pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / northamerica

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:399:   # From an email administrator of the City of Fort Pierre, SD (2015-12-21):   # Fort Pierre is technically located in the Mountain time zone as is   # the rest of Stanley County. Most of Stanley County and Fort Pierre   # uses the Central time zone due to doing most of their business in   # Pierre so it simplifies schedules. I have lived in Stanley County   # all my life and it has been that way since I can remember. (43 years!)   #   # From Paul Eggert (2015-12-25):   # Assume this practice predates 1970, so Fort Pierre can use America/Chicago.    + # From Paul Eggert (2015-04-06): + # In 1950s Nashville a public clock had dueling faces, one for conservatives + # and the other for liberals; the two sides didn't agree about the time of day. + # I haven't found a photo of this clock, nor have I tracked down the TIME + # magazine report cited below, but here's the story as told by the late + # American journalist John Seigenthaler, who was there: + # + # "The two [newspaper] owners held strongly contrasting political and + # ideological views. Evans was a New South liberal, Stahlman an Old South + # conservative, and their two papers frequently clashed editorially, often on + # the same day.... In the 1950s as the state legislature was grappling with + # the question of whether to approve daylight saving time for the entire state, + # TIME magazine reported: + # + # "'The Nashville Banner and The Nashville Tennessean rarely agree on anything + # but the time of day - and last week they couldn't agree on that.' + # + # "It was all too true. The clock on the front of the building had two faces - + # The Tennessean side of the building facing west, the other, east. When it + # was high noon Banner time, it was 11 a.m. Tennessean time." + # + # Seigenthaler J. For 100 years, Tennessean had it covered. + # The Tennessean 2007-05-11, republished 2015-04-06. + # https://www.tennessean.com/story/insider/extras/2015/04/06/archives-seigenthaler-for-100-years-the-tennessean-had-it-covered/25348545/ +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER   Rule Chicago 1920 only - Jun 13 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Chicago 1920 1921 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Chicago 1921 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Chicago 1922 1966 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Chicago 1922 1954 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Chicago 1955 1966 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S   # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Chicago -5:50:36 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:09:24    -6:00 US C%sT 1920
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:938:   Zone America/Indiana/Vincennes -5:50:07 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:09:53    -6:00 US C%sT 1946    -6:00 Vincennes C%sT 1964 Apr 26 2:00    -5:00 - EST 1969    -5:00 US E%sT 1971    -5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00    -6:00 US C%sT 2007 Nov 4 2:00    -5:00 US E%sT   #   # Perry County, Indiana, switched from eastern to central time in April 2006. + # From Alois Triendl (2019-07-09): + # The Indianapolis News, Friday 27 October 1967 states that Perry County + # returned to CST. It went again to EST on 27 April 1969, as documented by the + # Indianapolis star of Saturday 26 April.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER - Rule Perry 1946 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D - Rule Perry 1946 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S - Rule Perry 1953 1954 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D - Rule Perry 1953 1959 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S +    Rule Perry 1955 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D -  + Rule Perry 1955 1960 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Perry 1956 1963 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D - Rule Perry 1960 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S - Rule Perry 1961 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S - Rule Perry 1962 1963 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S + Rule Perry 1961 1963 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S   # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Indiana/Tell_City -5:47:03 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:12:57    -6:00 US C%sT 1946    -6:00 Perry C%sT 1964 Apr 26 2:00 -  -5:00 - EST 1969 +  -5:00 - EST 1967 Oct 29 2:00 +  -6:00 US C%sT 1969 Apr 27 2:00    -5:00 US E%sT 1971    -5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00    -6:00 US C%sT   #   # Pike County, Indiana moved from central to eastern time in 1977,   # then switched back in 2006, then switched back again in 2007.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER   Rule Pike 1955 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D   Rule Pike 1955 1960 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Pike 1956 1964 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:1028:    -5:00 - EST 2006    -5:00 US E%sT      # From Paul Eggert (2018-03-20):   # The Louisville & Nashville Railroad's 1883-11-18 change occurred at   # 10:00 old local time; train were supposed to come to a standstill   # for precisely 18 minutes. See Bartky Fig. 1 (page 50). It is not   # clear how this matched civil time in Louisville, so for now continue   # to assume Louisville switched at noon new local time, like New York.   # + # From Michael Deckers (2019-08-06): + # From the contemporary source given by Alois Treindl, + # the switch in Louisville on 1946-04-28 was on 00:01 + # From Paul Eggert (2019-08-26): + # That source was the Louisville Courier-Journal, 1946-04-27, p 4. + # Shanks gives 02:00 for all 20th-century transition times in Louisville. + # Evidently this is wrong for spring 1946. Although also likely wrong + # for other dates, we have no data. + #   # Part of Kentucky left its clocks alone in 1974.   # This also includes Clark, Floyd, and Harrison counties in Indiana.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER   Rule Louisville 1921 only - May 1 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Louisville 1921 only - Sep 1 2:00 0 S - Rule Louisville 1941 1961 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D + Rule Louisville 1941 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Louisville 1941 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S -  + Rule Louisville 1946 only - Apr lastSun 0:01 1:00 D   Rule Louisville 1946 only - Jun 2 2:00 0 S -  + Rule Louisville 1950 1961 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Louisville 1950 1955 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S - Rule Louisville 1956 1960 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S + Rule Louisville 1956 1961 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S   # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Kentucky/Louisville -5:43:02 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:16:58    -6:00 US C%sT 1921    -6:00 Louisville C%sT 1942    -6:00 US C%sT 1946    -6:00 Louisville C%sT 1961 Jul 23 2:00    -5:00 - EST 1968    -5:00 US E%sT 1974 Jan 6 2:00    -6:00 1:00 CDT 1974 Oct 27 2:00    -5:00 US E%sT
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:1127:   # Committee on Sewers. Then, in 1905, Central time was adopted   # by city vote.   #   # This story is too entertaining to be false, so go with Howse over Shanks.   #   # From Paul Eggert (2001-03-06):   # Garland (1927) writes "Cleveland and Detroit advanced their clocks   # one hour in 1914." This change is not in Shanks. We have no more   # info, so omit this for now.   # - # From Paul Eggert (2017-07-26): - # Although Shanks says Detroit observed DST in 1967 from 06-14 00:01 - # until 10-29 00:01, I now see multiple reports that this is incorrect. - # For example, according to a 50-year anniversary report about the 1967 - # Detroit riots and a major-league doubleheader on 1967-07-23, "By the time - # the last fly ball of the doubleheader settled into the glove of leftfielder - # Lenny Green, it was after 7 p.m. Detroit did not observe daylight saving - # time, so light was already starting to fail. Twilight was made even deeper - # by billowing columns of smoke that ascended in an unbroken wall north of the - # ballpark." See: Dow B. Detroit '67: As violence unfolded, Tigers played two - # at home vs. Yankees. Detroit Free Press 2017-07-23. - # https://www.freep.com/story/sports/mlb/tigers/2017/07/23/detroit-tigers-1967-riot-new-york-yankees/499951001/ + # From Paul Eggert (2019-07-06): + # Due to a complicated set of legal maneuvers, in 1967 Michigan did + # not start daylight saving time when the rest of the US did. + # Instead, it began DST on Jun 14 at 00:01. This was big news: + # the Detroit Free Press reported it at the top of Page 1 on + # 1967-06-14, in an article "State Adjusting to Switch to Fast Time" + # by Gary Blonston, above an article about Thurgood Marshall's + # confirmation to the US Supreme Court. Although Shanks says Detroit + # observed DST until 1967-10-29 00:01, that time of day seems to be + # incorrect, as the Free Press later said DST ended in Michigan at the + # same time as the rest of the US. Also, although Shanks reports no DST in + # Detroit in 1968, it did observe DST that year; in the November 1968 + # election Michigan voters narrowly repealed DST, effective 1969.   #   # Most of Michigan observed DST from 1973 on, but was a bit late in 1975.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER   Rule Detroit 1948 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Detroit 1948 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S   # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Detroit -5:32:11 - LMT 1905    -6:00 - CST 1915 May 15 2:00    -5:00 - EST 1942    -5:00 US E%sT 1946 -  -5:00 Detroit E%sT 1973 +  -5:00 Detroit E%sT 1967 Jun 14 0:01 +  -5:00 US E%sT 1969 +  -5:00 - EST 1973    -5:00 US E%sT 1975    -5:00 - EST 1975 Apr 27 2:00    -5:00 US E%sT   #   # Dickinson, Gogebic, Iron, and Menominee Counties, Michigan,   # switched from EST to CST/CDT in 1973.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER   Rule Menominee 1946 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Menominee 1946 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Menominee 1966 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:1198:   #   # Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source   # for time zone data was the International Air Transport   # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),   # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries   # of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,   # IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.   #   # Other sources occasionally used include:   # + # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94 + # <https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>. + # + # Pearce C. The Great Daylight Saving Time Controversy. + # Australian Ebook Publisher. 2017. ISBN 978-1-925516-96-8. + #   # Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,   # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated),   # which I found in the UCLA library.   #   # William Willett, The Waste of Daylight, 19th edition   # <http://cs.ucla.edu/~eggert/The-Waste-of-Daylight-19th.pdf>   # [PDF] (1914-03)   # - # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94 - # <https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>. - # +    # See the 'europe' file for Greenland.      # Canada      # From Alain LaBonté (1994-11-14):   # I post here the time zone abbreviations standardized in Canada   # for both English and French in the CAN/CSA-Z234.4-89 standard....   #   # UTC Standard time Daylight saving time   # offset French English French English
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:1850:   # the city of Moose Jaw [Saskatchewan] has acted on its own hook."   # DST in Moose Jaw began on Saturday, 1912-06-01 (no time mentioned:   # presumably late evening, as below), and would run until "the end of   # the summer". The discrepancy between municipal time and railroad   # time was noted.      # From Paul Eggert (2003-07-27):   # Willett (1914-03) notes that DST "has been in operation ... in the   # City of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, for one year."    - # From Paul Eggert (2019-04-26): - # Chris Pearce's book "The Great Daylight Saving Time Controversy" (2017) - # says that Regina observed DST in 1914-1917. No dates and times, + # From Paul Eggert (2019-07-25): + # Pearce's book says Regina observed DST in 1914-1917. No dates and times,   # unfortunately. It also says that in 1914 Saskatoon observed DST   # from 1 June to 6 July, and that DST was also tried out in Davidson,   # Melfort, and Prince Albert.      # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # Shanks & Pottenger say that since 1970 this region has mostly been as Regina.   # Some western towns (e.g. Swift Current) switched from MST/MDT to CST in 1972.   # Other western towns (e.g. Lloydminster) are like Edmonton.   # Matthews and Vincent (1998) write that Denare Beach and Creighton   # are like Winnipeg, in violation of Saskatchewan law.
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:1932:    -6:00 - CST   Zone America/Swift_Current -7:11:20 - LMT 1905 Sep    -7:00 Canada M%sT 1946 Apr lastSun 2:00    -7:00 Regina M%sT 1950    -7:00 Swift M%sT 1972 Apr lastSun 2:00    -6:00 - CST         # Alberta    + # From Alois Triendl (2019-07-19): + # There was no DST in Alberta in 1967... Calgary Herald, 29 April 1967. + # 1969, no DST, from Edmonton Journal 18 April 1969 + # + # From Paul Eggert (2019-07-25): + # Pearce's book says that Alberta's 1948 Daylight Saving Act required + # Mountain Standard Time without DST, and that "anyone who broke that law + # could be fined up to $25 and costs". There seems to be no record of + # anybody paying the fine. The law was not changed until an August 1971 + # plebiscite reinstituted DST in 1972. This story is also mentioned in: + # Boyer JP. Forcing Choice: The Risky Reward of Referendums. Dundum. 2017. + # ISBN 978-1459739123. +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Edm 1918 1919 - Apr Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Edm 1918 only - Oct 27 2:00 0 S   Rule Edm 1919 only - May 27 2:00 0 S   Rule Edm 1920 1923 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Edm 1920 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Edm 1921 1923 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Edm 1942 only - Feb 9 2:00 1:00 W # War   Rule Edm 1945 only - Aug 14 23:00u 1:00 P # Peace   Rule Edm 1945 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Edm 1947 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Edm 1947 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S - Rule Edm 1967 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D - Rule Edm 1967 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S - Rule Edm 1969 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D - Rule Edm 1969 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S +    Rule Edm 1972 1986 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Edm 1972 2006 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S   # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Edmonton -7:33:52 - LMT 1906 Sep    -7:00 Edm M%sT 1987    -7:00 Canada M%sT         # British Columbia   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:2030:   # America/Dawson_Creek.   # http://www.northernrockies.ca/EN/meta/news/archives/2015/northern-rockies-time-change.html   #   # From Tim Parenti (2015-09-23):   # This requires a new zone for the Northern Rockies Regional Municipality,   # America/Fort_Nelson. The resolution of 2014-12-08 was reached following a   # 2014-11-15 poll with nearly 75% support. Effectively, the municipality has   # been on MST (-0700) like Dawson Creek since it advanced its clocks on   # 2015-03-08.   # - # From Paul Eggert (2015-09-23): + # From Paul Eggert (2019-07-25):   # Shanks says Fort Nelson did not observe DST in 1946, unlike Vancouver. -  + # Alois Triendl confirmed this on 07-22, citing the 1946-04-27 Vancouver Daily + # Province. He also cited the 1946-09-28 Victoria Daily Times, which said + # that Vancouver, Victoria, etc. "change at midnight Saturday"; for now, + # guess they meant 02:00 Sunday since 02:00 was common practice in Vancouver. + # + # Early Vancouver, Volume Four, by Major J.S. Matthews, V.D., 2011 edition + # says that a 1922 plebiscite adopted DST, but a 1923 plebiscite rejected it. + # http://former.vancouver.ca/ctyclerk/archives/digitized/EarlyVan/SearchEarlyVan/Vol4pdf/MatthewsEarlyVancouverVol4_DaylightSavings.pdf + # A catalog entry for a newspaper clipping seems to indicate that Vancouver + # observed DST in 1941 from 07-07 through 09-27; see + # https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/daylight-saving-1918-starts-again-july-7-1941-start-d-s-sept-27-end-of-d-s-1941 + # We have no further details, so omit them for now.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Vanc 1918 only - Apr 14 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Vanc 1918 only - Oct 27 2:00 0 S   Rule Vanc 1942 only - Feb 9 2:00 1:00 W # War   Rule Vanc 1945 only - Aug 14 23:00u 1:00 P # Peace   Rule Vanc 1945 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 S   Rule Vanc 1946 1986 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D - Rule Vanc 1946 only - Oct 13 2:00 0 S + Rule Vanc 1946 only - Sep 29 2:00 0 S   Rule Vanc 1947 1961 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Vanc 1962 2006 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S   # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Vancouver -8:12:28 - LMT 1884    -8:00 Vanc P%sT 1987    -8:00 Canada P%sT   Zone America/Dawson_Creek -8:00:56 - LMT 1884    -8:00 Canada P%sT 1947    -8:00 Vanc P%sT 1972 Aug 30 2:00    -7:00 - MST