pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / europe

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1:   # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of   # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.      # This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,   # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to   # tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see   # the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.    - # From Paul Eggert (2014-10-31): + # From Paul Eggert (2017-02-10):   #   # Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:   # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),   # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).   # Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.   # - # Gwillim Law writes that a good source - # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport + # Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source + # for time zone data was the International Air Transport   # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),   # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries   # of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,   # IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.   #   # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is   # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).   #   # Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for   # entries through 1991, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:49:   # Бялокоз, Евгений Людвигович. Новый счет времени в течении суток   # введенный декретом Совета народных комиссаров для всей России с 1-го   # июля 1919 г. / Изд. 2-е Междуведомственной комиссии. - Петроград:   # Десятая гос. тип., 1919.   # http://resolver.gpntb.ru/purl?docushare/dsweb/Get/Resource-2011/Byalokoz__E.L.__Novyy__schet__vremeni__v__techenie__sutok__izd__2(1).pdf   #   # Brazil's Divisão Serviço da Hora (DSHO),   # History of Summer Time   # <http://pcdsh01.on.br/HISTHV.htm>   # (1998-09-21, in Portuguese) -  +    #   # I invented the abbreviations marked '*' in the following table; - # the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources. - # Corrections are welcome! - # std dst 2dst - # LMT Local Mean Time - # -4:00 AST ADT Atlantic - # -3:00 WGT WGST Western Greenland* - # -1:00 EGT EGST Eastern Greenland* - # 0:00 GMT BST BDST Greenwich, British Summer - # 0:00 GMT IST Greenwich, Irish Summer - # 0:00 WET WEST WEMT Western Europe - # 0:19:32.13 AMT NST Amsterdam, Netherlands Summer (1835-1937)* - # 0:20 NET NEST Netherlands (1937-1940)* - # 1:00 BST British Standard (1968-1971) - # 1:00 CET CEST CEMT Central Europe - # 1:00:14 SET Swedish (1879-1899)* - # 2:00 EET EEST Eastern Europe - # 3:00 MSK MSD Moscow + # the rest are variants of the "xMT" pattern for a city's mean time, + # or are from other sources. Corrections are welcome! + # std dst 2dst + # LMT Local Mean Time + # -4:00 AST ADT Atlantic + # 0:00 GMT BST BDST Greenwich, British Summer + # 0:00 GMT IST Greenwich, Irish Summer + # 0:00 WET WEST WEMT Western Europe + # 0:19:32.13 AMT* NST* Amsterdam, Netherlands Summer (1835-1937) + # 1:00 BST British Standard (1968-1971) + # 1:00 CET CEST CEMT Central Europe + # 1:00:14 SET Swedish (1879-1899) + # 1:36:34 RMT* LST* Riga, Latvian Summer (1880-1926)* + # 2:00 EET EEST Eastern Europe + # 3:00 MSK MSD MDST* Moscow      # From Peter Ilieve (1994-12-04),   # The original six [EU members]: Belgium, France, (West) Germany, Italy,   # Luxembourg, the Netherlands.   # Plus, from 1 Jan 73: Denmark, Ireland, United Kingdom.   # Plus, from 1 Jan 81: Greece.   # Plus, from 1 Jan 86: Spain, Portugal.   # Plus, from 1 Jan 95: Austria, Finland, Sweden. (Norway negotiated terms for   # entry but in a referendum on 28 Nov 94 the people voted No by 52.2% to 47.8%   # on a turnout of 88.6%. This was almost the same result as Norway's previous
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:468:    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Oct 27    1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996    0:00 EU GMT/BST   Link Europe/London Europe/Jersey   Link Europe/London Europe/Guernsey   Link Europe/London Europe/Isle_of_Man      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Dublin -0:25:00 - LMT 1880 Aug 2 -  -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00 +  -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00 # Dublin MT    -0:25:21 1:00 IST 1916 Oct 1 2:00s    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1921 Dec 6 # independence    0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1940 Feb 25 2:00    0:00 1:00 IST 1946 Oct 6 2:00    0:00 - GMT 1947 Mar 16 2:00    0:00 1:00 IST 1947 Nov 2 2:00    0:00 - GMT 1948 Apr 18 2:00    0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1968 Oct 27    1:00 - IST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u    0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1996
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1057:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Thule 1991 1992 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Thule 1991 1992 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Thule 1993 2006 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Thule 1993 2006 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Thule 2007 max - Mar Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Thule 2007 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 0 S   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Danmarkshavn -1:14:40 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 -  -3:00 - WGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00 -  -3:00 EU WG%sT 1996 +  -3:00 - -03 1980 Apr 6 2:00 +  -3:00 EU -03/-02 1996    0:00 - GMT   Zone America/Scoresbysund -1:27:52 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Ittoqqortoormiit -  -2:00 - CGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00 -  -2:00 C-Eur CG%sT 1981 Mar 29 -  -1:00 EU EG%sT +  -2:00 - -02 1980 Apr 6 2:00 +  -2:00 C-Eur -02/-01 1981 Mar 29 +  -1:00 EU -01/+00   Zone America/Godthab -3:26:56 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Nuuk -  -3:00 - WGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00 -  -3:00 EU WG%sT +  -3:00 - -03 1980 Apr 6 2:00 +  -3:00 EU -03/-02   Zone America/Thule -4:35:08 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Pituffik air base    -4:00 Thule A%sT      # Estonia   #   # From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):   # The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).   #   # From Peter Ilieve (1994-10-15):   # A relative in Tallinn confirms the accuracy of the data for 1989 onwards
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1481:   Rule Iceland 1943 1946 - Mar Sun>=1 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Iceland 1942 1948 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00s 0 -   # 1947-1967 - first Sunday in April until first Sunday in winter   Rule Iceland 1947 1967 - Apr Sun>=1 1:00s 1:00 S   # 1949 and 1967 Oct transitions delayed by 1 week   Rule Iceland 1949 only - Oct 30 1:00s 0 -   Rule Iceland 1950 1966 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00s 0 -   Rule Iceland 1967 only - Oct 29 1:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Atlantic/Reykjavik -1:28 - LMT 1908 -  -1:00 Iceland IS%sT 1968 Apr 7 1:00s +  -1:00 Iceland -01/+00 1968 Apr 7 1:00s    0:00 - GMT      # Italy   #   # From Paul Eggert (2001-03-06):   # Sicily and Sardinia each had their own time zones from 1866 to 1893,   # called Palermo Time (+00:53:28) and Cagliari Time (+00:36:32).   # During World War II, German-controlled Italy used German time.   # But these events all occurred before the 1970 cutoff,   # so record only the time in Rome.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1945:   Rule Neth 1937 1939 - Oct Sun>=2 2:00s 0 -   Rule Neth 1938 1939 - May 15 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Neth 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Neth 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   #   # Amsterdam Mean Time was +00:19:32.13 exactly, but the .13 is omitted   # below because the current format requires GMTOFF to be an integer.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Amsterdam 0:19:32 - LMT 1835    0:19:32 Neth %s 1937 Jul 1 -  0:20 Neth NE%sT 1940 May 16 0:00 # Dutch Time +  0:20 Neth +0020/+0120 1940 May 16 0:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00    1:00 Neth CE%sT 1977    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Norway   # http://met.no/met/met_lex/q_u/sommertid.html (2004-01) agrees with Shanks &   # Pottenger.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Norway 1916 only - May 22 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Norway 1916 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 -
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2162:   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Lisbon -0:36:45 - LMT 1884    -0:36:45 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 # Lisbon Mean Time    0:00 Port WE%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00    1:00 - CET 1976 Sep 26 1:00    0:00 Port WE%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s    0:00 W-Eur WE%sT 1992 Sep 27 1:00s    1:00 EU CE%sT 1996 Mar 31 1:00u    0:00 EU WE%sT + # This Zone can be simplified once we assume zic %z.   Zone Atlantic/Azores -1:42:40 - LMT 1884 # Ponta Delgada    -1:54:32 - HMT 1912 Jan 1 # Horta Mean Time -  -2:00 Port AZO%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 # Azores Time -  -1:00 Port AZO%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s -  -1:00 W-Eur AZO%sT 1992 Sep 27 1:00s +  -2:00 Port -02/-01 1942 Apr 25 22:00s +  -2:00 Port +00 1942 Aug 15 22:00s +  -2:00 Port -02/-01 1943 Apr 17 22:00s +  -2:00 Port +00 1943 Aug 28 22:00s +  -2:00 Port -02/-01 1944 Apr 22 22:00s +  -2:00 Port +00 1944 Aug 26 22:00s +  -2:00 Port -02/-01 1945 Apr 21 22:00s +  -2:00 Port +00 1945 Aug 25 22:00s +  -2:00 Port -02/-01 1966 Apr 3 2:00 +  -1:00 Port -01/+00 1983 Sep 25 1:00s +  -1:00 W-Eur -01/+00 1992 Sep 27 1:00s    0:00 EU WE%sT 1993 Mar 28 1:00u -  -1:00 EU AZO%sT +  -1:00 EU -01/+00 + # This Zone can be simplified once we assume zic %z.   Zone Atlantic/Madeira -1:07:36 - LMT 1884 # Funchal    -1:07:36 - FMT 1912 Jan 1 # Funchal Mean Time -  -1:00 Port MAD%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 # Madeira Time +  -1:00 Port -01/+00 1942 Apr 25 22:00s +  -1:00 Port +01 1942 Aug 15 22:00s +  -1:00 Port -01/+00 1943 Apr 17 22:00s +  -1:00 Port +01 1943 Aug 28 22:00s +  -1:00 Port -01/+00 1944 Apr 22 22:00s +  -1:00 Port +01 1944 Aug 26 22:00s +  -1:00 Port -01/+00 1945 Apr 21 22:00s +  -1:00 Port +01 1945 Aug 25 22:00s +  -1:00 Port -01/+00 1966 Apr 3 2:00    0:00 Port WE%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s    0:00 EU WE%sT      # Romania   #   # From Paul Eggert (1999-10-07):   # Nine O'clock <http://www.nineoclock.ro/POL/1778pol.html>   # (1998-10-23) reports that the switch occurred at   # 04:00 local time in fall 1998. For lack of better info,   # assume that Romania and Moldova switched to EU rules in 1997,
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2529:    3:00 Russia %s 1921 Oct    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1922 Oct    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    2:00 Russia EE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    3:00 - MSK       - # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03): - # Europe/Simferopol covers... - # ** **** Crimea, Republic of - # ** **** Sevastopol + # From Paul Eggert (2016-12-06): + # Europe/Simferopol covers Crimea.      Zone Europe/Simferopol 2:16:24 - LMT 1880    2:16 - SMT 1924 May 2 # Simferopol Mean T    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21    3:00 - MSK 1941 Nov    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Apr 13    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990    3:00 - MSK 1990 Jul 1 2:00    2:00 - EET 1992   # Central Crimea used Moscow time 1994/1997.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3225:   Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Skopje # Macedonia   Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Zagreb # Croatia      # Slovakia   Link Europe/Prague Europe/Bratislava      # Slovenia   # See Europe/Belgrade.      # Spain + # + # From Paul Eggert (2016-12-14): + # + # The source for Europe/Madrid before 2013 is: + # Planesas P. La hora oficial en España y sus cambios. + # Anuario del Observatorio Astronómico de Madrid (2013, in Spanish). + # http://astronomia.ign.es/rknowsys-theme/images/webAstro/paginas/documentos/Anuario/lahoraoficialenespana.pdf + # As this source says that historical time in the Canaries is obscure, + # and it does not discuss Ceuta, stick with Shanks for now for that data. + # + # In the 1918 and 1919 fallback transitions in Spain, the clock for + # the hour-longer day officially kept going after midnight, so that + # the repeated instances of that day's 00:00 hour were 24 hours apart, + # with a fallback transition from the second occurrence of 00:59... to + # the next day's 00:00. Our data format cannot represent this + # directly, and instead repeats the first hour of the next day, with a + # fallback transition from the next day's 00:59... to 00:00. +  + # From Michael Deckers (2016-12-15): + # The Royal Decree of 1900-06-26 quoted by Planesas, online at + # https://www.boe.es/datos/pdfs/BOE//1900/209/A00383-00384.pdf + # says in its article 5 (my translation): + # These dispositions will enter into force beginning with the + # instant at which, according to the time indicated in article 1, + # the 1st day of January of 1901 will begin. +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - # For 1917-1919 Whitman gives Apr Sat>=1 - Oct Sat>=1; - # go with Shanks & Pottenger. - Rule Spain 1917 only - May 5 23:00s 1:00 S - Rule Spain 1917 1919 - Oct 6 23:00s 0 - - Rule Spain 1918 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S - Rule Spain 1919 only - Apr 5 23:00s 1:00 S - # Whitman gives 1921 Feb 28 - Oct 14; go with Shanks & Pottenger. - Rule Spain 1924 only - Apr 16 23:00s 1:00 S - # Whitman gives 1924 Oct 14; go with Shanks & Pottenger. - Rule Spain 1924 only - Oct 4 23:00s 0 - - Rule Spain 1926 only - Apr 17 23:00s 1:00 S - # Whitman says no DST in 1929; go with Shanks & Pottenger. - Rule Spain 1926 1929 - Oct Sat>=1 23:00s 0 - - Rule Spain 1927 only - Apr 9 23:00s 1:00 S - Rule Spain 1928 only - Apr 14 23:00s 1:00 S - Rule Spain 1929 only - Apr 20 23:00s 1:00 S - # Whitman gives 1937 Jun 16, 1938 Apr 16, 1940 Apr 13; - # go with Shanks & Pottenger. - Rule Spain 1937 only - May 22 23:00s 1:00 S - Rule Spain 1937 1939 - Oct Sat>=1 23:00s 0 - - Rule Spain 1938 only - Mar 22 23:00s 1:00 S - Rule Spain 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S - Rule Spain 1940 only - Mar 16 23:00s 1:00 S - # Whitman says no DST 1942-1945; go with Shanks & Pottenger. - Rule Spain 1942 only - May 2 22:00s 2:00 M # Midsummer - Rule Spain 1942 only - Sep 1 22:00s 1:00 S - Rule Spain 1943 1946 - Apr Sat>=13 22:00s 2:00 M - Rule Spain 1943 only - Oct 3 22:00s 1:00 S - Rule Spain 1944 only - Oct 10 22:00s 1:00 S - Rule Spain 1945 only - Sep 30 1:00 1:00 S - Rule Spain 1946 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 - + Rule Spain 1918 only - Apr 15 23:00 1:00 S + Rule Spain 1918 1919 - Oct 6 24:00s 0 - + Rule Spain 1919 only - Apr 6 23:00 1:00 S + Rule Spain 1924 only - Apr 16 23:00 1:00 S + Rule Spain 1924 only - Oct 4 24:00s 0 - + Rule Spain 1926 only - Apr 17 23:00 1:00 S + Rule Spain 1926 1929 - Oct Sat>=1 24:00s 0 - + Rule Spain 1927 only - Apr 9 23:00 1:00 S + Rule Spain 1928 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Spain 1929 only - Apr 20 23:00 1:00 S + # Republican Spain during the civil war; it controlled Madrid until 1939-03-28. + Rule Spain 1937 only - Jun 16 23:00 1:00 S + Rule Spain 1937 only - Oct 2 24:00s 0 - + Rule Spain 1938 only - Apr 2 23:00 1:00 S + Rule Spain 1938 only - Apr 30 23:00 2:00 M + Rule Spain 1938 only - Oct 2 24:00 1:00 S + # The following rules are for unified Spain again. + # + # Planesas does not say what happened in Madrid between its fall on + # 1939-03-28 and the Nationalist spring-forward transition on + # 1939-04-15. For lack of better info, assume Madrid's clocks did not + # change during that period. + # + # The first rule is commented out, as it is redundant for Republican Spain. + #Rule Spain 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00 1:00 S + Rule Spain 1939 only - Oct 7 24:00s 0 - + Rule Spain 1942 only - May 2 23:00 1:00 S + Rule Spain 1942 only - Sep 1 1:00 0 - + Rule Spain 1943 1946 - Apr Sat>=13 23:00 1:00 S + Rule Spain 1943 1944 - Oct Sun>=1 1:00 0 - + Rule Spain 1945 1946 - Sep lastSun 1:00 0 -   Rule Spain 1949 only - Apr 30 23:00 1:00 S - Rule Spain 1949 only - Sep 30 1:00 0 - - Rule Spain 1974 1975 - Apr Sat>=13 23:00 1:00 S + Rule Spain 1949 only - Oct 2 1:00 0 - + Rule Spain 1974 1975 - Apr Sat>=12 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Spain 1974 1975 - Oct Sun>=1 1:00 0 -   Rule Spain 1976 only - Mar 27 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Spain 1976 1977 - Sep lastSun 1:00 0 - - Rule Spain 1977 1978 - Apr 2 23:00 1:00 S - Rule Spain 1978 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 - + Rule Spain 1977 only - Apr 2 23:00 1:00 S + Rule Spain 1978 only - Apr 2 2:00s 1:00 S + Rule Spain 1978 only - Oct 1 2:00s 0 - + # Nationalist Spain during the civil war + #Rule NatSpain 1937 only - May 22 23:00 1:00 S + #Rule NatSpain 1937 1938 - Oct Sat>=1 24:00s 0 - + #Rule NatSpain 1938 only - Mar 26 23:00 1:00 S   # The following rules are copied from Morocco from 1967 through 1978.   Rule SpainAfrica 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 S   Rule SpainAfrica 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule SpainAfrica 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 S   Rule SpainAfrica 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -   Rule SpainAfrica 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule SpainAfrica 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -   Rule SpainAfrica 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -   Rule SpainAfrica 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule SpainAfrica 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Europe/Madrid -0:14:44 - LMT 1901 Jan 1 0:00s -  0:00 Spain WE%sT 1946 Sep 30 + Zone Europe/Madrid -0:14:44 - LMT 1900 Dec 31 23:45:16 +  0:00 Spain WE%sT 1940 Mar 16 23:00    1:00 Spain CE%sT 1979    1:00 EU CE%sT - Zone Africa/Ceuta -0:21:16 - LMT 1901 + Zone Africa/Ceuta -0:21:16 - LMT 1900 Dec 31 23:38:44    0:00 - WET 1918 May 6 23:00    0:00 1:00 WEST 1918 Oct 7 23:00    0:00 - WET 1924    0:00 Spain WE%sT 1929    0:00 SpainAfrica WE%sT 1984 Mar 16    1:00 - CET 1986    1:00 EU CE%sT   Zone Atlantic/Canary -1:01:36 - LMT 1922 Mar # Las Palmas de Gran C. -  -1:00 - CANT 1946 Sep 30 1:00 # Canaries T +  -1:00 - -01 1946 Sep 30 1:00    0:00 - WET 1980 Apr 6 0:00s    0:00 1:00 WEST 1980 Sep 28 1:00u    0:00 EU WE%sT   # IATA SSIM (1996-09) says the Canaries switch at 2:00u, not 1:00u.   # Ignore this for now, as the Canaries are part of the EU.      # Sweden      # From Ivan Nilsson (2001-04-13), superseding Shanks & Pottenger:   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3702:    1:00 - CET 1991 Mar 31 3:00    2:00 - EET 1992    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1995    2:00 EU EE%sT   # Zaporozh'ye and eastern Lugansk oblasts observed DST 1990/1991.   # "Zaporizhia" is the transliteration of the Ukrainian name, but   # "Zaporozh'ye" is more common in English. Use the common English   # spelling, except omit the apostrophe as it is not allowed in   # portable Posix file names.   Zone Europe/Zaporozhye 2:20:40 - LMT 1880 -  2:20 - CUT 1924 May 2 # Central Ukraine T +  2:20 - +0220 1924 May 2    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21    3:00 - MSK 1941 Aug 25    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1943 Oct 25    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1995    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Vatican City   # See Europe/Rome.