pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / europe

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1:   # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of   # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.    - # This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better, + # This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,   # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to - # tz@iana.org for general use in the future). + # tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see + # the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.      # From Paul Eggert (2014-05-31):   # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is   # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),   # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).   #   # Gwillim Law writes that a good source   # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport   # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),   # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:31:   # William Willett, The Waste of Daylight, 19th edition   # <http://cs.ucla.edu/~eggert/The-Waste-of-Daylight-19th.pdf>   # [PDF] (1914-03)   #   # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94   # <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>. He writes:   # "It is requested that corrections and additions to these tables   # may be sent to Mr. John Milne, Royal Geographical Society,   # Savile Row, London." Nowadays please email them to tz@iana.org.   # + # Byalokoz EL. New Counting of Time in Russia since July 1, 1919. + # This Russian-language source was consulted by Vladimir Karpinsky; see + # http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-August/021320.html + # The full Russian citation is: + # Бялокоз, Евгений Людвигович. Новый счет времени в течении суток + # введенный декретом Совета народных комиссаров для всей России с 1-го + # июля 1919 г. / Изд. 2-е Междуведомственной комиссии. - Петроград: + # Десятая гос. тип., 1919. + # http://resolver.gpntb.ru/purl?docushare/dsweb/Get/Resource-2011/Byalokoz__E.L.__Novyy__schet__vremeni__v__techenie__sutok__izd__2(1).pdf + #   # Brazil's Divisão Serviço da Hora (DSHO),   # History of Summer Time   # <http://pcdsh01.on.br/HISTHV.htm>   # (1998-09-21, in Portuguese)      #   # I invented the abbreviations marked '*' in the following table;   # the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.   # Corrections are welcome!   # std dst 2dst
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:167:   # subscription and open to the public. On the south face of the monolith,   # designed by G. W. Miller, is the William Willett Memorial Sundial,   # which is permanently set to Summer Time.      # From Winston Churchill (1934-04-28):   # It is one of the paradoxes of history that we should owe the boon of   # summer time, which gives every year to the people of this country   # between 160 and 170 hours more daylight leisure, to a war which   # plunged Europe into darkness for four years, and shook the   # foundations of civilization throughout the world. - # <http://www.winstonchurchill.org/images/finesthour/Vol.01%20No.114.pdf> - # "A Silent Toast to William Willett", Pictorial Weekly + # -- "A Silent Toast to William Willett", Pictorial Weekly; + # republished in Finest Hour (Spring 2002) 1(114):26 + # http://www.winstonchurchill.org/images/finesthour/Vol.01%20No.114.pdf      # From Paul Eggert (1996-09-03):   # The OED Supplement says that the English originally said "Daylight Saving"   # when they were debating the adoption of DST in 1908; but by 1916 this   # term appears only in quotes taken from DST's opponents, whereas the   # proponents (who eventually won the argument) are quoted as using "Summer".      # From Arthur David Olson (1989-01-19):   # A source at the British Information Office in New York avers that it's   # known as "British" Summer Time in all parts of the United Kingdom.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:203:   # ... some military cables (WO 219/4100 - this is a copy from the   # main SHAEF archives held in the US National Archives, SHAEF/5252/8/516)   # agree that the usage is BDST (this appears in a message dated 17 Feb 1945).      # From Joseph S. Myers (2000-10-03):   # On 18th April 1941, Sir Stephen Tallents of the BBC wrote to Sir   # Alexander Maxwell of the Home Office asking whether there was any   # official designation; the reply of the 21st was that there wasn't   # but he couldn't think of anything better than the "Double British   # Summer Time" that the BBC had been using informally. - # http://student.cusu.cam.ac.uk/~jsm28/british-time/bbc-19410418.png - # http://student.cusu.cam.ac.uk/~jsm28/british-time/ho-19410421.png + # http://www.polyomino.org.uk/british-time/bbc-19410418.png + # http://www.polyomino.org.uk/british-time/ho-19410421.png      # From Sir Alexander Maxwell in the above-mentioned letter (1941-04-21):   # [N]o official designation has as far as I know been adopted for the time   # which is to be introduced in May....   # I cannot think of anything better than "Double British Summer Time"   # which could not be said to run counter to any official description.      # From Paul Eggert (2000-10-02):   # Howse writes (p 157) 'DBST' too, but 'BDST' seems to have been common   # and follows the more usual convention of putting the location name first,   # so we use 'BDST'.      # Peter Ilieve (1998-04-19) described at length   # the history of summer time legislation in the United Kingdom.   # Since 1998 Joseph S. Myers has been updating   # and extending this list, which can be found in - # http://student.cusu.cam.ac.uk/~jsm28/british-time/ - # History of legal time in Britain +    # http://www.polyomino.org.uk/british-time/      # From Joseph S. Myers (1998-01-06):   #   # The legal time in the UK outside of summer time is definitely GMT, not UTC;   # see Lord Tanlaw's speech - # <http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/ld199697/ldhansrd/pdvn/lds97/text/70611-20.htm#70611-20_head0> + # http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld199798/ldhansrd/vo970611/text/70611-10.htm#70611-10_head0   # (Lords Hansard 11 June 1997 columns 964 to 976).      # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   #   # For lack of other data, follow Shanks & Pottenger for Eire in 1940-1948.   #   # Given Ilieve and Myers's data, the following claims by Shanks & Pottenger   # are incorrect:   # * Wales did not switch from GMT to daylight saving time until   # 1921 Apr 3, when they began to conform with the rest of Great Britain.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:433:   # Summer Time Order, 1989 (S.I. 1989/985)   # Summer Time Order, 1992 (S.I. 1992/1729)   # Summer Time Order 1994 (S.I. 1994/2798)   Rule GB-Eire 1990 1995 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00u 0 GMT   # Summer Time Order 1997 (S.I. 1997/2982)   # See EU for rules starting in 1996.   #   # Use Europe/London for Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Europe/London -0:01:15 - LMT 1847 Dec 1 0:00s + Zone Europe/London -0:01:15 - LMT 1847 Dec 1 0:00s    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Oct 27 -  1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u +  1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996    0:00 EU GMT/BST   Link Europe/London Europe/Jersey   Link Europe/London Europe/Guernsey   Link Europe/London Europe/Isle_of_Man -  +  + # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Dublin -0:25:00 - LMT 1880 Aug 2 -  -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00 -  -0:25:21 1:00 IST 1916 Oct 1 2:00s +  -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00 +  -0:25:21 1:00 IST 1916 Oct 1 2:00s    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1921 Dec 6 # independence -  0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1940 Feb 25 2:00 -  0:00 1:00 IST 1946 Oct 6 2:00 -  0:00 - GMT 1947 Mar 16 2:00 -  0:00 1:00 IST 1947 Nov 2 2:00 -  0:00 - GMT 1948 Apr 18 2:00 +  0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1940 Feb 25 2:00 +  0:00 1:00 IST 1946 Oct 6 2:00 +  0:00 - GMT 1947 Mar 16 2:00 +  0:00 1:00 IST 1947 Nov 2 2:00 +  0:00 - GMT 1948 Apr 18 2:00    0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1968 Oct 27 -  1:00 - IST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u +  1:00 - IST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u    0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1996    0:00 EU GMT/IST      ###############################################################################      # Europe      # EU rules are for the European Union, previously known as the EC, EEC,   # Common Market, etc.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule EU 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 1:00u 1:00 S   Rule EU 1977 only - Sep lastSun 1:00u 0 -   Rule EU 1978 only - Oct 1 1:00u 0 -   Rule EU 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00u 0 -   Rule EU 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 1:00 S   Rule EU 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0 -   # The most recent directive covers the years starting in 2002. See:   # Directive 2000/84/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council   # of 19 January 2001 on summer-time arrangements. - # <http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32000L0084:EN:NOT> + # http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32000L0084:EN:NOT      # W-Eur differs from EU only in that W-Eur uses standard time.   Rule W-Eur 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule W-Eur 1977 only - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 -   Rule W-Eur 1978 only - Oct 1 1:00s 0 -   Rule W-Eur 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 -   Rule W-Eur 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule W-Eur 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00s 0 -      # Older C-Eur rules are for convenience in the tables.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:506:   #   # I found what is probably a typo of 2:00 which should perhaps be 2:00s   # in the C-Eur rule from tz database version 2008d (this part was   # corrected in version 2008d). The circumstantial evidence is simply the   # tz database itself, as seen below:   #   # Zone Europe/Paris 0:09:21 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01   # 0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00   #   # Zone Europe/Monaco 0:29:32 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 - # 0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00 + # 0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00   #   # Zone Europe/Belgrade 1:22:00 - LMT 1884   # 1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Sep 16 2:00s   #   # Rule France 1945 only - Sep 16 3:00 0 -   # Rule Belgium 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   # Rule Neth 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   #   # The rule line to be changed is:   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:550:      # E-Eur differs from EU only in that E-Eur switches at midnight local time.   Rule E-Eur 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule E-Eur 1977 only - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule E-Eur 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule E-Eur 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule E-Eur 1981 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   Rule E-Eur 1996 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Russia 1917 only - Jul 1 23:00 1:00 MST # Moscow Summer Time - Rule Russia 1917 only - Dec 28 0:00 0 MMT # Moscow Mean Time - Rule Russia 1918 only - May 31 22:00 2:00 MDST # Moscow Double Summer Time + Rule Russia 1917 only - Jul 1 23:00 1:00 MST # Moscow Summer Time + Rule Russia 1917 only - Dec 28 0:00 0 MMT # Moscow Mean Time + Rule Russia 1918 only - May 31 22:00 2:00 MDST # Moscow Double Summer Time   Rule Russia 1918 only - Sep 16 1:00 1:00 MST   Rule Russia 1919 only - May 31 23:00 2:00 MDST   Rule Russia 1919 only - Jul 1 2:00 1:00 MSD   Rule Russia 1919 only - Aug 16 0:00 0 MSK   Rule Russia 1921 only - Feb 14 23:00 1:00 MSD - Rule Russia 1921 only - Mar 20 23:00 2:00 MSM # Midsummer + Rule Russia 1921 only - Mar 20 23:00 2:00 MSM # Midsummer   Rule Russia 1921 only - Sep 1 0:00 1:00 MSD   Rule Russia 1921 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   # Act No.925 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1980-10-24):   Rule Russia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Russia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   # Act No.967 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1984-09-13), repeated in   # Act No.227 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1989-03-14):   Rule Russia 1984 1991 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -   Rule Russia 1985 1991 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:662:   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Tirane 1:19:20 - LMT 1914    1:00 - CET 1940 Jun 16    1:00 Albania CE%sT 1984 Jul    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Andorra   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Andorra 0:06:04 - LMT 1901    0:00 - WET 1946 Sep 30 -  1:00 - CET 1985 Mar 31 2:00 +  1:00 - CET 1985 Mar 31 2:00    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Austria      # Milne says Vienna time was 1:05:21.      # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): Shanks & Pottenger give 1918-06-16 and   # 1945-11-18, but the Austrian Federal Office of Metrology and   # Surveying (BEV) gives 1918-09-16 and for Vienna gives the "alleged"   # date of 1945-04-12 with no time. For the 1980-04-06 transition
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:688:   Rule Austria 1920 only - Sep 13 2:00s 0 -   Rule Austria 1946 only - Apr 14 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1946 1948 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Austria 1947 only - Apr 6 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1948 only - Apr 18 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1980 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1980 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Vienna 1:05:21 - LMT 1893 Apr    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1920 -  1:00 Austria CE%sT 1940 Apr 1 2:00s -  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00s -  1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Apr 12 2:00s +  1:00 Austria CE%sT 1940 Apr 1 2:00s +  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00s +  1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Apr 12 2:00s    1:00 - CET 1946    1:00 Austria CE%sT 1981    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Belarus   # From Yauhen Kharuzhy (2011-09-16):   # By latest Belarus government act Europe/Minsk timezone was changed to   # GMT+3 without DST (was GMT+2 with DST).   #   # Sources (Russian language):   # http://www.belta.by/ru/all_news/society/V-Belarusi-otmenjaetsja-perexod-na-sezonnoe-vremja_i_572952.html   # http://naviny.by/rubrics/society/2011/09/16/ic_articles_116_175144/   # http://news.tut.by/society/250578.html   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Minsk 1:50:16 - LMT 1880 -  1:50 - MMT 1924 May 2 # Minsk Mean Time +  1:50 - MMT 1924 May 2 # Minsk Mean Time    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21    3:00 - MSK 1941 Jun 28    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Jul 3    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990 -  3:00 - MSK 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s -  2:00 - EET 1992 Mar 29 0:00s -  2:00 1:00 EEST 1992 Sep 27 0:00s -  2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  3:00 - MSK 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s +  2:00 - EET 1992 Mar 29 0:00s +  2:00 1:00 EEST 1992 Sep 27 0:00s +  2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    3:00 - FET      # Belgium   #   # From Paul Eggert (1997-07-02):   # Entries from 1918 through 1991 are taken from:   # Annuaire de L'Observatoire Royal de Belgique,   # Avenue Circulaire, 3, B-1180 BRUXELLES, CLVIIe année, 1991   # (Imprimerie HAYEZ, s.p.r.l., Rue Fin, 4, 1080 BRUXELLES, MCMXC),   # pp 8-9.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:773:   Rule Belgium 1939 only - Apr 16 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1939 only - Nov 19 2:00s 0 -   Rule Belgium 1940 only - Feb 25 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1944 only - Sep 17 2:00s 0 -   Rule Belgium 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   Rule Belgium 1946 only - May 19 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1946 only - Oct 7 2:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Brussels 0:17:30 - LMT 1880 -  0:17:30 - BMT 1892 May 1 12:00 # Brussels MT +  0:17:30 - BMT 1892 May 1 12:00 # Brussels MT    0:00 - WET 1914 Nov 8    1:00 - CET 1916 May 1 0:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1918 Nov 11 11:00u    0:00 Belgium WE%sT 1940 May 20 2:00s    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Sep 3    1:00 Belgium CE%sT 1977    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Bosnia and Herzegovina   # See Europe/Belgrade.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:803:   Rule Bulg 1979 only - Mar 31 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Bulg 1979 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 -   Rule Bulg 1980 1982 - Apr Sat>=1 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Bulg 1980 only - Sep 29 1:00 0 -   Rule Bulg 1981 only - Sep 27 2:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Sofia 1:33:16 - LMT 1880    1:56:56 - IMT 1894 Nov 30 # Istanbul MT?    2:00 - EET 1942 Nov 2 3:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 -  1:00 - CET 1945 Apr 2 3:00 +  1:00 - CET 1945 Apr 2 3:00    2:00 - EET 1979 Mar 31 23:00    2:00 Bulg EE%sT 1982 Sep 26 2:00    2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1991    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1997    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Croatia   # See Europe/Belgrade.      # Cyprus
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:827:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Czech 1945 only - Apr 8 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Czech 1945 only - Nov 18 2:00s 0 -   Rule Czech 1946 only - May 6 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Czech 1946 1949 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Czech 1947 only - Apr 20 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Czech 1948 only - Apr 18 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Czech 1949 only - Apr 9 2:00s 1:00 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Prague 0:57:44 - LMT 1850 -  0:57:44 - PMT 1891 Oct # Prague Mean Time -  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Sep 17 2:00s +  0:57:44 - PMT 1891 Oct # Prague Mean Time +  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Sep 17 2:00s    1:00 Czech CE%sT 1979    1:00 EU CE%sT   # Use Europe/Prague also for Slovakia.      # Denmark, Faroe Islands, and Greenland      # From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2005-04-26):   # http://www.hum.aau.dk/~poe/tid/tine/DanskTid.htm says that the law   # [introducing standard time] was in effect from 1894-01-01....   # The page http://www.retsinfo.dk/_GETDOCI_/ACCN/A18930008330-REGL
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:884:   Rule Denmark 1946 only - May 1 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Denmark 1946 only - Sep 1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Denmark 1947 only - May 4 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Denmark 1947 only - Aug 10 2:00s 0 -   Rule Denmark 1948 only - May 9 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Denmark 1948 only - Aug 8 2:00s 0 -   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Copenhagen 0:50:20 - LMT 1890    0:50:20 - CMT 1894 Jan 1 # Copenhagen MT -  1:00 Denmark CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s -  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00 +  1:00 Denmark CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s +  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00    1:00 Denmark CE%sT 1980    1:00 EU CE%sT - Zone Atlantic/Faroe -0:27:04 - LMT 1908 Jan 11 # Tórshavn + Zone Atlantic/Faroe -0:27:04 - LMT 1908 Jan 11 # Tórshavn    0:00 - WET 1981    0:00 EU WE%sT   #   # From Paul Eggert (2004-10-31):   # During World War II, Germany maintained secret manned weather stations in   # East Greenland and Franz Josef Land, but we don't know their time zones.   # My source for this is Wilhelm Dege's book mentioned under Svalbard.   #   # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # Greenland joined the EU as part of Denmark, obtained home rule on 1979-05-01,
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:973:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Thule 1991 1992 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Thule 1991 1992 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Thule 1993 2006 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Thule 1993 2006 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Thule 2007 max - Mar Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Thule 2007 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 0 S   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Danmarkshavn -1:14:40 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 -  -3:00 - WGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00 +  -3:00 - WGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00    -3:00 EU WG%sT 1996    0:00 - GMT   Zone America/Scoresbysund -1:27:52 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Ittoqqortoormiit -  -2:00 - CGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00 +  -2:00 - CGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00    -2:00 C-Eur CG%sT 1981 Mar 29    -1:00 EU EG%sT   Zone America/Godthab -3:26:56 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Nuuk -  -3:00 - WGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00 +  -3:00 - WGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00    -3:00 EU WG%sT   Zone America/Thule -4:35:08 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Pituffik air base    -4:00 Thule A%sT      # Estonia   # From Peter Ilieve (1994-10-15):   # A relative in Tallinn confirms the accuracy of the data for 1989 onwards   # [through 1994] and gives the legal authority for it,   # a regulation of the Government of Estonia, No. 111 of 1989....   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1004:   # but a relative confirms that Estonia still switches at 02:00s, writing:]   # "I do not [know] exactly but there are some little different   # (confusing) rules for International Air and Railway Transport Schedules   # conversion in Sunday connected with end of summer time in Estonia....   # A discussion is running about the summer time efficiency and effect on   # human physiology. It seems that Estonia maybe will not change to   # summer time next spring."      # From Peter Ilieve (1998-11-04), heavily edited:   # The 1998-09-22 Estonian time law - # <http://trip.rk.ee/cgi-bin/thw?${BASE}=akt&${OOHTML}=rtd&TA=1998&TO=1&AN=1390> + # http://trip.rk.ee/cgi-bin/thw?${BASE}=akt&${OOHTML}=rtd&TA=1998&TO=1&AN=1390   # refers to the Eighth Directive and cites the association agreement between   # the EU and Estonia, ratified by the Estonian law (RT II 1995, 22-27, 120).   #   # I also asked [my relative] whether they use any standard abbreviation   # for their standard and summer times. He says no, they use "suveaeg"   # (summer time) and "talveaeg" (winter time).      # From The Baltic Times <http://www.baltictimes.com/> (1999-09-09)   # via Steffen Thorsen:   # This year will mark the last time Estonia shifts to summer time,
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1035:      # From Toomas Soome (2002-02-21):   # The Estonian government has changed once again timezone politics.   # Now we are using again EU rules.   #   # From Urmet Jänes (2002-03-28):   # The legislative reference is Government decree No. 84 on 2002-02-21.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Tallinn 1:39:00 - LMT 1880 -  1:39:00 - TMT 1918 Feb # Tallinn Mean Time +  1:39:00 - TMT 1918 Feb # Tallinn Mean Time    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1919 Jul    1:39:00 - TMT 1921 May    2:00 - EET 1940 Aug 6    3:00 - MSK 1941 Sep 15    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Sep 22 -  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar 26 2:00s -  2:00 1:00 EEST 1989 Sep 24 2:00s +  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar 26 2:00s +  2:00 1:00 EEST 1989 Sep 24 2:00s    2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1998 Sep 22    2:00 EU EE%sT 1999 Nov 1    2:00 - EET 2002 Feb 21    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Finland      # From Hannu Strang (1994-09-25 06:03:37 UTC):   # Well, here in Helsinki we're just changing from summer time to regular one,   # and it's supposed to change at 4am...
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1188:   # Shanks & Pottenger give Mar 28 2:00 and Sep 26 3:00;   # go with Excoffier's 28/3/76 0hUT and 25/9/76 23hUT.   Rule France 1976 only - Mar 28 1:00 1:00 S   Rule France 1976 only - Sep 26 1:00 0 -   # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time, and Whitman 0:09:05,   # but Howse quotes the actual French legislation as saying 0:09:21.   # Go with Howse. Howse writes that the time in France was officially based   # on PMT-0:09:21 until 1978-08-09, when the time base finally switched to UTC.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Paris 0:09:21 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01 -  0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Paris MT +  0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Paris MT   # Shanks & Pottenger give 1940 Jun 14 0:00; go with Excoffier and Le Corre.    0:00 France WE%sT 1940 Jun 14 23:00   # Le Corre says Paris stuck with occupied-France time after the liberation;   # go with Shanks & Pottenger.    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Aug 25    0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00    1:00 France CE%sT 1977    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Germany      # From Markus Kuhn (1998-09-29):   # The German time zone web site by the Physikalisch-Technische   # Bundesanstalt contains DST information back to 1916.   # [See tz-link.htm for the URL.]      # From Jörg Schilling (2002-10-23):   # In 1945, Berlin was switched to Moscow Summer time (GMT+4) by - # <http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/biografien/BersarinNikolai/> + # http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/biografien/BersarinNikolai/   # General [Nikolai] Bersarin.      # From Paul Eggert (2003-03-08):   # http://www.parlament-berlin.de/pds-fraktion.nsf/727459127c8b66ee8525662300459099/defc77cb784f180ac1256c2b0030274b/$FILE/bersarint.pdf   # says that Bersarin issued an order to use Moscow time on May 20.   # However, Moscow did not observe daylight saving in 1945, so   # this was equivalent to CEMT (GMT+3), not GMT+4.         # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1236:   Rule Germany 1947 only - Jun 29 3:00 1:00 S   Rule Germany 1948 only - Apr 18 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Germany 1949 only - Apr 10 2:00s 1:00 S      Rule SovietZone 1945 only - May 24 2:00 2:00 M # Midsummer   Rule SovietZone 1945 only - Sep 24 3:00 1:00 S   Rule SovietZone 1945 only - Nov 18 2:00s 0 -      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Berlin 0:53:28 - LMT 1893 Apr -  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 24 2:00 +  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 24 2:00    1:00 SovietZone CE%sT 1946    1:00 Germany CE%sT 1980    1:00 EU CE%sT      # From Tobias Conradi (2011-09-12):   # Büsingen <http://www.buesingen.de>, surrounded by the Swiss canton   # Schaffhausen, did not start observing DST in 1980 as the rest of DE   # (West Germany at that time) and DD (East Germany at that time) did.   # DD merged into DE, the area is currently covered by code DE in ISO 3166-1,   # which in turn is covered by the zone Europe/Berlin.   #   # Source for the time in Büsingen 1980:   # http://www.srf.ch/player/video?id=c012c029-03b7-4c2b-9164-aa5902cd58d3      # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-03): - # Busingen and Zurich have shared clocks since 1970. + # Büsingen and Zurich have shared clocks since 1970.      Link Europe/Zurich Europe/Busingen      # Georgia   # Please see the "asia" file for Asia/Tbilisi.   # Herodotus (Histories, IV.45) says Georgia north of the Phasis (now Rioni)   # is in Europe. Our reference location Tbilisi is in the Asian part.      # Gibraltar   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Europe/Gibraltar -0:21:24 - LMT 1880 Aug 2 0:00s -  0:00 GB-Eire %s 1957 Apr 14 2:00 + Zone Europe/Gibraltar -0:21:24 - LMT 1880 Aug 2 0:00s +  0:00 GB-Eire %s 1957 Apr 14 2:00    1:00 - CET 1982    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Greece   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   # Whitman gives 1932 Jul 5 - Nov 1; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule Greece 1932 only - Jul 7 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Greece 1932 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -   # Whitman gives 1941 Apr 25 - ?; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule Greece 1941 only - Apr 7 0:00 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1295:   Rule Greece 1976 only - Oct 10 2:00s 0 -   Rule Greece 1977 1978 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Greece 1977 only - Sep 26 2:00s 0 -   Rule Greece 1978 only - Sep 24 4:00 0 -   Rule Greece 1979 only - Apr 1 9:00 1:00 S   Rule Greece 1979 only - Sep 29 2:00 0 -   Rule Greece 1980 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Greece 1980 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Athens 1:34:52 - LMT 1895 Sep 14 -  1:34:52 - AMT 1916 Jul 28 0:01 # Athens MT +  1:34:52 - AMT 1916 Jul 28 0:01 # Athens MT    2:00 Greece EE%sT 1941 Apr 30    1:00 Greece CE%sT 1944 Apr 4    2:00 Greece EE%sT 1981    # Shanks & Pottenger say it switched to C-Eur in 1981;    # go with EU instead, since Greece joined it on Jan 1.    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Hungary   # From Paul Eggert (2014-07-15):   # Dates for 1916-1945 are taken from:
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1396:   Rule Iceland 1943 1948 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00s 0 -   # 1947-1967 - first Sunday in April until first Sunday in winter   Rule Iceland 1947 1967 - Apr Sun>=1 1:00s 1:00 S   # 1949 Oct transition delayed by 1 week   Rule Iceland 1949 only - Oct 30 1:00s 0 -   Rule Iceland 1950 1966 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00s 0 -   Rule Iceland 1967 only - Oct 29 1:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Atlantic/Reykjavik -1:27:24 - LMT 1837    -1:27:48 - RMT 1908 # Reykjavik Mean Time? -  -1:00 Iceland IS%sT 1968 Apr 7 1:00s +  -1:00 Iceland IS%sT 1968 Apr 7 1:00s    0:00 - GMT      # Italy   #   # From Paul Eggert (2001-03-06):   # Sicily and Sardinia each had their own time zones from 1866 to 1893,   # called Palermo Time (+00:53:28) and Cagliari Time (+00:36:32).   # During World War II, German-controlled Italy used German time.   # But these events all occurred before the 1970 cutoff,   # so record only the time in Rome.   #   # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # For Italian DST we have three sources: Shanks & Pottenger, Whitman, and   # F. Pollastri   # Day-light Saving Time in Italy (2006-02-03) - # <http://toi.iriti.cnr.it/uk/ienitlt.html> + # http://toi.iriti.cnr.it/uk/ienitlt.html   # ('FP' below), taken from an Italian National Electrotechnical Institute   # publication. When the three sources disagree, guess who's right, as follows:   #   # year FP Shanks&P. (S) Whitman (W) Go with:   # 1916 06-03 06-03 24:00 06-03 00:00 FP & W   # 09-30 09-30 24:00 09-30 01:00 FP; guess 24:00s   # 1917 04-01 03-31 24:00 03-31 00:00 FP & S   # 09-30 09-29 24:00 09-30 01:00 FP & W   # 1918 03-09 03-09 24:00 03-09 00:00 FP & S   # 10-06 10-05 24:00 10-06 01:00 FP & W
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1472:   Rule Italy 1973 1974 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule Italy 1974 only - May 26 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Italy 1975 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Italy 1975 1977 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -   Rule Italy 1976 only - May 30 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Italy 1977 1979 - May Sun>=22 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Italy 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -   Rule Italy 1979 only - Sep 30 0:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Rome 0:49:56 - LMT 1866 Sep 22 -  0:49:56 - RMT 1893 Nov 1 0:00s # Rome Mean -  1:00 Italy CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s +  0:49:56 - RMT 1893 Nov 1 0:00s # Rome Mean +  1:00 Italy CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Jul    1:00 Italy CE%sT 1980    1:00 EU CE%sT      Link Europe/Rome Europe/Vatican   Link Europe/Rome Europe/San_Marino      # Latvia      # From Liene Kanepe (1998-09-17):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1525:   # 1997-01-21 on transition to Summer time ... established the same order of   # daylight savings time settings as in the States of the European Union.      # From Andrei Ivanov (2000-03-06):   # This year Latvia will not switch to Daylight Savings Time (as specified in   # The Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Rep. of Latvia of   # 29-Feb-2000 (#79) <http://www.lv-laiks.lv/wwwraksti/2000/071072/vd4.htm>,   # in Latvian for subscribers only).      # From RFE/RL Newsline - # <http://www.rferl.org/newsline/2001/01/3-CEE/cee-030101.html> + # http://www.rferl.org/newsline/2001/01/3-CEE/cee-030101.html   # (2001-01-03), noted after a heads-up by Rives McDow:   # The Latvian government on 2 January decided that the country will   # institute daylight-saving time this spring, LETA reported.   # Last February the three Baltic states decided not to turn back their   # clocks one hour in the spring.... - # Minister of Economy Aigars Kalvitis noted that Latvia had too few + # Minister of Economy Aigars Kalvītis noted that Latvia had too few   # daylight hours and thus decided to comply with a draft European   # Commission directive that provides for instituting daylight-saving   # time in EU countries between 2002 and 2006. The Latvian government   # urged Lithuania and Estonia to adopt a similar time policy, but it   # appears that they will not do so....      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Latvia 1989 1996 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Latvia 1989 1996 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -    - # Milne says Riga time was 1:36:28 (Polytechnique House time). + # Milne 1899 says Riga was 1:36:28 (Polytechnique House time). + # Byalokoz 1919 says Latvia was 1:36:34. + # Go with Byalokoz.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Europe/Riga 1:36:28 - LMT 1880 -  1:36:28 - RMT 1918 Apr 15 2:00 #Riga Mean Time -  1:36:28 1:00 LST 1918 Sep 16 3:00 #Latvian Summer -  1:36:28 - RMT 1919 Apr 1 2:00 -  1:36:28 1:00 LST 1919 May 22 3:00 -  1:36:28 - RMT 1926 May 11 + Zone Europe/Riga 1:36:34 - LMT 1880 +  1:36:34 - RMT 1918 Apr 15 2:00 # Riga MT +  1:36:34 1:00 LST 1918 Sep 16 3:00 # Latvian ST +  1:36:34 - RMT 1919 Apr 1 2:00 +  1:36:34 1:00 LST 1919 May 22 3:00 +  1:36:34 - RMT 1926 May 11    2:00 - EET 1940 Aug 5    3:00 - MSK 1941 Jul    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Oct 13 -  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar lastSun 2:00s -  2:00 1:00 EEST 1989 Sep lastSun 2:00s +  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar lastSun 2:00s +  2:00 1:00 EEST 1989 Sep lastSun 2:00s    2:00 Latvia EE%sT 1997 Jan 21    2:00 EU EE%sT 2000 Feb 29    2:00 - EET 2001 Jan 2    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Liechtenstein      # From Paul Eggert (2013-09-09):   # Shanks & Pottenger say Vaduz is like Zurich.   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1613:   # As a candidate for membership of the European Union, Lithuania will   # observe Summer Time in 2003, changing its clocks at the times laid   # down in EU Directive 2000/84 of 19.I.01 (i.e. at the same times as its   # neighbour Latvia). The text of the Lithuanian government Order of   # 7.XI.02 to this effect can be found at   # http://www.lrvk.lt/nut/11/n1749.htm         # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Vilnius 1:41:16 - LMT 1880 -  1:24:00 - WMT 1917 # Warsaw Mean Time +  1:24:00 - WMT 1917 # Warsaw Mean Time    1:35:36 - KMT 1919 Oct 10 # Kaunas Mean Time    1:00 - CET 1920 Jul 12    2:00 - EET 1920 Oct 9    1:00 - CET 1940 Aug 3    3:00 - MSK 1941 Jun 24    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Aug -  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s +  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s    2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1998 -  2:00 - EET 1998 Mar 29 1:00u -  1:00 EU CE%sT 1999 Oct 31 1:00u +  2:00 - EET 1998 Mar 29 1:00u +  1:00 EU CE%sT 1999 Oct 31 1:00u    2:00 - EET 2003 Jan 1    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Luxembourg   # Whitman disagrees with most of these dates in minor ways;   # go with Shanks & Pottenger.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Lux 1916 only - May 14 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Lux 1916 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 -   Rule Lux 1917 only - Apr 28 23:00 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1658:   Rule Lux 1924 only - Mar 29 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Lux 1924 1928 - Oct Sun>=2 1:00 0 -   Rule Lux 1925 only - Apr 5 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Lux 1926 only - Apr 17 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Lux 1927 only - Apr 9 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Lux 1928 only - Apr 14 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Lux 1929 only - Apr 20 23:00 1:00 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Luxembourg 0:24:36 - LMT 1904 Jun    1:00 Lux CE%sT 1918 Nov 25 -  0:00 Lux WE%sT 1929 Oct 6 2:00s -  0:00 Belgium WE%sT 1940 May 14 3:00 -  1:00 C-Eur WE%sT 1944 Sep 18 3:00 +  0:00 Lux WE%sT 1929 Oct 6 2:00s +  0:00 Belgium WE%sT 1940 May 14 3:00 +  1:00 C-Eur WE%sT 1944 Sep 18 3:00    1:00 Belgium CE%sT 1977    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Macedonia   # See Europe/Belgrade.      # Malta   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Malta 1973 only - Mar 31 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Malta 1973 only - Sep 29 0:00s 0 -   Rule Malta 1974 only - Apr 21 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Malta 1974 only - Sep 16 0:00s 0 -   Rule Malta 1975 1979 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Malta 1975 1980 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 0 -   Rule Malta 1980 only - Mar 31 2:00 1:00 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Europe/Malta 0:58:04 - LMT 1893 Nov 2 0:00s # Valletta -  1:00 Italy CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s -  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00s + Zone Europe/Malta 0:58:04 - LMT 1893 Nov 2 0:00s # Valletta +  1:00 Italy CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s +  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00s    1:00 Italy CE%sT 1973 Mar 31    1:00 Malta CE%sT 1981    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Moldova      # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # A previous version of this database followed Shanks & Pottenger, who write   # that Tiraspol switched to Moscow time on 1992-01-19 at 02:00.   # However, this is most likely an error, as Moldova declared independence
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1745:    2:00 Russia EE%sT 1992    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1997   # See Romania commentary for the guessed 1997 transition to EU rules.    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Monaco   # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's   # more precise 0:09:21.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Monaco 0:29:32 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 -  0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time -  0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00 +  0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time +  0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00    1:00 France CE%sT 1977    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Montenegro   # See Europe/Belgrade.      # Netherlands      # Howse writes that the Netherlands' railways used GMT between 1892 and 1940,   # but for other purposes the Netherlands used Amsterdam mean time.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1790:   # observe Amsterdam mean time. As the time signals from the observatory of   # Leiden were also distributed by the telegraph system, I assume that most   # places linked up with the telegraph (and railway) system automatically   # adopted Amsterdam mean time.   #   # Although the early Dutch railway companies initially observed a variety   # of times, most of them had adopted Amsterdam mean time by 1858 but it   # was not until 1866 when they were all required by law to observe   # Amsterdam mean time.    - # The data before 1945 are taken from - # <http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/wettijd/wettijd.htm>. + # The data entries before 1945 are taken from + # http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/wettijd/wettijd.htm      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Neth 1916 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 NST # Netherlands Summer Time   Rule Neth 1916 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 AMT # Amsterdam Mean Time   Rule Neth 1917 only - Apr 16 2:00s 1:00 NST   Rule Neth 1917 only - Sep 17 2:00s 0 AMT   Rule Neth 1918 1921 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00s 1:00 NST   Rule Neth 1918 1921 - Sep lastMon 2:00s 0 AMT   Rule Neth 1922 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 NST   Rule Neth 1922 1936 - Oct Sun>=2 2:00s 0 AMT
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1822:   Rule Neth 1937 1939 - Oct Sun>=2 2:00s 0 -   Rule Neth 1938 1939 - May 15 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Neth 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Neth 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   #   # Amsterdam Mean Time was +00:19:32.13 exactly, but the .13 is omitted   # below because the current format requires GMTOFF to be an integer.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Amsterdam 0:19:32 - LMT 1835    0:19:32 Neth %s 1937 Jul 1 -  0:20 Neth NE%sT 1940 May 16 0:00 # Dutch Time -  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00 +  0:20 Neth NE%sT 1940 May 16 0:00 # Dutch Time +  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00    1:00 Neth CE%sT 1977    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Norway   # http://met.no/met/met_lex/q_u/sommertid.html (2004-01) agrees with Shanks &   # Pottenger.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Norway 1916 only - May 22 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Norway 1916 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 -   Rule Norway 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00s 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1886:   # radiolocating station on the island, called "Atlantic City". Possibly   # the UT offset changed during the war, but I think it unlikely that   # Jan Mayen used German daylight-saving rules.   #   # Svalbard is more complicated, as it was raided in August 1941 by an   # Allied party that evacuated the civilian population to England (says   # <http://www.bartleby.com/65/sv/Svalbard.html>). The Svalbard FAQ   # <http://www.svalbard.com/SvalbardFAQ.html> says that the Germans were   # expelled on 1942-05-14. However, small parties of Germans did return,   # and according to Wilhelm Dege's book "War North of 80" (1954) - # <http://www.ucalgary.ca/UofC/departments/UP/1-55238/1-55238-110-2.html> + # http://www.ucalgary.ca/UofC/departments/UP/1-55238/1-55238-110-2.html   # the German armed forces at the Svalbard weather station code-named   # Haudegen did not surrender to the Allies until September 1945.   #   # All these events predate our cutoff date of 1970, so use Europe/Oslo   # for these regions.   Link Europe/Oslo Arctic/Longyearbyen      # Poland      # The 1919 dates and times can be found in Tygodnik Urzędowy nr 1 (1919-03-20),
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1910:   Rule Poland 1918 1919 - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   Rule Poland 1919 only - Apr 15 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1944 only - Apr 3 2:00s 1:00 S   # Whitman gives 1944 Nov 30; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule Poland 1944 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -   # For 1944-1948 Whitman gives the previous day; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule Poland 1945 only - Apr 29 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1945 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 -   # For 1946 on the source is Kazimierz Borkowski,   # Toruń Center for Astronomy, Dept. of Radio Astronomy, Nicolaus Copernicus U., - # <http://www.astro.uni.torun.pl/~kb/Artykuly/U-PA/Czas2.htm#tth_tAb1> + # http://www.astro.uni.torun.pl/~kb/Artykuly/U-PA/Czas2.htm#tth_tAb1   # Thanks to Przemysław Augustyniak (2005-05-28) for this reference.   # He also gives these further references:   # Mon Pol nr 13, poz 162 (1995) <http://www.abc.com.pl/serwis/mp/1995/0162.htm>   # Druk nr 2180 (2003) <http://www.senat.gov.pl/k5/dok/sejm/053/2180.pdf>   Rule Poland 1946 only - Apr 14 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1946 only - Oct 7 2:00s 0 -   Rule Poland 1947 only - May 4 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1947 1949 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Poland 1948 only - Apr 18 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1949 only - Apr 10 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1957 only - Jun 2 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1957 1958 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 -   Rule Poland 1958 only - Mar 30 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1959 only - May 31 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1959 1961 - Oct Sun>=1 1:00s 0 -   Rule Poland 1960 only - Apr 3 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1961 1964 - May lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1962 1964 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Warsaw 1:24:00 - LMT 1880 -  1:24:00 - WMT 1915 Aug 5 # Warsaw Mean Time -  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1918 Sep 16 3:00 +  1:24:00 - WMT 1915 Aug 5 # Warsaw Mean Time +  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1918 Sep 16 3:00    2:00 Poland EE%sT 1922 Jun -  1:00 Poland CE%sT 1940 Jun 23 2:00 +  1:00 Poland CE%sT 1940 Jun 23 2:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Oct    1:00 Poland CE%sT 1977    1:00 W-Eur CE%sT 1988    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Portugal   # -  + # From Paul Eggert (2014-08-11), after a heads-up from Stephen Colebourne: + # According to a Portuguese decree (1911-05-26) + # http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf + # Lisbon was at -0:36:44.68, but switched to GMT on 1912-01-01 at 00:00. + # Round the old offset to -0:36:45. This agrees with Willett but disagrees + # with Shanks, who says the transition occurred on 1911-05-24 at 00:00 for + # Europe/Lisbon, Atlantic/Azores, and Atlantic/Madeira. + #   # From Rui Pedro Salgueiro (1992-11-12):   # Portugal has recently (September, 27) changed timezone   # (from WET to MET or CET) to harmonize with EEC.   #   # Martin Bruckmann (1996-02-29) reports via Peter Ilieve   # that Portugal is reverting to 0:00 by not moving its clocks this spring.   # The new Prime Minister was fed up with getting up in the dark in the winter.   #   # From Paul Eggert (1996-11-12):   # IATA SSIM (1991-09) reports several 1991-09 and 1992-09 transitions
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2021:   Rule Port 1951 1965 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Port 1951 1965 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Port 1977 only - Mar 27 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Port 1977 only - Sep 25 0:00s 0 -   Rule Port 1978 1979 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Port 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -   Rule Port 1979 1982 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 -   Rule Port 1980 only - Mar lastSun 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Port 1981 1982 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Port 1983 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S + #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - # Shanks & Pottenger say the transition from LMT to WET occurred 1911-05-24; - # Willett says 1912-01-01. Go with Willett. - Zone Europe/Lisbon -0:36:32 - LMT 1884 -  -0:36:32 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 # Lisbon Mean Time -  0:00 Port WE%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 -  1:00 - CET 1976 Sep 26 1:00 -  0:00 Port WE%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s -  0:00 W-Eur WE%sT 1992 Sep 27 1:00s -  1:00 EU CE%sT 1996 Mar 31 1:00u + Zone Europe/Lisbon -0:36:45 - LMT 1884 +  -0:36:45 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 # Lisbon Mean Time +  0:00 Port WE%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 +  1:00 - CET 1976 Sep 26 1:00 +  0:00 Port WE%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s +  0:00 W-Eur WE%sT 1992 Sep 27 1:00s +  1:00 EU CE%sT 1996 Mar 31 1:00u    0:00 EU WE%sT - Zone Atlantic/Azores -1:42:40 - LMT 1884 # Ponta Delgada -  -1:54:32 - HMT 1911 May 24 # Horta Mean Time -  -2:00 Port AZO%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 # Azores Time -  -1:00 Port AZO%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s -  -1:00 W-Eur AZO%sT 1992 Sep 27 1:00s -  0:00 EU WE%sT 1993 Mar 28 1:00u + Zone Atlantic/Azores -1:42:40 - LMT 1884 # Ponta Delgada +  -1:54:32 - HMT 1912 Jan 1 # Horta Mean Time +  -2:00 Port AZO%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 # Azores Time +  -1:00 Port AZO%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s +  -1:00 W-Eur AZO%sT 1992 Sep 27 1:00s +  0:00 EU WE%sT 1993 Mar 28 1:00u    -1:00 EU AZO%sT - Zone Atlantic/Madeira -1:07:36 - LMT 1884 # Funchal -  -1:07:36 - FMT 1911 May 24 # Funchal Mean Time -  -1:00 Port MAD%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 # Madeira Time -  0:00 Port WE%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s + Zone Atlantic/Madeira -1:07:36 - LMT 1884 # Funchal +  -1:07:36 - FMT 1912 Jan 1 # Funchal Mean Time +  -1:00 Port MAD%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 # Madeira Time +  0:00 Port WE%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s    0:00 EU WE%sT      # Romania   #   # From Paul Eggert (1999-10-07):   # Nine O'clock <http://www.nineoclock.ro/POL/1778pol.html>   # (1998-10-23) reports that the switch occurred at   # 04:00 local time in fall 1998. For lack of better info,   # assume that Romania and Moldova switched to EU rules in 1997,   # the same year as Bulgaria.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2066:   Rule Romania 1932 1939 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00s 0 -   Rule Romania 1933 1939 - Apr Sun>=2 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Romania 1979 only - May 27 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Romania 1979 only - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule Romania 1980 only - Apr 5 23:00 1:00 S   Rule Romania 1980 only - Sep lastSun 1:00 0 -   Rule Romania 1991 1993 - Mar lastSun 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Romania 1991 1993 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct -  1:44:24 - BMT 1931 Jul 24 # Bucharest MT -  2:00 Romania EE%sT 1981 Mar 29 2:00s +  1:44:24 - BMT 1931 Jul 24 # Bucharest MT +  2:00 Romania EE%sT 1981 Mar 29 2:00s    2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1991    2:00 Romania EE%sT 1994    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1997    2:00 EU EE%sT         # Russia      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-09-15):   # Based on last Russian Government Decree # 725 on August 31, 2011
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2203:   # http://en.wikipedia.org/w/?title=Federal_subjects_of_Russia&oldid=611810498   # and are used for convenience only; no guarantees are made regarding their   # future stability. ISO 3166-2:RU codes are also listed for first-level   # divisions where available.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Europe/Kaliningrad covers... - # 39 RU-KGD Kaliningrad Oblast + # 39 RU-KGD Kaliningrad Oblast      Zone Europe/Kaliningrad 1:22:00 - LMT 1893 Apr    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945    2:00 Poland CE%sT 1946 -  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  3:00 - FET 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  3:00 - FET 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    2:00 - EET         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):   # Europe/Moscow covers... - # 01 RU-AD Adygea, Republic of - # 05 RU-DA Dagestan, Republic of - # 06 RU-IN Ingushetia, Republic of - # 07 RU-KB Kabardino-Balkar Republic - # 08 RU-KL Kalmykia, Republic of - # 09 RU-KC Karachay-Cherkess Republic - # 10 RU-KR Karelia, Republic of - # 11 RU-KO Komi Republic - # 12 RU-ME Mari El Republic - # 13 RU-MO Mordovia, Republic of - # 15 RU-SE North Ossetia-Alania, Republic of - # 16 RU-TA Tatarstan, Republic of - # 20 RU-CE Chechen Republic - # 21 RU-CU Chuvash Republic - # 23 RU-KDA Krasnodar Krai - # 26 RU-STA Stavropol Krai - # 29 RU-ARK Arkhangelsk Oblast - # 31 RU-BEL Belgorod Oblast - # 32 RU-BRY Bryansk Oblast - # 33 RU-VLA Vladimir Oblast - # 35 RU-VLG Vologda Oblast - # 36 RU-VOR Voronezh Oblast - # 37 RU-IVA Ivanovo Oblast - # 40 RU-KLU Kaluga Oblast - # 44 RU-KOS Kostroma Oblast - # 46 RU-KRS Kursk Oblast - # 47 RU-LEN Leningrad Oblast - # 48 RU-LIP Lipetsk Oblast - # 50 RU-MOS Moscow Oblast - # 51 RU-MUR Murmansk Oblast - # 52 RU-NIZ Nizhny Novgorod Oblast - # 53 RU-NGR Novgorod Oblast - # 57 RU-ORL Oryol Oblast - # 58 RU-PNZ Penza Oblast - # 60 RU-PSK Pskov Oblast - # 61 RU-ROS Rostov Oblast - # 62 RU-RYA Ryazan Oblast - # 67 RU-SMO Smolensk Oblast - # 68 RU-TAM Tambov Oblast - # 69 RU-TVE Tver Oblast - # 71 RU-TUL Tula Oblast - # 73 RU-ULY Ulyanovsk Oblast - # 76 RU-YAR Yaroslavl Oblast - # 77 RU-MOW Moscow - # 78 RU-SPE Saint Petersburg - # 83 RU-NEN Nenets Autonomous Okrug + # 01 RU-AD Adygea, Republic of + # 05 RU-DA Dagestan, Republic of + # 06 RU-IN Ingushetia, Republic of + # 07 RU-KB Kabardino-Balkar Republic + # 08 RU-KL Kalmykia, Republic of + # 09 RU-KC Karachay-Cherkess Republic + # 10 RU-KR Karelia, Republic of + # 11 RU-KO Komi Republic + # 12 RU-ME Mari El Republic + # 13 RU-MO Mordovia, Republic of + # 15 RU-SE North Ossetia-Alania, Republic of + # 16 RU-TA Tatarstan, Republic of + # 20 RU-CE Chechen Republic + # 21 RU-CU Chuvash Republic + # 23 RU-KDA Krasnodar Krai + # 26 RU-STA Stavropol Krai + # 29 RU-ARK Arkhangelsk Oblast + # 31 RU-BEL Belgorod Oblast + # 32 RU-BRY Bryansk Oblast + # 33 RU-VLA Vladimir Oblast + # 35 RU-VLG Vologda Oblast + # 36 RU-VOR Voronezh Oblast + # 37 RU-IVA Ivanovo Oblast + # 40 RU-KLU Kaluga Oblast + # 44 RU-KOS Kostroma Oblast + # 46 RU-KRS Kursk Oblast + # 47 RU-LEN Leningrad Oblast + # 48 RU-LIP Lipetsk Oblast + # 50 RU-MOS Moscow Oblast + # 51 RU-MUR Murmansk Oblast + # 52 RU-NIZ Nizhny Novgorod Oblast + # 53 RU-NGR Novgorod Oblast + # 57 RU-ORL Oryol Oblast + # 58 RU-PNZ Penza Oblast + # 60 RU-PSK Pskov Oblast + # 61 RU-ROS Rostov Oblast + # 62 RU-RYA Ryazan Oblast + # 67 RU-SMO Smolensk Oblast + # 68 RU-TAM Tambov Oblast + # 69 RU-TVE Tver Oblast + # 71 RU-TUL Tula Oblast + # 73 RU-ULY Ulyanovsk Oblast + # 76 RU-YAR Yaroslavl Oblast + # 77 RU-MOW Moscow + # 78 RU-SPE Saint Petersburg + # 83 RU-NEN Nenets Autonomous Okrug      # From Vladimir Karpinsky (2014-07-08):   # LMT in Moscow (before Jul 3, 1916) is 2:30:17, that was defined by Moscow   # Observatory (coordinates: 55 deg. 45'29.70", 37 deg. 34'05.30")....   # LMT in Moscow since Jul 3, 1916 is 2:31:01 as a result of new standard. - # (The info is from the book by Byalokoz E.L. New Counting of Time in Russia - # since July 1, 1919, p. 18.) The time in St. Petersburg as capital of Russia - # was defined by Pulkov observatory, near St. Petersburg. In 1916 LMT Moscow + # (The info is from the book by Byalokoz ... p. 18.) + # The time in St. Petersburg as capital of Russia was defined by + # Pulkov observatory, near St. Petersburg. In 1916 LMT Moscow   # was synchronized with LMT St. Petersburg (+30 minutes), (Pulkov observatory   # coordinates: 59 deg. 46'18.70", 30 deg. 19'40.70") so 30 deg. 19'40.70" >   # 2h01m18.7s = 2:01:19. LMT Moscow = LMT St.Petersburg + 30m 2:01:19 + 0:30 =   # 2:31:19 ...   #   # From Paul Eggert (2014-07-08):   # Milne does not list Moscow, but suggests that its time might be listed in   # Résumés mensuels et annuels des observations météorologiques (1895).   # Presumably this is OCLC 85825704, a journal published with parallel text in   # Russian and French. This source has not been located; go with Karpinsky.      Zone Europe/Moscow 2:30:17 - LMT 1880    2:30:17 - MMT 1916 Jul 3 # Moscow Mean Time -  2:31:19 Russia %s 1919 Jul 1 2:00 +  2:31:19 Russia %s 1919 Jul 1 2:00    3:00 Russia %s 1921 Oct    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1922 Oct    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21 -  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  2:00 Russia EE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  2:00 Russia EE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    3:00 - MSK         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Europe/Simferopol covers...   # ** **** Crimea, Republic of   # ** **** Sevastopol      Zone Europe/Simferopol 2:16:24 - LMT 1880    2:16 - SMT 1924 May 2 # Simferopol Mean T    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21    3:00 - MSK 1941 Nov    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Apr 13    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990 -  3:00 - MSK 1990 Jul 1 2:00 +  3:00 - MSK 1990 Jul 1 2:00    2:00 - EET 1992   # Central Crimea used Moscow time 1994/1997.   #   # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # The _Economist_ (1994-05-28, p 45) reports that central Crimea switched   # from Kiev to Moscow time sometime after the January 1994 elections.   # Shanks (1999) says "date of change uncertain", but implies that it happened   # sometime between the 1994 DST switches. Shanks & Pottenger simply say   # 1994-09-25 03:00, but that can't be right. For now, guess it   # changed in May.    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1994 May   # From IATA SSIM (1994/1997), which also says that Kerch is still like Kiev. -  3:00 E-Eur MSK/MSD 1996 Mar 31 3:00s -  3:00 1:00 MSD 1996 Oct 27 3:00s +  3:00 E-Eur MSK/MSD 1996 Mar 31 3:00s +  3:00 1:00 MSD 1996 Oct 27 3:00s   # IATA SSIM (1997-09) says Crimea switched to EET/EEST.   # Assume it happened in March by not changing the clocks.    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1997 -  3:00 - MSK 1997 Mar lastSun 1:00u +  3:00 - MSK 1997 Mar lastSun 1:00u   # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2014-03-17):   # time change at 2:00 (2am) on March 30, 2014   # http://vz.ru/news/2014/3/17/677464.html   # From Paul Eggert (2014-03-30):   # Simferopol and Sevastopol reportedly changed their central town clocks   # late the previous day, but this appears to have been ceremonial   # and the discrepancies are small enough to not worry about. -  2:00 EU EE%sT 2014 Mar 30 2:00 -  4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  2:00 EU EE%sT 2014 Mar 30 2:00 +  4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    3:00 - MSK         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Europe/Volgograd covers... - # 30 RU-AST Astrakhan Oblast - # 34 RU-VGG Volgograd Oblast - # 43 RU-KIR Kirov Oblast - # 64 RU-SAR Saratov Oblast + # 30 RU-AST Astrakhan Oblast + # 34 RU-VGG Volgograd Oblast + # 43 RU-KIR Kirov Oblast + # 64 RU-SAR Saratov Oblast      # From Paul Eggert (2006-05-09):   # Shanks & Pottenger say Kirov is still at +0400 but Wikipedia says +0300.   # Perhaps it switched after the others? But we have no data.      Zone Europe/Volgograd 2:57:40 - LMT 1920 Jan 3    3:00 - TSAT 1925 Apr 6 # Tsaritsyn Time    3:00 - STAT 1930 Jun 21 # Stalingrad Time    4:00 - STAT 1961 Nov 11 -  4:00 Russia VOL%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00s # Volgograd T -  3:00 Russia VOL%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  4:00 - VOLT 1992 Mar 29 2:00s -  3:00 Russia MSK 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  4:00 Russia VOL%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00s # Volgograd T +  3:00 Russia VOL%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  4:00 - VOLT 1992 Mar 29 2:00s +  3:00 Russia MSK 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    3:00 - MSK         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):   # Europe/Samara covers... - # 18 RU-UD Udmurt Republic - # 63 RU-SAM Samara Oblast + # 18 RU-UD Udmurt Republic + # 63 RU-SAM Samara Oblast    - Zone Europe/Samara 3:20:36 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 2:00 + # Byalokoz 1919 says Samara was 3:20:20. +  + Zone Europe/Samara 3:20:20 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 2:00    3:00 - SAMT 1930 Jun 21    4:00 - SAMT 1935 Jan 27 -  4:00 Russia KUY%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00s # Kuybyshev -  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  2:00 Russia EE%sT 1991 Sep 29 2:00s -  3:00 - KUYT 1991 Oct 20 3:00 -  4:00 Russia SAM%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s # Samara Time -  3:00 Russia SAM%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  4:00 Russia KUY%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00s # Kuybyshev +  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  2:00 Russia EE%sT 1991 Sep 29 2:00s +  3:00 - KUYT 1991 Oct 20 3:00 +  4:00 Russia SAM%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s # Samara Time +  3:00 Russia SAM%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    4:00 - SAMT         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):   # Asia/Yekaterinburg covers... - # 02 RU-BA Bashkortostan, Republic of - # 90 RU-PER Perm Krai - # 45 RU-KGN Kurgan Oblast - # 56 RU-ORE Orenburg Oblast - # 66 RU-SVE Sverdlovsk Oblast - # 72 RU-TYU Tyumen Oblast - # 74 RU-CHE Chelyabinsk Oblast - # 86 RU-KHM Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug - Yugra - # 89 RU-YAN Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug + # 02 RU-BA Bashkortostan, Republic of + # 90 RU-PER Perm Krai + # 45 RU-KGN Kurgan Oblast + # 56 RU-ORE Orenburg Oblast + # 66 RU-SVE Sverdlovsk Oblast + # 72 RU-TYU Tyumen Oblast + # 74 RU-CHE Chelyabinsk Oblast + # 86 RU-KHM Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug - Yugra + # 89 RU-YAN Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug   #   # Note: Effective 2005-12-01, (59) Perm Oblast and (81) Komi-Permyak   # Autonomous Okrug merged to form (90, RU-PER) Perm Krai.    - # Milne says Yekaterinburg time was 4:02:32.9; round to nearest. + # Milne says Yekaterinburg was 4:02:32.9; round to nearest. + # Byalokoz 1919 says its provincial time was based on Perm, at 3:45:05. + # Assume it switched on 1916-07-03, the time of the new standard. + # The 1919 and 1930 transitions are from Shanks.    - Zone Asia/Yekaterinburg 4:02:33 - LMT 1919 Jul 15 4:00 + Zone Asia/Yekaterinburg 4:02:33 - LMT 1916 Jul 3 +  3:45:05 - PMT 1919 Jul 15 4:00    4:00 - SVET 1930 Jun 21 # Sverdlovsk Time -  5:00 Russia SVE%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  4:00 Russia SVE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  5:00 Russia YEK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  6:00 - YEKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  5:00 Russia SVE%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  4:00 Russia SVE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  5:00 Russia YEK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  6:00 - YEKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    5:00 - YEKT         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):   # Asia/Omsk covers... - # 04 RU-AL Altai Republic - # 22 RU-ALT Altai Krai - # 55 RU-OMS Omsk Oblast + # 04 RU-AL Altai Republic + # 22 RU-ALT Altai Krai + # 55 RU-OMS Omsk Oblast    - Zone Asia/Omsk 4:53:36 - LMT 1919 Nov 14 + # Byalokoz 1919 says Omsk was 4:53:30. +  + Zone Asia/Omsk 4:53:30 - LMT 1919 Nov 14    5:00 - OMST 1930 Jun 21 # Omsk Time -  6:00 Russia OMS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  5:00 Russia OMS%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  6:00 Russia OMS%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  7:00 - OMST 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  6:00 Russia OMS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  5:00 Russia OMS%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  6:00 Russia OMS%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  7:00 - OMST 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    6:00 - OMST         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Asia/Novosibirsk covers... - # 54 RU-NVS Novosibirsk Oblast - # 70 RU-TOM Tomsk Oblast + # 54 RU-NVS Novosibirsk Oblast + # 70 RU-TOM Tomsk Oblast      # From Paul Eggert (2006-08-19): I'm guessing about Tomsk here; it's   # not clear when it switched from +7 to +6.    - Zone Asia/Novosibirsk 5:31:40 - LMT 1919 Dec 14 6:00 + Zone Asia/Novosibirsk 5:31:40 - LMT 1919 Dec 14 6:00    6:00 - NOVT 1930 Jun 21 # Novosibirsk Time -  7:00 Russia NOV%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  6:00 Russia NOV%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  7:00 Russia NOV%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  6:00 Russia NOV%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    7:00 Russia NOV%sT 1993 May 23 # say Shanks & P. -  6:00 Russia NOV%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  7:00 - NOVT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  6:00 Russia NOV%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  7:00 - NOVT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    6:00 - NOVT         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Asia/Novokuznetsk covers... - # 42 RU-KEM Kemerovo Oblast + # 42 RU-KEM Kemerovo Oblast      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-10-13):   # Kemerovo oblast' (Kemerovo region) in Russia will change current time zone on   # March 28, 2010:   # from current Russia Zone 6 - Krasnoyarsk Time Zone (KRA) UTC +0700   # to Russia Zone 5 - Novosibirsk Time Zone (NOV) UTC +0600   #   # This is according to Government of Russia decree # 740, on September   # 14, 2009 "Application in the territory of the Kemerovo region the Fifth   # time zone." ("Russia Zone 5" or old "USSR Zone 5" is GMT +0600)
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2467:   #   # As a result, Kemerovo oblast' will be in the same time zone as   # Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Barnaul and Altai Republic.      # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-02), per Alexander Krivenyshev (2014-07-02):   # The Kemerovo region will remain at UTC+7 through the 2014-10-26 change, thus   # realigning itself with KRAT.      Zone Asia/Novokuznetsk 5:48:48 - NMT 1920 Jan 6    6:00 - KRAT 1930 Jun 21 # Krasnoyarsk Time -  7:00 Russia KRA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  6:00 Russia KRA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  7:00 Russia KRA%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s -  6:00 Russia NOV%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s # Novosibirsk T -  7:00 - NOVT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  7:00 Russia KRA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  6:00 Russia KRA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  7:00 Russia KRA%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s +  6:00 Russia NOV%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s # Novosibirsk +  7:00 - NOVT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    7:00 - KRAT # Krasnoyarsk Time         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):   # Asia/Krasnoyarsk covers... - # 17 RU-TY Tuva Republic - # 19 RU-KK Khakassia, Republic of - # 24 RU-KYA Krasnoyarsk Krai + # 17 RU-TY Tuva Republic + # 19 RU-KK Khakassia, Republic of + # 24 RU-KYA Krasnoyarsk Krai   #   # Note: Effective 2007-01-01, (88) Evenk Autonomous Okrug and (84) Taymyr   # Autonomous Okrug were merged into (24, RU-KYA) Krasnoyarsk Krai.    - Zone Asia/Krasnoyarsk 6:11:20 - LMT 1920 Jan 6 + # Byalokoz 1919 says Krasnoyarsk was 6:11:26. +  + Zone Asia/Krasnoyarsk 6:11:26 - LMT 1920 Jan 6    6:00 - KRAT 1930 Jun 21 # Krasnoyarsk Time -  7:00 Russia KRA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  6:00 Russia KRA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  7:00 Russia KRA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  8:00 - KRAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  7:00 Russia KRA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  6:00 Russia KRA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  7:00 Russia KRA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  8:00 - KRAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    7:00 - KRAT         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):   # Asia/Irkutsk covers... - # 03 RU-BU Buryatia, Republic of - # 38 RU-IRK Irkutsk Oblast + # 03 RU-BU Buryatia, Republic of + # 38 RU-IRK Irkutsk Oblast   #   # Note: Effective 2008-01-01, (85) Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug was   # merged into (38, RU-IRK) Irkutsk Oblast.    - # Milne says Irkutsk time was 6:57:15. + # Milne 1899 says Irkutsk was 6:57:15. + # Byalokoz 1919 says Irkutsk was 6:57:05. + # Go with Byalokoz.    - Zone Asia/Irkutsk 6:57:15 - LMT 1880 -  6:57:15 - IMT 1920 Jan 25 # Irkutsk Mean Time + Zone Asia/Irkutsk 6:57:05 - LMT 1880 +  6:57:05 - IMT 1920 Jan 25 # Irkutsk Mean Time    7:00 - IRKT 1930 Jun 21 # Irkutsk Time -  8:00 Russia IRK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  7:00 Russia IRK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  8:00 Russia IRK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  9:00 - IRKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  8:00 Russia IRK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  7:00 Russia IRK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  8:00 Russia IRK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  9:00 - IRKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    8:00 - IRKT         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06):   # Asia/Chita covers... - # 92 RU-ZAB Zabaykalsky Krai + # 92 RU-ZAB Zabaykalsky Krai   #   # Note: Effective 2008-03-01, (75) Chita Oblast and (80) Agin-Buryat   # Autonomous Okrug merged to form (92, RU-ZAB) Zabaykalsky Krai.      Zone Asia/Chita 7:33:52 - LMT 1919 Dec 15    8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time -  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    8:00 - IRKT         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):   # Asia/Yakutsk covers... - # 28 RU-AMU Amur Oblast + # 28 RU-AMU Amur Oblast   #   # ...and parts of (14, RU-SA) Sakha (Yakutia) Republic:   # 14-02 **** Aldansky District   # 14-04 **** Amginsky District   # 14-05 **** Anabarsky District   # 14-06 **** Bulunsky District   # 14-07 **** Verkhnevilyuysky District   # 14-10 **** Vilyuysky District   # 14-11 **** Gorny District   # 14-12 **** Zhigansky District
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2563:   # 14-29 **** Ust-Aldansky District   # 14-32 **** Khangalassky District   # 14-33 **** Churapchinsky District   # 14-34 **** Eveno-Bytantaysky National District      # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Our commentary seems to have lost mention of (14-19) Neryungrinsky District.   # Since the surrounding districts of Sakha are all YAKT, assume this is, too.   # Also assume its history has been the same as the rest of Asia/Yakutsk.    - Zone Asia/Yakutsk 8:38:40 - LMT 1919 Dec 15 + # Byalokoz 1919 says Yakutsk was 8:38:58. +  + Zone Asia/Yakutsk 8:38:58 - LMT 1919 Dec 15    8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time -  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    9:00 - YAKT         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):   # Asia/Vladivostok covers... - # 25 RU-PRI Primorsky Krai - # 27 RU-KHA Khabarovsk Krai - # 79 RU-YEV Jewish Autonomous Oblast + # 25 RU-PRI Primorsky Krai + # 27 RU-KHA Khabarovsk Krai + # 79 RU-YEV Jewish Autonomous Oblast   #   # ...and parts of (14, RU-SA) Sakha (Yakutia) Republic:   # 14-09 **** Verkhoyansky District   # 14-31 **** Ust-Yansky District    - # Milne says Vladivostok time was 8:47:33.5; round to nearest. + # Milne 1899 says Vladivostok was 8:47:33.5. + # Byalokoz 1919 says Vladivostok was 8:47:31. + # Go with Byalokoz.    - Zone Asia/Vladivostok 8:47:34 - LMT 1922 Nov 15 + Zone Asia/Vladivostok 8:47:31 - LMT 1922 Nov 15    9:00 - VLAT 1930 Jun 21 # Vladivostok Time -  10:00 Russia VLA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  9:00 Russia VLA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  11:00 - VLAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  10:00 Russia VLA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  9:00 Russia VLA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  11:00 - VLAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    10:00 - VLAT         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Asia/Khandyga covers parts of (14, RU-SA) Sakha (Yakutia) Republic:   # 14-28 **** Tomponsky District   # 14-30 **** Ust-Maysky District      # From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09):   # Tomponskij and Ust'-Majskij switched from Vladivostok time to Yakutsk time   # in 2011.      # From Paul Eggert (2012-11-25):   # Shanks and Pottenger (2003) has Khandyga on Yakutsk time.   # Make a wild guess that it switched to Vladivostok time in 2004.   # This transition is no doubt wrong, but we have no better info.      Zone Asia/Khandyga 9:02:13 - LMT 1919 Dec 15    8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time -  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2004 -  10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  11:00 - VLAT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725? -  10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  11:00 - VLAT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725? +  10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    9:00 - YAKT         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Asia/Sakhalin covers... - # 65 RU-SAK Sakhalin Oblast + # 65 RU-SAK Sakhalin Oblast   # ...with the exception of:   # 65-11 **** Severo-Kurilsky District (North Kuril Islands)      # The Zone name should be Asia/Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, but that's too long.   Zone Asia/Sakhalin 9:30:48 - LMT 1905 Aug 23    9:00 - JCST 1937 Oct 1    9:00 - JST 1945 Aug 25 -  11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s # Sakhalin T. -  10:00 Russia SAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1997 Mar lastSun 2:00s -  10:00 Russia SAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  11:00 - SAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s # Sakhalin T +  10:00 Russia SAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1997 Mar lastSun 2:00s +  10:00 Russia SAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  11:00 - SAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    10:00 - SAKT         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):   # Asia/Magadan covers... - # 49 RU-MAG Magadan Oblast + # 49 RU-MAG Magadan Oblast      # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06), per Alexander Krivenyshev (2014-07-02):   # Magadan Oblast is moving from UTC+12 to UTC+10 on 2014-10-26; however,   # several districts of Sakha Republic as well as Severo-Kurilsky District of   # the Sakhalin Oblast (also known as the North Kuril Islands), represented   # until now by Asia/Magadan, will instead move to UTC+11. These regions will   # need their own zone.      Zone Asia/Magadan 10:03:12 - LMT 1924 May 2    10:00 - MAGT 1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time -  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  12:00 - MAGT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  12:00 - MAGT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    10:00 - MAGT         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06):   # Asia/Srednekolymsk covers parts of (14, RU-SA) Sakha (Yakutia) Republic:   # 14-01 **** Abyysky District   # 14-03 **** Allaikhovsky District   # 14-08 **** Verkhnekolymsky District   # 14-17 **** Momsky District   # 14-20 **** Nizhnekolymsky District
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2702:   # http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/Documents/Vol1/pub-01-05.pdf   # in Russian.) In addition, Srednekolymsk appears to be a much older   # settlement and the population of Zyryanka seems to be declining.   # Go with Srednekolymsk.   #   # Since Magadan Oblast moves to UTC+10 on 2014-10-26, we cannot keep using MAGT   # as the abbreviation. Use SRET instead.      Zone Asia/Srednekolymsk 10:14:52 - LMT 1924 May 2    10:00 - MAGT 1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time -  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  12:00 - MAGT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s -  11:00 - SRET # Srednekolymsk Time +  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  12:00 - MAGT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  11:00 - SRET # Srednekolymsk Time         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Asia/Ust-Nera covers parts of (14, RU-SA) Sakha (Yakutia) Republic:   # 14-22 **** Oymyakonsky District      # From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09):   # Ojmyakonskij [and the Kuril Islands] switched from   # Magadan time to Vladivostok time in 2011.   #   # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06), per Alexander Krivenyshev (2014-07-02):   # It's unlikely that any of the Kuril Islands were involved in such a switch,   # as the South and Middle Kurils have been on UTC+11 (SAKT) with the rest of   # Sakhalin Oblast since at least 2011-09, and the North Kurils have been on   # UTC+12 since at least then, too.      Zone Asia/Ust-Nera 9:32:54 - LMT 1919 Dec 15    8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time    9:00 Russia YAKT 1981 Apr 1 -  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s -  12:00 - MAGT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725? -  11:00 - VLAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s +  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  12:00 - MAGT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725? +  11:00 - VLAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    10:00 - VLAT         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):   # Asia/Kamchatka covers... - # 91 RU-KAM Kamchatka Krai + # 91 RU-KAM Kamchatka Krai   #   # Note: Effective 2007-07-01, (41) Kamchatka Oblast and (82) Koryak   # Autonomous Okrug merged to form (91, RU-KAM) Kamchatka Krai.      # The Zone name should be Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski or perhaps   # Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, but these are too long.   Zone Asia/Kamchatka 10:34:36 - LMT 1922 Nov 10    11:00 - PETT 1930 Jun 21 # P-K Time -  12:00 Russia PET%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  11:00 Russia PET%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  12:00 Russia PET%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s -  11:00 Russia PET%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  12:00 Russia PET%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  11:00 Russia PET%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  12:00 Russia PET%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s +  11:00 Russia PET%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    12:00 - PETT         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Asia/Anadyr covers... - # 87 RU-CHU Chukotka Autonomous Okrug + # 87 RU-CHU Chukotka Autonomous Okrug      Zone Asia/Anadyr 11:49:56 - LMT 1924 May 2    12:00 - ANAT 1930 Jun 21 # Anadyr Time -  13:00 Russia ANA%sT 1982 Apr 1 0:00s -  12:00 Russia ANA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s -  11:00 Russia ANA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s -  12:00 Russia ANA%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s -  11:00 Russia ANA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  13:00 Russia ANA%sT 1982 Apr 1 0:00s +  12:00 Russia ANA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  11:00 Russia ANA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  12:00 Russia ANA%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s +  11:00 Russia ANA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    12:00 - ANAT         # San Marino   # See Europe/Rome.      # Serbia   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Belgrade 1:22:00 - LMT 1884    1:00 - CET 1941 Apr 18 23:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 -  1:00 - CET 1945 May 8 2:00s +  1:00 - CET 1945 May 8 2:00s    1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Sep 16 2:00s   # Metod Koželj reports that the legal date of   # transition to EU rules was 1982-11-27, for all of Yugoslavia at the time.   # Shanks & Pottenger don't give as much detail, so go with Koželj.    1:00 - CET 1982 Nov 27    1:00 EU CE%sT   Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Ljubljana # Slovenia   Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Podgorica # Montenegro   Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Sarajevo # Bosnia and Herzegovina   Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Skopje # Macedonia
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2854:   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Madrid -0:14:44 - LMT 1901 Jan 1 0:00s    0:00 Spain WE%sT 1946 Sep 30    1:00 Spain CE%sT 1979    1:00 EU CE%sT   Zone Africa/Ceuta -0:21:16 - LMT 1901    0:00 - WET 1918 May 6 23:00    0:00 1:00 WEST 1918 Oct 7 23:00    0:00 - WET 1924    0:00 Spain WE%sT 1929 -  0:00 SpainAfrica WE%sT 1984 Mar 16 +  0:00 SpainAfrica WE%sT 1984 Mar 16    1:00 - CET 1986    1:00 EU CE%sT   Zone Atlantic/Canary -1:01:36 - LMT 1922 Mar # Las Palmas de Gran C. -  -1:00 - CANT 1946 Sep 30 1:00 # Canaries Time -  0:00 - WET 1980 Apr 6 0:00s -  0:00 1:00 WEST 1980 Sep 28 0:00s +  -1:00 - CANT 1946 Sep 30 1:00 # Canaries T +  0:00 - WET 1980 Apr 6 0:00s +  0:00 1:00 WEST 1980 Sep 28 0:00s    0:00 EU WE%sT   # IATA SSIM (1996-09) says the Canaries switch at 2:00u, not 1:00u.   # Ignore this for now, as the Canaries are part of the EU.      # Sweden      # From Ivan Nilsson (2001-04-13), superseding Shanks & Pottenger:   #   # The law "Svensk författningssamling 1878, no 14" about standard time in 1879:   # From the beginning of 1879 (that is 01-01 00:00) the time for all
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2913:   # summertime the church-clocks etc were set back one hour to show   # 1916-10-01 00:00 standard time. The article also reports that some   # people thought the switch to standard time would take place already   # at 1916-10-01 00:00 summer time, but they had to wait for another   # hour before the event took place.   #   # Source: The newspaper "Dagens Nyheter", 1916-10-01, page 7 upper left.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Stockholm 1:12:12 - LMT 1879 Jan 1 -  1:00:14 - SET 1900 Jan 1 # Swedish Time +  1:00:14 - SET 1900 Jan 1 # Swedish Time    1:00 - CET 1916 May 14 23:00 -  1:00 1:00 CEST 1916 Oct 1 01:00 +  1:00 1:00 CEST 1916 Oct 1 1:00    1:00 - CET 1980    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Switzerland   # From Howse:   # By the end of the 18th century clocks and watches became commonplace   # and their performance improved enormously. Communities began to keep   # mean time in preference to apparent time - Geneva from 1780 ....   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   # From Whitman (who writes "Midnight?"):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2984:   # To represent this, an extra zone would be needed.   #   # From Alois Treindl (2013-09-11):   # The Federal regulations say   # http://www.admin.ch/opc/de/classified-compilation/20071096/index.html   # ... the meridian for Bern mean time ... is 7 degrees 26' 22.50".   # Expressed in time, it is 0h29m45.5s.      # From Pierre-Yves Berger (2013-09-11):   # the "Circulaire du conseil fédéral" (December 11 1893) - # <http://www.amtsdruckschriften.bar.admin.ch/viewOrigDoc.do?id=10071353> ... + # http://www.amtsdruckschriften.bar.admin.ch/viewOrigDoc.do?id=10071353   # clearly states that the [1894-06-01] change should be done at midnight   # but if no one is present after 11 at night, could be postponed until one   # hour before the beginning of service.      # From Paul Eggert (2013-09-11):   # Round BMT to the nearest even second, 0:29:46.   #   # We can find no reliable source for Shanks's assertion that all of Switzerland   # except Geneva switched to Bern Mean Time at 00:00 on 1848-09-12. This book:   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3016:   # offices in Switzerland from Geneva to St. Gallen and Basel to Chiasso"   # (Google translation). For now, model this transition as occurring on   # 1853-07-16, though it probably occurred at some other date in Zurich, and   # legal civil time probably changed at still some other transition date.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - May Mon>=1 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Mon>=1 2:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1853 Jul 16 # See above comment. -  0:29:46 - BMT 1894 Jun # Bern Mean Time +  0:29:46 - BMT 1894 Jun # Bern Mean Time    1:00 Swiss CE%sT 1981    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Turkey      # From Amar Devegowda (2007-01-03):   # The time zone rules for Istanbul, Turkey have not been changed for years now.   # ... The latest rules are available at:   # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/timezone.html?n=107   # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-01-03):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3138:   Rule Turkey 1986 1990 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -   Rule Turkey 1991 2006 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1991 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 -   Rule Turkey 1996 2006 - Oct lastSun 1:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Istanbul 1:55:52 - LMT 1880    1:56:56 - IMT 1910 Oct # Istanbul Mean Time?    2:00 Turkey EE%sT 1978 Oct 15    3:00 Turkey TR%sT 1985 Apr 20 # Turkey Time    2:00 Turkey EE%sT 2007 -  2:00 EU EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 1:00u -  2:00 - EET 2011 Mar 28 1:00u -  2:00 EU EE%sT 2014 Mar 30 1:00u -  2:00 - EET 2014 Mar 31 1:00u +  2:00 EU EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 1:00u +  2:00 - EET 2011 Mar 28 1:00u +  2:00 EU EE%sT 2014 Mar 30 1:00u +  2:00 - EET 2014 Mar 31 1:00u    2:00 EU EE%sT   Link Europe/Istanbul Asia/Istanbul # Istanbul is in both continents.      # Ukraine   #   # From Igor Karpov, who works for the Ukrainian Ministry of Justice,   # via Garrett Wollman (2003-01-27):   # BTW, I've found the official document on this matter. It's government   # regulations number 509, May 13, 1996. In my poor translation it says:   # "Time in Ukraine is set to second timezone (Kiev time). Each last Sunday
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3223:      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   # Most of Ukraine since 1970 has been like Kiev.   # "Kyiv" is the transliteration of the Ukrainian name, but   # "Kiev" is more common in English.   Zone Europe/Kiev 2:02:04 - LMT 1880    2:02:04 - KMT 1924 May 2 # Kiev Mean Time    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21    3:00 - MSK 1941 Sep 20    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1943 Nov 6 -  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990 Jul 1 2:00 -  2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 3:00 +  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990 Jul 1 2:00 +  2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 3:00    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1995    2:00 EU EE%sT   # Ruthenia used CET 1990/1991.   # "Uzhhorod" is the transliteration of the Rusyn/Ukrainian pronunciation, but   # "Uzhgorod" is more common in English.   Zone Europe/Uzhgorod 1:29:12 - LMT 1890 Oct    1:00 - CET 1940    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Oct    1:00 1:00 CEST 1944 Oct 26    1:00 - CET 1945 Jun 29    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990 -  3:00 - MSK 1990 Jul 1 2:00 -  1:00 - CET 1991 Mar 31 3:00 +  3:00 - MSK 1990 Jul 1 2:00 +  1:00 - CET 1991 Mar 31 3:00    2:00 - EET 1992    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1995    2:00 EU EE%sT   # Zaporozh'ye and eastern Lugansk oblasts observed DST 1990/1991.   # "Zaporizhia" is the transliteration of the Ukrainian name, but   # "Zaporozh'ye" is more common in English. Use the common English   # spelling, except omit the apostrophe as it is not allowed in   # portable Posix file names.   Zone Europe/Zaporozhye 2:20:40 - LMT 1880    2:20 - CUT 1924 May 2 # Central Ukraine T    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21    3:00 - MSK 1941 Aug 25    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1943 Oct 25 -  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00 +  3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1995    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Vatican City   # See Europe/Rome.      ###############################################################################      # One source shows that Bulgaria, Cyprus, Finland, and Greece observe DST from   # the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in September in 1986.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3277:   # 00:00 standard time (i.e., 01:00 DST). It also claims that Turkey   # switches on the same day, but switches on at 01:00 standard time   # and off at 00:00 standard time (i.e., 01:00 DST)      # ...   # Date: Wed, 28 Jan 87 16:56:27 -0100   # From: Tom Hofmann   # ...   #   # ...the European time rules are...standardized since 1981, when - # most European coun[tr]ies started DST. Before that year, only + # most European countries started DST. Before that year, only   # a few countries (UK, France, Italy) had DST, each according   # to own national rules. In 1981, however, DST started on   # 'Apr firstSun', and not on 'Mar lastSun' as in the following   # years...   # But also since 1981 there are some more national exceptions   # than listed in 'europe': Switzerland, for example, joined DST   # one year later, Denmark ended DST on 'Oct 1' instead of 'Sep   # lastSun' in 1981 - I don't know how they handle now.   #   # Finally, DST ist always from 'Apr 1' to 'Oct 1' in the