pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / europe

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:68:   # -1:00 EGT EGST Eastern Greenland*   # 0:00 GMT BST BDST Greenwich, British Summer   # 0:00 GMT IST Greenwich, Irish Summer   # 0:00 WET WEST WEMT Western Europe   # 0:19:32.13 AMT NST Amsterdam, Netherlands Summer (1835-1937)*   # 0:20 NET NEST Netherlands (1937-1940)*   # 1:00 BST British Standard (1968-1971)   # 1:00 CET CEST CEMT Central Europe   # 1:00:14 SET Swedish (1879-1899)*   # 2:00 EET EEST Eastern Europe - # 3:00 FET Further-eastern Europe (2011-2014)* - # 3:00 MSK MSD MSM* Minsk, Moscow + # 3:00 MSK MSD Moscow      # From Peter Ilieve (1994-12-04),   # The original six [EU members]: Belgium, France, (West) Germany, Italy,   # Luxembourg, the Netherlands.   # Plus, from 1 Jan 73: Denmark, Ireland, United Kingdom.   # Plus, from 1 Jan 81: Greece.   # Plus, from 1 Jan 86: Spain, Portugal.   # Plus, from 1 Jan 95: Austria, Finland, Sweden. (Norway negotiated terms for   # entry but in a referendum on 28 Nov 94 the people voted No by 52.2% to 47.8%   # on a turnout of 88.6%. This was almost the same result as Norway's previous
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:576:   Rule C-Eur 1996 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -      # E-Eur differs from EU only in that E-Eur switches at midnight local time.   Rule E-Eur 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule E-Eur 1977 only - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule E-Eur 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule E-Eur 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule E-Eur 1981 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   Rule E-Eur 1996 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -    +  + # Daylight saving time for Russia and the Soviet Union + # + # The 1917-1921 decree URLs are from Alexander Belopolsky (2016-08-23). +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Russia 1917 only - Jul 1 23:00 1:00 MST # Moscow Summer Time -  + # + # Decree No. 142 (1917-12-22) http://istmat.info/node/28137   Rule Russia 1917 only - Dec 28 0:00 0 MMT # Moscow Mean Time -  + # + # Decree No. 497 (1918-05-30) http://istmat.info/node/30001   Rule Russia 1918 only - May 31 22:00 2:00 MDST # Moscow Double Summer Time   Rule Russia 1918 only - Sep 16 1:00 1:00 MST -  + # + # Decree No. 258 (1919-05-29) http://istmat.info/node/37949   Rule Russia 1919 only - May 31 23:00 2:00 MDST - Rule Russia 1919 only - Jul 1 2:00 1:00 MSD + # + Rule Russia 1919 only - Jul 1 0:00u 1:00 MSD   Rule Russia 1919 only - Aug 16 0:00 0 MSK -  + # + # Decree No. 63 (1921-02-03) http://istmat.info/node/45840   Rule Russia 1921 only - Feb 14 23:00 1:00 MSD - Rule Russia 1921 only - Mar 20 23:00 2:00 MSM # Midsummer + # + # Decree No. 121 (1921-03-07) http://istmat.info/node/45949 + Rule Russia 1921 only - Mar 20 23:00 2:00 +05 + #   Rule Russia 1921 only - Sep 1 0:00 1:00 MSD   Rule Russia 1921 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   # Act No. 925 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1980-10-24):   Rule Russia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Russia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   # Act No. 967 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1984-09-13), repeated in   # Act No. 227 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1989-03-14):   Rule Russia 1984 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -   Rule Russia 1985 2010 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:768:   # GMT+3 without DST (was GMT+2 with DST).   #   # Sources (Russian language):   # http://www.belta.by/ru/all_news/society/V-Belarusi-otmenjaetsja-perexod-na-sezonnoe-vremja_i_572952.html   # http://naviny.by/rubrics/society/2011/09/16/ic_articles_116_175144/   # http://news.tut.by/society/250578.html   #   # From Alexander Bokovoy (2014-10-09):   # Belarussian government decided against changing to winter time....   # http://eng.belta.by/all_news/society/Belarus-decides-against-adjusting-time-in-Russias-wake_i_76335.html - # From Paul Eggert (2014-10-08): - # Hence Belarus can share time zone abbreviations with Moscow again. +    #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Minsk 1:50:16 - LMT 1880    1:50 - MMT 1924 May 2 # Minsk Mean Time    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21    3:00 - MSK 1941 Jun 28    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Jul 3    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990    3:00 - MSK 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  3:00 - FET 2014 Oct 26 1:00s -  3:00 - MSK +  3:00 - +03      # Belgium   #   # From Paul Eggert (1997-07-02):   # Entries from 1918 through 1991 are taken from:   # Annuaire de L'Observatoire Royal de Belgique,   # Avenue Circulaire, 3, B-1180 BRUXELLES, CLVIIe année, 1991   # (Imprimerie HAYEZ, s.p.r.l., Rue Fin, 4, 1080 BRUXELLES, MCMXC),   # pp 8-9.   # LMT before 1892 was 0:17:30, according to the official journal of Belgium:
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1289:      # From Jörg Schilling (2002-10-23):   # In 1945, Berlin was switched to Moscow Summer time (GMT+4) by   # http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/biografien/BersarinNikolai/   # General [Nikolai] Bersarin.      # From Paul Eggert (2003-03-08):   # http://www.parlament-berlin.de/pds-fraktion.nsf/727459127c8b66ee8525662300459099/defc77cb784f180ac1256c2b0030274b/$FILE/bersarint.pdf   # says that Bersarin issued an order to use Moscow time on May 20.   # However, Moscow did not observe daylight saving in 1945, so - # this was equivalent to CEMT (GMT+3), not GMT+4. + # this was equivalent to UT +03, not +04.         # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Germany 1946 only - Apr 14 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Germany 1946 only - Oct 7 2:00s 0 -   Rule Germany 1947 1949 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -   # http://www.ptb.de/de/org/4/44/441/salt.htm says the following transition   # occurred at 3:00 MEZ, not the 2:00 MEZ given in Shanks & Pottenger.   # Go with the PTB.   Rule Germany 1947 only - Apr 6 3:00s 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1888:   # Leiden were also distributed by the telegraph system, I assume that most   # places linked up with the telegraph (and railway) system automatically   # adopted Amsterdam mean time.   #   # Although the early Dutch railway companies initially observed a variety   # of times, most of them had adopted Amsterdam mean time by 1858 but it   # was not until 1866 when they were all required by law to observe   # Amsterdam mean time.      # The data entries before 1945 are taken from - # http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/wettijd/wettijd.htm + # http://www.staff.science.uu.nl/~gent0113/idl/idl.htm      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Neth 1916 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 NST # Netherlands Summer Time   Rule Neth 1916 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 AMT # Amsterdam Mean Time   Rule Neth 1917 only - Apr 16 2:00s 1:00 NST   Rule Neth 1917 only - Sep 17 2:00s 0 AMT   Rule Neth 1918 1921 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00s 1:00 NST   Rule Neth 1918 1921 - Sep lastMon 2:00s 0 AMT   Rule Neth 1922 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 NST   Rule Neth 1922 1936 - Oct Sun>=2 2:00s 0 AMT
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2253:   #   # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2014-07-22):   # Putin signed the Federal Law 431985-6 ... (in Russian)   # http://itar-tass.com/obschestvo/1333711   # http://www.pravo.gov.ru:8080/page.aspx?111660   # http://www.kremlin.ru/acts/46279   # From October 26, 2014 the new Russian time zone map will looks like this:   # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia-map-2014-07.html      # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): - # Except for Moscow after 1919-07-01, I invented the time zone abbreviations. +    # Moscow time zone abbreviations after 1919-07-01, and Moscow rules after 1991,   # are from Andrey A. Chernov. The rest is from Shanks & Pottenger,   # except we follow Chernov's report that 1992 DST transitions were Sat   # 23:00, not Sun 02:00s.   #   # From Stanislaw A. Kuzikowski (1994-06-29):   # But now it is some months since Novosibirsk is 3 hours ahead of Moscow!   # I do not know why they have decided to make this change;   # as far as I remember it was done exactly during winter->summer switching   # so we (Novosibirsk) simply did not switch.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2329:   # http://www.kaliningradka.ru/site_pc/cherez/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=40091   # says that Kaliningrad switched to Moscow-1 on 1989-03-26, avoided   # at the last moment switch to Moscow-1 on 1991-03-31, switched to   # Moscow on 1991-11-03, switched to Moscow-1 on 1992-01-19.      Zone Europe/Kaliningrad 1:22:00 - LMT 1893 Apr    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945    2:00 Poland CE%sT 1946    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar 26 2:00s    2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  3:00 - FET 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  3:00 - +03 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    2:00 - EET         # From Paul Eggert (2016-02-21), per Tim Parenti (2014-07-03) and   # Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):   # Europe/Moscow covers...   # 01 RU-AD Adygea, Republic of   # 05 RU-DA Dagestan, Republic of   # 06 RU-IN Ingushetia, Republic of   # 07 RU-KB Kabardino-Balkar Republic
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2382:   # 62 RU-RYA Ryazan Oblast   # 67 RU-SMO Smolensk Oblast   # 68 RU-TAM Tambov Oblast   # 69 RU-TVE Tver Oblast   # 71 RU-TUL Tula Oblast   # 76 RU-YAR Yaroslavl Oblast   # 77 RU-MOW Moscow   # 78 RU-SPE Saint Petersburg   # 83 RU-NEN Nenets Autonomous Okrug    + # From Paul Eggert (2016-08-23): + # The Soviets switched to UT-based time in 1919. Decree No. 59 + # (1919-02-08) http://istmat.info/node/35567 established UT-based time + # zones, and Decree No. 147 (1919-03-29) http://istmat.info/node/35854 + # specified a transition date of 1919-07-01, apparently at 00:00 UT. + # No doubt only the Soviet-controlled regions switched on that date; + # later transitions to UT-based time in other parts of Russia are + # taken from what appear to be guesses by Shanks. + # (Thanks to Alexander Belopolsky for pointers to the decrees.) +    # From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):   # 11. Regions-violators, 1981-1982.   # Wikipedia refers to   # http://maps.monetonos.ru/maps/raznoe/Old_Maps/Old_Maps/Articles/022/3_1981.html   # http://besp.narod.ru/nauka_1981_3.htm   #   # The second link provides two articles scanned from the Nauka i Zhizn   # magazine No. 3, 1981 and a scan of the short article attributed to   # the Trud newspaper from February 1982. The first link provides the   # same Nauka i Zhizn articles converted to the text form (but misses
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2423:   # Yaroslavl oblasts, Nenets and Evenk autonomous okrugs, Khatangsky   # district of Taymyr Autonomous Okrug. As a result Evenk Autonomous   # Okrug and Khatangsky district of Taymyr Autonomous Okrug would end   # up on Moscow+4, Tyumen Oblast on Moscow+2 and the rest on Moscow   # time.   #   # http://astrozet.net/files/Zones/DOC/RU/1980-925.txt   # attributes the 1982 changes to the Act of the Council of Ministers   # of the USSR No. 126 from 18.02.1982. 1980-925.txt also adds   # Udmurtia to the list of affected territories and lists Khatangsky - # district separately from Taymyr Autonomous Okurg. Probably erroneously. + # district separately from Taymyr Autonomous Okrug. Probably erroneously.   #   # The affected territories are currently listed under Europe/Moscow,   # Asia/Yekaterinburg and Asia/Krasnoyarsk.   #   # 12. Udmurtia   # The fact that Udmurtia is depicted as a violator in the Nauka i   # Zhizn article hints at Izhevsk being on different time from   # Kuybyshev before 1981-10-01. Udmurtia is not mentioned in the 1989 act.   # http://astrozet.net/files/Zones/DOC/RU/1980-925.txt   # implies Udmurtia was on Moscow time after 1982-04-01.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2483:   # 2:31:19 ...   #   # From Paul Eggert (2014-07-08):   # Milne does not list Moscow, but suggests that its time might be listed in   # Résumés mensuels et annuels des observations météorologiques (1895).   # Presumably this is OCLC 85825704, a journal published with parallel text in   # Russian and French. This source has not been located; go with Karpinsky.      Zone Europe/Moscow 2:30:17 - LMT 1880    2:30:17 - MMT 1916 Jul 3 # Moscow Mean Time -  2:31:19 Russia %s 1919 Jul 1 2:00 +  2:31:19 Russia %s 1919 Jul 1 0:00u    3:00 Russia %s 1921 Oct    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1922 Oct    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    2:00 Russia EE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    3:00 - MSK      
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2566:    3:00 - +03 2016 Mar 27 2:00s    4:00 - +04      # From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):   # Europe/Volgograd covers:   # 34 RU-VGG Volgograd Oblast   # 64 RU-SAR Saratov Oblast   # The 1988 transition is from USSR act No. 5 (1988-01-04).      Zone Europe/Volgograd 2:57:40 - LMT 1920 Jan 3 -  3:00 - TSAT 1925 Apr 6 # Tsaritsyn Time -  3:00 - STAT 1930 Jun 21 # Stalingrad Time -  4:00 - STAT 1961 Nov 11 -  4:00 Russia VOL%sT 1988 Mar 27 2:00s # Volgograd T -  3:00 Russia VOL%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  4:00 - VOLT 1992 Mar 29 2:00s -  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s -  3:00 - MSK +  3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21 +  4:00 - +04 1961 Nov 11 +  4:00 Russia +04/+05 1988 Mar 27 2:00s +  3:00 Russia +03/+04 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  4:00 - +04 1992 Mar 29 2:00s +  3:00 Russia +03/+04 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  4:00 - +04 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  3:00 - +03      # From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):   # Europe/Kirov covers:   # 43 RU-KIR Kirov Oblast   # The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).   # - Zone Europe/Kirov 3:18:48 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 2:00 + Zone Europe/Kirov 3:18:48 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 0:00u    3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21    4:00 Russia +04/+05 1989 Mar 26 2:00s    3:00 Russia +03/+04 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    4:00 - +04 1992 Mar 29 2:00s    3:00 Russia +03/+04 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    4:00 - +04 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    3:00 - +03      # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):   # Europe/Samara covers...   # 18 RU-UD Udmurt Republic   # 63 RU-SAM Samara Oblast      # From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):   # Byalokoz 1919 says Samara was 3:20:20.   # The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).    - Zone Europe/Samara 3:20:20 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 2:00 -  3:00 - SAMT 1930 Jun 21 # Samara Time -  4:00 - SAMT 1935 Jan 27 -  4:00 Russia KUY%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00s # Kuybyshev -  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  2:00 Russia EE%sT 1991 Sep 29 2:00s -  3:00 - SAMT 1991 Oct 20 3:00 -  4:00 Russia SAM%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s -  3:00 Russia SAM%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  4:00 - SAMT + Zone Europe/Samara 3:20:20 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 0:00u +  3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21 +  4:00 - +04 1935 Jan 27 +  4:00 Russia +04/+05 1989 Mar 26 2:00s +  3:00 Russia +03/+04 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  2:00 Russia +02/+03 1991 Sep 29 2:00s +  3:00 - +03 1991 Oct 20 3:00 +  4:00 Russia +04/+05 2010 Mar 28 2:00s +  3:00 Russia +03/+04 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  4:00 - +04      # From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):   # Europe/Ulyanovsk covers:   # 73 RU-ULY Ulyanovsk Oblast      # The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2016-02-17):   # Ulyanovsk ... on their way to change time zones by March 27, 2016 at 2am.   # Ulyanovsk Oblast ... from MSK to MSK+1 (UTC+3 to UTC+4) ...   # 920582-6 ... 02/17/2016 The State Duma passed the bill in the first reading.   # From Matt Johnson (2016-03-09):   # http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201603090051    - Zone Europe/Ulyanovsk 3:13:36 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 2:00 + Zone Europe/Ulyanovsk 3:13:36 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 0:00u    3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21    4:00 Russia +04/+05 1989 Mar 26 2:00s    3:00 Russia +03/+04 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    2:00 Russia +02/+03 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    3:00 Russia +03/+04 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    4:00 - +04 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    3:00 - +03 2016 Mar 27 2:00s    4:00 - +04      # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2655:   # Note: Effective 2005-12-01, (59) Perm Oblast and (81) Komi-Permyak   # Autonomous Okrug merged to form (90, RU-PER) Perm Krai.      # Milne says Yekaterinburg was 4:02:32.9; round to nearest.   # Byalokoz 1919 says its provincial time was based on Perm, at 3:45:05.   # Assume it switched on 1916-07-03, the time of the new standard.   # The 1919 and 1930 transitions are from Shanks.      Zone Asia/Yekaterinburg 4:02:33 - LMT 1916 Jul 3    3:45:05 - PMT 1919 Jul 15 4:00 -  4:00 - SVET 1930 Jun 21 # Sverdlovsk Time -  5:00 Russia SVE%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  4:00 Russia SVE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  5:00 Russia YEK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  6:00 - YEKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s -  5:00 - YEKT +  4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21 +  5:00 Russia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  4:00 Russia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  5:00 Russia +05/+06 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  6:00 - +06 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  5:00 - +05         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):   # Asia/Omsk covers...   # 55 RU-OMS Omsk Oblast      # Byalokoz 1919 says Omsk was 4:53:30.      Zone Asia/Omsk 4:53:30 - LMT 1919 Nov 14 -  5:00 - OMST 1930 Jun 21 # Omsk Time -  6:00 Russia OMS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  5:00 Russia OMS%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  6:00 Russia OMS%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  7:00 - OMST 2014 Oct 26 2:00s -  6:00 - OMST +  5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21 +  6:00 Russia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  5:00 Russia +05/+06 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  6:00 Russia +06/+07 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  7:00 - +07 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  6:00 - +06      # From Paul Eggert (2016-02-22):   # Asia/Barnaul covers:   # 04 RU-AL Altai Republic   # 22 RU-ALT Altai Krai      # Data before 1991 are from Shanks & Pottenger.      # From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):   # Letter of Bank of Russia from 1995-05-25
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2755:   # From Stanislaw A. Kuzikowski (1994-06-29):   # Tomsk is still 4 hours ahead of Moscow.      # From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-19):   # http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?docbody=&nd=102075743   # (fifth time belt being UTC+5+1(decree time)   # / UTC+5+1(decree time)+1(summer time)) ...   # Note that time belts (numbered from 2 (Moscow) to 12 according to their   # GMT/UTC offset and having too many exceptions like regions formally   # belonging to one belt but using time from another) were replaced - # with time zones in 2011 with different numberings (there was a + # with time zones in 2011 with different numbering (there was a   # 2-hour gap between second and third zones in 2011-2014).      # From Stepan Golosunov (2016-04-12):   # http://asozd2.duma.gov.ru/main.nsf/(SpravkaNew)?OpenAgent&RN=1006865-6   # This bill was approved in the first reading today. It moves Tomsk oblast   # from UTC+6 to UTC+7 and is supposed to come into effect on 2016-05-29 at   # 2:00. The bill needs to be approved in the second and the third readings by   # the State Duma, approved by the Federation Council, signed by the President   # and published to become a law. Minor changes in the text are to be expected   # before the second reading (references need to be updated to account for the
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2838:   # 17 RU-TY Tuva Republic   # 19 RU-KK Khakassia, Republic of   # 24 RU-KYA Krasnoyarsk Krai   #   # Note: Effective 2007-01-01, (88) Evenk Autonomous Okrug and (84) Taymyr   # Autonomous Okrug were merged into (24, RU-KYA) Krasnoyarsk Krai.      # Byalokoz 1919 says Krasnoyarsk was 6:11:26.      Zone Asia/Krasnoyarsk 6:11:26 - LMT 1920 Jan 6 -  6:00 - KRAT 1930 Jun 21 # Krasnoyarsk Time -  7:00 Russia KRA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  6:00 Russia KRA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  7:00 Russia KRA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  8:00 - KRAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s -  7:00 - KRAT +  6:00 - +06 1930 Jun 21 +  7:00 Russia +07/+08 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  6:00 Russia +06/+07 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  7:00 Russia +07/+08 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  8:00 - +08 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  7:00 - +07         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):   # Asia/Irkutsk covers...   # 03 RU-BU Buryatia, Republic of   # 38 RU-IRK Irkutsk Oblast   #   # Note: Effective 2008-01-01, (85) Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug was   # merged into (38, RU-IRK) Irkutsk Oblast.      # Milne 1899 says Irkutsk was 6:57:15.   # Byalokoz 1919 says Irkutsk was 6:57:05.   # Go with Byalokoz.      Zone Asia/Irkutsk 6:57:05 - LMT 1880    6:57:05 - IMT 1920 Jan 25 # Irkutsk Mean Time -  7:00 - IRKT 1930 Jun 21 # Irkutsk Time -  8:00 Russia IRK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  7:00 Russia IRK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  8:00 Russia IRK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  9:00 - IRKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s -  8:00 - IRKT +  7:00 - +07 1930 Jun 21 +  8:00 Russia +08/+09 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  7:00 Russia +07/+08 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  8:00 Russia +08/+09 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  9:00 - +09 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  8:00 - +08         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06):   # Asia/Chita covers...   # 92 RU-ZAB Zabaykalsky Krai   #   # Note: Effective 2008-03-01, (75) Chita Oblast and (80) Agin-Buryat   # Autonomous Okrug merged to form (92, RU-ZAB) Zabaykalsky Krai.      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2016-01-02):   # [The] time zone in the Trans-Baikal Territory (Zabaykalsky Krai) -   # Asia/Chita [is changing] from UTC+8 to UTC+9. Effective date will   # be March 27, 2016 at 2:00am....   # http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201512300107      Zone Asia/Chita 7:33:52 - LMT 1919 Dec 15 -  8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time -  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s -  8:00 - IRKT 2016 Mar 27 2:00 -  9:00 - YAKT +  8:00 - +08 1930 Jun 21 +  9:00 Russia +09/+10 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  8:00 Russia +08/+09 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  9:00 Russia +09/+10 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  10:00 - +10 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  8:00 - +08 2016 Mar 27 2:00 +  9:00 - +09         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):   # Asia/Yakutsk covers...   # 28 RU-AMU Amur Oblast   #   # ...and parts of (14, RU-SA) Sakha (Yakutia) Republic:   # 14-02 **** Aldansky District   # 14-04 **** Amginsky District   # 14-05 **** Anabarsky District
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2928:   # 14-34 **** Eveno-Bytantaysky National District      # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Our commentary seems to have lost mention of (14-19) Neryungrinsky District.   # Since the surrounding districts of Sakha are all YAKT, assume this is, too.   # Also assume its history has been the same as the rest of Asia/Yakutsk.      # Byalokoz 1919 says Yakutsk was 8:38:58.      Zone Asia/Yakutsk 8:38:58 - LMT 1919 Dec 15 -  8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time -  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s -  9:00 - YAKT +  8:00 - +08 1930 Jun 21 +  9:00 Russia +09/+10 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  8:00 Russia +08/+09 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  9:00 Russia +09/+10 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  10:00 - +10 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  9:00 - +09         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):   # Asia/Vladivostok covers...   # 25 RU-PRI Primorsky Krai   # 27 RU-KHA Khabarovsk Krai   # 79 RU-YEV Jewish Autonomous Oblast   #   # ...and parts of (14, RU-SA) Sakha (Yakutia) Republic:   # 14-09 **** Verkhoyansky District   # 14-31 **** Ust-Yansky District      # Milne 1899 says Vladivostok was 8:47:33.5.   # Byalokoz 1919 says Vladivostok was 8:47:31.   # Go with Byalokoz.      Zone Asia/Vladivostok 8:47:31 - LMT 1922 Nov 15 -  9:00 - VLAT 1930 Jun 21 # Vladivostok Time -  10:00 Russia VLA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  9:00 Russia VLA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  11:00 - VLAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s -  10:00 - VLAT +  9:00 - +09 1930 Jun 21 +  10:00 Russia +10/+11 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  9:00 Russia +09/+10 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  10:00 Russia +10/+11 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  11:00 - +11 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  10:00 - +10         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Asia/Khandyga covers parts of (14, RU-SA) Sakha (Yakutia) Republic:   # 14-28 **** Tomponsky District   # 14-30 **** Ust-Maysky District      # From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09):   # Tomponskij and Ust'-Majskij switched from Vladivostok time to Yakutsk time   # in 2011.      # From Paul Eggert (2012-11-25):   # Shanks and Pottenger (2003) has Khandyga on Yakutsk time.   # Make a wild guess that it switched to Vladivostok time in 2004.   # This transition is no doubt wrong, but we have no better info.      Zone Asia/Khandyga 9:02:13 - LMT 1919 Dec 15 -  8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time -  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2004 -  10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  11:00 - VLAT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725? -  10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s -  9:00 - YAKT +  8:00 - +08 1930 Jun 21 +  9:00 Russia +09/+10 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  8:00 Russia +08/+09 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  9:00 Russia +09/+10 2004 +  10:00 Russia +10/+11 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  11:00 - +11 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725? +  10:00 - +10 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  9:00 - +09         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Asia/Sakhalin covers...   # 65 RU-SAK Sakhalin Oblast   # ...with the exception of:   # 65-11 **** Severo-Kurilsky District (North Kuril Islands)      # From Matt Johnson (2016-02-22):   # Asia/Sakhalin is moving (in entirety) from UTC+10 to UTC+11 ...   # (2016-03-09):   # http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201603090044      # The Zone name should be Asia/Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, but that's too long.   Zone Asia/Sakhalin 9:30:48 - LMT 1905 Aug 23 -  9:00 - JCST 1937 Oct 1 -  9:00 - JST 1945 Aug 25 -  11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s # Sakhalin T -  10:00 Russia SAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1997 Mar lastSun 2:00s -  10:00 Russia SAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  11:00 - SAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s -  10:00 - SAKT 2016 Mar 27 2:00s -  11:00 - SAKT +  9:00 - +09 1945 Aug 25 +  11:00 Russia +11/+12 1991 Mar 31 2:00s # Sakhalin T +  10:00 Russia +10/+11 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  11:00 Russia +11/+12 1997 Mar lastSun 2:00s +  10:00 Russia +10/+11 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  11:00 - +11 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  10:00 - +10 2016 Mar 27 2:00s +  11:00 - +11         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):   # Asia/Magadan covers...   # 49 RU-MAG Magadan Oblast      # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06), per Alexander Krivenyshev (2014-07-02):   # Magadan Oblast is moving from UTC+12 to UTC+10 on 2014-10-26; however,   # several districts of Sakha Republic as well as Severo-Kurilsky District of   # the Sakhalin Oblast (also known as the North Kuril Islands), represented
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3028:      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2016-03-27):   # ... draft bill 948300-6 to change its time zone from UTC+10 to UTC+11 ...   # will take ... effect ... on April 24, 2016 at 2 o'clock   #   # From Matt Johnson (2016-04-05):   # ... signed by the President today ...   # http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201604050038      Zone Asia/Magadan 10:03:12 - LMT 1924 May 2 -  10:00 - MAGT 1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time -  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  12:00 - MAGT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s -  10:00 - MAGT 2016 Apr 24 2:00s -  11:00 - MAGT +  10:00 - +10 1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time +  11:00 Russia +11/+12 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  10:00 Russia +10/+11 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  12:00 - +12 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  10:00 - +10 2016 Apr 24 2:00s +  11:00 - +11         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06):   # Asia/Srednekolymsk covers parts of (14, RU-SA) Sakha (Yakutia) Republic:   # 14-01 **** Abyysky District   # 14-03 **** Allaikhovsky District   # 14-08 **** Verkhnekolymsky District   # 14-17 **** Momsky District   # 14-20 **** Nizhnekolymsky District   # 14-25 **** Srednekolymsky District
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3077:   # Assume this is a mistake, albeit an amusing one.   #   # Looking at censuses, the populations of the two municipalities seem to have   # fluctuated recently. Zyryanka was more populous than Srednekolymsk in the   # 1989 and 2002 censuses, but Srednekolymsk was more populous in the most   # recent (2010) census, 3525 to 3170. (See pages 195 and 197 of   # http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/Documents/Vol1/pub-01-05.pdf   # in Russian.) In addition, Srednekolymsk appears to be a much older   # settlement and the population of Zyryanka seems to be declining.   # Go with Srednekolymsk. - # - # Since Magadan Oblast moves to UTC+10 on 2014-10-26, we cannot keep using MAGT - # as the abbreviation. Use SRET instead. +       Zone Asia/Srednekolymsk 10:14:52 - LMT 1924 May 2 -  10:00 - MAGT 1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time -  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  12:00 - MAGT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s -  11:00 - SRET # Srednekolymsk Time +  10:00 - +10 1930 Jun 21 +  11:00 Russia +11/+12 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  10:00 Russia +10/+11 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  12:00 - +12 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  11:00 - +11         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Asia/Ust-Nera covers parts of (14, RU-SA) Sakha (Yakutia) Republic:   # 14-22 **** Oymyakonsky District      # From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09):   # Ojmyakonskij [and the Kuril Islands] switched from   # Magadan time to Vladivostok time in 2011.   #   # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06), per Alexander Krivenyshev (2014-07-02):   # It's unlikely that any of the Kuril Islands were involved in such a switch,   # as the South and Middle Kurils have been on UTC+11 (SAKT) with the rest of   # Sakhalin Oblast since at least 2011-09, and the North Kurils have been on   # UTC+12 since at least then, too.      Zone Asia/Ust-Nera 9:32:54 - LMT 1919 Dec 15 -  8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time -  9:00 Russia YAKT 1981 Apr 1 -  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  12:00 - MAGT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725? -  11:00 - VLAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s -  10:00 - VLAT +  8:00 - +08 1930 Jun 21 +  9:00 Russia +09/+10 1981 Apr 1 +  11:00 Russia +11/+12 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  10:00 Russia +10/+11 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  12:00 - +12 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725? +  11:00 - +11 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  10:00 - +10         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):   # Asia/Kamchatka covers...   # 91 RU-KAM Kamchatka Krai   #   # Note: Effective 2007-07-01, (41) Kamchatka Oblast and (82) Koryak   # Autonomous Okrug merged to form (91, RU-KAM) Kamchatka Krai.      # The Zone name should be Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski or perhaps   # Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, but these are too long.   Zone Asia/Kamchatka 10:34:36 - LMT 1922 Nov 10 -  11:00 - PETT 1930 Jun 21 # P-K Time -  12:00 Russia PET%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  11:00 Russia PET%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  12:00 Russia PET%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s -  11:00 Russia PET%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  12:00 - PETT +  11:00 - +11 1930 Jun 21 +  12:00 Russia +12/+13 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  11:00 Russia +11/+12 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  12:00 Russia +12/+13 2010 Mar 28 2:00s +  11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  12:00 - +12         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Asia/Anadyr covers...   # 87 RU-CHU Chukotka Autonomous Okrug      Zone Asia/Anadyr 11:49:56 - LMT 1924 May 2 -  12:00 - ANAT 1930 Jun 21 # Anadyr Time -  13:00 Russia ANA%sT 1982 Apr 1 0:00s -  12:00 Russia ANA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  11:00 Russia ANA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  12:00 Russia ANA%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s -  11:00 Russia ANA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  12:00 - ANAT +  12:00 - +12 1930 Jun 21 +  13:00 Russia +13/+14 1982 Apr 1 0:00s +  12:00 Russia +12/+13 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  11:00 Russia +11/+12 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  12:00 Russia +12/+13 2010 Mar 28 2:00s +  11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  12:00 - +12         # San Marino   # See Europe/Rome.      # Serbia   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Belgrade 1:22:00 - LMT 1884    1:00 - CET 1941 Apr 18 23:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3403:   Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - May Mon>=1 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Mon>=1 2:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1853 Jul 16 # See above comment.    0:29:46 - BMT 1894 Jun # Bern Mean Time    1:00 Swiss CE%sT 1981    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Turkey    - # From Amar Devegowda (2007-01-03): - # The time zone rules for Istanbul, Turkey have not been changed for years now. - # ... The latest rules are available at: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/timezone.html?n=107 - # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-01-03): - # I have been able to find press records back to 1996 which all say that - # DST started 01:00 local time and end at 02:00 local time. I am not sure - # what happened before that. One example for each year from 1996 to 2001: - # http://newspot.byegm.gov.tr/arsiv/1996/21/N4.htm - # http://www.byegm.gov.tr/YAYINLARIMIZ/CHR/ING97/03/97X03X25.TXT - # http://www.byegm.gov.tr/YAYINLARIMIZ/CHR/ING98/03/98X03X02.HTM - # http://www.byegm.gov.tr/YAYINLARIMIZ/CHR/ING99/10/99X10X26.HTM#%2016 - # http://www.byegm.gov.tr/YAYINLARIMIZ/CHR/ING2000/03/00X03X06.HTM#%2021 - # http://www.byegm.gov.tr/YAYINLARIMIZ/CHR/ING2001/03/23x03x01.HTM#%2027 - # From Paul Eggert (2007-01-03): - # Prefer the above source to Shanks & Pottenger for time stamps after 1990. + # From Kıvanç Yazan (2016-09-25): + # 1) For 1986-2006, DST started at 01:00 local and ended at 02:00 local, with + # no exceptions. + # 2) 1994's lastSun was overridden with Mar 20 ... + # Here are official papers: + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/19032.pdf - page 2 for 1986 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/19400.pdf - page 4 for 1987 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/19752.pdf - page 15 for 1988 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/20102.pdf - page 6 for 1989 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/20464.pdf - page 1 for 1990 - 1992 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/21531.pdf - page 15 for 1993 - 1995 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/21879.pdf - page 1 for overriding 1994 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/22588.pdf - page 1 for 1996, 1997 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/23286.pdf - page 10 for 1998 - 2000 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2001/03/20010324.htm#2 - for 2001 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2002/03/20020316.htm#2 - for 2002-2006 + # From Paul Eggert (2016-09-25): + # Prefer the above sources to Shanks & Pottenger for time stamps after 1985.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-03-09):   # Starting 2007 though, it seems that they are adopting EU's 1:00 UTC   # start/end time, according to the following page (2007-03-07):   # http://www.ntvmsnbc.com/news/402029.asp   # The official document is located here - it is in Turkish...:   # http://rega.basbakanlik.gov.tr/eskiler/2007/03/20070307-7.htm   # I was able to locate the following seemingly official document   # (on a non-government server though) describing dates between 2002 and 2006:   # http://www.alomaliye.com/bkk_2002_3769.htm
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3465:   # It's officially announced now by the Ministry of Energy.   # Turkey delays winter time to 8th of November 04:00   # http://www.aa.com.tr/tr/turkiye/yaz-saati-uygulamasi-8-kasimda-sona-erecek/362217   #   # From BBC News (2015-10-25):   # Confused Turks are asking "what's the time?" after automatic clocks defied a   # government decision ... "For the next two weeks #Turkey is on EEST... Erdogan   # Engineered Standard Time," said Twitter user @aysekarahasan.   # http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-34631326    + # From Burak AYDIN (2016-09-08): + # Turkey will stay in Daylight Saving Time even in winter.... + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2016/09/20160908-2.pdf + # + # From Paul Eggert (2016-09-07): + # The change is permanent, so this is the new standard time in Turkey. + # It takes effect today, which is not much notice. +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Turkey 1916 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1916 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1920 only - Mar 28 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1920 only - Oct 25 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1921 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1921 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1922 only - Mar 26 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1922 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -   # Whitman gives 1923 Apr 28 - Sep 16 and no DST in 1924-1925;
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3519:   Rule Turkey 1976 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1977 1978 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1977 only - Oct 16 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1979 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 3:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1979 1982 - Oct Mon>=11 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1981 1982 - Mar lastSun 3:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1983 only - Jul 31 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1983 only - Oct 2 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1985 only - Apr 20 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1985 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 - - Rule Turkey 1986 1990 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1986 1990 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 - - Rule Turkey 1991 2006 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1991 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 - + Rule Turkey 1986 1993 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S + Rule Turkey 1986 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 - + Rule Turkey 1994 only - Mar 20 1:00s 1:00 S + Rule Turkey 1995 2006 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1996 2006 - Oct lastSun 1:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Istanbul 1:55:52 - LMT 1880    1:56:56 - IMT 1910 Oct # Istanbul Mean Time?    2:00 Turkey EE%sT 1978 Oct 15 -  3:00 Turkey TR%sT 1985 Apr 20 # Turkey Time +  3:00 Turkey +03/+04 1985 Apr 20    2:00 Turkey EE%sT 2007    2:00 EU EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 1:00u    2:00 - EET 2011 Mar 28 1:00u    2:00 EU EE%sT 2014 Mar 30 1:00u    2:00 - EET 2014 Mar 31 1:00u    2:00 EU EE%sT 2015 Oct 25 1:00u    2:00 1:00 EEST 2015 Nov 8 1:00u -  2:00 EU EE%sT +  2:00 EU EE%sT 2016 Sep 7 +  3:00 - +03   Link Europe/Istanbul Asia/Istanbul # Istanbul is in both continents.      # Ukraine   #   # From Igor Karpov, who works for the Ukrainian Ministry of Justice,   # via Garrett Wollman (2003-01-27):   # BTW, I've found the official document on this matter. It's government   # regulations No. 509, May 13, 1996. In my poor translation it says:   # "Time in Ukraine is set to second timezone (Kiev time). Each last Sunday   # of March at 3am the time is changing to 4am and each last Sunday of