pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / asia

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1: - # @(#)asia 8.14 + # @(#)asia 8.25   # <pre>      # This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,   # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to   # tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).      # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   #   # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is   # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:222:   # I have investigated the timezones around 1970 on the   # http://www.astro.com/atlas site [with provinces and county   # boundaries summarized below].... A few other exceptions were two   # counties on the Sichuan side of the Xizang-Sichuan border,   # counties Dege and Baiyu which lies on the Sichuan side and are   # therefore supposed to be GMT+7, Xizang region being GMT+6, but Dege   # county is GMT+8 according to astro.com while Baiyu county is GMT+6   # (could be true), for the moment I am assuming that those two   # counties are mistakes in the astro.com data.    + # From Paul Eggert (2008-02-11): + # I just now checked Google News for western news sources that talk + # about China's single time zone, and couldn't find anything before 1986 + # talking about China being in one time zone. (That article was: Jim + # Mann, "A clumsy embrace for another western custom: China on daylight + # time--sort of", Los Angeles Times, 1986-05-05. By the way, this + # article confirms the tz database's data claiming that China began + # observing daylight saving time in 1986. + # + # From Thomas S. Mullaney (2008-02-11): + # I think you're combining two subjects that need to treated + # separately: daylight savings (which, you're correct, wasn't + # implemented until the 1980s) and the unified time zone centered near + # Beijing (which was implemented in 1949). Briefly, there was also a + # "Lhasa Time" in Tibet and "Urumqi Time" in Xinjiang. The first was + # ceased, and the second eventually recognized (again, in the 1980s). + # + # From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30): + # There seems to be a good chance China switched to a single time zone in 1949 + # rather than in 1980 as Shanks & Pottenger have it, but we don't have a + # reliable documentary source saying so yet, so for now we still go with + # Shanks & Pottenger.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   # Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area)   # Heilongjiang (except Mohe county), Jilin   Zone Asia/Harbin 8:26:44 - LMT 1928 # or Haerbin    8:30 - CHAT 1932 Mar # Changbai Time    8:00 - CST 1940    9:00 - CHAT 1966 May    8:30 - CHAT 1980 May    8:00 PRC C%sT
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:439:   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912    8:00 - TLT 1942 Feb 21 23:00 # E Timor Time    9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23    9:00 - TLT 1976 May 3    8:00 - CIT 2000 Sep 17 00:00    9:00 - TLT      # India   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Calcutta 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata + Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata    5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time?    6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time    5:30 - IST 1942 Sep    5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15    5:30 - IST - # The following are like Asia/Calcutta: + # The following are like Asia/Kolkata:   # Andaman Is   # Lakshadweep (Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Is)   # Nicobar Is      # Indonesia   #   # From Gwillim Law (2001-05-28), overriding Shanks & Pottenger:   # <http://www.sumatera-inc.com/go_to_invest/about_indonesia.asp#standtime>   # says that Indonesia's time zones changed on 1988-01-01. Looking at some   # time zone maps, I think that must refer to Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:653:   # are an hour ahead of Baghdad."   #   # But Rives McDow (2000-06-18) quotes a contact in Iraqi-Kurdistan as follows:   # In the past, some Kurdish nationalists, as a protest to the Iraqi   # Government, did not adhere to daylight saving time. They referred   # to daylight saving as Saddam time. But, as of today, the time zone   # in Iraqi-Kurdistan is on standard time with Baghdad, Iraq.   #   # So we'll ignore the Economist's claim.    + # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-03-10): + # The cabinet in Iraq abolished DST last week, according to the following + # news sources (in Arabic): + # <a href="http://www.aljeeran.net/wesima_articles/news-20080305-98602.html"> + # http://www.aljeeran.net/wesima_articles/news-20080305-98602.html + # </a> + # <a href="http://www.aswataliraq.info/look/article.tpl?id=2047&IdLanguage=17&IdPublication=4&NrArticle=71743&NrIssue=1&NrSection=10"> + # http://www.aswataliraq.info/look/article.tpl?id=2047&IdLanguage=17&IdPublication=4&NrArticle=71743&NrIssue=1&NrSection=10 + # </a> + # + # We have published a short article in English about the change: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/iraq-dumps-daylight-saving.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/iraq-dumps-daylight-saving.html + # </a> +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Iraq 1982 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Iraq 1982 1984 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S   Rule Iraq 1983 only - Mar 31 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Iraq 1984 1985 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Iraq 1985 1990 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 S   Rule Iraq 1986 1990 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 D   # IATA SSIM (1991/1996) says Apr 1 12:01am UTC; guess the `:01' is a typo.   # Shanks & Pottenger say Iraq did not observe DST 1992/1997; ignore this.   # - Rule Iraq 1991 max - Apr 1 3:00s 1:00 D - Rule Iraq 1991 max - Oct 1 3:00s 0 S + Rule Iraq 1991 2007 - Apr 1 3:00s 1:00 D + Rule Iraq 1991 2007 - Oct 1 3:00s 0 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Baghdad 2:57:40 - LMT 1890    2:57:36 - BMT 1918 # Baghdad Mean Time?    3:00 - AST 1982 May    3:00 Iraq A%sT         ###############################################################################      # Israel
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1354:   # and some Eastern provinces are +9 GMT but Sukhbaatar Aimag is SUHK +8.5 GMT.   # The SUKH timezone is new this year, it is one of the few things the   # parliament passed during the tumultuous winter session."   # For now, let's ignore this information, until we have more confirmation.      # From Ganbold Ts. (2007-02-26):   # Parliament of Mongolia has just changed the daylight-saving rule in February.   # They decided not to adopt daylight-saving time....   # http://www.mongolnews.mn/index.php?module=unuudur&sec=view&id=15742    + # From Deborah Goldsmith (2008-03-30): + # We received a bug report claiming that the tz database UTC offset for + # Asia/Choibalsan (GMT+09:00) is incorrect, and that it should be GMT + # +08:00 instead. Different sources appear to disagree with the tz + # database on this, e.g.: + # + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=1026"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=1026 + # </a> + # <a href="http://www.worldtimeserver.com/current_time_in_MN.aspx"> + # http://www.worldtimeserver.com/current_time_in_MN.aspx + # </a> + # + # both say GMT+08:00. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-03-31): + # eznis airways, which operates several domestic flights, has a flight + # schedule here: + # <a href="http://www.eznis.com/Container.jsp?id=112"> + # http://www.eznis.com/Container.jsp?id=112 + # </a> + # (click the English flag for English) + # + # There it appears that flights between Choibalsan and Ulaanbatar arrive + # about 1:35 - 1:50 hours later in local clock time, no matter the + # direction, while Ulaanbaatar-Khvod takes 2 hours in the Eastern + # direction and 3:35 back, which indicates that Ulaanbatar and Khvod are + # in different time zones (like we know about), while Choibalsan and + # Ulaanbatar are in the same time zone (correction needed). +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2008-05-19): + # Assume that Choibalsan is indeed offset by 8:00. + # XXX--in the absence of better information, assume that transition + # was at the start of 2008-03-31 (the day of Steffen Thorsen's report); + # this is almost surely wrong. +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Mongol 1983 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Mongol 1983 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   # Shanks & Pottenger and IATA SSIM say 1990s switches occurred at 00:00,   # but McDow says the 2001 switches occurred at 02:00. Also, IATA SSIM   # (1996-09) says 1996-10-25. Go with Shanks & Pottenger through 1998.   #   # Shanks & Pottenger say that the Sept. 1984 through Sept. 1990 switches   # in Choibalsan (more precisely, in Dornod and Sukhbaatar) took place   # at 02:00 standard time, not at 00:00 local time as in the rest of
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1389:    7:00 Mongol HOV%sT   # Ulaanbaatar, a.k.a. Ulan Bataar, Ulan Bator, Urga   Zone Asia/Ulaanbaatar 7:07:32 - LMT 1905 Aug    7:00 - ULAT 1978 # Ulaanbaatar Time    8:00 Mongol ULA%sT   # Choibalsan, a.k.a. Bajan Tuemen, Bajan Tumen, Chojbalsan,   # Choybalsan, Sanbejse, Tchoibalsan   Zone Asia/Choibalsan 7:38:00 - LMT 1905 Aug    7:00 - ULAT 1978    8:00 - ULAT 1983 Apr -  9:00 Mongol CHO%sT # Choibalsan Time +  9:00 Mongol CHO%sT 2008 Mar 31 # Choibalsan Time +  8:00 Mongol CHO%sT      # Nepal   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Katmandu 5:41:16 - LMT 1920 + Zone Asia/Kathmandu 5:41:16 - LMT 1920    5:30 - IST 1986    5:45 - NPT # Nepal Time      # Oman   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Muscat 3:54:20 - LMT 1920    4:00 - GST      # Pakistan   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1439:   # there will be no DST in Pakistan this year:   #   # ISLAMABAD, March 6: Information and Media Development Minister Sheikh   # Rashid Ahmed on Thursday said the cabinet had reversed a previous   # decision to advance clocks by one hour in summer and put them back by   # one hour in winter with the aim of saving light hours and energy.   #   # The minister told a news conference that the experiment had rather   # shown 8 per cent higher consumption of electricity.    + # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-15): + # + # Here is an article that Pakistan plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time + # on June 1, 2008 for 3 months. + # + # "... The federal cabinet on Wednesday announced a new conservation plan to help + # reduce load shedding by approving the closure of commercial centres at 9pm and + # moving clocks forward by one hour for the next three months. + # ...." + # + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan01.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan01.html + # </a> + # OR + # <a href="http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008%5C05%5C15%5Cstory_15-5-2008_pg1_4"> + # http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008%5C05%5C15%5Cstory_15-5-2008_pg1_4 + # </a>    -  + # From Arthur David Olson (2008-05-19): + # XXX--midnight transitions is a guess; 2008 only is a guess. +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2008-08-28): + # Pakistan government has decided to keep the watches one-hour advanced + # for another 2 months--plan to return to Standard Time on October 31 + # instead of August 31. + # + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan02.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan02.html + # </a> + # OR + # <a href="http://dailymailnews.com/200808/28/news/dmbrn03.html"> + # http://dailymailnews.com/200808/28/news/dmbrn03.html + # </a> +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Apr Sun>=2 0:01 1:00 S   Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Oct Sun>=2 0:01 0 - -  + Rule Pakistan 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Pakistan 2008 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907    5:30 - IST 1942 Sep    5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15    5:30 - IST 1951 Sep 30    5:00 - KART 1971 Mar 26 # Karachi Time    5:00 Pakistan PK%sT # Pakistan Time      # Palestine   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1562:   # According to Steffen Thorsen's web site the Gaza Strip and the rest of the   # Palestinian territories left DST early on 13.th. of September at 2:00.      # From Paul Eggert (2007-09-20):   # My understanding is that Gaza and the West Bank disagree even over when   # the weekend is (Thursday+Friday versus Friday+Saturday), so I'd be a bit   # surprised if they agreed about DST. But for now, assume they agree.   # For lack of better information, predict that future changes will be   # the 2nd Thursday of September at 02:00.    + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2008-08-28): + # Here is an article, that Mideast running on different clocks at Ramadan. + # + # Gaza Strip (as Egypt) ended DST at midnight Thursday (Aug 28, 2008), while + # the West Bank will end Daylight Saving Time at midnight Sunday (Aug 31, 2008). + # + # <a href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/feedarticle/7759001"> + # http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/feedarticle/7759001 + # </a> + # <a href="http://www.abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory?id=5676087"> + # http://www.abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory?id=5676087 + # </a> + # or + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_gazastrip01.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_gazastrip01.html + # </a> +    # The rules for Egypt are stolen from the `africa' file.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule EgyptAsia 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S   Rule EgyptAsia 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule EgyptAsia 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1967 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S   Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -   Rule EgyptAsia 1966 only - Oct 1 3:00 0 -      Rule Palestine 1999 2005 - Apr Fri>=15 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Palestine 1999 2003 - Oct Fri>=15 0:00 0 -   Rule Palestine 2004 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 -   Rule Palestine 2005 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -   Rule Palestine 2006 max - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Palestine 2006 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - - Rule Palestine 2007 max - Sep Thu>=8 2:00 0 - + Rule Palestine 2007 only - Sep Thu>=8 2:00 0 - + Rule Palestine 2008 max - Aug lastThu 2:00 0 -      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Gaza 2:17:52 - LMT 1900 Oct    2:00 Zion EET 1948 May 15    2:00 EgyptAsia EE%sT 1967 Jun 5    2:00 Zion I%sT 1996    2:00 Jordan EE%sT 1999    2:00 Palestine EE%sT      # Paracel Is
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1680:   # <http://news.sinhalaya.com/wmview.php?ArtID=11002> (2006-04-13):   # 0030 hrs on April 15, 2006 (midnight of April 14, 2006 +30 minutes)   # at present, become 2400 hours of April 14, 2006 (midnight of April 14, 2006).      # From Peter Apps and Ranga Sirila of Reuters (2006-04-12) in:   # <http://today.reuters.co.uk/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=scienceNews&storyID=2006-04-12T172228Z_01_COL295762_RTRIDST_0_SCIENCE-SRILANKA-TIME-DC.XML>   # [The Tamil Tigers] never accepted the original 1996 time change and simply   # kept their clocks set five and a half hours ahead of Greenwich Mean   # Time (GMT), in line with neighbor India.   # From Paul Eggert (2006-04-18): - # People who live in regions under Tamil control can use TZ='Asia/Calcutta', + # People who live in regions under Tamil control can use [TZ='Asia/Kolkata'],   # as that zone has agreed with the Tamil areas since our cutoff date of 1970.      # From K Sethu (2006-04-25):   # I think the abbreviation LKT originated from the world of computers at   # the time of or subsequent to the time zone changes by SL Government   # twice in 1996 and probably SL Government or its standardization   # agencies never declared an abbreviation as a national standard.   #   # I recollect before the recent change the government annoucemments   # mentioning it as simply changing Sri Lanka Standard Time or Sri Lanka
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1770:   Rule Syria 1994 2005 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Syria 1997 1998 - Mar lastMon 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 1999 2006 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S   # From Stephen Colebourne (2006-09-18):   # According to IATA data, Syria will change DST on 21st September [21:00 UTC]   # this year [only].... This is probably related to Ramadan, like Egypt.   Rule Syria 2006 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 -   # From Paul Eggert (2007-03-29):   # Today the AP reported "Syria will switch to summertime at midnight Thursday."   # http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/03/29/africa/ME-GEN-Syria-Time-Change.php - # For lack of better info, assume the rule changed to "last Friday in March" - # this year. - Rule Syria 2007 max - Mar lastFri 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 2007 only - Mar lastFri 0:00 1:00 S   # From Jesper Norgard (2007-10-27):   # The sister center ICARDA of my work CIMMYT is confirming that Syria DST will   # not take place 1.st November at 0:00 o'clock but 1.st November at 24:00 or   # rather Midnight between Thursday and Friday. This does make more sence than   # having it between Wednesday and Thursday (two workdays in Syria) since the   # weekend in Syria is not Saturday and Sunday, but Friday and Saturday. So now   # it is implemented at midnight of the last workday before weekend...   #   # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-10-27):   # Jesper Norgaard Welen wrote:
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1794:   # > "Winter local time in Syria will be observed at midnight of Thursday 1   # > November 2007, and the clock will be put back 1 hour."   #   # I found confirmation on this in this gov.sy-article (Arabic):   # http://wehda.alwehda.gov.sy/_print_veiw.asp?FileName=12521710520070926111247   #   # which using Google's translate tools says:   # Council of Ministers also approved the commencement of work on   # identifying the winter time as of Friday, 2/11/2007 where the 60th   # minute delay at midnight Thursday 1/11/2007. + Rule Syria 2007 only - Nov Fri>=1 0:00 0 - +  + # From Stephen Colebourne (2008-03-17): + # For everyone's info, I saw an IATA time zone change for [Syria] for + # this month (March 2008) in the last day or so...This is the data IATA + # are now using: + # Country Time Standard --- DST Start --- --- DST End --- DST + # Name Zone Variation Time Date Time Date + # Variation + # Syrian Arab + # Republic SY +0200 2200 03APR08 2100 30SEP08 +0300 + # 2200 02APR09 2100 30SEP09 +0300 + # 2200 01APR10 2100 30SEP10 +0300 +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2008-03-17): + # Here's a link to English-language coverage by the Syrian Arab News + # Agency (SANA)... + # <a href="http://www.sana.sy/eng/21/2008/03/11/165173.htm"> + # http://www.sana.sy/eng/21/2008/03/11/165173.htm + # </a>...which reads (in part) "The Cabinet approved the suggestion of the + # Ministry of Electricity to begin daylight savings time on Friday April + # 4th, advancing clocks one hour ahead on midnight of Thursday April 3rd." + # Since Syria is two hours east of UTC, the 2200 and 2100 transition times + # shown above match up with midnight in Syria. +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2008-03-18): + # My buest guess at a Syrian rule is "the Friday nearest April 1"; + # coding that involves either using a "Mar Fri>=29" construct that old time zone + # compilers can't handle or having multiple Rules (a la Israel). + # For now, use "Apr Fri>=1", and go with IATA on a uniform Sep 30 end. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-10-07): + # Syria has now officially decided to end DST on 2008-11-01 this year, + # according to the following article in the Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA).   # - # From Arthur David Olson (2007-10-30): - # My best guess for the future is first Friday in November. - Rule Syria 2007 max - Nov Fri>=1 0:00 0 - + # The article is in Arabic, and seems to tell that they will go back to + # winter time on 2008-11-01 at 00:00 local daylight time (delaying/setting + # clocks back 60 minutes). + # + # <a href="http://sana.sy/ara/2/2008/10/07/195459.htm"> + # http://sana.sy/ara/2/2008/10/07/195459.htm + # </a> +  + Rule Syria 2008 max - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 2008 max - Nov 1 0:00 0 - +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Damascus 2:25:12 - LMT 1920 # Dimashq    2:00 Syria EE%sT      # Tajikistan   # From Shanks & Pottenger.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Dushanbe 4:35:12 - LMT 1924 May 2    5:00 - DUST 1930 Jun 21 # Dushanbe Time    6:00 RussiaAsia DUS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1851:    5:00 - UZT   Zone Asia/Tashkent 4:37:12 - LMT 1924 May 2    5:00 - TAST 1930 Jun 21 # Tashkent Time    6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00    5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence    5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992    5:00 - UZT      # Vietnam    - # From Paul Eggert (1993-11-18): - # Saigon's official name is Thanh-Pho Ho Chi Minh, but it's too long. - # We'll stick with the traditional name for now. + # From Arthur David Olson (2008-03-18): + # The English-language name of Vietnam's most populous city is "Ho Chi Min City"; + # we use Ho_Chi_Minh below to avoid a name of more than 14 characters.      # From Shanks & Pottenger:   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Saigon 7:06:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9 + Zone Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh 7:06:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9    7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?    7:00 - ICT 1912 May    8:00 - ICT 1931 May    7:00 - ICT      # Yemen   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Aden 3:00:48 - LMT 1950    3:00 - AST