pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / europe

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:115:   # was standardised by the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, scholars observed   # this stone and the movement of stars from Kew Observatory nearby. They   # made their calculations and set the time for the Horse Guards and Parliament,   # but now the stone is obscured by scrubwood and can only be seen by walking   # along the towpath within a few yards of it.'   #   # I have a one inch to one mile map of London and my estimate of the stone's   # position is 51° 28' 30" N, 0° 18' 45" W. The longitude should   # be within about ±2". The Ordnance Survey grid reference is TQ172761.   # - # [This yields GMTOFF = -0:01:15 for London LMT in the 18th century.] + # [This yields STDOFF = -0:01:15 for London LMT in the 18th century.]      # From Paul Eggert (1993-11-18):   #   # Howse writes that Britain was the first country to use standard time.   # The railways cared most about the inconsistencies of local mean time,   # and it was they who forced a uniform time on the country.   # The original idea was credited to Dr. William Hyde Wollaston (1766-1828)   # and was popularized by Abraham Follett Osler (1808-1903).   # The first railway to adopt London time was the Great Western Railway   # in November 1840; other railways followed suit, and by 1847 most
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:493:   Rule GB-Eire 1981 1989 - Oct Sun>=23 1:00u 0 GMT   # Summer Time Order, 1989 (S.I. 1989/985)   # Summer Time Order, 1992 (S.I. 1992/1729)   # Summer Time Order 1994 (S.I. 1994/2798)   Rule GB-Eire 1990 1995 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00u 0 GMT   # Summer Time Order 1997 (S.I. 1997/2982)   # See EU for rules starting in 1996.   #   # Use Europe/London for Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man.    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/London -0:01:15 - LMT 1847 Dec 1 0:00s    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Oct 27    1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996    0:00 EU GMT/BST   Link Europe/London Europe/Jersey   Link Europe/London Europe/Guernsey   Link Europe/London Europe/Isle_of_Man      # From Paul Eggert (2018-02-15):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:531:   # negative SAVE values are used.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Eire 1971 only - Oct 31 2:00u -1:00 -   Rule Eire 1972 1980 - Mar Sun>=16 2:00u 0 -   Rule Eire 1972 1980 - Oct Sun>=23 2:00u -1:00 -   Rule Eire 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 0 -   Rule Eire 1981 1989 - Oct Sun>=23 1:00u -1:00 -   Rule Eire 1990 1995 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00u -1:00 -   Rule Eire 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u -1:00 -    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Dublin -0:25:00 - LMT 1880 Aug 2    -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00s    -0:25:21 1:00 IST 1916 Oct 1 2:00s    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1921 Dec 6 # independence    0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1940 Feb 25 2:00s    0:00 1:00 IST 1946 Oct 6 2:00s    0:00 - GMT 1947 Mar 16 2:00s    0:00 1:00 IST 1947 Nov 2 2:00s    0:00 - GMT 1948 Apr 18 2:00s    0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1968 Oct 27
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:730:   #   # Medvedev signed a law on the calculation of the time (in russian):   # https://www.regnum.ru/news/polit/1413906.html      # From Arthur David Olson (2011-06-15):   # Take "abolishing daylight saving time" to mean that time is now considered   # to be standard.      # These are for backward compatibility with older versions.    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone WET 0:00 EU WE%sT   Zone CET 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT   Zone MET 1:00 C-Eur ME%sT   Zone EET 2:00 EU EE%sT      # Previous editions of this database used abbreviations like MET DST   # for Central European Summer Time, but this didn't agree with common usage.      # From Markus Kuhn (1996-07-12):   # The official German names ... are
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:790:   Rule Albania 1979 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 -   Rule Albania 1980 only - May 3 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Albania 1980 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 -   Rule Albania 1981 only - Apr 26 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Albania 1981 only - Sep 27 0:00 0 -   Rule Albania 1982 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Albania 1982 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -   Rule Albania 1983 only - Apr 18 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Albania 1983 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Albania 1984 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Tirane 1:19:20 - LMT 1914    1:00 - CET 1940 Jun 16    1:00 Albania CE%sT 1984 Jul    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Andorra - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Andorra 0:06:04 - LMT 1901    0:00 - WET 1946 Sep 30    1:00 - CET 1985 Mar 31 2:00    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Austria      # Milne says Vienna time was 1:05:21.      # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): Shanks & Pottenger give 1918-06-16 and
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:823:      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Austria 1920 only - Apr 5 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1920 only - Sep 13 2:00s 0 -   Rule Austria 1946 only - Apr 14 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1946 1948 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Austria 1947 only - Apr 6 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1948 only - Apr 18 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1980 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1980 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Vienna 1:05:21 - LMT 1893 Apr    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1920    1:00 Austria CE%sT 1940 Apr 1 2:00s    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00s    1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Apr 12 2:00s    1:00 - CET 1946    1:00 Austria CE%sT 1981    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Belarus
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:855:   #   # Sources (Russian language):   # http://www.belta.by/ru/all_news/society/V-Belarusi-otmenjaetsja-perexod-na-sezonnoe-vremja_i_572952.html   # http://naviny.by/rubrics/society/2011/09/16/ic_articles_116_175144/   # https://news.tut.by/society/250578.html   #   # From Alexander Bokovoy (2014-10-09):   # Belarussian government decided against changing to winter time....   # http://eng.belta.by/all_news/society/Belarus-decides-against-adjusting-time-in-Russias-wake_i_76335.html   # - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Minsk 1:50:16 - LMT 1880    1:50 - MMT 1924 May 2 # Minsk Mean Time    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21    3:00 - MSK 1941 Jun 28    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Jul 3    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990    3:00 - MSK 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    3:00 - +03   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:919:   Rule Belgium 1937 only - Apr 4 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1938 only - Mar 27 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1939 only - Apr 16 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1939 only - Nov 19 2:00s 0 -   Rule Belgium 1940 only - Feb 25 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1944 only - Sep 17 2:00s 0 -   Rule Belgium 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   Rule Belgium 1946 only - May 19 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1946 only - Oct 7 2:00s 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Brussels 0:17:30 - LMT 1880    0:17:30 - BMT 1892 May 1 12:00 # Brussels MT    0:00 - WET 1914 Nov 8    1:00 - CET 1916 May 1 0:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1918 Nov 11 11:00u    0:00 Belgium WE%sT 1940 May 20 2:00s    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Sep 3    1:00 Belgium CE%sT 1977    1:00 EU CE%sT   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:946:   # A document of Government of Bulgaria (No. 94/1997) says:   # EET -> EETDST is in 03:00 Local time in last Sunday of March ...   # EETDST -> EET is in 04:00 Local time in last Sunday of October   #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Bulg 1979 only - Mar 31 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Bulg 1979 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 -   Rule Bulg 1980 1982 - Apr Sat>=1 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Bulg 1980 only - Sep 29 1:00 0 -   Rule Bulg 1981 only - Sep 27 2:00 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Sofia 1:33:16 - LMT 1880    1:56:56 - IMT 1894 Nov 30 # Istanbul MT?    2:00 - EET 1942 Nov 2 3:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945    1:00 - CET 1945 Apr 2 3:00    2:00 - EET 1979 Mar 31 23:00    2:00 Bulg EE%sT 1982 Sep 26 3:00    2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1991    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1997    2:00 EU EE%sT
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:979:   # We know of no English-language name for historical Czech winter time;   # abbreviate it as "GMT", as it happened to be GMT.   #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Czech 1945 only - Apr Mon>=1 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Czech 1945 only - Oct 1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Czech 1946 only - May 6 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Czech 1946 1949 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Czech 1947 1948 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Czech 1949 only - Apr 9 2:00s 1:00 S - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Prague 0:57:44 - LMT 1850    0:57:44 - PMT 1891 Oct # Prague Mean Time    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 9    1:00 Czech CE%sT 1946 Dec 1 3:00   # Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.    1:00 -1:00 GMT 1947 Feb 23 2:00   # Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.   # 0:00 - GMT 1947 Feb 23 2:00   # End of rearguard section.    1:00 Czech CE%sT 1979
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1041:   Rule Denmark 1940 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Denmark 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Denmark 1945 only - Aug 15 2:00s 0 -   Rule Denmark 1946 only - May 1 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Denmark 1946 only - Sep 1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Denmark 1947 only - May 4 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Denmark 1947 only - Aug 10 2:00s 0 -   Rule Denmark 1948 only - May 9 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Denmark 1948 only - Aug 8 2:00s 0 -   # - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Copenhagen 0:50:20 - LMT 1890    0:50:20 - CMT 1894 Jan 1 # Copenhagen MT    1:00 Denmark CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00    1:00 Denmark CE%sT 1980    1:00 EU CE%sT   Zone Atlantic/Faroe -0:27:04 - LMT 1908 Jan 11 # Tórshavn    0:00 - WET 1981    0:00 EU WE%sT   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1138:   # It is their only National Park.   #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Thule 1991 1992 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Thule 1991 1992 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Thule 1993 2006 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Thule 1993 2006 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Thule 2007 max - Mar Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Thule 2007 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 0 S   # - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Danmarkshavn -1:14:40 - LMT 1916 Jul 28    -3:00 - -03 1980 Apr 6 2:00    -3:00 EU -03/-02 1996    0:00 - GMT   Zone America/Scoresbysund -1:27:52 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Ittoqqortoormiit    -2:00 - -02 1980 Apr 6 2:00    -2:00 C-Eur -02/-01 1981 Mar 29    -1:00 EU -01/+00   Zone America/Godthab -3:26:56 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Nuuk    -3:00 - -03 1980 Apr 6 2:00
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1204:   # No. 206 (1998-09-22) and thus sticks Estonia to +02:00 GMT for all   # the year round. The regulation is effective 1999-11-01.      # From Toomas Soome (2002-02-21):   # The Estonian government has changed once again timezone politics.   # Now we are using again EU rules.   #   # From Urmet Jänes (2002-03-28):   # The legislative reference is Government decree No. 84 on 2002-02-21.    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Tallinn 1:39:00 - LMT 1880    1:39:00 - TMT 1918 Feb # Tallinn Mean Time    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1919 Jul    1:39:00 - TMT 1921 May    2:00 - EET 1940 Aug 6    3:00 - MSK 1941 Sep 15    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Sep 22    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar 26 2:00s    2:00 1:00 EEST 1989 Sep 24 2:00s    2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1998 Sep 22
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1267:      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Finland 1942 only - Apr 2 24:00 1:00 S   Rule Finland 1942 only - Oct 4 1:00 0 -   Rule Finland 1981 1982 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Finland 1981 1982 - Sep lastSun 3:00 0 -      # Milne says Helsinki (Helsingfors) time was 1:39:49.2 (official document);   # round to nearest.    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Helsinki 1:39:49 - LMT 1878 May 31    1:39:49 - HMT 1921 May # Helsinki Mean Time    2:00 Finland EE%sT 1983    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Åland Is   Link Europe/Helsinki Europe/Mariehamn         # France
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1357:   Rule France 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00 2:00 M   Rule France 1945 only - Sep 16 3:00 0 -   # Shanks & Pottenger give Mar 28 2:00 and Sep 26 3:00;   # go with Excoffier's 28/3/76 0hUT and 25/9/76 23hUT.   Rule France 1976 only - Mar 28 1:00 1:00 S   Rule France 1976 only - Sep 26 1:00 0 -   # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time, and Whitman 0:09:05,   # but Howse quotes the actual French legislation as saying 0:09:21.   # Go with Howse. Howse writes that the time in France was officially based   # on PMT-0:09:21 until 1978-08-09, when the time base finally switched to UTC. - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Paris 0:09:21 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01    0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Paris MT   # Shanks & Pottenger give 1940 Jun 14 0:00; go with Excoffier and Le Corre.    0:00 France WE%sT 1940 Jun 14 23:00   # Le Corre says Paris stuck with occupied-France time after the liberation;   # go with Shanks & Pottenger.    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Aug 25    0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00    1:00 France CE%sT 1977    1:00 EU CE%sT
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1405:   Rule Germany 1947 only - Apr 6 3:00s 1:00 S   Rule Germany 1947 only - May 11 2:00s 2:00 M   Rule Germany 1947 only - Jun 29 3:00 1:00 S   Rule Germany 1948 only - Apr 18 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Germany 1949 only - Apr 10 2:00s 1:00 S      Rule SovietZone 1945 only - May 24 2:00 2:00 M # Midsummer   Rule SovietZone 1945 only - Sep 24 3:00 1:00 S   Rule SovietZone 1945 only - Nov 18 2:00s 0 -    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Berlin 0:53:28 - LMT 1893 Apr    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 24 2:00    1:00 SovietZone CE%sT 1946    1:00 Germany CE%sT 1980    1:00 EU CE%sT      # From Tobias Conradi (2011-09-12):   # Büsingen <http://www.buesingen.de>, surrounded by the Swiss canton   # Schaffhausen, did not start observing DST in 1980 as the rest of DE   # (West Germany at that time) and DD (East Germany at that time) did.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1433:   # Büsingen and Zurich have shared clocks since 1970.      Link Europe/Zurich Europe/Busingen      # Georgia   # Please see the "asia" file for Asia/Tbilisi.   # Herodotus (Histories, IV.45) says Georgia north of the Phasis (now Rioni)   # is in Europe. Our reference location Tbilisi is in the Asian part.      # Gibraltar - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Gibraltar -0:21:24 - LMT 1880 Aug 2 0:00s    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1957 Apr 14 2:00    1:00 - CET 1982    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Greece   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   # Whitman gives 1932 Jul 5 - Nov 1; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule Greece 1932 only - Jul 7 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Greece 1932 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1464:   Rule Greece 1975 only - Nov 26 0:00s 0 -   Rule Greece 1976 only - Apr 11 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Greece 1976 only - Oct 10 2:00s 0 -   Rule Greece 1977 1978 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Greece 1977 only - Sep 26 2:00s 0 -   Rule Greece 1978 only - Sep 24 4:00 0 -   Rule Greece 1979 only - Apr 1 9:00 1:00 S   Rule Greece 1979 only - Sep 29 2:00 0 -   Rule Greece 1980 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Greece 1980 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Athens 1:34:52 - LMT 1895 Sep 14    1:34:52 - AMT 1916 Jul 28 0:01 # Athens MT    2:00 Greece EE%sT 1941 Apr 30    1:00 Greece CE%sT 1944 Apr 4    2:00 Greece EE%sT 1981    # Shanks & Pottenger say it switched to C-Eur in 1981;    # go with EU rules instead, since Greece joined Jan 1.    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Hungary
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1501:   Rule Hungary 1947 1949 - Apr Sun>=4 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Hungary 1950 only - Apr 17 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Hungary 1950 only - Oct 23 2:00s 0 -   Rule Hungary 1954 1955 - May 23 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Hungary 1954 1955 - Oct 3 0:00 0 -   Rule Hungary 1956 only - Jun Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Hungary 1956 only - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule Hungary 1957 only - Jun Sun>=1 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Hungary 1957 only - Sep lastSun 3:00 0 -   Rule Hungary 1980 only - Apr 6 1:00 1:00 S - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Budapest 1:16:20 - LMT 1890 Oct    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1918    1:00 Hungary CE%sT 1941 Apr 8    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945    1:00 Hungary CE%sT 1980 Sep 28 2:00s    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Iceland   #   # From Adam David (1993-11-06):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1562:   Rule Iceland 1941 1942 - Mar Sun>=2 1:00s 1:00 -   # 1943-1946 - first Sunday in March until first Sunday in winter   Rule Iceland 1943 1946 - Mar Sun>=1 1:00s 1:00 -   Rule Iceland 1942 1948 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00s 0 -   # 1947-1967 - first Sunday in April until first Sunday in winter   Rule Iceland 1947 1967 - Apr Sun>=1 1:00s 1:00 -   # 1949 and 1967 Oct transitions delayed by 1 week   Rule Iceland 1949 only - Oct 30 1:00s 0 -   Rule Iceland 1950 1966 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00s 0 -   Rule Iceland 1967 only - Oct 29 1:00s 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Atlantic/Reykjavik -1:28 - LMT 1908    -1:00 Iceland -01/+00 1968 Apr 7 1:00s    0:00 - GMT      # Italy   #   # From Paul Eggert (2001-03-06):   # Sicily and Sardinia each had their own time zones from 1866 to 1893,   # called Palermo Time (+00:53:28) and Cagliari Time (+00:36:32).   # During World War II, German-controlled Italy used German time.   # But these events all occurred before the 1970 cutoff,   # so record only the time in Rome.   # -  + # From Stephen Trainor (2019-05-06): + # http://www.ac-ilsestante.it/MERIDIANE/ora_legale/ORA_LEGALE_ESTIVA_IN_ITALIA.htm + # ... the [1866] law went into effect on 12 December 1866, rather than + # the date of the decree (22 Sep 1866) + # https://web.archive.org/web/20070824155341/http://www.iav.it/planetario/didastro/didastro/english.htm + # ... "In Italy in 1866 there were 6 railway times (Torino, Verona, Firenze, + # Roma, Napoli, Palermo). On that year it was decided to unify them, adopting + # the average time of Rome (even if this city was not yet part of the + # kingdom). On the 12th December 1866, on the starting of the winter time + # table, it took effect in the railways, the post office and the telegraph, + # not only for the internal service but also for the public.... Milano set + # the public watches on the Rome time on the same day (12th December 1866), + # Torino and Bologna on the 1st January 1867, Venezia the 1st May 1880 and the + # last city was Cagliari in 1886." + # + # From Luigi Rosa (2019-05-07): + # this is the scan of the decree: + # http://www.radiomarconi.com/marconi/filopanti/1866c.jpg + #   # From Michael Deckers (2016-10-24):   # http://www.ac-ilsestante.it/MERIDIANE/ora_legale quotes a law of 1893-08-10   # ... [translated as] "The preceding dispositions will enter into   # force at the instant at which, according to the time specified in   # the 1st article, the 1st of November 1893 will begin...."   #   # From Pierpaolo Bernardi (2016-10-20):   # The authoritative source for time in Italy is the national metrological   # institute, which has a summary page of historical DST data at   # http://www.inrim.it/res/tf/ora_legale_i.shtml -  + # [now at http://oldsite.inrim.it/res/tf/ora_legale_i.shtml as of 2017]   # (2016-10-24):   # http://www.renzobaldini.it/le-ore-legali-in-italia/   # has still different data for 1944. It divides Italy in two, as   # there were effectively two governments at the time, north of Gothic   # Line German controlled territory, official government RSI, and south   # of the Gothic Line, controlled by allied armies.   #   # From Brian Inglis (2016-10-23):   # Viceregal LEGISLATIVE DECREE. 14 September 1944, no. 219.   # Restoration of Standard Time. (044U0219) (OJ 62 of 30.9.1944) ...
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1649:   Rule Italy 1972 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -   Rule Italy 1973 only - Jun 3 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Italy 1973 1974 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -   Rule Italy 1974 only - May 26 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Italy 1975 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Italy 1975 1977 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -   Rule Italy 1976 only - May 30 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Italy 1977 1979 - May Sun>=22 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Italy 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -   Rule Italy 1979 only - Sep 30 0:00s 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Europe/Rome 0:49:56 - LMT 1866 Sep 22 + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + Zone Europe/Rome 0:49:56 - LMT 1866 Dec 12    0:49:56 - RMT 1893 Oct 31 23:49:56 # Rome Mean    1:00 Italy CE%sT 1943 Sep 10    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Jun 4    1:00 Italy CE%sT 1980    1:00 EU CE%sT      Link Europe/Rome Europe/Vatican   Link Europe/Rome Europe/San_Marino      # Latvia
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1725:   # appears that they will not do so....      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Latvia 1989 1996 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Latvia 1989 1996 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -      # Milne 1899 says Riga was 1:36:28 (Polytechnique House time).   # Byalokoz 1919 says Latvia was 1:36:34.   # Go with Byalokoz.    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Riga 1:36:34 - LMT 1880    1:36:34 - RMT 1918 Apr 15 2:00 # Riga MT    1:36:34 1:00 LST 1918 Sep 16 3:00 # Latvian ST    1:36:34 - RMT 1919 Apr 1 2:00    1:36:34 1:00 LST 1919 May 22 3:00    1:36:34 - RMT 1926 May 11    2:00 - EET 1940 Aug 5    3:00 - MSK 1941 Jul    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Oct 13    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar lastSun 2:00s
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1795:      # From a user via Klaus Marten (2003-02-07):   # As a candidate for membership of the European Union, Lithuania will   # observe Summer Time in 2003, changing its clocks at the times laid   # down in EU Directive 2000/84 of 19.I.01 (i.e. at the same times as its   # neighbour Latvia). The text of the Lithuanian government Order of   # 7.XI.02 to this effect can be found at   # http://www.lrvk.lt/nut/11/n1749.htm       - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Vilnius 1:41:16 - LMT 1880    1:24:00 - WMT 1917 # Warsaw Mean Time    1:35:36 - KMT 1919 Oct 10 # Kaunas Mean Time    1:00 - CET 1920 Jul 12    2:00 - EET 1920 Oct 9    1:00 - CET 1940 Aug 3    3:00 - MSK 1941 Jun 24    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Aug    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar 26 2:00s    2:00 Russia EE%sT 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1839:   Rule Lux 1922 only - Oct Sun>=2 1:00 0 -   Rule Lux 1923 only - Apr 21 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Lux 1923 only - Oct Sun>=2 2:00 0 -   Rule Lux 1924 only - Mar 29 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Lux 1924 1928 - Oct Sun>=2 1:00 0 -   Rule Lux 1925 only - Apr 5 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Lux 1926 only - Apr 17 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Lux 1927 only - Apr 9 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Lux 1928 only - Apr 14 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Lux 1929 only - Apr 20 23:00 1:00 S - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Luxembourg 0:24:36 - LMT 1904 Jun    1:00 Lux CE%sT 1918 Nov 25    0:00 Lux WE%sT 1929 Oct 6 2:00s    0:00 Belgium WE%sT 1940 May 14 3:00    1:00 C-Eur WE%sT 1944 Sep 18 3:00    1:00 Belgium CE%sT 1977    1:00 EU CE%sT      # North Macedonia   # See Europe/Belgrade.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1864:   # Assume 1900-1972 was like Rome, overriding Shanks.   #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Malta 1973 only - Mar 31 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Malta 1973 only - Sep 29 0:00s 0 -   Rule Malta 1974 only - Apr 21 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Malta 1974 only - Sep 16 0:00s 0 -   Rule Malta 1975 1979 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Malta 1975 1980 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 0 -   Rule Malta 1980 only - Mar 31 2:00 1:00 S - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Malta 0:58:04 - LMT 1893 Nov 2 0:00s # Valletta    1:00 Italy CE%sT 1973 Mar 31    1:00 Malta CE%sT 1981    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Moldova      # From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):   # the act of the government of the Republic of Moldova Nr. 132 from 1990-05-04   # http://lex.justice.md/viewdoc.php?action=view&view=doc&id=298782&lang=2
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1933:   # The abovementioned official link to IGO1445-868/2014 states that   # 2014-10-26's fallback transition occurred at 03:00 local time. Also,   # https://www.trm.md/en/social/la-30-martie-vom-trece-la-ora-de-vara   # says the 2014-03-30 spring-forward transition was at 02:00 local time.   # Guess that since 1997 Moldova has switched one hour before the EU.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Moldova 1997 max - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Moldova 1997 max - Oct lastSun 3:00 0 -    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Chisinau 1:55:20 - LMT 1880    1:55 - CMT 1918 Feb 15 # Chisinau MT    1:44:24 - BMT 1931 Jul 24 # Bucharest MT    2:00 Romania EE%sT 1940 Aug 15    2:00 1:00 EEST 1941 Jul 17    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Aug 24    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990 May 6 2:00    2:00 Russia EE%sT 1992    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1997   # See Romania commentary for the guessed 1997 transition to EU rules.    2:00 Moldova EE%sT      # Monaco   # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's   # more precise 0:09:21. - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Monaco 0:29:32 - LMT 1891 Mar 15    0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time    0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00    1:00 France CE%sT 1977    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Montenegro   # See Europe/Belgrade.      # Netherlands
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2024:   Rule Neth 1932 only - May 22 2:00s 1:00 NST   Rule Neth 1933 1936 - May 15 2:00s 1:00 NST   Rule Neth 1937 only - May 22 2:00s 1:00 NST   Rule Neth 1937 only - Jul 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Neth 1937 1939 - Oct Sun>=2 2:00s 0 -   Rule Neth 1938 1939 - May 15 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Neth 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Neth 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   #   # Amsterdam Mean Time was +00:19:32.13, but the .13 is omitted - # below because the current format requires GMTOFF to be an integer. - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # below because the current format requires STDOFF to be an integer. + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Amsterdam 0:19:32 - LMT 1835    0:19:32 Neth %s 1937 Jul 1    0:20 Neth +0020/+0120 1940 May 16 0:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00    1:00 Neth CE%sT 1977    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Norway   # http://met.no/met/met_lex/q_u/sommertid.html (2004-01) agrees with Shanks &   # Pottenger.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Norway 1916 only - May 22 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Norway 1916 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 -   Rule Norway 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Norway 1945 only - Oct 1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Norway 1959 1964 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Norway 1959 1965 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00s 0 -   Rule Norway 1965 only - Apr 25 2:00s 1:00 S - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Oslo 0:43:00 - LMT 1895 Jan 1    1:00 Norway CE%sT 1940 Aug 10 23:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00    1:00 Norway CE%sT 1980    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Svalbard & Jan Mayen      # From Steffen Thorsen (2001-05-01):   # Although I could not find it explicitly, it seems that Jan Mayen and
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2135:   Rule Poland 1948 only - Apr 18 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1949 only - Apr 10 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1957 only - Jun 2 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1957 1958 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 -   Rule Poland 1958 only - Mar 30 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1959 only - May 31 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1959 1961 - Oct Sun>=1 1:00s 0 -   Rule Poland 1960 only - Apr 3 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1961 1964 - May lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1962 1964 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Warsaw 1:24:00 - LMT 1880    1:24:00 - WMT 1915 Aug 5 # Warsaw Mean Time    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1918 Sep 16 3:00    2:00 Poland EE%sT 1922 Jun    1:00 Poland CE%sT 1940 Jun 23 2:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Oct    1:00 Poland CE%sT 1977    1:00 W-Eur CE%sT 1988    1:00 EU CE%sT   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2240:   Rule Port 1951 1965 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Port 1977 only - Mar 27 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Port 1977 only - Sep 25 0:00s 0 -   Rule Port 1978 1979 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Port 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -   Rule Port 1979 1982 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 -   Rule Port 1980 only - Mar lastSun 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Port 1981 1982 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Port 1983 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S   # - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Lisbon -0:36:45 - LMT 1884    -0:36:45 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 0:00u # Lisbon MT    0:00 Port WE%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00    1:00 - CET 1976 Sep 26 1:00    0:00 Port WE%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s    0:00 W-Eur WE%sT 1992 Sep 27 1:00s    1:00 EU CE%sT 1996 Mar 31 1:00u    0:00 EU WE%sT   # This Zone can be simplified once we assume zic %z.   Zone Atlantic/Azores -1:42:40 - LMT 1884 # Ponta Delgada
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2299:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Romania 1932 only - May 21 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Romania 1932 1939 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00s 0 -   Rule Romania 1933 1939 - Apr Sun>=2 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Romania 1979 only - May 27 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Romania 1979 only - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule Romania 1980 only - Apr 5 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Romania 1980 only - Sep lastSun 1:00 0 -   Rule Romania 1991 1993 - Mar lastSun 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Romania 1991 1993 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct    1:44:24 - BMT 1931 Jul 24 # Bucharest MT    2:00 Romania EE%sT 1981 Mar 29 2:00s    2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1991    2:00 Romania EE%sT 1994    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1997    2:00 EU EE%sT         # Russia
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3338:    11:00 Russia +11/+12 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    12:00 Russia +12/+13 2010 Mar 28 2:00s    11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    12:00 - +12         # San Marino   # See Europe/Rome.      # Serbia - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Belgrade 1:22:00 - LMT 1884    1:00 - CET 1941 Apr 18 23:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945    1:00 - CET 1945 May 8 2:00s    1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Sep 16 2:00s   # Metod Koželj reports that the legal date of   # transition to EU rules was 1982-11-27, for all of Yugoslavia at the time.   # Shanks & Pottenger don't give as much detail, so go with Koželj.    1:00 - CET 1982 Nov 27    1:00 EU CE%sT
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3444:   # except with "S" letters.   Rule SpainAfrica 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 S   Rule SpainAfrica 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule SpainAfrica 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 S   Rule SpainAfrica 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -   Rule SpainAfrica 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule SpainAfrica 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -   Rule SpainAfrica 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -   Rule SpainAfrica 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule SpainAfrica 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Madrid -0:14:44 - LMT 1900 Dec 31 23:45:16    0:00 Spain WE%sT 1940 Mar 16 23:00    1:00 Spain CE%sT 1979    1:00 EU CE%sT   Zone Africa/Ceuta -0:21:16 - LMT 1900 Dec 31 23:38:44    0:00 - WET 1918 May 6 23:00    0:00 1:00 WEST 1918 Oct 7 23:00    0:00 - WET 1924    0:00 Spain WE%sT 1929    0:00 - WET 1967 # Help zishrink.awk.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3512:   #   # I have now found a newspaper stating that at 1916-10-01 01:00   # summertime the church-clocks etc were set back one hour to show   # 1916-10-01 00:00 standard time. The article also reports that some   # people thought the switch to standard time would take place already   # at 1916-10-01 00:00 summer time, but they had to wait for another   # hour before the event took place.   #   # Source: The newspaper "Dagens Nyheter", 1916-10-01, page 7 upper left.    - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Stockholm 1:12:12 - LMT 1879 Jan 1    1:00:14 - SET 1900 Jan 1 # Swedish Time    1:00 - CET 1916 May 14 23:00    1:00 1:00 CEST 1916 Oct 1 1:00    1:00 - CET 1980    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Switzerland   # From Howse:   # By the end of the 18th century clocks and watches became commonplace
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3615:   # (Bundesblatt 1853, Bd. II, S. 859). On p 72 Messerli writes that in   # practice since July 1853 Bernese time was used in "all postal and telegraph   # offices in Switzerland from Geneva to St. Gallen and Basel to Chiasso"   # (Google translation). For now, model this transition as occurring on   # 1853-07-16, though it probably occurred at some other date in Zurich, and   # legal civil time probably changed at still some other transition date.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - May Mon>=1 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Mon>=1 2:00 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1853 Jul 16 # See above comment.    0:29:46 - BMT 1894 Jun # Bern Mean Time    1:00 Swiss CE%sT 1981    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Turkey      # From Kıvanç Yazan (2016-09-25):   # 1) For 1986-2006, DST started at 01:00 local and ended at 02:00 local, with   # no exceptions.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3765:   Rule Turkey 1981 1982 - Mar lastSun 3:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1983 only - Jul 31 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1983 only - Oct 2 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1985 only - Apr 20 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1985 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1986 1993 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1986 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 -   Rule Turkey 1994 only - Mar 20 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1995 2006 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1996 2006 - Oct lastSun 1:00s 0 - - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Istanbul 1:55:52 - LMT 1880    1:56:56 - IMT 1910 Oct # Istanbul Mean Time?    2:00 Turkey EE%sT 1978 Oct 15    3:00 Turkey +03/+04 1985 Apr 20    2:00 Turkey EE%sT 2007    2:00 EU EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 1:00u    2:00 - EET 2011 Mar 28 1:00u    2:00 EU EE%sT 2014 Mar 30 1:00u    2:00 - EET 2014 Mar 31 1:00u    2:00 EU EE%sT 2015 Oct 25 1:00u
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3862:   # For example, tzdb uses Europe/Kiev, as "Kiev" is the most common spelling in   # English for Ukraine's capital, even though it is certainly wrong as a   # transliteration of the Ukrainian "Київ". This is similar to tzdb's use of   # Europe/Prague, which is certainly wrong as a transliteration of the Czech   # "Praha". ("Kiev" came from old Slavic via Russian to English, and "Prague"   # came from old Slavic via French to English, so the two cases have something   # in common.) Admittedly English-language spelling of Ukrainian names is   # controversial, and some day "Kyiv" may become substantially more popular in   # English; in the meantime, stick with the traditional English "Kiev" as that   # means less disruption for our users. - # - # Anyway, none of the common English-language spellings (Kiev, Kyiv, Kieff, - # Kijeff, Kijev, Kiyef, Kiyeff) do justice to the common pronunciation in - # Ukrainian, namely [ˈkɪjiu̯] (IPA). This pronunciation has nothing like an - # English "v" or "f", and instead trails off with what an English-speaker - # would call a demure "oo" sound, and it would would be better anglicized as - # "Kuiyu". Here's a sound file, if you would like to do as the Kuiyuvians do: - # https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Uk-Київ.ogg +     - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] + # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   # This represents most of Ukraine. See above for the spelling of "Kiev".   Zone Europe/Kiev 2:02:04 - LMT 1880    2:02:04 - KMT 1924 May 2 # Kiev Mean Time    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21    3:00 - MSK 1941 Sep 20    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1943 Nov 6    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990 Jul 1 2:00    2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 3:00    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1995    2:00 EU EE%sT