pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / northamerica

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:18:      # From Paul Eggert (1999-03-31):   # Howse writes (pp 121-125) that time zones were invented by   # Professor Charles Ferdinand Dowd (1825-1904),   # Principal of Temple Grove Ladies' Seminary (Saratoga Springs, NY).   # His pamphlet "A System of National Time for Railroads" (1870)   # was the result of his proposals at the Convention of Railroad Trunk Lines   # in New York City (1869-10). His 1870 proposal was based on Washington, DC,   # but in 1872-05 he moved the proposed origin to Greenwich.    - # From Paul Eggert (2016-09-21): + # From Paul Eggert (2018-03-20):   # Dowd's proposal left many details unresolved, such as where to draw   # lines between time zones. The key individual who made time zones   # work in the US was William Frederick Allen - railway engineer,   # managing editor of the Travelers' Guide, and secretary of the   # General Time Convention, a railway standardization group. Allen   # spent months in dialogs with scientific and railway leaders,   # developed a workable plan to institute time zones, and presented it   # to the General Time Convention on 1883-04-11, saying that his plan   # meant "local time would be practically abolished" - a plus for   # railway scheduling. By the next convention on 1883-10-11 nearly all - # railroads had agreed and it took effect on 1883-11-18 at 12:00. - # That Sunday was called the "day of two noons", as the eastern parts - # of the new zones observed noon twice. Allen witnessed the - # transition in New York City, writing: + # railroads had agreed and it took effect on 1883-11-18. That Sunday + # was called the "day of two noons", as some locations observed noon + # twice. Allen witnessed the transition in New York City, writing:   #   # I heard the bells of St. Paul's strike on the old time. Four   # minutes later, obedient to the electrical signal from the Naval   # Observatory ... the time-ball made its rapid descent, the chimes   # of old Trinity rang twelve measured strokes, and local time was   # abandoned, probably forever.   #   # Most of the US soon followed suit. See:   # Bartky IR. The adoption of standard time. Technol Cult 1989 Jan;30(1):25-56.   # http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3105430
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:417:   # ...it appears that Mercer County, North Dakota, changed from the   # mountain time zone to the central time zone at the last transition from   # daylight-saving to standard time (on Nov. 7, 2010):   # https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-09-29/html/2010-24376.htm   # http://www.bismarcktribune.com/news/local/article_1eb1b588-c758-11df-b472-001cc4c03286.html      # From Andy Lipscomb (2011-01-24):   # ...according to the Census Bureau, the largest city is Beulah (although   # it's commonly referred to as Beulah-Hazen, with Hazen being the next   # largest city in Mercer County). Google Maps places Beulah's city hall - # at 47 degrees 15' 51" N, 101 degrees 46' 40" W, which yields an offset - # of 6h47'07". + # at 47° 15' 51" N, 101° 46' 40" W, which yields an offset of 6h47'07".      Zone America/North_Dakota/Beulah -6:47:07 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:12:53    -7:00 US M%sT 2010 Nov 7 2:00    -6:00 US C%sT      # US mountain time, represented by Denver   #   # Colorado, far western Kansas, Montana, western   # Nebraska, Nevada border (Jackpot, Owyhee, and Mountain City),   # New Mexico, southwestern North Dakota,
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:451:    -7:00 Denver M%sT 1942    -7:00 US M%sT 1946    -7:00 Denver M%sT 1967    -7:00 US M%sT      # US Pacific time, represented by Los Angeles   #   # California, northern Idaho (Benewah, Bonner, Boundary, Clearwater,   # Kootenai, Latah, Lewis, Nez Perce, and Shoshone counties, Idaho county   # north of the Salmon River, and the towns of Burgdorf and Warren), - # Nevada (except West Wendover), Oregon (except the northern 3/4 of + # Nevada (except West Wendover), Oregon (except the northern ¾ of   # Malheur county), and Washington      # From Paul Eggert (2016-08-20):   # In early February 1948, in response to California's electricity shortage,   # PG&E changed power frequency from 60 to 59.5 Hz during daylight hours,   # causing electric clocks to lose six minutes per day. (This did not change   # legal time, and is not part of the data here.) See:   # Ross SA. An energy crisis from the past: Northern California in 1948.   # Working Paper No. 8, Institute of Governmental Studies, UC Berkeley,   # 1973-11. https://escholarship.org/uc/item/8x22k30c
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:949:   #   # Switzerland County, Indiana, did not observe DST from 1973 through 2005.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Indiana/Vevay -5:40:16 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:19:44    -6:00 US C%sT 1954 Apr 25 2:00    -5:00 - EST 1969    -5:00 US E%sT 1973    -5:00 - EST 2006    -5:00 US E%sT    + # From Paul Eggert (2018-03-20): + # The Louisville & Nashville Railroad's 1883-11-18 change occurred at + # 10:00 old local time; train were supposed to come to a standstill + # for precisely 18 minutes. See Bartky Fig. 1 (page 50). It is not + # clear how this matched civil time in Louisville, so for now continue + # to assume Louisville switched at noon new local time, like New York. + #   # Part of Kentucky left its clocks alone in 1974.   # This also includes Clark, Floyd, and Harrison counties in Indiana.   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER   Rule Louisville 1921 only - May 1 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Louisville 1921 only - Sep 1 2:00 0 S   Rule Louisville 1941 1961 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D   Rule Louisville 1941 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Louisville 1946 only - Jun 2 2:00 0 S   Rule Louisville 1950 1955 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S   Rule Louisville 1956 1960 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:3257:   # Lance Neita writes that Prime Minister Michael Manley decreed it January 5.   # Assume Neita meant Jan 6 02:00, the same as the US. Neita also writes that   # Manley's supporters associated this act with Manley's nickname "Joshua"   # (recall that in the Bible the sun stood still at Joshua's request),   # and with the Rod of Correction which Manley said he had received from   # Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia. See:   # Neita L. The politician in all of us. Jamaica Observer 2014-09-20   # http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/columns/The-politician-in-all-of-us_17573647   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone America/Jamaica -5:07:11 - LMT 1890 # Kingston -  -5:07:11 - KMT 1912 Feb # Kingston Mean Time + Zone America/Jamaica -5:07:10 - LMT 1890 # Kingston +  -5:07:10 - KMT 1912 Feb # Kingston Mean Time    -5:00 - EST 1974    -5:00 US E%sT 1984    -5:00 - EST      # Martinique   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Martinique -4:04:20 - LMT 1890 # Fort-de-France    -4:04:20 - FFMT 1911 May # Fort-de-France MT    -4:00 - AST 1980 Apr 6    -4:00 1:00 ADT 1980 Sep 28
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/northamerica:3408:   # https://www.gov.uk/government/news/turks-and-caicos-post-cabinet-meeting-statement--3   #   # From Paul Eggert (2017-08-26):   # The date of effect of the spring 2018 change appears to be March 11,   # which makes more sense. See: Hamilton D. Time change back   # by March 2018 for TCI. Magnetic Media. 2017-08-25.   # http://magneticmediatv.com/2017/08/time-change-back-by-march-2018-for-tci/   #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Grand_Turk -4:44:32 - LMT 1890 -  -5:07:11 - KMT 1912 Feb # Kingston Mean Time +  -5:07:10 - KMT 1912 Feb # Kingston Mean Time    -5:00 - EST 1979    -5:00 US E%sT 2015 Nov Sun>=1 2:00    -4:00 - AST 2018 Mar 11 3:00    -5:00 US E%sT      # British Virgin Is   # Virgin Is   # See America/Port_of_Spain.         # Local Variables:   # coding: utf-8   # End: