pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / europe

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1: - # @(#)europe 8.12 + # @(#)europe 8.20   # <pre>      # This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,   # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to   # tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).      # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is   # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),   # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:450:   # Common Market, etc.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule EU 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 1:00u 1:00 S   Rule EU 1977 only - Sep lastSun 1:00u 0 -   Rule EU 1978 only - Oct 1 1:00u 0 -   Rule EU 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00u 0 -   Rule EU 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 1:00 S   Rule EU 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0 -   # The most recent directive covers the years starting in 2002. See: - # <a href="http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/en/lif/dat/2000/en_300L0084.html" + # <a href="http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/en/lif/dat/2000/en_300L0084.html">   # Directive 2000/84/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council   # of 19 January 2001 on summer-time arrangements.   # </a>      # W-Eur differs from EU only in that W-Eur uses standard time.   Rule W-Eur 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule W-Eur 1977 only - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 -   Rule W-Eur 1978 only - Oct 1 1:00s 0 -   Rule W-Eur 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 -   Rule W-Eur 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:473:   # Older C-Eur rules are for convenience in the tables.   # From 1977 on, C-Eur differs from EU only in that C-Eur uses standard time.   Rule C-Eur 1916 only - Apr 30 23:00 1:00 S   Rule C-Eur 1916 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 -   Rule C-Eur 1917 1918 - Apr Mon>=15 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule C-Eur 1917 1918 - Sep Mon>=15 2:00s 0 -   Rule C-Eur 1940 only - Apr 1 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule C-Eur 1942 only - Nov 2 2:00s 0 -   Rule C-Eur 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule C-Eur 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00s 0 - - Rule C-Eur 1944 only - Apr 3 2:00s 1:00 S + Rule C-Eur 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00s 1:00 S   # Whitman gives 1944 Oct 7; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule C-Eur 1944 only - Oct 2 2:00s 0 - -  + # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2008-07-13): + # + # I found what is probably a typo of 2:00 which should perhaps be 2:00s + # in the C-Eur rule from tz database version 2008d (this part was + # corrected in version 2008d). The circumstancial evidence is simply the + # tz database itself, as seen below: + # + # Zone Europe/Paris 0:09:21 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01 + # 0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00 + # + # Zone Europe/Monaco 0:29:32 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 + # 0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00 + # + # Zone Europe/Belgrade 1:22:00 - LMT 1884 + # 1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Sep 16 2:00s + # + # Rule France 1945 only - Sep 16 3:00 0 - + # Rule Belgium 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 - + # Rule Neth 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 - + # + # The rule line to be changed is: + # + # Rule C-Eur 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00 0 - + # + # It seems that Paris, Monaco, Rule France, Rule Belgium all agree on + # 2:00 standard time, e.g. 3:00 local time. However there are no + # countries that use C-Eur rules in September 1945, so the only items + # affected are apparently these ficticious zones that translates acronyms + # CET and MET: + # + # Zone CET 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT + # Zone MET 1:00 C-Eur ME%sT + # + # It this is right then the corrected version would look like: + # + # Rule C-Eur 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 - + # + # A small step for mankind though 8-) + Rule C-Eur 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   Rule C-Eur 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule C-Eur 1977 only - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -   Rule C-Eur 1978 only - Oct 1 2:00s 0 -   Rule C-Eur 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -   Rule C-Eur 1981 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule C-Eur 1996 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -      # E-Eur differs from EU only in that E-Eur switches at midnight local time.   Rule E-Eur 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule E-Eur 1977 only - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:718:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Bulg 1979 only - Mar 31 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Bulg 1979 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 -   Rule Bulg 1980 1982 - Apr Sat>=1 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Bulg 1980 only - Sep 29 1:00 0 -   Rule Bulg 1981 only - Sep 27 2:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Sofia 1:33:16 - LMT 1880    1:56:56 - IMT 1894 Nov 30 # Istanbul MT?    2:00 - EET 1942 Nov 2 3:00 -  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 3:00 +  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 +  1:00 - CET 1945 Apr 2 3:00    2:00 - EET 1979 Mar 31 23:00    2:00 Bulg EE%sT 1982 Sep 26 2:00    2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1991    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1997    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Croatia   # see Serbia      # Cyprus
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1086:    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Germany      # From Markus Kuhn (1998-09-29):   # The German time zone web site by the Physikalisch-Technische   # Bundesanstalt contains DST information back to 1916.   # [See tz-link.htm for the URL.]      # From Joerg Schilling (2002-10-23): - # In 1945, Berlin was switched to Moscow Summer time (GMT+4) by <a - # href="http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/biografien/BersarinNikolai/"> + # In 1945, Berlin was switched to Moscow Summer time (GMT+4) by + # <a href="http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/biografien/BersarinNikolai/">   # General [Nikolai] Bersarin</a>.      # From Paul Eggert (2003-03-08):   # <a href="http://www.parlament-berlin.de/pds-fraktion.nsf/727459127c8b66ee8525662300459099/defc77cb784f180ac1256c2b0030274b/$FILE/bersarint.pdf"> -  + # http://www.parlament-berlin.de/pds-fraktion.nsf/727459127c8b66ee8525662300459099/defc77cb784f180ac1256c2b0030274b/$FILE/bersarint.pdf + # </a>   # says that Bersarin issued an order to use Moscow time on May 20.   # However, Moscow did not observe daylight saving in 1945, so   # this was equivalent to CEMT (GMT+3), not GMT+4.         # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Germany 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00s 1:00 S - Rule Germany 1945 only - May 24 2:00 2:00 M # Midsummer - Rule Germany 1945 only - Sep 24 3:00 1:00 S - Rule Germany 1945 only - Nov 18 2:00s 0 - +    Rule Germany 1946 only - Apr 14 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Germany 1946 only - Oct 7 2:00s 0 -   Rule Germany 1947 1949 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - - Rule Germany 1947 only - Apr 6 2:00s 1:00 S + # http://www.ptb.de/de/org/4/44/441/salt.htm says the following transition + # occurred at 3:00 MEZ, not the 2:00 MEZ given in Shanks & Pottenger. + # Go with the PTB. + Rule Germany 1947 only - Apr 6 3:00s 1:00 S   Rule Germany 1947 only - May 11 2:00s 2:00 M   Rule Germany 1947 only - Jun 29 3:00 1:00 S   Rule Germany 1948 only - Apr 18 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Germany 1949 only - Apr 10 2:00s 1:00 S -  +  + Rule SovietZone 1945 only - May 24 2:00 2:00 M # Midsummer + Rule SovietZone 1945 only - Sep 24 3:00 1:00 S + Rule SovietZone 1945 only - Nov 18 2:00s 0 - +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Berlin 0:53:28 - LMT 1893 Apr -  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00 +  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 24 2:00 +  1:00 SovietZone CE%sT 1946    1:00 Germany CE%sT 1980    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Georgia   # Please see the "asia" file for Asia/Tbilisi.   # Herodotus (Histories, IV.45) says Georgia north of the Phasis (now Rioni)   # is in Europe. Our reference location Tbilisi is in the Asian part.      # Gibraltar   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1189:   Rule Hungary 1954 1955 - Oct 3 0:00 0 -   Rule Hungary 1956 only - Jun Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Hungary 1956 only - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule Hungary 1957 only - Jun Sun>=1 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Hungary 1957 only - Sep lastSun 3:00 0 -   Rule Hungary 1980 only - Apr 6 1:00 1:00 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Budapest 1:16:20 - LMT 1890 Oct    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1918    1:00 Hungary CE%sT 1941 Apr 6 2:00 -  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 1 23:00 +  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945    1:00 Hungary CE%sT 1980 Sep 28 2:00s    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Iceland   #   # From Adam David (1993-11-06):   # The name of the timezone in Iceland for system / mail / news purposes is GMT.   #   # (1993-12-05):   # This material is paraphrased from the 1988 edition of the University of
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2106:    12:00 - ANAT 1930 Jun 21 # Anadyr Time    13:00 Russia ANA%sT 1982 Apr 1 0:00s    12:00 Russia ANA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    11:00 Russia ANA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    12:00 Russia ANA%sT      # Serbia   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Belgrade 1:22:00 - LMT 1884    1:00 - CET 1941 Apr 18 23:00 -  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 8 2:00s +  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 +  1:00 - CET 1945 May 8 2:00s    1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Sep 16 2:00s   # Metod Kozelj reports that the legal date of   # transition to EU rules was 1982-11-27, for all of Yugoslavia at the time.   # Shanks & Pottenger don't give as much detail, so go with Kozelj.    1:00 - CET 1982 Nov 27    1:00 EU CE%sT   Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Ljubljana # Slovenia   Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Podgorica # Montenegro   Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Sarajevo # Bosnia and Herzegovina   Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Skopje # Macedonia
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2258:    1:00 - CET 1980    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Switzerland   # From Howse:   # By the end of the 18th century clocks and watches became commonplace   # and their performance improved enormously. Communities began to keep   # mean time in preference to apparent time -- Geneva from 1780 ....   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   # From Whitman (who writes ``Midnight?''): - Rule Swiss 1940 only - Nov 2 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Swiss 1940 only - Dec 31 0:00 0 - + # Rule Swiss 1940 only - Nov 2 0:00 1:00 S + # Rule Swiss 1940 only - Dec 31 0:00 0 -   # From Shanks & Pottenger: - Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S - Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 0 - + # Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S + # Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 0 - +  + # From Alois Treindl (2008-12-17): + # I have researched the DST usage in Switzerland during the 1940ies. + # + # As I wrote in an earlier message, I suspected the current tzdata values + # to be wrong. This is now verified. + # + # I have found copies of the original ruling by the Swiss Federal + # government, in 'Eidgen[o]ssische Gesetzessammlung 1941 and 1942' (Swiss + # federal law collection)... + # + # DST began on Monday 5 May 1941, 1:00 am by shifting the clocks to 2:00 am + # DST ended on Monday 6 Oct 1941, 2:00 am by shifting the clocks to 1:00 am. + # + # DST began on Monday, 4 May 1942 at 01:00 am + # DST ended on Monday, 5 Oct 1942 at 02:00 am + # + # There was no DST in 1940, I have checked the law collection carefully. + # It is also indicated by the fact that the 1942 entry in the law + # collection points back to 1941 as a reference, but no reference to any + # other years are made. + # + # Newspaper articles I have read in the archives on 6 May 1941 reported + # about the introduction of DST (Sommerzeit in German) during the previous + # night as an absolute novelty, because this was the first time that such + # a thing had happened in Switzerland. + # + # I have also checked 1916, because one book source (Gabriel, Traite de + # l'heure dans le monde) claims that Switzerland had DST in 1916. This is + # false, no official document could be found. Probably Gabriel got misled + # by references to Germany, which introduced DST in 1916 for the first time. + # + # The tzdata rules for Switzerland must be changed to: + # Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - May Mon>=1 1:00 1:00 S + # Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Mon>=1 2:00 0 - + # + # The 1940 rules must be deleted. + # + # One further detail for Switzerland, which is probably out of scope for + # most users of tzdata: + # The zone file + # Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1848 Sep 12 + # 0:29:44 - BMT 1894 Jun #Bern Mean Time + # 1:00 Swiss CE%sT 1981 + # 1:00 EU CE%sT + # describes all of Switzerland correctly, with the exception of + # the Cantone Geneve (Geneva, Genf). Between 1848 and 1894 Geneve did not + # follow Bern Mean Time but kept its own local mean time. + # To represent this, an extra zone would be needed. +  + # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S + Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - May Mon>=1 1:00 1:00 S + Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Mon>=1 2:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1848 Sep 12    0:29:44 - BMT 1894 Jun # Bern Mean Time    1:00 Swiss CE%sT 1981    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Turkey      # From Amar Devegowda (2007-01-03):   # The time zone rules for Istanbul, Turkey have not been changed for years now.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2298:   # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-03-09):   # Starting 2007 though, it seems that they are adopting EU's 1:00 UTC   # start/end time, according to the following page (2007-03-07):   # http://www.ntvmsnbc.com/news/402029.asp   # The official document is located here - it is in Turkish...:   # http://rega.basbakanlik.gov.tr/eskiler/2007/03/20070307-7.htm   # I was able to locate the following seemingly official document   # (on a non-government server though) describing dates between 2002 and 2006:   # http://www.alomaliye.com/bkk_2002_3769.htm    + # From Sue Williams (2008-08-11): + # I spotted this news article about a potential change in Turkey. + # + # <a href="http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/english/domestic/9626174.asp?scr=1"> + # http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/english/domestic/9626174.asp?scr=1 + # </a> +  + # From Sue Williams (2008-08-20): + # This article says that around the end of March 2011, Turkey wants to + # adjust the clocks forward by 1/2 hour and stay that way permanently. + # The article indicates that this is a change in timezone offset in addition + # to stopping observance of DST. + # This proposal has not yet been approved. + # + # Read more here... + # + # Turkey to abandon daylight saving time in 2011 + # <a href="http://www.turkishdailynews.com.tr/article.php?enewsid=112989"> + # http://www.turkishdailynews.com.tr/article.php?enewsid=112989 + # </a> +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Turkey 1916 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1916 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1920 only - Mar 28 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1920 only - Oct 25 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1921 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1921 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1922 only - Mar 26 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1922 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -   # Whitman gives 1923 Apr 28 - Sep 16 and no DST in 1924-1925;