pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / europe

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:814:      # Milne says Vienna time was 1:05:21.      # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): Shanks & Pottenger give 1918-06-16 and   # 1945-11-18, but the Austrian Federal Office of Metrology and   # Surveying (BEV) gives 1918-09-16 and for Vienna gives the "alleged"   # date of 1945-04-12 with no time. For the 1980-04-06 transition   # Shanks & Pottenger give 02:00, the BEV 00:00. Go with the BEV,   # and guess 02:00 for 1945-04-12.    + # From Alois Triendl (2019-07-22): + # In 1946 the end of DST was on Monday, 7 October 1946, at 3:00 am. + # Shanks had this right. Source: Die Weltpresse, 5. Oktober 1946, page 5. +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Austria 1920 only - Apr 5 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1920 only - Sep 13 2:00s 0 -   Rule Austria 1946 only - Apr 14 2:00s 1:00 S - Rule Austria 1946 1948 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 - + Rule Austria 1946 only - Oct 7 2:00s 0 - + Rule Austria 1947 1948 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Austria 1947 only - Apr 6 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1948 only - Apr 18 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1980 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1980 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -   # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Vienna 1:05:21 - LMT 1893 Apr    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1920    1:00 Austria CE%sT 1940 Apr 1 2:00s    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00s    1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Apr 12 2:00s
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:868:    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21    3:00 - MSK 1941 Jun 28    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Jul 3    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990    3:00 - MSK 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    3:00 - +03      # Belgium   # - # From Paul Eggert (1997-07-02): + # From Michael Deckers (2019-08-25): + # The exposition in the web page + # https://www.bestor.be/wiki/index.php/Voyager_dans_le_temps._L%E2%80%99introduction_de_la_norme_de_Greenwich_en_Belgique + # gives several contemporary sources from which one can conclude that + # the switch in Europe/Brussels on 1892-05-01 was from 00:17:30 to 00:00:00. + # + # From Paul Eggert (2019-08-28): + # This quote helps explain the late-1914 situation: + # In early November 1914, the Germans imposed the time zone used in central + # Europe and forced the inhabitants to set their watches and public clocks + # sixty minutes ahead. Many were reluctant to accept "German time" and + # continued to use "Belgian time" among themselves. Reflecting the spirit of + # resistance that arose in the population, a song made fun of this change.... + # The song ended: + # Putting your clock forward + # Will but hasten the happy hour + # When we kick out the Boches! + # See: Pluvinage G. Brussels on German time. Cahiers Bruxellois - + # Brusselse Cahiers. 2014;XLVI(1E):15-38. + # https://www.cairn.info/revue-cahiers-bruxellois-2014-1E-page-15.htm + # + # Entries from 1914 through 1917 are taken from "De tijd in België" + # <https://www.astro.oma.be/GENERAL/INFO/nli001a.html>.   # Entries from 1918 through 1991 are taken from:   # Annuaire de L'Observatoire Royal de Belgique,   # Avenue Circulaire, 3, B-1180 BRUXELLES, CLVIIe année, 1991   # (Imprimerie HAYEZ, s.p.r.l., Rue Fin, 4, 1080 BRUXELLES, MCMXC),   # pp 8-9. - # LMT before 1892 was 0:17:30, according to the official journal of Belgium: - # Moniteur Belge, Samedi 30 Avril 1892, N.121. - # Thanks to Pascal Delmoitie for these references. + # Thanks to Pascal Delmoitie for the 1918/1991 references.   # The 1918 rules are listed for completeness; they apply to unoccupied Belgium.   # Assume Brussels switched to WET in 1918 when the armistice took effect.   #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Belgium 1918 only - Mar 9 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1918 1919 - Oct Sat>=1 23:00s 0 -   Rule Belgium 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -   Rule Belgium 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:921:   Rule Belgium 1939 only - Apr 16 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1939 only - Nov 19 2:00s 0 -   Rule Belgium 1940 only - Feb 25 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1944 only - Sep 17 2:00s 0 -   Rule Belgium 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   Rule Belgium 1946 only - May 19 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Belgium 1946 only - Oct 7 2:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Brussels 0:17:30 - LMT 1880 -  0:17:30 - BMT 1892 May 1 12:00 # Brussels MT +  0:17:30 - BMT 1892 May 1 00:17:30    0:00 - WET 1914 Nov 8    1:00 - CET 1916 May 1 0:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1918 Nov 11 11:00u    0:00 Belgium WE%sT 1940 May 20 2:00s    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Sep 3    1:00 Belgium CE%sT 1977    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Bosnia and Herzegovina   # See Europe/Belgrade.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1620:   # Line German controlled territory, official government RSI, and south   # of the Gothic Line, controlled by allied armies.   #   # From Brian Inglis (2016-10-23):   # Viceregal LEGISLATIVE DECREE. 14 September 1944, no. 219.   # Restoration of Standard Time. (044U0219) (OJ 62 of 30.9.1944) ...   # Given the R. law decreed on 1944-03-29, no. 92, by which standard time is   # advanced to sixty minutes later starting at hour two on 1944-04-02; ...   # Starting at hour three on the date 1944-09-17 standard time will be resumed.   # + # From Alois Triendl (2019-07-02): + # I spent 6 Euros to buy two archive copies of Il Messaggero, a Roman paper, + # for 1 and 2 April 1944. The edition of 2 April has this note: "Tonight at 2 + # am, put forward the clock by one hour. Remember that in the night between + # today and Monday the 'ora legale' will come in force again." That makes it + # clear that in Rome the change was on Monday, 3 April 1944 at 2 am. + #   # From Paul Eggert (2016-10-27):   # Go with INRiM for DST rules, except as corrected by Inglis for 1944   # for the Kingdom of Italy. This is consistent with Renzo Baldini.   # Model Rome's occupation by using C-Eur rules from 1943-09-10   # to 1944-06-04; although Rome was an open city during this period, it   # was effectively controlled by Germany.   #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Italy 1916 only - Jun 3 24:00 1:00 S   Rule Italy 1916 1917 - Sep 30 24:00 0 -
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1767:    2:00 Latvia EE%sT 1997 Jan 21    2:00 EU EE%sT 2000 Feb 29    2:00 - EET 2001 Jan 2    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Liechtenstein      # From Paul Eggert (2013-09-09):   # Shanks & Pottenger say Vaduz is like Zurich.    - # From Alois Treindl (2013-09-18): - # http://www.eliechtensteinensia.li/LIJ/1978/1938-1978/1941.pdf - # ... confirms on p. 6 that Liechtenstein followed Switzerland in 1941 and 1942. - # I ... translate only the last two paragraphs: - # ... during second world war, in the years 1941 and 1942, Liechtenstein - # introduced daylight saving time, adapting to Switzerland. From 1943 on - # central European time was in force throughout the year. - # From a report of the duke's government to the high council, - # regarding the introduction of a time law, of 31 May 1977. + # From Alois Treindl (2019-07-04): + # I was able to access the online archive of the Vaduz paper Vaterland ... + # I could confirm from the paper that Liechtenstein did in fact follow + # the same DST in 1941 and 1942 as Switzerland did.      Link Europe/Zurich Europe/Vaduz         # Lithuania      # From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):   # The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).      # From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2483:   # listing. The region codes listed come from   # https://en.wikipedia.org/w/?title=Federal_subjects_of_Russia&oldid=611810498   # and are used for convenience only; no guarantees are made regarding their   # future stability. ISO 3166-2:RU codes are also listed for first-level   # divisions where available.      # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Europe/Kaliningrad covers...   # 39 RU-KGD Kaliningrad Oblast    + # From Paul Eggert (2019-07-25): + # Although Shanks lists 1945-01-01 as the date for transition from + # +01/+02 to +02/+03, more likely this is a placeholder. Guess that + # the transition occurred at 1945-04-10 00:00, which is about when + # Königsberg surrendered to Soviet troops. (Thanks to Alois Triendl.) +    # From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):   # The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).      # From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):   # http://www.rgo.ru/ru/kaliningradskoe-oblastnoe-otdelenie/ob-otdelenii/publikacii/kak-nam-zhilos-bez-letnego-vremeni   # confirms that the 1989 change to Moscow-1 was implemented.   # (The article, though, is misattributed to 1990 while saying that   # summer->winter transition would be done on the 24 of September. But   # 1990-09-24 was Monday, while 1989-09-24 was Sunday as expected.)   # ...   # http://www.kaliningradka.ru/site_pc/cherez/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=40091   # says that Kaliningrad switched to Moscow-1 on 1989-03-26, avoided   # at the last moment switch to Moscow-1 on 1991-03-31, switched to   # Moscow on 1991-11-03, switched to Moscow-1 on 1992-01-19.      Zone Europe/Kaliningrad 1:22:00 - LMT 1893 Apr -  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 -  2:00 Poland CE%sT 1946 +  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 10 +  2:00 Poland EE%sT 1946 Apr 7    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar 26 2:00s    2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    3:00 - +03 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    2:00 - EET         # From Paul Eggert (2016-02-21), per Tim Parenti (2014-07-03) and   # Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):   # Europe/Moscow covers...   # 01 RU-AD Adygea, Republic of
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3643:   Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - May Mon>=1 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Mon>=1 2:00 0 -   # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1853 Jul 16 # See above comment.    0:29:46 - BMT 1894 Jun # Bern Mean Time    1:00 Swiss CE%sT 1981    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Turkey    + # From Alois Treindl (2019-08-12): + # http://www.astrolojidergisi.com/yazsaati.htm has researched the time zone + # history of Turkey, based on newspaper archives and official documents. + # From Paul Eggert (2019-08-28): + # That source (Oya Vulaş, "Türkiye'de Yaz Saati Uygulamaları") + # is used for 1940/1972, where it seems more reliable than our other + # sources. +  + # From Kıvanç Yazan (2019-08-12): + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/14539.pdf#page=24 + # 1973-06-03 01:00 -> 02:00, 1973-11-04 02:00 -> 01:00 + # + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/14829.pdf#page=1 + # 1974-03-31 02:00 -> 03:00, 1974-11-03 02:00 -> 01:00 + # + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/15161.pdf#page=1 + # 1975-03-22 02:00 -> 03:00, 1975-11-02 02:00 -> 01:00 + # + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/15535_1.pdf#page=1 + # 1976-03-21 02:00 -> 03:00, 1976-10-31 02:00 -> 01:00 + # + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/15778.pdf#page=5 + # 1977-04-03 02:00 -> 03:00, 1977-10-16 02:00 -> 01:00, + # 1978-04-02 02:00 -> 03:00 (not applied, see below) + # 1978-10-15 02:00 -> 01:00 (not applied, see below) + # 1979-04-01 02:00 -> 03:00 (not applied, see below) + # 1979-10-14 02:00 -> 01:00 (not applied, see below) + # + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/16245.pdf#page=17 + # This cancels the previous decision, and repeats it only for 1978. + # 1978-04-02 02:00 -> 03:00, 1978-10-15 02:00 -> 01:00 + # (not applied due to standard TZ change below) + # + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/16331.pdf#page=3 + # This decision changes the default longitude for Turkish time zone from 30 + # degrees East to 45 degrees East. This means a standard TZ change, from +2 + # to +3. This is published & applied on 1978-06-29. At that time, Turkey was + # already on summer time (already on 45E). Hence, this new law just meant an + # "continuous summer time". Note that this was reversed in a few years. + # + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/18119_1.pdf#page=1 + # 1983-07-31 02:00 -> 03:00 (note that this jumps TZ to +4) + # 1983-10-02 02:00 -> 01:00 (back to +3) + # + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/18561.pdf (page 1 and 34) + # At this time, Turkey is still on +3 with no spring-forward on early + # 1984. This decision is published on 10/31/1984. Page 1 declares + # the decision of reverting the "default longitude change". So the + # standard time should go back to +3 (30E). And page 34 explains when + # that will happen: 1984-11-01 02:00 -> 01:00. You can think of this + # as "end of continuous summer time, change of standard time zone". + # + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/18713.pdf#page=1 + # 1985-04-20 01:00 -> 02:00, 1985-09-28 02:00 -> 01:00 +    # From Kıvanç Yazan (2016-09-25):   # 1) For 1986-2006, DST started at 01:00 local and ended at 02:00 local, with   # no exceptions.   # 2) 1994's lastSun was overridden with Mar 20 ...   # Here are official papers: - # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/19032.pdf - page 2 for 1986 - # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/19400.pdf - page 4 for 1987 - # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/19752.pdf - page 15 for 1988 - # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/20102.pdf - page 6 for 1989 - # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/20464.pdf - page 1 for 1990 - 1992 - # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/21531.pdf - page 15 for 1993 - 1995 - # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/21879.pdf - page 1 for overriding 1994 - # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/22588.pdf - page 1 for 1996, 1997 - # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/23286.pdf - page 10 for 1998 - 2000 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/19032.pdf#page=2 for 1986 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/19400.pdf#page=4 for 1987 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/19752.pdf#page=15 for 1988 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/20102.pdf#page=6 for 1989 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/20464.pdf#page=1 for 1990 - 1992 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/21531.pdf#page=15 for 1993 - 1995 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/21879.pdf#page=1 for overriding 1994 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/22588.pdf#page=1 for 1996, 1997 + # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/23286.pdf#page=10 for 1998 - 2000   # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2001/03/20010324.htm#2 - for 2001   # http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2002/03/20020316.htm#2 - for 2002-2006   # From Paul Eggert (2016-09-25):   # Prefer the above sources to Shanks & Pottenger for timestamps after 1985.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-03-09):   # Starting 2007 though, it seems that they are adopting EU's 1:00 UTC   # start/end time, according to the following page (2007-03-07):   # http://www.ntvmsnbc.com/news/402029.asp   # The official document is located here - it is in Turkish...:
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3740:   Rule Turkey 1920 only - Oct 25 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1921 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1921 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1922 only - Mar 26 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1922 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -   # Whitman gives 1923 Apr 28 - Sep 16 and no DST in 1924-1925;   # go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule Turkey 1924 only - May 13 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1924 1925 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1925 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1940 only - Jun 30 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1940 only - Oct 5 0:00 0 - + Rule Turkey 1940 only - Jul 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Turkey 1940 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1940 only - Dec 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1941 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1942 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S - # Whitman omits the next two transition and gives 1945 Oct 1; - # go with Shanks & Pottenger. - Rule Turkey 1942 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 - - Rule Turkey 1945 only - Apr 2 0:00 1:00 S +    Rule Turkey 1945 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1946 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1946 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1947 1948 - Apr Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1947 1950 - Oct Sun>=2 0:00 0 - + Rule Turkey 1947 1951 - Oct Sun>=2 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1949 only - Apr 10 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1950 only - Apr 19 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Turkey 1950 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1951 only - Apr 22 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1951 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 - + # DST for 15 months; unusual but we'll let it pass.   Rule Turkey 1962 only - Jul 15 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1962 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 - + Rule Turkey 1963 only - Oct 30 0:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1964 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1964 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 - - Rule Turkey 1970 1972 - May Sun>=2 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1970 1972 - Oct Sun>=2 0:00 0 - +    Rule Turkey 1973 only - Jun 3 1:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1973 only - Nov 4 3:00 0 - + Rule Turkey 1973 1976 - Oct Sun>=31 2:00 0 -   Rule Turkey 1974 only - Mar 31 2:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1974 only - Nov 3 5:00 0 - - Rule Turkey 1975 only - Mar 30 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1975 1976 - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 - - Rule Turkey 1976 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1977 1978 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1977 only - Oct 16 0:00 0 - - Rule Turkey 1979 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 3:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1979 1982 - Oct Mon>=11 0:00 0 - - Rule Turkey 1981 1982 - Mar lastSun 3:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1983 only - Jul 31 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1983 only - Oct 2 0:00 0 - - Rule Turkey 1985 only - Apr 20 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Turkey 1985 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 - + Rule Turkey 1975 only - Mar 22 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Turkey 1976 only - Mar 21 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Turkey 1977 1978 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Turkey 1977 1978 - Oct Sun>=15 2:00 0 - + Rule Turkey 1978 only - Jun 29 0:00 0 - + Rule Turkey 1983 only - Jul 31 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Turkey 1983 only - Oct 2 2:00 0 - + Rule Turkey 1985 only - Apr 20 1:00s 1:00 S + Rule Turkey 1985 only - Sep 28 1:00s 0 -   Rule Turkey 1986 1993 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1986 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 -   Rule Turkey 1994 only - Mar 20 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1995 2006 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S   Rule Turkey 1996 2006 - Oct lastSun 1:00s 0 -   # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Istanbul 1:55:52 - LMT 1880    1:56:56 - IMT 1910 Oct # Istanbul Mean Time? -  2:00 Turkey EE%sT 1978 Oct 15 -  3:00 Turkey +03/+04 1985 Apr 20 +  2:00 Turkey EE%sT 1978 Jun 29 +  3:00 Turkey +03/+04 1984 Nov 1 2:00    2:00 Turkey EE%sT 2007    2:00 EU EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 1:00u    2:00 - EET 2011 Mar 28 1:00u    2:00 EU EE%sT 2014 Mar 30 1:00u    2:00 - EET 2014 Mar 31 1:00u    2:00 EU EE%sT 2015 Oct 25 1:00u    2:00 1:00 EEST 2015 Nov 8 1:00u    2:00 EU EE%sT 2016 Sep 7    3:00 - +03   Link Europe/Istanbul Asia/Istanbul # Istanbul is in both continents.