pike.git / lib / modules / Calendar.pmod / tzdata / southamerica

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pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/southamerica:1: - # @(#)southamerica 7.38 + # <pre> + # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of + # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.      # This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,   # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to - # tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future). + # tz@iana.org for general use in the future).    - # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1999-07-07): + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):   # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is - # Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition), - # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999). + # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition), + # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).   # - # Gwillim Law <Gwil_Law@bridge-point.com> writes that a good source + # For data circa 1899, a common source is: + # Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94 + # <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>. + # + # Gwillim Law writes that a good source   # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport   # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),   # published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries   # of the IATA's data after 1990.   # - # Except where otherwise noted, Shanks is the source for entries through 1990, - # and IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990. + # Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for + # entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.   #   # Earlier editions of these tables used the North American style (e.g. ARST and   # ARDT for Argentine Standard and Daylight Time), but the following quote   # suggests that it's better to use European style (e.g. ART and ARST).   # I suggest the use of _Summer time_ instead of the more cumbersome   # _daylight-saving time_. _Summer time_ seems to be in general use   # in Europe and South America.   # -- E O Cutler, _New York Times_ (1937-02-14), quoted in   # H L Mencken, _The American Language: Supplement I_ (1960), p 466   #
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/southamerica:51:      # Argentina      # From Bob Devine (1988-01-28):   # Argentina: first Sunday in October to first Sunday in April since 1976.   # Double Summer time from 1969 to 1974. Switches at midnight.      # From U. S. Naval Observatory (1988-01-199):   # ARGENTINA 3 H BEHIND UTC    - # From Hernan G. Otero <hernan@isoft.com.ar> (1995-06-26): + # From Hernan G. Otero (1995-06-26):   # I am sending modifications to the Argentine time zone table...   # AR was chosen because they are the ISO letters that represent Argentina.      # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Arg 1930 only - Dec 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Arg 1931 only - Apr 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Arg 1931 only - Oct 15 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Arg 1932 1940 - Mar 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Arg 1932 1939 - Nov 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Arg 1940 only - Jul 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Arg 1941 only - Jun 15 0:00 0 -   Rule Arg 1941 only - Oct 15 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Arg 1943 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Arg 1943 only - Oct 15 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Arg 1946 only - Mar 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Arg 1946 only - Oct 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Arg 1963 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Arg 1963 only - Dec 15 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Arg 1964 1966 - Mar 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Arg 1964 1966 - Oct 15 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Arg 1967 only - Apr 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Arg 1967 only - Apr 2 0:00 0 -   Rule Arg 1967 1968 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Arg 1968 1969 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 0 -   Rule Arg 1974 only - Jan 23 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Arg 1974 only - May 1 0:00 0 - - Rule Arg 1974 1976 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Arg 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 0 - - Rule Arg 1985 only - Nov 2 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Arg 1986 only - Mar 14 0:00 0 - - Rule Arg 1986 1987 - Oct 25 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Arg 1987 only - Feb 13 0:00 0 - - Rule Arg 1988 only - Feb 7 0:00 0 - +    Rule Arg 1988 only - Dec 1 0:00 1:00 S   # - # From Hernan G. Otero <hernan@isoft.com.ar> (1995-06-26): + # From Hernan G. Otero (1995-06-26):   # These corrections were contributed by InterSoft Argentina S.A.,   # obtaining the data from the:   # Talleres de Hidrografia Naval Argentina   # (Argentine Naval Hydrography Institute) - # - # Shanks stops after 1992-03-01; go with Otero. +    Rule Arg 1989 1993 - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 -   Rule Arg 1989 1992 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S   # - # From Hernan G. Otero <hernan@isoft.com.ar> (1995-06-26): + # From Hernan G. Otero (1995-06-26):   # From this moment on, the law that mandated the daylight saving   # time corrections was derogated and no more modifications   # to the time zones (for daylight saving) are now made.   #   # From Rives McDow (2000-01-10):   # On October 3, 1999, 0:00 local, Argentina implemented daylight savings time,   # which did not result in the switch of a time zone, as they stayed 9 hours   # from the International Date Line.   Rule Arg 1999 only - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Arg 2000 only - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 - + # From Paul Eggert (2007-12-28): + # DST was set to expire on March 5, not March 3, but since it was converted + # to standard time on March 3 it's more convenient for us to pretend that + # it ended on March 3. + Rule Arg 2000 only - Mar 3 0:00 0 -   #   # From Peter Gradelski via Steffen Thorsen (2000-03-01):   # We just checked with our Sao Paulo office and they say the government of   # Argentina decided not to become one of the countries that go on or off DST.   # So Buenos Aires should be -3 hours from GMT at all times.   # - # From Fabian L. Arce Jofre <farcejofre@bigfoot.com> (2000-04-04): + # From Fabian L. Arce Jofre (2000-04-04):   # The law that claimed DST for Argentina was derogated by President Fernando   # de la Rua on March 2, 2000, because it would make people spend more energy   # in the winter time, rather than less. The change took effect on March 3.   # -  + # From Mariano Absatz (2001-06-06): + # one of the major newspapers here in Argentina said that the 1999 + # Timezone Law (which never was effectively applied) will (would?) be + # in effect.... The article is at + # http://ar.clarin.com/diario/2001-06-06/e-01701.htm + # ... The Law itself is "Ley No 25155", sanctioned on 1999-08-25, enacted + # 1999-09-17, and published 1999-09-21. The official publication is at: + # http://www.boletin.jus.gov.ar/BON/Primera/1999/09-Septiembre/21/PDF/BO21-09-99LEG.PDF + # Regretfully, you have to subscribe (and pay) for the on-line version.... + # + # (2001-06-12): + # the timezone for Argentina will not change next Sunday. + # Apparently it will do so on Sunday 24th.... + # http://ar.clarin.com/diario/2001-06-12/s-03501.htm + # + # (2001-06-25): + # Last Friday (yes, the last working day before the date of the change), the + # Senate annulled the 1999 law that introduced the changes later postponed. + # http://www.clarin.com.ar/diario/2001-06-22/s-03601.htm + # It remains the vote of the Deputies..., but it will be the same.... + # This kind of things had always been done this way in Argentina. + # We are still -03:00 all year round in all of the country. + # + # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-12-21): + # A user (Leonardo Chaim) reported that Argentina will adopt DST.... + # all of the country (all Zone-entries) are affected. News reports like + # http://www.lanacion.com.ar/opinion/nota.asp?nota_id=973037 indicate + # that Argentina will use DST next year as well, from October to + # March, although exact rules are not given. + # + # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2007-12-26) + # The last hurdle of Argentina DST is over, the proposal was approved in + # the lower chamber too (Deputados) with a vote 192 for and 2 against. + # By the way thanks to Mariano Absatz and Daniel Mario Vega for the link to + # the original scanned proposal, where the dates and the zero hours are + # clear and unambiguous...This is the article about final approval: + # <a href="http://www.lanacion.com.ar/politica/nota.asp?nota_id=973996"> + # http://www.lanacion.com.ar/politica/nota.asp?nota_id=973996 + # </a> + # + # From Paul Eggert (2007-12-22): + # For dates after mid-2008, the following rules are my guesses and + # are quite possibly wrong, but are more likely than no DST at all. +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2008-09-05): + # As per message from Carlos Alberto Fonseca Arauz (Nicaragua), + # Argentina will start DST on Sunday October 19, 2008. + # + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_argentina03.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_argentina03.html + # </a> + # OR + # <a href="http://www.impulsobaires.com.ar/nota.php?id=57832 (in spanish)"> + # http://www.impulsobaires.com.ar/nota.php?id=57832 (in spanish) + # </a> +  + # From Rodrigo Severo (2008-10-06): + # Here is some info available at a Gentoo bug related to TZ on Argentina's DST: + # ... + # ------- Comment #1 from [jmdocile] 2008-10-06 16:28 0000 ------- + # Hi, there is a problem with timezone-data-2008e and maybe with + # timezone-data-2008f + # Argentinian law [Number] 25.155 is no longer valid. + # <a href="http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/60000-64999/60036/norma.htm"> + # http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/60000-64999/60036/norma.htm + # </a> + # The new one is law [Number] 26.350 + # <a href="http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/135000-139999/136191/norma.htm"> + # http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/135000-139999/136191/norma.htm + # </a> + # So there is no summer time in Argentina for now. +  + # From Mariano Absatz (2008-10-20): + # Decree 1693/2008 applies Law 26.350 for the summer 2008/2009 establishing DST in Argentina + # From 2008-10-19 until 2009-03-15 + # <a href="http://www.boletinoficial.gov.ar/Bora.Portal/CustomControls/PdfContent.aspx?fp=16102008&pi=3&pf=4&s=0&sec=01"> + # http://www.boletinoficial.gov.ar/Bora.Portal/CustomControls/PdfContent.aspx?fp=16102008&pi=3&pf=4&s=0&sec=01 + # </a> + # + # Decree 1705/2008 excepting 12 Provinces from applying DST in the summer 2008/2009: + # Catamarca, La Rioja, Mendoza, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, La Pampa, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Chubut, Santa Cruz + # and Tierra del Fuego + # <a href="http://www.boletinoficial.gov.ar/Bora.Portal/CustomControls/PdfContent.aspx?fp=17102008&pi=1&pf=1&s=0&sec=01"> + # http://www.boletinoficial.gov.ar/Bora.Portal/CustomControls/PdfContent.aspx?fp=17102008&pi=1&pf=1&s=0&sec=01 + # </a> + # + # Press release 235 dated Saturday October 18th, from the Government of the Province of Jujuy saying + # it will not apply DST either (even when it was not included in Decree 1705/2008) + # <a href="http://www.jujuy.gov.ar/index2/partes_prensa/18_10_08/235-181008.doc"> + # http://www.jujuy.gov.ar/index2/partes_prensa/18_10_08/235-181008.doc + # </a> +  + # From fullinet (2009-10-18): + # As announced in + # <a hef="http://www.argentina.gob.ar/argentina/portal/paginas.dhtml?pagina=356"> + # http://www.argentina.gob.ar/argentina/portal/paginas.dhtml?pagina=356 + # </a> + # (an official .gob.ar) under title: "Sin Cambio de Hora" (english: "No hour change") + # + # "Por el momento, el Gobierno Nacional resolvio no modificar la hora + # oficial, decision que estaba en estudio para su implementacion el + # domingo 18 de octubre. Desde el Ministerio de Planificacion se anuncio + # que la Argentina hoy, en estas condiciones meteorologicas, no necesita + # la modificacion del huso horario, ya que 2009 nos encuentra con + # crecimiento en la produccion y distribucion energetica." +  + Rule Arg 2007 only - Dec 30 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Arg 2008 2009 - Mar Sun>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Arg 2008 only - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S +  + # From Mariano Absatz (2004-05-21): + # Today it was officially published that the Province of Mendoza is changing + # its timezone this winter... starting tomorrow night.... + # http://www.gobernac.mendoza.gov.ar/boletin/pdf/20040521-27158-normas.pdf + # From Paul Eggert (2004-05-24): + # It's Law No. 7,210. This change is due to a public power emergency, so for + # now we'll assume it's for this year only. + # + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # <a href="http://www.spicasc.net/horvera.html"> + # Hora de verano para la Republica Argentina (2003-06-08) + # </a> says that standard time in Argentina from 1894-10-31 + # to 1920-05-01 was -4:16:48.25. Go with this more-precise value + # over Shanks & Pottenger. + # + # From Mariano Absatz (2004-06-05): + # These media articles from a major newspaper mostly cover the current state: + # http://www.lanacion.com.ar/04/05/27/de_604825.asp + # http://www.lanacion.com.ar/04/05/28/de_605203.asp + # + # The following eight (8) provinces pulled clocks back to UTC-04:00 at + # midnight Monday May 31st. (that is, the night between 05/31 and 06/01). + # Apparently, all nine provinces would go back to UTC-03:00 at the same + # time in October 17th. + # + # Catamarca, Chubut, La Rioja, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz, + # Tierra del Fuego, Tucuman. + # + # From Mariano Absatz (2004-06-14): + # ... this weekend, the Province of Tucuman decided it'd go back to UTC-03:00 + # yesterday midnight (that is, at 24:00 Saturday 12th), since the people's + # annoyance with the change is much higher than the power savings obtained.... + # + # From Gwillim Law (2004-06-14): + # http://www.lanacion.com.ar/04/06/10/de_609078.asp ... + # "The time change in Tierra del Fuego was a conflicted decision from + # the start. The government had decreed that the measure would take + # effect on June 1, but a normative error forced the new time to begin + # three days earlier, from a Saturday to a Sunday.... + # Our understanding was that the change was originally scheduled to take place + # on June 1 at 00:00 in Chubut, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego (and some other + # provinces). Sunday was May 30, only two days earlier. So the article + # contains a contradiction. I would give more credence to the Saturday/Sunday + # date than the "three days earlier" phrase, and conclude that Tierra del + # Fuego set its clocks back at 2004-05-30 00:00. + # + # From Steffen Thorsen (2004-10-05): + # The previous law 7210 which changed the province of Mendoza's time zone + # back in May have been modified slightly in a new law 7277, which set the + # new end date to 2004-09-26 (original date was 2004-10-17). + # http://www.gobernac.mendoza.gov.ar/boletin/pdf/20040924-27244-normas.pdf + # + # From Mariano Absatz (2004-10-05): + # San Juan changed from UTC-03:00 to UTC-04:00 at midnight between + # Sunday, May 30th and Monday, May 31st. It changed back to UTC-03:00 + # at midnight between Saturday, July 24th and Sunday, July 25th.... + # http://www.sanjuan.gov.ar/prensa/archivo/000329.html + # http://www.sanjuan.gov.ar/prensa/archivo/000426.html + # http://www.sanjuan.gov.ar/prensa/archivo/000441.html +  + # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-01-17): + # Here are articles that Argentina Province San Luis is planning to end DST + # as earlier as upcoming Monday January 21, 2008 or February 2008: + # + # Provincia argentina retrasa reloj y marca diferencia con resto del pais + # (Argentine Province delayed clock and mark difference with the rest of the + # country) + # <a href="http://cl.invertia.com/noticias/noticia.aspx?idNoticia=200801171849_EFE_ET4373&idtel"> + # http://cl.invertia.com/noticias/noticia.aspx?idNoticia=200801171849_EFE_ET4373&idtel + # </a> + # + # Es inminente que en San Luis atrasen una hora los relojes + # (It is imminent in San Luis clocks one hour delay) + # <a href="http://www.lagaceta.com.ar/vernotae.asp?id_nota=253414"> + # http://www.lagaceta.com.ar/vernotae.asp?id_nota=253414 + # </a> + # + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_argentina02.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_argentina02.html + # </a> +  + # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2008-01-18): + # The page of the San Luis provincial government + # <a href="http://www.sanluis.gov.ar/notas.asp?idCanal=0&id=22812"> + # http://www.sanluis.gov.ar/notas.asp?idCanal=0&id=22812 + # </a> + # confirms what Alex Krivenyshev has earlier sent to the tz + # emailing list about that San Luis plans to return to standard + # time much earlier than the rest of the country. It also + # confirms that upon request the provinces San Juan and Mendoza + # refused to follow San Luis in this change. + # + # The change is supposed to take place Monday the 21.st at 0:00 + # hours. As far as I understand it if this goes ahead, we need + # a new timezone for San Luis (although there are also documented + # independent changes in the southamerica file of San Luis in + # 1990 and 1991 which has not been confirmed). +  + # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2008-01-25): + # Unfortunately the below page has become defunct, about the San Luis + # time change. Perhaps because it now is part of a group of pages "Most + # important pages of 2008." + # + # You can use + # <a href="http://www.sanluis.gov.ar/notas.asp?idCanal=8141&id=22834"> + # http://www.sanluis.gov.ar/notas.asp?idCanal=8141&id=22834 + # </a> + # instead it seems. Or use "Buscador" from the main page of the San Luis + # government, and fill in "huso" and click OK, and you will get 3 pages + # from which the first one is identical to the above. +  + # From Mariano Absatz (2008-01-28): + # I can confirm that the Province of San Luis (and so far only that + # province) decided to go back to UTC-3 effective midnight Jan 20th 2008 + # (that is, Monday 21st at 0:00 is the time the clocks were delayed back + # 1 hour), and they intend to keep UTC-3 as their timezone all year round + # (that is, unless they change their mind any minute now). + # + # So we'll have to add yet another city to 'southamerica' (I think San + # Luis city is the mos populated city in the Province, so it'd be + # America/Argentina/San_Luis... of course I can't remember if San Luis's + # history of particular changes goes along with Mendoza or San Juan :-( + # (I only remember not being able to collect hard facts about San Luis + # back in 2004, when these provinces changed to UTC-4 for a few days, I + # mailed them personally and never got an answer). +  + # From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30): + # Unless otherwise specified, data are from Shanks & Pottenger through 1992, + # from the IATA otherwise. As noted below, Shanks & Pottenger say that + # America/Cordoba split into 6 subregions during 1991/1992, one of which + # was America/San_Luis, but we haven't verified this yet so for now we'll + # keep America/Cordoba a single region rather than splitting it into the + # other 5 subregions. +  + # From Mariano Absatz (2009-03-13): + # Yesterday (with our usual 2-day notice) the Province of San Luis + # decided that next Sunday instead of "staying" @utc-03:00 they will go + # to utc-04:00 until the second Saturday in October... + # + # The press release is at + # <a href="http://www.sanluis.gov.ar/SL/Paginas/NoticiaDetalle.asp?TemaId=1&InfoPrensaId=3102"> + # http://www.sanluis.gov.ar/SL/Paginas/NoticiaDetalle.asp?TemaId=1&InfoPrensaId=3102 + # </a> + # (I couldn't find the decree, but + # <a href="http://www.sanluis.gov.ar"> + # www.sanluis.gov.ar + # <a/> + # is the official page for the Province Government). + # + # There's also a note in only one of the major national papers ... + # http://www.lanacion.com.ar/nota.asp?nota_id=1107912 + # + # The press release says [quick and dirty translation]: + # ... announced that next Sunday, at 00:00, Puntanos (the San Luis + # inhabitants) will have to turn back one hour their clocks + # + # Since then, San Luis will establish its own Province timezone. Thus, + # during 2009, this timezone change will run from 00:00 the third Sunday + # in March until 24:00 of the second Saturday in October. +  + # From Mariano Absatz (2009-10-16): + # ...the Province of San Luis is a case in itself. + # + # The Law at + # <a href="http://www.diputadossanluis.gov.ar/diputadosasp/paginas/verNorma.asp?NormaID=276>" + # http://www.diputadossanluis.gov.ar/diputadosasp/paginas/verNorma.asp?NormaID=276 + # </a> + # is ambiguous because establishes a calendar from the 2nd Sunday in + # October at 0:00 thru the 2nd Saturday in March at 24:00 and the + # complement of that starting on the 2nd Sunday of March at 0:00 and + # ending on the 2nd Saturday of March at 24:00. + # + # This clearly breaks every time the 1st of March or October is a Sunday. + # + # IMHO, the "spirit of the Law" is to make the changes at 0:00 on the 2nd + # Sunday of October and March. + # + # The problem is that the changes in the rest of the Provinces that did + # change in 2007/2008, were made according to the Federal Law and Decrees + # that did so on the 3rd Sunday of October and March. + # + # In fact, San Luis actually switched from UTC-4 to UTC-3 last Sunday + # (October 11th) at 0:00. + # + # So I guess a new set of rules, besides "Arg", must be made and the last + # America/Argentina/San_Luis entries should change to use these... + # + # I'm enclosing a patch that does what I say... regretfully, the San Luis + # timezone must be called "WART/WARST" even when most of the time (like, + # right now) WARST == ART... that is, since last Sunday, all the country + # is using UTC-3, but in my patch, San Luis calls it "WARST" and the rest + # of the country calls it "ART". + # ... +  + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-04-09): + # According to news reports from El Diario de la Republica Province San + # Luis, Argentina (standard time UTC-04) will keep Daylight Saving Time + # after April 11, 2010--will continue to have same time as rest of + # Argentina (UTC-3) (no DST). + # + # Confirmaron la pr&oacute;rroga del huso horario de verano (Spanish) + # <a href="http://www.eldiariodelarepublica.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=29383&Itemid=9"> + # http://www.eldiariodelarepublica.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=29383&Itemid=9 + # </a> + # or (some English translation): + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_argentina08.html"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_argentina08.html + # </a> +  + # From Mariano Absatz (2010-04-12): + # yes...I can confirm this...and given that San Luis keeps calling + # UTC-03:00 "summer time", we should't just let San Luis go back to "Arg" + # rules...San Luis is still using "Western ARgentina Time" and it got + # stuck on Summer daylight savings time even though the summer is over. +  + # From Paul Eggert (2013-09-05): + # Perhaps San Luis operates on the legal fiction that it is at UTC-4 + # with perpetual summer time, but ordinary usage typically seems to + # just say it's at UTC-3; see, for example, + # <http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hora_oficial_argentina>. + # We've documented similar situations as being plain changes to + # standard time, so let's do that here too. This does not change UTC + # offsets, only tm_isdst and the time zone abbreviations. One minor + # plus is that this silences a zic complaint that there's no POSIX TZ + # setting for time stamps past 2038. +  + # From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21): + # Milne says Cordoba time was -4:16:48.2. Round to the nearest second. +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   # - # Buenos Aires (BA), Capital Federal (CF), Santa Cruz (SC), - # Tierra del Fuego, Antartida e Islas del Atlantico Sur (TF) - Zone America/Buenos_Aires -3:53:48 - LMT 1894 Nov -  -4:16:44 - CMT 1920 May # Cordoba Mean Time + # Buenos Aires (BA), Capital Federal (CF), + Zone America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires -3:53:48 - LMT 1894 Oct 31 +  -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May # Cordoba Mean Time    -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec    -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5 -  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3 0:00 -  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 0:00 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3 +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT + # + # Cordoba (CB), Santa Fe (SF), Entre Rios (ER), Corrientes (CN), Misiones (MN), + # Chaco (CC), Formosa (FM), Santiago del Estero (SE) + # + # Shanks & Pottenger also make the following claims, which we haven't verified: + # - Formosa switched to -3:00 on 1991-01-07. + # - Misiones switched to -3:00 on 1990-12-29. + # - Chaco switched to -3:00 on 1991-01-04. + # - Santiago del Estero switched to -4:00 on 1991-04-01, + # then to -3:00 on 1991-04-26. + # + Zone America/Argentina/Cordoba -4:16:48 - LMT 1894 Oct 31 +  -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May +  -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Mar 3 +  -4:00 - WART 1991 Oct 20 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3 +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT + # + # Salta (SA), La Pampa (LP), Neuquen (NQ), Rio Negro (RN) + Zone America/Argentina/Salta -4:21:40 - LMT 1894 Oct 31 +  -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May +  -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Mar 3 +  -4:00 - WART 1991 Oct 20 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3 +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18    -3:00 - ART   # - # Santa Fe (SF), Entre Rios (ER), Corrientes (CN), Misiones (MN), Chaco (CC), - # Formosa (FM), La Pampa (LP), Chubut (CH) - Zone America/Rosario -4:02:40 - LMT 1894 Nov -  -4:16:44 - CMT 1920 May + # Tucuman (TM) + Zone America/Argentina/Tucuman -4:20:52 - LMT 1894 Oct 31 +  -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May    -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec    -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5 -  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Jul -  -3:00 - ART 1999 Oct 3 0:00 -  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 0:00 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Mar 3 +  -4:00 - WART 1991 Oct 20 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3 +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 +  -3:00 - ART 2004 Jun 1 +  -4:00 - WART 2004 Jun 13 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT + # + # La Rioja (LR) + Zone America/Argentina/La_Rioja -4:27:24 - LMT 1894 Oct 31 +  -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May +  -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Mar 1 +  -4:00 - WART 1991 May 7 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3 +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 +  -3:00 - ART 2004 Jun 1 +  -4:00 - WART 2004 Jun 20 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18    -3:00 - ART   # - # Cordoba (CB), Santiago del Estero (SE), Salta (SA), Tucuman (TM), La Rioja (LR), San Juan (SJ), San Luis (SL), - # Neuquen (NQ), Rio Negro (RN) - Zone America/Cordoba -4:16:44 - LMT 1894 Nov -  -4:16:44 - CMT 1920 May + # San Juan (SJ) + Zone America/Argentina/San_Juan -4:34:04 - LMT 1894 Oct 31 +  -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May    -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec    -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5 -  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1990 Jul -  -3:00 - ART 1999 Oct 3 0:00 -  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 0:00 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Mar 1 +  -4:00 - WART 1991 May 7 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3 +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 +  -3:00 - ART 2004 May 31 +  -4:00 - WART 2004 Jul 25 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18    -3:00 - ART   #   # Jujuy (JY) - Zone America/Jujuy -4:21:12 - LMT 1894 Nov -  -4:16:44 - CMT 1920 May + Zone America/Argentina/Jujuy -4:21:12 - LMT 1894 Oct 31 +  -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May    -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec    -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5 -  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Mar 3 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1990 Mar 4 +  -4:00 - WART 1990 Oct 28 +  -4:00 1:00 WARST 1991 Mar 17    -4:00 - WART 1991 Oct 6 -  -4:00 1:00 WARST 1992 Mar 15 -  -4:00 - WART 1992 Oct 18 -  -3:00 - ART 1999 Oct 3 0:00 -  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 0:00 +  -3:00 1:00 ARST 1992 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3 +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18    -3:00 - ART   # - # Catamarca (CT) - Zone America/Catamarca -4:23:08 - LMT 1894 Nov -  -4:16:44 - CMT 1920 May + # Catamarca (CT), Chubut (CH) + Zone America/Argentina/Catamarca -4:23:08 - LMT 1894 Oct 31 +  -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May    -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec    -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5 -  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1990 Jul -  -3:00 - ART 1991 Jul -  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1992 Jul -  -3:00 - ART 1999 Oct 3 0:00 -  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 0:00 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Mar 3 +  -4:00 - WART 1991 Oct 20 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3 +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 +  -3:00 - ART 2004 Jun 1 +  -4:00 - WART 2004 Jun 20 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18    -3:00 - ART   #   # Mendoza (MZ) - Zone America/Mendoza -4:35:16 - LMT 1894 Nov -  -4:16:44 - CMT 1920 May + Zone America/Argentina/Mendoza -4:35:16 - LMT 1894 Oct 31 +  -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May    -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec    -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5 -  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Mar 3 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1990 Mar 4 +  -4:00 - WART 1990 Oct 15 +  -4:00 1:00 WARST 1991 Mar 1    -4:00 - WART 1991 Oct 15    -4:00 1:00 WARST 1992 Mar 1    -4:00 - WART 1992 Oct 18 -  -3:00 - ART 1999 Oct 3 0:00 -  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 0:00 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3 +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 +  -3:00 - ART 2004 May 23 +  -4:00 - WART 2004 Sep 26 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18    -3:00 - ART -  + # + # San Luis (SL)    -  + Rule SanLuis 2008 2009 - Mar Sun>=8 0:00 0 - + Rule SanLuis 2007 2008 - Oct Sun>=8 0:00 1:00 S +  + Zone America/Argentina/San_Luis -4:25:24 - LMT 1894 Oct 31 +  -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May +  -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1990 +  -3:00 1:00 ARST 1990 Mar 14 +  -4:00 - WART 1990 Oct 15 +  -4:00 1:00 WARST 1991 Mar 1 +  -4:00 - WART 1991 Jun 1 +  -3:00 - ART 1999 Oct 3 +  -4:00 1:00 WARST 2000 Mar 3 +  -3:00 - ART 2004 May 31 +  -4:00 - WART 2004 Jul 25 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Jan 21 +  -4:00 SanLuis WAR%sT 2009 Oct 11 +  -3:00 - ART + # + # Santa Cruz (SC) + Zone America/Argentina/Rio_Gallegos -4:36:52 - LMT 1894 Oct 31 +  -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May # Cordoba Mean Time +  -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3 +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 +  -3:00 - ART 2004 Jun 1 +  -4:00 - WART 2004 Jun 20 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18 +  -3:00 - ART + # + # Tierra del Fuego, Antartida e Islas del Atlantico Sur (TF) + Zone America/Argentina/Ushuaia -4:33:12 - LMT 1894 Oct 31 +  -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May # Cordoba Mean Time +  -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3 +  -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 +  -3:00 - ART 2004 May 30 +  -4:00 - WART 2004 Jun 20 +  -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18 +  -3:00 - ART +    # Aruba - # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone America/Aruba -4:40:24 - LMT 1912 Feb 12 # Oranjestad -  -4:30 - ANT 1965 # Netherlands Antilles Time -  -4:00 - AST + Link America/Curacao America/Aruba      # Bolivia   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/La_Paz -4:32:36 - LMT 1890 -  -4:32:36 - LPMT 1931 Oct 15 # La Paz Mean Time +  -4:32:36 - CMT 1931 Oct 15 # Calamarca MT    -4:32:36 1:00 BOST 1932 Mar 21 # Bolivia ST    -4:00 - BOT # Bolivia Time      # Brazil    - # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1993-11-18): + # From Paul Eggert (1993-11-18):   # The mayor of Rio recently attempted to change the time zone rules   # just in his city, in order to leave more summer time for the tourist trade.   # The rule change lasted only part of the day;   # the federal government refused to follow the city's rules, and business   # was in a chaos, so the mayor backed down that afternoon.      # From IATA SSIM (1996-02):   # _Only_ the following states in BR1 observe DST: Rio Grande do Sul (RS),   # Santa Catarina (SC), Parana (PR), Sao Paulo (SP), Rio de Janeiro (RJ),   # Espirito Santo (ES), Minas Gerais (MG), Bahia (BA), Goias (GO),
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/southamerica:248:   # From Marcos Tadeu (1998-09-27):   # <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/verao1.html">   # Brazilian official page   # </a>      # From Jesper Norgaard (2000-11-03):   # [For an official list of which regions in Brazil use which time zones, see:]   # http://pcdsh01.on.br/Fusbr.htm   # http://pcdsh01.on.br/Fusbrhv.htm    - # From Paul Eggert (2000-10-02): - # The official decrees referenced below are taken from + # From Celso Doria via David Madeo (2002-10-09): + # The reason for the delay this year has to do with elections in Brazil. + # + # Unlike in the United States, elections in Brazil are 100% computerized and + # the results are known almost immediately. Yesterday, it was the first + # round of the elections when 115 million Brazilians voted for President, + # Governor, Senators, Federal Deputies, and State Deputies. Nobody is + # counting (or re-counting) votes anymore and we know there will be a second + # round for the Presidency and also for some Governors. The 2nd round will + # take place on October 27th. + # + # The reason why the DST will only begin November 3rd is that the thousands + # of electoral machines used cannot have their time changed, and since the + # Constitution says the elections must begin at 8:00 AM and end at 5:00 PM, + # the Government decided to postpone DST, instead of changing the Constitution + # (maybe, for the next elections, it will be possible to change the clock)... +  + # From Rodrigo Severo (2004-10-04): + # It's just the biannual change made necessary by the much hyped, supposedly + # modern Brazilian eletronic voting machines which, apparently, can't deal + # with a time change between the first and the second rounds of the elections. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-20): + # Brazil will start DST on 2007-10-14 00:00 and end on 2008-02-17 00:00: + # http://www.mme.gov.br/site/news/detail.do;jsessionid=BBA06811AFCAAC28F0285210913513DA?newsId=13975 +  + # From Paul Schulze (2008-06-24): + # ...by law number 11.662 of April 24, 2008 (published in the "Diario + # Oficial da Uniao"...) in Brazil there are changes in the timezones, + # effective today (00:00am at June 24, 2008) as follows: + # + # a) The timezone UTC+5 is e[x]tinguished, with all the Acre state and the + # part of the Amazonas state that had this timezone now being put to the + # timezone UTC+4 + # b) The whole Para state now is put at timezone UTC+3, instead of just + # part of it, as was before. + # + # This change follows a proposal of senator Tiao Viana of Acre state, that + # proposed it due to concerns about open television channels displaying + # programs inappropriate to youths in the states that had the timezone + # UTC+5 too early in the night. In the occasion, some more corrections + # were proposed, trying to unify the timezones of any given state. This + # change modifies timezone rules defined in decree 2.784 of 18 June, + # 1913. +  + # From Rodrigo Severo (2008-06-24): + # Just correcting the URL: + # <a href="https://www.in.gov.br/imprensa/visualiza/index.jsp?jornal=do&secao=1&pagina=1&data=25/04/2008"> + # https://www.in.gov.br/imprensa/visualiza/index.jsp?jornal=do&secao=1&pagina=1&data=25/04/2008 + # </a> + # + # As a result of the above Decree I believe the America/Rio_Branco + # timezone shall be modified from UTC-5 to UTC-4 and a new timezone shall + # be created to represent the...west side of the Para State. I + # suggest this new timezone be called Santarem as the most + # important/populated city in the affected area. + # + # This new timezone would be the same as the Rio_Branco timezone up to + # the 2008/06/24 change which would be to UTC-3 instead of UTC-4. +  + # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-06-24): + # This is a quick reference page for New and Old Brazil Time Zones map. + # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/brazil-time-new-old.php"> + # http://www.worldtimezone.com/brazil-time-new-old.php + # </a> + # + # - 4 time zones replaced by 3 time zones-eliminating time zone UTC- 05 + # (state Acre and the part of the Amazonas will be UTC/GMT- 04) - western + # part of Par state is moving to one timezone UTC- 03 (from UTC -04). +  + # From Paul Eggert (2002-10-10): + # The official decrees referenced below are mostly taken from   # <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/DecHV.html">   # Decretos sobre o Horario de Verao no Brasil - # </a> (1999-10-04, in Portuguese). - # The official site for all decrees, including those not related to time, is - # <a href="http://www.presidencia.gov.br/CCIVIL/decreto/principal_ano.htm"> - # Presidencia da Republica, Subchefia para Assuntos Juridicos, Decretos - # </a> (in Portuguese). + # </a>.    -  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-29): + # As announced by the government and many newspapers in Brazil late + # yesterday, Brazil will start DST on 2008-10-19 (need to change rule) and + # it will end on 2009-02-15 (current rule for Brazil is fine). Based on + # past years experience with the elections, there was a good chance that + # the start was postponed to November, but it did not happen this year. + # + # It has not yet been posted to http://pcdsh01.on.br/DecHV.html + # + # An official page about it: + # <a href="http://www.mme.gov.br/site/news/detail.do?newsId=16722"> + # http://www.mme.gov.br/site/news/detail.do?newsId=16722 + # </a> + # Note that this link does not always work directly, but must be accessed + # by going to + # <a href="http://www.mme.gov.br/first"> + # http://www.mme.gov.br/first + # </a> + # + # One example link that works directly: + # <a href="http://jornale.com.br/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=13530&Itemid=54"> + # http://jornale.com.br/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=13530&Itemid=54 + # (Portuguese) + # </a> + # + # We have a written a short article about it as well: + # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/brazil-dst-2008-2009.html"> + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/brazil-dst-2008-2009.html + # </a> + # + # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-10-04): + # State Bahia will return to Daylight savings time this year after 8 years off. + # The announcement was made by Governor Jaques Wagner in an interview to a + # television station in Salvador. +  + # In Portuguese: + # <a href="http://g1.globo.com/bahia/noticia/2011/10/governador-jaques-wagner-confirma-horario-de-verao-na-bahia.html"> + # http://g1.globo.com/bahia/noticia/2011/10/governador-jaques-wagner-confirma-horario-de-verao-na-bahia.html + # </a> and + # <a href="http://noticias.terra.com.br/brasil/noticias/0,,OI5390887-EI8139,00-Bahia+volta+a+ter+horario+de+verao+apos+oito+anos.html"> + # http://noticias.terra.com.br/brasil/noticias/0,,OI5390887-EI8139,00-Bahia+volta+a+ter+horario+de+verao+apos+oito+anos.html + # </a> +  + # From Guilherme Bernardes Rodrigues (2011-10-07): + # There is news in the media, however there is still no decree about it. + # I just send a e-mail to Zulmira Brandao at + # <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/">http://pcdsh01.on.br/</a> the + # official agency about time in Brazil, and she confirmed that the old rule is + # still in force. +  + # From Guilherme Bernardes Rodrigues (2011-10-14) + # It's official, the President signed a decree that includes Bahia in summer + # time. + # [ and in a second message (same day): ] + # I found the decree. + # + # DECRETO No- 7.584, DE 13 DE OUTUBRO DE 2011 + # Link : + # <a href="http://www.in.gov.br/visualiza/index.jsp?data=13/10/2011&jornal=1000&pagina=6&totalArquivos=6"> + # http://www.in.gov.br/visualiza/index.jsp?data=13/10/2011&jornal=1000&pagina=6&totalArquivos=6 + # </a> +  + # From Kelley Cook (2012-10-16): + # The governor of state of Bahia in Brazil announced on Thursday that + # due to public pressure, he is reversing the DST policy they implemented + # last year and will not be going to Summer Time on October 21st.... + # http://www.correio24horas.com.br/r/artigo/apos-pressoes-wagner-suspende-horario-de-verao-na-bahia +  + # From Rodrigo Severo (2012-10-16): + # Tocantins state will have DST. + # http://noticias.terra.com.br/brasil/noticias/0,,OI6232536-EI306.html +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-09-20): + # Tocantins in Brazil is very likely not to observe DST from October.... + # http://conexaoto.com.br/2013/09/18/ministerio-confirma-que-tocantins-esta-fora-do-horario-de-verao-em-2013-mas-falta-publicacao-de-decreto + # We will keep this article updated when this is confirmed: + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/brazil-starts-dst-2013.html +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-10-17): + # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/acre-amazonas-change-time-zone.html + # Senator Jorge Viana announced that Acre will change time zone on November 10. + # He did not specify the time of the change, nor if western parts of Amazonas + # will change as well. + # + # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-17): + # For now, assume western Amazonas will change as well. +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HV20466.htm">20,466</a> (1931-10-01)   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HV21896.htm">21,896</a> (1932-01-10)   Rule Brazil 1931 only - Oct 3 11:00 1:00 S   Rule Brazil 1932 1933 - Apr 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Brazil 1932 only - Oct 3 0:00 1:00 S   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HV23195.htm">23,195</a> (1933-10-10)   # revoked DST.   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HV27496.htm">27,496</a> (1949-11-24)   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HV27998.htm">27,998</a> (1950-04-13)
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/southamerica:328:   # <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HV1991.htm">Unnumbered decree</a> (1991-09-25)   # adopted by RS, SC, PR, SP, RJ, ES, MG, BA, GO, MT, MS, DF.   Rule Brazil 1991 only - Oct 20 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Brazil 1992 only - Feb 9 0:00 0 -   # <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HV1992.htm">Unnumbered decree</a> (1992-10-16)   # adopted by same states.   Rule Brazil 1992 only - Oct 25 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Brazil 1993 only - Jan 31 0:00 0 -   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HV942.htm">942</a> (1993-09-28)   # adopted by same states, plus AM. - # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HV1252.htm">1,252</a> (1994-09-22) - # adopted by same states, minus AM. + # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HV1252.htm">1,252</a> (1994-09-22; + # web page corrected 2004-01-07) adopted by same states, minus AM.   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HV1636.htm">1,636</a> (1995-09-14) - # adopted by same states, plus TO. + # adopted by same states, plus MT and TO.   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HV1674.htm">1,674</a> (1995-10-13)   # adds AL, SE.   Rule Brazil 1993 1995 - Oct Sun>=11 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Brazil 1994 1995 - Feb Sun>=15 0:00 0 -   Rule Brazil 1996 only - Feb 11 0:00 0 -   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HV2000.htm">2,000</a> (1996-09-04)   # adopted by same states, minus AL, SE.   Rule Brazil 1996 only - Oct 6 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Brazil 1997 only - Feb 16 0:00 0 - - # From Daniel C. Sobral <dcs@gns.com.br> (1998-02-12): + # From Daniel C. Sobral (1998-02-12):   # In 1997, the DS began on October 6. The stated reason was that   # because international television networks ignored Brazil's policy on DS,   # they bought the wrong times on satellite for coverage of Pope's visit.   # This year, the ending date of DS was postponed to March 1   # to help dealing with the shortages of electric power.   # - # From Paul Eggert (1998-02-25): - # <a href="http://churchnet.ucsm.ac.uk/news/files2/news165.htm"> - # Brazil Prepares for Papal Visit - # </a>, - # Church Net UK (1997-10-02). - # +    # Decree 2,317 (1997-09-04), adopted by same states.   Rule Brazil 1997 only - Oct 6 0:00 1:00 S   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/figuras/HV2495.JPG">2,495</a>   # (1998-02-10)   Rule Brazil 1998 only - Mar 1 0:00 0 -   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/figuras/Hv98.jpg">2,780</a> (1998-09-11)   # adopted by the same states as before.   Rule Brazil 1998 only - Oct 11 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Brazil 1999 only - Feb 21 0:00 0 -   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/figuras/HV3150.gif">3,150</a>
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/southamerica:375:   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/DecHV99.gif">3,188</a> (1999-09-30)   # adds SE, AL, PB, PE, RN, CE, PI, MA and RR.   Rule Brazil 1999 only - Oct 3 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Brazil 2000 only - Feb 27 0:00 0 -   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/DEC3592.htm">3,592</a> (2000-09-06)   # adopted by the same states as before.   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/Dec3630.jpg">3,630</a> (2000-10-13)   # repeals DST in PE and RR, effective 2000-10-15 00:00.   # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/Dec3632.jpg">3,632</a> (2000-10-17)   # repeals DST in SE, AL, PB, RN, CE, PI and MA, effective 2000-10-22 00:00. - # - # These give only one year's rules. After that, the rules are guesses - # and are quite possibly wrong, but are more likely than no DST at all. - Rule Brazil 2000 max - Oct Sun>=8 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Brazil 2001 max - Feb Sun>=15 0:00 0 - + # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/figuras/HV3916.gif">3,916</a> + # (2001-09-13) reestablishes DST in AL, CE, MA, PB, PE, PI, RN, SE. + Rule Brazil 2000 2001 - Oct Sun>=8 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Brazil 2001 2006 - Feb Sun>=15 0:00 0 - + # Decree 4,399 (2002-10-01) repeals DST in AL, CE, MA, PB, PE, PI, RN, SE. + # <a href="http://www.presidencia.gov.br/CCIVIL/decreto/2002/D4399.htm">4,399</a> + Rule Brazil 2002 only - Nov 3 0:00 1:00 S + # Decree 4,844 (2003-09-24; corrected 2003-09-26) repeals DST in BA, MT, TO. + # <a href="http://www.presidencia.gov.br/CCIVIL/decreto/2003/D4844.htm">4,844</a> + Rule Brazil 2003 only - Oct 19 0:00 1:00 S + # Decree 5,223 (2004-10-01) reestablishes DST in MT. + # <a href="http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2004-2006/2004/Decreto/D5223.htm">5,223</a> + Rule Brazil 2004 only - Nov 2 0:00 1:00 S + # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/DecHV5539.gif">5,539</a> (2005-09-19), + # adopted by the same states as before. + Rule Brazil 2005 only - Oct 16 0:00 1:00 S + # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/DecHV5920.gif">5,920</a> (2006-10-03), + # adopted by the same states as before. + Rule Brazil 2006 only - Nov 5 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Brazil 2007 only - Feb 25 0:00 0 - + # Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/DecHV6212.gif">6,212</a> (2007-09-26), + # adopted by the same states as before. + Rule Brazil 2007 only - Oct Sun>=8 0:00 1:00 S + # From Frederico A. C. Neves (2008-09-10): + # According to this decree + # <a href="http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2007-2010/2008/Decreto/D6558.htm"> + # http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2007-2010/2008/Decreto/D6558.htm + # </a> + # [t]he DST period in Brazil now on will be from the 3rd Oct Sunday to the + # 3rd Feb Sunday. There is an exception on the return date when this is + # the Carnival Sunday then the return date will be the next Sunday... + Rule Brazil 2008 max - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Brazil 2008 2011 - Feb Sun>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Brazil 2012 only - Feb Sun>=22 0:00 0 - + Rule Brazil 2013 2014 - Feb Sun>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Brazil 2015 only - Feb Sun>=22 0:00 0 - + Rule Brazil 2016 2022 - Feb Sun>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Brazil 2023 only - Feb Sun>=22 0:00 0 - + Rule Brazil 2024 2025 - Feb Sun>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Brazil 2026 only - Feb Sun>=22 0:00 0 - + Rule Brazil 2027 2033 - Feb Sun>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Brazil 2034 only - Feb Sun>=22 0:00 0 - + Rule Brazil 2035 2036 - Feb Sun>=15 0:00 0 - + Rule Brazil 2037 only - Feb Sun>=22 0:00 0 - + # From Arthur David Olson (2008-09-29): + # The next is wrong in some years but is better than nothing. + Rule Brazil 2038 max - Feb Sun>=15 0:00 0 -    -  + # The latest ruleset listed above says that the following states observe DST: + # DF, ES, GO, MG, MS, MT, PR, RJ, RS, SC, SP.      # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   # - # Atlantic islands: Fernando de Noronha, Trindade, Martin Vaz, - # Atol das Rocas, and Penedos de Sao Pedro e Sao Paulo + # Fernando de Noronha (administratively part of PE)   Zone America/Noronha -2:09:40 - LMT 1914    -2:00 Brazil FN%sT 1990 Sep 17 -  +  -2:00 - FNT 1999 Sep 30 +  -2:00 Brazil FN%sT 2000 Oct 15 +  -2:00 - FNT 2001 Sep 13 +  -2:00 Brazil FN%sT 2002 Oct 1    -2:00 - FNT -  + # Other Atlantic islands have no permanent settlement. + # These include Trindade and Martin Vaz (administratively part of ES), + # Atol das Rocas (RN), and Penedos de Sao Pedro e Sao Paulo (PE). + # Fernando de Noronha was a separate territory from 1942-09-02 to 1989-01-01; + # it also included the Penedos.   #   # Amapa (AP), east Para (PA)   # East Para includes Belem, Maraba, Serra Norte, and Sao Felix do Xingu. -  + # The division between east and west Para is the river Xingu. + # In the north a very small part from the river Javary (now Jari I guess, + # the border with Amapa) to the Amazon, then to the Xingu.   Zone America/Belem -3:13:56 - LMT 1914    -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1988 Sep 12    -3:00 - BRT   # -  + # west Para (PA) + # West Para includes Altamira, Oribidos, Prainha, Oriximina, and Santarem. + Zone America/Santarem -3:38:48 - LMT 1914 +  -4:00 Brazil AM%sT 1988 Sep 12 +  -4:00 - AMT 2008 Jun 24 00:00 +  -3:00 - BRT + #   # Maranhao (MA), Piaui (PI), Ceara (CE), Rio Grande do Norte (RN),   # Paraiba (PB)   Zone America/Fortaleza -2:34:00 - LMT 1914    -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1990 Sep 17    -3:00 - BRT 1999 Sep 30    -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2000 Oct 22 -  +  -3:00 - BRT 2001 Sep 13 +  -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2002 Oct 1    -3:00 - BRT   #   # Pernambuco (PE) (except Atlantic islands)   Zone America/Recife -2:19:36 - LMT 1914    -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1990 Sep 17    -3:00 - BRT 1999 Sep 30    -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2000 Oct 15 -  +  -3:00 - BRT 2001 Sep 13 +  -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2002 Oct 1    -3:00 - BRT   #   # Tocantins (TO)   Zone America/Araguaina -3:12:48 - LMT 1914    -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1990 Sep 17    -3:00 - BRT 1995 Sep 14 -  -3:00 Brazil BR%sT +  -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2003 Sep 24 +  -3:00 - BRT 2012 Oct 21 +  -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2013 Sep +  -3:00 - BRT   #   # Alagoas (AL), Sergipe (SE)   Zone America/Maceio -2:22:52 - LMT 1914    -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1990 Sep 17    -3:00 - BRT 1995 Oct 13    -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1996 Sep 4    -3:00 - BRT 1999 Sep 30    -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2000 Oct 22 -  +  -3:00 - BRT 2001 Sep 13 +  -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2002 Oct 1    -3:00 - BRT   # - # Bahia (BA), Goias (GO), Distrito Federal (DF), Minas Gerais (MG), + # Bahia (BA) + # There are too many Salvadors elsewhere, so use America/Bahia instead + # of America/Salvador. + Zone America/Bahia -2:34:04 - LMT 1914 +  -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2003 Sep 24 +  -3:00 - BRT 2011 Oct 16 +  -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2012 Oct 21 +  -3:00 - BRT + # + # Goias (GO), Distrito Federal (DF), Minas Gerais (MG),   # Espirito Santo (ES), Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Sao Paulo (SP), Parana (PR),   # Santa Catarina (SC), Rio Grande do Sul (RS)   Zone America/Sao_Paulo -3:06:28 - LMT 1914    -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1963 Oct 23 00:00    -3:00 1:00 BRST 1964    -3:00 Brazil BR%sT   # - # Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul + # Mato Grosso do Sul (MS) + Zone America/Campo_Grande -3:38:28 - LMT 1914 +  -4:00 Brazil AM%sT + # + # Mato Grosso (MT)   Zone America/Cuiaba -3:44:20 - LMT 1914 -  +  -4:00 Brazil AM%sT 2003 Sep 24 +  -4:00 - AMT 2004 Oct 1    -4:00 Brazil AM%sT   # - # west Para (PA), Rondonia (RO) - # West Para includes Altamira, Oribidos, Prainha, Oriximina, and Santarem. + # Rondonia (RO)   Zone America/Porto_Velho -4:15:36 - LMT 1914    -4:00 Brazil AM%sT 1988 Sep 12    -4:00 - AMT   #   # Roraima (RR)   Zone America/Boa_Vista -4:02:40 - LMT 1914    -4:00 Brazil AM%sT 1988 Sep 12    -4:00 - AMT 1999 Sep 30    -4:00 Brazil AM%sT 2000 Oct 15    -4:00 - AMT   #   # east Amazonas (AM): Boca do Acre, Jutai, Manaus, Floriano Peixoto -  + # The great circle line from Tabatinga to Porto Acre divides + # east from west Amazonas.   Zone America/Manaus -4:00:04 - LMT 1914    -4:00 Brazil AM%sT 1988 Sep 12    -4:00 - AMT 1993 Sep 28    -4:00 Brazil AM%sT 1994 Sep 22    -4:00 - AMT   #   # west Amazonas (AM): Atalaia do Norte, Boca do Maoco, Benjamin Constant,   # Eirunepe, Envira, Ipixuna   Zone America/Eirunepe -4:39:28 - LMT 1914    -5:00 Brazil AC%sT 1988 Sep 12    -5:00 - ACT 1993 Sep 28    -5:00 Brazil AC%sT 1994 Sep 22 -  +  -5:00 - ACT 2008 Jun 24 00:00 +  -4:00 - AMT 2013 Nov 10    -5:00 - ACT   #   # Acre (AC) - # Rio_Branco is too ambiguous, since there's a Rio Branco in Uruguay too. - Zone America/Porto_Acre -4:31:12 - LMT 1914 + Zone America/Rio_Branco -4:31:12 - LMT 1914    -5:00 Brazil AC%sT 1988 Sep 12 -  +  -5:00 - ACT 2008 Jun 24 00:00 +  -4:00 - AMT 2013 Nov 10    -5:00 - ACT    -  +    # Chile      # From Eduardo Krell (1995-10-19):   # The law says to switch to DST at midnight [24:00] on the second SATURDAY   # of October.... The law is the same for March and October.   # (1998-09-29):   # Because of the drought this year, the government decided to go into   # DST earlier (saturday 9/26 at 24:00). This is a one-time change only ...   # (unless there's another dry season next year, I guess).      # From Julio I. Pacheco Troncoso (1999-03-18):   # Because of the same drought, the government decided to end DST later,   # on April 3, (one-time change).    -  + # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2006-10-08): + # http://www.horaoficial.cl/cambio.htm +  + # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2006-10-08): + # I think that there are some obvious mistakes in the suggested link + # from Oscar van Vlijmen,... for instance entry 66 says that GMT-4 + # ended 1990-09-12 while entry 67 only begins GMT-3 at 1990-09-15 + # (they should have been 1990-09-15 and 1990-09-16 respectively), but + # anyhow it clears up some doubts too. +  + # From Paul Eggert (2006-12-27): + # The following data for Chile and America/Santiago are from + # <http://www.horaoficial.cl/horaof.htm> (2006-09-20), transcribed by + # Jesper Norgaard Welen. The data for Pacific/Easter are from Shanks + # & Pottenger, except with DST transitions after 1932 cloned from + # America/Santiago. The pre-1980 Pacific/Easter data are dubious, + # but we have no other source. +  + # From German Poo-Caaman~o (2008-03-03): + # Due to drought, Chile extends Daylight Time in three weeks. This + # is one-time change (Saturday 3/29 at 24:00 for America/Santiago + # and Saturday 3/29 at 22:00 for Pacific/Easter) + # The Supreme Decree is located at + # <a href="http://www.shoa.cl/servicios/supremo316.pdf"> + # http://www.shoa.cl/servicios/supremo316.pdf + # </a> + # and the instructions for 2008 are located in: + # <a href="http://www.horaoficial.cl/cambio.htm"> + # http://www.horaoficial.cl/cambio.htm + # </a>. +  + # From Jose Miguel Garrido (2008-03-05): + # ... + # You could see the announces of the change on + # <a href="http://www.shoa.cl/noticias/2008/04hora/hora.htm"> + # http://www.shoa.cl/noticias/2008/04hora/hora.htm + # </a>. +  + # From Angel Chiang (2010-03-04): + # Subject: DST in Chile exceptionally extended to 3 April due to earthquake + # <a href="http://www.gobiernodechile.cl/viewNoticia.aspx?idArticulo=30098"> + # http://www.gobiernodechile.cl/viewNoticia.aspx?idArticulo=30098 + # </a> + # (in Spanish, last paragraph). + # + # This is breaking news. There should be more information available later. +  + # From Arthur Daivd Olson (2010-03-06): + # Angel Chiang's message confirmed by Julio Pacheco; Julio provided a patch. +  + # From Glenn Eychaner (2011-03-02): [geychaner@mac.com] + # It appears that the Chilean government has decided to postpone the + # change from summer time to winter time again, by three weeks to April + # 2nd: + # <a href="http://www.emol.com/noticias/nacional/detalle/detallenoticias.asp?idnoticia=467651"> + # http://www.emol.com/noticias/nacional/detalle/detallenoticias.asp?idnoticia=467651 + # </a> + # + # This is not yet reflected in the official "cambio de hora" site, but + # probably will be soon: + # <a href="http://www.horaoficial.cl/cambio.htm"> + # http://www.horaoficial.cl/cambio.htm + # </a> +  + # From Arthur David Olson (2011-03-02): + # The emol.com article mentions a water shortage as the cause of the + # postponement, which may mean that it's not a permanent change. +  + # From Glenn Eychaner (2011-03-28): + # The article: + # <a href="http://diario.elmercurio.com/2011/03/28/_portada/_portada/noticias/7565897A-CA86-49E6-9E03-660B21A4883E.htm?id=3D{7565897A-CA86-49E6-9E03-660B21A4883E}"> + # http://diario.elmercurio.com/2011/03/28/_portada/_portada/noticias/7565897A-CA86-49E6-9E03-660B21A4883E.htm?id=3D{7565897A-CA86-49E6-9E03-660B21A4883E} + # </a> + # + # In English: + # Chile's clocks will go back an hour this year on the 7th of May instead + # of this Saturday. They will go forward again the 3rd Saturday in + # August, not in October as they have since 1968. This is a pilot plan + # which will be reevaluated in 2012. +  + # From Mauricio Parada (2012-02-22), translated by Glenn Eychaner (2012-02-23): + # As stated in the website of the Chilean Energy Ministry + # http://www.minenergia.cl/ministerio/noticias/generales/gobierno-anuncia-fechas-de-cambio-de.html + # The Chilean Government has decided to postpone the entrance into winter time + # (to leave DST) from March 11 2012 to April 28th 2012. The decision has not + # been yet formalized but it will within the next days. + # Quote from the website communication: + # + # 6. For the year 2012, the dates of entry into winter time will be as follows: + # a. Saturday April 28, 2012, clocks should go back 60 minutes; that is, at + # 23:59:59, instead of passing to 0:00, the time should be adjusted to be 23:00 + # of the same day. + # b. Saturday, September 1, 2012, clocks should go forward 60 minutes; that is, + # at 23:59:59, instead of passing to 0:00, the time should be adjusted to be + # 01:00 on September 2. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-02-15): + # According to several news sources, Chile has extended DST this year, + # they will end DST later and start DST earlier than planned. They + # hope to save energy. The new end date is 2013-04-28 00:00 and new + # start date is 2013-09-08 00:00.... + # http://www.gob.cl/informa/2013/02/15/gobierno-anuncia-fechas-de-cambio-de-hora-para-el-ano-2013.htm +  + # From Jose Miguel Garrido (2014-02-19): + # Today appeared in the Diario Oficial a decree amending the time change + # dates to 2014. + # DST End: last Saturday of April 2014 (Sun 27 Apr 2014 03:00 UTC) + # DST Start: first Saturday of September 2014 (Sun 07 Sep 2014 04:00 UTC) + # http://www.diariooficial.interior.gob.cl//media/2014/02/19/do-20140219.pdf +  + # NOTE: ChileAQ rules for Antarctic bases are stored separately in the + # 'antarctica' file. +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule Chile 1918 only - Sep 1 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Chile 1919 only - Jul 2 0:00 0 - - Rule Chile 1927 1931 - Sep 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Chile 1927 1932 - Sep 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Chile 1928 1932 - Apr 1 0:00 0 - - Rule Chile 1969 1997 - Oct Sun>=9 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Chile 1970 1998 - Mar Sun>=9 0:00 0 - - Rule Chile 1998 only - Sep 27 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Chile 1999 only - Apr 4 0:00 0 - - Rule Chile 1999 max - Oct Sun>=9 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Chile 2000 max - Mar Sun>=9 0:00 0 - - # IATA SSIM anomalies: (1990-09) says 1990-09-16; (1992-02) says 1992-03-14; + Rule Chile 1942 only - Jun 1 4:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 1942 only - Aug 1 5:00u 1:00 S + Rule Chile 1946 only - Jul 15 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule Chile 1946 only - Sep 1 3:00u 0:00 - + Rule Chile 1947 only - Apr 1 4:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 1968 only - Nov 3 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule Chile 1969 only - Mar 30 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 1969 only - Nov 23 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule Chile 1970 only - Mar 29 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 1971 only - Mar 14 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 1970 1972 - Oct Sun>=9 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule Chile 1972 1986 - Mar Sun>=9 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 1973 only - Sep 30 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule Chile 1974 1987 - Oct Sun>=9 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule Chile 1987 only - Apr 12 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 1988 1989 - Mar Sun>=9 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 1988 only - Oct Sun>=1 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule Chile 1989 only - Oct Sun>=9 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule Chile 1990 only - Mar 18 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 1990 only - Sep 16 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule Chile 1991 1996 - Mar Sun>=9 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 1991 1997 - Oct Sun>=9 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule Chile 1997 only - Mar 30 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 1998 only - Mar Sun>=9 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 1998 only - Sep 27 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule Chile 1999 only - Apr 4 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 1999 2010 - Oct Sun>=9 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule Chile 2000 2007 - Mar Sun>=9 3:00u 0 - + # N.B.: the end of March 29 in Chile is March 30 in Universal time, + # which is used below in specifying the transition. + Rule Chile 2008 only - Mar 30 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 2009 only - Mar Sun>=9 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 2010 only - Apr Sun>=1 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 2011 only - May Sun>=2 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 2011 only - Aug Sun>=16 4:00u 1:00 S + Rule Chile 2012 max - Apr Sun>=23 3:00u 0 - + Rule Chile 2012 max - Sep Sun>=2 4:00u 1:00 S + # IATA SSIM anomalies: (1992-02) says 1992-03-14;   # (1996-09) says 1998-03-08. Ignore these.   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone America/Santiago -4:42:40 - LMT 1890 -  -4:42:40 - SMT 1910 # Santiago Mean Time -  -5:00 Chile CL%sT 1932 Sep # Chile Time + Zone America/Santiago -4:42:46 - LMT 1890 +  -4:42:46 - SMT 1910 # Santiago Mean Time +  -5:00 - CLT 1916 Jul 1 # Chile Time +  -4:42:46 - SMT 1918 Sep 1 # Santiago Mean Time +  -4:00 - CLT 1919 Jul 1 # Chile Time +  -4:42:46 - SMT 1927 Sep 1 # Santiago Mean Time +  -5:00 Chile CL%sT 1947 May 22 # Chile Time    -4:00 Chile CL%sT - Zone Pacific/Easter -7:17:28 - LMT 1890 # Mataveri -  -7:17:28 - MMT 1932 Sep # Mataveri Mean Time -  -7:00 Chile EAS%sT 1982 Mar 14 # Easter I Time + Zone Pacific/Easter -7:17:44 - LMT 1890 +  -7:17:28 - EMT 1932 Sep # Easter Mean Time +  -7:00 Chile EAS%sT 1982 Mar 13 21:00 # Easter I Time    -6:00 Chile EAS%sT   # - # Whitman says Juan Fernandez Is are like America/Santiago. - # San Ambrosio, San Felix - # no information; probably like America/Santiago + # Sala y Gomez Island is like Pacific/Easter. + # Other Chilean locations, including Juan Fernandez Is, San Ambrosio, + # San Felix, and Antarctic bases, are like America/Santiago.    -  +    # Colombia - # Shanks specifies 24:00 for 1992 transition times; go with IATA, - # as it seems implausible to change clocks at midnight New Year's Eve. +  + # Milne gives 4:56:16.4 for Bogota time in 1899; round to nearest. He writes, + # "A variation of fifteen minutes in the public clocks of Bogota is not rare." +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - Rule CO 1992 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 S - Rule CO 1992 only - Dec 31 0:00 0 - + Rule CO 1992 only - May 3 0:00 1:00 S + Rule CO 1993 only - Apr 4 0:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone America/Bogota -4:56:20 - LMT 1884 Mar 13 -  -4:56:20 - BMT 1914 Nov 23 # Bogota Mean Time + Zone America/Bogota -4:56:16 - LMT 1884 Mar 13 +  -4:56:16 - BMT 1914 Nov 23 # Bogota Mean Time    -5:00 CO CO%sT # Colombia Time   # Malpelo, Providencia, San Andres   # no information; probably like America/Bogota      # Curacao - # Shanks says that Bottom and Oranjestad have been at -4:00 since - # standard time was introduced on 1912-03-02; and that Kralendijk and Rincon - # used Kralendijk Mean Time (-4:33:08) from 1912-02-02 to 1965-01-01. +  + # Milne gives 4:35:46.9 for Curacao mean time; round to nearest. + # + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # Shanks & Pottenger say that The Bottom and Philipsburg have been at + # -4:00 since standard time was introduced on 1912-03-02; and that + # Kralendijk and Rincon used Kralendijk Mean Time (-4:33:08) from + # 1912-02-02 to 1965-01-01. The former is dubious, since S&P also say + # Saba Island has been like Curacao.   # This all predates our 1970 cutoff, though. -  + # + # By July 2007 Curacao and St Maarten are planned to become + # associated states within the Netherlands, much like Aruba; + # Bonaire, Saba and St Eustatius would become directly part of the + # Netherlands as Kingdom Islands. This won't affect their time zones + # though, as far as we know. + #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] - Zone America/Curacao -4:35:44 - LMT 1912 Feb 12 # Willemstad + Zone America/Curacao -4:35:47 - LMT 1912 Feb 12 # Willemstad    -4:30 - ANT 1965 # Netherlands Antilles Time    -4:00 - AST    -  + # From Arthur David Olson (2011-06-15): + # use links for places with new iso3166 codes. + # The name "Lower Prince's Quarter" is both longer than fourteen charaters + # and contains an apostrophe; use "Lower_Princes" below. +  + Link America/Curacao America/Lower_Princes # Sint Maarten + Link America/Curacao America/Kralendijk # Caribbean Netherlands +    # Ecuador -  + # + # Milne says the Sentral and South American Telegraph Company used -5:24:15. + # + # From Paul Eggert (2007-03-04): + # Apparently Ecuador had a failed experiment with DST in 1992. + # <http://midena.gov.ec/content/view/1261/208/> (2007-02-27) and + # <http://www.hoy.com.ec/NoticiaNue.asp?row_id=249856> (2006-11-06) both + # talk about "hora Sixto". Leave this alone for now, as we have no data. + #   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Guayaquil -5:19:20 - LMT 1890    -5:14:00 - QMT 1931 # Quito Mean Time    -5:00 - ECT # Ecuador Time   Zone Pacific/Galapagos -5:58:24 - LMT 1931 # Puerto Baquerizo Moreno    -5:00 - ECT 1986    -6:00 - GALT # Galapagos Time      # Falklands -  +  + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # Between 1990 and 2000 inclusive, Shanks & Pottenger and the IATA agree except + # the IATA gives 1996-09-08. Go with Shanks & Pottenger. +  + # From Falkland Islands Government Office, London (2001-01-22) + # via Jesper Norgaard: + # ... the clocks revert back to Local Mean Time at 2 am on Sunday 15 + # April 2001 and advance one hour to summer time at 2 am on Sunday 2 + # September. It is anticipated that the clocks will revert back at 2 + # am on Sunday 21 April 2002 and advance to summer time at 2 am on + # Sunday 1 September. +  + # From Rives McDow (2001-02-13): + # + # I have communicated several times with people there, and the last + # time I had communications that was helpful was in 1998. Here is + # what was said then: + # + # "The general rule was that Stanley used daylight saving and the Camp + # did not. However for various reasons many people in the Camp have + # started to use daylight saving (known locally as 'Stanley Time') + # There is no rule as to who uses daylight saving - it is a matter of + # personal choice and so it is impossible to draw a map showing who + # uses it and who does not. Any list would be out of date as soon as + # it was produced. This year daylight saving ended on April 18/19th + # and started again on September 12/13th. I do not know what the rule + # is, but can find out if you like. We do not change at the same time + # as UK or Chile." + # + # I did have in my notes that the rule was "Second Saturday in Sep at + # 0:00 until third Saturday in Apr at 0:00". I think that this does + # not agree in some cases with Shanks; is this true? + # + # Also, there is no mention in the list that some areas in the + # Falklands do not use DST. I have found in my communications there + # that these areas are on the western half of East Falkland and all of + # West Falkland. Stanley is the only place that consistently observes + # DST. Again, as in other places in the world, the farmers don't like + # it. West Falkland is almost entirely sheep farmers. + # + # I know one lady there that keeps a list of which farm keeps DST and + # which doesn't each year. She runs a shop in Stanley, and says that + # the list changes each year. She uses it to communicate to her + # customers, catching them when they are home for lunch or dinner. +  + # From Paul Eggert (2001-03-05): + # For now, we'll just record the time in Stanley, since we have no + # better info. +  + # From Steffen Thorsen (2011-04-01): + # The Falkland Islands will not turn back clocks this winter, but stay on + # daylight saving time. + # + # One source: + # <a href="http://www.falklandnews.com/public/story.cfm?get=5914&source=3"> + # http://www.falklandnews.com/public/story.cfm?get=5914&source=3 + # </a> + # + # We have gotten this confirmed by a clerk of the legislative assembly: + # Normally the clocks revert to Local Mean Time (UTC/GMT -4 hours) on the + # third Sunday of April at 0200hrs and advance to Summer Time (UTC/GMT -3 + # hours) on the first Sunday of September at 0200hrs. + # + # IMPORTANT NOTE: During 2011, on a trial basis, the Falkland Islands + # will not revert to local mean time, but clocks will remain on Summer + # time (UTC/GMT - 3 hours) throughout the whole of 2011. Any long term + # change to local time following the trial period will be notified. + # + # From Andrew Newman (2012-02-24) + # A letter from Justin McPhee, Chief Executive, + # Cable & Wireless Falkland Islands (dated 2012-02-22) + # states... + # The current Atlantic/Stanley entry under South America expects the + # clocks to go back to standard Falklands Time (FKT) on the 15th April. + # The database entry states that in 2011 Stanley was staying on fixed + # summer time on a trial basis only. FIG need to contact IANA and/or + # the maintainers of the database to inform them we're adopting + # the same policy this year and suggest recommendations for future years. + # + # For now we will assume permanent summer time for the Falklands + # until advised differently (to apply for 2012 and beyond, after the 2011 + # experiment was apparently successful.)   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Falk 1937 1938 - Sep lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Falk 1938 1942 - Mar Sun>=19 0:00 0 -   Rule Falk 1939 only - Oct 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Falk 1940 1942 - Sep lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Falk 1943 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Falk 1983 only - Sep lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Falk 1984 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule Falk 1984 only - Sep 16 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Falk 1985 1995 - Sep Sun>=9 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Falk 1986 max - Apr Sun>=16 0:00 0 - - Rule Falk 1996 max - Sep Sun>=8 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Falk 1985 2000 - Sep Sun>=9 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Falk 1986 2000 - Apr Sun>=16 0:00 0 - + Rule Falk 2001 2010 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 0 - + Rule Falk 2001 2010 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Atlantic/Stanley -3:51:24 - LMT 1890    -3:51:24 - SMT 1912 Mar 12 # Stanley Mean Time    -4:00 Falk FK%sT 1983 May # Falkland Is Time    -3:00 Falk FK%sT 1985 Sep 15 -  -4:00 Falk FK%sT +  -4:00 Falk FK%sT 2010 Sep 5 02:00 +  -3:00 - FKST      # French Guiana   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Cayenne -3:29:20 - LMT 1911 Jul    -4:00 - GFT 1967 Oct # French Guiana Time    -3:00 - GFT      # Guyana   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Guyana -3:52:40 - LMT 1915 Mar # Georgetown    -3:45 - GBGT 1966 May 26 # Br Guiana Time    -3:45 - GYT 1975 Jul 31 # Guyana Time    -3:00 - GYT 1991   # IATA SSIM (1996-06) says -4:00. Assume a 1991 switch.    -4:00 - GYT      # Paraguay - # From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29): - # Shanks (1999) says that spring transitions are from 01:00 -> 02:00, - # and autumn transitions are from 00:00 -> 23:00. Go with earlier + # + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # Shanks & Pottenger say that spring transitions are from 01:00 -> 02:00, + # and autumn transitions are from 00:00 -> 23:00. Go with pre-1999   # editions of Shanks, and with the IATA, who say transitions occur at 00:00. -  + # + # From Waldemar Villamayor-Venialbo (2013-09-20): + # No time of the day is established for the adjustment, so people normally + # adjust their clocks at 0 hour of the given dates. + #   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Para 1975 1988 - Oct 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Para 1975 1978 - Mar 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Para 1979 1991 - Apr 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Para 1989 only - Oct 22 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Para 1990 only - Oct 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Para 1991 only - Oct 6 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Para 1992 only - Mar 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Para 1992 only - Oct 5 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Para 1993 only - Mar 31 0:00 0 -   Rule Para 1993 1995 - Oct 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Para 1994 1995 - Feb lastSun 0:00 0 -   Rule Para 1996 only - Mar 1 0:00 0 - - # IATA SSIM (1997-09) says Mar 1; go with Shanks. - Rule Para 1997 only - Feb lastSun 0:00 0 - - Rule Para 1998 only - Mar 1 0:00 0 - - Rule Para 1996 1998 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S - # IATA SSIM (1999-02) says lastSat, not lastSun; (1999-09) reports no date; - # go with Shanks. - Rule Para 1999 max - Feb lastSun 0:00 0 - - # IATA SSIM (2000-02) says 1999-10-10. - Rule Para 1999 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 S + # IATA SSIM (2000-02) says 1999-10-10; ignore this for now.   # From Steffen Thorsen (2000-10-02):   # I have three independent reports that Paraguay changed to DST this Sunday   # (10-01). - Rule Para 2000 max - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S + # + # Translated by Gwillim Law (2001-02-27) from + # <a href="http://www.diarionoticias.com.py/011000/nacional/naciona1.htm"> + # Noticias, a daily paper in Asuncion, Paraguay (2000-10-01) + # </a>: + # Starting at 0:00 today, the clock will be set forward 60 minutes, in + # fulfillment of Decree No. 7,273 of the Executive Power.... The time change + # system has been operating for several years. Formerly there was a separate + # decree each year; the new law has the same effect, but permanently. Every + # year, the time will change on the first Sunday of October; likewise, the + # clock will be set back on the first Sunday of March. + # + Rule Para 1996 2001 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S + # IATA SSIM (1997-09) says Mar 1; go with Shanks & Pottenger. + Rule Para 1997 only - Feb lastSun 0:00 0 - + # Shanks & Pottenger say 1999-02-28; IATA SSIM (1999-02) says 1999-02-27, but + # (1999-09) reports no date; go with above sources and Gerd Knops (2001-02-27). + Rule Para 1998 2001 - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 - + # From Rives McDow (2002-02-28): + # A decree was issued in Paraguay (no. 16350) on 2002-02-26 that changed the + # dst method to be from the first Sunday in September to the first Sunday in + # April. + Rule Para 2002 2004 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 0 - + Rule Para 2002 2003 - Sep Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S + # + # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2005-01-02): + # There are several sources that claim that Paraguay made + # a timezone rule change in autumn 2004. + # From Steffen Thorsen (2005-01-05): + # Decree 1,867 (2004-03-05) + # From Carlos Raul Perasso via Jesper Norgaard Welen (2006-10-13) + # <http://www.presidencia.gov.py/decretos/D1867.pdf> + Rule Para 2004 2009 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Para 2005 2009 - Mar Sun>=8 0:00 0 - + # From Carlos Raul Perasso (2010-02-18): + # By decree number 3958 issued yesterday ( + # <a href="http://www.presidencia.gov.py/v1/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/decreto3958.pdf"> + # http://www.presidencia.gov.py/v1/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/decreto3958.pdf + # </a> + # ) + # Paraguay changes its DST schedule, postponing the March rule to April and + # modifying the October date. The decree reads: + # ... + # Art. 1. It is hereby established that from the second Sunday of the month of + # April of this year (2010), the official time is to be set back 60 minutes, + # and that on the first Sunday of the month of October, it is to be set + # forward 60 minutes, in all the territory of the Paraguayan Republic. + # ... + Rule Para 2010 max - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Para 2010 2012 - Apr Sun>=8 0:00 0 - + # + # From Steffen Thorsen (2013-03-07): + # Paraguay will end DST on 2013-03-24 00:00.... + # http://www.ande.gov.py/interna.php?id=1075 + # + # From Carlos Raul Perasso (2013-03-15): + # The change in Paraguay is now final. Decree number 10780 + # http://www.presidencia.gov.py/uploads/pdf/presidencia-3b86ff4b691c79d4f5927ca964922ec74772ce857c02ca054a52a37b49afc7fb.pdf + # From Carlos Raul Perasso (2014-02-28): + # Decree 1264 can be found at: + # http://www.presidencia.gov.py/archivos/documentos/DECRETO1264_ey9r8zai.pdf + Rule Para 2013 max - Mar Sun>=22 0:00 0 - +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Asuncion -3:50:40 - LMT 1890    -3:50:40 - AMT 1931 Oct 10 # Asuncion Mean Time    -4:00 - PYT 1972 Oct # Paraguay Time    -3:00 - PYT 1974 Apr    -4:00 Para PY%sT      # Peru -  + # + # <a href="news:xrGmb.39935$gA1.13896113@news4.srv.hcvlny.cv.net"> + # From Evelyn C. Leeper via Mark Brader (2003-10-26):</a> + # When we were in Peru in 1985-1986, they apparently switched over + # sometime between December 29 and January 3 while we were on the Amazon. + # + # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): + # Shanks & Pottenger don't have this transition. Assume 1986 was like 1987. +    # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S   Rule Peru 1938 only - Jan 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Peru 1938 only - Apr 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Peru 1938 1939 - Sep lastSun 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Peru 1939 1940 - Mar Sun>=24 0:00 0 - - Rule Peru 1987 only - Jan 1 0:00 1:00 S - Rule Peru 1987 only - Apr 1 0:00 0 - + Rule Peru 1986 1987 - Jan 1 0:00 1:00 S + Rule Peru 1986 1987 - Apr 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Peru 1990 only - Jan 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Peru 1990 only - Apr 1 0:00 0 - - # IATA is ambiguous for 1993/1995; go with Shanks. + # IATA is ambiguous for 1993/1995; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule Peru 1994 only - Jan 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Peru 1994 only - Apr 1 0:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Lima -5:08:12 - LMT 1890 -  -5:09 - LMT 1908 Jul 28 # Lima Mean Time +  -5:08:36 - LMT 1908 Jul 28 # Lima Mean Time?    -5:00 Peru PE%sT # Peru Time      # South Georgia   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone Atlantic/South_Georgia -2:26:08 - LMT 1890 # Grytviken    -2:00 - GST # South Georgia Time      # South Sandwich Is   # uninhabited; scientific personnel have wintered   
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/southamerica:660:    -3:40:36 - PMT 1945 Oct # The capital moved?    -3:30 - NEGT 1975 Nov 20 # Dutch Guiana Time    -3:30 - SRT 1984 Oct # Suriname Time    -3:00 - SRT      # Trinidad and Tobago   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Port_of_Spain -4:06:04 - LMT 1912 Mar 2    -4:00 - AST    + # These all agree with Trinidad and Tobago since 1970. + Link America/Port_of_Spain America/Anguilla + Link America/Port_of_Spain America/Dominica + Link America/Port_of_Spain America/Grenada + Link America/Port_of_Spain America/Guadeloupe + Link America/Port_of_Spain America/Marigot # St Martin (French part) + Link America/Port_of_Spain America/Montserrat + Link America/Port_of_Spain America/St_Barthelemy + Link America/Port_of_Spain America/St_Kitts # St Kitts & Nevis + Link America/Port_of_Spain America/St_Lucia + Link America/Port_of_Spain America/St_Thomas # Virgin Islands (US) + Link America/Port_of_Spain America/St_Vincent + Link America/Port_of_Spain America/Tortola # Virgin Islands (UK) +    # Uruguay - # From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1993-11-18): + # From Paul Eggert (1993-11-18):   # Uruguay wins the prize for the strangest peacetime manipulation of the rules. - # From Shanks: + # From Shanks & Pottenger:   # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S - # Whitman gives 1923 Oct 1; go with Shanks. + # Whitman gives 1923 Oct 1; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule Uruguay 1923 only - Oct 2 0:00 0:30 HS   Rule Uruguay 1924 1926 - Apr 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Uruguay 1924 1925 - Oct 1 0:00 0:30 HS   Rule Uruguay 1933 1935 - Oct lastSun 0:00 0:30 HS - # Shanks gives 1935 Apr 1 0:00 and 1936 Mar 30 0:00; go with Whitman. + # Shanks & Pottenger give 1935 Apr 1 0:00 & 1936 Mar 30 0:00; go with Whitman.   Rule Uruguay 1934 1936 - Mar Sat>=25 23:30s 0 -   Rule Uruguay 1936 only - Nov 1 0:00 0:30 HS   Rule Uruguay 1937 1941 - Mar lastSun 0:00 0 - - # Whitman gives 1937 Oct 3; go with Shanks. + # Whitman gives 1937 Oct 3; go with Shanks & Pottenger.   Rule Uruguay 1937 1940 - Oct lastSun 0:00 0:30 HS   # Whitman gives 1941 Oct 24 - 1942 Mar 27, 1942 Dec 14 - 1943 Apr 13, - # and 1943 Apr 13 ``to present time''; go with Shanks. - Rule Uruguay 1941 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 - - Rule Uruguay 1942 only - Jan 1 0:00 0:30 HS + # and 1943 Apr 13 "to present time"; go with Shanks & Pottenger. + Rule Uruguay 1941 only - Aug 1 0:00 0:30 HS + Rule Uruguay 1942 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Uruguay 1942 only - Dec 14 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Uruguay 1943 only - Mar 14 0:00 0 -   Rule Uruguay 1959 only - May 24 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Uruguay 1959 only - Nov 15 0:00 0 -   Rule Uruguay 1960 only - Jan 17 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Uruguay 1960 only - Mar 6 0:00 0 -   Rule Uruguay 1965 1967 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Uruguay 1965 only - Sep 26 0:00 0 -   Rule Uruguay 1966 1967 - Oct 31 0:00 0 -   Rule Uruguay 1968 1970 - May 27 0:00 0:30 HS
pike.git/lib/modules/Calendar.pmod/tzdata/southamerica:705:   Rule Uruguay 1976 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Uruguay 1977 only - Dec 4 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Uruguay 1978 only - Apr 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Uruguay 1979 only - Oct 1 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Uruguay 1980 only - May 1 0:00 0 -   Rule Uruguay 1987 only - Dec 14 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Uruguay 1988 only - Mar 14 0:00 0 -   Rule Uruguay 1988 only - Dec 11 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Uruguay 1989 only - Mar 12 0:00 0 -   Rule Uruguay 1989 only - Oct 29 0:00 1:00 S - # Shanks says no DST was observed in 1990/1 and 1991/2, + # Shanks & Pottenger say no DST was observed in 1990/1 and 1991/2,   # and that 1992/3's DST was from 10-25 to 03-01. Go with IATA.   Rule Uruguay 1990 1992 - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 -   Rule Uruguay 1990 1991 - Oct Sun>=21 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Uruguay 1992 only - Oct 18 0:00 1:00 S   Rule Uruguay 1993 only - Feb 28 0:00 0 - -  + # From Eduardo Cota (2004-09-20): + # The uruguayan government has decreed a change in the local time.... + # http://www.presidencia.gub.uy/decretos/2004091502.htm + Rule Uruguay 2004 only - Sep 19 0:00 1:00 S + # From Steffen Thorsen (2005-03-11): + # Uruguay's DST was scheduled to end on Sunday, 2005-03-13, but in order to + # save energy ... it was postponed two weeks.... + # http://www.presidencia.gub.uy/_Web/noticias/2005/03/2005031005.htm + Rule Uruguay 2005 only - Mar 27 2:00 0 - + # From Eduardo Cota (2005-09-27): + # http://www.presidencia.gub.uy/_Web/decretos/2005/09/CM%20119_09%2009%202005_00001.PDF + # This means that from 2005-10-09 at 02:00 local time, until 2006-03-12 at + # 02:00 local time, official time in Uruguay will be at GMT -2. + Rule Uruguay 2005 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Uruguay 2006 only - Mar 12 2:00 0 - + # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2006-09-06): + # http://www.presidencia.gub.uy/_web/decretos/2006/09/CM%20210_08%2006%202006_00001.PDF + Rule Uruguay 2006 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S + Rule Uruguay 2007 max - Mar Sun>=8 2:00 0 -   # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Montevideo -3:44:44 - LMT 1898 Jun 28    -3:44:44 - MMT 1920 May 1 # Montevideo MT    -3:30 Uruguay UY%sT 1942 Dec 14 # Uruguay Time    -3:00 Uruguay UY%sT      # Venezuela -  + # + # From John Stainforth (2007-11-28): + # ... the change for Venezuela originally expected for 2007-12-31 has + # been brought forward to 2007-12-09. The official announcement was + # published today in the "Gaceta Oficial de la Republica Bolivariana + # de Venezuela, numero 38.819" (official document for all laws or + # resolution publication) + # http://www.globovision.com/news.php?nid=72208 +    # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]   Zone America/Caracas -4:27:44 - LMT 1890 -  -4:27:44 - CMT 1912 Feb 12 # Caracas Mean Time +  -4:27:40 - CMT 1912 Feb 12 # Caracas Mean Time?    -4:30 - VET 1965 # Venezuela Time -  -4:00 - VET +  -4:00 - VET 2007 Dec 9 03:00 +  -4:30 - VET