00 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1861:      # Korea (North and South)      # From Annie I. Bang (2006-07-10):   # http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=200607100012   # Korea ran a daylight saving program from 1949-61 but stopped it   # during the 1950-53 Korean War. The system was temporarily enforced   # between 1987 and 1988 ...      # From Sanghyuk Jung (2014-10-29): - # http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-October/021830.html + # https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-October/021830.html   # According to the Korean Wikipedia - # http://ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/한국_표준시 + # https://ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/한국_표준시   # [oldid=12896437 2014-09-04 08:03 UTC]   # DST in Republic of Korea was as follows.... And I checked old   # newspapers in Korean, all articles correspond with data in Wikipedia.   # For example, the article in 1948 (Korean Language) proved that DST   # started at June 1 in that year. For another example, the article in   # 1988 said that DST started at 2:00 AM in that year.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule ROK 1948 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule ROK 1948 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2085:   # Parliament of Mongolia has just changed the daylight-saving rule in February.   # They decided not to adopt daylight-saving time....   # http://www.mongolnews.mn/index.php?module=unuudur&sec=view&id=15742      # From Deborah Goldsmith (2008-03-30):   # We received a bug report claiming that the tz database UTC offset for   # Asia/Choibalsan (GMT+09:00) is incorrect, and that it should be GMT   # +08:00 instead. Different sources appear to disagree with the tz   # database on this, e.g.:   # - # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=1026 + # https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=1026   # http://www.worldtimeserver.com/current_time_in_MN.aspx   #   # both say GMT+08:00.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-03-31):   # eznis airways, which operates several domestic flights, has a flight   # schedule here:   # http://www.eznis.com/Container.jsp?id=112   # (click the English flag for English)   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2215:      # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-15):   #   # Here is an article that Pakistan plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time   # on June 1, 2008 for 3 months.   #   # "... The federal cabinet on Wednesday announced a new conservation plan to   # help reduce load shedding by approving the closure of commercial centres at   # 9pm and moving clocks forward by one hour for the next three months. ...."   # - # http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan01.html + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan01.html   # http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008%5C05%5C15%5Cstory_15-5-2008_pg1_4      # From Arthur David Olson (2008-05-19):   # XXX--midnight transitions is a guess; 2008 only is a guess.      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2008-08-28):   # Pakistan government has decided to keep the watches one-hour advanced   # for another 2 months - plan to return to Standard Time on October 31   # instead of August 31.   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2281:   # Officials of Federal Ministry for Interior told this to Geo News on   # Monday."   #   # And more importantly, it seems that these dates will be kept every year:   # "It has now been decided that clocks will be wound forward by one hour   # on April 15 and reversed by an hour on November 1 every year without   # obtaining prior approval, the officials added."   #   # We have confirmed this year's end date with both with the Ministry of   # Water and Power and the Pakistan Electric Power Company: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/pakistan-ends-dst09.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/pakistan-ends-dst09.html      # From Christoph Göhre (2009-10-01):   # [T]he German Consulate General in Karachi reported me today that Pakistan   # will go back to standard time on 1st of November.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-03-26):   # Steffen Thorsen wrote:   # > On Thursday (2010-03-25) it was announced that DST would start in   # > Pakistan on 2010-04-01.   # >
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2463:   # One news source:   # http://www.safa.ps/ara/?action=showdetail&seid=4158   # (Palestinian press agency, Arabic),   # Google translate: "Decided that the Palestinian government in Ramallah   # headed by Salam Fayyad, the start of work in time for the winter of   # 2009, starting on Friday approved the fourth delay Sept. clock sixty   # minutes per hour as of Friday morning."   #   # We are not sure if Gaza will do the same, last year they had a different   # end date, we will keep this page updated: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-dst-2009.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-dst-2009.html      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-09-02):   # Seems that Gaza Strip will go back to Winter Time same date as West Bank.   #   # According to Palestinian Ministry Of Interior, West Bank and Gaza Strip plan   # to change time back to Standard time on September 4, 2009.   #   # "Winter time unite the West Bank and Gaza"   # (from Palestinian National Authority):   # http://www.moi.gov.ps/en/?page=633167343250594025&nid=11505
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2501:   # (Ma'an News Agency)   # "At 12:01am Friday, clocks in Israel and the West Bank will change to   # 1:01am, while Gaza clocks will change at 12:01am Saturday morning."      # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-08-11):   # According to several sources, including   # http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=306795   # the clocks were set back one hour at 2010-08-11 00:00:00 local time in   # Gaza and the West Bank.   # Some more background info: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-end-dst-2010.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-end-dst-2010.html      # From Steffen Thorsen (2011-08-26):   # Gaza and the West Bank did go back to standard time in the beginning of   # August, and will now enter daylight saving time again on 2011-08-30   # 00:00 (so two periods of DST in 2011). The pause was because of   # Ramadan.   #   # http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=416217   # Additional info: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/palestine-dst-2011.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/palestine-dst-2011.html      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-08-27):   # According to the article in The Jerusalem Post:   # "...Earlier this month, the Palestinian government in the West Bank decided to   # move to standard time for 30 days, during Ramadan. The Palestinians in the   # Gaza Strip accepted the change and also moved their clocks one hour back.   # The Hamas government said on Saturday that it won't observe summertime after   # the Muslim feast of Id al-Fitr, which begins on Tuesday..."   # ... - # http://www.jpost.com/MiddleEast/Article.aspx?id=235650 + # https://www.jpost.com/MiddleEast/Article.aspx?id=235650   # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_gazastrip05.html   # The rules for Egypt are stolen from the 'africa' file.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2011-09-30):   # West Bank did end Daylight Saving Time this morning/midnight (2011-09-30   # 00:00).   # So West Bank and Gaza now have the same time again.   #   # Many sources, including:   # http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=424808      # From Steffen Thorsen (2012-03-26):   # Palestinian news sources tell that both Gaza and West Bank will start DST   # on Friday (Thursday midnight, 2012-03-29 24:00).   # Some of many sources in Arabic:   # http://www.samanews.com/index.php?act=Show&id=122638   #   # http://safa.ps/details/news/74352/%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%A1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B6%D9%81%D8%A9-%D9%88%D8%BA%D8%B2%D8%A9-%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%84%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%A9.html   #   # Our brief summary: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/gaza-west-bank-dst-2012.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/gaza-west-bank-dst-2012.html      # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-03-26):   # The following news sources tells that Palestine will "start daylight saving   # time from midnight on Friday, March 29, 2013" (translated).   # [These are in Arabic and are for Gaza and for Ramallah, respectively.]   # http://www.samanews.com/index.php?act=Show&id=154120   # http://safa.ps/details/news/99844/%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D9%87-%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%A1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%81%D9%8A-29-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%8A.html      # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-09-24):   # The Gaza and West Bank are ending DST Thursday at midnight   # (2013-09-27 00:00:00) (one hour earlier than last year...).   # This source in English, says "that winter time will go into effect   # at midnight on Thursday in the West Bank and Gaza Strip":   # http://english.wafa.ps/index.php?action=detail&id=23246   # official source...:   # http://www.palestinecabinet.gov.ps/ar/Views/ViewDetails.aspx?pid=1252      # From Steffen Thorsen (2015-03-03):   # Sources such as http://www.alquds.com/news/article/view/id/548257 - # and http://www.raya.ps/ar/news/890705.html say Palestine areas will + # and https://www.raya.ps/ar/news/890705.html say Palestine areas will   # start DST on 2015-03-28 00:00 which is one day later than expected.   #   # From Paul Eggert (2015-03-03): - # http://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/west-bank/ramallah?year=2014 + # https://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/west-bank/ramallah?year=2014   # says that the fall 2014 transition was Oct 23 at 24:00.      # From Hannah Kreitem (2016-03-09):   # http://www.palestinecabinet.gov.ps/WebSite/ar/ViewDetails?ID=31728   # [Google translation]: "The Council also decided to start daylight   # saving in Palestine as of one o'clock on Saturday morning,   # 2016-03-26, to provide the clock 60 minutes ahead."   #   # From Paul Eggert (2016-03-12):   # Predict spring transitions on March's last Saturday at 01:00 from now on.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2590:   # http://www.palestinecabinet.gov.ps/WebSite/Upload/Decree/GOV_17/16032016134830.pdf   # states that summer time will end on Oct 29th at 01:00.   #   # From Tim Parenti (2016-10-19):   # Predict fall transitions on October's last Saturday at 01:00 from now on.   # This is consistent with the 2016 transition as well as our spring   # predictions.   #   # From Paul Eggert (2016-10-19):   # It's also consistent with predictions in the following URLs today: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/gaza-strip/gaza - # http://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/west-bank/hebron + # https://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/gaza-strip/gaza + # https://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/west-bank/hebron      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule EgyptAsia 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S   Rule EgyptAsia 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule EgyptAsia 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1967 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S   Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -   Rule EgyptAsia 1966 only - Oct 1 3:00 0 -      Rule Palestine 1999 2005 - Apr Fri>=15 0:00 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2654:    2:00 Palestine EE%sT      # Paracel Is   # no information      # Philippines   # On 1844-08-16, Narciso Clavería, governor-general of the   # Philippines, issued a proclamation announcing that 1844-12-30 was to   # be immediately followed by 1845-01-01; see R.H. van Gent's   # History of the International Date Line - # http://www.staff.science.uu.nl/~gent0113/idl/idl_philippines.htm + # https://www.staff.science.uu.nl/~gent0113/idl/idl_philippines.htm   # The rest of the data entries are from Shanks & Pottenger.      # From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2006-04-26):   # ... claims that Philippines had DST last time in 1990:   # http://story.philippinetimes.com/p.x/ct/9/id/145be20cc6b121c0/cid/3e5bbccc730d258c/   # [a story dated 2006-04-25 by Cris Larano of Dow Jones Newswires,   # but no details]      # From Paul Eggert (2014-08-14):   # The following source says DST may be instituted November-January and again
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2918:   # two examples:   #   # http://www.sana.sy/eng/21/2009/03/17/217563.htm   # (English, Syrian Arab News # Agency)   # http://thawra.alwehda.gov.sy/_View_news2.asp?FileName=94459258720090318012209   # (Arabic, gov-site)   #   # We have not found any sources saying anything about when DST ends this year.   #   # Our summary - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-starts-march-27-2009.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-starts-march-27-2009.html      # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-10-27):   # The Syrian Arab News Network on 2009-09-29 reported that Syria will   # revert back to winter (standard) time on midnight between Thursday   # 2009-10-29 and Friday 2009-10-30:   # http://www.sana.sy/ara/2/2009/09/29/247012.htm (Arabic)      # From Arthur David Olson (2009-10-28):   # We'll see if future DST switching times turn out to be end of the last   # Thursday of the month or the start of the last Friday of the month or
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2945:   # http://sns.sy/sns/?path=news/read/11421 (Arabic)      # From Steffen Thorsen (2012-03-26):   # Today, Syria's government announced that they will start DST early on Friday   # (00:00). This is a bit earlier than the past two years.   #   # From Syrian Arab News Agency, in Arabic:   # http://www.sana.sy/ara/2/2012/03/26/408215.htm   #   # Our brief summary: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-2012.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-2012.html      # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-27):   # Assume last Friday in March going forward XXX.      Rule Syria 2008 only - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 2008 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Syria 2009 only - Mar lastFri 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 2010 2011 - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 2012 max - Mar lastFri 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 2009 max - Oct lastFri 0:00 0 -
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:3028:   # From Arthur David Olson (2008-03-18):   # The English-language name of Vietnam's most populous city is "Ho Chi Minh   # City"; use Ho_Chi_Minh below to avoid a name of more than 14 characters.      # From Paul Eggert (2014-10-21) after a heads-up from Trần Ngọc Quân:   # Trần Tiến Bình's authoritative book "Lịch Việt Nam: thế kỷ XX-XXI (1901-2100)"   # (Nhà xuất bản Văn Hoá - Thông Tin, Hanoi, 2005), pp 49-50,   # is quoted verbatim in:   # http://www.thoigian.com.vn/?mPage=P80D01   # is translated by Brian Inglis in: - # http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-October/021654.html + # https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-October/021654.html   # and is the basis for the information below.   #   # The 1906 transition was effective July 1 and standardized Indochina to   # Phù Liễn Observatory, legally 104 deg. 17'17" east of Paris.   # It's unclear whether this meant legal Paris Mean Time (00:09:21) or   # the Paris Meridian (2 deg. 20'14.03" E); the former yields 07:06:30.1333...   # and the latter 07:06:29.333... so either way it rounds to 07:06:30,   # which is used below even though the modern-day Phù Liễn Observatory   # is closer to 07:06:31. Abbreviate Phù Liễn Mean Time as PLMT.   #