pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / europe

version» Context lines:

pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:35:   # "It is requested that corrections and additions to these tables   # may be sent to Mr. John Milne, Royal Geographical Society,   # Savile Row, London." Nowadays please email them to tz@iana.org.   #   # Brazil's Departamento Servico da Hora (DSH),   # <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HISTHV.htm">   # History of Summer Time   # </a> (1998-09-21, in Portuguese)      # - # I invented the abbreviations marked `*' in the following table; + # I invented the abbreviations marked '*' in the following table;   # the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.   # Corrections are welcome!   # std dst 2dst   # LMT Local Mean Time   # -4:00 AST ADT Atlantic   # -3:00 WGT WGST Western Greenland*   # -1:00 EGT EGST Eastern Greenland*   # 0:00 GMT BST BDST Greenwich, British Summer   # 0:00 GMT IST Greenwich, Irish Summer   # 0:00 WET WEST WEMT Western Europe
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:89:      # Britain (United Kingdom) and Ireland (Eire)      # From Peter Ilieve (1994-07-06):   #   # On 17 Jan 1994 the Independent, a UK quality newspaper, had a piece about   # historical vistas along the Thames in west London. There was a photo   # and a sketch map showing some of the sightlines involved. One paragraph   # of the text said:   # - # `An old stone obelisk marking a forgotten terrestrial meridian stands + # 'An old stone obelisk marking a forgotten terrestrial meridian stands   # beside the river at Kew. In the 18th century, before time and longitude   # was standardised by the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, scholars observed   # this stone and the movement of stars from Kew Observatory nearby. They   # made their calculations and set the time for the Horse Guards and Parliament,   # but now the stone is obscured by scrubwood and can only be seen by walking   # along the towpath within a few yards of it.'   #   # I have a one inch to one mile map of London and my estimate of the stone's   # position is 51 deg. 28' 30" N, 0 deg. 18' 45" W. The longitude should   # be within about +-2". The Ordnance Survey grid reference is TQ172761.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:133:   # The legal system finally switched to GMT when the Statutes (Definition   # of Time) Act took effect; it received the Royal Assent on 1880-08-02.   #   # In the tables below, we condense this complicated story into a single   # transition date for London, namely 1847-12-01. We don't know as much   # about Dublin, so we use 1880-08-02, the legal transition time.      # From Paul Eggert (2003-09-27):   # Summer Time was first seriously proposed by William Willett (1857-1915),   # a London builder and member of the Royal Astronomical Society - # who circulated a pamphlet ``The Waste of Daylight'' (1907) + # who circulated a pamphlet "The Waste of Daylight" (1907)   # that proposed advancing clocks 20 minutes on each of four Sundays in April,   # and retarding them by the same amount on four Sundays in September.   # A bill was drafted in 1909 and introduced in Parliament several times,   # but it met with ridicule and opposition, especially from farming interests.   # Later editions of the pamphlet proposed one-hour summer time, and   # it was eventually adopted as a wartime measure in 1916.   # See: Summer Time Arrives Early, The Times (2000-05-18).   # A monument to Willett was unveiled on 1927-05-21, in an open space in   # a 45-acre wood near Chislehurst, Kent that was purchased by popular   # subscription and open to the public. On the south face of the monolith,
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:158:   # It is one of the paradoxes of history that we should owe the boon of   # summer time, which gives every year to the people of this country   # between 160 and 170 hours more daylight leisure, to a war which   # plunged Europe into darkness for four years, and shook the   # foundations of civilization throughout the world.   # -- <a href="http://www.winstonchurchill.org/fh114willett.htm">   # "A Silent Toast to William Willett", Pictorial Weekly   # </a>      # From Paul Eggert (1996-09-03): - # The OED Supplement says that the English originally said ``Daylight Saving'' + # The OED Supplement says that the English originally said "Daylight Saving"   # when they were debating the adoption of DST in 1908; but by 1916 this   # term appears only in quotes taken from DST's opponents, whereas the - # proponents (who eventually won the argument) are quoted as using ``Summer''. + # proponents (who eventually won the argument) are quoted as using "Summer".      # From Arthur David Olson (1989-01-19):   #   # A source at the British Information Office in New York avers that it's   # known as "British" Summer Time in all parts of the United Kingdom.      # Date: 4 Jan 89 08:57:25 GMT (Wed)   # From: Jonathan Leffler   # [British Summer Time] is fixed annually by Act of Parliament.   # If you can predict what Parliament will do, you should be in
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:201:   # http://student.cusu.cam.ac.uk/~jsm28/british-time/bbc-19410418.png   # http://student.cusu.cam.ac.uk/~jsm28/british-time/ho-19410421.png      # From Sir Alexander Maxwell in the above-mentioned letter (1941-04-21):   # [N]o official designation has as far as I know been adopted for the time   # which is to be introduced in May....   # I cannot think of anything better than "Double British Summer Time"   # which could not be said to run counter to any official description.      # From Paul Eggert (2000-10-02): - # Howse writes (p 157) `DBST' too, but `BDST' seems to have been common + # Howse writes (p 157) 'DBST' too, but 'BDST' seems to have been common   # and follows the more usual convention of putting the location name first, - # so we use `BDST'. + # so we use 'BDST'.      # Peter Ilieve (1998-04-19) described at length   # the history of summer time legislation in the United Kingdom.   # Since 1998 Joseph S. Myers has been updating   # and extending this list, which can be found in   # http://student.cusu.cam.ac.uk/~jsm28/british-time/   # <a href="http://www.polyomino.org.uk/british-time/">   # History of legal time in Britain   # </a>   # Rob Crowther (2012-01-04) reports that that URL no longer
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:424:   # Summer Time Order, 1986 (S.I. 1986/223)   # Summer Time Order, 1988 (S.I. 1988/931)   Rule GB-Eire 1981 1995 - Mar lastSun 1:00u 1:00 BST   Rule GB-Eire 1981 1989 - Oct Sun>=23 1:00u 0 GMT   # Summer Time Order, 1989 (S.I. 1989/985)   # Summer Time Order, 1992 (S.I. 1992/1729)   # Summer Time Order 1994 (S.I. 1994/2798)   Rule GB-Eire 1990 1995 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00u 0 GMT   # Summer Time Order 1997 (S.I. 1997/2982)   # See EU for rules starting in 1996. + # + # Use Europe/London for Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/London -0:01:15 - LMT 1847 Dec 1 0:00s    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Oct 27    1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996    0:00 EU GMT/BST   Link Europe/London Europe/Jersey   Link Europe/London Europe/Guernsey   Link Europe/London Europe/Isle_of_Man
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:516:   # Rule Belgium 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   # Rule Neth 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   #   # The rule line to be changed is:   #   # Rule C-Eur 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00 0 -   #   # It seems that Paris, Monaco, Rule France, Rule Belgium all agree on   # 2:00 standard time, e.g. 3:00 local time. However there are no   # countries that use C-Eur rules in September 1945, so the only items - # affected are apparently these ficticious zones that translates acronyms + # affected are apparently these fictitious zones that translate acronyms   # CET and MET:   #   # Zone CET 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT   # Zone MET 1:00 C-Eur ME%sT   #   # It this is right then the corrected version would look like:   #   # Rule C-Eur 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   #   # A small step for mankind though 8-)
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:790:    0:17:30 - BMT 1892 May 1 12:00 # Brussels MT    0:00 - WET 1914 Nov 8    1:00 - CET 1916 May 1 0:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1918 Nov 11 11:00u    0:00 Belgium WE%sT 1940 May 20 2:00s    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Sep 3    1:00 Belgium CE%sT 1977    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Bosnia and Herzegovina - # see Serbia + # See Europe/Belgrade.      # Bulgaria   #   # From Plamen Simenov via Steffen Thorsen (1999-09-09):   # A document of Government of Bulgaria (No.94/1997) says:   # EET --> EETDST is in 03:00 Local time in last Sunday of March ...   # EETDST --> EET is in 04:00 Local time in last Sunday of October   #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Bulg 1979 only - Mar 31 23:00 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:818:    2:00 - EET 1942 Nov 2 3:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945    1:00 - CET 1945 Apr 2 3:00    2:00 - EET 1979 Mar 31 23:00    2:00 Bulg EE%sT 1982 Sep 26 2:00    2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1991    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1997    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Croatia - # see Serbia + # See Europe/Belgrade.      # Cyprus - # Please see the `asia' file for Asia/Nicosia. + # Please see the 'asia' file for Asia/Nicosia.      # Czech Republic   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Czech 1945 only - Apr 8 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Czech 1945 only - Nov 18 2:00s 0 -   Rule Czech 1946 only - May 6 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Czech 1946 1949 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Czech 1947 only - Apr 20 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Czech 1948 only - Apr 18 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Czech 1949 only - Apr 9 2:00s 1:00 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Prague 0:57:44 - LMT 1850    0:57:44 - PMT 1891 Oct # Prague Mean Time    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Sep 17 2:00s    1:00 Czech CE%sT 1979    1:00 EU CE%sT -  + # Use Europe/Prague also for Slovakia.      # Denmark, Faroe Islands, and Greenland      # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2005-04-26):   # http://www.hum.aau.dk/~poe/tid/tine/DanskTid.htm says that the law   # [introducing standard time] was in effect from 1894-01-01....   # The page http://www.retsinfo.dk/_GETDOCI_/ACCN/A18930008330-REGL   # confirms this, and states that the law was put forth 1893-03-29.   #   # The EU treaty with effect from 1973:
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1001:      # Estonia   # From Peter Ilieve (1994-10-15):   # A relative in Tallinn confirms the accuracy of the data for 1989 onwards   # [through 1994] and gives the legal authority for it,   # a regulation of the Government of Estonia, No. 111 of 1989....   #   # From Peter Ilieve (1996-10-28):   # [IATA SSIM (1992/1996) claims that the Baltic republics switch at 01:00s,   # but a relative confirms that Estonia still switches at 02:00s, writing:] - # ``I do not [know] exactly but there are some little different + # "I do not [know] exactly but there are some little different   # (confusing) rules for International Air and Railway Transport Schedules   # conversion in Sunday connected with end of summer time in Estonia....   # A discussion is running about the summer time efficiency and effect on   # human physiology. It seems that Estonia maybe will not change to - # summer time next spring.'' + # summer time next spring."      # From Peter Ilieve (1998-11-04), heavily edited:   # <a href="http://trip.rk.ee/cgi-bin/thw?${BASE}=akt&${OOHTML}=rtd&TA=1998&TO=1&AN=1390">   # The 1998-09-22 Estonian time law   # </a>   # refers to the Eighth Directive and cites the association agreement between   # the EU and Estonia, ratified by the Estonian law (RT II 1995, 22--27, 120).   #   # I also asked [my relative] whether they use any standard abbreviation   # for their standard and summer times. He says no, they use "suveaeg"
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1061:    2:00 EU EE%sT 1999 Nov 1    2:00 - EET 2002 Feb 21    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Finland      # From Hannu Strang (1994-09-25 06:03:37 UTC):   # Well, here in Helsinki we're just changing from summer time to regular one,   # and it's supposed to change at 4am...    - # From Janne Snabb (2010-0715): + # From Janne Snabb (2010-07-15):   #   # I noticed that the Finland data is not accurate for years 1981 and 1982.   # During these two first trial years the DST adjustment was made one hour   # earlier than in forthcoming years. Starting 1983 the adjustment was made   # according to the central European standards.   #   # This is documented in Heikki Oja: Aikakirja 2007, published by The Almanac   # Office of University of Helsinki, ISBN 952-10-3221-9, available online (in   # Finnish) at   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1118:   # Traditionnelles - Paris 2 books, 1993   #   # Gabriel, Traite de l'heure dans le monde, Guy Tredaniel editeur,   # Paris, 1991   #   # Francoise Gauquelin, Problemes de l'heure resolus en astrologie,   # Guy tredaniel, Paris 1987         # - # Shank & Pottenger seem to use `24:00' ambiguously; resolve it with Whitman. + # Shank & Pottenger seem to use '24:00' ambiguously; resolve it with Whitman.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule France 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule France 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -   Rule France 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule France 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule France 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule France 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule France 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -   Rule France 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule France 1921 only - Oct 25 23:00s 0 -
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1408:   # During World War II, German-controlled Italy used German time.   # But these events all occurred before the 1970 cutoff,   # so record only the time in Rome.   #   # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # For Italian DST we have three sources: Shanks & Pottenger, Whitman, and   # F. Pollastri   # <a href="http://toi.iriti.cnr.it/uk/ienitlt.html">   # Day-light Saving Time in Italy (2006-02-03)   # </a> - # (`FP' below), taken from an Italian National Electrotechnical Institute + # ('FP' below), taken from an Italian National Electrotechnical Institute   # publication. When the three sources disagree, guess who's right, as follows:   #   # year FP Shanks&P. (S) Whitman (W) Go with:   # 1916 06-03 06-03 24:00 06-03 00:00 FP & W   # 09-30 09-30 24:00 09-30 01:00 FP; guess 24:00s   # 1917 04-01 03-31 24:00 03-31 00:00 FP & S   # 09-30 09-29 24:00 09-30 01:00 FP & W   # 1918 03-09 03-09 24:00 03-09 00:00 FP & S   # 10-06 10-05 24:00 10-06 01:00 FP & W   # 1919 03-01 03-01 24:00 03-01 00:00 FP & S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1554:    3:00 - MSK 1941 Jul    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Oct 13    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar lastSun 2:00s    2:00 1:00 EEST 1989 Sep lastSun 2:00s    2:00 Latvia EE%sT 1997 Jan 21    2:00 EU EE%sT 2000 Feb 29    2:00 - EET 2001 Jan 2    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Liechtenstein - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Europe/Vaduz 0:38:04 - LMT 1894 Jun -  1:00 - CET 1981 -  1:00 EU CE%sT +     -  + # From Paul Eggert (2013-09-09): + # Shanks & Pottenger say Vaduz is like Zurich. +  + # From Alois Treindl (2013-09-18): + # http://www.eliechtensteinensia.li/LIJ/1978/1938-1978/1941.pdf + # ... confirms on p. 6 that Liechtenstein followed Switzerland in 1941 and 1942. + # I ... translate only the last two paragraphs: + # ... during second world war, in the years 1941 and 1942, Liechtenstein + # introduced daylight saving time, adapting to Switzerland. From 1943 on + # central European time was in force throughout the year. + # From a report of the duke's government to the high council, + # regarding the introduction of a time law, of 31 May 1977. +  + Link Europe/Zurich Europe/Vaduz +  +    # Lithuania      # From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22):   # IATA SSIM (1992/1996) says Lithuania uses W-Eur rules, but since it is   # known to be wrong about Estonia and Latvia, assume it's wrong here too.      # From Marius Gedminas (1998-08-07):   # I would like to inform that in this year Lithuanian time zone   # (Europe/Vilnius) was changed.   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1645:   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Luxembourg 0:24:36 - LMT 1904 Jun    1:00 Lux CE%sT 1918 Nov 25    0:00 Lux WE%sT 1929 Oct 6 2:00s    0:00 Belgium WE%sT 1940 May 14 3:00    1:00 C-Eur WE%sT 1944 Sep 18 3:00    1:00 Belgium CE%sT 1977    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Macedonia - # see Serbia + # See Europe/Belgrade.      # Malta   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Malta 1973 only - Mar 31 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Malta 1973 only - Sep 29 0:00s 0 -   Rule Malta 1974 only - Apr 21 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Malta 1974 only - Sep 16 0:00s 0 -   Rule Malta 1975 1979 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Malta 1975 1980 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 0 -   Rule Malta 1980 only - Mar 31 2:00 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1738:   # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's   # more precise 0:09:21.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Monaco 0:29:32 - LMT 1891 Mar 15    0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time    0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00    1:00 France CE%sT 1977    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Montenegro - # see Serbia + # See Europe/Belgrade.      # Netherlands      # Howse writes that the Netherlands' railways used GMT between 1892 and 1940,   # but for other purposes the Netherlands used Amsterdam mean time.      # However, Robert H. van Gent writes (2001-04-01):   # Howse's statement is only correct up to 1909. From 1909-05-01 (00:00:00   # Amsterdam mean time) onwards, the whole of the Netherlands (including   # the Dutch railways) was required by law to observe Amsterdam mean time
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1853:   # into operation on 1895-01-01) and Svalbard/Jan Mayen seem to be a   # part of this law since 1925/1930. (From   # http://www.lovdata.no/all/nl-18940629-001.html ) I have not been   # able to find if Jan Mayen used a different time zone (e.g. -0100)   # before 1930. Jan Mayen has only been "inhabitated" since 1921 by   # Norwegian meteorologists and maybe used the same time as Norway ever   # since 1921. Svalbard (Arctic/Longyearbyen) has been inhabited since   # before 1895, and therefore probably changed the local time somewhere   # between 1895 and 1925 (inclusive).    - # From Paul Eggert (2001-05-01): + # From Paul Eggert (2013-09-04):   #   # Actually, Jan Mayen was never occupied by Germany during World War II,   # so it must have diverged from Oslo time during the war, as Oslo was   # keeping Berlin time.   #   # <http://home.no.net/janmayen/history.htm> says that the meteorologists   # burned down their station in 1940 and left the island, but returned in   # 1941 with a small Norwegian garrison and continued operations despite   # frequent air ttacks from Germans. In 1943 the Americans established a   # radiolocating station on the island, called "Atlantic City". Possibly - # the UTC offset changed during the war, but I think it unlikely that + # the UT offset changed during the war, but I think it unlikely that   # Jan Mayen used German daylight-saving rules.   #   # Svalbard is more complicated, as it was raided in August 1941 by an   # Allied party that evacuated the civilian population to England (says   # <http://www.bartleby.com/65/sv/Svalbard.html>). The Svalbard FAQ   # <http://www.svalbard.com/SvalbardFAQ.html> says that the Germans were   # expelled on 1942-05-14. However, small parties of Germans did return,   # and according to Wilhelm Dege's book "War North of 80" (1954)   # <http://www.ucalgary.ca/UofC/departments/UP/1-55238/1-55238-110-2.html>   # the German armed forces at the Svalbard weather station code-named   # Haudegen did not surrender to the Allies until September 1945.   # - # All these events predate our cutoff date of 1970. Unless we can - # come up with more definitive info about the timekeeping during the - # war years it's probably best just do...the following for now: + # All these events predate our cutoff date of 1970, so use Europe/Oslo + # for these regions.   Link Europe/Oslo Arctic/Longyearbyen      # Poland   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Poland 1918 1919 - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   Rule Poland 1919 only - Apr 15 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1944 only - Apr 3 2:00s 1:00 S   # Whitman gives 1944 Nov 30; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule Poland 1944 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -   # For 1944-1948 Whitman gives the previous day; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2137:   # except we follow Chernov's report that 1992 DST transitions were Sat   # 23:00, not Sun 02:00s.   #   # From Stanislaw A. Kuzikowski (1994-06-29):   # But now it is some months since Novosibirsk is 3 hours ahead of Moscow!   # I do not know why they have decided to make this change;   # as far as I remember it was done exactly during winter->summer switching   # so we (Novosibirsk) simply did not switch.   #   # From Andrey A. Chernov (1996-10-04): - # `MSK' and `MSD' were born and used initially on Moscow computers with + # 'MSK' and 'MSD' were born and used initially on Moscow computers with   # UNIX-like OSes by several developer groups (e.g. Demos group, Kiae group)....   # The next step was the UUCP network, the Relcom predecessor   # (used mainly for mail), and MSK/MSD was actively used there.   #   # From Chris Carrier (1996-10-30):   # According to a friend of mine who rode the Trans-Siberian Railroad from   # Moscow to Irkutsk in 1995, public air and rail transport in Russia ...   # still follows Moscow time, no matter where in Russia it is located.   #   # For Grozny, Chechnya, we have the following story from
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2436:   # Chukotskij avtonomnyj okrug   Zone Asia/Anadyr 11:49:56 - LMT 1924 May 2    12:00 - ANAT 1930 Jun 21 # Anadyr Time    13:00 Russia ANA%sT 1982 Apr 1 0:00s    12:00 Russia ANA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    11:00 Russia ANA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    12:00 Russia ANA%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s    11:00 Russia ANA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    12:00 - ANAT    + # San Marino + # See Europe/Rome. +    # Serbia   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Belgrade 1:22:00 - LMT 1884    1:00 - CET 1941 Apr 18 23:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945    1:00 - CET 1945 May 8 2:00s    1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Sep 16 2:00s   # Metod Kozelj reports that the legal date of   # transition to EU rules was 1982-11-27, for all of Yugoslavia at the time.   # Shanks & Pottenger don't give as much detail, so go with Kozelj.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2458:   Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Ljubljana # Slovenia   Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Podgorica # Montenegro   Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Sarajevo # Bosnia and Herzegovina   Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Skopje # Macedonia   Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Zagreb # Croatia      # Slovakia   Link Europe/Prague Europe/Bratislava      # Slovenia - # see Serbia + # See Europe/Belgrade.      # Spain   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   # For 1917-1919 Whitman gives Apr Sat>=1 - Oct Sat>=1;   # go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule Spain 1917 only - May 5 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Spain 1917 1919 - Oct 6 23:00s 0 -   Rule Spain 1918 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S   Rule Spain 1919 only - Apr 5 23:00s 1:00 S   # Whitman gives 1921 Feb 28 - Oct 14; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2592:    1:00 1:00 CEST 1916 Oct 1 01:00    1:00 - CET 1980    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Switzerland   # From Howse:   # By the end of the 18th century clocks and watches became commonplace   # and their performance improved enormously. Communities began to keep   # mean time in preference to apparent time -- Geneva from 1780 ....   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - # From Whitman (who writes ``Midnight?''): + # From Whitman (who writes "Midnight?"):   # Rule Swiss 1940 only - Nov 2 0:00 1:00 S   # Rule Swiss 1940 only - Dec 31 0:00 0 -   # From Shanks & Pottenger:   # Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S   # Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 0 -      # From Alois Treindl (2008-12-17):   # I have researched the DST usage in Switzerland during the 1940ies.   #   # As I wrote in an earlier message, I suspected the current tzdata values
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2637:   # false, no official document could be found. Probably Gabriel got misled   # by references to Germany, which introduced DST in 1916 for the first time.   #   # The tzdata rules for Switzerland must be changed to:   # Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - May Mon>=1 1:00 1:00 S   # Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Mon>=1 2:00 0 -   #   # The 1940 rules must be deleted.   #   # One further detail for Switzerland, which is probably out of scope for - # most users of tzdata: - # The zone file - # Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1848 Sep 12 - # 0:29:44 - BMT 1894 Jun #Bern Mean Time - # 1:00 Swiss CE%sT 1981 - # 1:00 EU CE%sT + # most users of tzdata: The [Europe/Zurich zone] ...   # describes all of Switzerland correctly, with the exception of   # the Cantone Geneve (Geneva, Genf). Between 1848 and 1894 Geneve did not   # follow Bern Mean Time but kept its own local mean time.   # To represent this, an extra zone would be needed. -  + # + # From Alois Treindl (2013-09-11): + # The Federal regulations say + # http://www.admin.ch/opc/de/classified-compilation/20071096/index.html + # ... the meridian for Bern mean time ... is 7 degrees 26'22.50". + # Expressed in time, it is 0h29m45.5s.    -  + # From Pierre-Yves Berger (2013-09-11): + # the "Circulaire du conseil federal" (December 11 1893) + # <http://www.amtsdruckschriften.bar.admin.ch/viewOrigDoc.do?id=10071353> ... + # clearly states that the [1894-06-01] change should be done at midnight + # but if no one is present after 11 at night, could be postponed until one + # hour before the beginning of service. +  + # From Paul Eggert (2013-09-11): + # Round BMT to the nearest even second, 0:29:46. + # + # We can find no reliable source for Shanks's assertion that all of Switzerland + # except Geneva switched to Bern Mean Time at 00:00 on 1848-09-12. This book: + # + # Jakob Messerli. Gleichmassig, punktlich, schnell: Zeiteinteilung und + # Zeitgebrauch in der Schweiz im 19. Jahrhundert. Chronos, Zurich 1995, + # ISBN 3-905311-68-2, OCLC 717570797. + # + # suggests that the transition was more gradual, and that the Swiss did not + # agree about civil time during the transition. The timekeeping it gives the + # most detail for is postal and telegraph time: here, federal legislation (the + # "Bundesgesetz uber die Erstellung von elektrischen Telegraphen") passed on + # 1851-11-23, and an official implementation notice was published 1853-07-16 + # (Bundesblatt 1853, Bd. II, S. 859). On p 72 Messerli writes that in + # practice since July 1853 Bernese time was used in "all postal and telegraph + # offices in Switzerland from Geneva to St. Gallen and Basel to Chiasso" + # (Google translation). For now, model this transition as occurring on + # 1853-07-16, though it probably occurred at some other date in Zurich, and + # legal civil time probably changed at still some other transition date. +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - May Mon>=1 1:00 1:00 S   Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Mon>=1 2:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1848 Sep 12 -  0:29:44 - BMT 1894 Jun # Bern Mean Time + Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1853 Jul 16 # See above comment. +  0:29:46 - BMT 1894 Jun # Bern Mean Time    1:00 Swiss CE%sT 1981    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Turkey      # From Amar Devegowda (2007-01-03):   # The time zone rules for Istanbul, Turkey have not been changed for years now.   # ... The latest rules are available at -   # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/timezone.html?n=107   # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-01-03):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2772:    2:00 Turkey EE%sT 1978 Oct 15    3:00 Turkey TR%sT 1985 Apr 20 # Turkey Time    2:00 Turkey EE%sT 2007    2:00 EU EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 1:00u    2:00 - EET 2011 Mar 28 1:00u    2:00 EU EE%sT   Link Europe/Istanbul Asia/Istanbul # Istanbul is in both continents.      # Ukraine   # - # From Igor Karpov, who works for the Ukranian Ministry of Justice, + # From Igor Karpov, who works for the Ukrainian Ministry of Justice,   # via Garrett Wollman (2003-01-27): - # BTW, I've found the official document on this matter. It's goverment + # BTW, I've found the official document on this matter. It's government   # regulations number 509, May 13, 1996. In my poor translation it says:   # "Time in Ukraine is set to second timezone (Kiev time). Each last Sunday   # of March at 3am the time is changing to 4am and each last Sunday of   # October the time at 4am is changing to 3am"      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-09-20):   # On September 20, 2011 the deputies of the Verkhovna Rada agreed to   # abolish the transfer clock to winter time.   #   # Bill number 8330 of MP from the Party of Regions Oleg Nadoshi got
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2808:   # <a href="http://www.pravda.com.ua/rus/news/2011/09/20/6600616/">   # http://www.pravda.com.ua/rus/news/2011/09/20/6600616/   # </a>   #   # From Philip Pizzey (2011-10-18):   # Today my Ukrainian colleagues have informed me that the   # Ukrainian parliament have decided that they will go to winter   # time this year after all.   #   # From Udo Schwedt (2011-10-18): - # As far as I understand, the recent change to the Ukranian time zone + # As far as I understand, the recent change to the Ukrainian time zone   # (Europe/Kiev) to introduce permanent daylight saving time (similar   # to Russia) was reverted today:   #   # <a href="http://portal.rada.gov.ua/rada/control/en/publish/article/info_left?art_id=287324&cat_id=105995">   # http://portal.rada.gov.ua/rada/control/en/publish/article/info_left?art_id=287324&cat_id=105995   # </a>   #   # Also reported by Alexander Bokovoy (2011-10-18) who also noted:   # The law documents themselves are at   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2877:    2:16 - SMT 1924 May 2 # Simferopol Mean T    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21    3:00 - MSK 1941 Nov    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Apr 13    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990    3:00 - MSK 1990 Jul 1 2:00    2:00 - EET 1992   # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # The _Economist_ (1994-05-28, p 45) reports that central Crimea switched   # from Kiev to Moscow time sometime after the January 1994 elections. - # Shanks (1999) says ``date of change uncertain'', but implies that it happened + # Shanks (1999) says "date of change uncertain", but implies that it happened   # sometime between the 1994 DST switches. Shanks & Pottenger simply say   # 1994-09-25 03:00, but that can't be right. For now, guess it   # changed in May.    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1994 May   # From IATA SSIM (1994/1997), which also says that Kerch is still like Kiev.    3:00 E-Eur MSK/MSD 1996 Mar 31 3:00s    3:00 1:00 MSD 1996 Oct 27 3:00s   # IATA SSIM (1997-09) says Crimea switched to EET/EEST.   # Assume it happened in March by not changing the clocks.    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1997    3:00 - MSK 1997 Mar lastSun 1:00u    2:00 EU EE%sT    -  + # Vatican City + # See Europe/Rome. +    ###############################################################################      # One source shows that Bulgaria, Cyprus, Finland, and Greece observe DST from   # the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in September in 1986.   # The source shows Romania changing a day later than everybody else.   #   # According to Bernard Sieloff's source, Poland is in the MET time zone but   # uses the WE DST rules. The Western USSR uses EET+1 and ME DST rules.   # Bernard Sieloff's source claims Romania switches on the same day, but at   # 00:00 standard time (i.e., 01:00 DST). It also claims that Turkey