pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / asia

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1: + # @(#)asia 7.55    -  + # This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better, + # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to + # tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future). +  + # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1999-03-22): + # + # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is + # Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition), + # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999). + # + # Gwillim Law <Gwil_Law@bridge-point.com> writes that a good source + # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport + # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM), + # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries + # of the IATA's data after 1990. + # + # Except where otherwise noted, Shanks is the source for entries through 1990, + # and IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990. + # + # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences, + # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which + # I found in the UCLA library. + # + # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is + # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997). + # + # I invented the abbreviations marked `*' in the following table; + # the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources. + # Corrections are welcome! + # std dst + # LMT Local Mean Time + # 2:00 EET EEST Eastern European Time + # 2:00 IST IDT Israel + # 3:00 AST ADT Arabia* + # 4:00 GST Gulf* + # 5:30 IST India + # 7:00 ICT Indochina* + # 8:00 CST China + # 9:00 CJT Central Japanese Time (1896/1937)* + # 9:00 JST Japan + # 9:00 KST Korea + # 9:30 CST (Australian) Central Standard Time + # + # See the `europe' file for Russia and Turkey in Asia. +  + # From Guy Harris: + # Incorporates data for Singapore from Robert Elz' asia 1.1, as well as + # additional information from Tom Yap, Sun Microsystems Intercontinental + # Technical Support (including a page from the Official Airline Guide - + # Worldwide Edition). The names for time zones are guesses. +  + ############################################################################### +  + # These rules are stolen from the `europe' file. + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule EUAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 1:00 S + Rule EUAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0 - + Rule E-EurAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S + Rule E-EurAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 - + Rule E-EurAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 - + Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule RussiaAsia 1984 1991 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 - + Rule RussiaAsia 1985 1991 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S + Rule RussiaAsia 1992 only - Mar lastSat 23:00 1:00 S + Rule RussiaAsia 1992 only - Sep lastSat 23:00 0 - + Rule RussiaAsia 1993 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S + Rule RussiaAsia 1993 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 - + Rule RussiaAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 - +  + # Afghanistan + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Kabul 4:36:48 - LMT 1890 +  4:00 - AFT 1945 +  4:30 - AFT +  + # Armenia + # From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29): + # Shanks has Yerevan switching to 3:00 (with Russian DST) in spring 1991, + # then to 4:00 with no DST in fall 1995, then readopting Russian DST in 1997. + # Go with Shanks, even when he disagrees with others. Edgar Der-Danieliantz + # <edd@AIC.NET> reported (1996-05-04) that Yerevan probably wouldn't use DST + # in 1996, though it did use DST in 1995. IATA SSIM (1991/1998) reports that + # Armenia switched from 3:00 to 4:00 in 1998 and observed DST after 1991, + # but started switching at 3:00s in 1998. + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Yerevan 2:58:00 - LMT 1924 May 2 +  3:00 - YERT 1957 Mar # Yerevan Time +  4:00 RussiaAsia YER%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  3:00 1:00 YERST 1991 Sep 23 # independence +  3:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT 1995 Sep 24 2:00s +  4:00 - AMT 1997 +  4:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT +  + # Azerbaijan + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Azer 1997 max - Mar lastSun 1:00 1:00 S + Rule Azer 1997 max - Oct lastSun 1:00 0 - + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Baku 3:19:24 - LMT 1924 May 2 +  3:00 - BAKT 1957 Mar # Baku Time +  4:00 RussiaAsia BAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  3:00 1:00 BAKST 1991 Aug 30 # independence +  3:00 RussiaAsia AZ%sT 1992 Sep lastSun 2:00s +  4:00 - AZT 1996 # Azerbaijan time +  4:00 EUAsia AZ%sT 1997 +  4:00 Azer AZ%sT +  + # Bahrain + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Bahrain 3:22:20 - LMT 1920 # Al-Manamah +  4:00 - GST 1972 Jun +  3:00 - AST +  + # Bangladesh + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Dacca 6:01:40 - LMT 1890 +  5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time? +  6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time +  5:30 - IST 1942 Sep +  6:30 - BURT 1951 Sep 30 +  6:00 - DACT 1971 Mar 26 # Dacca Time +  6:00 - BDT # Bangladesh Time +  + # Bhutan + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Thimbu 5:58:36 - LMT 1947 Aug 15 +  5:30 - IST 1987 Oct +  6:00 - BTT # Bhutan Time +  + # British Indian Ocean Territory + # From Whitman: + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Indian/Chagos 5:00 - IOT # BIOT Time +  + # Brunei + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Brunei 7:39:40 - LMT 1926 Mar # Bandar Seri Begawan +  7:30 - BNT 1933 +  8:00 - BNT +  + # Burma / Myanmar + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Rangoon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Yangon +  6:24:36 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon Mean Time? +  6:30 - BURT 1942 May # Burma Time +  9:00 - JST 1945 May 3 +  6:30 - MMT # Myanmar Time +  + # Cambodia + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Phnom_Penh 6:59:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9 +  7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT? +  7:00 - ICT 1912 May +  8:00 - ICT 1931 May +  7:00 - ICT +  + # China +  + # From Guy Harris: + # People's Republic of China. Yes, they really have only one time zone. +  + # From Bob Devine (1988-01-28): + # No they don't. See TIME mag, 1986-02-17 p.52. Even though + # China is across 4 physical time zones, before Feb 1, 1986 only the + # Peking (Bejing) time zone was recognized. Since that date, China + # has two of 'em -- Peking's and Urumqi (named after the capital of + # the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region). I don't know about DST for it. + # + # . . .I just deleted the DST table and this editor makes it too + # painful to suck in another copy.. So, here is what I have for + # DST start/end dates for Peking's time zone (info from AP): + # + # 1986 May 4 - Sept 14 + # 1987 mid-April - ?? +  + # From U. S. Naval Observatory (1989-01-19): + # CHINA 8 H AHEAD OF UTC ALL OF CHINA, INCL TAIWAN + # CHINA 9 H AHEAD OF UTC APR 17 - SEP 10 +  + # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1995-12-19): + # Shanks writes that China has had a single time zone since 1980 May 1, + # observing summer DST from 1986 through 1991; this contradicts Devine's + # note about Time magazine, though apparently _something_ happened in 1986. + # Go with Shanks for now. I made up names for the other pre-1980 time zones. +  + # From Shanks: + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Shang 1940 only - Jun 3 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Shang 1940 1941 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S + Rule Shang 1941 only - Mar 16 0:00 1:00 D + Rule PRC 1949 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 S + Rule PRC 1986 only - May 4 0:00 1:00 D + Rule PRC 1986 1991 - Sep Sun>=11 0:00 0 S + Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Harbin 8:26:44 - LMT 1928 +  8:30 - HART 1932 Mar # Harbin Time +  8:00 - CST 1940 +  9:00 - HART 1966 May +  8:30 - HART 1980 May +  8:00 PRC C%sT + Zone Asia/Shanghai 8:05:52 - LMT 1928 +  8:00 Shang C%sT 1949 +  8:00 PRC C%sT + Zone Asia/Chungking 7:06:20 - LMT 1928 +  7:00 - CHUT 1980 May # Chungking Time +  8:00 PRC C%sT + Zone Asia/Urumqi 5:50:20 - LMT 1928 +  6:00 - URUT 1980 May # Urumqi Time +  8:00 PRC C%sT + Zone Asia/Kashgar 5:03:56 - LMT 1928 +  5:30 - KAST 1940 # Kashgar Time +  5:00 - KAST 1980 May +  8:00 PRC C%sT + # Hong Kong + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule HK 1946 only - Apr 20 3:30 1:00 S + Rule HK 1946 only - Dec 1 3:30 0 - + Rule HK 1947 only - Apr 13 3:30 1:00 S + Rule HK 1947 only - Dec 30 3:30 0 - + Rule HK 1948 only - May 2 3:30 1:00 S + Rule HK 1948 1952 - Oct lastSun 3:30 0 - + Rule HK 1949 1953 - Apr Sun>=1 3:30 1:00 S + Rule HK 1953 only - Nov 1 3:30 0 - + Rule HK 1954 1964 - Mar Sun>=18 3:30 1:00 S + Rule HK 1954 only - Oct 31 3:30 0 - + Rule HK 1955 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 - + Rule HK 1965 1977 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S + Rule HK 1965 1977 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 - + Rule HK 1979 1980 - May Sun>=8 3:30 1:00 S + Rule HK 1979 1980 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 - + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Hong_Kong 7:36:36 - LMT 1904 Oct 30 +  8:00 HK HK%sT +  +  + ############################################################################### +  + # Taiwan +  + # Shanks writes that Taiwan observed DST during 1945, when it + # was still controlled by Japan. This is hard to believe, but we don't + # have any other information. +  + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Taiwan 1945 1951 - May 1 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Taiwan 1945 1951 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S + Rule Taiwan 1952 only - Mar 1 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Taiwan 1952 1954 - Nov 1 0:00 0 S + Rule Taiwan 1953 1959 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Taiwan 1955 1961 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S + Rule Taiwan 1960 1961 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Taiwan 1974 1975 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Taiwan 1974 1975 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S + Rule Taiwan 1980 only - Jun 30 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Taiwan 1980 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 S + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Taipei 8:06:00 - LMT 1896 +  8:00 Taiwan C%sT +  + # Macao + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Macao 1961 1962 - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S + Rule Macao 1961 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 - + Rule Macao 1963 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Macao 1964 only - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S + Rule Macao 1965 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Macao 1965 only - Oct 31 0:00 0 - + Rule Macao 1966 1971 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S + Rule Macao 1966 1971 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 - + Rule Macao 1972 1974 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Macao 1972 1973 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Macao 1974 1977 - Oct Sun>=15 3:30 0 - + Rule Macao 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=15 3:30 1:00 S + Rule Macao 1978 1980 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Macao 1978 1980 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 - + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Macao 7:34:20 - LMT 1912 +  8:00 Macao MO%sT 1999 Dec 20 # return to China +  8:00 PRC C%sT +  +  + ############################################################################### +  + # Cyprus + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Apr 13 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Oct 12 0:00 0 - + Rule Cyprus 1976 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Cyprus 1976 only - Oct 11 0:00 0 - + Rule Cyprus 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Cyprus 1977 only - Sep 25 0:00 0 - + Rule Cyprus 1978 only - Oct 2 0:00 0 - + Rule Cyprus 1979 1997 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 - + Rule Cyprus 1981 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Nicosia 2:13:28 - LMT 1921 Nov 14 +  2:00 Cyprus EE%sT 1998 Sep +  2:00 EUAsia EE%sT + # IATA SSIM (1998-09) has Cyprus using EU rules for the first time. +  + # Georgia + # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1994-11-19): + # Today's _Economist_ (p 60) reports that Georgia moved its clocks forward + # an hour recently, due to a law proposed by Zurab Murvanidze, + # an MP who went on a hunger strike for 11 days to force discussion about it! + # We have no details, but we'll guess they didn't move the clocks back in fall. + # + # From Mathew Englander <mathew@io.org>, quoting AP (1996-10-23 13:05-04): + # Instead of putting back clocks at the end of October, Georgia + # will stay on daylight savings time this winter to save energy, + # President Eduard Shevardnadze decreed Wednesday. + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Tbilisi 2:59:16 - LMT 1880 +  2:59:16 - TBMT 1924 May 2 # Tbilisi Mean Time +  3:00 - TBIT 1957 Mar # Tbilisi Time +  4:00 RussiaAsia TBI%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  3:00 1:00 TBIST 1991 Apr 9 # independence +  3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT 1992 # Georgia Time +  3:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1994 Sep lastSun +  4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1996 Oct lastSun +  4:00 1:00 GEST 1997 Mar lastSun +  4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT +  + # East Timor + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912 +  8:00 - TPT 1942 Feb 21 23:00 +  9:00 - JST 1945 Aug +  9:00 - TPT 1976 May 3 +  8:00 - TPT # East Timor Time +  + # India + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Calcutta 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 +  5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time? +  6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time +  5:30 - IST 1942 Sep +  5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15 +  5:30 - IST + # The following are like Asia/Calcutta: + # Andaman Is + # Lakshadweep (Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Is) + # Nicobar Is +  + # Indonesia + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Jakarta 7:07:12 - LMT 1867 Aug 10 + # Shanks says the next transition was at 1924 Jan 1 0:13, + # but this must be a typo. +  7:07:12 - JMT 1923 Dec 31 23:47:12 # Jakarta +  7:20 - JAVT 1932 Nov # Java Time +  7:30 - JAVT 1942 Mar 23 +  9:00 - JST 1945 Aug +  7:30 - JAVT 1948 May +  8:00 - JAVT 1950 May +  7:30 - JAVT 1964 +  7:00 - JAVT + Zone Asia/Ujung_Pandang 7:57:36 - LMT 1920 +  7:57:36 - MMT 1932 Nov # Macassar MT +  8:00 - BORT 1942 Feb 9 # Borneo Time +  9:00 - JST 1945 Aug +  8:00 - BORT + Zone Asia/Jayapura 9:22:48 - LMT 1932 Nov +  9:00 - JAYT 1944 # Jayapura Time +  9:30 - CST 1964 +  9:00 - JAYT +  + # Iran + # From Paul Eggert (1999-09-27), following up a suggestion by Rich Wales: + # Ahmea Alavi in + # <a href="http://tehran.stanford.edu/Iran_Lib/Calendar/taghveem.txt"> + # TAGHVEEM (1993-07-12) + # </a> + # writes ``Daylight saving time in Iran starts from the first day + # of Farvardin and ends the first day of Mehr.'' This disagrees with the SSIM: + # + # DST start DST end + # year SSIM Alavi SSIM Alavi + # 1991 05-03!= 03-21 09-20!= 09-23 + # 1992 03-22!= 03-21 09-23 09-23 + # 1993 03-21 03-21 09-23 09-23 + # 1994 03-21 03-21 09-22!= 09-23 + # 1995 03-21 03-21 09-22!= 09-23 + # 1996 03-21!= 03-20 09-21!= 09-22 + # 1997 03-21 03-21 09-21!= 09-23 + # 1998 03-21 03-21 09-21!= 09-23 + # 1999 03-22!= 03-21 09-22!= 09-23 + # 2000 03-21!= 03-20 09-21!= 09-22 + # 2001 03-17!= 03-21 09-19!= 09-23 + # + # Go with Alavi starting with 1992. + # I used Ed Reingold's cal-persia in GNU Emacs 19.34 to compute Persian dates. + # The Persian calendar is based on the sun, and dates after around 2050 + # are approximate; stop after 2037 when 32-bit time_t's overflow. + # + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Iran 1978 1980 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 1978 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 1979 only - Sep 19 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 1980 only - Sep 23 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 1991 only - May 3 0:00s 1:00 S + Rule Iran 1991 only - Sep 20 0:00s 0 - + Rule Iran 1992 1995 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 1992 1995 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 1996 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 1996 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2000 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2000 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2004 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2004 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2005 2007 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2005 2007 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2008 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2008 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2012 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2012 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2016 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2016 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2020 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2020 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2024 2025 - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2024 2025 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2026 2027 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2026 2027 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Tehran 3:25:44 - LMT 1916 +  3:25:44 - TMT 1946 # Tehran Mean Time +  3:30 - IRT 1977 Nov +  4:00 Iran IR%sT 1979 +  3:30 Iran IR%sT +  + # Iraq + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Iraq 1982 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iraq 1982 1984 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S + Rule Iraq 1983 only - Mar 31 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iraq 1984 1985 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iraq 1985 1990 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 S + Rule Iraq 1986 1990 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 D + # IATA SSIM (1991/1996) says Apr 1 12:01am UTC; guess the `:01' is a typo. + # Shanks says Iraq did not observe DST 1992/1997 or 1999 on; ignore this. + Rule Iraq 1991 max - Apr 1 3:00s 1:00 D + Rule Iraq 1991 max - Oct 1 3:00s 0 D + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Baghdad 2:57:40 - LMT 1890 +  2:57:36 - BMT 1918 # Baghdad Mean Time? +  3:00 - AST 1982 May +  3:00 Iraq A%sT +  +  + ############################################################################### +  + # Israel +  + # From U. S. Naval Observatory (1989-01-19): + # ISRAEL 2 H AHEAD OF UTC + # ISRAEL 3 H AHEAD OF UTC APR 10 - SEP 3 +  + # From Shanks: + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Zion 1940 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1942 1944 - Nov 1 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1943 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1944 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1945 only - Nov 1 2:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1946 only - Apr 16 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1946 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1948 only - May 23 0:00 2:00 DD + Rule Zion 1948 only - Sep 1 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1948 1949 - Nov 1 2:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1949 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1950 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1950 only - Sep 15 3:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1951 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1951 only - Nov 11 3:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1952 only - Apr 20 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1952 only - Oct 19 3:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1953 only - Apr 12 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1953 only - Sep 13 3:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1954 only - Jun 13 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1954 only - Sep 12 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1955 only - Jun 11 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1955 only - Sep 11 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1956 only - Jun 3 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1956 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1957 only - Apr 29 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1957 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1974 only - Jul 7 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1974 only - Oct 13 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1975 only - Apr 20 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1975 only - Aug 31 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1985 only - Apr 14 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1985 only - Sep 15 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1986 only - May 18 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1986 only - Sep 7 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1987 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1987 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1988 only - Apr 9 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1988 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S +  + # From Ephraim Silverberg <ephraim@cs.huji.ac.il> + # (1997-03-04, 1998-03-16, 1998-12-28, and 2000-01-17): +  + # According to the Office of the Secretary General of the Ministry of + # Interior, there is NO set rule for Daylight-Savings/Standard time changes. + # One thing is entrenched in law, however: that there must be at least 150 + # days of daylight savings time annually. From 1993-1998, the change to + # daylight savings time was on a Friday morning from midnight IST to + # 1 a.m IDT; up until 1998, the change back to standard time was on a + # Saturday night from midnight daylight savings time to 11 p.m. standard + # time. 1996 is an exception to this rule where the change back to standard + # time took place on Sunday night instead of Saturday night to avoid + # conflicts with the Jewish New Year. Starting in 1999, the change to + # daylight savings time will still be on a Friday morning but from + # 2 a.m. IST to 3 a.m. IDT; furthermore, the change back to standard time + # will now also be on a Friday morning from 2 a.m. IDT to 1 a.m. IST for + # 1999 only. In the years from 2000 to 2002, the change back will be from + # 2 a.m. IDT to 1 a.m. IST the morning after the Jewish festival of + # Shmini Atzeret (i.e. the morning of the 23rd of Tishrei in the lunar + # Hebrew calendar). +  + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Zion 1989 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1989 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1990 only - Mar 25 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1990 only - Aug 26 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1991 only - Mar 24 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1991 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1992 only - Mar 29 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1992 only - Sep 6 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1993 only - Apr 2 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1993 only - Sep 5 0:00 0 S +  + # The dates for 1994-1995 were obtained from Office of the Spokeswoman for the + # Ministry of Interior, Jerusalem, Israel. The spokeswoman can be reached by + # calling the office directly at 972-2-6701447 or 972-2-6701448. +  + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Zion 1994 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1994 only - Aug 28 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1995 only - Mar 31 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1995 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S +  + # The dates for 1996 were determined by the Minister of Interior of the + # time, Haim Ramon. The official announcement regarding 1996-1998 + # (with the dates for 1997-1998 no longer being relevant) can be viewed at: + # + # ftp://ftp.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/1996-1998.ramon.ps.gz + # + # The dates for 1997-1998 were altered by his successor, Rabbi Eli Suissa. + # + # The official announcements for the years 1997-1999 can be viewed at: + # + # ftp://ftp.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/YYYY.ps.gz + # + # where YYYY is the relevant year. +  + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Zion 1996 only - Mar 15 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1996 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1997 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1997 only - Sep 14 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1998 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1998 only - Sep 6 0:00 0 S + Rule Zion 1999 only - Apr 2 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1999 only - Sep 3 2:00 0 S +  + # Minister of Interior, Natan Sharansky, has announced the dates for + # the years 2000-2002. However, sources inside the ministry have noted + # that the end date of 2000 and both dates of 2001-2002 should be regarded + # as tentative pending final approval. + # + # The official announcement for the years 2000-2002 can be viewed at: + # + # ftp://ftp.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/2000-2002.ps.gz +  + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Zion 2000 only - Apr 14 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 2000 only - Oct 22 2:00 0 S + Rule Zion 2001 only - Apr 6 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 2001 only - Oct 10 2:00 0 S + Rule Zion 2002 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 2002 only - Sep 29 2:00 0 S +  + # From Paul Eggert (2000-01-17): + # Here are guesses for rules after 2002. + # They are probably wrong, but they are more likely than no DST at all. + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Zion 2003 max - Mar Fri>=25 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 2003 max - Oct 1 2:00 0 S +  + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Jerusalem 2:20:56 - LMT 1880 +  2:20:40 - JMT 1918 # Jerusalem Mean Time? +  2:00 Zion I%sT +  +  + ############################################################################### +  + # Japan +  + # `9:00' and `JST' is from Guy Harris. +  + # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1995-03-06): + # Today's _Asahi Evening News_ (page 4) reports that Japan had + # daylight saving between 1948 and 1951, but ``the system was discontinued + # because the public believed it would lead to longer working hours.'' + # Shanks writes that daylight saving in Japan during those years was as follows: + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + #Rule Japan 1948 only - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D + #Rule Japan 1948 1951 - Sep Sat>=8 2:00 0 S + #Rule Japan 1949 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D + #Rule Japan 1950 1951 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D + # but the only locations using it were US military bases. + # We go with Shanks and omit daylight saving in those years for Asia/Tokyo. +  + # From Hideyuki Suzuki (1998-11-09): + # 'Tokyo' usually stands for the former location of Tokyo Astronomical + # Observatory: E 139 44' 40".90 (9h 18m 58s.727), N 35 39' 16".0. + # This data is from 'Rika Nenpyou (Chronological Scientific Tables) 1996' + # edited by National Astronomical Observatory of Japan.... + # JST (Japan Standard Time) has been used since 1888-01-01 00:00 (JST). + # The law is enacted on 1886-07-07. +  + # From Hideyuki Suzuki (1998-11-16): + # The ordinance No. 51 (1886) established "standard time" in Japan, + # which stands for the time on E 135 degree. + # In the ordinance No. 167 (1895), "standard time" was renamed to "central + # standard time". And the same ordinance also established "western standard + # time", which stands for the time on E 120 degree.... But "western standard + # time" was abolished in the ordinance No. 529 (1937). In the ordinance No. + # 167, there is no mention regarding for what place western standard time is + # standard.... + # + # I wrote "ordinance" above, but I don't know how to translate. + # In Japanese it's "chokurei", which means ordinance from emperor. +  + # Shanks claims JST in use since 1896, and that a few places (e.g. Ishigaki) + # use +0800; go with Suzuki. Guess that all ordinances took effect on Jan 1. +  + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Tokyo 9:18:59 - LMT 1887 Dec 31 15:00u +  9:00 - JST 1896 +  9:00 - CJT 1938 +  9:00 - JST + # Since 1938, all Japanese possessions have been like Asia/Tokyo. +  + # Jordan + # + # From <a href="http://star.arabia.com/990701/JO9.html"> + # Jordan Week (1999-07-01) </a> via Steffen Thorsen (1999-09-09): + # Clocks in Jordan were forwarded one hour on Wednesday at midnight, + # in accordance with the government's decision to implement summer time + # all year round. + # + # From <a href="http://star.arabia.com/990930/JO9.html"> + # Jordan Week (1999-09-30) </a> via Steffen Thorsen (1999-11-09): + # Winter time starts today Thursday, 30 September. Clocks will be turned back + # by one hour. This is the latest government decision and it's final! + # The decision was taken because of the increase in working hours in + # government's departments from six to seven hours. + # + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Jordan 1973 only - Jun 6 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1973 1975 - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1974 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1976 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1977 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1978 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1978 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1985 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1985 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1986 1988 - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1986 1990 - Oct Fri>=1 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1989 only - May 8 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1990 only - Apr 27 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1991 only - Apr 17 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1991 only - Sep 27 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1992 only - Apr 10 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1992 1993 - Oct Fri>=1 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1993 1998 - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1994 only - Sep Fri>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1995 1998 - Sep Fri>=15 0:00s 0 - + Rule Jordan 1999 only - Jul 1 0:00s 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1999 max - Sep lastThu 0:00s 0 - + Rule Jordan 2000 max - Mar lastThu 0:00s 1:00 S + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Amman 2:23:44 - LMT 1931 +  2:00 Jordan EE%sT +  + # Kazakhstan + # From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22): + # Andrew Evtichov <evti@chevron.com> (1996-04-13) writes that Kazakhstan + # stayed in sync with Moscow after 1990, and that Aqtobe (formerly Aktyubinsk) + # and Aqtau (formerly Shevchenko) are the largest cities in their zones. + # Guess that Aqtau and Aqtobe diverged in 1995, since that's the first time + # IATA SSIM mentions a third time zone in Kazakhstan. + # + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Almaty 5:07:48 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Alma-Ata +  5:00 - ALMT 1957 Mar # Alma-Ata Time +  6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  5:00 1:00 ALMST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s +  5:00 - ALMT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  6:00 E-EurAsia ALM%sT + Zone Asia/Aqtobe 3:48:40 - LMT 1924 May 2 +  4:00 - AKT 1957 Mar # Aktyubinsk Time +  5:00 RussiaAsia AK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  4:00 1:00 AKTST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s +  4:00 - AQTT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s # Aqtobe Time +  5:00 E-EurAsia AQT%sT + Zone Asia/Aqtau 3:21:04 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Aktau +  4:00 - SHET 1957 Mar # Fort Shevchenko Time +  5:00 RussiaAsia SHE%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  4:00 1:00 AQTST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s +  4:00 - AQTT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s # Aqtau Time +  5:00 E-EurAsia AQT%sT 1995 Sep lastSun +  4:00 E-EurAsia AQT%sT +  + # Kirgizstan + # Transitions through 1991 are from Shanks. + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Kirgiz 1992 1996 - Apr Sun>=7 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Kirgiz 1992 1996 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 - + Rule Kirgiz 1997 max - Mar lastSun 2:30 1:00 S + Rule Kirgiz 1997 max - Oct lastSun 2:30 0 - + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Bishkek 4:58:24 - LMT 1924 May 2 +  5:00 - FRUT 1930 Jun 21 # Frunze Time +  6:00 RussiaAsia FRU%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  5:00 1:00 FRUST 1991 Aug 31 2:00 # independence +  5:00 Kirgiz KG%sT # Kirgizstan Time +  + ############################################################################### +  + # Korea (North and South) +  + # From Guy Harris: + # According to someone at the Korean Times in San Francisco, + # Daylight Savings Time was not observed until 1987. He did not know + # at what time of day DST starts or ends. +  + # From Shanks: + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule ROK 1960 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 D + Rule ROK 1960 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S + Rule ROK 1987 1988 - May Sun<=14 0:00 1:00 D + Rule ROK 1987 1988 - Oct Sun<=14 0:00 0 S +  + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Seoul 8:27:52 - LMT 1890 +  8:30 - KST 1904 Dec +  9:00 - KST 1928 +  8:30 - KST 1932 +  9:00 - KST 1954 Mar 21 +  8:00 ROK K%sT 1961 Aug 10 +  8:30 - KST 1968 Oct +  9:00 ROK K%sT + Zone Asia/Pyongyang 8:23:00 - LMT 1890 +  8:30 - KST 1904 Dec +  9:00 - KST 1928 +  8:30 - KST 1932 +  9:00 - KST 1954 Mar 21 +  8:00 - KST 1961 Aug 10 +  9:00 - KST +  + ############################################################################### +  + # Kuwait + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Kuwait 3:11:56 - LMT 1950 +  3:00 - AST +  + # Laos + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Vientiane 6:50:24 - LMT 1906 Jun 9 +  7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT? +  7:00 - ICT 1912 May +  8:00 - ICT 1931 May +  7:00 - ICT +  + # Lebanon + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Lebanon 1920 only - Mar 28 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Lebanon 1920 only - Oct 25 0:00 0 - + Rule Lebanon 1921 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Lebanon 1921 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 - + Rule Lebanon 1922 only - Mar 26 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Lebanon 1922 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 - + Rule Lebanon 1923 only - Apr 22 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Lebanon 1923 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 - + Rule Lebanon 1957 1961 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Lebanon 1957 1961 - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Lebanon 1972 only - Jun 22 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Lebanon 1972 1977 - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Lebanon 1973 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Lebanon 1978 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Lebanon 1978 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 - + Rule Lebanon 1984 1987 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Lebanon 1984 1991 - Oct 16 0:00 0 - + Rule Lebanon 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Lebanon 1989 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Lebanon 1990 1992 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Lebanon 1992 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 - + Rule Lebanon 1993 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Lebanon 1993 1998 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 - + Rule Lebanon 1999 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 - + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Beirut 2:22:00 - LMT 1880 +  2:00 Lebanon EE%sT +  + # Malaysia + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Sep 14 0:00 0:20 TS + Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Dec 14 0:00 0 - + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Kuala_Lumpur 6:46:48 - LMT 1880 +  6:55:24 - SMT 1905 Jun # Singapore Mean Time +  7:00 - MALT 1933 # Malaya Time +  7:20 - MALT 1942 Feb 15 +  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2 +  7:20 - MALT 1950 +  7:30 - MALT 1982 May +  8:00 - MYT # Malaysia Time + Zone Asia/Kuching 7:21:20 - LMT 1926 Mar +  7:30 - BORT 1933 # Borneo Time +  8:00 NBorneo BOR%sT 1942 +  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2 +  8:00 - BORT 1982 May +  8:00 - MYT +  + # Maldives + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Male +  4:54:00 - MMT 1960 # Male Mean Time +  5:00 - MVT # Maldives Time +  + # Mongolia +  + # Shanks says that Mongolia has three time zones, but usno1995 and the CIA map + # Standard Time Zones of the World (1997-01) + # both say that it has just one. +  + # From Oscar van Vlijmen (1999-12-11): + # <a href="http://www.mongoliatourism.gov.mn/general.htm"> + # General Information Mongolia + # </a> (1999-09) + # "Time: Mongolia has two time zones. Three westernmost provinces of + # Bayan-Ulgii, Uvs, and Hovd are one hour earlier than the capital city, and + # the rest of the country follows the Ulaanbaatar time, which is UTC/GMT plus + # eight hours." +  + # From Rives McDow (1999-12-13): + # Mongolia discontinued the use of daylight savings time in 1999; 1998 + # being the last year it was implemented. The dates of implementation I am + # unsure of, but most probably it was similar to Russia, except for the time + # of implementation may have been different.... + # Some maps in the past have indicated that there was an additional time + # zone in the eastern part of Mongolia, including the provinces of Dornod, + # Suhbaatar, and possibly Khentij. +  + # From Paul Eggert (1999-12-15): + # For now, we'll comment out the east zone (Choybalsan) + # and use Shanks's and the IATA's data for the daylight-saving rules. + # Naming and spelling is tricky in Mongolia. + # We'll use Hovd (also spelled Chovd and Khovd) to represent the west zone; + # the capital of the Hovd province is sometimes called Hovd, sometimes Dund-Us, + # and sometimes Jirgalanta (with variant spellings), but the name Hovd + # is good enough for our purposes. +  + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Mongol 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Mongol 1981 1984 - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Mongol 1985 1990 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Mongol 1985 1990 - Sep lastSun 3:00 0 - + Rule Mongol 1991 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Mongol 1991 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 - + # IATA SSIM (1996-09) says 1996-10-25; go with Shanks. + Rule Mongol 1996 only - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 - + Rule Mongol 1997 1998 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 - + # IATA SSIM (1999-09) says Mongolia no longer observes DST. +  + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Hovd 6:06:36 - LMT 1905 Aug +  6:00 - HOVT 1978 # Hovd Time +  7:00 Mongol HOV%sT + Zone Asia/Ulaanbaatar 7:07:32 - LMT 1905 Aug +  7:00 - ULAT 1978 # Ulaanbaatar Time +  8:00 Mongol ULA%sT + # We're not sure about this entry yet, so we'll omit it for now. + #Zone Asia/Choybalsan 7:38:00 - LMT 1905 Aug + # 8:00 - CHOT 1978 # Choybalsan Time + # 9:00 Mongol CHO%sT 19?? + # 8:00 Mongol ULA%sT +  + # Nepal + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Katmandu 5:41:16 - LMT 1920 +  5:30 - IST 1986 +  5:45 - NPT # Nepal Time +  + # Oman + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Muscat 3:54:20 - LMT 1920 +  4:00 - GST +  + # Pakistan + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907 +  5:30 - IST 1942 Sep +  5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15 +  5:30 - IST 1951 Sep 30 +  5:00 - KART 1971 Mar 26 # Karachi Time +  5:00 - PKT # Pakistan Time +  + # Palestine +  + # From Amos Shapir <amos@nsof.co.il> (1998-02-15): + # + # From 1917 until 1948-05-15, all of Palestine, including the parts now + # known as the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, was under British rule. + # Therefore the rules given for Israel for that period, apply there too... + # + # The Gaza Strip was under Egyptian rule between 1948-05-15 until 1967-06-05 + # (except a short occupation by Israel from 1956-11 till 1957-03, but no + # time zone was affected then). It was never formally annexed to Egypt, + # though. + # + # The rest of Palestine was under Jordanian rule at that time, formally + # annexed in 1950 as the West Bank (and the word "Trans" was dropped from + # the country's previous name of "the Hashemite Kingdom of the + # Trans-Jordan"). So the rules for Jordan for that time apply. Major + # towns in that area are Nablus (Shchem), El-Halil (Hebron), Ramallah, and + # East Jerusalem. + # + # Both areas were occupied by Israel in June 1967, but not annexed (except + # for East Jerusalem). They were on Israel time since then; there might + # have been a Military Governor's order about time zones, but I'm not aware + # of any (such orders may have been issued semi-annually whenever summer + # time was in effect, but maybe the legal aspect of time was just neglected). + # + # The Palestinian Authority was established in 1993, and got hold of most + # towns in the West Bank and Gaza by 1995. I know that in order to + # demonstrate...independence, they have been switching to + # summer time and back on a different schedule than Israel's, but I don't + # know when this was started, or what algorithm is used (most likely the + # Jordanian one). + # + # To summarize, the table should probably look something like that: + # + # Area \ when | 1918-1947 | 1948-1967 | 1967-1995 | 1996- + # ------------+-----------+-----------+-----------+----------- + # Israel | Zion | Zion | Zion | Zion + # West bank | Zion | Jordan | Zion | Jordan + # Gaza | Zion | Egypt | Zion | Jordan + # + # I guess more info may be available from the PA's web page (if/when they + # have one). +  + # From Paul Eggert (1998-02-25): + # Shanks writes that Gaza did not observe DST until 1957, but we'll go + # with Shapir and assume that it observed DST from 1940 through 1947, + # and that it used Jordanian rules starting in 1996. + # We don't yet need a separate entry for the West Bank, since + # the only differences between it and Gaza that we know about + # occurred before our cutoff date of 1970. + # However, as we get more information, we may need to add entries + # for parts of the West Bank as they transitioned from Israel's rules + # to Palestine's rules. If you have more info about this, please + # send it to tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for incorporation into future editions. +  + # From IINS News Service - Israel - 1998-03-23 10:38:07 Israel time, + # forwarded by Ephraim Silverberg: + # + # Despite the fact that Israel changed over to daylight savings time + # last week, the PLO Authority (PA) has decided not to turn its clocks + # one-hour forward at this time. As a sign of independence from Israeli rule, + # the PA has decided to implement DST in April. +  + # From Paul Eggert (1999-09-20): + # Daoud Kuttab writes in + # <a href="http://www.jpost.com/com/Archive/22.Apr.1999/Opinion/Article-2.html"> + # Holiday havoc + # </a> (Jerusalem Post, 1999-04-22) that + # the Palestinian National Authority changed to DST on 1999-04-15. + # I vaguely recall that they switch back in October (sorry, forgot the source). + # For now, let's assume that the spring switch was at 24:00, + # and that they switch at 0:00 on the 3rd Fridays of April and October. +  + # The rules for Egypt are stolen from the `africa' file. + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule EgyptAsia 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S + Rule EgyptAsia 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule EgyptAsia 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1967 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S + Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 - + Rule EgyptAsia 1966 only - Oct 1 3:00 0 - +  + Rule Palestine 1999 max - Apr Fri>=15 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Palestine 1999 max - Oct Fri>=15 0:00 0 - +  + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Gaza 2:17:52 - LMT 1900 Oct +  2:00 Zion EET 1948 May 15 +  2:00 EgyptAsia EE%sT 1967 Jun 5 +  2:00 Zion I%sT 1996 +  2:00 Jordan EE%sT 1999 +  2:00 Palestine EE%sT +  + # Paracel Is + # no information +  + # Philippines + # Howse writes (p 153) that until 1844 the Philippines kept American date. + # The rest of this data is from Shanks. + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Phil 1936 only - Nov 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Phil 1937 only - Feb 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Phil 1954 only - Apr 12 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Phil 1954 only - Jul 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Phil 1978 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Phil 1978 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 - + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Manila -15:56:00 - LMT 1844 +  8:04:00 - LMT 1899 May 11 +  8:00 Phil PH%sT 1942 May +  9:00 - JST 1944 Nov +  8:00 Phil PH%sT +  + # Qatar + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Qatar 3:26:08 - LMT 1920 # Al Dawhah +  4:00 - GST 1972 Jun +  3:00 - AST +  + # Saudi Arabia + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Riyadh 3:06:52 - LMT 1950 +  3:00 - AST +  + # Singapore + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Singapore 6:55:24 - LMT 1880 +  6:55:24 - SMT 1905 Jun # Singapore Mean Time +  7:00 - MALT 1933 # Malaya Time +  7:20 - MALT 1942 Feb 15 +  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2 +  7:20 - MALT 1950 +  7:30 - MALT 1965 Aug 9 # independence +  7:30 - SGT 1982 May # Singapore Time +  8:00 - SGT +  + # Spratly Is + # no information +  + # Sri Lanka + # From Paul Eggert (1996-09-03): + # "Sri Lanka advances clock by an hour to avoid blackout" + # (www.virtual-pc.com/lankaweb/news/items/240596-2.html, 1996-05-24, + # no longer available as of 1999-08-17) + # reported ``the country's standard time will be put forward by one hour at + # midnight Friday (1830 GMT) `in the light of the present power crisis'.'' + # + # From Dharmasiri Senanayake, Sri Lanka Media Minister (1996-10-24), as quoted + # by Shamindra in + # <a href="news:54rka5$m5h@mtinsc01-mgt.ops.worldnet.att.net"> + # Daily News - Hot News Section (1996-10-26) + # </a>: + # With effect from 12.30 a.m. on 26th October 1996 + # Sri Lanka will be six (06) hours ahead of GMT. +  + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Colombo 5:19:24 - LMT 1880 +  5:19:32 - MMT 1906 # Moratuwa Mean Time +  5:30 - IST 1942 Jan 5 +  5:30 0:30 IHST 1942 Sep +  5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 16 2:00 +  5:30 - IST 1996 May 25 0:00 +  6:30 - LKT 1996 Oct 26 0:30 +  6:00 - LKT +  + # Syria + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Syria 1920 1923 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1920 1923 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 0 - + Rule Syria 1962 only - Apr 29 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1962 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 - + Rule Syria 1963 1965 - May 1 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1963 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 - + Rule Syria 1964 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 - + Rule Syria 1965 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 - + Rule Syria 1966 only - Apr 24 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1966 1976 - Oct 1 2:00 0 - + Rule Syria 1967 1978 - May 1 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1977 1978 - Sep 1 2:00 0 - + Rule Syria 1983 1984 - Apr 9 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1983 1984 - Oct 1 2:00 0 - + Rule Syria 1986 only - Feb 16 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1986 only - Oct 9 2:00 0 - + Rule Syria 1987 only - Mar 1 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1987 1988 - Oct 31 2:00 0 - + Rule Syria 1988 only - Mar 15 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1989 only - Mar 31 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1989 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 - + Rule Syria 1990 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1990 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 - + Rule Syria 1991 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1991 1992 - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Syria 1992 only - Apr 8 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1993 only - Mar 26 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1993 only - Sep 25 0:00 0 - + # IATA SSIM (1998-02) says 1998-04-02; + # (1998-09) says 1999-03-29 and 1999-09-29; (1999-02) says 1999-04-02, + # 2000-04-02, and 2001-04-02; (1999-09) says 2000-03-31 and 2001-03-31; + # ignore all these claims and go with Shanks. + Rule Syria 1994 1996 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1994 max - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Syria 1997 1998 - Mar lastMon 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1999 max - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Damascus 2:25:12 - LMT 1920 +  2:00 Syria EE%sT +  + # Tajikistan + # From Shanks. + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Dushanbe 4:35:12 - LMT 1924 May 2 +  5:00 - DUST 1930 Jun 21 # Dushanbe Time +  6:00 RussiaAsia DUS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  5:00 1:00 DUSST 1991 Sep 9 2:00s +  5:00 - TJT # Tajikistan Time +  + # Thailand + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Bangkok 6:42:04 - LMT 1880 +  6:42:04 - BMT 1920 Apr # Bangkok Mean Time +  7:00 - ICT +  + # Turkmenistan + # From Shanks. + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Ashkhabad 3:53:32 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ashgabat +  4:00 - ASHT 1930 Jun 21 # Ashkhabad Time +  5:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00 +  4:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Oct 27 # independence +  4:00 RussiaAsia TM%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00 +  5:00 - TMT +  + # United Arab Emirates + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Dubai 3:41:12 - LMT 1920 +  4:00 - GST +  + # Uzbekistan + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Samarkand 4:27:12 - LMT 1924 May 2 +  4:00 - SAMT 1930 Jun 21 # Samarkand Time +  5:00 - SAMT 1981 Apr 1 +  5:00 1:00 SAMST 1981 Oct 1 +  6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00 # Tashkent Time +  5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence +  5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992 +  5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1993 +  5:00 - UZT + Zone Asia/Tashkent 4:37:12 - LMT 1924 May 2 +  5:00 - TAST 1930 Jun 21 # Tashkent Time +  6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence +  5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992 +  5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1993 +  5:00 - UZT +  + # Vietnam + # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1993-11-18): + # Saigon's official name is Thanh-Pho Ho Chi Minh, but it's too long. + # We'll stick with the traditional name for now. + # From Shanks: + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Saigon 7:06:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9 +  7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT? +  7:00 - ICT 1912 May +  8:00 - ICT 1931 May +  7:00 - ICT +  + # Yemen + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Asia/Aden 3:00:48 - LMT 1950 +  3:00 - AST   Newline at end of file added.