pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / australasia

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:1: - # <pre> +    # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of   # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.      # This file also includes Pacific islands.      # Notes are at the end of this file      ###############################################################################      # Australia      # Please see the notes below for the controversy about "EST" versus "AEST" etc.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Aus 1917 only - Jan 1 0:01 1:00 - - Rule Aus 1917 only - Mar 25 2:00 0 - - Rule Aus 1942 only - Jan 1 2:00 1:00 - - Rule Aus 1942 only - Mar 29 2:00 0 - - Rule Aus 1942 only - Sep 27 2:00 1:00 - - Rule Aus 1943 1944 - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 - - Rule Aus 1943 only - Oct 3 2:00 1:00 - + Rule Aus 1917 only - Jan 1 0:01 1:00 D + Rule Aus 1917 only - Mar 25 2:00 0 S + Rule Aus 1942 only - Jan 1 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Aus 1942 only - Mar 29 2:00 0 S + Rule Aus 1942 only - Sep 27 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Aus 1943 1944 - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 S + Rule Aus 1943 only - Oct 3 2:00 1:00 D   # Go with Whitman and the Australian National Standards Commission, which   # says W Australia didn't use DST in 1943/1944. Ignore Whitman's claim that   # 1944/1945 was just like 1943/1944.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   # Northern Territory   Zone Australia/Darwin 8:43:20 - LMT 1895 Feb -  9:00 - CST 1899 May -  9:30 Aus CST +  9:00 - ACST 1899 May +  9:30 Aus AC%sT   # Western Australia   #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule AW 1974 only - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AW 1975 only - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AW 1983 only - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AW 1984 only - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AW 1991 only - Nov 17 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AW 1992 only - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AW 2006 only - Dec 3 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AW 2007 2009 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule AW 2007 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - + Rule AW 1974 only - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AW 1975 only - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AW 1983 only - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AW 1984 only - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AW 1991 only - Nov 17 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AW 1992 only - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AW 2006 only - Dec 3 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AW 2007 2009 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S + Rule AW 2007 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D   Zone Australia/Perth 7:43:24 - LMT 1895 Dec -  8:00 Aus WST 1943 Jul -  8:00 AW WST +  8:00 Aus AW%sT 1943 Jul +  8:00 AW AW%sT   Zone Australia/Eucla 8:35:28 - LMT 1895 Dec -  8:45 Aus CWST 1943 Jul -  8:45 AW CWST +  8:45 Aus ACW%sT 1943 Jul +  8:45 AW ACW%sT      # Queensland   #   # From Alex Livingston (1996-11-01):   # I have heard or read more than once that some resort islands off the coast   # of Queensland chose to keep observing daylight-saving time even after   # Queensland ceased to.   #   # From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22):   # IATA SSIM (1993-02/1994-09) say that the Holiday Islands (Hayman, Lindeman,   # Hamilton) observed DST for two years after the rest of Queensland stopped.   # Hamilton is the largest, but there is also a Hamilton in Victoria,   # so use Lindeman.   #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule AQ 1971 only - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AQ 1972 only - Feb lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule AQ 1989 1991 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AQ 1990 1992 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule Holiday 1992 1993 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule Holiday 1993 1994 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - + Rule AQ 1971 only - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AQ 1972 only - Feb lastSun 2:00s 0 S + Rule AQ 1989 1991 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AQ 1990 1992 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule Holiday 1992 1993 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule Holiday 1993 1994 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S   Zone Australia/Brisbane 10:12:08 - LMT 1895 -  10:00 Aus EST 1971 -  10:00 AQ EST +  10:00 Aus AE%sT 1971 +  10:00 AQ AE%sT   Zone Australia/Lindeman 9:55:56 - LMT 1895 -  10:00 Aus EST 1971 -  10:00 AQ EST 1992 Jul -  10:00 Holiday EST +  10:00 Aus AE%sT 1971 +  10:00 AQ AE%sT 1992 Jul +  10:00 Holiday AE%sT      # South Australia   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule AS 1971 1985 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AS 1986 only - Oct 19 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AS 1987 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AS 1972 only - Feb 27 2:00s 0 - - Rule AS 1973 1985 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AS 1986 1990 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 - - Rule AS 1991 only - Mar 3 2:00s 0 - - Rule AS 1992 only - Mar 22 2:00s 0 - - Rule AS 1993 only - Mar 7 2:00s 0 - - Rule AS 1994 only - Mar 20 2:00s 0 - - Rule AS 1995 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule AS 2006 only - Apr 2 2:00s 0 - - Rule AS 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule AS 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AS 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 - + Rule AS 1971 1985 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AS 1986 only - Oct 19 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AS 1987 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AS 1972 only - Feb 27 2:00s 0 S + Rule AS 1973 1985 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AS 1986 1990 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 S + Rule AS 1991 only - Mar 3 2:00s 0 S + Rule AS 1992 only - Mar 22 2:00s 0 S + Rule AS 1993 only - Mar 7 2:00s 0 S + Rule AS 1994 only - Mar 20 2:00s 0 S + Rule AS 1995 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S + Rule AS 2006 only - Apr 2 2:00s 0 S + Rule AS 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S + Rule AS 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AS 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Australia/Adelaide 9:14:20 - LMT 1895 Feb -  9:00 - CST 1899 May -  9:30 Aus CST 1971 -  9:30 AS CST +  9:00 - ACST 1899 May +  9:30 Aus AC%sT 1971 +  9:30 AS AC%sT      # Tasmania   #   # From Paul Eggert (2005-08-16):   # <http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/dst_times.shtml>   # says King Island didn't observe DST from WWII until late 1971.   #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule AT 1967 only - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AT 1968 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule AT 1968 1985 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AT 1969 1971 - Mar Sun>=8 2:00s 0 - - Rule AT 1972 only - Feb lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule AT 1973 1981 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AT 1982 1983 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule AT 1984 1986 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AT 1986 only - Oct Sun>=15 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AT 1987 1990 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 - - Rule AT 1987 only - Oct Sun>=22 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AT 1988 1990 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AT 1991 1999 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AT 1991 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule AT 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AT 2001 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AT 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AT 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule AT 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - + Rule AT 1967 only - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AT 1968 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S + Rule AT 1968 1985 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AT 1969 1971 - Mar Sun>=8 2:00s 0 S + Rule AT 1972 only - Feb lastSun 2:00s 0 S + Rule AT 1973 1981 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AT 1982 1983 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S + Rule AT 1984 1986 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AT 1986 only - Oct Sun>=15 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AT 1987 1990 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 S + Rule AT 1987 only - Oct Sun>=22 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AT 1988 1990 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AT 1991 1999 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AT 1991 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S + Rule AT 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AT 2001 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AT 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AT 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S + Rule AT 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Australia/Hobart 9:49:16 - LMT 1895 Sep -  10:00 - EST 1916 Oct 1 2:00 -  10:00 1:00 EST 1917 Feb -  10:00 Aus EST 1967 -  10:00 AT EST +  10:00 - AEST 1916 Oct 1 2:00 +  10:00 1:00 AEDT 1917 Feb +  10:00 Aus AE%sT 1967 +  10:00 AT AE%sT   Zone Australia/Currie 9:35:28 - LMT 1895 Sep -  10:00 - EST 1916 Oct 1 2:00 -  10:00 1:00 EST 1917 Feb -  10:00 Aus EST 1971 Jul -  10:00 AT EST +  10:00 - AEST 1916 Oct 1 2:00 +  10:00 1:00 AEDT 1917 Feb +  10:00 Aus AE%sT 1971 Jul +  10:00 AT AE%sT      # Victoria   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule AV 1971 1985 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AV 1972 only - Feb lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule AV 1973 1985 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AV 1986 1990 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 - - Rule AV 1986 1987 - Oct Sun>=15 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AV 1988 1999 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AV 1991 1994 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AV 1995 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule AV 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AV 2001 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AV 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AV 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule AV 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AV 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 - + Rule AV 1971 1985 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AV 1972 only - Feb lastSun 2:00s 0 S + Rule AV 1973 1985 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AV 1986 1990 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 S + Rule AV 1986 1987 - Oct Sun>=15 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AV 1988 1999 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AV 1991 1994 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AV 1995 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S + Rule AV 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AV 2001 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AV 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AV 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S + Rule AV 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AV 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Australia/Melbourne 9:39:52 - LMT 1895 Feb -  10:00 Aus EST 1971 -  10:00 AV EST +  10:00 Aus AE%sT 1971 +  10:00 AV AE%sT      # New South Wales   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule AN 1971 1985 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AN 1972 only - Feb 27 2:00s 0 - - Rule AN 1973 1981 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AN 1982 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AN 1983 1985 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AN 1986 1989 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 - - Rule AN 1986 only - Oct 19 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AN 1987 1999 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AN 1990 1995 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AN 1996 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule AN 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AN 2001 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 - - Rule AN 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AN 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule AN 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule AN 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 - + Rule AN 1971 1985 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AN 1972 only - Feb 27 2:00s 0 S + Rule AN 1973 1981 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AN 1982 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AN 1983 1985 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AN 1986 1989 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 S + Rule AN 1986 only - Oct 19 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AN 1987 1999 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AN 1990 1995 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AN 1996 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S + Rule AN 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AN 2001 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D + Rule AN 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AN 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S + Rule AN 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S + Rule AN 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Australia/Sydney 10:04:52 - LMT 1895 Feb -  10:00 Aus EST 1971 -  10:00 AN EST +  10:00 Aus AE%sT 1971 +  10:00 AN AE%sT   Zone Australia/Broken_Hill 9:25:48 - LMT 1895 Feb -  10:00 - EST 1896 Aug 23 -  9:00 - CST 1899 May -  9:30 Aus CST 1971 -  9:30 AN CST 2000 -  9:30 AS CST +  10:00 - AEST 1896 Aug 23 +  9:00 - ACST 1899 May +  9:30 Aus AC%sT 1971 +  9:30 AN AC%sT 2000 +  9:30 AS AC%sT      # Lord Howe Island   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule LH 1981 1984 - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 - - Rule LH 1982 1985 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00 0 - - Rule LH 1985 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0:30 - - Rule LH 1986 1989 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 - - Rule LH 1986 only - Oct 19 2:00 0:30 - - Rule LH 1987 1999 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0:30 - - Rule LH 1990 1995 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00 0 - - Rule LH 1996 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 - - Rule LH 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00 0:30 - - Rule LH 2001 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0:30 - - Rule LH 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 - - Rule LH 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 - - Rule LH 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 - - Rule LH 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 0:30 - + Rule LH 1981 1984 - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 D + Rule LH 1982 1985 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00 0 S + Rule LH 1985 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0:30 D + Rule LH 1986 1989 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 S + Rule LH 1986 only - Oct 19 2:00 0:30 D + Rule LH 1987 1999 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0:30 D + Rule LH 1990 1995 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00 0 S + Rule LH 1996 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 S + Rule LH 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00 0:30 D + Rule LH 2001 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0:30 D + Rule LH 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 S + Rule LH 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 S + Rule LH 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 S + Rule LH 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 0:30 D   Zone Australia/Lord_Howe 10:36:20 - LMT 1895 Feb -  10:00 - EST 1981 Mar -  10:30 LH LHST +  10:00 - AEST 1981 Mar +  10:30 LH LH%sT      # Australian miscellany   #   # Ashmore Is, Cartier   # no indigenous inhabitants; only seasonal caretakers   # no times are set   #   # Coral Sea Is   # no indigenous inhabitants; only meteorologists   # no times are set
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:226:   # Guess that it was like Australia/Hobart while inhabited before 2010.   #   # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-03-10):   # We got these changes from the Australian Antarctic Division:   # - Macquarie Island will stay on UTC+11 for winter and therefore not   # switch back from daylight savings time when other parts of Australia do   # on 4 April.   #   # From Arthur David Olson (2013-05-23):   # The 1919 transition is overspecified below so pre-2013 zics - # will produce a binary file with an EST-type as the first 32-bit type; + # will produce a binary file with an [A]EST-type as the first 32-bit type;   # this is required for correct handling of times before 1916 by   # pre-2013 versions of localtime.   Zone Antarctica/Macquarie 0 - zzz 1899 Nov -  10:00 - EST 1916 Oct 1 2:00 -  10:00 1:00 EST 1917 Feb -  10:00 Aus EST 1919 Apr 1 0:00s +  10:00 - AEST 1916 Oct 1 2:00 +  10:00 1:00 AEDT 1917 Feb +  10:00 Aus AE%sT 1919 Apr 1 0:00s    0 - zzz 1948 Mar 25 -  10:00 Aus EST 1967 -  10:00 AT EST 2010 Apr 4 3:00 +  10:00 Aus AE%sT 1967 +  10:00 AT AE%sT 2010 Apr 4 3:00    11:00 - MIST # Macquarie I Standard Time      # Christmas   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Indian/Christmas 7:02:52 - LMT 1895 Feb    7:00 - CXT # Christmas Island Time      # Cocos (Keeling) Is   # These islands were ruled by the Ross family from about 1830 to 1978.   # We don't know when standard time was introduced; for now, we guess 1900.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:260:      # Fiji      # Milne gives 11:55:44 for Suva.      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-11-10):   # According to Fiji Broadcasting Corporation, Fiji plans to re-introduce DST   # from November 29th 2009 to April 25th 2010.   #   # "Daylight savings to commence this month" - # <a href="http://www.radiofiji.com.fj/fullstory.php?id=23719"> +    # http://www.radiofiji.com.fj/fullstory.php?id=23719 - # </a> - # or - # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_fiji01.html"> +    # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_fiji01.html - # </a> +       # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-11-10):   # The Fiji Government has posted some more details about the approved   # amendments: - # <a href="http://www.fiji.gov.fj/publish/page_16198.shtml"> +    # http://www.fiji.gov.fj/publish/page_16198.shtml - # </a> +       # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-03-03):   # The Cabinet in Fiji has decided to end DST about a month early, on   # 2010-03-28 at 03:00.   # The plan is to observe DST again, from 2010-10-24 to sometime in March   # 2011 (last Sunday a good guess?).   #   # Official source: - # <a href="http://www.fiji.gov.fj/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1096:3310-cabinet-approves-change-in-daylight-savings-dates&catid=49:cabinet-releases&Itemid=166"> +    # http://www.fiji.gov.fj/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1096:3310-cabinet-approves-change-in-daylight-savings-dates&catid=49:cabinet-releases&Itemid=166 - # </a> +    #   # A bit more background info here: - # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/fiji-dst-ends-march-2010.html"> +    # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/fiji-dst-ends-march-2010.html - # </a> +       # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-10-24):   # According to Radio Fiji and Fiji Times online, Fiji will end DST 3   # weeks earlier than expected - on March 6, 2011, not March 27, 2011...   # Here is confirmation from Government of the Republic of the Fiji Islands,   # Ministry of Information (fiji.gov.fj) web site: - # <a href="http://www.fiji.gov.fj/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2608:daylight-savings&catid=71:press-releases&Itemid=155"> +    # http://www.fiji.gov.fj/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2608:daylight-savings&catid=71:press-releases&Itemid=155 - # </a> - # or - # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_fiji04.html"> +    # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_fiji04.html - # </a> +       # From Steffen Thorsen (2011-10-03):   # Now the dates have been confirmed, and at least our start date   # assumption was correct (end date was one week wrong).   # - # <a href="http://www.fiji.gov.fj/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=4966:daylight-saving-starts-in-fiji&catid=71:press-releases&Itemid=155"> - # www.fiji.gov.fj/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=4966:daylight-saving-starts-in-fiji&catid=71:press-releases&Itemid=155 - # </a> + # http://www.fiji.gov.fj/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=4966:daylight-saving-starts-in-fiji&catid=71:press-releases&Itemid=155   # which says   # Members of the public are reminded to change their time to one hour in   # advance at 2am to 3am on October 23, 2011 and one hour back at 3am to   # 2am on February 26 next year.      # From Ken Rylander (2011-10-24)   # Another change to the Fiji DST end date. In the TZ database the end date for   # Fiji DST 2012, is currently Feb 26. This has been changed to Jan 22.   # - # <a href="http://www.fiji.gov.fj/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=5017:amendments-to-daylight-savings&catid=71:press-releases&Itemid=155"> +    # http://www.fiji.gov.fj/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=5017:amendments-to-daylight-savings&catid=71:press-releases&Itemid=155 - # </a> +    # states:   #   # The end of daylight saving scheduled initially for the 26th of February 2012   # has been brought forward to the 22nd of January 2012.   # The commencement of daylight saving will remain unchanged and start   # on the 23rd of October, 2011.      # From the Fiji Government Online Portal (2012-08-21) via Steffen Thorsen:   # The Minister for Labour, Industrial Relations and Employment Mr Jone Usamate   # today confirmed that Fiji will start daylight savings at 2 am on Sunday 21st
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:439:    12:00 - NRT      # New Caledonia   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule NC 1977 1978 - Dec Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule NC 1978 1979 - Feb 27 0:00 0 -   Rule NC 1996 only - Dec 1 2:00s 1:00 S   # Shanks & Pottenger say the following was at 2:00; go with IATA.   Rule NC 1997 only - Mar 2 2:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Pacific/Noumea 11:05:48 - LMT 1912 Jan 13 + Zone Pacific/Noumea 11:05:48 - LMT 1912 Jan 13 # Nouméa    11:00 NC NC%sT         ###############################################################################      # New Zealand      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule NZ 1927 only - Nov 6 2:00 1:00 S   Rule NZ 1928 only - Mar 4 2:00 0 M
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:480:   Rule NZ 1990 2007 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 S   Rule Chatham 1990 2007 - Mar Sun>=15 2:45s 0 S   Rule NZ 2007 max - Sep lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D   Rule Chatham 2007 max - Sep lastSun 2:45s 1:00 D   Rule NZ 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S   Rule Chatham 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:45s 0 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Pacific/Auckland 11:39:04 - LMT 1868 Nov 2    11:30 NZ NZ%sT 1946 Jan 1    12:00 NZ NZ%sT - Zone Pacific/Chatham 12:13:48 - LMT 1957 Jan 1 + Zone Pacific/Chatham 12:13:48 - LMT 1868 Nov 2 +  12:15 - CHAST 1946 Jan 1    12:45 Chatham CHA%sT      Link Pacific/Auckland Antarctica/McMurdo      # Auckland Is - # uninhabited; Maori and Moriori, colonial settlers, pastoralists, sealers, + # uninhabited; Māori and Moriori, colonial settlers, pastoralists, sealers,   # and scientific personnel have wintered      # Campbell I   # minor whaling stations operated 1909/1914   # scientific station operated 1941/1995;   # previously whalers, sealers, pastoralists, and scientific personnel wintered   # was probably like Pacific/Auckland      # Cook Is   # From Shanks & Pottenger:
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:542:      # Pitcairn   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Pacific/Pitcairn -8:40:20 - LMT 1901 # Adamstown    -8:30 - PNT 1998 Apr 27 00:00    -8:00 - PST # Pitcairn Standard Time      # American Samoa   Zone Pacific/Pago_Pago 12:37:12 - LMT 1879 Jul 5    -11:22:48 - LMT 1911 -  -11:30 - SAMT 1950 # Samoa Time +     -11:00 - NST 1967 Apr # N=Nome    -11:00 - BST 1983 Nov 30 # B=Bering    -11:00 - SST # S=Samoa    - # Samoa + # Samoa (formerly and also known as Western Samoa)      # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-10-16):   # We have been in contact with the government of Samoa again, and received   # the following info:   #   # "Cabinet has now approved Daylight Saving to be effected next year   # commencing from the last Sunday of September 2010 and conclude first   # Sunday of April 2011."   #   # Background info: - # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/samoa-dst-plan-2009.html"> +    # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/samoa-dst-plan-2009.html - # </a> +    #   # Samoa's Daylight Saving Time Act 2009 is available here, but does not   # contain any dates: - # <a href="http://www.parliament.gov.ws/documents/acts/Daylight%20Saving%20Act%20%202009%20%28English%29%20-%20Final%207-7-091.pdf"> +    # http://www.parliament.gov.ws/documents/acts/Daylight%20Saving%20Act%20%202009%20%28English%29%20-%20Final%207-7-091.pdf - # </a> +       # From Laupue Raymond Hughes (2010-10-07):   # Please see - # <a href="http://www.mcil.gov.ws"> +    # http://www.mcil.gov.ws - # </a>, +    # the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Labour (sideframe) "Last Sunday   # September 2010 (26/09/10) - adjust clocks forward from 12:00 midnight   # to 01:00am and First Sunday April 2011 (03/04/11) - adjust clocks   # backwards from 1:00am to 12:00am"      # From Laupue Raymond Hughes (2011-03-07): - # I believe this will be posted shortly on the website - # <a href="http://www.mcil.gov.ws"> - # www.mcil.gov.ws - # </a> + # [http://www.mcil.gov.ws/ftcd/daylight_saving_2011.pdf]   # - # PUBLIC NOTICE ON DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME - # - # Pursuant to the Daylight Saving Act 2009 and Cabinets decision, - # businesses and the general public are hereby advised that daylight - # saving time is on the first Saturday of April 2011 (02/04/11). - # - # The public is therefore advised that when the standard time strikes - # the hour of four oclock (4.00am or 0400 Hours) on the 2nd April 2011, - # then all instruments used to measure standard time are to be - # adjusted/changed to three oclock (3:00am or 0300Hrs). - # - # Margaret Fruean ACTING CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER MINISTRY OF COMMERCE, - # INDUSTRY AND LABOUR 28th February 2011 + # ... when the standard time strikes the hour of four o'clock (4.00am + # or 0400 Hours) on the 2nd April 2011, then all instruments used to + # measure standard time are to be adjusted/changed to three o'clock + # (3:00am or 0300Hrs).    - # From David Zuelke (2011-05-09): + # From David Zülke (2011-05-09):   # Subject: Samoa to move timezone from east to west of international date line   # - # <a href="http://www.morningstar.co.uk/uk/markets/newsfeeditem.aspx?id=138501958347963"> +    # http://www.morningstar.co.uk/uk/markets/newsfeeditem.aspx?id=138501958347963 - # </a> +     - # From Mark Sim-Smith (2011-08-17): - # I have been in contact with Leilani Tuala Warren from the Samoa Law - # Reform Commission, and she has sent me a copy of the Bill that she - # confirmed has been passed...Most of the sections are about maps rather - # than the time zone change, but I'll paste the relevant bits below. But - # the essence is that at midnight 29 Dec (UTC-11 I suppose), Samoa - # changes from UTC-11 to UTC+13: - # - # International Date Line Bill 2011 - # - # AN ACT to provide for the change to standard time in Samoa and to make - # consequential amendments to the position of the International Date - # Line, and for related purposes. - # - # BE IT ENACTED by the Legislative Assembly of Samoa in Parliament - # assembled as follows: - # - # 1. Short title and commencement-(1) This Act may be cited as the - # International Date Line Act 2011. (2) Except for section 5(3) this Act - # commences at 12 o'clock midnight, on Thursday 29th December 2011. (3) - # Section 5(3) commences on the date of assent by the Head of State. - # - # [snip] - # - # 3. Interpretation - [snip] "Samoa standard time" in this Act and any - # other statute of Samoa which refers to 'Samoa standard time' means the - # time 13 hours in advance of Co-ordinated Universal Time. - # - # 4. Samoa standard time - (1) Upon the commencement of this Act, Samoa - # standard time shall be set at 13 hours in advance of Co-ordinated - # Universal Time for the whole of Samoa. (2) All references to Samoa's - # time zone and to Samoa standard time in Samoa in all legislation and - # instruments after the commencement of this Act shall be references to - # Samoa standard time as provided for in this Act. (3) Nothing in this - # Act affects the provisions of the Daylight Saving Act 2009, except that - # it defines Samoa standard time.... + # From Paul Eggert (2014-06-27): + # The International Date Line Act 2011 + # http://www.parliament.gov.ws/images/ACTS/International_Date_Line_Act__2011_-_Eng.pdf + # changed Samoa from UTC-11 to UTC+13, effective "12 o'clock midnight, on + # Thursday 29th December 2011". The International Date Line was adjusted + # accordingly.      # From Laupue Raymond Hughes (2011-09-02): - # <a href="http://www.mcil.gov.ws/mcil_publications.html"> +    # http://www.mcil.gov.ws/mcil_publications.html - # </a> +    #   # here is the official website publication for Samoa DST and dateline change   #   # DST - # Year End Time Start Time - # 2011 - - - - - - 24 September 3:00am to 4:00am - # 2012 01 April 4:00am to 3:00am - - - - - - + # Year End Time Start Time + # 2011 - - - - - - 24 September 3:00am to 4:00am + # 2012 01 April 4:00am to 3:00am - - - - - -   #   # Dateline Change skip Friday 30th Dec 2011   # Thursday 29th December 2011 23:59:59 Hours   # Saturday 31st December 2011 00:00:00 Hours   # - # Clarification by Tim Parenti (2012-01-03): - # Although Samoa has used Daylight Saving Time in the 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 - # seasons, there is not yet any indication that this trend will continue on - # a regular basis. For now, we have explicitly listed the transitions below. - # - # From Nicky (2012-09-10): + # From Nicholas Pereira (2012-09-10):   # Daylight Saving Time commences on Sunday 30th September 2012 and - # ends on Sunday 7th of April 2013. - # - # Please find link below for more information. + # ends on Sunday 7th of April 2013....   # http://www.mcil.gov.ws/mcil_publications.html   # - # That publication also includes dates for Summer of 2013/4 as well - # which give the impression of a pattern in selecting dates for the - # future, so for now, we will guess this will continue. + # From Paul Eggert (2014-07-08): + # That web page currently lists transitions for 2012/3 and 2013/4. + # Assume the pattern instituted in 2012 will continue indefinitely.    - # Western Samoa +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S -  + Rule WS 2010 only - Sep lastSun 0:00 1 D + Rule WS 2011 only - Apr Sat>=1 4:00 0 S + Rule WS 2011 only - Sep lastSat 3:00 1 D + Rule WS 2012 max - Apr Sun>=1 4:00 0 S   Rule WS 2012 max - Sep lastSun 3:00 1 D - Rule WS 2012 max - Apr Sun>=1 4:00 0 - +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Pacific/Apia 12:33:04 - LMT 1879 Jul 5    -11:26:56 - LMT 1911 -  -11:30 - SAMT 1950 # Samoa Time -  -11:00 - WST 2010 Sep 26 -  -11:00 1:00 WSDT 2011 Apr 2 4:00 -  -11:00 - WST 2011 Sep 24 3:00 -  -11:00 1:00 WSDT 2011 Dec 30 -  13:00 1:00 WSDT 2012 Apr Sun>=1 4:00 +  -11:30 - WSST 1950 +  -11:00 WS S%sT 2011 Dec 29 24:00 # S=Samoa    13:00 WS WS%sT      # Solomon Is   # excludes Bougainville, for which see Papua New Guinea   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Pacific/Guadalcanal 10:39:48 - LMT 1912 Oct # Honiara    11:00 - SBT # Solomon Is Time      # Tokelau Is   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:865:   # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which   # I found in the UCLA library.   #   # For data circa 1899, a common source is:   # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94   # <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.   #   # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is   # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).   # - # I invented the abbreviations marked `*' in the following table; + # I invented the abbreviations marked '*' in the following table;   # the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.   # Corrections are welcome! - # std dst - # LMT Local Mean Time - # 8:00 WST WST Western Australia - # 8:45 CWST CWST Central Western Australia* - # 9:00 JST Japan - # 9:30 CST CST Central Australia - # 10:00 EST EST Eastern Australia - # 10:00 ChST Chamorro - # 10:30 LHST LHST Lord Howe* - # 11:30 NZMT NZST New Zealand through 1945 - # 12:00 NZST NZDT New Zealand 1946-present - # 12:45 CHAST CHADT Chatham* - # -11:00 SST Samoa - # -10:00 HST Hawaii - # - 8:00 PST Pitcairn* + # std dst + # LMT Local Mean Time + # 8:00 AWST AWDT Western Australia + # 8:45 ACWST ACWDT Central Western Australia* + # 9:00 JST Japan + # 9:30 ACST ACDT Central Australia + # 10:00 AEST AEDT Eastern Australia + # 10:00 ChST Chamorro + # 10:30 LHST LHDT Lord Howe* + # 11:30 NZMT NZST New Zealand through 1945 + # 12:00 NZST NZDT New Zealand 1946-present + # 12:15 CHAST Chatham through 1945* + # 12:45 CHAST CHADT Chatham 1946-present* + # 13:00 WSST WSDT (western) Samoa 2011-present* + # -11:30 WSST Western Samoa through 1950* + # -11:00 SST Samoa + # -10:00 HST Hawaii + # - 8:00 PST Pitcairn*   # - # See the `northamerica' file for Hawaii. - # See the `southamerica' file for Easter I and the Galapagos Is. + # See the 'northamerica' file for Hawaii. + # See the 'southamerica' file for Easter I and the Galápagos Is.      ###############################################################################      # Australia    -  + # From Paul Eggert (2014-06-30): + # Daylight saving time has long been controversial in Australia, pitting + # region against region, rural against urban, and local against global. + # For example, in her review of Graeme Davison's _The Unforgiving + # Minute: how Australians learned to tell the time_ (1993), Perth native + # Phillipa J Martyr wrote, "The section entitled 'Saving Daylight' was + # very informative, but was (as can, sadly, only be expected from a + # Melbourne-based study) replete with the usual chuckleheaded + # Queenslanders and straw-chewing yokels from the West prattling fables + # about fading curtains and crazed farm animals." + # Electronic Journal of Australian and New Zealand History (1997-03-03) + # http://www.jcu.edu.au/aff/history/reviews/davison.htm +    # From Paul Eggert (2005-12-08): - # <a href="http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/dst_times.shtml"> +    # Implementation Dates of Daylight Saving Time within Australia - # </a> summarizes daylight saving issues in Australia. + # <http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/dst_times.shtml> + # summarizes daylight saving issues in Australia.      # From Arthur David Olson (2005-12-12): - # <a href="http://www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lawlink/Corporate/ll_agdinfo.nsf/pages/community_relations_daylight_saving"> +    # Lawlink NSW:Daylight Saving in New South Wales - # </a> covers New South Wales in particular. + # <http://www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lawlink/Corporate/ll_agdinfo.nsf/pages/community_relations_daylight_saving> + # covers New South Wales in particular.      # From John Mackin (1991-03-06): - # We in Australia have _never_ referred to DST as `daylight' time. - # It is called `summer' time. Now by a happy coincidence, `summer' - # and `standard' happen to start with the same letter; hence, the + # We in Australia have _never_ referred to DST as 'daylight' time. + # It is called 'summer' time. Now by a happy coincidence, 'summer' + # and 'standard' happen to start with the same letter; hence, the   # abbreviation does _not_ change...   # The legislation does not actually define abbreviations, at least   # in this State, but the abbreviation is just commonly taken to be the   # initials of the phrase, and the legislation here uniformly uses - # the phrase `summer time' and does not use the phrase `daylight + # the phrase 'summer time' and does not use the phrase 'daylight   # time'.   # Announcers on the Commonwealth radio network, the ABC (for Australian - # Broadcasting Commission), use the phrases `Eastern Standard Time' - # or `Eastern Summer Time'. (Note, though, that as I say in the + # Broadcasting Commission), use the phrases 'Eastern Standard Time' + # or 'Eastern Summer Time'. (Note, though, that as I say in the   # current australasia file, there is really no such thing.) Announcers   # on its overseas service, Radio Australia, use the same phrases - # prefixed by the word `Australian' when referring to local times; + # prefixed by the word 'Australian' when referring to local times;   # time announcements on that service, naturally enough, are made in UTC.    - # From Arthur David Olson (1992-03-08): - # Given the above, what's chosen for year-round use is: - # CST for any place operating at a GMTOFF of 9:30 - # WST for any place operating at a GMTOFF of 8:00 - # EST for any place operating at a GMTOFF of 10:00 -  - # From Chuck Soper (2006-06-01): - # I recently found this Australian government web page on time zones: - # <http://www.australia.gov.au/about-australia-13time> - # And this government web page lists time zone names and abbreviations: - # <http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/daysavtm.shtml> -  - # From Paul Eggert (2001-04-05), summarizing a long discussion about "EST" - # versus "AEST" etc.: + # From Paul Eggert (2014-06-30):   # - # I see the following points of dispute: + # Inspired by Mackin's remarks quoted above, earlier versions of this + # file used "EST" for both Eastern Standard Time and Eastern Summer + # Time in Australia, and similarly for "CST", "CWST", and "WST". + # However, these abbreviations were confusing and were not common + # practice among Australians, and there were justifiable complaints + # about them, so I attempted to survey current Australian usage. + # For the tz database, the full English phrase is not that important; + # what matters is the abbreviation. It's difficult to survey the web + # directly for abbreviation usage, as there are so many false hits for + # strings like "EST" and "EDT", so I looked for pages that defined an + # abbreviation for eastern or central DST in Australia, and got the + # following numbers of unique hits for the listed Google queries:   # - # * How important are unique time zone abbreviations? + # 10 "Eastern Daylight Time AEST" site:au [some are false hits] + # 10 "Eastern Summer Time AEST" site:au + # 10 "Summer Time AEDT" site:au + # 13 "EDST Eastern Daylight Saving Time" site:au + # 18 "Summer Time ESST" site:au + # 28 "Eastern Daylight Saving Time EDST" site:au + # 39 "EDT Eastern Daylight Time" site:au [some are false hits] + # 53 "Eastern Daylight Time EDT" site:au [some are false hits] + # 54 "AEDT Australian Eastern Daylight Time" site:au + # 182 "Eastern Daylight Time AEDT" site:au   # - # Here I tend to agree with the point (most recently made by Chris - # Newman) that unique abbreviations should not be essential for proper - # operation of software. We have other instances of ambiguity - # (e.g. "IST" denoting both "Israel Standard Time" and "Indian - # Standard Time"), and they are not likely to go away any time soon. - # In the old days, some software mistakenly relied on unique - # abbreviations, but this is becoming less true with time, and I don't - # think it's that important to cater to such software these days. + # 17 "Central Daylight Time CDT" site:au [some are false hits] + # 46 "Central Daylight Time ACDT" site:au   # - # On the other hand, there is another motivation for unambiguous - # abbreviations: it cuts down on human confusion. This is - # particularly true for Australia, where "EST" can mean one thing for - # time T and a different thing for time T plus 1 second. + # I tried several other variants (e.g., "Eastern Summer Time EST") but + # they all returned fewer than 10 unique hits. I also looked for pages + # mentioning both "western standard time" and an abbreviation, since + # there is no WST in the US to generate false hits, and found:   # - # * Does the relevant legislation indicate which abbreviations should be used? + # 156 "western standard time" AWST site:au + # 226 "western standard time" WST site:au   # - # Here I tend to think that things are a mess, just as they are in - # many other countries. We Americans are currently disagreeing about - # which abbreviation to use for the newly legislated Chamorro Standard - # Time, for example. + # I then surveyed the top ten newspapers in Australia by circulation as + # listed in Wikipedia, using Google queries like "AEDT site:heraldsun.com.au" + # and obtaining estimated counts from the initial page of search results. + # All ten papers greatly preferred "AEDT" to "EDT". The papers + # surveyed were the Herald Sun, The Daily Telegraph, The Courier-Mail, + # The Sydney Morning Herald, The West Australian, The Age, The Advertiser, + # The Australian, The Financial Review, and The Herald (Newcastle).   # - # Personally, I would prefer to use common practice; I would like to - # refer to legislation only for examples of common practice, or as a - # tiebreaker. + # I also searched for historical usage, to see whether abbreviations + # like "AEDT" are new. A Trove search <http://trove.nla.gov.au/> + # found only one newspaper (The Canberra Times) with a house style + # dating back to the 1970s, I expect because other newspapers weren't + # fully indexed. The Canberra Times strongly preferred abbreviations + # like "AEDT". The first occurrence of "AEDT" was a World Weather + # column (1971-11-17, page 24), and of "ACDT" was a Scoreboard column + # (1993-01-24, p 16). The style was the typical usage but was not + # strictly enforced; for example, "Welcome to the twilight zones ..." + # (1994-10-29, p 1) uses the abbreviations AEST/AEDT, CST/CDT, and + # WST, and goes on to say, "The confusion and frustration some feel + # about the lack of uniformity among Australia's six states and two + # territories has prompted one group to form its very own political + # party -- the Sydney-based Daylight Saving Extension Party."   # - # * Do Australians more often use "Eastern Daylight Time" or "Eastern - # Summer Time"? Do they typically prefix the time zone names with - # the word "Australian"? + # I also surveyed federal government sources. They did not agree:   # - # My own impression is that both "Daylight Time" and "Summer Time" are - # common and are widely understood, but that "Summer Time" is more - # popular; and that the leading "A" is also common but is omitted more - # often than not. I just used AltaVista advanced search and got the - # following count of page hits: + # The Australian Government (2014-03-26) + # http://australia.gov.au/about-australia/our-country/time + # (This document was produced by the Department of Finance.) + # AEST ACST AWST AEDT ACDT   # - # 1,103 "Eastern Summer Time" AND domain:au - # 971 "Australian Eastern Summer Time" AND domain:au - # 613 "Eastern Daylight Time" AND domain:au - # 127 "Australian Eastern Daylight Time" AND domain:au + # Bureau of Meteorology (2012-11-08) + # http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/daysavtm.shtml + # EST CST WST EDT CDT   # - # Here "Summer" seems quite a bit more popular than "Daylight", - # particularly when we know the time zone is Australian and not US, - # say. The "Australian" prefix seems to be popular for Eastern Summer - # Time, but unpopular for Eastern Daylight Time. + # Civil Aviation Safety Authority (undated) + # http://services.casa.gov.au/outnback/inc/pages/episode3/episode-3_time_zones.shtml + # EST CST WST (no abbreviations given for DST)   # - # For abbreviations, tools like AltaVista are less useful because of - # ambiguity. Many hits are not really time zones, unfortunately, and - # many hits denote US time zones and not Australian ones. But here - # are the hit counts anyway: + # Geoscience Australia (2011-11-24) + # http://www.ga.gov.au/geodesy/astro/sunrise.jsp + # AEST ACST AWST AEDT ACDT   # - # 161,304 "EST" and domain:au - # 25,156 "EDT" and domain:au - # 18,263 "AEST" and domain:au - # 10,416 "AEDT" and domain:au + # Parliamentary Library (2008-11-10) + # http://www.aph.gov.au/binaries/library/pubs/rp/2008-09/09rp14.pdf + # EST CST WST preferred for standard time; AEST AEDT ACST ACDT also used   # - # 14,538 "CST" and domain:au - # 5,728 "CDT" and domain:au - # 176 "ACST" and domain:au - # 29 "ACDT" and domain:au + # The Transport Safety Bureau has an extensive series of accident reports, + # and investigators seem to use whatever abbreviation they like. + # Googling site:atsb.gov.au found the following number of unique hits: + # 311 "ESuT", 195 "EDT", 26 "AEDT", 83 "CSuT", 46 "CDT". + # "_SuT" tended to appear in older reports, and "A_DT" tended to + # appear in reports of events with international implications.   # - # 7,539 "WST" and domain:au - # 68 "AWST" and domain:au - # - # This data suggest that Australians tend to omit the "A" prefix in - # practice. The situation for "ST" versus "DT" is less clear, given - # the ambiguities involved. - # - # * How do Australians feel about the abbreviations in the tz database? - # - # If you just count Australians on this list, I count 2 in favor and 3 - # against. One of the "against" votes (David Keegel) counseled delay, - # saying that both AEST/AEDT and EST/EST are widely used and - # understood in Australia. + # From the above it appears that there is a working consensus in + # Australia to use trailing "DT" for daylight saving time; although + # some sources use trailing "SST" or "ST" or "SuT" they are by far in + # the minority. The case for leading "A" is weaker, but since it + # seems to be preferred in the overall web and is preferred in all + # the leading newspaper websites and in many government departments, + # it has a stronger case than omitting the leading "A". The current + # version of the database therefore uses abbreviations like "AEST" and + # "AEDT" for Australian time zones.      # From Paul Eggert (1995-12-19):   # Shanks & Pottenger report 2:00 for all autumn changes in Australia and NZ.   # Mark Prior writes that his newspaper   # reports that NSW's fall 1995 change will occur at 2:00,   # but Robert Elz says it's been 3:00 in Victoria since 1970 - # and perhaps the newspaper's `2:00' is referring to standard time. + # and perhaps the newspaper's '2:00' is referring to standard time.   # For now we'll continue to assume 2:00s for changes since 1960.      # From Eric Ulevik (1998-01-05):   #   # Here are some URLs to Australian time legislation. These URLs are stable,   # and should probably be included in the data file. There are probably more   # relevant entries in this database.   #   # NSW (including LHI and Broken Hill): - # <a href="http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/sta1987137/index.html"> +    # Standard Time Act 1987 (updated 1995-04-04) - # </a> + # <http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/sta1987137/index.html>   # ACT - # <a href="http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/act/consol_act/stasta1972279/index.html"> +    # Standard Time and Summer Time Act 1972 - # </a> + # <http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/act/consol_act/stasta1972279/index.html>   # SA - # <a href="http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/sa/consol_act/sta1898137/index.html"> +    # Standard Time Act, 1898 - # </a> + # <http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/sa/consol_act/sta1898137/index.html>      # From David Grosz (2005-06-13):   # It was announced last week that Daylight Saving would be extended by   # one week next year to allow for the 2006 Commonwealth Games.   # Daylight Saving is now to end for next year only on the first Sunday   # in April instead of the last Sunday in March.   #   # From Gwillim Law (2005-06-14):   # I did some Googling and found that all of those states (and territory) plan   # to extend DST together in 2006.   # ACT: http://www.cmd.act.gov.au/mediareleases/fileread.cfm?file=86.txt   # New South Wales: http://www.thecouriermail.news.com.au/common/story_page/0,5936,15538869%255E1702,00.html   # South Australia: http://www.news.com.au/story/0,10117,15555031-1246,00.html   # Tasmania: http://www.media.tas.gov.au/release.php?id=14772   # Victoria: I wasn't able to find anything separate, but the other articles   # allude to it.   # But not Queensland - # http://www.news.com.au/story/0,10117,15564030-1248,00.html. + # http://www.news.com.au/story/0,10117,15564030-1248,00.html      # Northern Territory      # From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):   # # The NORTHERN TERRITORY.. [ Courtesy N.T. Dept of the Chief Minister ]   # # [ Nov 1990 ]   # # N.T. have never utilised any DST due to sub-tropical/tropical location.   # ...   # Zone Australia/North 9:30 - CST   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:1102:   # Western Australia is still on "winter time". Some DH in Sydney   # rang me at home a few days ago at 6.00am. (He had just arrived at   # work at 9.00am.)   # W.A. is switching to Summer Time on Nov 17th just to confuse   # everybody again.      # From Arthur David Olson (1992-03-08):   # The 1992 ending date used in the rules is a best guess;   # it matches what was used in the past.    - # <a href="http://www.bom.gov.au/faq/faqgen.htm"> +    # The Australian Bureau of Meteorology FAQ - # </a> (1999-09-27) writes that Giles Meteorological Station uses + # <http://www.bom.gov.au/faq/faqgen.htm> + # (1999-09-27) writes that Giles Meteorological Station uses   # South Australian time even though it's located in Western Australia.      # Queensland   # From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):   # # The state of QUEENSLAND.. [ Courtesy Qld. Dept Premier Econ&Trade Devel ]   # # [ Dec 1990 ]   # ...   # Zone Australia/Queensland 10:00 AQ %sST   # ...   # Rule AQ 1971 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:1145:   # in the experimental daylight saving system being abandoned. So, ...   # ...   # Rule QLD 1989 1991 - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   # Rule QLD 1990 1992 - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 S   # ...      # From Arthur David Olson (1992-03-08):   # The chosen rules the union of the 1971/1972 change and the 1989-1992 changes.      # From Christopher Hunt (2006-11-21), after an advance warning - # from Jesper Norgaard Welen (2006-11-01): + # from Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2006-11-01):   # WA are trialing DST for three years.   # <http://www.parliament.wa.gov.au/parliament/bills.nsf/9A1B183144403DA54825721200088DF1/$File/Bill175-1B.pdf>      # From Rives McDow (2002-04-09):   # The most interesting region I have found consists of three towns on the   # southern coast.... South Australia observes daylight saving time; Western   # Australia does not. The two states are one and a half hours apart. The   # residents decided to forget about this nonsense of changing the clock so   # much and set the local time 20 hours and 45 minutes from the   # international date line, or right in the middle of the time of South
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:1309:   # From Paul Eggert (2007-07-23):   # See "southeast Australia" above for 2008 and later.      # New South Wales      # From Arthur David Olson:   # New South Wales and subjurisdictions have their own ideas of a fun time.   # Based on law library research by John Mackin,   # who notes:   # In Australia, time is not legislated federally, but rather by the - # individual states. Thus, while such terms as ``Eastern Standard Time'' + # individual states. Thus, while such terms as "Eastern Standard Time"   # [I mean, of course, Australian EST, not any other kind] are in common   # use, _they have NO REAL MEANING_, as they are not defined in the   # legislation. This is very important to understand.   # I have researched New South Wales time only...      # From Eric Ulevik (1999-05-26):   # DST will start in NSW on the last Sunday of August, rather than the usual   # October in 2000. [See: Matthew Moore, - # <a href="http://www.smh.com.au/news/9905/26/pageone/pageone4.html"> +    # Two months more daylight saving - # </a> - # Sydney Morning Herald (1999-05-26).] + # Sydney Morning Herald (1999-05-26) + # <http://www.smh.com.au/news/9905/26/pageone/pageone4.html>]      # From Paul Eggert (1999-09-27):   # See the following official NSW source: - # <a href="http://dir.gis.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/genobject/document/other/daylightsaving/tigGmZ"> +    # Daylight Saving in New South Wales. - # </a> + # <http://dir.gis.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/genobject/document/other/daylightsaving/tigGmZ>   #   # Narrabri Shire (NSW) council has announced it will ignore the extension of   # daylight saving next year. See: - # <a href="http://abc.net.au/news/regionals/neweng/monthly/regeng-22jul1999-1.htm"> +    # Narrabri Council to ignore daylight saving - # </a> (1999-07-22). For now, we'll wait to see if this really happens. + # <http://abc.net.au/news/regionals/neweng/monthly/regeng-22jul1999-1.htm> + # (1999-07-22). For now, we'll wait to see if this really happens.   #   # Victoria will following NSW. See: - # <a href="http://abc.net.au/local/news/olympics/1999/07/item19990728112314_1.htm"> - # Vic to extend daylight saving - # </a> (1999-07-28). + # Vic to extend daylight saving (1999-07-28) + # <http://abc.net.au/local/news/olympics/1999/07/item19990728112314_1.htm>   #   # However, South Australia rejected the DST request. See: - # <a href="http://abc.net.au/news/olympics/1999/07/item19990719151754_1.htm"> - # South Australia rejects Olympics daylight savings request - # </a> (1999-07-19). + # South Australia rejects Olympics daylight savings request (1999-07-19) + # <http://abc.net.au/news/olympics/1999/07/item19990719151754_1.htm>   #   # Queensland also will not observe DST for the Olympics. See: - # <a href="http://abc.net.au/news/olympics/1999/06/item19990601114608_1.htm"> +    # Qld says no to daylight savings for Olympics - # </a> (1999-06-01), which quotes Queensland Premier Peter Beattie as saying - # ``Look you've got to remember in my family when this came up last time + # <http://abc.net.au/news/olympics/1999/06/item19990601114608_1.htm> + # (1999-06-01), which quotes Queensland Premier Peter Beattie as saying + # "Look you've got to remember in my family when this came up last time   # I voted for it, my wife voted against it and she said to me it's all very   # well for you, you don't have to worry about getting the children out of   # bed, getting them to school, getting them to sleep at night. - # I've been through all this argument domestically...my wife rules.'' + # I've been through all this argument domestically...my wife rules."   #   # Broken Hill will stick with South Australian time in 2000. See: - # <a href="http://abc.net.au/news/regionals/brokenh/monthly/regbrok-21jul1999-6.htm"> - # Broken Hill to be behind the times - # </a> (1999-07-21). + # Broken Hill to be behind the times (1999-07-21) + # <http://abc.net.au/news/regionals/brokenh/monthly/regbrok-21jul1999-6.htm>      # IATA SSIM (1998-09) says that the spring 2000 change for Australian   # Capital Territory, New South Wales except Lord Howe Island and Broken   # Hill, and Victoria will be August 27, presumably due to the Sydney Olympics.      # From Eric Ulevik, referring to Sydney's Sun Herald (2000-08-13), page 29:   # The Queensland Premier Peter Beattie is encouraging northern NSW   # towns to use Queensland time.      # From Paul Eggert (2007-07-23):   # See "southeast Australia" above for 2008 and later.      # Yancowinna      # From John Mackin (1989-01-04): - # `Broken Hill' means the County of Yancowinna. + # 'Broken Hill' means the County of Yancowinna.      # From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):   # # YANCOWINNA.. [ Confirmation courtesy of Broken Hill Postmaster ]   # # [ Dec 1990 ]   # ...   # # Yancowinna uses Central Standard Time, despite [its] location on the   # # New South Wales side of the S.A. border. Most business and social dealings   # # are with CST zones, therefore CST is legislated by local government   # # although the switch to Summer Time occurs in line with N.S.W. There have   # # been years when this did not apply, but the historical data is not
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:1431:      # From Paul Eggert (2007-07-23):   # See "southeast Australia" above for 2008 and later.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-04-28):   # According to the official press release, South Australia's extended daylight   # saving period will continue with the same rules as used during the 2008-2009   # summer (southern hemisphere).   #   # From - # <a href="http://www.safework.sa.gov.au/uploaded_files/DaylightDatesSet.pdf"> +    # http://www.safework.sa.gov.au/uploaded_files/DaylightDatesSet.pdf - # </a> +    # The extended daylight saving period that South Australia has been trialling   # for over the last year is now set to be ongoing.   # Daylight saving will continue to start on the first Sunday in October each   # year and finish on the first Sunday in April the following year.   # Industrial Relations Minister, Paul Caica, says this provides South Australia   # with a consistent half hour time difference with NSW, Victoria, Tasmania and   # the ACT for all 52 weeks of the year...   #   # We have a wrap-up here: - # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/south-australia-extends-dst.html"> +    # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/south-australia-extends-dst.html - # </a> +    ###############################################################################      # New Zealand      # From Mark Davies (1990-10-03):   # the 1989/90 year was a trial of an extended "daylight saving" period.   # This trial was deemed successful and the extended period adopted for   # subsequent years (with the addition of a further week at the start). - # source -- phone call to Ministry of Internal Affairs Head Office. + # source - phone call to Ministry of Internal Affairs Head Office.      # From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):   # # The Country of New Zealand (Australia's east island -) Gee they hate that!   # # or is Australia the west island of N.Z.   # # [ courtesy of Geoff Tribble.. Auckland N.Z. ]   # # [ Nov 1990 ]   # ...   # Rule NZ 1974 1988 - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   # Rule NZ 1989 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D   # Rule NZ 1975 1989 - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:1496:   # For Chatham, IATA SSIM (1991/1999) gives the NZ rules but with   # transitions at 2:45 local standard time; this confirms that Chatham   # is always exactly 45 minutes ahead of Auckland.      # From Colin Sharples (2007-04-30):   # DST will now start on the last Sunday in September, and end on the   # first Sunday in April. The changes take effect this year, meaning   # that DST will begin on 2007-09-30 2008-04-06.   # http://www.dia.govt.nz/diawebsite.nsf/wpg_URL/Services-Daylight-Saving-Daylight-saving-to-be-extended    + # From Paul Eggert (2014-07-14): + # Chatham Island time was formally standardized on 1957-01-01 by + # New Zealand's Standard Time Amendment Act 1956 (1956-10-26) + # <http://www.austlii.edu.au/nz/legis/hist_act/staa19561956n100244.pdf>. + # According to Google Books snippet view, a speaker in the New Zealand + # parliamentary debates in 1956 said "Clause 78 makes provision for standard + # time in the Chatham Islands. The time there is 45 minutes in advance of New + # Zealand time. I understand that is the time they keep locally, anyhow." + # For now, assume this practice goes back to the introduction of standard time + # in New Zealand, as this would make Chatham Islands time almost exactly match + # LMT back when New Zealand was at UTC+11:30; also, assume Chatham Islands did + # not observe New Zealand's prewar DST. +    ###############################################################################         # Fiji      # Howse writes (p 153) that in 1879 the British governor of Fiji   # enacted an ordinance standardizing the islands on Antipodean Time   # instead of the American system (which was one day behind).      # From Rives McDow (1998-10-08):   # Fiji will introduce DST effective 0200 local time, 1998-11-01   # until 0300 local time 1999-02-28. Each year the DST period will   # be from the first Sunday in November until the last Sunday in February.      # From Paul Eggert (2000-01-08):   # IATA SSIM (1999-09) says DST ends 0100 local time. Go with McDow.      # From the BBC World Service in   # http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/205226.stm (1998-10-31 16:03 UTC): - # The Fijiian government says the main reasons for the time change is to + # The Fijian government says the main reasons for the time change is to   # improve productivity and reduce road accidents.... [T]he move is also   # intended to boost Fiji's ability to attract tourists to witness the dawning   # of the new millennium.      # http://www.fiji.gov.fj/press/2000_09/2000_09_13-05.shtml (2000-09-13)   # reports that Fiji has discontinued DST.    - # Johnston +     - # Johnston data is from usno1995. -  -  +    # Kiribati      # From Paul Eggert (1996-01-22):   # Today's _Wall Street Journal_ (page 1) reports that Kiribati - # ``declared it the same day [throughout] the country as of Jan. 1, 1995'' + # "declared it the same day [throughout] the country as of Jan. 1, 1995"   # as part of the competition to be first into the 21st century.         # Kwajalein      # In comp.risks 14.87 (26 August 1993), Peter Neumann writes:   # I wonder what happened in Kwajalein, where there was NO Friday,   # 1993-08-20. Thursday night at midnight Kwajalein switched sides with   # respect to the International Date Line, to rejoin its fellow islands,   # going from 11:59 p.m. Thursday to 12:00 m. Saturday in a blink.         # N Mariana Is, Guam    - # Howse writes (p 153) ``The Spaniards, on the other hand, reached the - # Philippines and the Ladrones from America,'' and implies that the Ladrones + # Howse writes (p 153) "The Spaniards, on the other hand, reached the + # Philippines and the Ladrones from America," and implies that the Ladrones   # (now called the Marianas) kept American date for quite some time.   # For now, we assume the Ladrones switched at the same time as the Philippines;   # see Asia/Manila.      # US Public Law 106-564 (2000-12-23) made UTC+10 the official standard time,   # under the name "Chamorro Standard Time". There is no official abbreviation,   # but Congressman Robert A. Underwood, author of the bill that became law,   # wrote in a press release (2000-12-27) that he will seek the use of "ChST".         # Micronesia      # Alan Eugene Davis writes (1996-03-16), - # ``I am certain, having lived there for the past decade, that "Truk" - # (now properly known as Chuuk) ... is in the time zone GMT+10.'' + # "I am certain, having lived there for the past decade, that 'Truk' + # (now properly known as Chuuk) ... is in the time zone GMT+10."   #   # Shanks & Pottenger write that Truk switched from UTC+10 to UTC+11   # on 1978-10-01; ignore this for now.      # From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):   # The Federated States of Micronesia Visitors Board writes in - # <a href="http://www.fsmgov.org/info/clocks.html"> - # The Federated States of Micronesia - Visitor Information - # </a> (1999-01-26) + # The Federated States of Micronesia - Visitor Information (1999-01-26) + # <http://www.fsmgov.org/info/clocks.html>   # that Truk and Yap are UTC+10, and Ponape and Kosrae are UTC+11.   # We don't know when Kosrae switched from UTC+12; assume January 1 for now.         # Midway      # From Charles T O'Connor, KMTH DJ (1956),   # quoted in the KTMH section of the Radio Heritage Collection   # <http://radiodx.com/spdxr/KMTH.htm> (2002-12-31):   # For the past two months we've been on what is known as Daylight
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:1618:   # From Rives McDow (1999-11-09):   # The Proclamation regarding Pitcairn time came into effect on 27 April 1998   # ... at midnight.      # From Howie Phelps (1999-11-10), who talked to a Pitcairner via shortwave:   # Betty Christian told me yesterday that their local time is the same as   # Pacific Standard Time. They used to be 1/2 hour different from us here in   # Sacramento but it was changed a couple of years ago.       - # Samoa + # (Western) Samoa and American Samoa      # Howse writes (p 153, citing p 10 of the 1883-11-18 New York Herald)   # that in 1879 the King of Samoa decided to change - # ``the date in his kingdom from the Antipodean to the American system, - # ordaining -- by a masterpiece of diplomatic flattery -- that - # the Fourth of July should be celebrated twice in that year.'' + # "the date in his kingdom from the Antipodean to the American system, + # ordaining - by a masterpiece of diplomatic flattery - that + # the Fourth of July should be celebrated twice in that year."    -  + # Although Shanks & Pottenger says they both switched to UTC-11:30 + # in 1911, and to UTC-11 in 1950. many earlier sources give UTC-11 + # for American Samoa, e.g., the US National Bureau of Standards + # circular "Standard Time Throughout the World", 1932. + # Assume American Samoa switched to UTC-11 in 1911, not 1950, + # and that after 1950 they agreed until (western) Samoa skipped a + # day in 2011. Assume also that the Samoas follow the US and New + # Zealand's "ST"/"DT" style of daylight-saving abbreviations.      # Tonga      # From Paul Eggert (1996-01-22): - # Today's _Wall Street Journal_ (p 1) reports that ``Tonga has been plotting - # to sneak ahead of [New Zealanders] by introducing daylight-saving time.'' + # Today's _Wall Street Journal_ (p 1) reports that "Tonga has been plotting + # to sneak ahead of [New Zealanders] by introducing daylight-saving time."   # Since Kiribati has moved the Date Line it's not clear what Tonga will do.      # Don Mundell writes in the 1997-02-20 Tonga Chronicle - # <a href="http://www.tongatapu.net.to/tonga/homeland/timebegins.htm"> - # How Tonga became `The Land where Time Begins' - # </a>: + # How Tonga became 'The Land where Time Begins' + # <http://www.tongatapu.net.to/tonga/homeland/timebegins.htm>:      # Until 1941 Tonga maintained a standard time 50 minutes ahead of NZST   # 12 hours and 20 minutes ahead of GMT. When New Zealand adjusted its   # standard time in 1940s, Tonga had the choice of subtracting from its   # local time to come on the same standard time as New Zealand or of   # advancing its time to maintain the differential of 13 degrees   # (approximately 50 minutes ahead of New Zealand time).   # - # Because His Majesty King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV, then Crown Prince - # Tungi, preferred to ensure Tonga's title as the land where time + # Because His Majesty King Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV, then Crown Prince + # Tungī, preferred to ensure Tonga's title as the land where time   # begins, the Legislative Assembly approved the latter change.   #   # But some of the older, more conservative members from the outer   # islands objected. "If at midnight on Dec. 31, we move ahead 40   # minutes, as your Royal Highness wishes, what becomes of the 40   # minutes we have lost?"   #   # The Crown Prince, presented an unanswerable argument: "Remember that   # on the World Day of Prayer, you would be the first people on Earth   # to say your prayers in the morning."
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:1673:   # Tonga's director of tourism, who is also secretary of the National Millennium   # Committee, has a plan to get Tonga back in front.   # He has proposed a one-off move to tropical daylight saving for Tonga from   # October to March, which has won approval in principle from the Tongan   # Government.      # From Steffen Thorsen (1999-09-09):   # * Tonga will introduce DST in November   #   # I was given this link by John Letts: - # <a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/asia-pacific/newsid_424000/424764.stm"> +    # http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/asia-pacific/newsid_424000/424764.stm - # </a> +    #   # I have not been able to find exact dates for the transition in November   # yet. By reading this article it seems like Fiji will be 14 hours ahead   # of UTC as well, but as far as I know Fiji will only be 13 hours ahead   # (12 + 1 hour DST).      # From Arthur David Olson (1999-09-20): - # According to <a href="http://www.tongaonline.com/news/sept1799.html"> - # http://www.tongaonline.com/news/sept1799.html - # </a>: + # According to <http://www.tongaonline.com/news/sept1799.html>:   # "Daylight Savings Time will take effect on Oct. 2 through April 15, 2000   # and annually thereafter from the first Saturday in October through the   # third Saturday of April. Under the system approved by Privy Council on   # Sept. 10, clocks must be turned ahead one hour on the opening day and   # set back an hour on the closing date."   # Alas, no indication of the time of day.      # From Rives McDow (1999-10-06):   # Tonga started its Daylight Saving on Saturday morning October 2nd at 0200am.   # Daylight Saving ends on April 16 at 0300am which is Sunday morning.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2000-10-31):   # Back in March I found a notice on the website http://www.tongaonline.com   # that Tonga changed back to standard time one month early, on March 19   # instead of the original reported date April 16. Unfortunately, the article   # is no longer available on the site, and I did not make a copy of the   # text, and I have forgotten to report it here. - # (Original URL was: http://www.tongaonline.com/news/march162000.htm ) + # (Original URL was <http://www.tongaonline.com/news/march162000.htm>)      # From Rives McDow (2000-12-01):   # Tonga is observing DST as of 2000-11-04 and will stop on 2001-01-27.      # From Sione Moala-Mafi (2001-09-20) via Rives McDow:   # At 2:00am on the first Sunday of November, the standard time in the Kingdom   # shall be moved forward by one hour to 3:00am. At 2:00am on the last Sunday   # of January the standard time in the Kingdom shall be moved backward by one   # hour to 1:00am.      # From Pulu 'Anau (2002-11-05):   # The law was for 3 years, supposedly to get renewed. It wasn't.         # Wake      # From Vernice Anderson, Personal Secretary to Philip Jessup,   # US Ambassador At Large (oral history interview, 1971-02-02):   # - # Saturday, the 14th [of October, 1950] -- ... The time was all the + # Saturday, the 14th [of October, 1950] - ... The time was all the   # more confusing at that point, because we had crossed the   # International Date Line, thus getting two Sundays. Furthermore, we   # discovered that Wake Island had two hours of daylight saving time   # making calculation of time in Washington difficult if not almost   # impossible.   #   # http://www.trumanlibrary.org/wake/meeting.htm      # From Paul Eggert (2003-03-23):   # We have no other report of DST in Wake Island, so omit this info for now.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/australasia:1768:   # From Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_zone> (2005-08-31):   # Before 1920, all ships kept local apparent time on the high seas by setting   # their clocks at night or at the morning sight so that, given the ship's   # speed and direction, it would be 12 o'clock when the Sun crossed the ship's   # meridian (12 o'clock = local apparent noon). During 1917, at the   # Anglo-French Conference on Time-keeping at Sea, it was recommended that all   # ships, both military and civilian, should adopt hourly standard time zones   # on the high seas. Whenever a ship was within the territorial waters of any   # nation it would use that nation's standard time. The captain was permitted   # to change his ship's clocks at a time of his choice following his ship's - # entry into another zone time--he often chose midnight. These zones were + # entry into another zone time - he often chose midnight. These zones were   # adopted by all major fleets between 1920 and 1925 but not by many   # independent merchant ships until World War II.      # From Paul Eggert, using references suggested by Oscar van Vlijmen   # (2005-03-20):   #   # The American Practical Navigator (2002)   # <http://pollux.nss.nima.mil/pubs/pubs_j_apn_sections.html?rid=187>   # talks only about the 180-degree meridian with respect to ships in   # international waters; it ignores the international date line.