pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / northamerica

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:98:   # and Sunday, 1974-10-27 editions of the Washington Post.      # From Arthur David Olson:   # Before the Uniform Time Act of 1966 took effect in 1967, observance of   # Daylight Saving Time in the US was by local option, except during wartime.      # From Arthur David Olson (2000-09-25):   # Last night I heard part of a rebroadcast of a 1945 Arch Oboler radio drama.   # In the introduction, Oboler spoke of "Eastern Peace Time."   # An AltaVista search turned up: - # http://rowayton.org/rhs/hstaug45.html + # https://web.archive.org/web/20000926032210/http://rowayton.org/rhs/hstaug45.html   # "When the time is announced over the radio now, it is 'Eastern Peace   # Time' instead of the old familiar 'Eastern War Time.' Peace is wonderful."   # (August 1945) by way of confirmation. -  + # + # From Paul Eggert (2017-09-23): + # This was the V-J Day issue of the Clamdigger, a Rowayton, CT newsletter.      # From Joseph Gallant citing   # George H. Douglas, _The Early Days of Radio Broadcasting_ (1987):   # At 7 P.M. (Eastern War Time) [on 1945-08-14], the networks were set   # to switch to London for Attlee's address, but the American people   # never got to hear his speech live. According to one press account,   # CBS' Bob Trout was first to announce the word of Japan's surrender,   # but a few seconds later, NBC, ABC and Mutual also flashed the word   # of surrender, all of whom interrupting the bells of Big Ben in   # London which were to precede Mr. Attlee's speech.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:250:   # -11 (unofficial) Nome (NST) Bering standard time (BST)   #   # From Paul Eggert (2000-01-08), following a heads-up from Rives McDow:   # Public law 106-564 (2000-12-23) introduced ... "Chamorro Standard Time"   # for time in Guam and the Northern Marianas. See the file "australasia".   #   # From Paul Eggert (2015-04-17):   # HST and HDT are standardized abbreviations for Hawaii-Aleutian   # standard and daylight times. See section 9.47 (p 234) of the   # U.S. Government Printing Office Style Manual (2008) - # http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008/pdf/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008.pdf + # https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008/pdf/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008.pdf      # From Arthur David Olson, 2005-08-09   # The following was signed into law on 2005-08-08.   #   # H.R. 6, Energy Policy Act of 2005, SEC. 110. DAYLIGHT SAVINGS.   # (a) Amendment.--Section 3(a) of the Uniform Time Act of 1966 (15   # U.S.C. 260a(a)) is amended--   # (1) by striking "first Sunday of April" and inserting "second   # Sunday of March"; and   # (2) by striking "last Sunday of October" and inserting "first
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:339:   # Alabama, Arkansas, Florida panhandle (Bay, Calhoun, Escambia,   # Gulf, Holmes, Jackson, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, Walton, and   # Washington counties), Illinois, western Indiana   # (Gibson, Jasper, Lake, LaPorte, Newton, Porter, Posey, Spencer,   # Vanderburgh, and Warrick counties), Iowa, most of Kansas, western   # Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, eastern   # Nebraska, eastern North Dakota, Oklahoma, eastern South Dakota,   # western Tennessee, most of Texas, Wisconsin      # From Larry M. Smith (2006-04-26) re Wisconsin: - # http://www.legis.state.wi.us/statutes/Stat0175.pdf ... + # https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/statutes/175.pdf   # is currently enforced at the 01:00 time of change. Because the local   # "bar time" in the state corresponds to 02:00, a number of citations   # are issued for the "sale of class 'B' alcohol after prohibited   # hours" within the deviated hour of this change every year....   #   # From Douglas R. Bomberg (2007-03-12):   # Wisconsin has enacted (nearly eleventh-hour) legislation to get WI   # Statue 175 closer in synch with the US Congress' intent.... - # http://www.legis.state.wi.us/2007/data/acts/07Act3.pdf + # https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/2007/related/acts/3      # From an email administrator of the City of Fort Pierre, SD (2015-12-21):   # Fort Pierre is technically located in the Mountain time zone as is   # the rest of Stanley County. Most of Stanley County and Fort Pierre   # uses the Central time zone due to doing most of their business in   # Pierre so it simplifies schedules. I have lived in Stanley County   # all my life and it has been that way since I can remember. (43 years!)   #   # From Paul Eggert (2015-12-25):   # Assume this practice predates 1970, so Fort Pierre can use America/Chicago.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:395:   # but in practice these other counties were already observing central time.   # See <http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/EPA-IMPACT/2003/October/Day-28/i27056.htm>.   Zone America/North_Dakota/New_Salem -6:45:39 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:14:21    -7:00 US M%sT 2003 Oct 26 2:00    -6:00 US C%sT      # From Josh Findley (2011-01-21):   # ...it appears that Mercer County, North Dakota, changed from the   # mountain time zone to the central time zone at the last transition from   # daylight-saving to standard time (on Nov. 7, 2010): - # http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-09-29/html/2010-24376.htm + # https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-09-29/html/2010-24376.htm   # http://www.bismarcktribune.com/news/local/article_1eb1b588-c758-11df-b472-001cc4c03286.html      # From Andy Lipscomb (2011-01-24):   # ...according to the Census Bureau, the largest city is Beulah (although   # it's commonly referred to as Beulah-Hazen, with Hazen being the next   # largest city in Mercer County). Google Maps places Beulah's city hall   # at 47 degrees 15' 51" N, 101 degrees 46' 40" W, which yields an offset   # of 6h47'07".      Zone America/North_Dakota/Beulah -6:47:07 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:12:53
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:446:   # Nevada (except West Wendover), Oregon (except the northern 3/4 of   # Malheur county), and Washington      # From Paul Eggert (2016-08-20):   # In early February 1948, in response to California's electricity shortage,   # PG&E changed power frequency from 60 to 59.5 Hz during daylight hours,   # causing electric clocks to lose six minutes per day. (This did not change   # legal time, and is not part of the data here.) See:   # Ross SA. An energy crisis from the past: Northern California in 1948.   # Working Paper No. 8, Institute of Governmental Studies, UC Berkeley, - # 1973-11. http://escholarship.org/uc/item/8x22k30c + # 1973-11. https://escholarship.org/uc/item/8x22k30c   #   # In another measure to save electricity, DST was instituted from 1948-03-14   # at 02:01 to 1949-01-16 at 02:00, with the governor having the option to move   # the fallback transition earlier. See pages 3-4 of:   # http://clerk.assembly.ca.gov/sites/clerk.assembly.ca.gov/files/archive/Statutes/1948/48Vol1_Chapters.pdf   #   # In response:   #   # Governor Warren received a torrent of objecting mail, and it is not too much   # to speculate that the objections to Daylight Saving Time were one important   # factor in the defeat of the Dewey-Warren Presidential ticket in California.   # -- Ross, p 25   #   # On December 8 the governor exercised the option, setting the date to January 1   # (LA Times 1948-12-09). The transition time was 02:00 (LA Times 1949-01-01).   #   # Despite the controversy, in 1949 California voters approved Proposition 12,   # which established DST from April's last Sunday at 01:00 until September's   # last Sunday at 02:00. This was amended by 1962's Proposition 6, which changed   # the fall-back date to October's last Sunday. See: - # http://repository.uchastings.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1501&context=ca_ballot_props - # http://repository.uchastings.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1636&context=ca_ballot_props + # https://repository.uchastings.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1501&context=ca_ballot_props + # https://repository.uchastings.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1636&context=ca_ballot_props   #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER   Rule CA 1948 only - Mar 14 2:01 1:00 D   Rule CA 1949 only - Jan 1 2:00 0 S   Rule CA 1950 1966 - Apr lastSun 1:00 1:00 D   Rule CA 1950 1961 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule CA 1962 1966 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Los_Angeles -7:52:58 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:07:02    -8:00 US P%sT 1946    -8:00 CA P%sT 1967    -8:00 US P%sT      # Alaska   # AK%sT is the modern abbreviation for -09 per USNO.   # - # From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30): + # From Paul Eggert (2017-06-15):   # Howse writes that Alaska switched from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar,   # and from east-of-GMT to west-of-GMT days, when the US bought it from Russia. - # This was on 1867-10-18, a Friday; the previous day was 1867-10-06 Julian, - # also a Friday. Include only the time zone part of this transition, - # ignoring the switch from Julian to Gregorian, since we can't represent - # the Julian calendar. + # On Friday, 1867-10-18 (Gregorian), at precisely 15:30 local time, the + # Russian forts and fleet at Sitka fired salutes to mark the ceremony of + # formal transfer. See the Sacramento Daily Union (1867-11-14), p 3, col 2. + # https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SDU18671114.2.12.1 + # Sitka workers did not change their calendars until Sunday, 1867-10-20, + # and so celebrated two Sundays that week. See: Ahllund T (tr Hallamaa P). + # From the memoirs of a Finnish workman. Alaska History. 2006 Fall;21(2):1-25. + # http://alaskahistoricalsociety.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/Ahllund-2006-Memoirs-of-a-Finnish-Workman.pdf + # Include only the time zone part of this transition, ignoring the switch + # from Julian to Gregorian, since we can't represent the Julian calendar.   # - # As far as we know, none of the exact locations mentioned below were + # As far as we know, of the locations mentioned below only Sitka was   # permanently inhabited in 1867 by anyone using either calendar. - # (Yakutat was colonized by the Russians in 1799, but the settlement - # was destroyed in 1805 by a Yakutat-kon war party.) However, there - # were nearby inhabitants in some cases and for our purposes perhaps - # it's best to simply use the official transition. + # (Yakutat was colonized by the Russians in 1799, but the settlement was + # destroyed in 1805 by a Yakutat-kon war party.) Many of Alaska's inhabitants + # were unaware of the US acquisition of Alaska, much less of any calendar or + # time change. However, the Russian-influenced part of Alaska did observe + # Russian time, and it is more accurate to model this than to ignore it. + # The database format requires an exact transition time; use the Russian + # salute as a somewhat-arbitrary time for the formal transfer of control for + # all of Alaska. Sitka's UTC offset is -9:01:13; adjust its 15:30 to the + # local times of other Alaskan locations so that they change simultaneously.      # From Paul Eggert (2014-07-18):   # One opinion of the early-1980s turmoil in Alaska over time zones and   # daylight saving time appeared as graffiti on a Juneau airport wall:   # "Welcome to Juneau. Please turn your watch back to the 19th century."   # See: Turner W. Alaska's four time zones now two. NY Times 1983-11-01.   # http://www.nytimes.com/1983/11/01/us/alaska-s-four-time-zones-now-two.html   #   # Steve Ferguson (2011-01-31) referred to the following source:   # Norris F. Keeping time in Alaska: national directives, local response.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:551:   # did not inquire about practices in the past.      # From Arthur David Olson (2011-08-17):   # For lack of better information, assume that Metlakatla's   # abandonment of use of daylight saving resulted from the 1983 vote.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2015-11-09):   # It seems Metlakatla did go off PST on Sunday, November 1, changing   # their time to AKST and are going to follow Alaska's DST, switching   # between AKST and AKDT from now on.... - # http://www.krbd.org/2015/10/30/annette-island-times-they-are-a-changing/ + # https://www.krbd.org/2015/10/30/annette-island-times-they-are-a-changing/      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone America/Juneau 15:02:19 - LMT 1867 Oct 18 + Zone America/Juneau 15:02:19 - LMT 1867 Oct 19 15:33:32    -8:57:41 - LMT 1900 Aug 20 12:00    -8:00 - PST 1942    -8:00 US P%sT 1946    -8:00 - PST 1969    -8:00 US P%sT 1980 Apr 27 2:00    -9:00 US Y%sT 1980 Oct 26 2:00    -8:00 US P%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00    -9:00 US Y%sT 1983 Nov 30    -9:00 US AK%sT - Zone America/Sitka 14:58:47 - LMT 1867 Oct 18 + Zone America/Sitka 14:58:47 - LMT 1867 Oct 19 15:30    -9:01:13 - LMT 1900 Aug 20 12:00    -8:00 - PST 1942    -8:00 US P%sT 1946    -8:00 - PST 1969    -8:00 US P%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00    -9:00 US Y%sT 1983 Nov 30    -9:00 US AK%sT - Zone America/Metlakatla 15:13:42 - LMT 1867 Oct 18 + Zone America/Metlakatla 15:13:42 - LMT 1867 Oct 19 15:44:55    -8:46:18 - LMT 1900 Aug 20 12:00    -8:00 - PST 1942    -8:00 US P%sT 1946    -8:00 - PST 1969    -8:00 US P%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00    -8:00 - PST 2015 Nov 1 2:00    -9:00 US AK%sT - Zone America/Yakutat 14:41:05 - LMT 1867 Oct 18 + Zone America/Yakutat 14:41:05 - LMT 1867 Oct 19 15:12:18    -9:18:55 - LMT 1900 Aug 20 12:00    -9:00 - YST 1942    -9:00 US Y%sT 1946    -9:00 - YST 1969    -9:00 US Y%sT 1983 Nov 30    -9:00 US AK%sT - Zone America/Anchorage 14:00:24 - LMT 1867 Oct 18 + Zone America/Anchorage 14:00:24 - LMT 1867 Oct 19 14:31:37    -9:59:36 - LMT 1900 Aug 20 12:00    -10:00 - AST 1942    -10:00 US A%sT 1967 Apr    -10:00 - AHST 1969    -10:00 US AH%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00    -9:00 US Y%sT 1983 Nov 30    -9:00 US AK%sT - Zone America/Nome 12:58:21 - LMT 1867 Oct 18 + Zone America/Nome 12:58:22 - LMT 1867 Oct 19 13:29:35    -11:01:38 - LMT 1900 Aug 20 12:00    -11:00 - NST 1942    -11:00 US N%sT 1946    -11:00 - NST 1967 Apr    -11:00 - BST 1969    -11:00 US B%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00    -9:00 US Y%sT 1983 Nov 30    -9:00 US AK%sT - Zone America/Adak 12:13:21 - LMT 1867 Oct 18 + Zone America/Adak 12:13:22 - LMT 1867 Oct 19 12:44:35    -11:46:38 - LMT 1900 Aug 20 12:00    -11:00 - NST 1942    -11:00 US N%sT 1946    -11:00 - NST 1967 Apr    -11:00 - BST 1969    -11:00 US B%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00    -10:00 US AH%sT 1983 Nov 30    -10:00 US H%sT   # The following switches don't quite make our 1970 cutoff.   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:640:   # Time as of midnight Friday, January 13, 1967 (1 A.M. Saturday,   # January 14, Alaska Standard Time.) This resolution was passed with   # three votes for and one against."      # Hawaii      # From Arthur David Olson (2010-12-09):   # "Hawaiian Time" by Robert C. Schmitt and Doak C. Cox appears on pages 207-225   # of volume 26 of The Hawaiian Journal of History (1992). As of 2010-12-09,   # the article is available at - # http://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/10524/239/2/JL26215.pdf + # https://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/10524/239/2/JL26215.pdf   # and indicates that standard time was adopted effective noon, January   # 13, 1896 (page 218), that in "1933, the Legislature decreed daylight   # saving for the period between the last Sunday of each April and the   # last Sunday of each September, but less than a month later repealed the   # act," (page 220), that year-round daylight saving time was in effect   # from 1942-02-09 to 1945-09-30 (page 221, with no time of day given for   # when clocks changed) and that clocks were changed by 30 minutes   # effective the second Sunday of June, 1947 (page 219, with no time of   # day given for when clocks changed). A footnote for the 1933 changes   # cites Session Laws of Hawaii 1933, "Act. 90 (approved 26 Apr. 1933)
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:739:   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Boise -7:44:49 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:15:11    -8:00 US P%sT 1923 May 13 2:00    -7:00 US M%sT 1974    -7:00 - MST 1974 Feb 3 2:00    -7:00 US M%sT      # Indiana   #   # For a map of Indiana's time zone regions, see: - # http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_in_Indiana + # https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_in_Indiana   #   # From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17):   # Since 1970, most of Indiana has been like America/Indiana/Indianapolis,   # with the following exceptions:   #   # - Gibson, Jasper, Lake, LaPorte, Newton, Porter, Posey, Spencer,   # Vanderburgh, and Warrick counties have been like America/Chicago.   #   # - Dearborn and Ohio counties have been like America/New_York.   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:966:   #   # From Rich Wales (2000-08-29):   # After prolonged debate, and despite continuing deep differences of opinion,   # Wayne County (central Kentucky) is switching from Central (-0600) to Eastern   # (-0500) time. They won't "fall back" this year. See Sara Shipley,   # The difference an hour makes, Nando Times (2000-08-29 15:33 -0400).   #   # From Paul Eggert (2001-07-16):   # The final rule was published in the   # Federal Register 65, 160 (2000-08-17), pp 50154-50158. - # http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=2000_register&docid=fr17au00-22 + # https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2000-08-17/html/00-20854.htm   #   Zone America/Kentucky/Monticello -5:39:24 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:20:36    -6:00 US C%sT 1946    -6:00 - CST 1968    -6:00 US C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00    -5:00 US E%sT         # From Rives McDow (2000-08-30):   # Here ... are all the changes in the US since 1985.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:992:   # Wayne County, KY (from CST to EST) ... 2000-10   #   # From Paul Eggert (2001-07-17):   # We don't know where the line used to be within Kearny County, KS,   # so omit that change for now.   # See America/Indiana/Knox for the Starke County, IN change.   # See America/North_Dakota/Center for the Oliver County, ND change.   # West Wendover, NV officially switched from Pacific to mountain time on   # 1999-10-31. See the   # Federal Register 64, 203 (1999-10-21), pp 56705-56707. - # http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=1999_register&docid=fr21oc99-15 + # https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-1999-10-21/html/99-27240.htm   # However, the Federal Register says that West Wendover already operated   # on mountain time, and the rule merely made this official;   # hence a separate tz entry is not needed.      # Michigan   #   # From Bob Devine (1988-01-28):   # Michigan didn't observe DST from 1968 to 1973.   #   # From Paul Eggert (1999-03-31):
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:1022:   # Committee on Sewers. Then, in 1905, Central time was adopted   # by city vote.   #   # This story is too entertaining to be false, so go with Howse over Shanks.   #   # From Paul Eggert (2001-03-06):   # Garland (1927) writes "Cleveland and Detroit advanced their clocks   # one hour in 1914." This change is not in Shanks. We have no more   # info, so omit this for now.   # + # From Paul Eggert (2017-07-26): + # Although Shanks says Detroit observed DST in 1967 from 06-14 00:01 + # until 10-29 00:01, I now see multiple reports that this is incorrect. + # For example, according to a 50-year anniversary report about the 1967 + # Detroit riots and a major-league doubleheader on 1967-07-23, "By the time + # the last fly ball of the doubleheader settled into the glove of leftfielder + # Lenny Green, it was after 7 p.m. Detroit did not observe daylight saving + # time, so light was already starting to fail. Twilight was made even deeper + # by billowing columns of smoke that ascended in an unbroken wall north of the + # ballpark." See: Dow B. Detroit '67: As violence unfolded, Tigers played two + # at home vs. Yankees. Detroit Free Press 2017-07-23. + # https://www.freep.com/story/sports/mlb/tigers/2017/07/23/detroit-tigers-1967-riot-new-york-yankees/499951001/ + #   # Most of Michigan observed DST from 1973 on, but was a bit late in 1975.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER   Rule Detroit 1948 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Detroit 1948 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S - Rule Detroit 1967 only - Jun 14 2:00 1:00 D - Rule Detroit 1967 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Detroit -5:32:11 - LMT 1905    -6:00 - CST 1915 May 15 2:00    -5:00 - EST 1942    -5:00 US E%sT 1946    -5:00 Detroit E%sT 1973    -5:00 US E%sT 1975    -5:00 - EST 1975 Apr 27 2:00    -5:00 US E%sT   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:1091:   #   # Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,   # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated),   # which I found in the UCLA library.   #   # William Willett, The Waste of Daylight, 19th edition   # <http://cs.ucla.edu/~eggert/The-Waste-of-Daylight-19th.pdf>   # [PDF] (1914-03)   #   # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94 - # <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>. + # <https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.   #   # See the 'europe' file for Greenland.      # Canada      # From Alain LaBonté (1994-11-14):   # I post here the time zone abbreviations standardized in Canada   # for both English and French in the CAN/CSA-Z234.4-89 standard....   #   # UTC Standard time Daylight saving time
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:1137:   # Alas, this sort of thing must be handled by localization software.      # Unless otherwise specified, the data entries for Canada are all from Shanks   # & Pottenger.      # From Chris Walton (2006-04-01, 2006-04-25, 2006-06-26, 2007-01-31,   # 2007-03-01):   # The British Columbia government announced yesterday that it will   # adjust daylight savings next year to align with changes in the   # U.S. and the rest of Canada.... - # http://www2.news.gov.bc.ca/news_releases_2005-2009/2006AG0014-000330.htm + # https://archive.news.gov.bc.ca/releases/news_releases_2005-2009/2006AG0014-000330.htm   # ...   # Nova Scotia   # Daylight saving time will be extended by four weeks starting in 2007.... - # http://www.gov.ns.ca/just/regulations/rg2/2006/ma1206.pdf + # https://www.novascotia.ca/just/regulations/rg2/2006/ma1206.pdf   #   # [For New Brunswick] the new legislation dictates that the time change is to   # be done at 02:00 instead of 00:01. - # http://www.gnb.ca/0062/acts/BBA-2006/Chap-19.pdf + # https://www.gnb.ca/0062/acts/BBA-2006/Chap-19.pdf   # ...   # Manitoba has traditionally changed the clock every fall at 03:00.   # As of 2006, the transition is to take place one hour earlier at 02:00. - # http://web2.gov.mb.ca/laws/statutes/ccsm/o030e.php + # https://web2.gov.mb.ca/laws/statutes/ccsm/o030e.php   # ...   # [Alberta, Ontario, Quebec] will follow US rules.   # http://www.qp.gov.ab.ca/documents/spring/CH03_06.CFM   # http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/DBLaws/Source/Regs/English/2006/R06111_e.htm   # http://www2.publicationsduquebec.gouv.qc.ca/dynamicSearch/telecharge.php?type=5&file=2006C39A.PDF   # ...   # P.E.I. will follow US rules....   # http://www.assembly.pe.ca/bills/pdf_chapter/62/3/chapter-41.pdf   # ...   # Province of Newfoundland and Labrador....   # http://www.hoa.gov.nl.ca/hoa/bills/Bill0634.htm   # ...   # Yukon - # http://www.gov.yk.ca/legislation/regs/oic2006_127.pdf + # https://www.gov.yk.ca/legislation/regs/oic2006_127.pdf   # ...   # N.W.T. will follow US rules. Whoever maintains the government web site   # does not seem to believe in bookmarks. To see the news release, click the   # following link and search for "Daylight Savings Time Change". Press the   # "Daylight Savings Time Change" link; it will fire off a popup using   # JavaScript.   # http://www.exec.gov.nt.ca/currentnews/currentPR.asp?mode=archive   # ...   # Nunavut   # An amendment to the Interpretation Act was registered on February 19/2007....   # http://action.attavik.ca/home/justice-gn/attach/2007/gaz02part2.pdf      # From Paul Eggert (2014-10-18):   # H. David Matthews and Mary Vincent's map   # "It's about TIME", _Canadian Geographic_ (September-October 1998)   # http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/Magazine/SO98/alacarte.asp   # contains detailed boundaries for regions observing nonstandard   # time and daylight saving time arrangements in Canada circa 1998.   #   # National Research Council Canada maintains info about time zones and DST. - # http://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/services/time/time_zones.html - # http://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/services/time/faq/index.html#Q5 + # https://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/services/time/time_zones.html + # https://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/services/time/faq/index.html#Q5   # Its unofficial information is often taken from Matthews and Vincent.      # From Paul Eggert (2006-06-27):   # For now, assume all of DST-observing Canada will fall into line with the   # new US DST rules,      # From Chris Walton (2011-12-01)   # In the first of Tammy Hardwick's articles   # http://www.ilovecreston.com/?p=articles&t=spec&ar=260   # she quotes the Friday November 1/1918 edition of the Creston Review.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:1222:   Rule Canada 1945 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 S   Rule Canada 1974 1986 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Canada 1974 2006 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Canada 1987 2006 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Canada 2007 max - Mar Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Canada 2007 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 0 S         # Newfoundland and Labrador    - # From Paul Eggert (2000-10-02): - # Matthews and Vincent (1998) write that Labrador should use NST/NDT, - # but the only part of Labrador that follows the rules is the - # southeast corner, including Port Hope Simpson and Mary's Harbour, - # but excluding, say, Black Tickle. + # From Paul Eggert (2017-10-14): + # Legally Labrador should observe Newfoundland time; see: + # McLeod J. Labrador time - legal or not? St. John's Telegram, 2017-10-07 + # http://www.thetelegram.com/news/local/labrador-time--legal-or-not-154860/ + # Matthews and Vincent (1998) write that the only part of Labrador + # that follows the rules is the southeast corner, including Port Hope + # Simpson and Mary's Harbour, but excluding, say, Black Tickle.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule StJohns 1917 only - Apr 8 2:00 1:00 D   Rule StJohns 1917 only - Sep 17 2:00 0 S   # Whitman gives 1919 Apr 5 and 1920 Apr 5; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule StJohns 1919 only - May 5 23:00 1:00 D   Rule StJohns 1919 only - Aug 12 23:00 0 S   # For 1931-1935 Whitman gives Apr same date; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule StJohns 1920 1935 - May Sun>=1 23:00 1:00 D   Rule StJohns 1920 1935 - Oct lastSun 23:00 0 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:1426:   # See America/Toronto for most of Quebec, including Montreal.   #   # Matthews and Vincent (1998) also write that Quebec east of the -63   # meridian is supposed to observe AST, but residents as far east as   # Natashquan use EST/EDT, and residents east of Natashquan use AST.   # The Quebec department of justice writes in   # "The situation in Minganie and Basse-Côte-Nord"   # http://www.justice.gouv.qc.ca/english/publications/generale/temps-minganie-a.htm   # that the coastal strip from just east of Natashquan to Blanc-Sablon   # observes Atlantic standard time all year round. - # http://www.assnat.qc.ca/Media/Process.aspx?MediaId=ANQ.Vigie.Bll.DocumentGenerique_8845en + # https://www.assnat.qc.ca/Media/Process.aspx?MediaId=ANQ.Vigie.Bll.DocumentGenerique_8845en   # says this common practice was codified into law as of 2007.   # For lack of better info, guess this practice began around 1970, contra to   # Shanks & Pottenger who have this region observing AST/ADT.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Blanc-Sablon -3:48:28 - LMT 1884    -4:00 Canada A%sT 1970    -4:00 - AST      # Ontario
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:1458:   # effective Saturday, 1912-06-22, 22:00; the article mentions that   # Port Arthur (now part of Thunder Bay, Ontario) as well as Moose Jaw   # have already done so. In Orillia DST was to run until Saturday,   # 1912-08-31 (no time mentioned), but it was met with considerable   # hostility from certain segments of the public, and was revoked after   # only two weeks - I copied it as Saturday, 1912-07-07, 22:00, but   # presumably that should be -07-06. (1912-06-19, -07-12; also letters   # earlier in June).   #   # Kenora, Ontario, was to abandon DST on 1914-06-01 (-05-21). + # + # From Paul Eggert (2017-07-08): + # For more on Orillia, see: Daubs K. Bold attempt at daylight saving + # time became a comic failure in Orillia. Toronto Star 2017-07-08. + # https://www.thestar.com/news/insight/2017/07/08/bold-attempt-at-daylight-saving-time-became-a-comic-failure-in-orillia.html      # From Paul Eggert (1997-10-17):   # Mark Brader writes that an article in the 1997-10-14 Toronto Star   # says that Atikokan, Ontario currently does not observe DST,   # but will vote on 11-10 whether to use EST/EDT.   # He also writes that the Ontario Time Act (1990, Chapter T.9)   # http://www.gov.on.ca/MBS/english/publications/statregs/conttext.html   # says that Ontario east of 90W uses EST/EDT, and west of 90W uses CST/CDT.   # Officially Atikokan is therefore on CST/CDT, and most likely this report   # concerns a non-official time observed as a matter of local practice.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:1949:    -7:00 - MST      # Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon      # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # Dawson switched to PST in 1973. Inuvik switched to MST in 1979.   # Mathew Englander (1996-10-07) gives the following refs:   # * 1967. Paragraph 28(34)(g) of the Interpretation Act, S.C. 1967-68,   # c. 7 defines Yukon standard time as UTC-9....   # see Interpretation Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. I-21, s. 35(1). - # [http://canlii.ca/t/7vhg] + # [https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/laws/stat/rsc-1985-c-i-21/latest/rsc-1985-c-i-21.html]   # * C.O. 1973/214 switched Yukon to PST on 1973-10-28 00:00.   # * O.I.C. 1980/02 established DST.   # * O.I.C. 1987/056 changed DST to Apr firstSun 2:00 to Oct lastSun 2:00.      # From Brian Inglis (2015-04-14):   #   # I tried to trace the history of Yukon time and found the following   # regulations, giving the reference title and URL if found, regulation name,   # and relevant quote if available. Each regulation specifically revokes its   # predecessor. The final reference is to the current Interpretation Act
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:2014:   # Interpretation Ordinance from and after mid-night on the 28th day of May,   # 1967 shall be reckoned in the same manner as Pacific Standard Time, that   # is to say, eight hours behind Greenwich Time in the area of the Yukon   # Territory lying east of the 138th degree longitude west.   #   # 3. In the remainder of the Territory, lying west of the 138th degree   # longitude west, Yukon (West) Standard Time shall be reckoned as nine   # hours behind Greenwich Time.   #   # * Yukon Standard Time defined as Pacific Standard Time, YCO 1973/214 - # http://www.canlii.org/en/yk/laws/regu/yco-1973-214/latest/yco-1973-214.html + # https://www.canlii.org/en/yk/laws/regu/yco-1973-214/latest/yco-1973-214.html   # C.O. 1973/214 INTERPRETATION ACT ...   #   # 1. Effective October 28, 1973 Commissioner's Order 1967/59 is hereby   # revoked.   #   # 2. Yukon Standard Time as defined by section 36 of the Interpretation   # Act from and after midnight on the twenty-eighth day of October, 1973   # shall be reckoned in the same manner as Pacific Standard Time, that is   # to say eight hours behind Greenwich Time.   #   # * O.I.C. 1980/02 INTERPRETATION ACT   # http://? - no online source found   #   # * Yukon Daylight Saving Time, YOIC 1987/56 - # http://www.canlii.org/en/yk/laws/regu/yoic-1987-56/latest/yoic-1987-56.html + # https://www.canlii.org/en/yk/laws/regu/yoic-1987-56/latest/yoic-1987-56.html   # O.I.C. 1987/056 INTERPRETATION ACT ...   #   # In every year between   # (a) two o'clock in the morning in the first Sunday in April, and   # (b) two o'clock in the morning in the last Sunday in October,   # Standard Time shall be reckoned as seven hours behind Greenwich Time and   # called Yukon Daylight Saving Time.   # ...   # Dated ... 9th day of March, A.D., 1987.   #   # * Yukon Daylight Saving Time 2006, YOIC 2006/127 - # http://www.canlii.org/en/yk/laws/regu/yoic-2006-127/latest/yoic-2006-127.html + # https://www.canlii.org/en/yk/laws/regu/yoic-2006-127/latest/yoic-2006-127.html   # O.I.C. 2006/127 INTERPRETATION ACT ...   #   # 1. In Yukon each year the time for general purposes shall be 7 hours   # behind Greenwich mean time during the period commencing at two o'clock   # in the forenoon on the second Sunday of March and ending at two o'clock   # in the forenoon on the first Sunday of November and shall be called   # Yukon Daylight Saving Time.   #   # 2. Order-in-Council 1987/56 is revoked.   #   # 3. This order comes into force January 1, 2007.   #   # * Interpretation Act, RSY 2002, c 125 - # http://www.canlii.org/en/yk/laws/stat/rsy-2002-c-125/latest/rsy-2002-c-125.html + # https://www.canlii.org/en/yk/laws/stat/rsy-2002-c-125/latest/rsy-2002-c-125.html      # From Rives McDow (1999-09-04):   # Nunavut ... moved ... to incorporate the whole territory into one time zone.   # Nunavut moves to single time zone Oct. 31   # http://www.nunatsiaq.com/nunavut/nvt90903_13.html   #   # From Antoine Leca (1999-09-06):   # We then need to create a new timezone for the Kitikmeot region of Nunavut   # to differentiate it from the Yellowknife region.   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:2098:   # change the local methods of keeping time, as it evidently does not   # really interfere with any activities or make things difficult locally.   # They plan to celebrate New Year's turn-over twice, one hour apart,   # so it appears that the situation will last at least that long.   # The Nunavut Intergovernmental Affairs hopes that they will "come to   # their senses", but the locals evidently don't see any problem with   # the current state of affairs.      # From Michaela Rodrigue, writing in the   # Nunatsiaq News (1999-11-19): - # http://www.nunatsiaq.com/archives/nunavut991130/nvt91119_17.html + # http://www.nunatsiaqonline.ca/archives/nunavut991130/nvt91119_17.html   # Clyde River, Pangnirtung and Sanikiluaq now operate with two time zones,   # central - or Nunavut time - for government offices, and eastern time   # for municipal offices and schools.... Igloolik [was similar but then]   # made the switch to central time on Saturday, Nov. 6.      # From Paul Eggert (2000-10-02):   # Matthews and Vincent (1998) say the following, but we lack histories   # for these potential new Zones.   #   # The Canadian Forces station at Alert uses Eastern Time while the   # handful of residents at the Eureka weather station [in the Central   # zone] skip daylight savings. Baffin Island, which is crossed by the   # Central, Eastern and Atlantic Time zones only uses Eastern Time.   # Gjoa Haven, Taloyoak and Pelly Bay all use Mountain instead of   # Central Time and Southampton Island [in the Central zone] is not   # required to use daylight savings.    - # From <http://www.nunatsiaq.com/archives/nunavut001130/nvt21110_02.html> + # From <http://www.nunatsiaqonline.ca/archives/nunavut001130/nvt21110_02.html>   # Nunavut now has two time zones (2000-11-10):   # The Nunavut government would allow its employees in Kugluktuk and   # Cambridge Bay to operate on central time year-round, putting them   # one hour behind the rest of Nunavut for six months during the winter.   # At the end of October the two communities had rebelled against   # Nunavut's unified time zone, refusing to shift to eastern time with   # the rest of the territory for the winter. Cambridge Bay remained on   # central time, while Kugluktuk, even farther west, reverted to   # mountain time, which they had used before the advent of Nunavut's   # unified time zone in 1999.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:2447:   # (Spanish)   #   # Could not find the new law text, but the proposed law text changes are here:   # http://gaceta.diputados.gob.mx/Gaceta/61/2009/dic/20091210-V.pdf   # (Gaceta Parlamentaria)   #   # There is also a list of the votes here:   # http://gaceta.diputados.gob.mx/Gaceta/61/2009/dic/V2-101209.html   #   # Our page: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/north-mexico-dst-change.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/north-mexico-dst-change.html      # From Arthur David Olson (2010-01-20):   # The page   # http://dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5127480&fecha=06/01/2010   # includes this text:   # En los municipios fronterizos de Tijuana y Mexicali en Baja California;   # Juárez y Ojinaga en Chihuahua; Acuña y Piedras Negras en Coahuila;   # Anáhuac en Nuevo León; y Nuevo Laredo, Reynosa y Matamoros en   # Tamaulipas, la aplicación de este horario estacional surtirá efecto   # desde las dos horas del segundo domingo de marzo y concluirá a las dos
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:2866:   # a Cuban information station, and heard   # the time announced as "ocho cuarenta y cuatro" ("eight forty-four"),   # indicating that Cuba is still on standard time.      # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-03-12):   # It seems that Cuba will start DST on Sunday, 2007-03-16...   # It was announced yesterday, according to this source (in Spanish):   # http://www.nnc.cubaweb.cu/marzo-2008/cien-1-11-3-08.htm   #   # Some more background information is posted here: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/cuba-starts-dst-march-16.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/cuba-starts-dst-march-16.html   #   # The article also says that Cuba has been observing DST since 1963,   # while Shanks (and tzdata) has 1965 as the first date (except in the   # 1940's). Many other web pages in Cuba also claim that it has been   # observed since 1963, but with the exception of 1970 - an exception   # which is not present in tzdata/Shanks. So there is a chance we need to   # change some historic records as well.   #   # One example:   # http://www.radiohc.cu/espanol/noticias/mar07/11mar/hor.htm
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:2913:      # From Steffen Thorsen (2011-03-08):   # Granma announced that Cuba is going to start DST on 2011-03-20 00:00:00   # this year. Nothing about the end date known so far (if that has   # changed at all).   #   # Source:   # http://granma.co.cu/2011/03/08/nacional/artic01.html   #   # Our info: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/cuba-starts-dst-2011.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/cuba-starts-dst-2011.html   #   # From Steffen Thorsen (2011-10-30)   # Cuba will end DST two weeks later this year. Instead of going back   # tonight, it has been delayed to 2011-11-13 at 01:00.   #   # One source (Spanish)   # http://www.radioangulo.cu/noticias/cuba/17105-cuba-restablecera-el-horario-del-meridiano-de-greenwich.html   #   # Our page: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/cuba-time-changes-2011.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/cuba-time-changes-2011.html   #   # From Steffen Thorsen (2012-03-01)   # According to Radio Reloj, Cuba will start DST on Midnight between March   # 31 and April 1.   #   # Radio Reloj has the following info (Spanish):   # http://www.radioreloj.cu/index.php/noticias-radio-reloj/71-miscelaneas/7529-cuba-aplicara-el-horario-de-verano-desde-el-1-de-abril   #   # Our info on it: - # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/cuba-starts-dst-2012.html + # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/cuba-starts-dst-2012.html      # From Steffen Thorsen (2012-11-03):   # Radio Reloj and many other sources report that Cuba is changing back   # to standard time on 2012-11-04:   # http://www.radioreloj.cu/index.php/noticias-radio-reloj/36-nacionales/9961-regira-horario-normal-en-cuba-desde-el-domingo-cuatro-de-noviembre   # From Paul Eggert (2012-11-03):   # For now, assume the future rule is first Sunday in November.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Cuba 1928 only - Jun 10 0:00 1:00 D
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:3128:   # It appears that Haiti is observing DST this year as well, same rules   # as US/Canada. They did it last year as well, and it looks like they   # are going to observe DST every year now...   #   # http://radiovision2000haiti.net/public/haiti-avis-changement-dheure-dimanche/   # http://www.canalplushaiti.net/?p=6714      # From Steffen Thorsen (2016-03-12):   # Jean Antoine, editor of www.haiti-reference.com informed us that Haiti   # are not going on DST this year. Several other resources confirm this: ... - # http://www.radiotelevisioncaraibes.com/presse/heure_d_t_pas_de_changement_d_heure_pr_vu_pour_cet_ann_e.html - # http://www.vantbefinfo.com/changement-dheure-pas-pour-haiti/ + # https://www.radiotelevisioncaraibes.com/presse/heure_d_t_pas_de_changement_d_heure_pr_vu_pour_cet_ann_e.html + # https://www.vantbefinfo.com/changement-dheure-pas-pour-haiti/   # http://news.anmwe.com/haiti-lheure-nationale-ne-sera-ni-avancee-ni-reculee-cette-annee/      # From Steffen Thorsen (2017-03-12):   # We have received 4 mails from different people telling that Haiti   # has started DST again today, and this source seems to confirm that,   # I have not been able to find a more authoritative source:   # https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-20319-haiti-notices-time-change-in-haiti.html      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Haiti 1983 only - May 8 0:00 1:00 D
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:3328:    -4:00 - AST 1980 May    -3:00 - -03 1987    -3:00 Canada -03/-02      # St Vincent and the Grenadines   # See America/Port_of_Spain.      # Turks and Caicos   #   # From Chris Dunn in - # http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=415007 + # https://bugs.debian.org/415007   # (2007-03-15): In the Turks & Caicos Islands (America/Grand_Turk) the   # daylight saving dates for time changes have been adjusted to match   # the recent U.S. change of dates.   #   # From Brian Inglis (2007-04-28):   # http://www.turksandcaicos.tc/calendar/index.htm [2007-04-26]   # there is an entry for Nov 4 "Daylight Savings Time Ends 2007" and three   # rows before that there is an out of date entry for Oct:   # "Eastern Standard Times Begins 2007   # Clocks are set back one hour at 2:00 a.m. local Daylight Saving Time"
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:3350:   #   # From Paul Eggert (2014-08-19):   # The 2014-08-13 Cabinet meeting decided to stay on UT -04 year-round. See:   # http://tcweeklynews.com/daylight-savings-time-to-be-maintained-p5353-127.htm   # Model this as a switch from EST/EDT to AST ...   # From Chris Walton (2014-11-04):   # ... the TCI government appears to have delayed the switch to   # "permanent daylight saving time" by one year....   # http://tcweeklynews.com/time-change-to-go-ahead-this-november-p5437-127.htm   # + # From the Turks & Caicos Cabinet (2017-07-20), heads-up from Steffen Thorsen: + # ... agreed to the reintroduction in TCI of Daylight Saving Time (DST) + # during the summer months and Standard Time, also known as Local + # Time, during the winter months with effect from April 2018 ... + # https://www.gov.uk/government/news/turks-and-caicos-post-cabinet-meeting-statement--3 + # + # From Paul Eggert (2017-08-26): + # The date of effect of the spring 2018 change appears to be March 11, + # which makes more sense. See: Hamilton D. Time change back + # by March 2018 for TCI. Magnetic Media. 2017-08-25. + # http://magneticmediatv.com/2017/08/time-change-back-by-march-2018-for-tci/ + #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Grand_Turk -4:44:32 - LMT 1890    -5:07:11 - KMT 1912 Feb # Kingston Mean Time    -5:00 - EST 1979    -5:00 US E%sT 2015 Nov Sun>=1 2:00 -  -4:00 - AST +  -4:00 - AST 2018 Mar 11 3:00 +  -5:00 US E%sT      # British Virgin Is   # Virgin Is   # See America/Port_of_Spain.         # Local Variables:   # coding: utf-8   # End: