pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / asia

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1:   # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of   # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.      # This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,   # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to   # tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see   # the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.    - # From Paul Eggert (2015-08-08): + # From Paul Eggert (2017-01-13):   #   # Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:   # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),   # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).   # Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.   # - # Gwillim Law writes that a good source - # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport + # Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source + # for time zone data was the International Air Transport   # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),   # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries   # of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,   # IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.   #   # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,   # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which   # I found in the UCLA library.   #   # For data circa 1899, a common source is:   # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94.   # http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359   #   # For Russian data circa 1919, a source is:   # Byalokoz EL. New Counting of Time in Russia since July 1, 1919.   # (See the 'europe' file for a fuller citation.)   #   # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is   # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).   # - # I invented the abbreviations marked '*' in the following table; - # the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources. - # Corrections are welcome! + # The following alphabetic abbreviations appear in these tables:   # std dst   # LMT Local Mean Time   # 2:00 EET EEST Eastern European Time   # 2:00 IST IDT Israel - # 3:00 AST ADT Arabia* - # 3:30 IRST IRDT Iran* - # 4:00 GST Gulf* +    # 5:30 IST India - # 7:00 ICT Indochina, most times and locations* +    # 7:00 WIB west Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Barat)   # 8:00 WITA central Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Tengah)   # 8:00 CST China - # 8:00 IDT Indochina, 1943-45, 1947-55, 1960-75 (some locations)* - # 8:00 JWST Western Standard Time (Japan, 1896/1937)* - # 8:30 KST KDT Korea when at +0830* - # 9:00 JCST Central Standard Time (Japan, 1896/1937) + # 8:30 KST KDT Korea when at +0830   # 9:00 WIT east Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Timur)   # 9:00 JST JDT Japan   # 9:00 KST KDT Korea when at +09   # 9:30 ACST Australian Central Standard Time -  + # Otherwise, these tables typically use numeric abbreviations like +03 + # and +0330 for integer hour and minute UTC offsets. Although earlier + # editions invented alphabetic time zone abbreviations for every + # offset, this did not reflect common practice.   #   # See the 'europe' file for Russia and Turkey in Asia.      # From Guy Harris:   # Incorporates data for Singapore from Robert Elz' asia 1.1, as well as   # additional information from Tom Yap, Sun Microsystems Intercontinental   # Technical Support (including a page from the Official Airline Guide - - # Worldwide Edition). The names for time zones are guesses. + # Worldwide Edition).      ###############################################################################      # These rules are stolen from the 'europe' file.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule EUAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 1:00 S   Rule EUAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00u 0 -   Rule EUAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0 -   Rule E-EurAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   Rule E-EurAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule E-EurAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule RussiaAsia 1984 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -   Rule RussiaAsia 1985 2011 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule RussiaAsia 1996 2011 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -      # Afghanistan   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Kabul 4:36:48 - LMT 1890 -  4:00 - AFT 1945 -  4:30 - AFT +  4:00 - +04 1945 +  4:30 - +0430      # Armenia   # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # Shanks & Pottenger have Yerevan switching to 3:00 (with Russian DST)   # in spring 1991, then to 4:00 with no DST in fall 1995, then   # readopting Russian DST in 1997. Go with Shanks & Pottenger, even   # when they disagree with others. Edgar Der-Danieliantz   # reported (1996-05-04) that Yerevan probably wouldn't use DST   # in 1996, though it did use DST in 1995. IATA SSIM (1991/1998) reports that   # Armenia switched from 3:00 to 4:00 in 1998 and observed DST after 1991,
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:223:   # http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/latest_news.php?nid=22817   # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_bangladesh06.html      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Dhaka 2009 only - Jun 19 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Dhaka 2009 only - Dec 31 24:00 0 -      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Dhaka 6:01:40 - LMT 1890    5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time? -  6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time -  5:30 - IST 1942 Sep -  6:30 - BURT 1951 Sep 30 -  6:00 - DACT 1971 Mar 26 # Dacca Time -  6:00 - BDT 2009 -  6:00 Dhaka BD%sT +  6:30 - +0630 1942 May 15 +  5:30 - +0530 1942 Sep +  6:30 - +0630 1951 Sep 30 +  6:00 - +06 2009 +  6:00 Dhaka +06/+07      # Bhutan   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Thimphu 5:58:36 - LMT 1947 Aug 15 # or Thimbu -  5:30 - IST 1987 Oct -  6:00 - BTT # Bhutan Time +  5:30 - +0530 1987 Oct +  6:00 - +06      # British Indian Ocean Territory   # Whitman and the 1995 CIA time zone map say 5:00, but the   # 1997 and later maps say 6:00. Assume the switch occurred in 1996.   # We have no information as to when standard time was introduced;   # assume it occurred in 1907, the same year as Mauritius (which   # then contained the Chagos Archipelago).   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Chagos 4:49:40 - LMT 1907 -  5:00 - IOT 1996 # BIOT Time -  6:00 - IOT +  5:00 - +05 1996 +  6:00 - +06      # Brunei   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Brunei 7:39:40 - LMT 1926 Mar # Bandar Seri Begawan -  7:30 - BNT 1933 -  8:00 - BNT +  7:30 - +0730 1933 +  8:00 - +08      # Burma / Myanmar      # Milne says 6:24:40 was the meridian of the time ball observatory at Rangoon.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Yangon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Rangoon    6:24:40 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon Mean Time? -  6:30 - BURT 1942 May # Burma Time -  9:00 - JST 1945 May 3 -  6:30 - MMT # Myanmar Time +  6:30 - +0630 1942 May +  9:00 - +09 1945 May 3 +  6:30 - +0630      # Cambodia   # See Asia/Bangkok.         # China      # From Guy Harris:   # People's Republic of China. Yes, they really have only one time zone.   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:325:   # I have investigated the timezones around 1970 on the   # http://www.astro.com/atlas site [with provinces and county   # boundaries summarized below].... A few other exceptions were two   # counties on the Sichuan side of the Xizang-Sichuan border,   # counties Dege and Baiyu which lies on the Sichuan side and are   # therefore supposed to be GMT+7, Xizang region being GMT+6, but Dege   # county is GMT+8 according to astro.com while Baiyu county is GMT+6   # (could be true), for the moment I am assuming that those two   # counties are mistakes in the astro.com data.    - # From Paul Eggert (2014-06-30): + # From Paul Eggert (2017-01-05):   # Alois Treindl kindly sent me translations of the following two sources:   #   # (1)   # Guo Qingsheng (National Time-Service Center, CAS, Xi'an 710600, China)   # Beijing Time at the Beginning of the PRC   # China Historical Materials of Science and Technology   # (Zhongguo ke ji shi liao, 中国科技史料), Vol. 24, No. 1 (2003)   # It gives evidence that at the beginning of the PRC, Beijing time was   # officially apparent solar time! However, Guo also says that the   # evidence is dubious, as the relevant institute of astronomy had not
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:383:   # Xujiahui Observatory was under French control and stuck with UT +08.   #   # In earlier versions of this file, China had many separate Zone entries, but   # this was based on what were apparently incorrect data in Shanks & Pottenger.   # This has now been simplified to the two entries Asia/Shanghai and   # Asia/Urumqi, with the others being links for backward compatibility.   # Proposed in 1918 and theoretically in effect until 1949 (although in practice   # mainly observed in coastal areas), the five zones were:   #   # Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area) UT +08:30 - # Asia/Harbin (currently a link to Asia/Shanghai) + # Now part of Asia/Shanghai; its pre-1970 times are not recorded here.   # Heilongjiang (except Mohe county), Jilin   #   # Zhongyuan Time ("Central plain Time") UT +08 - # Asia/Shanghai + # Now part of Asia/Shanghai.   # most of China - # This currently represents most other zones as well, - # as apparently these regions have been the same since 1970. +    # Milne gives 8:05:43.2 for Xujiahui Observatory time; round to nearest.   # Guo says Shanghai switched to UT +08 "from the end of the 19th century".   # - # Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of the area) UT +07 - # Asia/Chongqing (currently a link to Asia/Shanghai) + # Long-shu Time (probably as Long and Shu were two names of the area) UT +07 + # Now part of Asia/Shanghai; its pre-1970 times are not recorded here.   # Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Ningxia, Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Yunnan; - # most of Gansu; west Inner Mongolia; west Qinghai; and the Guangdong + # most of Gansu; west Inner Mongolia; east Qinghai; and the Guangdong   # counties Deqing, Enping, Kaiping, Luoding, Taishan, Xinxing,   # Yangchun, Yangjiang, Yu'nan, and Yunfu.   #   # Xin-zang Time ("Xinjiang-Tibet Time") UT +06 - # Asia/Urumqi - # This currently represents Kunlun Time as well, - # as apparently the two regions have been the same since 1970. + # This region is now part of either Asia/Urumqi or Asia/Shanghai with + # current boundaries uncertain; times before 1970 for areas that + # disagree with Ürümqi or Shanghai are not recorded here.   # The Gansu counties Aksay, Anxi, Dunhuang, Subei; west Qinghai;   # the Guangdong counties Xuwen, Haikang, Suixi, Lianjiang,   # Zhanjiang, Wuchuan, Huazhou, Gaozhou, Maoming, Dianbai, and Xinyi;   # east Tibet, including Lhasa, Chamdo, Shigaise, Jimsar, Shawan and Hutubi;   # east Xinjiang, including Ürümqi, Turpan, Karamay, Korla, Minfeng, Jinghe,   # Wusu, Qiemo, Xinyan, Wulanwusu, Jinghe, Yumin, Tacheng, Tuoli, Emin,   # Shihezi, Changji, Yanqi, Heshuo, Tuokexun, Tulufan, Shanshan, Hami,   # Fukang, Kuitun, Kumukuli, Miquan, Qitai, and Turfan.   #   # Kunlun Time UT +05:30 - # Asia/Kashgar (currently a link to Asia/Urumqi) + # This region is now in the same status as Xin-zang Time (see above).   # West Tibet, including Pulan, Aheqi, Shufu, Shule;   # West Xinjiang, including Aksu, Atushi, Yining, Hetian, Cele, Luopu, Nileke,   # Zhaosu, Tekesi, Gongliu, Chabuchaer, Huocheng, Bole, Pishan, Suiding,   # and Yarkand.      # From Luther Ma (2009-10-17):   # Almost all (>99.9%) ethnic Chinese (properly ethnic Han) living in   # Xinjiang use Chinese Standard Time. Some are aware of Xinjiang time,   # but have no need of it. All planes, trains, and schools function on   # what is called "Beijing time." When Han make an appointment in Chinese
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:516:   # +08 mandate back then.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   # Beijing time, used throughout China; represented by Shanghai.   Zone Asia/Shanghai 8:05:43 - LMT 1901    8:00 Shang C%sT 1949    8:00 PRC C%sT   # Xinjiang time, used by many in western China; represented by Ürümqi / Ürümchi   # / Wulumuqi. (Please use Asia/Shanghai if you prefer Beijing time.)   Zone Asia/Urumqi 5:50:20 - LMT 1928 -  6:00 - XJT +  6:00 - +06         # Hong Kong (Xianggang)      # Milne gives 7:36:41.7; round this.      # From Lee Yiu Chung (2009-10-24):   # I found there are some mistakes for the...DST rule for Hong   # Kong. [According] to the DST record from Hong Kong Observatory (actually,   # it is not [an] observatory, but the official meteorological agency of HK,
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:735:   Rule Taiwan 1955 1961 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S   Rule Taiwan 1960 1961 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Taiwan 1974 1975 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Taiwan 1974 1975 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S   Rule Taiwan 1979 only - Jul 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Taiwan 1979 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 S      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   # Taipei or Taibei or T'ai-pei   Zone Asia/Taipei 8:06:00 - LMT 1896 Jan 1 -  8:00 - JWST 1937 Oct 1 +  8:00 - CST 1937 Oct 1    9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 21 1:00    8:00 Taiwan C%sT      # Macau (Macao, Aomen)   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Macau 1961 1962 - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1961 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 - - Rule Macau 1963 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1964 only - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1965 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1965 only - Oct 31 0:00 0 - - Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 - - Rule Macau 1972 1974 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1972 1973 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 - - Rule Macau 1974 1977 - Oct Sun>=15 3:30 0 - - Rule Macau 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=15 3:30 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Macau 1961 1962 - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1961 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 S + Rule Macau 1963 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1964 only - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1965 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1965 only - Oct 31 0:00 0 S + Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 S + Rule Macau 1972 1974 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1972 1973 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 S + Rule Macau 1974 1977 - Oct Sun>=15 3:30 0 S + Rule Macau 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=15 3:30 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Macau 7:34:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 -  8:00 Macau MO%sT 1999 Dec 20 # return to China -  8:00 PRC C%sT +  8:00 Macau C%sT         ###############################################################################      # Cyprus      # Milne says the Eastern Telegraph Company used 2:14:00. Stick with LMT.   # IATA SSIM (1998-09) has Cyprus using EU rules for the first time.      # From Paul Eggert (2016-09-09):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:874:   # From Manoel de Almeida e Silva, Deputy Spokesman for the UN Secretary-General   # http://www.hri.org/news/world/undh/2000/00-08-16.undh.html   # (2000-08-16):   # The Cabinet of the East Timor Transition Administration decided   # today to advance East Timor's time by one hour. The time change,   # which will be permanent, with no seasonal adjustment, will happen at   # midnight on Saturday, September 16.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 -  8:00 - TLT 1942 Feb 21 23:00 # E Timor Time -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23 -  9:00 - TLT 1976 May 3 -  8:00 - WITA 2000 Sep 17 0:00 -  9:00 - TLT +  8:00 - +08 1942 Feb 21 23:00 +  9:00 - +09 1976 May 3 +  8:00 - +08 2000 Sep 17 0:00 +  9:00 - +09      # India      # From Ian P. Beacock, in "A brief history of (modern) time", The Atlantic   # http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/12/the-creation-of-modern-time/421419/   # (2015-12-22):   # In January 1906, several thousand cotton-mill workers rioted on the   # outskirts of Bombay.... They were protesting the proposed abolition of   # local time in favor of Indian Standard Time.... Journalists called this   # dispute the "Battle of the Clocks." It lasted nearly half a century.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata    5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time? -  6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time +  6:30 - +0630 1942 May 15    5:30 - IST 1942 Sep -  5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15 +  5:30 1:00 +0630 1945 Oct 15    5:30 - IST   # The following are like Asia/Kolkata:   # Andaman Is   # Lakshadweep (Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Is)   # Nicobar Is      # Indonesia   #   # From Paul Eggert (2014-09-06):   # The 1876 Report of the Secretary of the [US] Navy, p 306 says that Batavia
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:946:   # WIB - +07 - Waktu Indonesia Barat (Indonesia western time)   # WITA - +08 - Waktu Indonesia Tengah (Indonesia central time)   # WIT - +09 - Waktu Indonesia Timur (Indonesia eastern time)   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   # Java, Sumatra   Zone Asia/Jakarta 7:07:12 - LMT 1867 Aug 10   # Shanks & Pottenger say the next transition was at 1924 Jan 1 0:13,   # but this must be a typo.    7:07:12 - BMT 1923 Dec 31 23:47:12 # Batavia -  7:20 - JAVT 1932 Nov # Java Time -  7:30 - WIB 1942 Mar 23 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23 -  7:30 - WIB 1948 May -  8:00 - WIB 1950 May -  7:30 - WIB 1964 +  7:20 - +0720 1932 Nov +  7:30 - +0730 1942 Mar 23 +  9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 23 +  7:30 - +0730 1948 May +  8:00 - +08 1950 May +  7:30 - +0730 1964    7:00 - WIB   # west and central Borneo   Zone Asia/Pontianak 7:17:20 - LMT 1908 May    7:17:20 - PMT 1932 Nov # Pontianak MT -  7:30 - WIB 1942 Jan 29 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23 -  7:30 - WIB 1948 May -  8:00 - WIB 1950 May -  7:30 - WIB 1964 +  7:30 - +0730 1942 Jan 29 +  9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 23 +  7:30 - +0730 1948 May +  8:00 - +08 1950 May +  7:30 - +0730 1964    8:00 - WITA 1988 Jan 1    7:00 - WIB   # Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, east and south Borneo   Zone Asia/Makassar 7:57:36 - LMT 1920    7:57:36 - MMT 1932 Nov # Macassar MT -  8:00 - WITA 1942 Feb 9 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23 +  8:00 - +08 1942 Feb 9 +  9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 23    8:00 - WITA   # Maluku Islands, West Papua, Papua   Zone Asia/Jayapura 9:22:48 - LMT 1932 Nov -  9:00 - WIT 1944 Sep 1 -  9:30 - ACST 1964 +  9:00 - +09 1944 Sep 1 +  9:30 - +0930 1964    9:00 - WIT      # Iran      # From Roozbeh Pournader (2003-03-15):   # This is an English translation of what I just found (originally in Persian).   # The Gregorian dates in brackets are mine:   #   # Official Newspaper No. 13548-1370/6/25 [1991-09-16]   # No. 16760/T233 H 1370/6/10 [1991-09-01]
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1004:   # at the 24[:00] hours of the first day of Farvardin and should return   # to its previous state at the 24[:00] hours of the 30th day of   # Shahrivar.   #   # First Deputy to the President - Hassan Habibi   #   # From personal experience, that agrees with what has been followed   # for at least the last 5 years. Before that, for a few years, the   # date used was the first Thursday night of Farvardin and the last   # Thursday night of Shahrivar, but I can't give exact dates.... - # I have also changed the abbreviations to what is considered correct - # here in Iran, IRST for regular time and IRDT for daylight saving time. +    #   # From Roozbeh Pournader (2005-04-05):   # The text of the Iranian law, in effect since 1925, clearly mentions   # that the true solar year is the measure, and there is no arithmetic   # leap year calculation involved. There has never been any serious   # plan to change that law....   #   # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # Go with Shanks & Pottenger before Sept. 1991, and with Pournader thereafter.   # I used Ed Reingold's cal-persia in GNU Emacs 21.2 to check Persian dates,
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1112:   # These are the best post-2037 approximations available, given the   # restrictions of a single rule using a Gregorian-based data format.   # At some point this table will need to be extended, though quite   # possibly Iran will change the rules first.   Rule Iran 2036 max - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Iran 2036 max - Sep 21 0:00 0 S      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Tehran 3:25:44 - LMT 1916    3:25:44 - TMT 1946 # Tehran Mean Time -  3:30 - IRST 1977 Nov -  4:00 Iran IR%sT 1979 -  3:30 Iran IR%sT +  3:30 - +0330 1977 Nov +  4:00 Iran +04/+05 1979 +  3:30 Iran +0330/+0430         # Iraq   #   # From Jonathan Lennox (2000-06-12):   # An article in this week's Economist ("Inside the Saddam-free zone", p. 50 in   # the U.S. edition) on the Iraqi Kurds contains a paragraph:   # "The three northern provinces ... switched their clocks this spring and   # are an hour ahead of Baghdad."   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1157:   Rule Iraq 1985 1990 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 S   Rule Iraq 1986 1990 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 D   # IATA SSIM (1991/1996) says Apr 1 12:01am UTC; guess the ':01' is a typo.   # Shanks & Pottenger say Iraq did not observe DST 1992/1997; ignore this.   #   Rule Iraq 1991 2007 - Apr 1 3:00s 1:00 D   Rule Iraq 1991 2007 - Oct 1 3:00s 0 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Baghdad 2:57:40 - LMT 1890    2:57:36 - BMT 1918 # Baghdad Mean Time? -  3:00 - AST 1982 May -  3:00 Iraq A%sT +  3:00 - +03 1982 May +  3:00 Iraq +03/+04         ###############################################################################      # Israel      # From Ephraim Silverberg (2001-01-11):   #   # I coined "IST/IDT" circa 1988. Until then there were three   # different abbreviations in use:
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1457:   # about standard time" ... The adoption began from Jan 1, 1896.   # http://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/標準時ニ關スル件_(公布時)   #   # ...the Showa Emperor announced Ordinance No. 529 of Showa Year 12 ... which   # means the whole Japan territory, including later occupations, adopt Japan   # Central Time (UTC+9). The adoption began on Oct 1, 1937.   # http://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/明治二十八年勅令第百六十七號標準時ニ關スル件中改正ノ件      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Tokyo 9:18:59 - LMT 1887 Dec 31 15:00u -  9:00 - JST 1896 Jan 1 -  9:00 - JCST 1937 Oct 1 +     9:00 Japan J%sT   # Since 1938, all Japanese possessions have been like Asia/Tokyo.      # Jordan   #   # From <http://star.arabia.com/990701/JO9.html>   # Jordan Week (1999-07-01) via Steffen Thorsen (1999-09-09):   # Clocks in Jordan were forwarded one hour on Wednesday at midnight,   # in accordance with the government's decision to implement summer time   # all year round.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1734:   # (already implemented) provisions from the 2004-07-20 and 2004-09-15   # acts, comes into effect 10 days after official publication.   # The only practical effect seems to be the abolition of the summer   # time.   #   # Unamended version of the act of the Government of the Russian Federation   # No. 23 from 1992-01-08 [See 'europe' file for details].   # Kazakh 1992-01-13 act appears to provide the same rules and 1992-03-27   # act was to be enacted on the last Sunday of March 1992.    - # From Paul Eggert (2016-11-07): + # From Stepan Golosunov (2016-11-08): + # Turgai reorganization should affect only southern part of Qostanay + # oblast. Which should probably be separated into Asia/Arkalyk zone. + # (There were also 1970, 1988 and 1990 Turgai oblast reorganizations + # according to wikipedia.) + # + # [For Qostanay] http://www.ng.kz/gazeta/195/hranit/ + # suggests that clocks were to be moved 40 minutes backwards on + # 1920-01-01 to the fourth time belt. But I do not understand + # how that could happen.... + # + # [For Atyrau and Oral] 1919 decree + # (http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia-1919-02-08.html + # and in Byalokoz) lists Ural river (plus 10 versts on its left bank) in + # the third time belt (before 1930 this means +03). +  + # From Paul Eggert (2016-12-06):   # The tables below reflect Golosunov's remarks, with exceptions as noted.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   #   # Almaty (formerly Alma-Ata), representing most locations in Kazakhstan   # This includes KZ-AKM, KZ-ALA, KZ-ALM, KZ-AST, KZ-BAY, KZ-VOS, KZ-ZHA,   # KZ-KAR, KZ-SEV, KZ-PAV, and KZ-YUZ.   Zone Asia/Almaty 5:07:48 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Alma-Ata    5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21    6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1764:    5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1    6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Sep 29 2:00s    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1992 Mar 29 2:00s    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 2004 Oct 31 2:00s    6:00 - +06   # The following zone is like Asia/Qyzylorda except for being one   # hour earlier from 1991-09-29 to 1992-03-29. The 1991/2 rules for - # Qostenay are unclear partly because of the 1997 Turgai + # Qostanay are unclear partly because of the 1997 Turgai   # reorganization, so this zone is commented out for now.   #Zone Asia/Qostanay 4:14:20 - LMT 1924 May 2   # 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21   # 5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1   # 5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1   # 6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1   # 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s   # 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s   # 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 2004 Oct 31 2:00s   # 6:00 - +06
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1801:    5:00 - +05 1981 Oct 1    6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1994 Sep 25 2:00s    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 2004 Oct 31 2:00s    5:00 - +05   # Atyraū (KZ-ATY) is like Mangghystaū except it switched from   # +04/+05 to +05/+06 in spring 1999, not fall 1994.   Zone Asia/Atyrau 3:27:44 - LMT 1924 May 2 -  4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21 +  3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21    5:00 - +05 1981 Oct 1    6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1999 Mar 28 2:00s    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 2004 Oct 31 2:00s    5:00 - +05   # West Kazakhstan (KZ-ZAP)   # From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):   # The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).   Zone Asia/Oral 3:25:24 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ural'sk -  4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21 +  3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21    5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1    5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1    6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1989 Mar 26 2:00s    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992 Mar 29 2:00s    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 2004 Oct 31 2:00s    5:00 - +05      # Kyrgyzstan (Kirgizstan)
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1919:   # From Paul Eggert (2015-08-15):   # Bells rang out midnight (00:00) Friday as part of the celebrations. See:   # Talmadge E. North Korea celebrates new time zone, 'Pyongyang Time'   # http://news.yahoo.com/north-korea-celebrates-time-zone-pyongyang-time-164038128.html   # There is no common English-language abbreviation for this time zone.   # Use KST, as that's what we already use for 1954-1961 in ROK.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Seoul 8:27:52 - LMT 1908 Apr 1    8:30 - KST 1912 Jan 1 -  9:00 - JCST 1937 Oct 1 +     9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 8    9:00 - KST 1954 Mar 21    8:30 ROK K%sT 1961 Aug 10    9:00 ROK K%sT   Zone Asia/Pyongyang 8:23:00 - LMT 1908 Apr 1    8:30 - KST 1912 Jan 1 -  9:00 - JCST 1937 Oct 1 +     9:00 - JST 1945 Aug 24    9:00 - KST 2015 Aug 15 00:00    8:30 - KST      ###############################################################################      # Kuwait   # See Asia/Riyadh.      # Laos
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1981:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Sep 14 0:00 0:20 TS # one-Third Summer   Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Dec 14 0:00 0 -   #   # peninsular Malaysia   # taken from Mok Ly Yng (2003-10-30)   # http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/teaching/timezone.html   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Kuala_Lumpur 6:46:46 - LMT 1901 Jan 1    6:55:25 - SMT 1905 Jun 1 # Singapore M.T. -  7:00 - MALT 1933 Jan 1 # Malaya Time -  7:00 0:20 MALST 1936 Jan 1 -  7:20 - MALT 1941 Sep 1 -  7:30 - MALT 1942 Feb 16 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12 -  7:30 - MALT 1982 Jan 1 -  8:00 - MYT # Malaysia Time +  7:00 - +07 1933 Jan 1 +  7:00 0:20 +0720 1936 Jan 1 +  7:20 - +0720 1941 Sep 1 +  7:30 - +0730 1942 Feb 16 +  9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 12 +  7:30 - +0730 1982 Jan 1 +  8:00 - +08   # Sabah & Sarawak   # From Paul Eggert (2014-08-12):   # The data entries here are mostly from Shanks & Pottenger, but the 1942, 1945   # and 1982 transition dates are from Mok Ly Yng.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Kuching 7:21:20 - LMT 1926 Mar -  7:30 - BORT 1933 # Borneo Time -  8:00 NBorneo BOR%sT 1942 Feb 16 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12 -  8:00 - BORT 1982 Jan 1 -  8:00 - MYT +  7:30 - +0730 1933 +  8:00 NBorneo +08/+0820 1942 Feb 16 +  9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 12 +  8:00 - +08      # Maldives   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Male    4:54:00 - MMT 1960 # Male Mean Time -  5:00 - MVT # Maldives Time +  5:00 - +05      # Mongolia      # Shanks & Pottenger say that Mongolia has three time zones, but   # The USNO (1995-12-21) and the CIA map Standard Time Zones of the World   # (2005-03) both say that it has just one.      # From Oscar van Vlijmen (1999-12-11):   # General Information Mongolia   # <http://www.mongoliatourism.gov.mn/general.htm> (1999-09)
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2131:   # but McDow says the 2001 switches occurred at 02:00. Also, IATA SSIM   # (1996-09) says 1996-10-25. Go with Shanks & Pottenger through 1998.   #   # Shanks & Pottenger say that the Sept. 1984 through Sept. 1990 switches   # in Choibalsan (more precisely, in Dornod and Sükhbaatar) took place   # at 02:00 standard time, not at 00:00 local time as in the rest of   # the country. That would be odd, and possibly is a result of their   # correction of 02:00 (in the previous edition) not being done correctly   # in the latest edition; so ignore it for now.    + # From Ganbold Tsagaankhuu (2017-02-09): + # Mongolian Government meeting has concluded today to cancel daylight + # saving time adoption in Mongolia. Source: http://zasag.mn/news/view/16192 +    Rule Mongol 1985 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Mongol 1984 1998 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   # IATA SSIM (1999-09) says Mongolia no longer observes DST.   Rule Mongol 2001 only - Apr lastSat 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Mongol 2001 2006 - Sep lastSat 2:00 0 -   Rule Mongol 2002 2006 - Mar lastSat 2:00 1:00 S - Rule Mongol 2015 max - Mar lastSat 2:00 1:00 S - Rule Mongol 2015 max - Sep lastSat 0:00 0 - + Rule Mongol 2015 2016 - Mar lastSat 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Mongol 2015 2016 - Sep lastSat 0:00 0 -      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   # Hovd, a.k.a. Chovd, Dund-Us, Dzhargalant, Khovd, Jirgalanta   Zone Asia/Hovd 6:06:36 - LMT 1905 Aug -  6:00 - HOVT 1978 # Hovd Time -  7:00 Mongol HOV%sT +  6:00 - +06 1978 +  7:00 Mongol +07/+08   # Ulaanbaatar, a.k.a. Ulan Bataar, Ulan Bator, Urga   Zone Asia/Ulaanbaatar 7:07:32 - LMT 1905 Aug -  7:00 - ULAT 1978 # Ulaanbaatar Time -  8:00 Mongol ULA%sT +  7:00 - +07 1978 +  8:00 Mongol +08/+09   # Choibalsan, a.k.a. Bajan Tümen, Bajan Tumen, Chojbalsan,   # Choybalsan, Sanbejse, Tchoibalsan   Zone Asia/Choibalsan 7:38:00 - LMT 1905 Aug -  7:00 - ULAT 1978 -  8:00 - ULAT 1983 Apr -  9:00 Mongol CHO%sT 2008 Mar 31 # Choibalsan Time -  8:00 Mongol CHO%sT +  7:00 - +07 1978 +  8:00 - +08 1983 Apr +  9:00 Mongol +09/+10 2008 Mar 31 +  8:00 Mongol +08/+09      # Nepal   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Kathmandu 5:41:16 - LMT 1920 -  5:30 - IST 1986 -  5:45 - NPT # Nepal Time +  5:30 - +0530 1986 +  5:45 - +0545      # Oman   # See Asia/Dubai.      # Pakistan      # From Rives McDow (2002-03-13):   # I have been advised that Pakistan has decided to adopt dst on a   # TRIAL basis for one year, starting 00:01 local time on April 7, 2002   # and ending at 00:01 local time October 6, 2002. This is what I was
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2310:      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Apr Sun>=2 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Oct Sun>=2 0:00 0 -   Rule Pakistan 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Pakistan 2008 2009 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Pakistan 2009 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907 -  5:30 - IST 1942 Sep -  5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15 -  5:30 - IST 1951 Sep 30 -  5:00 - KART 1971 Mar 26 # Karachi Time +  5:30 - +0530 1942 Sep +  5:30 1:00 +0630 1945 Oct 15 +  5:30 - +0530 1951 Sep 30 +  5:00 - +05 1971 Mar 26    5:00 Pakistan PK%sT # Pakistan Time      # Palestine      # From Amos Shapir (1998-02-15):   #   # From 1917 until 1948-05-15, all of Palestine, including the parts now   # known as the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, was under British rule.   # Therefore the rules given for Israel for that period, apply there too...   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2678:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Phil 1936 only - Nov 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Phil 1937 only - Feb 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Phil 1954 only - Apr 12 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Phil 1954 only - Jul 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Phil 1978 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Phil 1978 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Manila -15:56:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31    8:04:00 - LMT 1899 May 11 -  8:00 Phil PH%sT 1942 May -  9:00 - JST 1944 Nov -  8:00 Phil PH%sT +  8:00 Phil +08/+09 1942 May +  9:00 - +09 1944 Nov +  8:00 Phil +08/+09      # Qatar   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Qatar 3:26:08 - LMT 1920 # Al Dawhah / Doha -  4:00 - GST 1972 Jun -  3:00 - AST +  4:00 - +04 1972 Jun +  3:00 - +03   Link Asia/Qatar Asia/Bahrain      # Saudi Arabia   #   # From Paul Eggert (2014-07-15):   # Time in Saudi Arabia and other countries in the Arabian peninsula was not   # standardized until relatively recently; we don't know when, and possibly it   # has never been made official. Richard P Hunt, in "Islam city yielding to   # modern times", New York Times (1961-04-09), p 20, wrote that only airlines   # observed standard time, and that people in Jeddah mostly observed quasi-solar
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2713:   # a weekly Dhahran-Cairo service, via the Saudi Arabian cities of Riyadh and   # Jidda, on March 14, 1947". Shanks & Pottenger guessed 1950; go with the   # earlier date.   #   # Shanks & Pottenger also state that until 1968-05-01 Saudi Arabia had two   # time zones; the other zone, at UT +04, was in the far eastern part of   # the country. Ignore this, as it's before our 1970 cutoff.   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Riyadh 3:06:52 - LMT 1947 Mar 14 -  3:00 - AST +  3:00 - +03   Link Asia/Riyadh Asia/Aden # Yemen   Link Asia/Riyadh Asia/Kuwait      # Singapore   # taken from Mok Ly Yng (2003-10-30)   # http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/teaching/timezone.html   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Singapore 6:55:25 - LMT 1901 Jan 1    6:55:25 - SMT 1905 Jun 1 # Singapore M.T. -  7:00 - MALT 1933 Jan 1 # Malaya Time -  7:00 0:20 MALST 1936 Jan 1 -  7:20 - MALT 1941 Sep 1 -  7:30 - MALT 1942 Feb 16 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12 -  7:30 - MALT 1965 Aug 9 # independence -  7:30 - SGT 1982 Jan 1 # Singapore Time -  8:00 - SGT +  7:00 - +07 1933 Jan 1 +  7:00 0:20 +0720 1936 Jan 1 +  7:20 - +0720 1941 Sep 1 +  7:30 - +0730 1942 Feb 16 +  9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 12 +  7:30 - +0730 1982 Jan 1 +  8:00 - +08      # Spratly Is   # no information      # Sri Lanka      # From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):   # Milne says "Madras mean time use from May 1, 1898. Prior to this Colombo   # mean time, 5h. 4m. 21.9s. F., was used." But 5:04:21.9 differs considerably   # from Colombo's meridian 5:19:24, so for now ignore Milne and stick with
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2789:   # March of this year when discussing cricket match times, but nothing   # since then (though there has been a lot of cricket) and nothing in   # other English-language news sources. Our old abbreviation "LKT" is   # even worse. For now, let's use a numeric abbreviation; we can   # switch to "SLST" if it catches on.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Colombo 5:19:24 - LMT 1880    5:19:32 - MMT 1906 # Moratuwa Mean Time    5:30 - +0530 1942 Jan 5 -  5:30 0:30 +0530/+06 1942 Sep -  5:30 1:00 +0530/+0630 1945 Oct 16 2:00 +  5:30 0:30 +06 1942 Sep +  5:30 1:00 +0630 1945 Oct 16 2:00    5:30 - +0530 1996 May 25 0:00    6:30 - +0630 1996 Oct 26 0:30    6:00 - +06 2006 Apr 15 0:30    5:30 - +0530      # Syria   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Syria 1920 1923 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 1920 1923 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 0 -   Rule Syria 1962 only - Apr 29 2:00 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:2972:   Zone Asia/Dushanbe 4:35:12 - LMT 1924 May 2    5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21    6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    5:00 1:00 +05/+06 1991 Sep 9 2:00s    5:00 - +05      # Thailand   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Bangkok 6:42:04 - LMT 1880    6:42:04 - BMT 1920 Apr # Bangkok Mean Time -  7:00 - ICT +  7:00 - +07   Link Asia/Bangkok Asia/Phnom_Penh # Cambodia   Link Asia/Bangkok Asia/Vientiane # Laos      # Turkmenistan   # From Shanks & Pottenger.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Ashgabat 3:53:32 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ashkhabad    4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21    5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00    4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00    5:00 - +05      # United Arab Emirates   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Dubai 3:41:12 - LMT 1920 -  4:00 - GST +  4:00 - +04   Link Asia/Dubai Asia/Muscat # Oman      # Uzbekistan   # Byalokoz 1919 says Uzbekistan was 4:27:53.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Samarkand 4:27:53 - LMT 1924 May 2    4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21    5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1    5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1    6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:3061:   # No. 9, Paris, February 1982.   #   # Lê Thành Lân: "Lịch và niên biểu lịch sử hai mươi thế kỷ (0001-2010)",   # NXB Thống kê, Hanoi, 2000.   #   # Lê Thành Lân: "Lịch hai thế kỷ (1802-2010) và các lịch vĩnh cửu",   # NXB Thuận Hoá, Huế, 1995.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh 7:06:40 - LMT 1906 Jul 1 -  7:06:30 - PLMT 1911 May 1 -  7:00 - ICT 1942 Dec 31 23:00 -  8:00 - IDT 1945 Mar 14 23:00 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2 -  7:00 - ICT 1947 Apr 1 -  8:00 - IDT 1955 Jul 1 -  7:00 - ICT 1959 Dec 31 23:00 -  8:00 - IDT 1975 Jun 13 -  7:00 - ICT +  7:06:30 - PLMT 1911 May 1 # Phù Liễn MT +  7:00 - +07 1942 Dec 31 23:00 +  8:00 - +08 1945 Mar 14 23:00 +  9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 2 +  7:00 - +07 1947 Apr 1 +  8:00 - +08 1955 Jul 1 +  7:00 - +07 1959 Dec 31 23:00 +  8:00 - +08 1975 Jun 13 +  7:00 - +07      # Yemen   # See Asia/Riyadh.