pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / europe

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:30:   #   # Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,   # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated),   # which I found in the UCLA library.   #   # William Willett, The Waste of Daylight, 19th edition   # <http://cs.ucla.edu/~eggert/The-Waste-of-Daylight-19th.pdf>   # [PDF] (1914-03)   #   # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94 - # <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>. He writes: + # <https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>. He writes:   # "It is requested that corrections and additions to these tables   # may be sent to Mr. John Milne, Royal Geographical Society,   # Savile Row, London." Nowadays please email them to tz@iana.org.   #   # Byalokoz EL. New Counting of Time in Russia since July 1, 1919.   # This Russian-language source was consulted by Vladimir Karpinsky; see - # http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-August/021320.html + # https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-August/021320.html   # The full Russian citation is:   # Бялокоз, Евгений Людвигович. Новый счет времени в течении суток   # введенный декретом Совета народных комиссаров для всей России с 1-го   # июля 1919 г. / Изд. 2-е Междуведомственной комиссии. - Петроград:   # Десятая гос. тип., 1919.   # http://resolver.gpntb.ru/purl?docushare/dsweb/Get/Resource-2011/Byalokoz__E.L.__Novyy__schet__vremeni__v__techenie__sutok__izd__2(1).pdf   #   # Brazil's Divisão Serviço da Hora (DSHO),   # History of Summer Time   # <http://pcdsh01.on.br/HISTHV.htm>
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:180:   # which is permanently set to Summer Time.      # From Winston Churchill (1934-04-28):   # It is one of the paradoxes of history that we should owe the boon of   # summer time, which gives every year to the people of this country   # between 160 and 170 hours more daylight leisure, to a war which   # plunged Europe into darkness for four years, and shook the   # foundations of civilization throughout the world.   # -- "A Silent Toast to William Willett", Pictorial Weekly;   # republished in Finest Hour (Spring 2002) 1(114):26 - # http://www.winstonchurchill.org/images/finesthour/Vol.01%20No.114.pdf + # https://www.winstonchurchill.org/publications/finest-hour/finest-hour-114/a-silent-toast-to-william-willett-by-winston-s-churchill      # From Paul Eggert (2015-08-08):   # The OED Supplement says that the English originally said "Daylight Saving"   # when they were debating the adoption of DST in 1908; but by 1916 this   # term appears only in quotes taken from DST's opponents, whereas the   # proponents (who eventually won the argument) are quoted as using "Summer".   # The term "Summer Time" was introduced by Herbert Samuel, Home Secretary; see:   # Viscount Samuel. Leisure in a Democracy. Cambridge University Press   # ISBN 978-1-107-49471-8 (1949, reissued 2015), p 8.   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:218:   # ... some military cables (WO 219/4100 - this is a copy from the   # main SHAEF archives held in the US National Archives, SHAEF/5252/8/516)   # agree that the usage is BDST (this appears in a message dated 17 Feb 1945).      # From Joseph S. Myers (2000-10-03):   # On 18th April 1941, Sir Stephen Tallents of the BBC wrote to Sir   # Alexander Maxwell of the Home Office asking whether there was any   # official designation; the reply of the 21st was that there wasn't   # but he couldn't think of anything better than the "Double British   # Summer Time" that the BBC had been using informally. - # http://www.polyomino.org.uk/british-time/bbc-19410418.png - # http://www.polyomino.org.uk/british-time/ho-19410421.png + # https://www.polyomino.org.uk/british-time/bbc-19410418.png + # https://www.polyomino.org.uk/british-time/ho-19410421.png      # From Sir Alexander Maxwell in the above-mentioned letter (1941-04-21):   # [N]o official designation has as far as I know been adopted for the time   # which is to be introduced in May....   # I cannot think of anything better than "Double British Summer Time"   # which could not be said to run counter to any official description.      # From Paul Eggert (2000-10-02):   # Howse writes (p 157) 'DBST' too, but 'BDST' seems to have been common   # and follows the more usual convention of putting the location name first,   # so we use 'BDST'.      # Peter Ilieve (1998-04-19) described at length   # the history of summer time legislation in the United Kingdom.   # Since 1998 Joseph S. Myers has been updating   # and extending this list, which can be found in - # http://www.polyomino.org.uk/british-time/ + # https://www.polyomino.org.uk/british-time/      # From Joseph S. Myers (1998-01-06):   #   # The legal time in the UK outside of summer time is definitely GMT, not UTC;   # see Lord Tanlaw's speech - # http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld199798/ldhansrd/vo970611/text/70611-10.htm#70611-10_head0 + # https://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld199798/ldhansrd/vo970611/text/70611-10.htm#70611-10_head0   # (Lords Hansard 11 June 1997 columns 964 to 976).      # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   #   # For lack of other data, follow Shanks & Pottenger for Eire in 1940-1948.   #   # Given Ilieve and Myers's data, the following claims by Shanks & Pottenger   # are incorrect:   # * Wales did not switch from GMT to daylight saving time until   # 1921 Apr 3, when they began to conform with the rest of Great Britain.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:288:   #   # "Timeball on the ballast office is down. Dunsink time."   # -- James Joyce, Ulysses      # "Countess Markievicz ... claimed that the [1916] abolition of Dublin Mean Time   # was among various actions undertaken by the 'English' government that   # would 'put the whole country into the SF (Sinn Féin) camp'. She claimed   # Irish 'public feeling (was) outraged by forcing of English time on us'."   # -- Parsons M. Dublin lost its time zone - and 25 minutes - after 1916 Rising.   # Irish Times 2014-10-27. - # http://www.irishtimes.com/news/politics/dublin-lost-its-time-zone-and-25-minutes-after-1916-rising-1.1977411 + # https://www.irishtimes.com/news/politics/dublin-lost-its-time-zone-and-25-minutes-after-1916-rising-1.1977411      # From Joseph S. Myers (2005-01-26):   # Irish laws are available online at <http://www.irishstatutebook.ie>.   # These include various relating to legal time, for example:   #   # ZZA13Y1923.html ZZA12Y1924.html ZZA8Y1925.html ZZSIV20PG1267.html   #   # ZZSI71Y1947.html ZZSI128Y1948.html ZZSI23Y1949.html ZZSI41Y1950.html   # ZZSI27Y1951.html ZZSI73Y1952.html   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:341:   # This is a borderline case, but for now let's stick to GMT/BST.      # From an anonymous contributor (1996-06-02):   # The law governing time in Ireland is under Statutory Instrument SI 395/94,   # which gives force to European Union 7th Council Directive No. 94/21/EC.   # Under this directive, the Minister for Justice in Ireland makes appropriate   # regulations. I spoke this morning with the Secretary of the Department of   # Justice (tel +353 1 678 9711) who confirmed to me that the correct name is   # "Irish Summer Time", abbreviated to "IST".    + # Michael Deckers (2017-06-01) gave the following URLs for Ireland's + # Summer Time Act, 1925 and Summer Time Orders, 1926 and 1947: + # http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/eli/1925/act/8/enacted/en/print.html + # http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/eli/1926/sro/919/made/en/print.html + # http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/eli/1947/sro/71/made/en/print.html +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   # Summer Time Act, 1916   Rule GB-Eire 1916 only - May 21 2:00s 1:00 BST   Rule GB-Eire 1916 only - Oct 1 2:00s 0 GMT   # S.R.&O. 1917, No. 358   Rule GB-Eire 1917 only - Apr 8 2:00s 1:00 BST   Rule GB-Eire 1917 only - Sep 17 2:00s 0 GMT   # S.R.&O. 1918, No. 274   Rule GB-Eire 1918 only - Mar 24 2:00s 1:00 BST   Rule GB-Eire 1918 only - Sep 30 2:00s 0 GMT
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:465:    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Oct 27    1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996    0:00 EU GMT/BST   Link Europe/London Europe/Jersey   Link Europe/London Europe/Guernsey   Link Europe/London Europe/Isle_of_Man      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Dublin -0:25:00 - LMT 1880 Aug 2 -  -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00 # Dublin MT +  -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00s # Dublin MT    -0:25:21 1:00 IST 1916 Oct 1 2:00s    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1921 Dec 6 # independence -  0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1940 Feb 25 2:00 -  0:00 1:00 IST 1946 Oct 6 2:00 -  0:00 - GMT 1947 Mar 16 2:00 -  0:00 1:00 IST 1947 Nov 2 2:00 -  0:00 - GMT 1948 Apr 18 2:00 +  0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1940 Feb 25 2:00s +  0:00 1:00 IST 1946 Oct 6 2:00s +  0:00 - GMT 1947 Mar 16 2:00s +  0:00 1:00 IST 1947 Nov 2 2:00s +  0:00 - GMT 1948 Apr 18 2:00s    0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1968 Oct 27    1:00 - IST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u    0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1996    0:00 EU GMT/IST      ###############################################################################      # Europe      # EU rules are for the European Union, previously known as the EC, EEC,
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:618:   #   Rule Russia 1996 2010 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -   # As described below, Russia's 2014 change affects Zone data, not Rule data.      # From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):   # Wikipedia and other sources refer to the Act of the Council of   # Ministers of the USSR from 1988-01-04 No. 5 and the Act of the   # Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1989-03-14 No. 227.   #   # I did not find full texts of these acts. For the 1989 one we have - # title at http://base.garant.ru/70754136/ : + # title at https://base.garant.ru/70754136/ :   # "About change in calculation of time on the territories of   # Lithuanian SSR, Latvian SSR and Estonian SSR, Astrakhan,   # Kaliningrad, Kirov, Kuybyshev, Ulyanovsk and Uralsk oblasts".   # And http://astrozet.net/files/Zones/DOC/RU/1980-925.txt appears to   # contain quotes from both acts: Since last Sunday of March 1988 rules   # of the second time belt are installed in Volgograd and Saratov   # oblasts. Since last Sunday of March 1989:   # a) Lithuanian SSR, Latvian SSR, Estonian SSR, Kaliningrad oblast:   # second time belt rules without extra hour (Moscow-1);   # b) Astrakhan, Kirov, Kuybyshev, Ulyanovsk oblasts: second time belt
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:649:      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-06-14):   # According to Kremlin press service, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev   # signed a federal law "On calculation of time" on June 9, 2011.   # According to the law Russia is abolishing daylight saving time.   #   # Medvedev signed a law "On the Calculation of Time" (in russian):   # http://bmockbe.ru/events/?ID=7583   #   # Medvedev signed a law on the calculation of the time (in russian): - # http://www.regnum.ru/news/polit/1413906.html + # https://www.regnum.ru/news/polit/1413906.html      # From Arthur David Olson (2011-06-15):   # Take "abolishing daylight saving time" to mean that time is now considered   # to be standard.      # These are for backward compatibility with older versions.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone WET 0:00 EU WE%sT   Zone CET 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:776:   # on last Sunday of March and backward at 3:00 on last Sunday of September   # (the same as previous USSR and contemporary Russian regulations).   #   # From Yauhen Kharuzhy (2011-09-16):   # By latest Belarus government act Europe/Minsk timezone was changed to   # GMT+3 without DST (was GMT+2 with DST).   #   # Sources (Russian language):   # http://www.belta.by/ru/all_news/society/V-Belarusi-otmenjaetsja-perexod-na-sezonnoe-vremja_i_572952.html   # http://naviny.by/rubrics/society/2011/09/16/ic_articles_116_175144/ - # http://news.tut.by/society/250578.html + # https://news.tut.by/society/250578.html   #   # From Alexander Bokovoy (2014-10-09):   # Belarussian government decided against changing to winter time....   # http://eng.belta.by/all_news/society/Belarus-decides-against-adjusting-time-in-Russias-wake_i_76335.html   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Minsk 1:50:16 - LMT 1880    1:50 - MMT 1924 May 2 # Minsk Mean Time    2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21    3:00 - MSK 1941 Jun 28
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1097:   # From Peter Ilieve (1998-11-04), heavily edited:   # The 1998-09-22 Estonian time law   # http://trip.rk.ee/cgi-bin/thw?${BASE}=akt&${OOHTML}=rtd&TA=1998&TO=1&AN=1390   # refers to the Eighth Directive and cites the association agreement between   # the EU and Estonia, ratified by the Estonian law (RT II 1995, 22-27, 120).   #   # I also asked [my relative] whether they use any standard abbreviation   # for their standard and summer times. He says no, they use "suveaeg"   # (summer time) and "talveaeg" (winter time).    - # From The Baltic Times <http://www.baltictimes.com/> (1999-09-09) + # From The Baltic Times <https://www.baltictimes.com/> (1999-09-09)   # via Steffen Thorsen:   # This year will mark the last time Estonia shifts to summer time,   # a council of the ruling coalition announced Sept. 6....   # But what this could mean for Estonia's chances of joining the European   # Union are still unclear. In 1994, the EU declared summer time compulsory   # for all member states until 2001. Brussels has yet to decide what to do   # after that.      # From Mart Oruaas (2000-01-29):   # Regulation No. 301 (1999-10-12) obsoletes previous regulation
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1149:   # From Janne Snabb (2010-07-15):   #   # I noticed that the Finland data is not accurate for years 1981 and 1982.   # During these two first trial years the DST adjustment was made one hour   # earlier than in forthcoming years. Starting 1983 the adjustment was made   # according to the central European standards.   #   # This is documented in Heikki Oja: Aikakirja 2007, published by The Almanac   # Office of University of Helsinki, ISBN 952-10-3221-9, available online (in   # Finnish) at - # http://almanakka.helsinki.fi/aikakirja/Aikakirja2007kokonaan.pdf + # https://almanakka.helsinki.fi/aikakirja/Aikakirja2007kokonaan.pdf   #   # Page 105 (56 in PDF version) has a handy table of all past daylight savings   # transitions. It is easy enough to interpret without Finnish skills.   #   # This is also confirmed by Finnish Broadcasting Company's archive at:   # http://www.yle.fi/elavaarkisto/?s=s&g=1&ag=5&t=&a=3401   #   # The news clip from 1981 says that "the time between 2 and 3 o'clock does not   # exist tonight."      # From Konstantin Hyppönen (2014-06-13):   # [Heikki Oja's book Aikakirja 2013] - # http://almanakka.helsinki.fi/images/aikakirja/Aikakirja2013kokonaan.pdf + # https://almanakka.helsinki.fi/images/aikakirja/Aikakirja2013kokonaan.pdf   # pages 104-105, including a scan from a newspaper published on Apr 2 1942   # say that ... [o]n Apr 2 1942, 24 o'clock (which means Apr 3 1942,   # 00:00), clocks were moved one hour forward. The newspaper   # mentions "on the night from Thursday to Friday"....   # On Oct 4 1942, clocks were moved at 1:00 one hour backwards.   #   # From Paul Eggert (2014-06-14):   # Go with Oja over Shanks.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1292:      # Germany      # From Markus Kuhn (1998-09-29):   # The German time zone web site by the Physikalisch-Technische   # Bundesanstalt contains DST information back to 1916.   # [See tz-link.htm for the URL.]      # From Jörg Schilling (2002-10-23):   # In 1945, Berlin was switched to Moscow Summer time (GMT+4) by - # http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/biografien/BersarinNikolai/ + # https://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/biografien/BersarinNikolai/   # General [Nikolai] Bersarin.      # From Paul Eggert (2003-03-08):   # http://www.parlament-berlin.de/pds-fraktion.nsf/727459127c8b66ee8525662300459099/defc77cb784f180ac1256c2b0030274b/$FILE/bersarint.pdf   # says that Bersarin issued an order to use Moscow time on May 20.   # However, Moscow did not observe daylight saving in 1945, so   # this was equivalent to UT +03, not +04.         # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1517:   # From Brian Inglis (2016-10-23):   # Viceregal LEGISLATIVE DECREE. 14 September 1944, no. 219.   # Restoration of Standard Time. (044U0219) (OJ 62 of 30.9.1944) ...   # Given the R. law decreed on 1944-03-29, no. 92, by which standard time is   # advanced to sixty minutes later starting at hour two on 1944-04-02; ...   # Starting at hour three on the date 1944-09-17 standard time will be resumed.   #   # From Paul Eggert (2016-10-27):   # Go with INRiM for DST rules, except as corrected by Inglis for 1944   # for the Kingdom of Italy. This is consistent with Renzo Baldini. - # Model Rome's occupation by using using C-Eur rules from 1943-09-10 + # Model Rome's occupation by using C-Eur rules from 1943-09-10   # to 1944-06-04; although Rome was an open city during this period, it   # was effectively controlled by Germany.   #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Italy 1916 only - Jun 3 24:00 1:00 S   Rule Italy 1916 1917 - Sep 30 24:00 0 -   Rule Italy 1917 only - Mar 31 24:00 1:00 S   Rule Italy 1918 only - Mar 9 24:00 1:00 S   Rule Italy 1918 only - Oct 6 24:00 0 -   Rule Italy 1919 only - Mar 1 24:00 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1832:   #   # (which agrees with the earlier entry that had been removed)   #   # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-10-26)   # NO need to divide Moldova into two timezones at this point.   # As of today, Transnistria (Pridnestrovie)- Tiraspol reversed its own   # decision to abolish DST this winter.   # Following Moldova and neighboring Ukraine- Transnistria (Pridnestrovie)-   # Tiraspol will go back to winter time on October 30, 2011.   # News from Moldova (in russian): - # http://ru.publika.md/link_317061.html + # https://ru.publika.md/link_317061.html      # From Roman Tudos (2015-07-02):   # http://lex.justice.md/index.php?action=view&view=doc&lang=1&id=355077   # From Paul Eggert (2015-07-01):   # The abovementioned official link to IGO1445-868/2014 states that   # 2014-10-26's fallback transition occurred at 03:00 local time. Also, - # http://www.trm.md/en/social/la-30-martie-vom-trece-la-ora-de-vara + # https://www.trm.md/en/social/la-30-martie-vom-trece-la-ora-de-vara   # says the 2014-03-30 spring-forward transition was at 02:00 local time.   # Guess that since 1997 Moldova has switched one hour before the EU.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Moldova 1997 max - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S   Rule Moldova 1997 max - Oct lastSun 3:00 0 -      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Chisinau 1:55:20 - LMT 1880    1:55 - CMT 1918 Feb 15 # Chisinau MT
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1911:   # Leiden were also distributed by the telegraph system, I assume that most   # places linked up with the telegraph (and railway) system automatically   # adopted Amsterdam mean time.   #   # Although the early Dutch railway companies initially observed a variety   # of times, most of them had adopted Amsterdam mean time by 1858 but it   # was not until 1866 when they were all required by law to observe   # Amsterdam mean time.      # The data entries before 1945 are taken from - # http://www.staff.science.uu.nl/~gent0113/wettijd/wettijd.htm + # https://www.staff.science.uu.nl/~gent0113/wettijd/wettijd.htm      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Neth 1916 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 NST # Netherlands Summer Time   Rule Neth 1916 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 AMT # Amsterdam Mean Time   Rule Neth 1917 only - Apr 16 2:00s 1:00 NST   Rule Neth 1917 only - Sep 17 2:00s 0 AMT   Rule Neth 1918 1921 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00s 1:00 NST   Rule Neth 1918 1921 - Sep lastMon 2:00s 0 AMT   Rule Neth 1922 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 NST   Rule Neth 1922 1936 - Oct Sun>=2 2:00s 0 AMT
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1992:   # since 1921. Svalbard (Arctic/Longyearbyen) has been inhabited since   # before 1895, and therefore probably changed the local time somewhere   # between 1895 and 1925 (inclusive).      # From Paul Eggert (2013-09-04):   #   # Actually, Jan Mayen was never occupied by Germany during World War II,   # so it must have diverged from Oslo time during the war, as Oslo was   # keeping Berlin time.   # - # <http://home.no.net/janmayen/history.htm> says that the meteorologists + # <https://www.jan-mayen.no/history.htm> says that the meteorologists   # burned down their station in 1940 and left the island, but returned in   # 1941 with a small Norwegian garrison and continued operations despite   # frequent air attacks from Germans. In 1943 the Americans established a   # radiolocating station on the island, called "Atlantic City". Possibly   # the UT offset changed during the war, but I think it unlikely that   # Jan Mayen used German daylight-saving rules.   #   # Svalbard is more complicated, as it was raided in August 1941 by an   # Allied party that evacuated the civilian population to England (says   # <http://www.bartleby.com/65/sv/Svalbard.html>). The Svalbard FAQ
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2030:   Rule Poland 1918 1919 - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -   Rule Poland 1919 only - Apr 15 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1944 only - Apr 3 2:00s 1:00 S   # Whitman gives 1944 Nov 30; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule Poland 1944 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -   # For 1944-1948 Whitman gives the previous day; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule Poland 1945 only - Apr 29 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1945 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 -   # For 1946 on the source is Kazimierz Borkowski,   # Toruń Center for Astronomy, Dept. of Radio Astronomy, Nicolaus Copernicus U., - # http://www.astro.uni.torun.pl/~kb/Artykuly/U-PA/Czas2.htm#tth_tAb1 + # https://www.astro.uni.torun.pl/~kb/Artykuly/U-PA/Czas2.htm#tth_tAb1   # Thanks to Przemysław Augustyniak (2005-05-28) for this reference.   # He also gives these further references:   # Mon Pol nr 13, poz 162 (1995) <http://www.abc.com.pl/serwis/mp/1995/0162.htm>   # Druk nr 2180 (2003) <http://www.senat.gov.pl/k5/dok/sejm/053/2180.pdf>   Rule Poland 1946 only - Apr 14 0:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1946 only - Oct 7 2:00s 0 -   Rule Poland 1947 only - May 4 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1947 1949 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Poland 1948 only - Apr 18 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Poland 1949 only - Apr 10 2:00s 1:00 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2064:    1:00 Poland CE%sT 1940 Jun 23 2:00    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Oct    1:00 Poland CE%sT 1977    1:00 W-Eur CE%sT 1988    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Portugal   #   # From Paul Eggert (2014-08-11), after a heads-up from Stephen Colebourne:   # According to a Portuguese decree (1911-05-26) - # http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf + # https://dre.pt/application/dir/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf   # Lisbon was at -0:36:44.68, but switched to GMT on 1912-01-01 at 00:00.   # Round the old offset to -0:36:45. This agrees with Willett but disagrees   # with Shanks, who says the transition occurred on 1911-05-24 at 00:00 for   # Europe/Lisbon, Atlantic/Azores, and Atlantic/Madeira.   #   # From Rui Pedro Salgueiro (1992-11-12):   # Portugal has recently (September, 27) changed timezone   # (from WET to MET or CET) to harmonize with EEC.   #   # Martin Bruckmann (1996-02-29) reports via Peter Ilieve
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2246:   # From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09):   # Regarding the instant when clocks in time-zone-shifting parts of Russia   # changed in September 2011:   #   # One source is   # http://government.ru/gov/results/16355/   # which, according to translate.google.com, begins "Decree of August 31,   # 2011 No. 725" and contains no other dates or "effective date" information.   #   # Another source is - # http://www.rg.ru/2011/09/06/chas-zona-dok.html + # https://rg.ru/2011/09/06/chas-zona-dok.html   # which, according to translate.google.com, begins "Resolution of the   # Government of the Russian Federation on August 31, 2011 N 725" and also   # contains "Date first official publication: September 6, 2011 Posted on:   # in the 'RG' - Federal Issue No. 5573 September 6, 2011" but which   # does not contain any "effective date" information.   #   # Another source is - # http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oymyakonsky_District#cite_note-RuTime-7 + # https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oymyakonsky_District#cite_note-RuTime-7   # which, in note 8, contains "Resolution No. 725 of August 31, 2011...   # Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication"   # but which does not contain any reference to September 6, 2011.   #   # The Wikipedia article refers to   # http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=LAW;n=118896   # which seems to copy the text of the government.ru page.   #   # Tobias Conradi combines Wikipedia's   # "as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication"
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2290:   # Here is a link where we put together table (based on approved Bill N   # 431985-6) with proposed 11 Russian time zones and corresponding   # areas/cities/administrative centers in the Russian Federation (in English):   # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia65.html   #   # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2014-07-22):   # Putin signed the Federal Law 431985-6 ... (in Russian)   # http://itar-tass.com/obschestvo/1333711   # http://www.pravo.gov.ru:8080/page.aspx?111660   # http://www.kremlin.ru/acts/46279 - # From October 26, 2014 the new Russian time zone map will looks like this: + # From October 26, 2014 the new Russian time zone map will look like this:   # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia-map-2014-07.html      # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # Moscow time zone abbreviations after 1919-07-01, and Moscow rules after 1991,   # are from Andrey A. Chernov. The rest is from Shanks & Pottenger,   # except we follow Chernov's report that 1992 DST transitions were Sat   # 23:00, not Sun 02:00s.   #   # From Stanislaw A. Kuzikowski (1994-06-29):   # But now it is some months since Novosibirsk is 3 hours ahead of Moscow!
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2337:   # until February 1997, and then in RU9 with Khabarovsk and Vladivostok   # since September 1997.... Although the Kuril Islands are   # administratively part of Sakhalin oblast', they appear to have   # remained on UTC+11 along with Magadan.      # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06):   # The comments detailing the coverage of each Russian zone are meant to assist   # with maintenance only and represent our best guesses as to which regions   # are covered by each zone. They are not meant to be taken as an authoritative   # listing. The region codes listed come from - # http://en.wikipedia.org/w/?title=Federal_subjects_of_Russia&oldid=611810498 + # https://en.wikipedia.org/w/?title=Federal_subjects_of_Russia&oldid=611810498   # and are used for convenience only; no guarantees are made regarding their   # future stability. ISO 3166-2:RU codes are also listed for first-level   # divisions where available.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]         # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):   # Europe/Kaliningrad covers...   # 39 RU-KGD Kaliningrad Oblast
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2502:   # There were some exceptions, though.   # Wikipedia says newspapers listed Astrakhan, Saratov, Kirov, Volgograd,   # Izhevsk, Grozny, Kazan and Samara as such exceptions for the 1992   # change. (Different newspapers providing different lists. And some   # lists found in the internet are quite wild.)   #   # And apparently some exceptions were reverted in the last moment.   # http://www.kaliningradka.ru/site_pc/cherez/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=40091   # says that Kaliningrad decided not to be an exception 2 days before the   # 1991-03-31 switch and one person at - # http://izhevsk.ru/forum_light_message/50/682597-m8369040.html + # https://izhevsk.ru/forum_light_message/50/682597-m8369040.html   # says he remembers that Samara opted out of the 1992-01-19 exception   # 2 days before the switch.   #   #   # From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):   # Given the above, we appear to be missing some Zone entries for the   # chaotic early 1980s in Russia. It's not clear what these entries   # should be. For now, sweep this under the rug and just document the   # time in Moscow.   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2574:    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1994 May   # From IATA SSIM (1994/1997), which also says that Kerch is still like Kiev.    3:00 E-Eur MSK/MSD 1996 Mar 31 0:00s    3:00 1:00 MSD 1996 Oct 27 3:00s   # IATA SSIM (1997-09) says Crimea switched to EET/EEST.   # Assume it happened in March by not changing the clocks.    3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1997    3:00 - MSK 1997 Mar lastSun 1:00u   # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2014-03-17):   # time change at 2:00 (2am) on March 30, 2014 - # http://vz.ru/news/2014/3/17/677464.html + # https://vz.ru/news/2014/3/17/677464.html   # From Paul Eggert (2014-03-30):   # Simferopol and Sevastopol reportedly changed their central town clocks   # late the previous day, but this appears to have been ceremonial   # and the discrepancies are small enough to not worry about.    2:00 EU EE%sT 2014 Mar 30 2:00    4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s    3:00 - MSK         # From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2757:   # 22 RU-ALT Altai Krai      # Data before 1991 are from Shanks & Pottenger.      # From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):   # Letter of Bank of Russia from 1995-05-25   # http://www.bestpravo.ru/rossijskoje/lj-akty/y3a.htm   # suggests that Altai Republic transitioned to Moscow+3 on   # 1995-05-28.   # - # http://regnum.ru/news/society/1957270.html + # https://regnum.ru/news/society/1957270.html   # has some historical data for Altai Krai:   # before 1957: west part on UTC+6, east on UTC+7   # after 1957: UTC+7   # since 1995: UTC+6   # http://barnaul.rusplt.ru/index/pochemu_altajskij_kraj_okazalsja_v_neprivychnom_chasovom_pojase-17648.html   # confirms that and provides more details including 1995-05-28 transition date.      # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2016-02-17):   # Altai Krai and Altai Republic on their way to change time zones   # by March 27, 2016 at 2am....
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3131:      # From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06):   # Assume North Kuril Islands have history like Magadan before 2011-03-27.   # There is a decent chance this is wrong, in which case a new zone   # Asia/Severo-Kurilsk would become necessary.   #   # Srednekolymsk and Zyryanka are the most populous places amongst these   # districts, but have very similar populations. In fact, Wikipedia currently   # lists them both as having 3528 people, exactly 1668 males and 1860 females   # each! (Yikes!) - # http://en.wikipedia.org/w/?title=Srednekolymsky_District&oldid=603435276 - # http://en.wikipedia.org/w/?title=Verkhnekolymsky_District&oldid=594378493 + # https://en.wikipedia.org/w/?title=Srednekolymsky_District&oldid=603435276 + # https://en.wikipedia.org/w/?title=Verkhnekolymsky_District&oldid=594378493   # Assume this is a mistake, albeit an amusing one.   #   # Looking at censuses, the populations of the two municipalities seem to have   # fluctuated recently. Zyryanka was more populous than Srednekolymsk in the   # 1989 and 2002 censuses, but Srednekolymsk was more populous in the most   # recent (2010) census, 3525 to 3170. (See pages 195 and 197 of   # http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/Documents/Vol1/pub-01-05.pdf   # in Russian.) In addition, Srednekolymsk appears to be a much older   # settlement and the population of Zyryanka seems to be declining.   # Go with Srednekolymsk.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3453:   #   # One further detail for Switzerland, which is probably out of scope for   # most users of tzdata: The [Europe/Zurich zone] ...   # describes all of Switzerland correctly, with the exception of   # the Canton de Genève (Geneva, Genf). Between 1848 and 1894 Geneva did not   # follow Bern Mean Time but kept its own local mean time.   # To represent this, an extra zone would be needed.   #   # From Alois Treindl (2013-09-11):   # The Federal regulations say - # http://www.admin.ch/opc/de/classified-compilation/20071096/index.html + # https://www.admin.ch/opc/de/classified-compilation/20071096/index.html   # ... the meridian for Bern mean time ... is 7 degrees 26' 22.50".   # Expressed in time, it is 0h29m45.5s.      # From Pierre-Yves Berger (2013-09-11):   # the "Circulaire du conseil fédéral" (December 11 1893)   # http://www.amtsdruckschriften.bar.admin.ch/viewOrigDoc.do?id=10071353   # clearly states that the [1894-06-01] change should be done at midnight   # but if no one is present after 11 at night, could be postponed until one   # hour before the beginning of service.   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3530:   # The official document is located here - it is in Turkish...:   # http://rega.basbakanlik.gov.tr/eskiler/2007/03/20070307-7.htm   # I was able to locate the following seemingly official document   # (on a non-government server though) describing dates between 2002 and 2006:   # http://www.alomaliye.com/bkk_2002_3769.htm      # From Gökdeniz Karadağ (2011-03-10):   # According to the articles linked below, Turkey will change into summer   # time zone (GMT+3) on March 28, 2011 at 3:00 a.m. instead of March 27.   # This change is due to a nationwide exam on 27th. - # http://www.worldbulletin.net/?aType=haber&ArticleID=70872 + # https://www.worldbulletin.net/?aType=haber&ArticleID=70872   # Turkish: - # http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/ekonomi/17230464.asp?gid=373 + # https://www.hurriyet.com.tr/yaz-saati-uygulamasi-bir-gun-ileri-alindi-17230464      # From Faruk Pasin (2014-02-14):   # The DST for Turkey has been changed for this year because of the   # Turkish Local election....   # http://www.sabah.com.tr/Ekonomi/2014/02/12/yaz-saatinde-onemli-degisiklik   # ... so Turkey will move clocks forward one hour on March 31 at 3:00 a.m.   # From Randal L. Schwartz (2014-04-15):   # Having landed on a flight from the states to Istanbul (via AMS) on March 31,   # I can tell you that NOBODY (even the airlines) respected this timezone DST   # change delay. Maybe the word just didn't get out in time.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:3668:   # Bill No. 8330 of MP from the Party of Regions Oleg Nadoshi got   # approval from 266 deputies.   #   # Ukraine abolishes transfer back to the winter time (in Russian)   # http://news.mail.ru/politics/6861560/   #   # The Ukrainians will no longer change the clock (in Russian)   # http://www.segodnya.ua/news/14290482.html   #   # Deputies cancelled the winter time (in Russian) - # http://www.pravda.com.ua/rus/news/2011/09/20/6600616/ + # https://www.pravda.com.ua/rus/news/2011/09/20/6600616/   #   # From Philip Pizzey (2011-10-18):   # Today my Ukrainian colleagues have informed me that the   # Ukrainian parliament have decided that they will go to winter   # time this year after all.   #   # From Udo Schwedt (2011-10-18):   # As far as I understand, the recent change to the Ukrainian time zone   # (Europe/Kiev) to introduce permanent daylight saving time (similar   # to Russia) was reverted today: