pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / asia

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1: - # @(#)asia 7.58 + # <pre> + # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of + # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.      # This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,   # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to - # tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future). + # tz@iana.org for general use in the future).    - # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1999-03-22): + # From Paul Eggert (2013-08-11):   #   # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is - # Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition), - # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999). + # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition), + # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).   # - # Gwillim Law <Gwil_Law@bridge-point.com> writes that a good source + # Gwillim Law writes that a good source   # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport   # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),   # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries   # of the IATA's data after 1990.   # - # Except where otherwise noted, Shanks is the source for entries through 1990, - # and IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990. + # Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for + # entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.   #   # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,   # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which   # I found in the UCLA library.   # -  + # For data circa 1899, a common source is: + # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94 + # <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>. + #   # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is   # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).   #   # I invented the abbreviations marked `*' in the following table;   # the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.   # Corrections are welcome! - # std dst - # LMT Local Mean Time - # 2:00 EET EEST Eastern European Time - # 2:00 IST IDT Israel - # 3:00 AST ADT Arabia* - # 4:00 GST Gulf* - # 5:30 IST India - # 7:00 ICT Indochina* - # 8:00 CST China - # 9:00 CJT Central Japanese Time (1896/1937)* - # 9:00 JST Japan - # 9:00 KST Korea - # 9:30 CST (Australian) Central Standard Time + # std dst + # LMT Local Mean Time + # 2:00 EET EEST Eastern European Time + # 2:00 IST IDT Israel + # 3:00 AST ADT Arabia* + # 3:30 IRST IRDT Iran + # 4:00 GST Gulf* + # 5:30 IST India + # 7:00 ICT Indochina* + # 7:00 WIB west Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Barat) + # 8:00 WITA central Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Tengah) + # 8:00 CST China + # 9:00 CJT Central Japanese Time (1896/1937)* + # 9:00 WIT east Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Timur) + # 9:00 JST JDT Japan + # 9:00 KST KDT Korea + # 9:30 CST (Australian) Central Standard Time   #   # See the `europe' file for Russia and Turkey in Asia.      # From Guy Harris:   # Incorporates data for Singapore from Robert Elz' asia 1.1, as well as   # additional information from Tom Yap, Sun Microsystems Intercontinental   # Technical Support (including a page from the Official Airline Guide -   # Worldwide Edition). The names for time zones are guesses.      ###############################################################################      # These rules are stolen from the `europe' file.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule EUAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 1:00 S -  + Rule EUAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00u 0 -   Rule EUAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0 -   Rule E-EurAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   Rule E-EurAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule E-EurAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule RussiaAsia 1984 1991 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -   Rule RussiaAsia 1985 1991 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule RussiaAsia 1992 only - Mar lastSat 23:00 1:00 S   Rule RussiaAsia 1992 only - Sep lastSat 23:00 0 -
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:70:   Rule RussiaAsia 1993 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -   Rule RussiaAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -      # Afghanistan   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Kabul 4:36:48 - LMT 1890    4:00 - AFT 1945    4:30 - AFT      # Armenia - # From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29): - # Shanks has Yerevan switching to 3:00 (with Russian DST) in spring 1991, - # then to 4:00 with no DST in fall 1995, then readopting Russian DST in 1997. - # Go with Shanks, even when he disagrees with others. Edgar Der-Danieliantz - # <edd@AIC.NET> reported (1996-05-04) that Yerevan probably wouldn't use DST + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # Shanks & Pottenger have Yerevan switching to 3:00 (with Russian DST) + # in spring 1991, then to 4:00 with no DST in fall 1995, then + # readopting Russian DST in 1997. Go with Shanks & Pottenger, even + # when they disagree with others. Edgar Der-Danieliantz + # reported (1996-05-04) that Yerevan probably wouldn't use DST   # in 1996, though it did use DST in 1995. IATA SSIM (1991/1998) reports that   # Armenia switched from 3:00 to 4:00 in 1998 and observed DST after 1991,   # but started switching at 3:00s in 1998. -  +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2011-06-15): + # While Russia abandoned DST in 2011, Armenia may choose to + # follow Russia's "old" rules. +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-02-10): + # According to News Armenia, on Feb 9, 2012, + # http://newsarmenia.ru/society/20120209/42609695.html + # + # The Armenia National Assembly adopted final reading of Amendments to the + # Law "On procedure of calculation time on the territory of the Republic of + # Armenia" according to which Armenia [is] abolishing Daylight Saving Time. + # or + # (brief) + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_armenia03.html   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Yerevan 2:58:00 - LMT 1924 May 2    3:00 - YERT 1957 Mar # Yerevan Time    4:00 RussiaAsia YER%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    3:00 1:00 YERST 1991 Sep 23 # independence    3:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT 1995 Sep 24 2:00s    4:00 - AMT 1997 -  4:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT +  4:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT 2012 Mar 25 2:00s +  4:00 - AMT      # Azerbaijan -  + # From Rustam Aliyev of the Azerbaijan Internet Forum (2005-10-23): + # According to the resolution of Cabinet of Ministers, 1997 + # Resolution available at: http://aif.az/docs/daylight_res.pdf   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Azer 1997 max - Mar lastSun 1:00 1:00 S - Rule Azer 1997 max - Oct lastSun 1:00 0 - + Rule Azer 1997 max - Mar lastSun 4:00 1:00 S + Rule Azer 1997 max - Oct lastSun 5:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Baku 3:19:24 - LMT 1924 May 2    3:00 - BAKT 1957 Mar # Baku Time    4:00 RussiaAsia BAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    3:00 1:00 BAKST 1991 Aug 30 # independence -  3:00 RussiaAsia AZ%sT 1992 Sep lastSun 2:00s +  3:00 RussiaAsia AZ%sT 1992 Sep lastSat 23:00    4:00 - AZT 1996 # Azerbaijan time    4:00 EUAsia AZ%sT 1997    4:00 Azer AZ%sT      # Bahrain   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Bahrain 3:22:20 - LMT 1920 # Al Manamah    4:00 - GST 1972 Jun    3:00 - AST      # Bangladesh -  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-05-13): + # According to newspaper Asian Tribune (May 6, 2009) Bangladesh may introduce + # Daylight Saving Time from June 16 to Sept 30 + # + # Bangladesh to introduce daylight saving time likely from June 16 + # <a href="http://www.asiantribune.com/?q=node/17288"> + # http://www.asiantribune.com/?q=node/17288 + # </a> + # or + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_bangladesh02.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_bangladesh02.html + # </a> + # + # "... Bangladesh government has decided to switch daylight saving time from + # June + # 16 till September 30 in a bid to ensure maximum use of daylight to cope with + # crippling power crisis. " + # + # The switch will remain in effect from June 16 to Sept 30 (2009) but if + # implemented the next year, it will come in force from April 1, 2010 +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-02): + # They have finally decided now, but changed the start date to midnight between + # the 19th and 20th, and they have not set the end date yet. + # + # Some sources: + # <a href="http://in.reuters.com/article/southAsiaNews/idINIndia-40017620090601"> + # http://in.reuters.com/article/southAsiaNews/idINIndia-40017620090601 + # </a> + # <a href="http://bdnews24.com/details.php?id=85889&cid=2"> + # http://bdnews24.com/details.php?id=85889&cid=2 + # </a> + # + # Our wrap-up: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/bangladesh-daylight-saving-2009.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/bangladesh-daylight-saving-2009.html + # </a> +  + # From A. N. M. Kamrus Saadat (2009-06-15): + # Finally we've got the official mail regarding DST start time where DST start + # time is mentioned as Jun 19 2009, 23:00 from BTRC (Bangladesh + # Telecommunication Regulatory Commission). + # + # No DST end date has been announced yet. +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-09-25): + # Bangladesh won't go back to Standard Time from October 1, 2009, + # instead it will continue DST measure till the cabinet makes a fresh decision. + # + # Following report by same newspaper-"The Daily Star Friday": + # "DST change awaits cabinet decision-Clock won't go back by 1-hr from Oct 1" + # <a href="http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=107021"> + # http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=107021 + # </a> + # or + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_bangladesh04.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_bangladesh04.html + # </a> +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-10-13): + # IANS (Indo-Asian News Service) now reports: + # Bangladesh has decided that the clock advanced by an hour to make + # maximum use of daylight hours as an energy saving measure would + # "continue for an indefinite period." + # + # One of many places where it is published: + # <a href="http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/business/bangladesh-to-continue-indefinitely-with-advanced-time_100259987.html"> + # http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/business/bangladesh-to-continue-indefinitely-with-advanced-time_100259987.html + # </a> +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-12-24): + # According to Bangladesh newspaper "The Daily Star," + # Bangladesh will change its clock back to Standard Time on Dec 31, 2009. + # + # Clock goes back 1-hr on Dec 31 night. + # <a href="http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=119228"> + # http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=119228 + # </a> + # and + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_bangladesh05.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_bangladesh05.html + # </a> + # + # "...The government yesterday decided to put the clock back by one hour + # on December 31 midnight and the new time will continue until March 31, + # 2010 midnight. The decision came at a cabinet meeting at the Prime + # Minister's Office last night..." +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-22): + # According to Bangladesh newspaper "The Daily Star," + # Cabinet cancels Daylight Saving Time + # <a href="http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/latest_news.php?nid=22817"> + # http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/latest_news.php?nid=22817 + # </a> + # or + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_bangladesh06.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_bangladesh06.html + # </a> +  + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Dhaka 2009 only - Jun 19 23:00 1:00 S + Rule Dhaka 2009 only - Dec 31 23:59 0 - +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Dhaka 6:01:40 - LMT 1890    5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time?    6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time    5:30 - IST 1942 Sep    6:30 - BURT 1951 Sep 30    6:00 - DACT 1971 Mar 26 # Dacca Time -  6:00 - BDT # Bangladesh Time +  6:00 - BDT 2009 +  6:00 Dhaka BD%sT      # Bhutan   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Thimphu 5:58:36 - LMT 1947 Aug 15 # or Thimbu    5:30 - IST 1987 Oct    6:00 - BTT # Bhutan Time      # British Indian Ocean Territory - # From Whitman: + # Whitman and the 1995 CIA time zone map say 5:00, but the + # 1997 and later maps say 6:00. Assume the switch occurred in 1996. + # We have no information as to when standard time was introduced; + # assume it occurred in 1907, the same year as Mauritius (which + # then contained the Chagos Archipelago).   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Indian/Chagos 5:00 - IOT # BIOT Time + Zone Indian/Chagos 4:49:40 - LMT 1907 +  5:00 - IOT 1996 # BIOT Time +  6:00 - IOT      # Brunei   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Brunei 7:39:40 - LMT 1926 Mar # Bandar Seri Begawan    7:30 - BNT 1933    8:00 - BNT      # Burma / Myanmar -  +  + # Milne says 6:24:40 was the meridian of the time ball observatory at Rangoon. +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Rangoon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Yangon -  6:24:36 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon Mean Time? +  6:24:40 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon Mean Time?    6:30 - BURT 1942 May # Burma Time    9:00 - JST 1945 May 3    6:30 - MMT # Myanmar Time      # Cambodia   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Phnom_Penh 6:59:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9    7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?    7:00 - ICT 1912 May    8:00 - ICT 1931 May
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:160:   # China      # From Guy Harris:   # People's Republic of China. Yes, they really have only one time zone.      # From Bob Devine (1988-01-28):   # No they don't. See TIME mag, 1986-02-17 p.52. Even though   # China is across 4 physical time zones, before Feb 1, 1986 only the   # Peking (Bejing) time zone was recognized. Since that date, China   # has two of 'em -- Peking's and Urumqi (named after the capital of - # the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region). I don't know about DST for it. + # the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region). I don't know about DST for it.   #   # . . .I just deleted the DST table and this editor makes it too   # painful to suck in another copy.. So, here is what I have for   # DST start/end dates for Peking's time zone (info from AP):   #   # 1986 May 4 - Sept 14   # 1987 mid-April - ??      # From U. S. Naval Observatory (1989-01-19):   # CHINA 8 H AHEAD OF UTC ALL OF CHINA, INCL TAIWAN   # CHINA 9 H AHEAD OF UTC APR 17 - SEP 10    - # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1995-12-19): - # Shanks writes that China has had a single time zone since 1980 May 1, - # observing summer DST from 1986 through 1991; this contradicts Devine's + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # Shanks & Pottenger write that China (except for Hong Kong and Macau) + # has had a single time zone since 1980 May 1, observing summer DST + # from 1986 through 1991; this contradicts Devine's   # note about Time magazine, though apparently _something_ happened in 1986. - # Go with Shanks for now. I made up names for the other pre-1980 time zones. + # Go with Shanks & Pottenger for now. I made up names for the other + # pre-1980 time zones.    - # From Shanks: + # From Shanks & Pottenger:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Shang 1940 only - Jun 3 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Shang 1940 1941 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S   Rule Shang 1941 only - Mar 16 0:00 1:00 D - Rule PRC 1949 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 S +    Rule PRC 1986 only - May 4 0:00 1:00 D   Rule PRC 1986 1991 - Sep Sun>=11 0:00 0 S   Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D -  +  + # From Anthony Fok (2001-12-20): + # BTW, I did some research on-line and found some info regarding these five + # historic timezones from some Taiwan websites. And yes, there are official + # Chinese names for these locales (before 1949). + # + # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2006-07-14): + # I have investigated the timezones around 1970 on the + # http://www.astro.com/atlas site [with provinces and county + # boundaries summarized below].... A few other exceptions were two + # counties on the Sichuan side of the Xizang-Sichuan border, + # counties Dege and Baiyu which lies on the Sichuan side and are + # therefore supposed to be GMT+7, Xizang region being GMT+6, but Dege + # county is GMT+8 according to astro.com while Baiyu county is GMT+6 + # (could be true), for the moment I am assuming that those two + # counties are mistakes in the astro.com data. +  + # From Paul Eggert (2008-02-11): + # I just now checked Google News for western news sources that talk + # about China's single time zone, and couldn't find anything before 1986 + # talking about China being in one time zone. (That article was: Jim + # Mann, "A clumsy embrace for another western custom: China on daylight + # time--sort of", Los Angeles Times, 1986-05-05. By the way, this + # article confirms the tz database's data claiming that China began + # observing daylight saving time in 1986. + # + # From Thomas S. Mullaney (2008-02-11): + # I think you're combining two subjects that need to treated + # separately: daylight savings (which, you're correct, wasn't + # implemented until the 1980s) and the unified time zone centered near + # Beijing (which was implemented in 1949). Briefly, there was also a + # "Lhasa Time" in Tibet and "Urumqi Time" in Xinjiang. The first was + # ceased, and the second eventually recognized (again, in the 1980s). + # + # From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30): + # There seems to be a good chance China switched to a single time zone in 1949 + # rather than in 1980 as Shanks & Pottenger have it, but we don't have a + # reliable documentary source saying so yet, so for now we still go with + # Shanks & Pottenger. +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] -  + # Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area) + # Heilongjiang (except Mohe county), Jilin   Zone Asia/Harbin 8:26:44 - LMT 1928 # or Haerbin -  8:30 - HART 1932 Mar # Harbin Time +  8:30 - CHAT 1932 Mar # Changbai Time    8:00 - CST 1940 -  9:00 - HART 1966 May -  8:30 - HART 1980 May +  9:00 - CHAT 1966 May +  8:30 - CHAT 1980 May    8:00 PRC C%sT - Zone Asia/Shanghai 8:05:52 - LMT 1928 + # Zhongyuan Time ("Central plain Time") + # most of China + # Milne gives 8:05:56.7; round to nearest. + Zone Asia/Shanghai 8:05:57 - LMT 1928    8:00 Shang C%sT 1949    8:00 PRC C%sT - Zone Asia/Chungking 7:06:20 - LMT 1928 # or Chongqing -  7:00 - CHUT 1980 May # Chungking Time + # Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of that area) + # Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Ningxia, Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Yunnan; + # most of Gansu; west Inner Mongolia; west Qinghai; and the Guangdong + # counties Deqing, Enping, Kaiping, Luoding, Taishan, Xinxing, + # Yangchun, Yangjiang, Yu'nan, and Yunfu. + Zone Asia/Chongqing 7:06:20 - LMT 1928 # or Chungking +  7:00 - LONT 1980 May # Long-shu Time    8:00 PRC C%sT -  + # Xin-zang Time ("Xinjiang-Tibet Time") + # The Gansu counties Aksay, Anxi, Dunhuang, Subei; west Qinghai; + # the Guangdong counties Xuwen, Haikang, Suixi, Lianjiang, + # Zhanjiang, Wuchuan, Huazhou, Gaozhou, Maoming, Dianbai, and Xinyi; + # east Tibet, including Lhasa, Chamdo, Shigaise, Jimsar, Shawan and Hutubi; + # east Xinjiang, including Urumqi, Turpan, Karamay, Korla, Minfeng, Jinghe, + # Wusu, Qiemo, Xinyan, Wulanwusu, Jinghe, Yumin, Tacheng, Tuoli, Emin, + # Shihezi, Changji, Yanqi, Heshuo, Tuokexun, Tulufan, Shanshan, Hami, + # Fukang, Kuitun, Kumukuli, Miquan, Qitai, and Turfan.   Zone Asia/Urumqi 5:50:20 - LMT 1928 # or Urumchi    6:00 - URUT 1980 May # Urumqi Time    8:00 PRC C%sT -  + # Kunlun Time + # West Tibet, including Pulan, Aheqi, Shufu, Shule; + # West Xinjiang, including Aksu, Atushi, Yining, Hetian, Cele, Luopu, Nileke, + # Zhaosu, Tekesi, Gongliu, Chabuchaer, Huocheng, Bole, Pishan, Suiding, + # and Yarkand. +  + # From Luther Ma (2009-10-17): + # Almost all (>99.9%) ethnic Chinese (properly ethnic Han) living in + # Xinjiang use Chinese Standard Time. Some are aware of Xinjiang time, + # but have no need of it. All planes, trains, and schools function on + # what is called "Beijing time." When Han make an appointment in Chinese + # they implicitly use Beijing time. + # + # On the other hand, ethnic Uyghurs, who make up about half the + # population of Xinjiang, typically use "Xinjiang time" which is two + # hours behind Beijing time, or UTC +0600. The government of the Xinjiang + # Uyghur Autonomous Region, (XAUR, or just Xinjiang for short) as well as + # local governments such as the Urumqi city government use both times in + # publications, referring to what is popularly called Xinjiang time as + # "Urumqi time." When Uyghurs make an appointment in the Uyghur language + # they almost invariably use Xinjiang time. + # + # (Their ethnic Han compatriots would typically have no clue of its + # widespread use, however, because so extremely few of them are fluent in + # Uyghur, comparable to the number of Anglo-Americans fluent in Navajo.) + # + # (...As with the rest of China there was a brief interval ending in 1990 + # or 1991 when summer time was in use. The confusion was severe, with + # the province not having dual times but four times in use at the same + # time. Some areas remained on standard Xinjiang time or Beijing time and + # others moving their clocks ahead.) + # + # ...an example of an official website using of Urumqi time. + # + # The first few lines of the Google translation of + # <a href="http://www.fjysgl.gov.cn/show.aspx?id=2379&cid=39"> + # http://www.fjysgl.gov.cn/show.aspx?id=2379&cid=39 + # </a> + # (retrieved 2009-10-13) + # > Urumqi fire seven people are missing the alleged losses of at least + # > 500 million yuan + # > + # > (Reporter Dong Liu) the day before 20:20 or so (Urumqi Time 18:20), + # > Urumqi City Department of International Plaza Luther Qiantang River + # > burst fire. As of yesterday, 18:30, Urumqi City Fire officers and men + # > have worked continuously for 22 hours... +  + # From Luther Ma (2009-11-19): + # With the risk of being redundant to previous answers these are the most common + # English "transliterations" (w/o using non-English symbols): + # + # 1. Wulumuqi... + # 2. Kashi... + # 3. Urumqi... + # 4. Kashgar... + # ... + # 5. It seems that Uyghurs in Urumqi has been using Xinjiang since at least the + # 1960's. I know of one Han, now over 50, who grew up in the surrounding + # countryside and used Xinjiang time as a child. + # + # 6. Likewise for Kashgar and the rest of south Xinjiang I don't know of any + # start date for Xinjiang time. + # + # Without having access to local historical records, nor the ability to legally + # publish them, I would go with October 1, 1949, when Xinjiang became the Uyghur + # Autonomous Region under the PRC. (Before that Uyghurs, of course, would also + # not be using Beijing time, but some local time.) +    Zone Asia/Kashgar 5:03:56 - LMT 1928 # or Kashi or Kaxgar    5:30 - KAST 1940 # Kashgar Time    5:00 - KAST 1980 May    8:00 PRC C%sT -  +  +    # Hong Kong (Xianggang) -  +  + # Milne gives 7:36:41.7; round this. +  + # From Lee Yiu Chung (2009-10-24): + # I found there are some mistakes for the...DST rule for Hong + # Kong. [According] to the DST record from Hong Kong Observatory (actually, + # it is not [an] observatory, but the official meteorological agency of HK, + # and also serves as the official timing agency), there are some missing + # and incorrect rules. Although the exact switch over time is missing, I + # think 3:30 is correct. The official DST record for Hong Kong can be + # obtained from + # <a href="http://www.hko.gov.hk/gts/time/Summertime.htm"> + # http://www.hko.gov.hk/gts/time/Summertime.htm + # </a>. +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2009-10-28): + # Here are the dates given at + # <a href="http://www.hko.gov.hk/gts/time/Summertime.htm"> + # http://www.hko.gov.hk/gts/time/Summertime.htm + # </a> + # as of 2009-10-28: + # Year Period + # 1941 1 Apr to 30 Sep + # 1942 Whole year + # 1943 Whole year + # 1944 Whole year + # 1945 Whole year + # 1946 20 Apr to 1 Dec + # 1947 13 Apr to 30 Dec + # 1948 2 May to 31 Oct + # 1949 3 Apr to 30 Oct + # 1950 2 Apr to 29 Oct + # 1951 1 Apr to 28 Oct + # 1952 6 Apr to 25 Oct + # 1953 5 Apr to 1 Nov + # 1954 21 Mar to 31 Oct + # 1955 20 Mar to 6 Nov + # 1956 18 Mar to 4 Nov + # 1957 24 Mar to 3 Nov + # 1958 23 Mar to 2 Nov + # 1959 22 Mar to 1 Nov + # 1960 20 Mar to 6 Nov + # 1961 19 Mar to 5 Nov + # 1962 18 Mar to 4 Nov + # 1963 24 Mar to 3 Nov + # 1964 22 Mar to 1 Nov + # 1965 18 Apr to 17 Oct + # 1966 17 Apr to 16 Oct + # 1967 16 Apr to 22 Oct + # 1968 21 Apr to 20 Oct + # 1969 20 Apr to 19 Oct + # 1970 19 Apr to 18 Oct + # 1971 18 Apr to 17 Oct + # 1972 16 Apr to 22 Oct + # 1973 22 Apr to 21 Oct + # 1973/74 30 Dec 73 to 20 Oct 74 + # 1975 20 Apr to 19 Oct + # 1976 18 Apr to 17 Oct + # 1977 Nil + # 1978 Nil + # 1979 13 May to 21 Oct + # 1980 to Now Nil + # The page does not give start or end times of day. + # The page does not give a start date for 1942. + # The page does not givw an end date for 1945. + # The Japanese occupation of Hong Kong began on 1941-12-25. + # The Japanese surrender of Hong Kong was signed 1945-09-15. + # For lack of anything better, use start of those days as the transition times. +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S -  + Rule HK 1941 only - Apr 1 3:30 1:00 S + Rule HK 1941 only - Sep 30 3:30 0 -   Rule HK 1946 only - Apr 20 3:30 1:00 S   Rule HK 1946 only - Dec 1 3:30 0 -   Rule HK 1947 only - Apr 13 3:30 1:00 S   Rule HK 1947 only - Dec 30 3:30 0 -   Rule HK 1948 only - May 2 3:30 1:00 S - Rule HK 1948 1952 - Oct lastSun 3:30 0 - + Rule HK 1948 1951 - Oct lastSun 3:30 0 - + Rule HK 1952 only - Oct 25 3:30 0 -   Rule HK 1949 1953 - Apr Sun>=1 3:30 1:00 S   Rule HK 1953 only - Nov 1 3:30 0 -   Rule HK 1954 1964 - Mar Sun>=18 3:30 1:00 S   Rule HK 1954 only - Oct 31 3:30 0 -   Rule HK 1955 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 - - Rule HK 1965 1977 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S - Rule HK 1965 1977 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 - - Rule HK 1979 1980 - May Sun>=8 3:30 1:00 S - Rule HK 1979 1980 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 - + Rule HK 1965 1976 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S + Rule HK 1965 1976 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 - + Rule HK 1973 only - Dec 30 3:30 1:00 S + Rule HK 1979 only - May Sun>=8 3:30 1:00 S + Rule HK 1979 only - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Hong_Kong 7:36:36 - LMT 1904 Oct 30 + Zone Asia/Hong_Kong 7:36:42 - LMT 1904 Oct 30 +  8:00 HK HK%sT 1941 Dec 25 +  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 15    8:00 HK HK%sT    -  +    ###############################################################################      # Taiwan    - # Shanks writes that Taiwan observed DST during 1945, when it + # Shanks & Pottenger write that Taiwan observed DST during 1945, when it   # was still controlled by Japan. This is hard to believe, but we don't   # have any other information.    -  + # From smallufo (2010-04-03): + # According to Taiwan's CWB, + # <a href="http://www.cwb.gov.tw/V6/astronomy/cdata/summert.htm"> + # http://www.cwb.gov.tw/V6/astronomy/cdata/summert.htm + # </a> + # Taipei has DST in 1979 between July 1st and Sep 30. +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2010-04-07): + # Here's Google's translation of the table at the bottom of the "summert.htm" page: + # Decade Name Start and end date + # Republic of China 34 years to 40 years (AD 1945-1951 years) Summer Time May 1 to September 30 + # 41 years of the Republic of China (AD 1952) Daylight Saving Time March 1 to October 31 + # Republic of China 42 years to 43 years (AD 1953-1954 years) Daylight Saving Time April 1 to October 31 + # In the 44 years to 45 years (AD 1955-1956 years) Daylight Saving Time April 1 to September 30 + # Republic of China 46 years to 48 years (AD 1957-1959) Summer Time April 1 to September 30 + # Republic of China 49 years to 50 years (AD 1960-1961) Summer Time June 1 to September 30 + # Republic of China 51 years to 62 years (AD 1962-1973 years) Stop Summer Time + # Republic of China 63 years to 64 years (1974-1975 AD) Daylight Saving Time April 1 to September 30 + # Republic of China 65 years to 67 years (1976-1978 AD) Stop Daylight Saving Time + # Republic of China 68 years (AD 1979) Daylight Saving Time July 1 to September 30 + # Republic of China since 69 years (AD 1980) Stop Daylight Saving Time +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Taiwan 1945 1951 - May 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Taiwan 1945 1951 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S   Rule Taiwan 1952 only - Mar 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Taiwan 1952 1954 - Nov 1 0:00 0 S   Rule Taiwan 1953 1959 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Taiwan 1955 1961 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S   Rule Taiwan 1960 1961 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Taiwan 1974 1975 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Taiwan 1974 1975 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S - Rule Taiwan 1980 only - Jun 30 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Taiwan 1980 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 S + Rule Taiwan 1979 only - Jun 30 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Taiwan 1979 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 S +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Taipei 8:06:00 - LMT 1896 + Zone Asia/Taipei 8:06:00 - LMT 1896 # or Taibei or T'ai-pei    8:00 Taiwan C%sT    - # Macao (Macau, Aomen) + # Macau (Macao, Aomen)   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Macao 1961 1962 - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S - Rule Macao 1961 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 - - Rule Macao 1963 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Macao 1964 only - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S - Rule Macao 1965 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Macao 1965 only - Oct 31 0:00 0 - - Rule Macao 1966 1971 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S - Rule Macao 1966 1971 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 - - Rule Macao 1972 1974 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Macao 1972 1973 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 - - Rule Macao 1974 1977 - Oct Sun>=15 3:30 0 - - Rule Macao 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=15 3:30 1:00 S - Rule Macao 1978 1980 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Macao 1978 1980 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Macau 1961 1962 - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S + Rule Macau 1961 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 - + Rule Macau 1963 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Macau 1964 only - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S + Rule Macau 1965 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Macau 1965 only - Oct 31 0:00 0 - + Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S + Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 - + Rule Macau 1972 1974 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Macau 1972 1973 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Macau 1974 1977 - Oct Sun>=15 3:30 0 - + Rule Macau 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=15 3:30 1:00 S + Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Macao 7:34:20 - LMT 1912 -  8:00 Macao MO%sT 1999 Dec 20 # return to China + Zone Asia/Macau 7:34:20 - LMT 1912 +  8:00 Macau MO%sT 1999 Dec 20 # return to China    8:00 PRC C%sT         ###############################################################################      # Cyprus -  + # + # Milne says the Eastern Telegraph Company used 2:14:00. Stick with LMT. + #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Apr 13 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Oct 12 0:00 0 -   Rule Cyprus 1976 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Cyprus 1976 only - Oct 11 0:00 0 -   Rule Cyprus 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Cyprus 1977 only - Sep 25 0:00 0 -   Rule Cyprus 1978 only - Oct 2 0:00 0 -   Rule Cyprus 1979 1997 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule Cyprus 1981 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:300:   Zone Asia/Nicosia 2:13:28 - LMT 1921 Nov 14    2:00 Cyprus EE%sT 1998 Sep    2:00 EUAsia EE%sT   # IATA SSIM (1998-09) has Cyprus using EU rules for the first time.      # Classically, Cyprus belongs to Asia; e.g. see Herodotus, Histories, I.72.   # However, for various reasons many users expect to find it under Europe.   Link Asia/Nicosia Europe/Nicosia      # Georgia - # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1994-11-19): + # From Paul Eggert (1994-11-19):   # Today's _Economist_ (p 60) reports that Georgia moved its clocks forward   # an hour recently, due to a law proposed by Zurab Murvanidze,   # an MP who went on a hunger strike for 11 days to force discussion about it!   # We have no details, but we'll guess they didn't move the clocks back in fall.   # - # From Mathew Englander <mathew@io.org>, quoting AP (1996-10-23 13:05-04): + # From Mathew Englander, quoting AP (1996-10-23 13:05-04):   # Instead of putting back clocks at the end of October, Georgia   # will stay on daylight savings time this winter to save energy,   # President Eduard Shevardnadze decreed Wednesday. -  + # + # From the BBC via Joseph S. Myers (2004-06-27): + # + # Georgia moved closer to Western Europe on Sunday... The former Soviet + # republic has changed its time zone back to that of Moscow. As a result it + # is now just four hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time, rather than five hours + # ahead. The switch was decreed by the pro-Western president of Georgia, + # Mikhail Saakashvili, who said the change was partly prompted by the process + # of integration into Europe. +  + # From Teimuraz Abashidze (2005-11-07): + # Government of Georgia ... decided to NOT CHANGE daylight savings time on + # [Oct.] 30, as it was done before during last more than 10 years. + # Currently, we are in fact GMT +4:00, as before 30 October it was GMT + # +3:00.... The problem is, there is NO FORMAL LAW or governmental document + # about it. As far as I can find, I was told, that there is no document, + # because we just DIDN'T ISSUE document about switching to winter time.... + # I don't know what can be done, especially knowing that some years ago our + # DST rules where changed THREE TIMES during one month. +  +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Tbilisi 2:59:16 - LMT 1880    2:59:16 - TBMT 1924 May 2 # Tbilisi Mean Time    3:00 - TBIT 1957 Mar # Tbilisi Time    4:00 RussiaAsia TBI%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    3:00 1:00 TBIST 1991 Apr 9 # independence    3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT 1992 # Georgia Time    3:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1994 Sep lastSun    4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1996 Oct lastSun    4:00 1:00 GEST 1997 Mar lastSun -  4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT +  4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 2004 Jun 27 +  3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT 2005 Mar lastSun 2:00 +  4:00 - GET      # East Timor    -  + # See Indonesia for the 1945 transition. +    # From Joao Carrascalao, brother of the former governor of East Timor, in   # <a href="http://etan.org/et99c/december/26-31/30ETMAY.htm">   # East Timor may be late for its millennium   # </a> (1999-12-26/31):   # Portugal tried to change the time forward in 1974 because the sun   # rises too early but the suggestion raised a lot of problems with the   # Timorese and I still don't think it would work today because it   # conflicts with their way of life.      # From Paul Eggert (2000-12-04):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:347:   # <a href="http://www.hri.org/news/world/undh/last/00-08-16.undh.html">   # From Manoel de Almeida e Silva, Deputy Spokesman for the UN Secretary-General   # (2000-08-16)</a>:   # The Cabinet of the East Timor Transition Administration decided   # today to advance East Timor's time by one hour. The time change,   # which will be permanent, with no seasonal adjustment, will happen at   # midnight on Saturday, September 16.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912 -  8:00 - TPT 1942 Feb 21 23:00 # E Timor Time -  9:00 - JST 1945 Aug -  9:00 - TPT 1976 May 3 -  8:00 - TPT 2000 Sep 17 00:00 -  9:00 - TPT +  8:00 - TLT 1942 Feb 21 23:00 # E Timor Time +  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23 +  9:00 - TLT 1976 May 3 +  8:00 - WITA 2000 Sep 17 00:00 +  9:00 - TLT      # India   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Calcutta 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 + Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata    5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time?    6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time    5:30 - IST 1942 Sep    5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15    5:30 - IST - # The following are like Asia/Calcutta: + # The following are like Asia/Kolkata:   # Andaman Is   # Lakshadweep (Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Is)   # Nicobar Is      # Indonesia -  + # + # From Gwillim Law (2001-05-28), overriding Shanks & Pottenger: + # <http://www.sumatera-inc.com/go_to_invest/about_indonesia.asp#standtime> + # says that Indonesia's time zones changed on 1988-01-01. Looking at some + # time zone maps, I think that must refer to Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat + # and Kalimantan Tengah) switching from UTC+8 to UTC+7. + # + # From Paul Eggert (2007-03-10): + # Here is another correction to Shanks & Pottenger. + # JohnTWB writes that Japanese forces did not surrender control in + # Indonesia until 1945-09-01 00:00 at the earliest (in Jakarta) and + # other formal surrender ceremonies were September 9, 11, and 13, plus + # September 12 for the regional surrender to Mountbatten in Singapore. + # These would be the earliest possible times for a change. + # Regimes horaires pour le monde entier, by Henri Le Corre, (Editions + # Traditionnelles, 1987, Paris) says that Java and Madura switched + # from JST to UTC+07:30 on 1945-09-23, and gives 1944-09-01 for Jayapura + # (Hollandia). For now, assume all Indonesian locations other than Jayapura + # switched on 1945-09-23. + # + # From Paul Eggert (2013-08-11): + # Normally the tz database uses English-language abbreviations, but in + # Indonesia it's typical to use Indonesian-language abbreviations even + # when writing in English. For example, see the English-language + # summary published by the Time and Frequency Laboratory of the + # Research Center for Calibration, Instrumentation and Metrology, + # Indonesia, <http://time.kim.lipi.go.id/time-eng.php> (2006-09-29). + # The abbreviations are: + # + # WIB - UTC+7 - Waktu Indonesia Barat (Indonesia western time) + # WITA - UTC+8 - Waktu Indonesia Tengah (Indonesia central time) + # WIT - UTC+9 - Waktu Indonesia Timur (Indonesia eastern time) + #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] -  + # Java, Sumatra   Zone Asia/Jakarta 7:07:12 - LMT 1867 Aug 10 - # Shanks says the next transition was at 1924 Jan 1 0:13, + # Shanks & Pottenger say the next transition was at 1924 Jan 1 0:13,   # but this must be a typo. -  7:07:12 - JMT 1923 Dec 31 23:47:12 # Jakarta +  7:07:12 - BMT 1923 Dec 31 23:47:12 # Batavia    7:20 - JAVT 1932 Nov # Java Time -  7:30 - JAVT 1942 Mar 23 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Aug -  7:30 - JAVT 1948 May -  8:00 - JAVT 1950 May -  7:30 - JAVT 1964 -  7:00 - JAVT - Zone Asia/Ujung_Pandang 7:57:36 - LMT 1920 +  7:30 - WIB 1942 Mar 23 +  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23 +  7:30 - WIB 1948 May +  8:00 - WIB 1950 May +  7:30 - WIB 1964 +  7:00 - WIB + # west and central Borneo + Zone Asia/Pontianak 7:17:20 - LMT 1908 May +  7:17:20 - PMT 1932 Nov # Pontianak MT +  7:30 - WIB 1942 Jan 29 +  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23 +  7:30 - WIB 1948 May +  8:00 - WIB 1950 May +  7:30 - WIB 1964 +  8:00 - WITA 1988 Jan 1 +  7:00 - WIB + # Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, east and south Borneo + Zone Asia/Makassar 7:57:36 - LMT 1920    7:57:36 - MMT 1932 Nov # Macassar MT -  8:00 - BORT 1942 Feb 9 # Borneo Time -  9:00 - JST 1945 Aug -  8:00 - BORT +  8:00 - WITA 1942 Feb 9 +  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23 +  8:00 - WITA + # Maluku Islands, West Papua, Papua   Zone Asia/Jayapura 9:22:48 - LMT 1932 Nov -  9:00 - JAYT 1944 # Jayapura Time +  9:00 - WIT 1944 Sep 1    9:30 - CST 1964 -  9:00 - JAYT +  9:00 - WIT      # Iran - # From Paul Eggert (2000-06-12), following up a suggestion by Rich Wales: - # Ahmea Alavi in - # <a href="http://www.persia.org/Iran_Lib/Calendar/taghveem.txt"> - # TAGHVEEM (1993-07-12) - # </a> - # writes ``Daylight saving time in Iran starts from the first day - # of Farvardin and ends the first day of Mehr.'' This disagrees with the SSIM: +  + # From Roozbeh Pournader (2003-03-15): + # This is an English translation of what I just found (originally in Persian). + # The Gregorian dates in brackets are mine:   # - # DST start DST end - # year SSIM Alavi SSIM Alavi - # 1991 05-03!= 03-21 09-20!= 09-23 - # 1992 03-22!= 03-21 09-23 09-23 - # 1993 03-21 03-21 09-23 09-23 - # 1994 03-21 03-21 09-22!= 09-23 - # 1995 03-21 03-21 09-22!= 09-23 - # 1996 03-21!= 03-20 09-22 09-22 - # 1997 03-22!= 03-21 09-22!= 09-23 - # 1998 03-21 03-21 09-21!= 09-23 - # 1999 03-22!= 03-21 09-22!= 09-23 - # 2000 03-21!= 03-20 09-21!= 09-22 - # 2001 03-19!= 03-21 09-19!= 09-23 - # 2002 03-18!= 03-21 09-18!= 09-23 + # Official Newspaper No. 13548-1370/6/25 [1991-09-16] + # No. 16760/T233 H 1370/6/10 [1991-09-01]   # - # Go with Alavi starting with 1992. - # I used Ed Reingold's cal-persia in GNU Emacs 19.34 to compute Persian dates. - # The Persian calendar is based on the sun, and dates after around 2050 - # are approximate; stop after 2037 when 32-bit time_t's overflow. + # The Rule About Change of the Official Time of the Country   # -  + # The Board of Ministers, in the meeting dated 1370/5/23 [1991-08-14], + # based on the suggestion number 2221/D dated 1370/4/22 [1991-07-13] + # of the Country's Organization for Official and Employment Affairs, + # and referring to the law for equating the working hours of workers + # and officers in the whole country dated 1359/4/23 [1980-07-14], and + # for synchronizing the official times of the country, agreed that: + # + # The official time of the country will should move forward one hour + # at the 24[:00] hours of the first day of Farvardin and should return + # to its previous state at the 24[:00] hours of the 30th day of + # Shahrivar. + # + # First Deputy to the President - Hassan Habibi + # + # From personal experience, that agrees with what has been followed + # for at least the last 5 years. Before that, for a few years, the + # date used was the first Thursday night of Farvardin and the last + # Thursday night of Shahrivar, but I can't give exact dates.... + # I have also changed the abbreviations to what is considered correct + # here in Iran, IRST for regular time and IRDT for daylight saving time. + # + # From Roozbeh Pournader (2005-04-05): + # The text of the Iranian law, in effect since 1925, clearly mentions + # that the true solar year is the measure, and there is no arithmetic + # leap year calculation involved. There has never been any serious + # plan to change that law.... + # + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # Go with Shanks & Pottenger before Sept. 1991, and with Pournader thereafter. + # I used Ed Reingold's cal-persia in GNU Emacs 21.2 to check Persian dates, + # stopping after 2037 when 32-bit time_t's overflow. + # That cal-persia used Birashk's approximation, which disagrees with the solar + # calendar predictions for the year 2025, so I corrected those dates by hand. + # + # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-03-30), writing about future + # discrepancies between cal-persia and the Iranian calendar: + # For 2091 solar-longitude-after yields 2091-03-20 08:40:07.7 UT for + # the vernal equinox and that gets so close to 12:00 some local + # Iranian time that the definition of the correct location needs to be + # known exactly, amongst other factors. 2157 is even closer: + # 2157-03-20 08:37:15.5 UT. But the Gregorian year 2025 should give + # no interpretation problem whatsoever. By the way, another instant + # in the near future where there will be a discrepancy between + # arithmetical and astronomical Iranian calendars will be in 2058: + # vernal equinox on 2058-03-20 09:03:05.9 UT. The Java version of + # Reingold's/Dershowitz' calculator gives correctly the Gregorian date + # 2058-03-21 for 1 Farvardin 1437 (astronomical). + # + # From Steffen Thorsen (2006-03-22): + # Several of my users have reported that Iran will not observe DST anymore: + # http://www.irna.ir/en/news/view/line-17/0603193812164948.htm + # + # From Reuters (2007-09-16), with a heads-up from Jesper Norgaard Welen: + # ... the Guardian Council ... approved a law on Sunday to re-introduce + # daylight saving time ... + # http://uk.reuters.com/article/oilRpt/idUKBLA65048420070916 + # + # From Roozbeh Pournader (2007-11-05): + # This is quoted from Official Gazette of the Islamic Republic of + # Iran, Volume 63, Number 18242, dated Tuesday 1386/6/24 + # [2007-10-16]. I am doing the best translation I can:... + # The official time of the country will be moved forward for one hour + # on the 24 hours of the first day of the month of Farvardin and will + # be changed back to its previous state on the 24 hours of the + # thirtieth day of Shahrivar. + #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Iran 1978 1980 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 1978 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 1979 only - Sep 19 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 1980 only - Sep 23 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 1991 only - May 3 0:00s 1:00 S - Rule Iran 1991 only - Sep 20 0:00s 0 - - Rule Iran 1992 1995 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 1992 1995 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 1996 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 1996 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2000 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2000 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2004 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2004 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2005 2007 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2005 2007 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2008 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2008 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2012 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2012 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2016 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2016 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2020 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2020 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2024 2025 - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2024 2025 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2026 2027 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2026 2027 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Sep 23 0:00 0 - - Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Iran 1978 1980 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 1978 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 1979 only - Sep 19 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 1980 only - Sep 23 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 1991 only - May 3 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 1992 1995 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 1991 1995 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 1996 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 1996 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2000 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2000 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2004 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2004 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2005 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2005 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2008 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2008 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2012 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2012 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2016 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2016 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2020 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2020 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2024 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2024 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2025 2027 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2025 2027 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S + Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Tehran 3:25:44 - LMT 1916    3:25:44 - TMT 1946 # Tehran Mean Time -  3:30 - IRT 1977 Nov +  3:30 - IRST 1977 Nov    4:00 Iran IR%sT 1979    3:30 Iran IR%sT         # Iraq   # - # From Jonathan Lennox <lennox@cs.columbia.edu> (2000-06-12): + # From Jonathan Lennox (2000-06-12):   # An article in this week's Economist ("Inside the Saddam-free zone", p. 50 in   # the U.S. edition) on the Iraqi Kurds contains a paragraph:   # "The three northern provinces ... switched their clocks this spring and   # are an hour ahead of Baghdad."   #   # But Rives McDow (2000-06-18) quotes a contact in Iraqi-Kurdistan as follows:   # In the past, some Kurdish nationalists, as a protest to the Iraqi   # Government, did not adhere to daylight saving time. They referred   # to daylight saving as Saddam time. But, as of today, the time zone   # in Iraqi-Kurdistan is on standard time with Baghdad, Iraq.   #   # So we'll ignore the Economist's claim.    -  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-03-10): + # The cabinet in Iraq abolished DST last week, according to the following + # news sources (in Arabic): + # <a href="http://www.aljeeran.net/wesima_articles/news-20080305-98602.html"> + # http://www.aljeeran.net/wesima_articles/news-20080305-98602.html + # </a> + # <a href="http://www.aswataliraq.info/look/article.tpl?id=2047&IdLanguage=17&IdPublication=4&NrArticle=71743&NrIssue=1&NrSection=10"> + # http://www.aswataliraq.info/look/article.tpl?id=2047&IdLanguage=17&IdPublication=4&NrArticle=71743&NrIssue=1&NrSection=10 + # </a> + # + # We have published a short article in English about the change: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/iraq-dumps-daylight-saving.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/iraq-dumps-daylight-saving.html + # </a> +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Iraq 1982 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Iraq 1982 1984 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S   Rule Iraq 1983 only - Mar 31 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Iraq 1984 1985 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Iraq 1985 1990 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 S   Rule Iraq 1986 1990 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 D   # IATA SSIM (1991/1996) says Apr 1 12:01am UTC; guess the `:01' is a typo. - # Shanks says Iraq did not observe DST 1992/1997 or 1999 on; ignore this. - Rule Iraq 1991 max - Apr 1 3:00s 1:00 D - Rule Iraq 1991 max - Oct 1 3:00s 0 S + # Shanks & Pottenger say Iraq did not observe DST 1992/1997; ignore this. + # + Rule Iraq 1991 2007 - Apr 1 3:00s 1:00 D + Rule Iraq 1991 2007 - Oct 1 3:00s 0 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Baghdad 2:57:40 - LMT 1890    2:57:36 - BMT 1918 # Baghdad Mean Time?    3:00 - AST 1982 May    3:00 Iraq A%sT         ###############################################################################      # Israel    - # From U. S. Naval Observatory (1989-01-19): - # ISRAEL 2 H AHEAD OF UTC - # ISRAEL 3 H AHEAD OF UTC APR 10 - SEP 3 + # From Ephraim Silverberg (2001-01-11): + # + # I coined "IST/IDT" circa 1988. Until then there were three + # different abbreviations in use: + # + # JST Jerusalem Standard Time [Danny Braniss, Hebrew University] + # IZT Israel Zonal (sic) Time [Prof. Haim Papo, Technion] + # EEST Eastern Europe Standard Time [used by almost everyone else] + # + # Since timezones should be called by country and not capital cities, + # I ruled out JST. As Israel is in Asia Minor and not Eastern Europe, + # EEST was equally unacceptable. Since "zonal" was not compatible with + # any other timezone abbreviation, I felt that 'IST' was the way to go + # and, indeed, it has received almost universal acceptance in timezone + # settings in Israeli computers. + # + # In any case, I am happy to share timezone abbreviations with India, + # high on my favorite-country list (and not only because my wife's + # family is from India).    - # From Shanks: + # From Shanks & Pottenger:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Zion 1940 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1942 1944 - Nov 1 0:00 0 S   Rule Zion 1943 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1944 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1945 only - Nov 1 2:00 0 S   Rule Zion 1946 only - Apr 16 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1946 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 S   Rule Zion 1948 only - May 23 0:00 2:00 DD
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:559:   Rule Zion 1974 only - Jul 7 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1974 only - Oct 13 0:00 0 S   Rule Zion 1975 only - Apr 20 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1975 only - Aug 31 0:00 0 S   Rule Zion 1985 only - Apr 14 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1985 only - Sep 15 0:00 0 S   Rule Zion 1986 only - May 18 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1986 only - Sep 7 0:00 0 S   Rule Zion 1987 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1987 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S - Rule Zion 1988 only - Apr 9 0:00 1:00 D - Rule Zion 1988 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S +     - # From Ephraim Silverberg <ephraim@cs.huji.ac.il> - # (1997-03-04, 1998-03-16, 1998-12-28, 2000-01-17 and 2000-07-25): + # From Avigdor Finkelstein (2014-03-05): + # I check the Parliament (Knesset) records and there it's stated that the + # [1988] transition should take place on Saturday night, when the Sabbath + # ends and changes to Sunday. + Rule Zion 1988 only - Apr 10 0:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 1988 only - Sep 4 0:00 0 S    -  + # From Ephraim Silverberg + # (1997-03-04, 1998-03-16, 1998-12-28, 2000-01-17, 2000-07-25, 2004-12-22, + # and 2005-02-17): +    # According to the Office of the Secretary General of the Ministry of   # Interior, there is NO set rule for Daylight-Savings/Standard time changes.   # One thing is entrenched in law, however: that there must be at least 150   # days of daylight savings time annually. From 1993-1998, the change to   # daylight savings time was on a Friday morning from midnight IST to   # 1 a.m IDT; up until 1998, the change back to standard time was on a   # Saturday night from midnight daylight savings time to 11 p.m. standard   # time. 1996 is an exception to this rule where the change back to standard   # time took place on Sunday night instead of Saturday night to avoid   # conflicts with the Jewish New Year. In 1999, the change to
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:604:   Rule Zion 1991 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 S   Rule Zion 1992 only - Mar 29 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1992 only - Sep 6 0:00 0 S   Rule Zion 1993 only - Apr 2 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1993 only - Sep 5 0:00 0 S      # The dates for 1994-1995 were obtained from Office of the Spokeswoman for the   # Ministry of Interior, Jerusalem, Israel. The spokeswoman can be reached by   # calling the office directly at 972-2-6701447 or 972-2-6701448.    - # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Zion 1994 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1994 only - Aug 28 0:00 0 S   Rule Zion 1995 only - Mar 31 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1995 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S      # The dates for 1996 were determined by the Minister of Interior of the   # time, Haim Ramon. The official announcement regarding 1996-1998   # (with the dates for 1997-1998 no longer being relevant) can be viewed at:   # - # ftp://ftp.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/1996-1998.ramon.ps.gz + # ftp://ftp.cs.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/1996-1998.ramon.ps.gz   #   # The dates for 1997-1998 were altered by his successor, Rabbi Eli Suissa.   #   # The official announcements for the years 1997-1999 can be viewed at:   # - # ftp://ftp.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/YYYY.ps.gz + # ftp://ftp.cs.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/YYYY.ps.gz   #   # where YYYY is the relevant year.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Zion 1996 only - Mar 15 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1996 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 S   Rule Zion 1997 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1997 only - Sep 14 0:00 0 S   Rule Zion 1998 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1998 only - Sep 6 0:00 0 S   Rule Zion 1999 only - Apr 2 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 1999 only - Sep 3 2:00 0 S      # The Knesset Interior Committee has changed the dates for 2000 for   # the third time in just over a year and have set new dates for the   # years 2001-2004 as well.   #   # The official announcement for the start date of 2000 can be viewed at:   # - # ftp://ftp.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/2000-start.ps.gz + # ftp://ftp.cs.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/2000-start.ps.gz   #   # The official announcement for the end date of 2000 and the dates   # for the years 2001-2004 can be viewed at:   # - # ftp://ftp.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/2000-2004.ps.gz + # ftp://ftp.cs.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/2000-2004.ps.gz      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Zion 2000 only - Apr 14 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 2000 only - Oct 6 1:00 0 S   Rule Zion 2001 only - Apr 9 1:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 2001 only - Sep 24 1:00 0 S   Rule Zion 2002 only - Mar 29 1:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 2002 only - Oct 7 1:00 0 S   Rule Zion 2003 only - Mar 28 1:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 2003 only - Oct 3 1:00 0 S   Rule Zion 2004 only - Apr 7 1:00 1:00 D   Rule Zion 2004 only - Sep 22 1:00 0 S    - # From Paul Eggert (2000-07-25): - # Here are guesses for rules after 2004. - # They are probably wrong, but they are more likely than no DST at all. - # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Zion 2005 max - Apr 1 1:00 1:00 D - Rule Zion 2005 max - Oct 1 1:00 0 S + # The proposed law agreed upon by the Knesset Interior Committee on + # 2005-02-14 is that, for 2005 and beyond, DST starts at 02:00 the + # last Friday before April 2nd (i.e. the last Friday in March or April + # 1st itself if it falls on a Friday) and ends at 02:00 on the Saturday + # night _before_ the fast of Yom Kippur. + # + # Those who can read Hebrew can view the announcement at: + # + # ftp://ftp.cs.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/2005+beyond.ps    -  + # From Paul Eggert (2012-10-26): + # I used Ephraim Silverberg's dst-israel.el program + # <ftp://ftp.cs.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/software/dst-israel.el> (2005-02-20) + # along with Ed Reingold's cal-hebrew in GNU Emacs 21.4, + # to generate the transitions from 2005 through 2012. + # (I replaced "lastFri" with "Fri>=26" by hand.) + # The spring transitions all correspond to the following Rule: + # + # Rule Zion 2005 2012 - Mar Fri>=26 2:00 1:00 D + # + # but older zic implementations (e.g., Solaris 8) do not support + # "Fri>=26" to mean April 1 in years like 2005, so for now we list the + # springtime transitions explicitly. +  + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Zion 2005 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 2005 only - Oct 9 2:00 0 S + Rule Zion 2006 2010 - Mar Fri>=26 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 2006 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 S + Rule Zion 2007 only - Sep 16 2:00 0 S + Rule Zion 2008 only - Oct 5 2:00 0 S + Rule Zion 2009 only - Sep 27 2:00 0 S + Rule Zion 2010 only - Sep 12 2:00 0 S + Rule Zion 2011 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 2011 only - Oct 2 2:00 0 S + Rule Zion 2012 only - Mar Fri>=26 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 2012 only - Sep 23 2:00 0 S +  + # From Ephraim Silverberg (2013-06-27): + # On June 23, 2013, the Israeli government approved changes to the + # Time Decree Law. The next day, the changes passed the First Reading + # in the Knesset. The law is expected to pass the Second and Third + # (final) Readings by the beginning of September 2013. + # + # As of 2013, DST starts at 02:00 on the Friday before the last Sunday + # in March. DST ends at 02:00 on the last Sunday of October. +  + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Zion 2013 max - Mar Fri>=23 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Zion 2013 max - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Jerusalem 2:20:56 - LMT 1880 + Zone Asia/Jerusalem 2:20:54 - LMT 1880    2:20:40 - JMT 1918 # Jerusalem Mean Time?    2:00 Zion I%sT       -  +    ###############################################################################      # Japan      # `9:00' and `JST' is from Guy Harris.    - # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1995-03-06): + # From Paul Eggert (1995-03-06):   # Today's _Asahi Evening News_ (page 4) reports that Japan had   # daylight saving between 1948 and 1951, but ``the system was discontinued   # because the public believed it would lead to longer working hours.'' - # Shanks writes that daylight saving in Japan during those years was as follows: +  + # From Mayumi Negishi in the 2005-08-10 Japan Times + # <http://www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/getarticle.pl5?nn20050810f2.htm>: + # Occupation authorities imposed daylight-saving time on Japan on + # [1948-05-01].... But lack of prior debate and the execution of + # daylight-saving time just three days after the bill was passed generated + # deep hatred of the concept.... The Diet unceremoniously passed a bill to + # dump the unpopular system in October 1951, less than a month after the San + # Francisco Peace Treaty was signed. (A government poll in 1951 showed 53% + # of the Japanese wanted to scrap daylight-saving time, as opposed to 30% who + # wanted to keep it.) +  + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # Shanks & Pottenger write that DST in Japan during those years was as follows:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - #Rule Japan 1948 only - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D - #Rule Japan 1948 1951 - Sep Sat>=8 2:00 0 S - #Rule Japan 1949 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D - #Rule Japan 1950 1951 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D - # but the only locations using it were US military bases. - # We go with Shanks and omit daylight saving in those years for Asia/Tokyo. + Rule Japan 1948 only - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Japan 1948 1951 - Sep Sat>=8 2:00 0 S + Rule Japan 1949 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Japan 1950 1951 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D + # but the only locations using it (for birth certificates, presumably, since + # their audience is astrologers) were US military bases. For now, assume + # that for most purposes daylight-saving time was observed; otherwise, what + # would have been the point of the 1951 poll?      # From Hideyuki Suzuki (1998-11-09):   # 'Tokyo' usually stands for the former location of Tokyo Astronomical   # Observatory: E 139 44' 40".90 (9h 18m 58s.727), N 35 39' 16".0.   # This data is from 'Rika Nenpyou (Chronological Scientific Tables) 1996'   # edited by National Astronomical Observatory of Japan....   # JST (Japan Standard Time) has been used since 1888-01-01 00:00 (JST).   # The law is enacted on 1886-07-07.      # From Hideyuki Suzuki (1998-11-16):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:712:   # In the ordinance No. 167 (1895), "standard time" was renamed to "central   # standard time". And the same ordinance also established "western standard   # time", which stands for the time on E 120 degree.... But "western standard   # time" was abolished in the ordinance No. 529 (1937). In the ordinance No.   # 167, there is no mention regarding for what place western standard time is   # standard....   #   # I wrote "ordinance" above, but I don't know how to translate.   # In Japanese it's "chokurei", which means ordinance from emperor.    - # Shanks claims JST in use since 1896, and that a few places (e.g. Ishigaki) - # use +0800; go with Suzuki. Guess that all ordinances took effect on Jan 1. + # Shanks & Pottenger claim JST in use since 1896, and that a few + # places (e.g. Ishigaki) use +0800; go with Suzuki. Guess that all + # ordinances took effect on Jan 1.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Tokyo 9:18:59 - LMT 1887 Dec 31 15:00u    9:00 - JST 1896    9:00 - CJT 1938 -  9:00 - JST +  9:00 Japan J%sT   # Since 1938, all Japanese possessions have been like Asia/Tokyo.      # Jordan   #   # From <a href="http://star.arabia.com/990701/JO9.html">   # Jordan Week (1999-07-01) </a> via Steffen Thorsen (1999-09-09):   # Clocks in Jordan were forwarded one hour on Wednesday at midnight,   # in accordance with the government's decision to implement summer time   # all year round.   #   # From <a href="http://star.arabia.com/990930/JO9.html">   # Jordan Week (1999-09-30) </a> via Steffen Thorsen (1999-11-09):   # Winter time starts today Thursday, 30 September. Clocks will be turned back   # by one hour. This is the latest government decision and it's final!   # The decision was taken because of the increase in working hours in   # government's departments from six to seven hours.   # -  + # From Paul Eggert (2005-11-22): + # Starting 2003 transitions are from Steffen Thorsen's web site timeanddate.com. + # + # From Steffen Thorsen (2005-11-23): + # For Jordan I have received multiple independent user reports every year + # about DST end dates, as the end-rule is different every year. + # + # From Steffen Thorsen (2006-10-01), after a heads-up from Hilal Malawi: + # http://www.petranews.gov.jo/nepras/2006/Sep/05/4000.htm + # "Jordan will switch to winter time on Friday, October 27". + # +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-04-02): + # This single one might be good enough, (2009-03-24, Arabic): + # <a href="http://petra.gov.jo/Artical.aspx?Lng=2&Section=8&Artical=95279"> + # http://petra.gov.jo/Artical.aspx?Lng=2&Section=8&Artical=95279 + # </a> + # + # Google's translation: + # + # > The Council of Ministers decided in 2002 to adopt the principle of timely + # > submission of the summer at 60 minutes as of midnight on the last Thursday + # > of the month of March of each year. + # + # So - this means the midnight between Thursday and Friday since 2002. +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-06): + # We still have Jordan switching to DST on Thursdays in 2000 and 2001. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2012-10-25): + # Yesterday the government in Jordan announced that they will not + # switch back to standard time this winter, so the will stay on DST + # until about the same time next year (at least). + # http://www.petra.gov.jo/Public_News/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?NewsID=88950 +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-12-11): + # Jordan Times and other sources say that Jordan is going back to + # UTC+2 on 2013-12-19 at midnight: + # http://jordantimes.com/govt-decides-to-switch-back-to-wintertime + # Official, in Arabic: + # http://www.petra.gov.jo/public_news/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?Menu_ID=&Site_Id=2&lang=1&NewsID=133230&CatID=14 + # ... Our background/permalink about it + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/jordan-reverses-dst-decision.html + # ... + # http://www.petra.gov.jo/Public_News/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?lang=2&site_id=1&NewsID=133313&Type=P + # ... says midnight for the coming one and 1:00 for the ones in the future + # (and they will use DST again next year, using the normal schedule). +  + # From Paul Eggert (2013-12-11): + # As Steffen suggested, consider the past 21-month experiment to be DST. +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Jordan 1973 only - Jun 6 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Jordan 1973 1975 - Oct 1 0:00 0 - - Rule Jordan 1974 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Jordan 1976 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 - - Rule Jordan 1977 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 - - Rule Jordan 1978 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Jordan 1978 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 - - Rule Jordan 1985 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Jordan 1985 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 - - Rule Jordan 1986 1988 - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Jordan 1986 1990 - Oct Fri>=1 0:00 0 - - Rule Jordan 1989 only - May 8 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Jordan 1990 only - Apr 27 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Jordan 1991 only - Apr 17 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Jordan 1991 only - Sep 27 0:00 0 - - Rule Jordan 1992 only - Apr 10 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Jordan 1992 1993 - Oct Fri>=1 0:00 0 - - Rule Jordan 1993 1998 - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Jordan 1994 only - Sep Fri>=15 0:00 0 - - Rule Jordan 1995 1998 - Sep Fri>=15 0:00s 0 - + Rule Jordan 1973 only - Jun 6 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1973 1975 - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1974 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1976 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1977 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1978 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1978 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1985 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1985 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1986 1988 - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1986 1990 - Oct Fri>=1 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1989 only - May 8 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1990 only - Apr 27 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1991 only - Apr 17 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1991 only - Sep 27 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1992 only - Apr 10 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1992 1993 - Oct Fri>=1 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1993 1998 - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1994 only - Sep Fri>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 1995 1998 - Sep Fri>=15 0:00s 0 -   Rule Jordan 1999 only - Jul 1 0:00s 1:00 S - Rule Jordan 1999 max - Sep lastThu 0:00s 0 - - Rule Jordan 2000 max - Mar lastThu 0:00s 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 1999 2002 - Sep lastFri 0:00s 0 - + Rule Jordan 2000 2001 - Mar lastThu 0:00s 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 2002 2012 - Mar lastThu 24:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 2003 only - Oct 24 0:00s 0 - + Rule Jordan 2004 only - Oct 15 0:00s 0 - + Rule Jordan 2005 only - Sep lastFri 0:00s 0 - + Rule Jordan 2006 2011 - Oct lastFri 0:00s 0 - + Rule Jordan 2013 only - Dec 20 0:00 0 - + Rule Jordan 2014 max - Mar lastThu 24:00 1:00 S + Rule Jordan 2014 max - Oct lastFri 0:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Amman 2:23:44 - LMT 1931    2:00 Jordan EE%sT    -  +    # Kazakhstan -  +    # From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22): - # Andrew Evtichov <evti@chevron.com> (1996-04-13) writes that Kazakhstan + # Andrew Evtichov (1996-04-13) writes that Kazakhstan   # stayed in sync with Moscow after 1990, and that Aqtobe (formerly Aktyubinsk)   # and Aqtau (formerly Shevchenko) are the largest cities in their zones.   # Guess that Aqtau and Aqtobe diverged in 1995, since that's the first time   # IATA SSIM mentions a third time zone in Kazakhstan. -  +  + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # German Iofis, ELSI, Almaty (2001-10-09) reports that Kazakhstan uses + # RussiaAsia rules, instead of switching at 00:00 as the IATA has it. + # Go with Shanks & Pottenger, who have them always using RussiaAsia rules. + # Also go with the following claims of Shanks & Pottenger:   # -  + # - Kazakhstan did not observe DST in 1991. + # - Qyzylorda switched from +5:00 to +6:00 on 1992-01-19 02:00. + # - Oral switched from +5:00 to +4:00 in spring 1989. +  + # <a href="http://www.kazsociety.org.uk/news/2005/03/30.htm"> + # From Kazakhstan Embassy's News Bulletin #11 (2005-03-21): + # </a> + # The Government of Kazakhstan passed a resolution March 15 abolishing + # daylight saving time citing lack of economic benefits and health + # complications coupled with a decrease in productivity. + # + # From Branislav Kojic (in Astana) via Gwillim Law (2005-06-28): + # ... what happened was that the former Kazakhstan Eastern time zone + # was "blended" with the Central zone. Therefore, Kazakhstan now has + # two time zones, and difference between them is one hour. The zone + # closer to UTC is the former Western zone (probably still called the + # same), encompassing four provinces in the west: Aqtobe, Atyrau, + # Mangghystau, and West Kazakhstan. The other zone encompasses + # everything else.... I guess that would make Kazakhstan time zones + # de jure UTC+5 and UTC+6 respectively. +  + #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] -  + # + # Almaty (formerly Alma-Ata), representing most locations in Kazakhstan   Zone Asia/Almaty 5:07:48 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Alma-Ata -  5:00 - ALMT 1957 Mar # Alma-Ata Time -  6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  5:00 1:00 ALMST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s -  5:00 - ALMT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  6:00 E-EurAsia ALM%sT +  5:00 - ALMT 1930 Jun 21 # Alma-Ata Time +  6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT 1991 +  6:00 - ALMT 1992 +  6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT 2005 Mar 15 +  6:00 - ALMT + # Qyzylorda (aka Kyzylorda, Kizilorda, Kzyl-Orda, etc.) + Zone Asia/Qyzylorda 4:21:52 - LMT 1924 May 2 +  4:00 - KIZT 1930 Jun 21 # Kizilorda Time +  5:00 - KIZT 1981 Apr 1 +  5:00 1:00 KIZST 1981 Oct 1 +  6:00 - KIZT 1982 Apr 1 +  5:00 RussiaAsia KIZ%sT 1991 +  5:00 - KIZT 1991 Dec 16 # independence +  5:00 - QYZT 1992 Jan 19 2:00 +  6:00 RussiaAsia QYZ%sT 2005 Mar 15 +  6:00 - QYZT + # Aqtobe (aka Aktobe, formerly Akt'ubinsk)   Zone Asia/Aqtobe 3:48:40 - LMT 1924 May 2 -  4:00 - AKT 1957 Mar # Aktyubinsk Time -  5:00 RussiaAsia AK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  4:00 1:00 AKTST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s -  4:00 - AQTT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s # Aqtobe Time -  5:00 E-EurAsia AQT%sT - Zone Asia/Aqtau 3:21:04 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Aktau -  4:00 - SHET 1957 Mar # Fort Shevchenko Time -  5:00 RussiaAsia SHE%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  4:00 1:00 AQTST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s -  4:00 - AQTT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s # Aqtau Time -  5:00 E-EurAsia AQT%sT 1995 Sep lastSun -  4:00 E-EurAsia AQT%sT +  4:00 - AKTT 1930 Jun 21 # Aktyubinsk Time +  5:00 - AKTT 1981 Apr 1 +  5:00 1:00 AKTST 1981 Oct 1 +  6:00 - AKTT 1982 Apr 1 +  5:00 RussiaAsia AKT%sT 1991 +  5:00 - AKTT 1991 Dec 16 # independence +  5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 2005 Mar 15 # Aqtobe Time +  5:00 - AQTT + # Mangghystau + # Aqtau was not founded until 1963, but it represents an inhabited region, + # so include time stamps before 1963. + Zone Asia/Aqtau 3:21:04 - LMT 1924 May 2 +  4:00 - FORT 1930 Jun 21 # Fort Shevchenko T +  5:00 - FORT 1963 +  5:00 - SHET 1981 Oct 1 # Shevchenko Time +  6:00 - SHET 1982 Apr 1 +  5:00 RussiaAsia SHE%sT 1991 +  5:00 - SHET 1991 Dec 16 # independence +  5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 1995 Mar lastSun 2:00 # Aqtau Time +  4:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 2005 Mar 15 +  5:00 - AQTT + # West Kazakhstan + Zone Asia/Oral 3:25:24 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ural'sk +  4:00 - URAT 1930 Jun 21 # Ural'sk time +  5:00 - URAT 1981 Apr 1 +  5:00 1:00 URAST 1981 Oct 1 +  6:00 - URAT 1982 Apr 1 +  5:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00 +  4:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT 1991 +  4:00 - URAT 1991 Dec 16 # independence +  4:00 RussiaAsia ORA%sT 2005 Mar 15 # Oral Time +  5:00 - ORAT      # Kyrgyzstan (Kirgizstan) - # Transitions through 1991 are from Shanks. + # Transitions through 1991 are from Shanks & Pottenger. +  + # From Paul Eggert (2005-08-15): + # According to an article dated today in the Kyrgyzstan Development Gateway + # <http://eng.gateway.kg/cgi-bin/page.pl?id=1&story_name=doc9979.shtml> + # Kyrgyzstan is canceling the daylight saving time system. I take the article + # to mean that they will leave their clocks at 6 hours ahead of UTC. + # From Malik Abdugaliev (2005-09-21): + # Our government cancels daylight saving time 6th of August 2005. + # From 2005-08-12 our GMT-offset is +6, w/o any daylight saving. +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Kirgiz 1992 1996 - Apr Sun>=7 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Kirgiz 1992 1996 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 - - Rule Kirgiz 1997 max - Mar lastSun 2:30 1:00 S - Rule Kirgiz 1997 max - Oct lastSun 2:30 0 - + Rule Kyrgyz 1992 1996 - Apr Sun>=7 0:00s 1:00 S + Rule Kyrgyz 1992 1996 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 - + Rule Kyrgyz 1997 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:30 1:00 S + Rule Kyrgyz 1997 2004 - Oct lastSun 2:30 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Bishkek 4:58:24 - LMT 1924 May 2    5:00 - FRUT 1930 Jun 21 # Frunze Time    6:00 RussiaAsia FRU%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    5:00 1:00 FRUST 1991 Aug 31 2:00 # independence -  5:00 Kirgiz KG%sT # Kirgizstan Time +  5:00 Kyrgyz KG%sT 2005 Aug 12 # Kyrgyzstan Time +  6:00 - KGT      ###############################################################################      # Korea (North and South)    - # From Guy Harris: - # According to someone at the Korean Times in San Francisco, - # Daylight Savings Time was not observed until 1987. He did not know - # at what time of day DST starts or ends. + # From Annie I. Bang (2006-07-10) in + # <http://www.koreaherald.co.kr/SITE/data/html_dir/2006/07/10/200607100012.asp>: + # The Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy has already + # commissioned a research project [to reintroduce DST] and has said + # the system may begin as early as 2008.... Korea ran a daylight + # saving program from 1949-61 but stopped it during the 1950-53 Korean War.    - # From Shanks: + # From Shanks & Pottenger:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule ROK 1960 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 D   Rule ROK 1960 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S - Rule ROK 1987 1988 - May Sun<=14 0:00 1:00 D - Rule ROK 1987 1988 - Oct Sun<=14 0:00 0 S + Rule ROK 1987 1988 - May Sun>=8 0:00 1:00 D + Rule ROK 1987 1988 - Oct Sun>=8 0:00 0 S      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Seoul 8:27:52 - LMT 1890    8:30 - KST 1904 Dec    9:00 - KST 1928    8:30 - KST 1932    9:00 - KST 1954 Mar 21    8:00 ROK K%sT 1961 Aug 10    8:30 - KST 1968 Oct    9:00 ROK K%sT
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:845:    9:00 - KST 1928    8:30 - KST 1932    9:00 - KST 1954 Mar 21    8:00 - KST 1961 Aug 10    9:00 - KST      ###############################################################################      # Kuwait   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # From the Arab Times (2007-03-14): + # The Civil Service Commission (CSC) has approved a proposal forwarded + # by MP Ahmad Baqer on implementing the daylight saving time (DST) in + # Kuwait starting from April until the end of Sept this year, reports Al-Anba. + # <http://www.arabtimesonline.com/arabtimes/kuwait/Viewdet.asp?ID=9950>. + # From Paul Eggert (2007-03-29): + # We don't know the details, or whether the approval means it'll happen, + # so for now we assume no DST.   Zone Asia/Kuwait 3:11:56 - LMT 1950    3:00 - AST      # Laos   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Vientiane 6:50:24 - LMT 1906 Jun 9 # or Viangchan    7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?    7:00 - ICT 1912 May    8:00 - ICT 1931 May    7:00 - ICT
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:888:   Rule Lebanon 1992 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 -   Rule Lebanon 1993 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Lebanon 1993 1998 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule Lebanon 1999 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Beirut 2:22:00 - LMT 1880    2:00 Lebanon EE%sT      # Malaysia   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Sep 14 0:00 0:20 TS + Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Sep 14 0:00 0:20 TS # one-Third Summer   Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Dec 14 0:00 0 - -  + # + # peninsular Malaysia + # The data here are taken from Mok Ly Yng (2003-10-30) + # <http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/teaching/timezone.html>.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Kuala_Lumpur 6:46:48 - LMT 1880 -  6:55:24 - SMT 1905 Jun # Singapore Mean Time -  7:00 - MALT 1933 # Malaya Time -  7:20 - MALT 1942 Feb 15 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2 -  7:20 - MALT 1950 -  7:30 - MALT 1982 May + Zone Asia/Kuala_Lumpur 6:46:46 - LMT 1901 Jan 1 +  6:55:25 - SMT 1905 Jun 1 # Singapore M.T. +  7:00 - MALT 1933 Jan 1 # Malaya Time +  7:00 0:20 MALST 1936 Jan 1 +  7:20 - MALT 1941 Sep 1 +  7:30 - MALT 1942 Feb 16 +  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12 +  7:30 - MALT 1982 Jan 1    8:00 - MYT # Malaysia Time -  + # Sabah & Sarawak + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # The data here are mostly from Shanks & Pottenger, but the 1942, 1945 and 1982 + # transition dates are from Mok Ly Yng. + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Kuching 7:21:20 - LMT 1926 Mar    7:30 - BORT 1933 # Borneo Time -  8:00 NBorneo BOR%sT 1942 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2 -  8:00 - BORT 1982 May +  8:00 NBorneo BOR%sT 1942 Feb 16 +  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12 +  8:00 - BORT 1982 Jan 1    8:00 - MYT      # Maldives   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Male    4:54:00 - MMT 1960 # Male Mean Time    5:00 - MVT # Maldives Time      # Mongolia    - # Shanks says that Mongolia has three time zones, but usno1995 and the CIA map - # Standard Time Zones of the World (1997-01) + # Shanks & Pottenger say that Mongolia has three time zones, but + # usno1995 and the CIA map Standard Time Zones of the World (2005-03)   # both say that it has just one.      # From Oscar van Vlijmen (1999-12-11):   # <a href="http://www.mongoliatourism.gov.mn/general.htm">   # General Information Mongolia   # </a> (1999-09)   # "Time: Mongolia has two time zones. Three westernmost provinces of   # Bayan-Ulgii, Uvs, and Hovd are one hour earlier than the capital city, and   # the rest of the country follows the Ulaanbaatar time, which is UTC/GMT plus   # eight hours."
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:937:   # From Rives McDow (1999-12-13):   # Mongolia discontinued the use of daylight savings time in 1999; 1998   # being the last year it was implemented. The dates of implementation I am   # unsure of, but most probably it was similar to Russia, except for the time   # of implementation may have been different....   # Some maps in the past have indicated that there was an additional time   # zone in the eastern part of Mongolia, including the provinces of Dornod,   # Suhbaatar, and possibly Khentij.      # From Paul Eggert (1999-12-15): - # For now, we'll comment out the east zone (Choybalsan) - # and use Shanks's and the IATA's data for the daylight-saving rules. +    # Naming and spelling is tricky in Mongolia.   # We'll use Hovd (also spelled Chovd and Khovd) to represent the west zone;   # the capital of the Hovd province is sometimes called Hovd, sometimes Dund-Us,   # and sometimes Jirgalanta (with variant spellings), but the name Hovd   # is good enough for our purposes.    -  + # From Rives McDow (2001-05-13): + # In addition to Mongolia starting daylight savings as reported earlier + # (adopted DST on 2001-04-27 02:00 local time, ending 2001-09-28), + # there are three time zones. + # + # Provinces [at 7:00]: Bayan-ulgii, Uvs, Khovd, Zavkhan, Govi-Altai + # Provinces [at 8:00]: Khovsgol, Bulgan, Arkhangai, Khentii, Tov, + # Bayankhongor, Ovorkhangai, Dundgovi, Dornogovi, Omnogovi + # Provinces [at 9:00]: Dornod, Sukhbaatar + # + # [The province of Selenge is omitted from the above lists.] +  + # From Ganbold Ts., Ulaanbaatar (2004-04-17): + # Daylight saving occurs at 02:00 local time last Saturday of March. + # It will change back to normal at 02:00 local time last Saturday of + # September.... As I remember this rule was changed in 2001. + # + # From Paul Eggert (2004-04-17): + # For now, assume Rives McDow's informant got confused about Friday vs + # Saturday, and that his 2001 dates should have 1 added to them. +  + # From Paul Eggert (2005-07-26): + # We have wildly conflicting information about Mongolia's time zones. + # Bill Bonnet (2005-05-19) reports that the US Embassy in Ulaanbaatar says + # there is only one time zone and that DST is observed, citing Microsoft + # Windows XP as the source. Risto Nykanen (2005-05-16) reports that + # travelmongolia.org says there are two time zones (UTC+7, UTC+8) with no DST. + # Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-20) reports that the Mongolian Embassy in + # Washington, DC says there are two time zones, with DST observed. + # He also found + # <http://ubpost.mongolnews.mn/index.php?subaction=showcomments&id=1111634894&archive=&start_from=&ucat=1&> + # which also says that there is DST, and which has a comment by "Toddius" + # (2005-03-31 06:05 +0700) saying "Mongolia actually has 3.5 time zones. + # The West (OLGII) is +7 GMT, most of the country is ULAT is +8 GMT + # and some Eastern provinces are +9 GMT but Sukhbaatar Aimag is SUHK +8.5 GMT. + # The SUKH timezone is new this year, it is one of the few things the + # parliament passed during the tumultuous winter session." + # For now, let's ignore this information, until we have more confirmation. +  + # From Ganbold Ts. (2007-02-26): + # Parliament of Mongolia has just changed the daylight-saving rule in February. + # They decided not to adopt daylight-saving time.... + # http://www.mongolnews.mn/index.php?module=unuudur&sec=view&id=15742 +  + # From Deborah Goldsmith (2008-03-30): + # We received a bug report claiming that the tz database UTC offset for + # Asia/Choibalsan (GMT+09:00) is incorrect, and that it should be GMT + # +08:00 instead. Different sources appear to disagree with the tz + # database on this, e.g.: + # + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=1026"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=1026 + # </a> + # <a href="http://www.worldtimeserver.com/current_time_in_MN.aspx"> + # http://www.worldtimeserver.com/current_time_in_MN.aspx + # </a> + # + # both say GMT+08:00. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-03-31): + # eznis airways, which operates several domestic flights, has a flight + # schedule here: + # <a href="http://www.eznis.com/Container.jsp?id=112"> + # http://www.eznis.com/Container.jsp?id=112 + # </a> + # (click the English flag for English) + # + # There it appears that flights between Choibalsan and Ulaanbatar arrive + # about 1:35 - 1:50 hours later in local clock time, no matter the + # direction, while Ulaanbaatar-Khvod takes 2 hours in the Eastern + # direction and 3:35 back, which indicates that Ulaanbatar and Khvod are + # in different time zones (like we know about), while Choibalsan and + # Ulaanbatar are in the same time zone (correction needed). +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2008-05-19): + # Assume that Choibalsan is indeed offset by 8:00. + # XXX--in the absence of better information, assume that transition + # was at the start of 2008-03-31 (the day of Steffen Thorsen's report); + # this is almost surely wrong. +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Mongol 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Mongol 1981 1984 - Oct 1 0:00 0 - - Rule Mongol 1985 1990 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S - Rule Mongol 1985 1990 - Sep lastSun 3:00 0 - - Rule Mongol 1991 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Mongol 1991 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 - - # IATA SSIM (1996-09) says 1996-10-25; go with Shanks. - Rule Mongol 1996 only - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 - - Rule Mongol 1997 1998 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 - + Rule Mongol 1983 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Mongol 1983 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + # Shanks & Pottenger and IATA SSIM say 1990s switches occurred at 00:00, + # but McDow says the 2001 switches occurred at 02:00. Also, IATA SSIM + # (1996-09) says 1996-10-25. Go with Shanks & Pottenger through 1998. + # + # Shanks & Pottenger say that the Sept. 1984 through Sept. 1990 switches + # in Choibalsan (more precisely, in Dornod and Sukhbaatar) took place + # at 02:00 standard time, not at 00:00 local time as in the rest of + # the country. That would be odd, and possibly is a result of their + # correction of 02:00 (in the previous edition) not being done correctly + # in the latest edition; so ignore it for now. +  + Rule Mongol 1985 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Mongol 1984 1998 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   # IATA SSIM (1999-09) says Mongolia no longer observes DST. -  + Rule Mongol 2001 only - Apr lastSat 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Mongol 2001 2006 - Sep lastSat 2:00 0 - + Rule Mongol 2002 2006 - Mar lastSat 2:00 1:00 S      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] -  + # Hovd, a.k.a. Chovd, Dund-Us, Dzhargalant, Khovd, Jirgalanta   Zone Asia/Hovd 6:06:36 - LMT 1905 Aug    6:00 - HOVT 1978 # Hovd Time    7:00 Mongol HOV%sT -  + # Ulaanbaatar, a.k.a. Ulan Bataar, Ulan Bator, Urga   Zone Asia/Ulaanbaatar 7:07:32 - LMT 1905 Aug    7:00 - ULAT 1978 # Ulaanbaatar Time    8:00 Mongol ULA%sT - # We're not sure about this entry yet, so we'll omit it for now. - #Zone Asia/Choybalsan 7:38:00 - LMT 1905 Aug - # 8:00 - CHOT 1978 # Choybalsan Time - # 9:00 Mongol CHO%sT 19?? - # 8:00 Mongol ULA%sT + # Choibalsan, a.k.a. Bajan Tuemen, Bajan Tumen, Chojbalsan, + # Choybalsan, Sanbejse, Tchoibalsan + Zone Asia/Choibalsan 7:38:00 - LMT 1905 Aug +  7:00 - ULAT 1978 +  8:00 - ULAT 1983 Apr +  9:00 Mongol CHO%sT 2008 Mar 31 # Choibalsan Time +  8:00 Mongol CHO%sT      # Nepal   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Katmandu 5:41:16 - LMT 1920 + Zone Asia/Kathmandu 5:41:16 - LMT 1920    5:30 - IST 1986    5:45 - NPT # Nepal Time      # Oman -  +  + # Milne says 3:54:24 was the meridian of the Muscat Tidal Observatory. +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Muscat 3:54:20 - LMT 1920 + Zone Asia/Muscat 3:54:24 - LMT 1920    4:00 - GST      # Pakistan -  +  + # From Rives McDow (2002-03-13): + # I have been advised that Pakistan has decided to adopt dst on a + # TRIAL basis for one year, starting 00:01 local time on April 7, 2002 + # and ending at 00:01 local time October 6, 2002. This is what I was + # told, but I believe that the actual time of change may be 00:00; the + # 00:01 was to make it clear which day it was on. +  + # From Paul Eggert (2002-03-15): + # Jesper Norgaard found this URL: + # http://www.pak.gov.pk/public/news/app/app06_dec.htm + # (dated 2001-12-06) which says that the Cabinet adopted a scheme "to + # advance the clocks by one hour on the night between the first + # Saturday and Sunday of April and revert to the original position on + # 15th October each year". This agrees with McDow's 04-07 at 00:00, + # but disagrees about the October transition, and makes it sound like + # it's not on a trial basis. Also, the "between the first Saturday + # and Sunday of April" phrase, if taken literally, means that the + # transition takes place at 00:00 on the first Sunday on or after 04-02. +  + # From Paul Eggert (2003-02-09): + # DAWN <http://www.dawn.com/2002/10/06/top13.htm> reported on 2002-10-05 + # that 2002 DST ended that day at midnight. Go with McDow for now. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2003-03-14): + # According to http://www.dawn.com/2003/03/07/top15.htm + # there will be no DST in Pakistan this year: + # + # ISLAMABAD, March 6: Information and Media Development Minister Sheikh + # Rashid Ahmed on Thursday said the cabinet had reversed a previous + # decision to advance clocks by one hour in summer and put them back by + # one hour in winter with the aim of saving light hours and energy. + # + # The minister told a news conference that the experiment had rather + # shown 8 per cent higher consumption of electricity. +  + # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-15): + # + # Here is an article that Pakistan plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time + # on June 1, 2008 for 3 months. + # + # "... The federal cabinet on Wednesday announced a new conservation plan to help + # reduce load shedding by approving the closure of commercial centres at 9pm and + # moving clocks forward by one hour for the next three months. + # ...." + # + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan01.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan01.html + # </a> + # OR + # <a href="http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008%5C05%5C15%5Cstory_15-5-2008_pg1_4"> + # http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008%5C05%5C15%5Cstory_15-5-2008_pg1_4 + # </a> +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2008-05-19): + # XXX--midnight transitions is a guess; 2008 only is a guess. +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2008-08-28): + # Pakistan government has decided to keep the watches one-hour advanced + # for another 2 months--plan to return to Standard Time on October 31 + # instead of August 31. + # + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan02.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan02.html + # </a> + # OR + # <a href="http://dailymailnews.com/200808/28/news/dmbrn03.html"> + # http://dailymailnews.com/200808/28/news/dmbrn03.html + # </a> +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-04-08): + # Based on previous media reports that "... proposed plan to + # advance clocks by one hour from May 1 will cause disturbance + # to the working schedules rather than bringing discipline in + # official working." + # <a href="http://www.thenews.com.pk/daily_detail.asp?id=171280"> + # http://www.thenews.com.pk/daily_detail.asp?id=171280 + # </a> + # + # recent news that instead of May 2009 - Pakistan plan to + # introduce DST from April 15, 2009 + # + # FYI: Associated Press Of Pakistan + # April 08, 2009 + # Cabinet okays proposal to advance clocks by one hour from April 15 + # <a href="http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=73043&Itemid=1"> + # http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=73043&Itemid=1 + # </a> + # + # or + # + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan05.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan05.html + # </a> + # + # .... + # The Federal Cabinet on Wednesday approved the proposal to + # advance clocks in the country by one hour from April 15 to + # conserve energy" +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-09-17): + # "The News International," Pakistan reports that: "The Federal + # Government has decided to restore the previous time by moving the + # clocks backward by one hour from October 1. A formal announcement to + # this effect will be made after the Prime Minister grants approval in + # this regard." + # <a href="http://www.thenews.com.pk/updates.asp?id=87168"> + # http://www.thenews.com.pk/updates.asp?id=87168 + # </a> +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-09-28): + # According to Associated Press Of Pakistan, it is confirmed that + # Pakistan clocks across the country would be turned back by an hour from October + # 1, 2009. + # + # "Clocks to go back one hour from 1 Oct" + # <a href="http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=86715&Itemid=2"> + # http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=86715&Itemid=2 + # </a> + # or + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan07.htm"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan07.htm + # </a> +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-09-29): + # Alexander Krivenyshev wrote: + # > According to Associated Press Of Pakistan, it is confirmed that + # > Pakistan clocks across the country would be turned back by an hour from October + # > 1, 2009. + # + # Now they seem to have changed their mind, November 1 is the new date: + # <a href="http://www.thenews.com.pk/top_story_detail.asp?Id=24742"> + # http://www.thenews.com.pk/top_story_detail.asp?Id=24742 + # </a> + # "The country's clocks will be reversed by one hour on November 1. + # Officials of Federal Ministry for Interior told this to Geo News on + # Monday." + # + # And more importantly, it seems that these dates will be kept every year: + # "It has now been decided that clocks will be wound forward by one hour + # on April 15 and reversed by an hour on November 1 every year without + # obtaining prior approval, the officials added." + # + # We have confirmed this year's end date with both with the Ministry of + # Water and Power and the Pakistan Electric Power Company: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/pakistan-ends-dst09.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/pakistan-ends-dst09.html + # </a> +  + # From Christoph Goehre (2009-10-01): + # [T]he German Consulate General in Karachi reported me today that Pakistan + # will go back to standard time on 1st of November. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-03-26): + # Steffen Thorsen wrote: + # > On Thursday (2010-03-25) it was announced that DST would start in + # > Pakistan on 2010-04-01. + # > + # > Then today, the president said that they might have to revert the + # > decision if it is not supported by the parliament. So at the time + # > being, it seems unclear if DST will be actually observed or not - but + # > April 1 could be a more likely date than April 15. + # Now, it seems that the decision to not observe DST in final: + # + # "Govt Withdraws Plan To Advance Clocks" + # <a href="http://www.apakistannews.com/govt-withdraws-plan-to-advance-clocks-172041"> + # http://www.apakistannews.com/govt-withdraws-plan-to-advance-clocks-172041 + # </a> + # + # "People laud PM's announcement to end DST" + # <a href="http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=99374&Itemid=2"> + # http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=99374&Itemid=2 + # </a> +  + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Apr Sun>=2 0:01 1:00 S + Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Oct Sun>=2 0:01 0 - + Rule Pakistan 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Pakistan 2008 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Pakistan 2009 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Pakistan 2009 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 - +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907    5:30 - IST 1942 Sep    5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15    5:30 - IST 1951 Sep 30    5:00 - KART 1971 Mar 26 # Karachi Time -  5:00 - PKT # Pakistan Time +  5:00 Pakistan PK%sT # Pakistan Time      # Palestine    - # From Amos Shapir <amos@nsof.co.il> (1998-02-15): + # From Amos Shapir (1998-02-15):   #   # From 1917 until 1948-05-15, all of Palestine, including the parts now   # known as the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, was under British rule.   # Therefore the rules given for Israel for that period, apply there too...   #   # The Gaza Strip was under Egyptian rule between 1948-05-15 until 1967-06-05   # (except a short occupation by Israel from 1956-11 till 1957-03, but no   # time zone was affected then). It was never formally annexed to Egypt,   # though.   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1034:   #   # Area \ when | 1918-1947 | 1948-1967 | 1967-1995 | 1996-   # ------------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------   # Israel | Zion | Zion | Zion | Zion   # West bank | Zion | Jordan | Zion | Jordan   # Gaza | Zion | Egypt | Zion | Jordan   #   # I guess more info may be available from the PA's web page (if/when they   # have one).    - # From Paul Eggert (1998-02-25): - # Shanks writes that Gaza did not observe DST until 1957, but we'll go + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # Shanks & Pottenger write that Gaza did not observe DST until 1957, but go   # with Shapir and assume that it observed DST from 1940 through 1947,   # and that it used Jordanian rules starting in 1996.   # We don't yet need a separate entry for the West Bank, since   # the only differences between it and Gaza that we know about   # occurred before our cutoff date of 1970.   # However, as we get more information, we may need to add entries   # for parts of the West Bank as they transitioned from Israel's rules - # to Palestine's rules. If you have more info about this, please - # send it to tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for incorporation into future editions. + # to Palestine's rules.      # From IINS News Service - Israel - 1998-03-23 10:38:07 Israel time,   # forwarded by Ephraim Silverberg:   #   # Despite the fact that Israel changed over to daylight savings time   # last week, the PLO Authority (PA) has decided not to turn its clocks   # one-hour forward at this time. As a sign of independence from Israeli rule,   # the PA has decided to implement DST in April.      # From Paul Eggert (1999-09-20):   # Daoud Kuttab writes in   # <a href="http://www.jpost.com/com/Archive/22.Apr.1999/Opinion/Article-2.html">   # Holiday havoc   # </a> (Jerusalem Post, 1999-04-22) that   # the Palestinian National Authority changed to DST on 1999-04-15.   # I vaguely recall that they switch back in October (sorry, forgot the source).   # For now, let's assume that the spring switch was at 24:00,   # and that they switch at 0:00 on the 3rd Fridays of April and October.    -  + # From Paul Eggert (2005-11-22): + # Starting 2004 transitions are from Steffen Thorsen's web site timeanddate.com. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2005-11-23): + # A user from Gaza reported that Gaza made the change early because of + # the Ramadan. Next year Ramadan will be even earlier, so I think + # there is a good chance next year's end date will be around two weeks + # earlier--the same goes for Jordan. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2006-08-17): + # I was informed by a user in Bethlehem that in Bethlehem it started the + # same day as Israel, and after checking with other users in the area, I + # was informed that they started DST one day after Israel. I was not + # able to find any authoritative sources at the time, nor details if + # Gaza changed as well, but presumed Gaza to follow the same rules as + # the West Bank. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-26): + # according to the Palestine News Network (2006-09-19): + # http://english.pnn.ps/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=596&Itemid=5 + # > The Council of Ministers announced that this year its winter schedule + # > will begin early, as of midnight Thursday. It is also time to turn + # > back the clocks for winter. Friday will begin an hour late this week. + # I guess it is likely that next year's date will be moved as well, + # because of the Ramadan. +  + # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2007-09-18): + # According to Steffen Thorsen's web site the Gaza Strip and the rest of the + # Palestinian territories left DST early on 13.th. of September at 2:00. +  + # From Paul Eggert (2007-09-20): + # My understanding is that Gaza and the West Bank disagree even over when + # the weekend is (Thursday+Friday versus Friday+Saturday), so I'd be a bit + # surprised if they agreed about DST. But for now, assume they agree. + # For lack of better information, predict that future changes will be + # the 2nd Thursday of September at 02:00. +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2008-08-28): + # Here is an article, that Mideast running on different clocks at Ramadan. + # + # Gaza Strip (as Egypt) ended DST at midnight Thursday (Aug 28, 2008), while + # the West Bank will end Daylight Saving Time at midnight Sunday (Aug 31, 2008). + # + # <a href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/feedarticle/7759001"> + # http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/feedarticle/7759001 + # </a> + # <a href="http://www.abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory?id=5676087"> + # http://www.abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory?id=5676087 + # </a> + # or + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_gazastrip01.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_gazastrip01.html + # </a> +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-26): + # According to the Palestine News Network (arabic.pnn.ps), Palestinian + # government decided to start Daylight Time on Thursday night March + # 26 and continue until the night of 27 September 2009. + # + # (in Arabic) + # <a href="http://arabic.pnn.ps/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=50850"> + # http://arabic.pnn.ps/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=50850 + # </a> + # + # or + # (English translation) + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_westbank01.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_westbank01.html + # </a> +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-31): + # Palestine's Council of Ministers announced that they will revert back to + # winter time on Friday, 2009-09-04. + # + # One news source: + # <a href="http://www.safa.ps/ara/?action=showdetail&seid=4158"> + # http://www.safa.ps/ara/?action=showdetail&seid=4158 + # </a> + # (Palestinian press agency, Arabic), + # Google translate: "Decided that the Palestinian government in Ramallah + # headed by Salam Fayyad, the start of work in time for the winter of + # 2009, starting on Friday approved the fourth delay Sept. clock sixty + # minutes per hour as of Friday morning." + # + # We are not sure if Gaza will do the same, last year they had a different + # end date, we will keep this page updated: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-dst-2009.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-dst-2009.html + # </a> +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-09-02): + # Seems that Gaza Strip will go back to Winter Time same date as West Bank. + # + # According to Palestinian Ministry Of Interior, West Bank and Gaza Strip plan + # to change time back to Standard time on September 4, 2009. + # + # "Winter time unite the West Bank and Gaza" + # (from Palestinian National Authority): + # <a href="http://www.moi.gov.ps/en/?page=633167343250594025&nid=11505 + # http://www.moi.gov.ps/en/?page=633167343250594025&nid=11505 + # </a> + # or + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_gazastrip02.html> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_gazastrip02.html + # </a> +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-19): + # According to Voice of Palestine DST will last for 191 days, from March + # 26, 2010 till "the last Sunday before the tenth day of Tishri + # (October), each year" (October 03, 2010?) + # + # <a href="http://palvoice.org/forums/showthread.php?t=245697"> + # http://palvoice.org/forums/showthread.php?t=245697 + # </a> + # (in Arabic) + # or + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_westbank03.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_westbank03.html + # </a> +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-03-24): + # ...Ma'an News Agency reports that Hamas cabinet has decided it will + # start one day later, at 12:01am. Not sure if they really mean 12:01am or + # noon though: + # + # <a href="http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=271178"> + # http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=271178 + # </a> + # (Ma'an News Agency) + # "At 12:01am Friday, clocks in Israel and the West Bank will change to + # 1:01am, while Gaza clocks will change at 12:01am Saturday morning." +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-08-11): + # According to several sources, including + # <a href="http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=306795"> + # http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=306795 + # </a> + # the clocks were set back one hour at 2010-08-11 00:00:00 local time in + # Gaza and the West Bank. + # Some more background info: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-end-dst-2010.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/westbank-gaza-end-dst-2010.html + # </a> +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2011-08-26): + # Gaza and the West Bank did go back to standard time in the beginning of + # August, and will now enter daylight saving time again on 2011-08-30 + # 00:00 (so two periods of DST in 2011). The pause was because of + # Ramadan. + # + # <a href="http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=416217"> + # http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=416217 + # </a> + # Additional info: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/palestine-dst-2011.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/palestine-dst-2011.html + # </a> +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-08-27): + # According to the article in The Jerusalem Post: + # "...Earlier this month, the Palestinian government in the West Bank decided to + # move to standard time for 30 days, during Ramadan. The Palestinians in the + # Gaza Strip accepted the change and also moved their clocks one hour back. + # The Hamas government said on Saturday that it won't observe summertime after + # the Muslim feast of Id al-Fitr, which begins on Tuesday..." + # ... + # <a href="http://www.jpost.com/MiddleEast/Article.aspx?id=235650"> + # http://www.jpost.com/MiddleEast/Article.aspx?id=235650 + # </a> + # or + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_gazastrip05.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_gazastrip05.html + # </a>   # The rules for Egypt are stolen from the `africa' file. -  +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2011-09-30): + # West Bank did end Daylight Saving Time this morning/midnight (2011-09-30 + # 00:00). + # So West Bank and Gaza now have the same time again. + # + # Many sources, including: + # <a href="http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=424808"> + # http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=424808 + # </a> +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2012-03-26): + # Palestinian news sources tell that both Gaza and West Bank will start DST + # on Friday (Thursday midnight, 2012-03-29 24:00). + # Some of many sources in Arabic: + # <a href="http://www.samanews.com/index.php?act=Show&id=122638"> + # http://www.samanews.com/index.php?act=Show&id=122638 + # </a> + # + # <a href="http://safa.ps/details/news/74352/%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%A1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B6%D9%81%D8%A9-%D9%88%D8%BA%D8%B2%D8%A9-%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%84%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%A9.html"> + # http://safa.ps/details/news/74352/%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%A1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B6%D9%81%D8%A9-%D9%88%D8%BA%D8%B2%D8%A9-%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%84%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%A9.html + # </a> + # + # Our brief summary: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/gaza-west-bank-dst-2012.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/gaza-west-bank-dst-2012.html + # </a> +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-03-26): + # The following news sources tells that Palestine will "start daylight saving + # time from midnight on Friday, March 29, 2013" (translated). + # [These are in Arabic and are for Gaza and for Ramallah, respectively.] + # http://www.samanews.com/index.php?act=Show&id=154120 + # http://safa.ps/details/news/99844/%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D9%87-%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%A1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%81%D9%8A-29-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%8A.html +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-09-24): + # The Gaza and West Bank are ending DST Thursday at midnight + # (2013-09-27 00:00:00) (one hour earlier than last year...). + # This source in English, says "that winter time will go into effect + # at midnight on Thursday in the West Bank and Gaza Strip": + # http://english.wafa.ps/index.php?action=detail&id=23246 + # official source...: + # http://www.palestinecabinet.gov.ps/ar/Views/ViewDetails.aspx?pid=1252 +  + # From Paul Eggert (2013-09-24): + # For future dates, guess the last Thursday in March at 24:00 through + # the first Friday on or after September 21 at 00:00. This is consistent with + # the predictions in today's editions of the following URLs, + # which are for Gaza and Hebron respectively: + # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/timezone.html?n=702 + # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/timezone.html?n=2364 +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule EgyptAsia 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S   Rule EgyptAsia 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule EgyptAsia 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1967 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S   Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -   Rule EgyptAsia 1966 only - Oct 1 3:00 0 -    - Rule Palestine 1999 max - Apr Fri>=15 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Palestine 1999 max - Oct Fri>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Palestine 1999 2005 - Apr Fri>=15 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Palestine 1999 2003 - Oct Fri>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Palestine 2004 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 - + Rule Palestine 2005 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 - + Rule Palestine 2006 2007 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Palestine 2006 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + Rule Palestine 2007 only - Sep Thu>=8 2:00 0 - + Rule Palestine 2008 2009 - Mar lastFri 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Palestine 2008 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Palestine 2009 only - Sep Fri>=1 1:00 0 - + Rule Palestine 2010 only - Mar 26 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Palestine 2010 only - Aug 11 0:00 0 - + Rule Palestine 2011 only - Apr 1 0:01 1:00 S + Rule Palestine 2011 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Palestine 2011 only - Aug 30 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Palestine 2011 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 - + Rule Palestine 2012 max - Mar lastThu 24:00 1:00 S + Rule Palestine 2012 only - Sep 21 1:00 0 - + Rule Palestine 2013 max - Sep Fri>=21 0:00 0 -      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Gaza 2:17:52 - LMT 1900 Oct    2:00 Zion EET 1948 May 15    2:00 EgyptAsia EE%sT 1967 Jun 5    2:00 Zion I%sT 1996    2:00 Jordan EE%sT 1999 -  +  2:00 Palestine EE%sT 2008 Aug 29 0:00 +  2:00 - EET 2008 Sep +  2:00 Palestine EE%sT 2010 +  2:00 - EET 2010 Mar 27 0:01 +  2:00 Palestine EE%sT 2011 Aug 1 +  2:00 - EET 2012    2:00 Palestine EE%sT    -  + Zone Asia/Hebron 2:20:23 - LMT 1900 Oct +  2:00 Zion EET 1948 May 15 +  2:00 EgyptAsia EE%sT 1967 Jun 5 +  2:00 Zion I%sT 1996 +  2:00 Jordan EE%sT 1999 +  2:00 Palestine EE%sT +    # Paracel Is   # no information      # Philippines - # Howse writes (p 153) that until 1844 the Philippines kept American date. - # The rest of this data is from Shanks. + # On 1844-08-16, Narciso Claveria, governor-general of the + # Philippines, issued a proclamation announcing that 1844-12-30 was to + # be immediately followed by 1845-01-01. Robert H. van Gent has a + # transcript of the decree in <http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/idl/idl.htm>. + # The rest of the data are from Shanks & Pottenger. +  + # From Paul Eggert (2006-04-25): + # Tomorrow's Manila Standard reports that the Philippines Department of + # Trade and Industry is considering adopting DST this June when the + # rainy season begins. See + # <http://www.manilastandardtoday.com/?page=politics02_april26_2006>. + # For now, we'll ignore this, since it's not definite and we lack details. + # + # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2006-04-26): + # ... claims that Philippines had DST last time in 1990: + # http://story.philippinetimes.com/p.x/ct/9/id/145be20cc6b121c0/cid/3e5bbccc730d258c/ + # [a story dated 2006-04-25 by Cris Larano of Dow Jones Newswires, + # but no details] +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Phil 1936 only - Nov 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Phil 1937 only - Feb 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Phil 1954 only - Apr 12 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Phil 1954 only - Jul 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Phil 1978 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Phil 1978 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Manila -15:56:00 - LMT 1844 + Zone Asia/Manila -15:56:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31    8:04:00 - LMT 1899 May 11    8:00 Phil PH%sT 1942 May    9:00 - JST 1944 Nov    8:00 Phil PH%sT      # Qatar   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Qatar 3:26:08 - LMT 1920 # Al Dawhah / Doha    4:00 - GST 1972 Jun    3:00 - AST      # Saudi Arabia   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Riyadh 3:06:52 - LMT 1950    3:00 - AST      # Singapore -  + # The data here are taken from Mok Ly Yng (2003-10-30) + # <http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/teaching/timezone.html>.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Singapore 6:55:24 - LMT 1880 -  6:55:24 - SMT 1905 Jun # Singapore Mean Time -  7:00 - MALT 1933 # Malaya Time -  7:20 - MALT 1942 Feb 15 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2 -  7:20 - MALT 1950 + Zone Asia/Singapore 6:55:25 - LMT 1901 Jan 1 +  6:55:25 - SMT 1905 Jun 1 # Singapore M.T. +  7:00 - MALT 1933 Jan 1 # Malaya Time +  7:00 0:20 MALST 1936 Jan 1 +  7:20 - MALT 1941 Sep 1 +  7:30 - MALT 1942 Feb 16 +  9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12    7:30 - MALT 1965 Aug 9 # independence -  7:30 - SGT 1982 May # Singapore Time +  7:30 - SGT 1982 Jan 1 # Singapore Time    8:00 - SGT      # Spratly Is   # no information      # Sri Lanka -  +  + # From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21): + # Milne says "Madras mean time use from May 1, 1898. Prior to this Colombo + # mean time, 5h. 4m. 21.9s. F., was used." But 5:04:21.9 differs considerably + # from Colombo's meridian 5:19:24, so for now ignore Milne and stick with + # Shanks and Pottenger. +    # From Paul Eggert (1996-09-03):   # "Sri Lanka advances clock by an hour to avoid blackout"   # (www.virtual-pc.com/lankaweb/news/items/240596-2.html, 1996-05-24,   # no longer available as of 1999-08-17)   # reported ``the country's standard time will be put forward by one hour at   # midnight Friday (1830 GMT) `in the light of the present power crisis'.''   #   # From Dharmasiri Senanayake, Sri Lanka Media Minister (1996-10-24), as quoted   # by Shamindra in   # <a href="news:54rka5$m5h@mtinsc01-mgt.ops.worldnet.att.net">   # Daily News - Hot News Section (1996-10-26)   # </a>:   # With effect from 12.30 a.m. on 26th October 1996   # Sri Lanka will be six (06) hours ahead of GMT.    -  + # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2006-04-14), quoting Sri Lanka News Online + # <http://news.sinhalaya.com/wmview.php?ArtID=11002> (2006-04-13): + # 0030 hrs on April 15, 2006 (midnight of April 14, 2006 +30 minutes) + # at present, become 2400 hours of April 14, 2006 (midnight of April 14, 2006). +  + # From Peter Apps and Ranga Sirila of Reuters (2006-04-12) in: + # <http://today.reuters.co.uk/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=scienceNews&storyID=2006-04-12T172228Z_01_COL295762_RTRIDST_0_SCIENCE-SRILANKA-TIME-DC.XML> + # [The Tamil Tigers] never accepted the original 1996 time change and simply + # kept their clocks set five and a half hours ahead of Greenwich Mean + # Time (GMT), in line with neighbor India. + # From Paul Eggert (2006-04-18): + # People who live in regions under Tamil control can use [TZ='Asia/Kolkata'], + # as that zone has agreed with the Tamil areas since our cutoff date of 1970. +  + # From K Sethu (2006-04-25): + # I think the abbreviation LKT originated from the world of computers at + # the time of or subsequent to the time zone changes by SL Government + # twice in 1996 and probably SL Government or its standardization + # agencies never declared an abbreviation as a national standard. + # + # I recollect before the recent change the government annoucemments + # mentioning it as simply changing Sri Lanka Standard Time or Sri Lanka + # Time and no mention was made about the abbreviation. + # + # If we look at Sri Lanka Department of Government's "Official News + # Website of Sri Lanka" ... http://www.news.lk/ we can see that they + # use SLT as abbreviation in time stamp at the beginning of each news + # item.... + # + # Within Sri Lanka I think LKT is well known among computer users and + # adminsitrators. In my opinion SLT may not be a good choice because the + # nation's largest telcom / internet operator Sri Lanka Telcom is well + # known by that abbreviation - simply as SLT (there IP domains are + # slt.lk and sltnet.lk). + # + # But if indeed our government has adopted SLT as standard abbreviation + # (that we have not known so far) then it is better that it be used for + # all computers. +  + # From Paul Eggert (2006-04-25): + # One possibility is that we wait for a bit for the dust to settle down + # and then see what people actually say in practice. +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Colombo 5:19:24 - LMT 1880    5:19:32 - MMT 1906 # Moratuwa Mean Time    5:30 - IST 1942 Jan 5    5:30 0:30 IHST 1942 Sep    5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 16 2:00    5:30 - IST 1996 May 25 0:00    6:30 - LKT 1996 Oct 26 0:30 -  6:00 - LKT +  6:00 - LKT 2006 Apr 15 0:30 +  5:30 - IST      # Syria   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Syria 1920 1923 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 1920 1923 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 0 -   Rule Syria 1962 only - Apr 29 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 1962 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 -   Rule Syria 1963 1965 - May 1 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 1963 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 -   Rule Syria 1964 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/asia:1189:   Rule Syria 1990 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 1990 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 -   Rule Syria 1991 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 1991 1992 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Syria 1992 only - Apr 8 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 1993 only - Mar 26 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Syria 1993 only - Sep 25 0:00 0 -   # IATA SSIM (1998-02) says 1998-04-02;   # (1998-09) says 1999-03-29 and 1999-09-29; (1999-02) says 1999-04-02,   # 2000-04-02, and 2001-04-02; (1999-09) says 2000-03-31 and 2001-03-31; - # ignore all these claims and go with Shanks. + # (2006) says 2006-03-31 and 2006-09-22; + # for now ignore all these claims and go with Shanks & Pottenger, + # except for the 2006-09-22 claim (which seems right for Ramadan).   Rule Syria 1994 1996 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Syria 1994 max - Oct 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Syria 1994 2005 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Syria 1997 1998 - Mar lastMon 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Syria 1999 max - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 1999 2006 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S + # From Stephen Colebourne (2006-09-18): + # According to IATA data, Syria will change DST on 21st September [21:00 UTC] + # this year [only].... This is probably related to Ramadan, like Egypt. + Rule Syria 2006 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 - + # From Paul Eggert (2007-03-29): + # Today the AP reported "Syria will switch to summertime at midnight Thursday." + # http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/03/29/africa/ME-GEN-Syria-Time-Change.php + Rule Syria 2007 only - Mar lastFri 0:00 1:00 S + # From Jesper Norgard (2007-10-27): + # The sister center ICARDA of my work CIMMYT is confirming that Syria DST will + # not take place 1st November at 0:00 o'clock but 1st November at 24:00 or + # rather Midnight between Thursday and Friday. This does make more sense than + # having it between Wednesday and Thursday (two workdays in Syria) since the + # weekend in Syria is not Saturday and Sunday, but Friday and Saturday. So now + # it is implemented at midnight of the last workday before weekend... + # + # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-10-27): + # Jesper Norgaard Welen wrote: + # + # > "Winter local time in Syria will be observed at midnight of Thursday 1 + # > November 2007, and the clock will be put back 1 hour." + # + # I found confirmation on this in this gov.sy-article (Arabic): + # http://wehda.alwehda.gov.sy/_print_veiw.asp?FileName=12521710520070926111247 + # + # which using Google's translate tools says: + # Council of Ministers also approved the commencement of work on + # identifying the winter time as of Friday, 2/11/2007 where the 60th + # minute delay at midnight Thursday 1/11/2007. + Rule Syria 2007 only - Nov Fri>=1 0:00 0 - +  + # From Stephen Colebourne (2008-03-17): + # For everyone's info, I saw an IATA time zone change for [Syria] for + # this month (March 2008) in the last day or so...This is the data IATA + # are now using: + # Country Time Standard --- DST Start --- --- DST End --- DST + # Name Zone Variation Time Date Time Date + # Variation + # Syrian Arab + # Republic SY +0200 2200 03APR08 2100 30SEP08 +0300 + # 2200 02APR09 2100 30SEP09 +0300 + # 2200 01APR10 2100 30SEP10 +0300 +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2008-03-17): + # Here's a link to English-language coverage by the Syrian Arab News + # Agency (SANA)... + # <a href="http://www.sana.sy/eng/21/2008/03/11/165173.htm"> + # http://www.sana.sy/eng/21/2008/03/11/165173.htm + # </a>...which reads (in part) "The Cabinet approved the suggestion of the + # Ministry of Electricity to begin daylight savings time on Friday April + # 4th, advancing clocks one hour ahead on midnight of Thursday April 3rd." + # Since Syria is two hours east of UTC, the 2200 and 2100 transition times + # shown above match up with midnight in Syria. +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2008-03-18): + # My buest guess at a Syrian rule is "the Friday nearest April 1"; + # coding that involves either using a "Mar Fri>=29" construct that old time zone + # compilers can't handle or having multiple Rules (a la Israel). + # For now, use "Apr Fri>=1", and go with IATA on a uniform Sep 30 end. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-10-07): + # Syria has now officially decided to end DST on 2008-11-01 this year, + # according to the following article in the Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA). + # + # The article is in Arabic, and seems to tell that they will go back to + # winter time on 2008-11-01 at 00:00 local daylight time (delaying/setting + # clocks back 60 minutes). + # + # <a href="http://sana.sy/ara/2/2008/10/07/195459.htm"> + # http://sana.sy/ara/2/2008/10/07/195459.htm + # </a> +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-19): + # Syria will start DST on 2009-03-27 00:00 this year according to many sources, + # two examples: + # + # <a href="http://www.sana.sy/eng/21/2009/03/17/217563.htm"> + # http://www.sana.sy/eng/21/2009/03/17/217563.htm + # </a> + # (English, Syrian Arab News # Agency) + # <a href="http://thawra.alwehda.gov.sy/_View_news2.asp?FileName=94459258720090318012209"> + # http://thawra.alwehda.gov.sy/_View_news2.asp?FileName=94459258720090318012209 + # </a> + # (Arabic, gov-site) + # + # We have not found any sources saying anything about when DST ends this year. + # + # Our summary + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-starts-march-27-2009.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-starts-march-27-2009.html + # </a> +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-10-27): + # The Syrian Arab News Network on 2009-09-29 reported that Syria will + # revert back to winter (standard) time on midnight between Thursday + # 2009-10-29 and Friday 2009-10-30: + # <a href="http://www.sana.sy/ara/2/2009/09/29/247012.htm"> + # http://www.sana.sy/ara/2/2009/09/29/247012.htm (Arabic) + # </a> +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2009-10-28): + # We'll see if future DST switching times turn out to be end of the last + # Thursday of the month or the start of the last Friday of the month or + # something else. For now, use the start of the last Friday. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-03-17): + # The "Syrian News Station" reported on 2010-03-16 that the Council of + # Ministers has decided that Syria will start DST on midnight Thursday + # 2010-04-01: (midnight between Thursday and Friday): + # <a href="http://sns.sy/sns/?path=news/read/11421"> + # http://sns.sy/sns/?path=news/read/11421 (Arabic) + # </a> +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2012-03-26): + # Today, Syria's government announced that they will start DST early on Friday + # (00:00). This is a bit earlier than the past two years. + # + # From Syrian Arab News Agency, in Arabic: + # <a href="http://www.sana.sy/ara/2/2012/03/26/408215.htm"> + # http://www.sana.sy/ara/2/2012/03/26/408215.htm + # </a> + # + # Our brief summary: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-2012.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-2012.html + # </a> +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-27): + # Assume last Friday in March going forward XXX. +  + Rule Syria 2008 only - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 2008 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Syria 2009 only - Mar lastFri 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 2010 2011 - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 2012 max - Mar lastFri 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Syria 2009 max - Oct lastFri 0:00 0 - +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Damascus 2:25:12 - LMT 1920 # Dimashq    2:00 Syria EE%sT      # Tajikistan - # From Shanks. + # From Shanks & Pottenger.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Dushanbe 4:35:12 - LMT 1924 May 2    5:00 - DUST 1930 Jun 21 # Dushanbe Time    6:00 RussiaAsia DUS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    5:00 1:00 DUSST 1991 Sep 9 2:00s    5:00 - TJT # Tajikistan Time      # Thailand   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Bangkok 6:42:04 - LMT 1880    6:42:04 - BMT 1920 Apr # Bangkok Mean Time    7:00 - ICT      # Turkmenistan - # From Shanks. + # From Shanks & Pottenger.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Ashgabat 3:53:32 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ashkhabad    4:00 - ASHT 1930 Jun 21 # Ashkhabad Time    5:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00    4:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Oct 27 # independence -  4:00 RussiaAsia TM%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00 +  4:00 RussiaAsia TM%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00    5:00 - TMT      # United Arab Emirates   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Dubai 3:41:12 - LMT 1920    4:00 - GST      # Uzbekistan   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Asia/Samarkand 4:27:12 - LMT 1924 May 2    4:00 - SAMT 1930 Jun 21 # Samarkand Time    5:00 - SAMT 1981 Apr 1    5:00 1:00 SAMST 1981 Oct 1 -  6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00 # Tashkent Time -  5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence +  6:00 - TAST 1982 Apr 1 # Tashkent Time +  5:00 RussiaAsia SAM%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence    5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992 -  5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1993 +     5:00 - UZT   Zone Asia/Tashkent 4:37:12 - LMT 1924 May 2    5:00 - TAST 1930 Jun 21 # Tashkent Time -  6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00    5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence    5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992 -  5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1993 +     5:00 - UZT      # Vietnam - # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1993-11-18): - # Saigon's official name is Thanh-Pho Ho Chi Minh, but it's too long. - # We'll stick with the traditional name for now. - # From Shanks: +  + # From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21): + # Milne gives 7:16:56 for the meridian of Saigon in 1899, as being + # used in Lower Laos, Cambodia, and Annam. But this is quite a ways + # from Saigon's location. For now, ignore this and stick with Shanks + # and Pottenger. +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2008-03-18): + # The English-language name of Vietnam's most populous city is "Ho Chi Min City"; + # we use Ho_Chi_Minh below to avoid a name of more than 14 characters. +  + # From Shanks & Pottenger:   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Saigon 7:06:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9 + Zone Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh 7:06:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9    7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?    7:00 - ICT 1912 May    8:00 - ICT 1931 May    7:00 - ICT      # Yemen -  +  + # Milne says 2:59:54 was the meridian of the saluting battery at Aden, + # and that Yemen was at 1:55:56, the meridian of the Hagia Sophia. +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Asia/Aden 3:00:48 - LMT 1950 + Zone Asia/Aden 2:59:54 - LMT 1950    3:00 - AST