pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / europe

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1:   # <pre> - # @(#)europe 8.41 +    # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of   # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.      # This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,   # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to - # tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future). + # tz@iana.org for general use in the future).      # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is   # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),   # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).   #   # Gwillim Law writes that a good source   # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport   # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),   # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:24:   # Other sources occasionally used include:   #   # Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,   # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated),   # which I found in the UCLA library.   #   # <a href="http://www.pettswoodvillage.co.uk/Daylight_Savings_William_Willett.pdf">   # William Willett, The Waste of Daylight, 19th edition   # </a> (1914-03)   # + # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94 + # <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>. He writes: + # "It is requested that corrections and additions to these tables + # may be sent to Mr. John Milne, Royal Geographical Society, + # Savile Row, London." Nowadays please email them to tz@iana.org. + #   # Brazil's Departamento Servico da Hora (DSH),   # <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HISTHV.htm">   # History of Summer Time   # </a> (1998-09-21, in Portuguese)      #   # I invented the abbreviations marked `*' in the following table;   # the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.   # Corrections are welcome!   # std dst 2dst
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:660:      # Andorra   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Andorra 0:06:04 - LMT 1901    0:00 - WET 1946 Sep 30    1:00 - CET 1985 Mar 31 2:00    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Austria    + # Milne says Vienna time was 1:05:21. +    # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): Shanks & Pottenger give 1918-06-16 and   # 1945-11-18, but the Austrian Federal Office of Metrology and   # Surveying (BEV) gives 1918-09-16 and for Vienna gives the "alleged"   # date of 1945-04-12 with no time. For the 1980-04-06 transition   # Shanks & Pottenger give 02:00, the BEV 00:00. Go with the BEV,   # and guess 02:00 for 1945-04-12.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Austria 1920 only - Apr 5 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1920 only - Sep 13 2:00s 0 -   Rule Austria 1946 only - Apr 14 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1946 1948 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -   Rule Austria 1947 only - Apr 6 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1948 only - Apr 18 2:00s 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1980 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Austria 1980 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone Europe/Vienna 1:05:20 - LMT 1893 Apr + Zone Europe/Vienna 1:05:21 - LMT 1893 Apr    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1920    1:00 Austria CE%sT 1940 Apr 1 2:00s    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00s    1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Apr 12 2:00s    1:00 - CET 1946    1:00 Austria CE%sT 1981    1:00 EU CE%sT      # Belarus   # From Yauhen Kharuzhy (2011-09-16):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:1233:   Rule SovietZone 1945 only - Sep 24 3:00 1:00 S   Rule SovietZone 1945 only - Nov 18 2:00s 0 -      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Berlin 0:53:28 - LMT 1893 Apr    1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 24 2:00    1:00 SovietZone CE%sT 1946    1:00 Germany CE%sT 1980    1:00 EU CE%sT    + # From Tobias Conradi (2011-09-12): + # Busingen <http://www.buesingen.de>, surrounded by the Swiss canton + # Schaffhausen, did not start observing DST in 1980 as the rest of DE + # (West Germany at that time) and DD (East Germany at that time) did. + # DD merged into DE, the area is currently covered by code DE in ISO 3166-1, + # which in turn is covered by the zone Europe/Berlin. + # + # Source for the time in Busingen 1980: + # http://www.srf.ch/player/video?id=c012c029-03b7-4c2b-9164-aa5902cd58d3 +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-03): + # Busingen and Zurich have shared clocks since 1970. +  + Link Europe/Zurich Europe/Busingen +    # Georgia   # Please see the "asia" file for Asia/Tbilisi.   # Herodotus (Histories, IV.45) says Georgia north of the Phasis (now Rioni)   # is in Europe. Our reference location Tbilisi is in the Asian part.      # Gibraltar   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Europe/Gibraltar -0:21:24 - LMT 1880 Aug 2 0:00s    0:00 GB-Eire %s 1957 Apr 14 2:00    1:00 - CET 1982
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2037:   Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct    1:44:24 - BMT 1931 Jul 24 # Bucharest MT    2:00 Romania EE%sT 1981 Mar 29 2:00s    2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1991    2:00 Romania EE%sT 1994    2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1997    2:00 EU EE%sT      # Russia    + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-09-15): + # Based on last Russian Government Decree # 725 on August 31, 2011 + # (Government document + # <a href="http://www.government.ru/gov/results/16355/print/"> + # http://www.government.ru/gov/results/16355/print/ + # </a> + # in Russian) + # there are few corrections have to be made for some Russian time zones... + # All updated Russian Time Zones were placed in table and translated to English + # by WorldTimeZone.com at the link below: + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia36.htm"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia36.htm + # </a> +  + # From Sanjeev Gupta (2011-09-27): + # Scans of [Decree #23 of January 8, 1992] are available at: + # <a href="http://government.consultant.ru/page.aspx?1223966"> + # http://government.consultant.ru/page.aspx?1223966 + # They are in Cyrillic letters (presumably Russian). +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09): + # Regarding the instant when clocks in time-zone-shifting parts of Russia + # changed in September 2011: + # + # One source is + # < a href="http://government.ru/gov/results/16355/> + # http://government.ru/gov/results/16355/ + # </a> + # which, according to translate.google.com, begins "Decree of August 31, + # 2011 No 725" and contains no other dates or "effective date" information. + # + # Another source is + # <a href="http://www.rg.ru/2011/09/06/chas-zona-dok.html"> + # http://www.rg.ru/2011/09/06/chas-zona-dok.html + # </a> + # which, according to translate.google.com, begins "Resolution of the + # Government of the Russian Federation on August 31, 2011 N 725" and also + # contains "Date first official publication: September 6, 2011 Posted on: + # in the 'RG' - Federal Issue number 5573 September 6, 2011" but which + # does not contain any "effective date" information. + # + # Another source is + # <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oymyakonsky_District#cite_note-RuTime-7"> + # http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oymyakonsky_District#cite_note-RuTime-7 + # </a> + # which, in note 8, contains "Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011... + # Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication" + # but which does not contain any reference to September 6, 2011. + # + # The Wikipedia article refers to + # <a href="http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=LAW;n=118896"> + # http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=LAW;n=118896 + # </a> + # which seems to copy the text of the government.ru page. + # + # Tobias Conradi combines Wikipedia's + # "as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication" + # with www.rg.ru's "Date of first official publication: September 6, 2011" to get + # September 13, 2011 as the cutover date (unusually, a Tuesday, as Tobias Conradi notes). + # + # None of the sources indicates a time of day for changing clocks. + # + # Go with 2011-09-13 0:00s. +    # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # Except for Moscow after 1919-07-01, I invented the time zone abbreviations.   # Moscow time zone abbreviations after 1919-07-01, and Moscow rules after 1991,   # are from Andrey A. Chernov. The rest is from Shanks & Pottenger,   # except we follow Chernov's report that 1992 DST transitions were Sat   # 23:00, not Sun 02:00s.   #   # From Stanislaw A. Kuzikowski (1994-06-29):   # But now it is some months since Novosibirsk is 3 hours ahead of Moscow!   # I do not know why they have decided to make this change;
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/europe:2264:    9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    10:00 - YAKT   #   # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2003-10-18): [This region consists of]   # Evrejskaya avtonomnaya oblast', Khabarovskij kraj, Primorskij kraj,   # [parts of] Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya).      # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29): - # The Sakha districts are: Bulunskij, Verkhoyanskij, Tomponskij, Ust'-Majskij, - # Ust'-Yanskij. + # The Sakha districts are: Bulunskij, Verkhoyanskij, ... Ust'-Yanskij.   Zone Asia/Vladivostok 8:47:44 - LMT 1922 Nov 15    9:00 - VLAT 1930 Jun 21 # Vladivostok Time    10:00 Russia VLA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    9:00 Russia VLA%sST 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    11:00 - VLAT -  +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09): + # Tomponskij and Ust'-Majskij switched from Vladivostok time to Yakutsk time + # in 2011.   # -  + # From Paul Eggert (2012-11-25): + # Shanks and Pottenger (2003) has Khandyga on Yakutsk time. + # Make a wild guess that it switched to Vladivostok time in 2004. + # This transition is no doubt wrong, but we have no better info. + # + Zone Asia/Khandyga 9:02:13 - LMT 1919 Dec 15 +  8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time +  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2004 +  10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  11:00 - VLAT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725? +  10:00 - YAKT +  + #   # Sakhalinskaya oblast'.   # The Zone name should be Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, but that's too long.   Zone Asia/Sakhalin 9:30:48 - LMT 1905 Aug 23    9:00 - CJT 1938    9:00 - JST 1945 Aug 25    11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s # Sakhalin T.    10:00 Russia SAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1997 Mar lastSun 2:00s    10:00 Russia SAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    11:00 - SAKT   #   # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2003-10-18): [This region consists of]   # Magadanskaya oblast', Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya).   # Probably also: Kuril Islands.      # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):   # The Sakha districts are: Abyjskij, Allaikhovskij, Verkhhhnekolymskij, Momskij, - # Nizhnekolymskij, Ojmyakonskij, Srednekolymskij. + # Nizhnekolymskij, ... Srednekolymskij.   Zone Asia/Magadan 10:03:12 - LMT 1924 May 2    10:00 - MAGT 1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time    11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s    12:00 - MAGT - # +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09): + # Ojmyakonskij and the Kuril Islands switched from + # Magadan time to Vladivostok time in 2011. + Zone Asia/Ust-Nera 9:32:54 - LMT 1919 Dec 15 +  8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time +  9:00 Russia YAKT 1981 Apr 1 +  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s +  10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s +  11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s +  12:00 - MAGT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725? +  11:00 - VLAT +    # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]   # Kamchatskaya oblast', Koryakskij avtonomnyj okrug.   #   # The Zone name should be Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski, but that's too long.   Zone Asia/Kamchatka 10:34:36 - LMT 1922 Nov 10    11:00 - PETT 1930 Jun 21 # P-K Time    12:00 Russia PET%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s    11:00 Russia PET%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s    12:00 Russia PET%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s    11:00 Russia PET%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s